Sir Henry Austen LAYARD GCB PC 
- Born: 5 Mar 1817, Paris BS France.
- Marriage (1): Mary Enid Evelyn GUEST  on 9 Mar 1869 in Hanover Sq Westminster LND
- Died: 5 Jul 1894, London aged 77
- Buried: Gt Canford DOR
Another name for Henry was Austen Henry.
In a Henry Austen Layard biography he said the inspiration for his adventures was the book Arabian Nights he read as a child.
Sir Austen Henry Layard GCB PC. 1817 - 1894
Was an English traveller, archaeologist, cuneiformist, art historian, draughtsman, collector, politician and diplomat. He is best known as the excavator of Nimrud and of Nineveh, where he uncovered a large proportion of the Assyrian palace reliefs known, and in 1851 the library of Ashurbanipal.
Layard was born in Paris, France, to a family of Huguenot descent. His father, Henry Peter John Layard, of the Ceylon Civil Service, was the son of Charles Peter Layard, Dean of Bristol, and grandson of Daniel Peter Layard the physician. Through his mother, Marianne, daughter of Nathaniel Austen, banker, of Ramsgate, his English descent was consolidated. His uncle was Benjamin Austen, a London solicitor and close friend of Benjamin Disraeli in the 1820s and 1830s. Edgar Leopold Layard the ornithologist was his brother.
Much of Layard's boyhood was spent in Italy, where he received part of his schooling, and acquired a taste for the fine arts and a love of travel; but he was at school also in England, France and Switzerland. After spending nearly six years in the office of his uncle, Benjamin Austen, he was tempted to leave England for Sri Lanka (Ceylon) by the prospect of obtaining an appointment in the Civil Service, and he started in 1839 with the intention of making an overland journey across Asia.
After wandering for many months, chiefly in Persia, with Bakhtiari people and having abandoned his intention of proceeding to Ceylon, he returned in 1842 to Constantinople, where he made the acquaintance of Sir Stratford Canning, the British Ambassador, who employed him in various unofficial diplomatic missions in European Turkey. In 1845, encouraged and assisted by Canning, Layard left Constantinople to make those explorations among the ruins of Assyria with which his name is chiefly associated. This expedition was in fulfilment of a design which he had formed when, during his former travels in the East, his curiosity had been greatly excited by the ruins of Nimrud on the Tigris, and by the great mound of Kuyunjik, near Mosul, already partly excavated by Paul-Émile Botta.
Excavations and the arts
Layard remained in the neighbourhood of Mosul, carrying on excavations at Kuyunjik and Nimrud, and investigating the condition of various peoples, until 1847; and, returning to England in 1848, published Nineveh and its remains : with an account of a visit to the Chaldean Christians of Kurdistan, and the Yezidis, or devil worshippers; and an inquiry into the manners and arts of the ancient Assyrians. (2 vols., 1848 -1849).
To illustrate the antiquities described in this work he published a large folio volume of The Monuments of Nineveh. From Drawings Made on the Spot (1849). After spending a few months in England, and receiving the degree of D.C.L. from the University of Oxford and the Founder's Gold Medal of the Royal Geographical Society, Layard returned to Constantinople as attaché to the British embassy, and, in August 1849, started on a second expedition, in the course of which he extended his investigations to the ruins of Babylon and the mounds of southern Mesopotamia. He is credited with discovering the Library of Ashurbanipal during this period. His record of this expedition, Discoveries in the Ruins of Nineveh and Babylon, which was illustrated by another folio volume, called A Second Series of the Monuments of Nineveh, was published in 1853. During these expeditions, often in circumstances of great difficulty, Layard despatched to England the splendid specimens which now form the greater part of the collection of Assyrian antiquities in the British Museum.
Also paintings at the National Gallery. https://www.nationalgallery.org.uk/collectors/austen-henry-layard
Layard believed that the native Syriac Christian communities living throughout the Near East were descended from the ancient Assyrians.
Apart from the archaeological value of his work in identifying Kuyunjik as the site of Nineveh, and in providing a great mass of materials for scholars to work upon, these two books of Layard were among the best written books of travel in the English language.
Layard was an important member of the Arundel Society. During 1866 Layard founded "Compagnia Venezia Murano" and opened a venetian glass showroom in London at 431 Oxford Street. Today Pauly & C. - Compagnia Venezia Murano is one of the most important brands of venetian art glass production. In 1866 he was appointed a trustee of the British Museum.
Layard now turned to politics. Elected as a Liberal member for Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire in 1852, he was for a few weeks Under-Secretary for Foreign Affairs, but afterwards freely criticised the government, especially in connection with army administration. He was present in the Crimea during the war, and was a member of the committee appointed to inquire into the conduct of the expedition. In 1855 he refused from Lord Palmerston an office not connected with foreign affairs, was elected lord rector of Aberdeen university, and on 15 June moved a resolution in the House of Commons (defeated by a large majority) declaring that in public appointments merit had been sacrificed to private influence and an adherence to routine. After being defeated at Aylesbury in 1857, he visited India to investigate the causes of the Indian Mutiny. He unsuccessfully contested York in 1859, but was elected for Southwark in 1860, and from 1861 to 1866 was Under-Secretary for Foreign Affairs in the successive administrations of Lord Palmerston and Lord John Russell. After the Liberals returned to office in 1868 under William Ewart Gladstone, Layard was made First Commissioner of Works and sworn of the Privy Council.
The Right Honourable Sir Austen Henry Layard GCB
Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
12 February 1852 - 21 February 1852
First Commissioner of Works
9 December 1868 - 26 October 1869
Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire
1877 - 1880
Layard resigned from office in 1869, on being sent as envoy extraordinary to Madrid. In 1877 he was appointed by Lord Beaconsfield Ambassador at Constantinople, where he remained until Gladstone's return to power in 1880, when he finally retired from public life. In 1878, on the occasion of the Berlin Congress, he was appointed a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath.
Retirement in Venice
Layard retired to Venice. There he took up residence in the sixteenth-century palazzo on the grand canal named Ca Cappello, just behind Campo San Polo, and which he had commissioned historian Rawdon Brown, another long-time British resident of Venice, to purchase for him in 1874. In Venice he devoted much of his time to collecting pictures of the Venetian school, and to writing on Italian art. On this subject he was a disciple of his friend Giovanni Morelli, whose views he embodied in his revision of Franz Kugler's Handbook of Painting, Italian Schools (1887). He wrote also an introduction to Constance Jocelyn Ffoulkes's translation of Morelli's Italian Painters (1892 - 1893), and edited that part of Murray's Handbook of Rome (1894) which deals with pictures. In 1887 he published, from notes taken at the time, a record of his first journey to the East, entitled Early Adventures in Persia, Susiana and Babylonia. An abbreviation of this work, which as a book of travel is even more delightful than its predecessors, was published in 1894, shortly after the author's death, with a brief introductory notice by Lord Aberdare. Layard also from time to time contributed papers to various learned societies, including the Huguenot Society, of which he was first president. He died in London and is buried in Dorset.
Paraphrased from Layard of Nineveh by Gordon Waterfield.
By Jane Layard Herasimenko - 2018
"His parents: Henry Peter John Layard (who initially went to Ceylon but had to return to Ramsgate having developed such bad asthma) and shortly after (summer of 1815) married Marianne Austen daughter of Nathanial Austen banker, at the Church of the St. Lawrence. Her brother was Benjamin Austen, a London solicitor and close friend of Benjamin Disraeli in the 1820s and 1830s
They did not have much money so decided to live in France......their first son Henry was born in a hotel on the left bank of Parish on 5 March 1817 When they returned to Ramsgate in July Henry Austen was baptised....later three other boys Frederick, Arthur and Edgar were born.
In search of a place where Henry Sr. could live and his asthma would improve they tried Bath, Moulins, Switzerland and Pisa, Florence was found to be the best.......however, Henry Sr. entertained generously having become accustomed to the Ceylon life style.
Due to lack of funds, Henry Jr. went to work at the age of 16 at a solicitor's office.....he was bored stiff and left in 1839 with a companion setting off to ride to Ceylon in search of a more adventurous job. Though his companion did arrive in Ceylon, Henry never did........"
Layard The Right Honourable Sir Austen Henry otherwise Henry Austen of 1 Queen Anne St, Middlesex and of CaCapello Venice Italy GCB formally her Britannic Majesty's ambassador at Constantinople died 5 July 1894 at 1 Queen Anne St. Probate London 27 July 1894 to Dame Mary Enid Evelyn Layard widow and Lachlan Mackintosh Rate and Edward Ponsonby Esq's.
Effects £87,301 15s 0d re-sworn December 1801 £92,161 16s 4d
National Probate Calendar
Henry he is often referred to as Sir Austen Henry Layard......when in fact he was Christened Henry Austen Layard. His Uncle Benjamin Austen had no children to pass along his estate and law practise and fervently wished Henry to change his name to Austen and be his heir. Henry Jr. hated working in the law offices and had other ideas......but for a while to humor his Uncle he did go by Austen Henry Layard rather than Henry Austen Layard.
By Jane Layard Herasimenko - 2018
1. Henry's Passport: Original & translation, 5 Jul 1839.
Nous Henri Jean Vicomte Palmerston
Baron Temple Conseiller de Sa Majesté Britannique en Son
Conseil Privé, Chevalier Grand Croix du très Honorable
Ordre du Bain et Son Principal Sécrétaire d'Etat
ayant le Departement des Affaires Etrangères.
Prions et uérons, au Nom de Sa Majesté,
tous Amiraux, Généraux, Gouveeurs,Commandans, Magistrats et
autres Officiers, tant Civils que Mtaires, quelsqu'ils puissent être
des Princes et Etats, Amis et Aiés de Sa Majesté, non seulement
de laisser passer M. Austin Henry Layard, Gentilhomme Anglais
allant aux Ins Orientales par le Continent de l'Europe,
avec Ses Hardes et Bagages;
sans lui donner ni permete qu'il lui soit donné
Empêchement quelconque, mai aussi de lui prêter toute
l'Aide el tout le Secours dont il, pourra avoir
besoin dans Sa Route Ce que Nous promettons de réciproquer
en pareille Occasion.
En foi de quoi nous avons signé ce Passeport et y avons
fait apposer l'Empreinte de Nos Armes.
Donné à ondres ce 5 juillet 1839
No 975.Visto buono in prosecuziore per battaro
Rapuse 20. agosto 1839.
In m di Capitano circolare
König London, den 5 Juli1839 Gratis 211 Vu à l'ambassade ottomane à Londres, bon pour se rendre en turquie le 17 Juillet 1839 le chargé d'affaires de la S. N. ottoman Aaliz No 695 gratis Gesandtschaft London den 5 Juli 1839 für No1916.gratis Vu à l'Ambassade d'Autriche bon pour les Etats autriches Londres le 5 Juillet 1839 125 Visto buono per Nag 15 agosto 1839 Capitano Circolare Lie Com Cir gratis Vu à La Légation Belge à Londres, le 8 Juillet 1839. Bon pour se rendre en Belgique Le Secrétaire, C Drouet No 8782 Coblenz. Sachen zwanzigsten Juli o.a. No 1015 Gratis Vu sans préjudice a l'a g. L. z3 m 111, au Bureau de Ostende (Belgique), le 12 Juillet 1839, pour se rendre Le Préposé aux Passeports, No 5751 H. Cherling No 301 Vu à l'Administration de la Sûreté Pu= blique du Royaume de Belgique, le 15 Juillet 1839 pour se rendre à Liège Le Chef du Bureau des Passeports No 966 Vû à la Légation de S. M. Britque Britque Bon pour Constantinople par Venice et Trieste W. Lett Munich 25 Juillet 1839 r 23 Juli 1839, No: 6862 München am fünfundzwanzigsten Juli 1830 18 3825 Gesesn bey der K.K. Gesandtschaft Muchen 26. Juli 1839. 14 Aug 1839 No 2252 n 3119 na
via di V
10. 151 Juli 1830 28 July No. 333 no in prosecuzione di gli Stati Ottomani, ntenero. Dall & A Capitanato Circolare battaro 23 agosto 1839 No 5624 Venezia 2 Agosto 1839 Visto all' T.R. Dir. Gen. di Pol. nelle Prov. Ven. buono per Trieste 20692 Trieste li 3 Agosto 1820 all' T.R. Direzione di Polizio No 3189. Visto buono per prosseguire il viaggio via di Segna 9 Agosto 829 Sonnard 622 Bartha 8/8 39 260 Luy N li 25 andante buono per Costaninopoli Dall' Scutari li Per il D B Concell
Seen in Baghdad this
23rd May 1840
P.A. S Arabia
Vu à l'Ambassade de
Sa Majesté Britannique ce 8
Bon pour l'Angleterre
Visto buono prosseguire per dall 12 Agosto 1839 Visto buono prosseguire di viaggio per Segna Dall 18 Agosto 1839 F P 125 Buono e rimesso per futuro uso di terra con l'aver tempo d'una porta f largo Dall' Necchin 21 Agosto 1839 Per gr assente No: 960 Visto, e si retto per onde prosseguire per Leberino 13 Agosto 839 C de Visto Magazza li 22 agosto 1839. del C. M deputato pedito N. V
3 Visto buono proseguire d'viaggio per Na
Visto inquest' I. R. Internunziatura (in un tempo ove non c'è peste) vale per Vienna. 229 Costantinopoli 18 Luglio 1842 522. Legazione
Mr. Austin Layard
No 89 New Passport given in
lieu. August 19 1842
Mr Austin Layard
New Passport given
i lieu to 87. Augt.19.
Translation by H.R. Herasimenko 2018
We Henri Jean Vicomte Palmerston Baron Temple Adviser of His Britannic Majesty in His Privy Council, Knight Grand Cross of the Right Honorable Order of the Bath and Principal State Secretary having the Department of Foreign Affairs.
Let us pray and let us, in His Majesty's name, all Admirals, Generals, Governors, Commanders, Magistrates (Judges) and other officers, both civilians and mayors, whoever they may be Princes and States, Friends and Aides of His Majesty, not only to let Mr. Austin Henry Layard pass, English gentleman going to Eastern Ins by the Continent of Europe, with his tatters and luggage; without giving him or allowing him to be given any impediment, may also lend him any help and all the help he may need in his road what we promise of reciprocal in similar opportunity.
In faith whereof we have signed this Passport and had the stamp of Our Weapons affixed to it.
Given at Ondres this 5th of July 1839
Seen at the Embassy Ottoman in London, good for to go to turkey July 17, 1839
The business charge of S. N. ottoman Aaliz
Seen at the Austrian Embassy good for the Austrian states London on July 5, 1839
Free Seen at The Belgian Legation in London, July 8, 1839. Good to go to Belgium The Secretary, Drouet C
Seen at the Public Security Administration of the Kingdom of Belgium, 15 July 1839 to go to Liège The Chief of the Passport Office
See the Legation of S.M. Britque Britque Good for Constantinople by Venice and Trieste W. Lett Munich July 25 1839
München am fünfundzwanzigsten
Munich 25th July
Seen in Baghdad this
23rd May 1840
P.A. S Arabia
Seen at the Embassy of His Britannic Majesty this 8 July 1842 Good for England of
2. Henry Austen Layard: Will, 2 Aug 1892 Proved 27 Jul 1894.
THIS IS THE LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT OF ME THE RIGHT HONORABLE SIR HENRY AUSTEN LAYARD: otherwise AUSTEN HENRY LAYARD G.C.B. formerly Her Britannic Majesty's Ambassador at Constantinople and now residing at No 1 Queen Anne Street in the county of Middlesex
I appoint my dear Wife Dame Mary LAYARD Enid Evelyn Layard and my friends Lachlan Mackintosh Rate of 9 South Audley Street in the same county Esquire and Edward Ponsonby of 17 Cavendish Square in the same county Esquire EXECUTORS and TRUSTEES of this my Will and I bequeath to each of them (except my said wife) upon his acceptance of the office the sum of one hundred pounds free of Legacy duty
And as regards the disposal of my body it is my particular wish that it be "cremated" and I desire that my funeral be conducted as economically as may reasonably be I direct that my just debts funeral and testamentary expenses be paid by my Executors as soon as conveniently may be after my death out of my personal estate
I leave to my said wife all my copyrights and I declare that all my papers Memoranda Manuscripts copies and Drafts of Official Dispatches private and other correspondence shall be at the disposal of my said Wife with discretion as to their publication or to be dealt with according to any direction that I may hereafter give by a Codicil to this my Will or otherwise and subject to such disposal or direction or in default thereof I direct that all papers dispatches to me and copies and drafts of dispatches from me whilst in the Diplomatic Service relating to public matters shall be deposited in the British Museum and I declare that all other papers and manuscripts shall belong absolutely to my said wife I give and devise all my freehold house situate at Venice on the Grand Canal there with the appurtenances and known as "Ca' Capello" unto my said wife Mary Enid Evelyn Layard her heirs and assigns for her absolute use and benefit in fee simple And I give and bequeath to my said wife her executors administrators and assigns absolutely and beneficially the sum of Twenty thousand pounds Sterling and also all balances due to me at my death from any Banker or Bankers upon current Account and also All that my lease-hold messuage or dwellinghouse situate and being No 1 Queen Anne Street in the said County of Middlesex for all the residue remaining unexpired of my term of years therein she personally paying the rent and performing and observing the covenants and stipulations of the Lease in exoneration of my general or residuary estate I also give and bequeath to my said wife absolutely and beneficially all and singular my plate and plated articles linen china glass consumable stores horses harness carriages books of all kinds prints jewels ornaments of the house or person curiosities and (with the exceptions after mentioned) all objects of art or vertu together with my household furniture and all my household goods and whether the same he contained in my said house at Venice or in my said house in Queen Anne Street or wheresoever the same may be at my death but excepting from the last mentioned gift and bequest my pictures and also excepting there from my pieces of plate caskets medals or other objects presented to me by the City of London or any other corporate or public body parliamentary constituency or scientific artistic or other association all which last mentioned articles and things are hereinafter referred to as "my said Presentation Testimonials" And as to all and singular my said pictures (except the portrait of my late Uncle Benjamin Austen by the late Sir Martin Archer Shee P.R.A.) as well those in Queen Anne Street as those at Venice or elsewhere at the time of my death and all and singular my said Presentation Testimonials
I bequeath the use and enjoyment of the same, unto my said wife during her life without responsibility for accidental loss destruction or injury and after her death I give and bequeath all my said pictures (except portraits) or such of my said pictures as the Trustees and the Director for the time being of the National Gallery may select unto the Trustees of the National Gallery and their successors to be held by them for the use and enjoyment of the British public for ever as part of the National Collection But the portraits of myself and all my family and other portraits (except the said portrait of my said Uncle Benjamin Austen deceased) And also all my said Presentation Testimonials I give and bequeath after the death of my said wife free of Legacy duty to my Nephew Arthur Austen Macgregor Layard Captain R.E. for his absolute use and benefit or in the event of his death in my lifetime to his younger Brother my Nephew Raymond de Burgh Money Layard if he be living at my death for his absolute use and benefit and if both my said Nephews Arthur Austen Macgregor Layard and Raymond de Burgh Money Layard should happen to die in my lifetime then and in that case to my Nephew Edgar Leopold Calthrop Layard (only Son of my youngest surviving Brother) for his absolute use and benefit hoping nevertheless (but without fettering their discretion in anyway) that whichever of my said Nephews shall become entitled to the subject matter of this bequest he will (as far as practicable) regard and use and dispose of the several articles and things comprised therein as though they were heirlooms properly so called And as to the said portrait by Sir Martin Archer Shee of the said Benjamin Austen I give and bequeath the same free of Legacy duty to the Incorporated Law Society of the United Kingdom established in Chancery Lane London in case they shall desire to possess it my said Uncle having been at one time their President but if the said Society should decline the bequest then I declare that the said portrait shall be treated and disposed of in the same way as the above mentioned heirlooms
I give and bequeath to my God-daughter Olwin Ponsonby Daughter of the said Edward Ponsonby the sum of Five hundred pounds free of duty also to each of my Godsons Robert Gregory Son of the late Right Honorable Sir William Gregory K.C.M.G. John Murray Esquire of Albemarle Street and Alexander Gordon Ross the sum of one hundred pounds duty free And as to all the rest and residue of my estate property and effects of every description belonging to me or which I have power to dispose of by Will and not specifically disposed of by me (hereinafter referred to as my trust estate) I devise and bequeath the same unto my said Executors Upon trust to sell collect call in and convert the same with all the powers of an absolute Owner and upon trust to lay out and invest the proceeds (after payment and satisfaction of my debts funeral and testamentary expenses and legacies) in the names or name or under the legal control of my said Executors the survivors or survivor of them or other the Trustees or Trustee for the time being of this my Will in some one or more of the modes of investment authorised by the Trust Investment Act 1889 or in any description of investment which may be hereafter authorised by law as a proper mode of investment for trust monies and also in the public stocks or funds or Government securities of any British Colony or Dependency and whether or not guaranteed by the Imperial Government with power from time to time at discretion to vary the investments of the said trust monies and also of any securities of mine which shall not have been converted into money as aforesaid for or into other investments of an authorised description as they may deem expedient and with power likewise to invest in the purchase of land of any tenure under the declaration that any land so purchased shall be held by my trustees for Sale and for disposal of the proceeds as personal Estate and Upon further trust to stand possessed of all and singular the investments constituting my trust estate for the time being In trust to pay the entire annual income of the said investments unto my said wife during her life or so long as she shall continue my widow and from and immediately after her second marriage (in case she shall marry again) Upon trust as to one equal moiety of my said trust estate (the whole into two equal moieties to be considered as divided) to pay the annual income thereof unto my said wife during the remainder of her life for her separate and inalienable use without power of anticipation and her receipts alone to be good discharges for the same Income
And as to the other equal moiety of my said trust estate to hold the same from and immediately after the remarriage of my said wife upon and for the trusts and purposes hereinafter declared to take effect upon the death of my said wife concerning the whole of my said trust estate And from and immediately after the death of my said wife I declare that the Trustees or Trustee for the time it being of this my Will shall stand possessed of the whole of my said trust estate capital and income upon the trusts following (that is to say) Upon trust for all and every or such one or more exclusively of the other or others of my nephews and nieces (the children of my late Brother General Frederic Peter Layard deceased and my brother Edgar Leopold Layard C.M.G.) or for all and every or such one or more exclusively of the other or others of the issue of my said Nephews and Nieces (such issue being born in the life time of my said wife or within twenty one years after her death) in such shares and proportions for such interests and generally in such manner as my said wife (whilst sole and unmarried) shall from time to time or at any time by deed or deeds with or without power of revocation and new appointment or by her last Will and Testament in writing direct or appoint And in default of appointment and subject to any partial appointment Upon trust for all and every my said Nephews and nieces (being children of my said brothers respectively) living at the date of this my Will to be equally divided between or amongst them share and share alike absolutely and beneficially as tenants in common But no nephew or niece of mine in whose favor or in favor of whose issue an appointment shall be made shall nor shall the person or persons substituted as after mentioned for any such nephew or niece participate in the unappointed portion of my said trust estate without bringing the benefit of such appointment into hotchpot and accounting for the same accordingly Provided always and I declare that if any one or more of my said Nephews or nieces should happen to die in my lifetime any gift share or beneficial interest hereby in default of appointment given to him her or them shall not lapse but shall take effect so that the person or persons who at the time of my death shall be entitled beneficially (whether by Will or intestacy) to the personal estate of the Nephew or Niece so dying shall take as purchaser or purchasers under this my Will the share which such nephew or niece would have taken had he or she survived me Provided also and I expressly authorise my said Executors and other the Trustees and Trustee for the time being of this my Will to postpone as long as they he or she shall think fit the sale or conversion of any part or parts of my estate whether consisting of reversionary future or contingent interests or not and to retain any investments of mine in existence at the time of my death although they may not be of any of the kinds hereinbefore authorised And I declare that the net rents and profits or other income produced from every or any part of my said trust estate previously to the Sale and conversion thereof shall be applied in the same manner in all respects as if the same were income arising from investments hereinbefore authorised and that all income produced from my said trust estate in its actual condition for the time being whether consisting of property or investments of an authorised or of an unauthorised description and whether of a wasting or permanent character shall as well during the first year from my death as at all times afterwards be applicable as income under the trusts of this my Will no part thereof being in any event liable to be retained as Capital but no property not actually producing Income which shall form part of my estate shall be treated as producing income or as entitling any person to the receipt of income And I hereby declare that my Trustees or Trustee for the time being may decide whether any monies shall be considered income or capital for the purposes of this my Will and may apportion blended trust funds and settle all questions arising in the course of the execution of the trusts thereof or incidentally thereto without being responsible for loss occasioned thereby
Provided always that so far as practicable there shall never be less than two trustees of this my Will and that the Statutory power of appointment of new Trustees shall be exercised with the consent of my said wife during her lifetime
And I declare that my said Executors and other my said Trustees or Trustee for the time being may in their or his uncontrolled discretion instead of acting personally employ and pay a Solicitor or any other person to transact any business or do any act of whatever nature required to be done in the premises including the receipt and payment of money
And I hereby revoke all former Wills Codicils and testamentary writings and declare this and the five preceding sheets of paper to be and contain my last Will
IN WITNESS whereof I have hereunto set my hand this second day of August in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety two
A. H. LAYARD
SIGNED and declared by the above named Sir Henry Austen Layard the Testator as and for his last Will and Testament in the presence of us present at the same time who in his presence at his request and in the presence of each other have hereunto subscribed our names as witnesses
A R Harding Solicitor 11,Victoria Street Westminster
C Raymond Harding B.A Selwyn College Cambridge
On the 27th day of July 1894 Probate of this Will was granted to Dame Mary Enid Evelyn Layard Lachlan Mackintosh Rate and Edward Ponsonby the Executors
Henry married Mary Enid Evelyn GUEST  [MRIN: 9735], daughter of Sir Josiah John GUEST 1st Bt  and Lady Charlotte Elizabeth BERTIE , on 9 Mar 1869 in Hanover Sq Westminster LND. (Mary Enid Evelyn GUEST  was born on 1 Jul 1843 in Merthyr Tydfil WLS, died on 1 Nov 1912 in Venice Italy and was buried in Gt Canford DOR.)