Descendants of John Alston of Newton by Sudbury Suffolk

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18. Henry ALSTON of Edwardstone [2643] (John of Newton Suffolk. [2826]17, William [11108]10, Thomas of Sudbury [433]6, Time Line 15thC [5993]4, Timeline 14th C [5990]3, Time Line 13th C [5992]2, Family Background [26914]1) died about 1559.

General Notes:
Lionel Cresswell in Alstoniana was unable to integrate into his Newton family line a significant number of Alstons particularly those associated with Edwardstone (an adjoining village). Conjectural stem trees, (page 388 Alstoniana) including many of these persons, have been worked on by researchers since, seeking to establish a proven link.

At this point (2011) this researcher of Alston history, has established a line from Henry of Edwardstone, based on stray Alstons from Alstoniana, Parish Records, Wills and elsewhere. The line is established by christening records or Wills with the exception of Samuel Alston [640] where it is based on the scrap Tree refered to by Cresswell on page 371 of Alstoniana.

Henry is conjecturally placed as a brother of William Alston of Newton, no evidence yet exists for this view.

For descendants of the Edwardstone/Nayland Alston family, proving the parentage wife & marriage of Samuel [640] remains a challenge as does establishing Henry's parents or siblings, and agreeing on a likely Edwardstone line.

Lionel Cresswell in 1898 ponders:
"Unplaced in the Tables. Henry was probably a younger brother of William Alston of Newton . . . . . who died 1563. It will be noticed that Henry refers to his brother-in-law Henry Simonds of Wenham, William Alston's wife's name was Simonds. That Henry was younger than William I infer from his children being said to be under 16 years of age, whereas William had one grandaughter at least at the date of his will."
Alstoniana Pg 151

2005 - A DNA matching arranged by Susan Perrett amongst various branches of the family, including those in America, reveals a match between Edwardstone and Newton families.

Henry's Will was dated 17 Oct 1558 proved 18 April 1559. Pg 151 Alstoniana.

A Henry Alston and Robert Alston are mentioned in the "Rotuli Hundredorum" as having lands at Fulbourn, co. Cambridge.
Alstoniana Pg 2

What is Henry's relationship to William Alston son of John are they brothers or contempories? were they married to sisters?

Mary Terbrack in 2017 writes "it looks to me that Henry [2643] is a second cousin of William [2819], so they could have married into the same family. Though I doubt if it is the armiger family for Henry who was not as rich as William, he being from the line of the oldest son, inherited all the riches, the other sons got less. If John the oldest (from the Will of Thomas) ie. the six sons of John, also got the large portion, and going down the sons, second son was deputy and was educated to be as capable as the son and heir, should the son and heir died. The sixth son was probably apprenticed out, apprenticeships costing the same as 1 years university fees. Needless to say the youngest 3 sons would have had a trade, and married ladies of lesser standing, with fathers that didn't necessarily leave wills, and the younger sons weren't buying land or ending up in court or chancery, with the resulting documentation.
The Will of Henry [2643] reveals modest assets. Gregory got a tenement as the oldest son, he was probably the second oldest and son and heir a first son ? Henry having died. The rest got goods and gowns. He was not a wealthy man unlike his second cousin ? William [2819] of Newton who owned considerable property in the surrounding villages.
Descendants of Henry [2643] of Edwardstone, and William [2819] of Newton, little over a mile away, have been shown in 2005 to share a very close DNA match, but the families over the centuries probably had little contact which remains the case to today.
M Terbrack.

Henry is currently the oldest Henry in this file (2004)

Dated 17th October 1558.
In the Name of God Amen xvii day of October 1558 5th and 6th years of Philip and Mary
I Henry Alston of Edwardstone in Co. Suffolk to be buried in Church Yard of Edwardston
To Gregory Alston my Sonne and to his heirs my Tenement called flods with all the lands thereunto belonginge both free and copye at the age of xxi yeres he paying to eyther of the resydew of my syx childrenne x.s. within three years aft the said age ys completed that ys to wete xxs by yere to twoe of the eldest as they come in age and I will that yf Gregorie my Sonne doe decease before the Said age of xxi years then I will the one shalbe the others heyers paying out to the rest of my Childrene suche legacies as I have before assigned and at suche tymes as the Saide Gregorie should have done.
Also I give to Gregorie my Sonne my best chafing-dish.
Also I give to Wm. Alstonne my Sonne twoe of my best bras pots and one of my best pewter dishes
Also I give to John Allstonne my Sonne my best kettles ij of my best pewter dishes and ij Sawcers.
Also I give to Elizabeth Alstonne my daughter my wives best gowne, her silver hokes and a Silvr pinne one of my best pillowberes one pewtr dishe and my wives best worsted apron and my best hutche to be delyvered to her immediately after my decease.
Also I give to Margerye Alstonne my daughter my wives next gowne and her best red peticoat and one of my next pillowberes and one of my best pewter dishes to be delyvered to her immediately after my decease.
Also I give to Briget my daughter my wives best curtle one of my best bocrome (buckram) Shetes one pillowbare one of my best cushions and one pewtr dishe.
Also I give to Ann Alstonne my daughter my lytle fozer my brazen mortar with the pestle and my posnet and one of my next pillowberes, my wives second curtell, one of my best cushions and one pewter dishe,
Also I give to my 4 daughters all manr of Suche lynenne as did apperteyne to my wives bodie to weare, to be equally devyded among them.
Also I will that Thomas Cunstable shall have the Kepinge of all suche legacies afore by me given, to five of the yongest of my Children to be delivered to every of them at xvi yeres of age, so that the saide Thomas shall well and safely kepe them with oute waste
or hindrance to my said Children.
Also I give to Henrie Simonds of Wenham my brother in law all the residew of my moveable goods and debts what so ever they be payeinge my debts and also I will that the Said Henry shall have the Saide house and lands to the honest bringinge up of my Said Children till Gregorie come to the age before menconed.
And also I will that the faide Henrie Shall well and honestlye keep my childrene till they be able to be put into honest men's hands and also to pay to every of my vii Childrenne vi.s viijd (6/8d) to be payde to every of them at the ages of xxi yeres and if yt Shall please God that anye of my Childrenne doe decease before the ages before lymited in which they should receve legacies. Then I will that such legacie or legacies to them before given Shall be equally devyded amongst the rest that doth Survive.
Also I will that the Said Henrie Simonds do discharge all maner of rente and doe all maner of such and Service due and also Shall Susteyne and Maynteyne my Saide houses by all the Saide terme in good and Sufficient reparacons and in them so to yelde them up.
Also I do ordeyne, Constitute and make the said Henrye Simonds my Sole Executor to this my last will performed and done and Thomas Constable to be superuisor thereof and I will that the saide Thomas shall at all tymes when he shall think nedeful to call the Saide Henrie to an accompte and to compell the Saide Henrie to doe all and Euerye article conteyned in this my last will and testament accordinge to the true meaninge intent and purpose thereof.
Also I give to the Saide Thomas Constable for his paynes taking vi.s. viijd.
Theis being witnes William Bogas, James Gosnolde, Richard Huggon of Edwardstone aforesaide with others the day and yere above written.
Proved xviij April 1559 before Thomas Simonds Archdeacon of Sudbury
Transcription on file 2004.

Research Notes:
Whites Directory 1844
EDWARDSTONE, a scattered village, in the vale of a small river, 5 miles E. of Sudbury, has in its parish 495 souls, and 1872 acres of land, mostly arable, but including 105A of wood. The distinguished family of De Monte Canisio, or Montechensy, were anciently seated here, and their heiress carried the manor in marriage to the Walde-graves, who sold it, about the year 1598, to John Brand, clothier, of Boxford. The Kemps obtained it by marrying the heiress of J. Brand, Esq., and in 1714 sold it to Wm. French, draper, of London. Charles Dawson, Esq., is now lord of the manor, and owner of nearly all the soil. He resides at the Hall, an ancient mansion with pleasant grounds, and is patron of the Church, (St. Mary,) and lessee of the great tithes, which belong to the Bishop of Ely. The vicarage, valued in K.B. at 4.13s. 4d., is enjoyed by the Rev. G. A. Dawson, M.A., of Groton, who has a yearly modus of 263, awarded in 1840, when the rectorial tithes were commuted for 373 per annum. Here was formerly a cell to the monastery of Abingdon, near Oxford ; but the monks were re-moved to Colne Priory, in Essex, which obtained the appropriation of the rectory, afterwards annexed to the See of Ely by Queen Elizabeth, is exchange for some valuable manors. Here is a National School, built in 1843, at the cost of 250, subscribed by C. Dawson, Esq., and other contributors.
In 1709, ISAAC BRAND left 100 to be laid out in land, the rent thereof to be distributed among the most aged and industrious poor of Edwardstone, on Easter Sunday. This legacy was laid out in the purchase of a cottage and croft, which were sold in 1804 for 205, which was laid out in 1823 in the purchase of 249. 17s three per cent. reduced annuities. The dividends, 7. 8s. a year, are distribated in linen cloth by the churchwardens.
In 1722, JOHN BRAND left two yearly rent-charges of 20s. each, to be laid out in bread for the poor of Edwardstone and Boxford, but these payments having become void, Joseph Brand, in an in order to revive the charities, conveyed to nine trustees two tenements in Sherborne street, with half an acre of land adjoining, in trust to distribute the yearly rents thereof, in bread, among the poor of Edwardstone and Boxford, on the 5th of November. The two tenements were burnt down about 43 years ago, and a new cottage was built on the site, at the expense of Boxford Parish, which receives the whole of the rent of 3 per annum.
In 1725, JOSEPH CHAPLIN left 250, to be laid out in land, for providing coats and shoes for five men, and gowns, petticoats, and shoes for providing poor women of the parish of Edwardstone. This legacy and 53 left by Sir Joseph Alston, were laid out in 1809, in the purchase of a barn and 22A 2R. of land at Polstead, now let for 26 a year, with an allotment of 1A awarded to it in 1817. The vicar is one of the trostees. and distributes the rent in coats and gowns. The Town Lands are in 3 small plots, let for 8 a year, of which 5 10s is paid to the master of the Sunday school, and the remainder is distributed in clothing. It is unknown how the parishoners acquired this land, and there stands upon it a building, long used as a workhouse. The parish sends two free scholars to Boxford School, and the poor have a yearly rent-charge of 2 out of Edwardstone Hall, supposed to have been left by Wm. French.
In 1758, EDWARD APPLETON left three yearly rent charges out of a farm here called Rockets, viz., 40s. each to Great and Little Waldingfield, and 20s to Edwardstone, for the poor of those parishes. These annuities have not been paid during the last twenty years, but the land charged is supposed to belong to the Dawson family.

In 1870-72, John Goring's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Edwardstone like this:
"EDWARDSTONE, a parish in Cosford district, Suffolk; on an affluent of the river Stour, 41/2 miles E of Sudbury r. station, and 51/2 W of Hadleigh. Post town, Waldingfield, under Sudbury. Acres, 1, 872. Real property, L.3, 851. Pop., 462. Houses, 103. The manor belongs to the Bishop of Ely. A cell to Abingdon abbey was founded here, in 1114, by the Munchenses; and given, in 1160, to Colne priory. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Ely. Value, L.203.* Patron, Hon. H. Corry. The church has an ancient brass; and there are an Independent chapel, and charities L.45"

St Mary, Edwardstone
St Mary has as grand an approach as any Suffolk church. You enter the grounds of Edwardstone Hall through the great gateway on the road between Boxford and Little Waldingfield. But the Hall has gone now, so it is the church that seems to be at the centre of the surrounding park. Most Suffolk churches could not live up to this setting; but, although not well-known, St Mary is one of Suffolk's best small churches in an area of some of the grandest and most famous. I would squeeze it into my Top 30 if I could.
St Mary presents its north face to the drive, but you enter round the back through the brick south porch. The church you step into is alive with light and warmth. Look up at Suffolk's finest kingpost roof, or eastwards to G.F. Bodley's remarkably good chancel. This was one of the best Victorian restorations in Suffolk, although, like so many, it has been toned down in the years since.
The North aisle dates back to the early 15th century, and seems contemporary with the tower. This creates an unusual space within the church, as north aisles often can; since the Reformation deprived them of their liturgical function, they can make the chancel appear wildly off-centre, as if its placing against the south wall had some significance, which of course it doesn't. The width of the aisle here makes the nave appear almost square, and partitioned by the pretty arcade.
There are lots of little details that make this church attractive, moreso than nearby Groton. There are super chandeliers in the chancel and nave, and a fine jacobean pulpit, with a contemporary rood-loft door behind.
There is an excellent organ here, and when I last visited I stumbled on a recording session of Purcell's anthems. This lovely space gives instruments and voices a warm resonance, and the opportunity to attend a concert here should not be missed. Nor should the sentimental memorial to Benjamin Brand and his wife, who died within 12 days of each other shortly before the Civil War.
St Mary, Edwardstone, is located along the road between Boxford and Little Waldingfield. You won't easily miss the grand archway entrance.

Map of Edwardstone:

Henry married SIMONDS [2644], daughter of Thomas SIMONDS [2821].

General Notes:
Simonds is placed conjecturally as Henry's wife based on his Will giving Henry Simonds of Wenham, his brother-in-law responsibility for the maintenance and well-being of Henry's children to age 16. This further indicates Henry's wife is dead, she not being mentioned in the Will

An Ann Symonds [2820] married to William Alston abt 1506 in Newton, it is not unlikely she is related to Henry Simonds.

2017 - Mary Terbrack points out that in Pre-Reformation England brothers marrying sisters was contrary to Canon Law

Children from this marriage were:

+ 24 M    i. William ALSTON [2661] .

+ 25 M    ii. John ALSTON [2662] .

+ 26 F    iii. Elizabeth ALSTON [2663] .

+ 27 F    iv. Margery ALSTON [2664] .

+ 28 F    v. Bridget ALSTON [2665] .

+ 29 F    vi. Ann ALSTON [2666] .

+ 30 M    vii. Gregory ALSTON of Edwardstone [2645] was born about 1546, died before 24 Jun 1634, and was buried in Edwardstone SFK.

19. William ALSTON of Newton SFK [2819] (John of Newton Suffolk. [2826]17, William [11108]10, Thomas of Sudbury [433]6, Time Line 15thC [5993]4, Timeline 14th C [5990]3, Time Line 13th C [5992]2, Family Background [26914]1) was born about 1485 in Newton SFK and was buried on 30 Jan 1564 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK.

General Notes:
William was a prosperous landowner, resident upon and cultivating a considerable estate. His will is dated 18 Oct 1563, and was possibly made at the onset of an illness which proved fatal. In it he left the lease of the Manor of Newton to his son William, who however died in the same year. It was proved PCC 23 Oct 1567, and is the earliest Alston will from the PCC that Cresswell could locate at Somerset House.

The Lay Subsidy (Tax) return for Suffolk dated 1568 mentions William Alston of Newton worth 10 pds in goods to pay 8/4d tax.

Manor of Newton Hall.
In 1538 is found amoungst the Bodlean Charters (30 Hen VIII., Bodl. Ch. 358) a lease for 21 yrs by Margaret Pole the Countess of Sailsbury to William Alston of Newton of this manor, there called "Newton Manor al. Newton Hall" Probably the lease only related to lands held of the manor or the lease was an attempt by the countess to exercise a right of ownership.
There is however amoungst the Chancery Proceedings of Queen Elizabeth in 1598 a claim made under a lease brought by Henry Wynterfludd against William Alston snr and jnr to messuages in Newton holden of Thomas Barrowe as of his manor of Newton Hall in Newton by William Houge who granted the lease in question
The Manors of Suffolk pg 174

William Alston leased Priors from Margaret Countess of Sailsbury (no date), she was beheaded in 1541
Ref: Susan Perrett

Baberg Hundred Military Survey 1522
Newton - William Alston Husbondman in londes by yere 3/4d In movables L10/0/0

Will William Alston of Newton
18 Oct 1563
In the name of God, Amen. I Wylliam Alstone of Newton in the Com of Suff husbandman this xviijth daye of October 1563 do make and declare my last wyll and testament in maner and forme following ffryste I commend my Sowle to God my bodye to the yereth and at my buriall daye I wyll yt there shalbe bestowed at my funerall and amonge the poore
thanne x li whereof in Boxford xxs and Nayland xxs. And w' in one yere next after my decease I will there shalbe distributed amonge the poore people of Sudburye, Boxford, Nayland and Assingtone by my executors vjl. xiijs. iiijd.
Itm I wyll yt Alice Rose shall have duryng and by all the terme of her naturall lyfe wekely vjs. and at euerye Christemas one Smocke and a peticote to be payed and delyuered by my executors
It I geue and bequethe to Elizabeth my wyffe al my lands and tents comenly called and known by the name or names of Dallys, Newton house, Lokers and Cantyng wth all and synguler there appertenances for terme of her naturall lyfe and after her decease
I wyll yt all the Sayd Landes, tenets wt all and Singulars there appurtenances Shall remayne to Wylliam my Sonne duringe his lyfe and after theire decaase
I wyll yt all the p'mysses as well free as bonde shalbe sowle by my executors and Supvisors, or by so many of them, as so yt shall well assent and agre and all the money comying of yt shall be distributed amonge my children' children by the better aduise of those yt shall make the Sale.
It. I give and bequeath vnto my Sayd wyffe halfe my house howlde Stuff
and vtensiles of howshowlde vj my lope neate, v feeme of Barley, iij feemes of wheate xx Sheepe, one horse or gelding or iijlb in money for fire at her choyse and xlb in money, wch ten pound to be payed wt in two yeres nexte after my decease, in eyther yere a lyke p'tione by my Executors, and the sayd vj neate v seme of Barly iij seme of wheate xx Shepe and the Horse or Geldyng or thre pounde for him
I wyll shalbe payed and delyuered by my Sonne Wylliam only. In consyderatione whereof I do geve and bequeth vnto my sayd sonne William, my lease and terme of yeres of and in the maner of Newton wt
all the appertenances together wth all my Come, haye and stower, and all yt to my husbandye apperteyneth, as horses, Cattell, carts, plowes, and other necessaries whatsoever together wt the other halfe of my howsholde Stuffe and vtensils of howshoulde, my best bedde and the chest upon the Soller.
Item I give and bequeth vnto the sayd Wylliam all those my lands and tents wth all and singular there appertenances sett lyeng and being in Neylande, Boxforde and Hadlye fee or in Eyther of them, now of late in the tenure and occupancy of Wylliam Whyghting, John Sendale, and John Everrarde there assignes duringe and by all the terme of his naturall lyfe, and after his decease, I will yt all the laste recyted p'misses shall remayne to Wylliam the sonne of Edwarde my sonne and his heyrs for Ever.
It. I wyll yt the sayd Wylliam my sonne out of the p'misses during his lyfe shall beare and paye yerely towards the payments of these my legasyes iiijth.
It I geve and bequeth vnto my said sonne Wylliam and his heyrs my howese in Sudburye whh I purchased of Barred and my house in Newton called the Pores wth all the yeards, gardenes, and grounds to them or to eyther of them belonging and appertyning. And in respecte thereof I wyll yt my said sonne Wylliam his heyers or assignes for ever shall yerely paye or cause to be payed for and towards the relyse of the poore people of Sudburye xvjs. And to the pore people of Newton xs.
It. I geve unto Anne my daughter and her heyers my tents in Sudburye called the Bell wt all yt there to apperteyned and in moneye xl li to be payed wthin two yeres next after my Decease, in eyther yere a lyke p'tione
It I give to Alice my dawghter and to her heyers my two croftes in Cornarde wch I bowghte of Mr. Pastone and in money to be payed as before is appoynted for ever.
It. I geve to Alice her dawghter xx ponds at the Daye of her mariage, or at the age of xxii yeres whc shall fyrst happen.
It I wyll yt every servant in my howse at my decease aboue the age of xviij yeres shall have of my gyfte xxs. and being xviij or vnder vjs. viijd. and everye woman s'vante xs using them selves honestleye to me and myne Executors, euery of them for his or her parte.
It I geve to Thomas the Sonne of Edwarde my sonne and his heyers all
yt my tente called Waspes wth all all the grownds thereto belonging or appertyning now or late to the occupency of Robert Bartlow or his assignes, And I wyll yt any thinge before wreyghten not wth Standing yt the Sayd Robte John Harlod and Abl Lettell my tenaunts shall be clere acquited and discharged of the halfe yeres terme of there Generall portions wch shall happen next after my decease.
All the resedue of my goods Chattells redye money and detts I geve them to my executors whome I ordaine and make Edward and Wylliam my sonnes. And I ordeyne and make Supvisors thereof Thomas Barowe
Esquire and John Halte Gent and I geve to eytber of them v. pounde And yf any of the above named Legatoryes do disturbe, troble, or vexe my Executors in Executione of this my wyll, and testament, Then I wyll his or her Legacye shalbe wt howlden, and by the sayd Supvisors to pore people distributed for wyttness whereof I the said Wylliam the father, after I had harde all ye p'misses redd, dyd set herevnto my marke and desyered sunderye wyttnes to setto there marks also by me Thomas Barrowe, Wylliam Weste.
Probate granted by John Muriel, Commsy of Archdeanery of Sudbury 1st March 1563.
Alstoniana pg 152

Now follows a Will for William proved at PCC for probate granted 23 Oct 1567. Was the Sudbury probate in question?
Dated 18th October 1563.
In the name of god Amen. I William Alstone of Newton in the Countie of Suffolk, husbondman, this 18th day of October 1563 Do make and declare my last Will and testament in manner and form following.
First I commend my soul to god my body to the earth and my burial day I Will that there shall be bestowed at my funeral and amongst the poor L10 whereof in Boxford 20s. and Nayland 20s. and within one year next after my decease I Will there shall be distributed amongst the poor people of Sudbury Boxford Nayland and Assington by mine Executor L6. 8s. 4p.
Item I Will that Alice Rose shall have during and by all the term of her natural life weekly 6d. and at every Christmas a smoke and a petticote to be payed and delivered by mine Executors.
Item I give and bequethe to Elizabeth my wife all my lands and tenements commonly called or known by the name or names of Ballys Newton house lockers and cantings with all and singular there Appurtences for term of her natural life and after her decease I Will that all the said lands and tenements with all and singular there appurtences shall remain to William my son during his life and after there decease I Will all the premises as well free as bond shall be sold by my Executors and supervisors or by so many of them as to that sale will assent and agree and all the money comming of the Sale to be distributed amongst my Childrens Children by the better advise of those that shall make the sale.
Item I give and bequethe unto my said wife half my household stuff and utensils of household 6 milche nete five seam of Barley 3 seam of wheat 20 sheep, one horse or gelding or L3 in money for him at her choice and ten pounds in money, the said L3 to be paid within 2 years next after my decease in either year a like portion by mine Executors and the aforesaid 6 milche nete five seam Barley 3 seam wheat 20 sheep and the horse or gelding or L3 in money for him I will shall be payed and delivered by my son William only. In consideration where of I give and bequeathe unto my said son William my lease and term of years of and in the manor of Newton with all the appurtences together with all my corn hay and Stover and all that to my husbandry appertaineth as horse cattle carts ploughs and other necessaries whatsoever together with the other half of my household Stuffe and utensils of household my best bed and the chest on the soller.
Item I give and bequeathe unto the said William all those my lands and tenements with all and singular there appurtences set lying and being in Nayland Boxford and Hadleigh fee or in either of them now or late in the tenure and occupation of William Whiteing John Sendell and John Garrard or their assignes during and by all the term of his natural life and after his decease I Will that all the last recited promises shall remain to William the son of Edward my son and his heirs for ever.
Item I Will that the said William my son out of the promises duringe his life shall bear and pay yearly towards the payment of these my legacies L3
Item I give and bequeathe unto my said son William and his heirs my tenement in Sudbury which I purchased of Burrell and my tenement in Newton called Priors with all the yards gardens and grounds to them or either of them belonging or appertaining and in respect therof I Will that my said son William his heirs or assigns for ever shall yearly pay or cause to be payed for and towards the relief of the poor people of Sudbury 16s. and of the poor people of Newton 10s.
Item I give unto Anne my Daughter and her heirs my Tenenent in Sudbury called the Bell with all that therto appertaineth and in money L15 to be paid within two years next after my decease in either year a like portion
Item I give to Alice my Daughter and her heirs my two Crofts in Cornard which I bought of Mr. Paston and in money L15 to be payed as before is appointed for Anne.
Item I give to Alice her daughter L20 at the day of her mariage or at the age of 22 years which shall first happen.
Item I Will that every man-servant in my house at my decease above the age of 18 years shall have as of my gift 20s. and being 18 or under 6s. 8d. and every woman-sevant 5s. using themselves honestly to me and my Executors every of them for his or her private.
Item I give to Thomas the son of Edward my son and his heirs all my tenement called Waspes with all the grounds thereto belonging or appertaining now or late in the occupayion of Robert Bartlott or his assigns and I Will that anything before written not with standinge the said Robert John Harland and Alice Kettell my tenants shall be clear acquited and discharged of the half year farm of there several portion wich shall happen next after my decease.
All the Residue of my goods and chattels ready money and debts I give them to my executors whom I ordain and make Edward and William my sons and I ordain and make Supervisors there of Thomas Barrow esquire and John Holt gent and I give to either of them L5 and if any of the above named legatories do disturb trouble or vext myne executors in execution of this my Will and Testament that I will his or her legacy shall be witholden and by the said supervisors to the poor people distributed for witness whereof I ye said William ye father after I had hard all ye promises read ded set hereunto my mark and desired Sondry witnesses to set their marks also.
By me Thomas Barrowe, by me Thomas Weste.
Proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury before Walter Haddon, Doctor of Laws, by Edward Alston Executor on the 23rd October, 1567.
Stanarde 27.
This Will has been somewhat translated from the Old English style.
Page 87 Alstoniana.
Copy of original Will on this file

Research Notes:
Lionel Cresswell
Page 3
Stemmata Alstoniata
There is some doubt as to the number of times William was married. In the pedigree registered by one of his great great grandsons, William Alston of Odell at the Heralds' Visitation of Bedfordshire in 1634 his wife is said to have been (Ann), the daughter of (Thomas) Simonds, and her arms are given as " Azure a chevron inter 3 trefoiles slipped d'or."(r) The inclusion of the Christian names within brackets indicates some uncertainty about them, and that about the name Ann is strengthened by the patriarch's mention in his will of his " wyffe Elizabethe" without any reference to a previous marriage. It is not unusual for a trifling vagueness to exist about great great grandparents surnames, to say nothing of their Christian names, and it may not have occured to the Odell family to verify their pedigree by reference to their ancestor's will, even if facilities for doing so were then allowed. On consideration I have decided to regard Ann as a misnomer, and William to have had only one wife-Elizabeth Simonds. This view is supported by Elizabeth's will, to which her son Edward was executor. William Alston died in the winter of 1563/4, his burial being recorded in the Newton registers as having taken place on the 30th January. Husband and wife were not long divided by death, for although no entry of her burial has been found, her will in which she describes herself as widow is dated 14th May, 1564/5, and was proved on the 30th of the following month (June), in the Archdeaconry of Sudbury. William Alston's will is dated 18th October, 1563, being made probably at the beginning of the illness which terminated fatally.
It was proved on the 23rd October, 1567, in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, and is notable as being the earliest Alston will among the testamentary archives of that Court now in the safe keeping of Somerset House. . . . . .

Accordingly Cresswell has concluded that Ann is a misnomer, and William was not twice married. However the IGI records the marriage (unproven) of William Alston of Newton to Ann Symonds abt 1506 and the researcher E L Fenn has taken a view that Ann was his wife, and a mother of his children.

Map of Newton:

William held land named Crekys in Newton area in 1514 which had prior to this been held by a John Alston
BURY ST. EDMUNDS AND WEST SUFFOLK RECORD OFFICE Received from Mr. L A. Sheppard, 55 Park Town, Oxford, per the East Suffolk Record Office. Ac. 869 .
Thomas Gosse, son of John Gosse, at instance of Joan Medevryn, widow or Thomas Medewyn formerly of Newton, and Robert Rowge, executors of the will of the same Thomas Medewyn to Thomas Bonham Esq., Stephen Roose and William Taylour. A messuage and three pieces of land in Newton. The aforesaid messuage with garden called Pryours lying between a tenement, once of John Fuller now of Thomas Warner, and the common pasture called Newton Hethe, with one head abutting on the way leading from the Rectory there towards the Church of Newton, the other head abutting on land once of John Wyffyn called Santerescroft now called Town Croft. The first piece of land was formerly built upon with a messuage, contains one acre and lies between land once of Peter Jurdon afterwards of Richard Mody, then of Andrew Halys and now of Thomas Hale on both sides and abuts at one head on lands pertaining to the tenement called Crekys once of Richard Croke then of JOHN ALSTON and now of WILLIAM ALSTON and at the other head on the highway leading from Sudbury to Assington. The second piece of land contains half an acre lying in the field called Outefeld viz; between land of the Rectory of Newton and land pertaining to a tenament called Colles pertaining to the chantry founded in Acton, with one head abutting on land of the same tenement called Colles, the other head abutting on land called Basely otherwise Crookes formerly of Robert Donyng now of John White. The third piece of land formerly was called a garden and contains 1 rood of land and lies between the common pasture called Newton Heath and land of the manor called Newton Hall called Yves Croftes. These premises Thomas Gosse formerly held jointly with Thomas Medewyn of Newton, Isabella his wife, John Deene, gent., Richard Smyth, jun. , and JOHN ALSTON, NOW DECEASED, of the feoffment of Richard Gosse of Newton, Grinenilde, his wife, John Gosse and Edward (or Edmund?) Waspe as appears in a certain charter then made. Having and holding to Thomas Bonham, Stephen (Roose) and William Taylour, their heirs and assigns, to the use of Thomas Bonham and his heirs 2 August, 1514. (1 parchment document, seal of Thomas Gosse missing).

Noted events in his life were:

1. Alstons of Odell Pedigree: Bedfordshire Visitation, 1634.

2. All Saints Newton & District: Primitive Fresco of Annunciation, Botelier Family Tomb, Local Map.

William married Ann (Elizabeth) SYMONDS [2820], daughter of Thomas SIMONDS [2821], about 1506 in Newton SFK. Ann died in 1564 in Newton SFK and was buried in May 1564 in Newton SFK.

General Notes:
The Visitations of Bedfordshire for 1566, 1582 and 1636 give the following;- (Ann) daughter of (Thomas) Simonds. Azur, a chevron inter 3 trefoils slipped d'or.
From Harl. MS. No. 1390 in Brit. Mus. Arms of Simonds wife of Wm. Alston-a chevron between 3 trefoils.

Dated 14th May 1564.
In Dei Nomine Amen.
The xiiijth (14th) day of May in the year of our Lord God 1564 and in the sixth year of the reign of our Soverign Lady Elizabeth Queen of England etc. etc.
I Elizabeth Alston of Newton in the Countie of Suffolk in the Diocese of Norwich widow do order and make this my last Will and Testement in manner and form following:
That is to say first I commend my soul into the hands of Almighty God and my body to be buried.
I give to Alice Rose one flock bed and one pair of sheets at my son William and one pair of blankets and one covering that is at my son Edward, the discretion of my Executors.
I give to the relief of the poor in this town xxs (10s).
I give to Syselye. . . . . one garment by the discretion of my Executors.
I give to Hardcodes wife and Clouers wife each of them a garment and also give to them each one load of wood at the discretion of my Executors.
I give to the poor of this town all the wood it is felled for my fuel at the discretion of my Executors.
I give to Edward my son all my wheat and barley that is in my son William his hand undelivered or any other thing of houshold that I ought to have by my husband's Will and all such sums of money as I should have by the gift and bequest of William Alston my late husband.
The each of all my goods unbequeathed I give to Edward my son whom I make my Executor.
Proved at Achrdeaconry of Sudbury 11th June 1564.
Winesses - John Winterflud and Richard Crowe.

Alstoniana pg 152
[this Will has been translated from the Old English style]

Elizabeth may have been a second wife of William?

Children from this marriage were:

+ 31 M    i. Edward ALSTON Lord of Sayham [2795] was born in 1507 in Newton SFK and was buried on 14 Nov 1592 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK.

+ 32 M    ii. William ALSTON of Middleton Co ESS [2822] was born about 1509 in Middleton ESS and died about 1565 aged about 56.

+ 33 M    iii. Robert ALSTON [2823] was born about 1511 in Newton SFK.

+ 34 F    iv. Anne ALSTON [2824] was born about 1513 in Newton SFK and died after 1 Feb 1564.

+ 35 F    v. Alice ALSTON [2825] was born about 1515 in Newton SFK and died after 1 Feb 1564.

20. John ALSTON of Cavendish SFK [4900] (John of Newton Suffolk. [2826]17, William [11108]10, Thomas of Sudbury [433]6, Time Line 15thC [5993]4, Timeline 14th C [5990]3, Time Line 13th C [5992]2, Family Background [26914]1) was born about 1500 and died after 1524.

General Notes:
The placement of John (a stray) here is that he is noticed in this period.

1524 Suffolk Green Book Lay Subsidy Returns;
John Alston of Cavendish: L2 in goods Tax 1/-

Baberg Hundred Military Survey 1522.
Cavendysshe - John Alston labourer in movables L4/0/0

21. John ALSTON of Brent Eleigh SFK [4901] (John of Newton Suffolk. [2826]17, William [11108]10, Thomas of Sudbury [433]6, Time Line 15thC [5993]4, Timeline 14th C [5990]3, Time Line 13th C [5992]2, Family Background [26914]1) was born about 1500.

General Notes:
The placement of John (a stray) here, is that he is noticed in this period.

1524 Suffolk Green Book Lay Subsidy Returns;
John Alston of Cavendish: L2 in goods Tax 1/- to be checked this may be a typo? see [4900]

Baberg Hundred Military Survey 1522.
Brent Yllygh - John Alston wever in movables L6/0/0

22. Edward ALSTON [8324] (John of Newton Suffolk. [2826]17, William [11108]10, Thomas of Sudbury [433]6, Time Line 15thC [5993]4, Timeline 14th C [5990]3, Time Line 13th C [5992]2, Family Background [26914]1) was born before 1568.

General Notes:
The placement of Edward is completely conjectural to keep him in mind in this period. Edward Alston is recorded in the Lay Subsidy (Tax) return for Suffolk for 1568 as: Edward Alston of Edwardston worth 18 pds in goods to pay tax of 15/-

23. Thomas ALSTON (ALLSTON) [8326] (John of Newton Suffolk. [2826]17, William [11108]10, Thomas of Sudbury [433]6, Time Line 15thC [5993]4, Timeline 14th C [5990]3, Time Line 13th C [5992]2, Family Background [26914]1) was buried on 8 Dec 1595 in Shotley SFK.

General Notes:
Thomas is solely placed here to keep him in view as a stray in this period

Shotley Parish Registers 8 Dec 1595 Thomas Alston married man buried

Shotley - General records of the Parish
Will No 80 Thomas Stratton of Kyrketon Nov 1596 English.
Proved at London 3 Jul 1590 by Thomas Alston executor - PCC 48 Drury

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