The Kings Candlesticks - Family Trees
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Daniel BELL [15280]
David BARCLAY [1995]
(1682-1769)
Priscilla FREAME [15281]
(1702-1769)
Daniel BELL of Stamford MDX [1989]
(Abt 1726-1802)
Catherine BARCLAY [1990]
(1727-1784)

Priscilla BELL [1641]
(1751-1832)

 

Family Links

Spouses/Children:
1. Edward WAKEFIELD [1640]

Priscilla BELL [1641]

  • Born: 31 Jan 1750/51, Tottenham MDX
  • Marriage (1): Edward WAKEFIELD [1640] on 3 Jan 1771 in Tottenham High Rd Meeting House LND MDX
  • Died: 12 Sep 1832, Albion Hill ENG aged 81
picture

bullet  General Notes:


Priscilla was author of many childrens books. She travelled the country establishing Savings Banks (Frugality Societies) for the poor, the forerunner of todays institutions, and Lying-in Charities. An Obituary is in "Gentlemans Magazine" 1832.
An inkstand presented to her when leaving Tottenham was in the possession of her lineal descendant Irma O'Connor in New Zealand in 1914.

Priscilla Bell was born on 20 Jan 1750 at Stamford Hill, Tottenham, Middlesex, England, the daughter of Daniel Bell of Stamford Hill, a coal merchant, and Catherine [Katharine] Barclay.
The Quaker birth record reads:
"Priscilla Daughter of Danl. Bell Junr & Katharine his wife of Tottenham high Coo?s was born the twentieth day of the 11/mo 1750 Witne?ses at the sd Birth Frances Bell, Eliza Bell, Priscilla Barclay Senr, Priscilla Barclay Junr, Lucy Barclay."

Her mother, Katharine, was a member of the affluent Barclay clan and is said to have frequently attended the theatre. Her father, Daniel Bell, was keen on foxhunting and became an amateur naturalist. Although his wife's family purchased land and a coal business for him, his recreational activities seem to have taken precedence over matters of business.
She was a great granddaughter of Robert Barclay who wrote the Quaker Apology in 1676.

Priscilla Bell married on 3 Jan 1771 at Tottenham, Middlesex, England to Edward Wakefield (1749-1826)
Edward Wakefield was born on 31 Aug 1749 in Lad Lane (now Gresham St), Laurence Jewry, London, Middlesex, England,
"Edward Wakefield Priscilla Bell -Tottenham in Middlesex the 3rd of the 1st Month 1771
Edward Wakefield of Lad Lane London Merchant, Son of Edwd Wakefield of the same place Merchant deceased and Isabella his wife, him surviving, and Priscilla Bell daughter of Daniel Bell of Stamford Hill in Middlesex, Coal Merchant, and Catherine his Wife, Having declared their intention of taking each other in Marriage before several Meetings of the People called Quakers in London and Tottenham in the County aforesaid and the Proceedings of the said Edward Wakefield and Priscilla Bell after due Enquiry and deliberate Consideration thereof were allowed by the said Meetings ..."

Priscilla Bell was a member of the Society of Friends and conformed to their religious practices, but did not observe their restrictions in regard either to dress or to abstinence from amusements
"By 1777 it was apparent that the [Tottenham] meeting house was too small for the growing number of attendants. The building was enlarged at the cost of 484, money mostly collected from local Quaker donations, plus 8 from the sale of old material. Tottenham Quakers attended Winchmore Hill and Enfield during these renovations." The Tottenham "meeting-house was apparently the only fixed place of worship for nonconformists in the parish until the 1790s.

"Edward had inherited a considerable fortune from his father, which he lost in industrial ventures and financial gambles."
"1797 To compensate for the state of Edward's finances, Priscilla resolved to write, in order to make some income on which she can rely."
The following statement precedes the TS version of Priscilla's journal. The source is not stated.
"[Edward] seems in fact to have been entirely lacking, not only in business capacity, (for his life as far as we know it, is little more than a record of failures) but also in the strength of mind to meet misfortune bravely, or bear it patiently".

Priscilla wrote mainly to help support her family as her husband, Edward Wakefield, had many financial misfortunes. Priscilla Bell became the author of more than a dozen works, mainly directed towards children, including:

. Juvenile Anecdotes 1795
. Reflections on the Present Condition of the Females Sex, with Suggestions for its Improvement 1798
. Juvenile Travellers 1801
. Introduction to Botany 1801
. Family Tour through the British Empire 1804
. Introduction to the Natural History and Classification of Insects 1816

"Mrs Wakefield was eminent for her philanthropic undertakings. She was one of the earliest promoter of penny savings banks, establishing several under the name 'frugality banks' including one of the first savings banks in existence 1798 in Ship Yard Inn Tottenham"
Up until then there was no place for poor people to save or to borrow money.
She also pioneered a lying-in charity for women [1791], and an industrial school.

It appears that Priscilla may have spent some time in a private asylum about 1812-1813:
"She is reported to have been a patient in a madhouse for a period. After this, her son, also Edward Wakefield, visited madhouses throughout the country and promoted the idea of a London Asylum based on Jeremy Bentham's Panopticon scheme."

Description of the Crimes and Horrors in the interior of Warburton's Private Madhouse says "Mrs Wakefield, a well known authoress, was, by her keeperess, "dragged by the hair and beat her head repeatedly against the wall, and then tying her legs, flogged her as children are flogged at school, in the presence of half a dozen monsters in the shape of men.""

Edward Wakefield is said to have died on "18 Aug 1826" at Ipswich, Suffolk, England and was buried there on "23 Aug 1826". Both of these events probably occurred in November 1826.

The Quaker dates are confusing, they record the eighth month as October (Octo=8) not August, see below.

"At the time of her husband's death, two of the grandchildren she had helped to bring up were sent to prison for three years for abducting an heiress."
"In this year [1826], two of his grandsons, Edward Gibbon Wakefield and William Wakefield, abducted a young heiress, Ellen Turner, from her boarding school and, under false pretences, persuaded her to marry Edward in Scotland (the marriage was annulled). Edward Gibbon and William were sent to prison. [external link]. Whilst in Newgate, Edward Gibbon Wakefield wrote a series of works on the theory of colonisation and after prison he made his career as a colonial statesman in connection with South Australia, New Zealand and Canada. His scheme for South Australia nearly ruined the colony."

Priscilla Wakefield, nee Bell, died in the house of her daughter, Mrs Head on Albion Hill, Ipswich on 12 Sep 1832 at Ipswich, Suffolk, England.

This above-recorded date is again misleading. It is recorded as occurring on the "twelfth day of the ninth month 1832". The Quakers saw the ninth month as November (Novem = 9). So she died 12 Nov 1832 and was buried on 20 Nov 1832 in the Friends' burial ground, New Meeting House, Ipswich, Suffolk, England.

"To Stephen Ramplen Grave Maker The 17th Day of the 9th Month [Nov] 1932. Make a grave on or before the Fifth Day in Friends' Burial Ground near the New Meeting House in Ipswich and therein lay the body of Priscilla Wakefield of Ipswich in the Country of Suffolk Widow of Edward Wakefield late of Ipswich aged about Eighty two years who died the twelfth Day of the Ninth Month [Nov] One thousand Eight Hundred and Thirty two.. Wm. Roberts. The Body abovementioned was buried the twentieth day of the Ninth Month [Nov] 1832. Witness Stephen Ramplen Grave Maker."

A portrait of Mrs Wakefield and her sister Mrs Gurney painted by Gainsborough was exhibited at South Kensington in 1868
A portrait lithograph is in the London Friends' Institute.

Ref: David M Fox originally shared this on 02 Jan 2017 Ancestry.

Quaker months
The Quakers wanted to eradicate all the Pagan names of months and so they instead used a numeral (i-xii) or number (1-12) for each month:

i March 1st month [Pagan named for Mars god of war]
ii April 2nd month [Pagan name probably from Aphrodite]
iii May 3rd month [Pagan name from Maia goddess of spring]
iv June 4th month [Pagan named for Juno queen of the gods]
v July 5th month [Pagan named after Julius Caesar 44 BC but originally named Quintils=5]
vi August 6th month [Pagan named after Augustus Caesar 8 BC but originally named Sextilis=6]
vii September 7th month [acceptable based on Septem=7]
viii October 8th month [acceptable based on Octo=8]
ix November 9th month [acceptable based on Novem=9]
x December 10th month [acceptable based on Decem=10]
xi January 11th month [Pagan named for Janus god of beginnings]
xii February 12th month [Pagan name Februa, the feast of purification]

After the changes to a Gregorian Calendar 1752, the Quakers continued to begin their year on 25 March and any date before 25th March was in the previous year.


picture

Priscilla married Edward WAKEFIELD [1640] [MRIN: 538], son of Edward WAKEFIELD [1642] and Isabella GIBBON [1643], on 3 Jan 1771 in Tottenham High Rd Meeting House LND MDX. (Edward WAKEFIELD [1640] was born on 31 Aug 1749 in Lad Lane Lawrence Jewry London and died on 18 Aug 1826 in Ipswich SFK.)


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