Henry Lee Hadwen SHUTTLEWORTH 
- Born: 14 May 1882, Scotforth LAN
- Christened: 11 Jul 1882, St Thomas Lancaster LAN
- Marriage (1): Inez Esther Dorothea MACGILLYCUDDY  in Aug 1915 in St Swithuns Bournemouth
- Died: 28 Feb 1960, New Delhi India aged 77
- Buried: Nicholson Cemetery Old Delhi India
Cause of his death was complications from diarrhoea.
Henry Lee Hadwen Shuttleworth
Baptism Date:11 Jul 1882
Parish:Lancaster, St Thomas, Lancashire, England
Father:George Edward Shuttleworth
Mother:Edith Mary Shuttleworth
Register Type:Parish Registers
Reference Number:Pr 3269/1/2
Lee had a distinguished career with the Indian Civil Service, and was an expert on Western Himalaya, and Tibetan dialects. Was A.C. Kulu 1917-19 then 1923-24 and an eminent photographer of the area.
"Kulu the end of the inhabited world" by Penelope Chetwode. (See below)
"Mr H. Lee Shuttleworth, I.C.S., was A.C. Kulu from 1917 to 1919 and again from 1923 to 1924, another passionate devotee of the Western Himalaya, who began his career at a time when the sketching phase was nearing its end and was being replaced by photography with those enormous plate cameras, each of which needed two porters to carry them and their appurtenances over the mountain ranges.
Mr Lee Shuttleworth always toured with his camera and now his magnificent collection of photographs of the Western Himalaya is in the possession of his widow, my friend Inez Shuttleworth, to whom I am much indebted for many things.
Sir Michael O'Dwyer who, as Lieutenant-Governor of the Punjab, was responsible for appointing Shuttleworth as A.C. Kulu in 1917, once said that one of his reasons for the appointment was the fact that the maiden name of Mrs Shuttleworth was MacGillicuddy of the Reeks, and I thought a young lady who at home was in the habit of running up MacGillicuddy's Reeks would equally be at home at 18,000 feet in the Himalayas. His belief proved wellfounded, for Inez accompanied her husband all over the Kulu sub-division, including the remote Tibetan border provinces of Lahul and Spiti, with their high passes up to 18,000 feet. In addition to the photographs, Inez lent me a bound volume containing her husband's collected articles and published lectures for which I can never be sufficiently grateful. After his retirement from the service Lee Shuttleworth was for twenty years a part-time lecturer in Tibetan dialects at the London School of Oriental Studies."
However Y Laurent, making a study of the area and Lee Shuttleworth observes in his work in 2017: Little is known about Shuttleworth's scholarly contribution to the history of Spiti. In fact, modern scholarship has often overlooked the long and meandering history of this remote Buddhist valley, taking very little notice of Shuttleworth's legacy.
Pages 1 & 2 - Henry Lee Shuttleworth The History of Spiti - see "Books" section and below.
LEE'S CONFESSIONS c 1900 (aged 18)
MY FAVOURITE VIRTUE: Energy
MY IDEA OF HAPPINESS: Having plenty of interesting work to do
MY IDEA OF MISERY: Being without books
MY FAVOURITE OCCUPATION: Reading poetry
MY FAVOURITE COLOUR: Blue
MY FAVOURITE FLOWER: Red rose
MY FAVOURITE POETS: Dante, Shakespear, Lucretius, Hausr. . . . .
MY FAVOURITE PROSE AUTHORS: Ruskin Plato Emerson Milton
MY FAVOURITE PAINTER: Giotto Turner Rossetti Velasque
MY FAVOURITE FOOD: Porridge
MY FAVOURITE NAMES: Harry Wilfred May
MY PET AVERSION: Exams, 7-30 am at Oxford
MY FAVOURITE MOTTO: "Mens arqua in ardius"
The classical moderators at Oxford have issued the following award of honours:
Class 2 . . . . . Henry L. H. Shuttleworth, Pembroke; . . . . .
Ref: Sheffield Daily Telegraph 20 April 1903.
The Classical Greats List.
Oxford August 4, 1905
the examiners in the final classical school have issued the following award of honours:
Class 2 . . . . . Henry L. H. Shuttleworth, Pembroke; . . . . .
Ref: London Daily News 5 August 1905.
Henry Lee Hawden Shuttleworth, born 14th May 1881, only son of George Edward Shuttleworth, MD Physician. Attended Shrewsbury School and matriculated at Pembroke in the Michaelmas Term of 1901 on an open exhibition (similar to a scholarship). He obtained a 2nd class degree in Litterae Humaniores (Classics) on 21 Oct 1905 and his MA on 16 Jun 1910. He worked in the Indian Civil Service.
During his time here, he occupied firstly a ground floor room in our 'Old Quad' at a termly rent of L5.5s and, for his second and third years, a 3rd floor room in Chapel Quad at a rent of L4.18s.
Ref: Reproduced by kind permission of the Master, Fellows and Scholars of Pembroke College, Oxford
To understand Lee & Inez Shuttleworth more fully it is important to read Yannick Laurent's publication "Henry Lee Shuttleworth - The History of Spiti." Ref <http://himalaya.socanth.cam.ac.uk/collections/journals/ret/pdf/ret_41_02.pdf> (See "Books" section)
For those seeking an even deeper understanding of this part of the world and its ancient culture see:
"On Ma and Epigraphy - Four Stone Inscriptions from Spiti" - Yannick Laurent, Wolfson College, Oxford 2017.
A rather more earthy depiction of this region is provided by Penelope Chetwode's work, "Kulu - The End of the Habitable World".
Camelot Press 1972; o 7195 2431 8 (Penelope was the wife of Sir John Betjeman poet laureate to whom the book is dedicated)
Shuttleworth's last message to his family is dated 8th February, 1960. In it, we learn of his aborted trip to Northeast India. With the intention to visit the Tibetan refugee camp at Tezpur and some tea estates near Kaziranga National Park in Assam, the seventy-eight year old traveller was stopped at Shillong in Meghalaya due to 'bad diarrhoea'. Abandoning his plans, Shuttleworth turned round and travelled back to Delhi. Shuttleworth never recovered and eventually passed away from complications on 28th February, 1960. Like many "distinguished servants of the old Indian Empire" Shuttleworth was buried in General Nicholson's cemetery in Old Delhi.
Ref: Courtesy of Yannick Laurent. (2017) Henry Lee Shuttleworth (1882-1960) and the History of Spiti. In Revue d'Études Tibétaines, 41, 1-55. http://himalaya.socanth.cam.ac.uk/collections/journals/ret/pdf/ret_41_02.pdf
Shuttleworth Henry Lee Hadwen of the Redhouse Cavendish near Sudbury Suffolk died 28 February 1960 at New Delhi India. Probate London 8 June 1962 Inez Esther Dorothea Shuttleworth widow.
Effects L922 5s 4d
National Probate Calendar
In May 2016 a conference was convened by Yannick Laurent, archaeologist and Tibetologist of Wolfson College Oxford, titled "First International Conference on Spiti: Recovering the Past & Exploring the Present" The Spiti area is rich in Buddhist history, architecture and art, which deeply interested Lee Shuttleworth when he was AC Kulu early last century. Lee produced a large photographic record of the region, now held by the British Library, and became expert in the local languages.
For more information contact:
University of Oxford
OXFORD OX2 6UD
Images Shuttleworth Collection courtesy British Library and family.
1. Census: England, 5 Apr 1891, Royal Albert Asylum Scotforth Lancashire. Henry is recorded as a son aged 8 a scholar under tuition born Scotforth LAN
2. Census: England, 31 Mar 1901, Shrewsbury School St Juliun SAL. Lee is recorded as pupil boarding at Shrewsbury Sch aged 18 born Scotforth LAN
3. Lee Shuttleworth. At Pembroke College, his wedding in 1915, at home with his dog
4. Lee Shuttleworth. camped in the Kulu Valley, an ancient Temple Kulu, The Rohtang Pass (3,900m) looking down the Kulu Valley. This Pass divides the Kulu & Spiti Valleys. Dunkar Village Spiti, A Yak in Spiti Valley.
Henry married Inez Esther Dorothea MACGILLYCUDDY  [MRIN: 829], daughter of Neil MACGILLYCUDDY  and Hedwige Anna Adolphina JANASZ , in Aug 1915 in St Swithuns Bournemouth. (Inez Esther Dorothea MACGILLYCUDDY  was born on 13 Feb 1890 in Bournemouth DOR and died on 30 Oct 1977.)