Alice Frances ROWLANDSON 
- Born: 15 Feb 1845, Old Fort Madras India
- Christened: 7 May 1845, Old Fort Madras India
- Marriage (1): Archbishop Churchill JULIUS D D  on 18 Jun 1872 in Holy Trinity Church, Bournemouth, UK
- Died: 30 Sep 1918 aged 73
- Buried: Linwood Cemetery Christchurch
Madras Registers Baptisms.
7 May 1845 Alice Frances dau of Michael John Rowlandson residing Capt MNI and Mary his wife. St Thome Madras (Chennai) in the presence of us M J Rowlandson, H C Shortland, H Moberly Lt. Col.
IOL N/2 fol. 91
An Alice Francis Julius aged 37 arrived in Victoria September 1884 aboard the South Australian from Britain.
Ref PROV - Unassisted Immigration to Victoria 1852-1923
Alice is registered on the 1893 North Belt Christchurch, Electoral Roll for Women No 6242. Her occupation was shown as Lady.
Julius Jottings No 3 October 1900.
Alice wrote a long letter dated 4 January 1900, about a Christmas spent
on Norfolk Island at the Melanesian Mission. She reflects on the bright happy islanders who she finds "genial, hospitable people . . . . . as one watches these Melanesian people, it is difficult to realise that they, or, at any rate, their parents, were savages". She remarks on the loveliness of the island and its flowers and fruits. "The beauty of the chapel, a memorial of Bishop Paterson, with its fine proportions, Burne-Jones Windows, inlaid marbles etc"
Alice Julius: The Julius's lost all their private means in disastrous investments in Australia, Alice, as wife and mother, was obliged to make much personal saving in order to run her household and bring up a large family. The same applied to some extent in N.Z., where she had to study the expense involved in entertaining at Bishopcourt and enabling Churchill to give generously to endless charities [which he loved to do] as well as providing their children with the best education possible.
Alice herself gave much encouragement to art and music, the latter being an essential in the Julius family, which produced 2 pianists, 2 good voices, 2 violinists and a cellist. The burden of finding the money fell mostly on Alice's shoulders, though it was a matter never discussed, probably being considered rather a vulgar subject.
Alice is described by her daughter Bertha as a 'Grande Dame' in the true sense of the phrase She was introvert, reserved, and of strong character and great dignity. But no words of criticism of others, were ever heard in the house.
By 1917 the bishop's last residence, Cloudesley on the Cashmere Hills, was built and ready for occupation. Up until then, as mentioned, the Julius's had lived at Bishopcourt, but wishing materially to assist the work of the Church Property Trustees, they decided to give up the episcopal residence. Originally, Cloudesley was a lone shack on the hills containing bunks, and the bishop used it as a refuge from his city life when time could be spared. The existing house was built along what became his workshop.
Unfortunately Alice did not live long to enjoy the move to the new house on the hills. She died in 1918. Churchill Julius paid his own tribute to the wife he loved so well. ' For some time past, the dear mother had shows signs of failing health. She was an extraordinary woman, an ideal bishop's wife, had many social gifts, and astonishing knowledge of everyone she met, a huge correspondence, supplementing in a dozen ways my own deficiencies. To my great distress, they gave me warning that she could not last another week, and in less than a week's time she was gone'.
A Power in the Land.
Alice's son-in-law Percy Elworthy writes of her in his memoir "she was a reserved woman of great strength of character, self-effacing and very gentle, whom I have always loved and admired"
(Special to tbe Herald.)
Mrs Julius (wife of Bishop Julius) who died yesterday, was the youngest daughter of Colonel Rowlandson, Bournemouth, Hants, England. She was married to the Rev. Churchill Julius in 1872, and lived in Norwich until 1878, in which year, she accompanied her husband to Ballarat. The bishop was appointed to the Christchurch diocese in 1889, and in this city they have lived ever since. In the innumerable church activities Mrs Julius had always taken keen personal interest. The family consists of, five daughters and two son, all of whom survive. A few months ago the only unmarried daughter, Miss Ada Julius, returned to Christchurch after an absence of several years in England, where she was nursing in one of the military hospitals. The married daughters are Mrs Wilson (wife of Bishop Wilson), whose home is in Australia; Mrs Arthur Elworthy. Holme station, Pareroa; Mrs Percy- Elworthy, now in England; and Mrs Arthur Hansell, wife of the Rev. Mr Hansell, Wellington. The sons are the Rev. Audrey Julius, of Waimate, and Mr George Julius, of Sydney.
Poverty Bay Herald, Volume XLV, Issue 14724, 2 October 1918, Page 7
Alice died intestate, letters of Administration were filed for Probate 24 June 1919 Probate No. 10549.
EXTRACTS FROM A LETTER TO MARJORIE SEATON, FROM NELLIE BARNETT : dated 11 Mar 1985.
Now you wanted to know about the Julius family. I can't tell you much about her except she was GENTRY. She didn't like the NZ servants, they were too outspoken etc., that is why when she went to England she engaged your mother. Mrs J always wore a bonnet and was the perfect lady. The Bishop fitted into colonial life more easily.
Alice's birth date is not 1846, see Mary L Julius's birthday book dated 1870.
The names of the 22 persons in the Julius family group c1914 were confirmed by Diana Wilson nee Elworthy, 2003.
1. Census: England, 8 Apr 1861, Croydon. Alice is recorded as a daughter aged 16 unmarried born Madras East Indies.
2. Census: England, 3 Apr 1881, 44 Milner Sq Islington London. Alice is described as a wife aged 36 born Madras India
Alice married Archbishop Churchill JULIUS D D  [MRIN: 155], son of Dr Frederick Gilder JULIUS MD FRCS  and Ellen Hannah SMITH , on 18 Jun 1872 in Holy Trinity Church, Bournemouth, UK. (Archbishop Churchill JULIUS D D  was born on 15 Oct 1847 in The Old Palace Richmond SRY, christened on 19 Nov 1847 in St Mary Magdalen Richmond SRY, died on 1 Sep 1938 in Cloudesley Christchurch N.Z. and was buried in Linwood Cemetery Christchurch.)