Alice Frances ROWLANDSON 
- Born: 15 Feb 1845, Old Fort Madras India
- Christened: 7 May 1845, Old Fort Madras India
- Marriage (1): Archbishop Churchill JULIUS D D  on 18 Jun 1872 in Holy Trinity Church, Bournemouth, UK
- Died: 30 Sep 1918 aged 73
- Buried: Linwood Cemetery Christchurch
Madras Registers Baptisms.
7 May 1845 Alice Frances dau of Michael John Rowlandson residing Capt MNI and Mary his wife. St Thome Madras (Chennai) in the presence of us M J Rowlandson, H C Shortland, H Moberly Lt. Col.
IOL N/2 fol. 91
An Alice Francis Julius aged 37 arrived in Victoria September 1884 aboard the South Australian from Britain.
Ref PROV - Unassisted Immigration to Victoria 1852-1923
Alice is registered on the 1893 North Belt Christchurch, Electoral Roll for Women No 6242. Her occupation was shown as Lady.
Julius Jottings No 3 October 1900.
Alice wrote a long letter dated 4 January 1900, about a Christmas spent
on Norfolk Island at the Melanesian Mission. She reflects on the bright happy islanders who she finds "genial, hospitable people . . . . . as one watches these Melanesian people, it is difficult to realise that they, or, at any rate, their parents, were savages". She remarks on the loveliness of the island and its flowers and fruits. "The beauty of the chapel, a memorial of Bishop Paterson, with its fine proportions, Burne-Jones Windows, inlaid marbles etc"
Alice Julius: The Julius's lost all their private means in disastrous investments in Australia, Alice, as wife and mother, was obliged to make much personal saving in order to run her household and bring up a large family. The same applied to some extent in N.Z., where she had to study the expense involved in entertaining at Bishopcourt and enabling Churchill to give generously to endless charities [which he loved to do] as well as providing their children with the best education possible.
Alice herself gave much encouragement to art and music, the latter being an essential in the Julius family, which produced 2 pianists, 2 good voices, 2 violinists and a cellist. The burden of finding the money fell mostly on Alice's shoulders, though it was a matter never discussed, probably being considered rather a vulgar subject.
Alice is described by her daughter Bertha as a 'Grande Dame' in the true sense of the phrase She was introvert, reserved, and of strong character and great dignity. But no words of criticism of others, were ever heard in the house.
By 1917 the bishop's last residence, Cloudesley on the Cashmere Hills, was built and ready for occupation. Up until then, as mentioned, the Julius's had lived at Bishopcourt, but wishing materially to assist the work of the Church Property Trustees, they decided to give up the episcopal residence. Originally, Cloudesley was a lone shack on the hills containing bunks, and the bishop used it as a refuge from his city life when time could be spared. The existing house was built along what became his workshop.
Unfortunately Alice did not live long to enjoy the move to the new house on the hills. She died in 1918. Churchill Julius paid his own tribute to the wife he loved so well. ' For some time past, the dear mother had shows signs of failing health. She was an extraordinary woman, an ideal bishop's wife, had many social gifts, and astonishing knowledge of everyone she met, a huge correspondence, supplementing in a dozen ways my own deficiencies. To my great distress, they gave me warning that she could not last another week, and in less than a week's time she was gone'.
A Power in the Land.
Alice's son-in-law Percy Elworthy writes of her in his memoir "she was a reserved woman of great strength of character, self-effacing and very gentle, whom I have always loved and admired"
(Special to tbe Herald.)
Mrs Julius (wife of Bishop Julius) who died yesterday, was the youngest daughter of Colonel Rowlandson, Bournemouth, Hants, England. She was married to the Rev. Churchill Julius in 1872, and lived in Norwich until 1878, in which year, she accompanied her husband to Ballarat. The bishop was appointed to the Christchurch diocese in 1889, and in this city they have lived ever since. In the innumerable church activities Mrs Julius had always taken keen personal interest. The family consists of, five daughters and two son, all of whom survive. A few months ago the only unmarried daughter, Miss Ada Julius, returned to Christchurch after an absence of several years in England, where she was nursing in one of the military hospitals. The married daughters are Mrs Wilson (wife of Bishop Wilson), whose home is in Australia; Mrs Arthur Elworthy. Holme station, Pareroa; Mrs Percy- Elworthy, now in England; and Mrs Arthur Hansell, wife of the Rev. Mr Hansell, Wellington. The sons are the Rev. Audrey Julius, of Waimate, and Mr George Julius, of Sydney.
Poverty Bay Herald, Volume XLV, Issue 14724, 2 October 1918, Page 7
Alice died intestate, letters of Administration were filed for Probate 24 June 1919 Probate No. 10549.
EXTRACTS FROM A LETTER TO MARJORIE SEATON, FROM NELLIE BARNETT : dated 11 Mar 1985.
Now you wanted to know about the Julius family. I can't tell you much about her except she was GENTRY. She didn't like the NZ servants, they were too outspoken etc., that is why when she went to England she engaged your mother. Mrs J always wore a bonnet and was the perfect lady. The Bishop fitted into colonial life more easily.
Alice's birth date is not 1846, see Mary L Julius's birthday book dated 1870.
The names of the 22 persons in the Julius family group c1914 were confirmed by Diana Wilson nee Elworthy, 2003.
1. Census: England, 8 Apr 1861, Croydon. Alice is recorded as a daughter aged 16 unmarried born Madras East Indies.
2. Census: England, 3 Apr 1881, 44 Milner Sq Islington London. Alice is described as a wife aged 36 born Madras India
3. Alice Frances Rowlandson: And her family.
1. Alice in Richmond by Byrne & Co.
Two family groups taken in Richmond by Byrne & Co.
2. Churchill age 36, Alice age 38, From left Alice E, John A, George A, Mary E.
3. With seven children before leaving for Ballarat early 1884, the baby Arthur Cloudsley (1884 - 1885), he died in Ballarat Mar 1885
4. Four of the girls taken in England [?]. From left Alice E, Ada C, Mary E, Ella C.
5. All five girls taken in Ballarat c1888.
6. Family in Christchurch c1914. L to R Front: Edward (Ted) S Elworthy, John C Elworthy, Alice E Hansell.
Centre: Geo A Julius, Eva O'Connor, Geo Y (Pat) Julius (inf), Alice Rowlandson, Churchill Julius,
Alice & Cecil Wilson (children Lilian & John [?]), Rachel & Elizabeth Elworthy (infs).
Back: Ada J, John & Alice J, Bertha J, Arthur & Polly Hansell, Ella & Arthur Elworthy.
7 Alice in later life.
4. Alice Frances Rowlandson: Administration of her Estate, 2 Jun 1919, Christchurch NZ.
IN THE SUPREME COURT OF NEW ZEALAND CANTERBURY DI STRICT
IN THE MATTER of the Estate of ALICE FANNY (or FRANCES) ULIUS Deceased - Intestate
IN THE MATTER of "The Administration Act 1908"
LETTERS of ADMINISTRATION
Filed 14 Jul 1919
ANDREWS Solicitor CHRISTCHURCH
IN THE SUPREME COURT OF NEW ZEALAND CANTERBURY DISTRICT
IN THE ESTATE of ALICE FANNY (or FRANCES) JULIUS Wife of Churchill Julius Bishop of Christchurch Canterbury New Zealand, Intestate. Deceased,
I CHURCHILL JULIUS of the City of Christchurch in the Canterbury Judicial District Bishop of Christchurch make oath and say as follows :
1. THAT I knew Alice Fanny (or Frances) Julius late of the City of Christchurch in the Canterbury Judicial
District now deceased when alive whose baptismal name was "Alice Fanny" but who habitually used and
was known by the name of "Alice Frances" and that the said Alice Fanny (or Frances) Julius was resident
at the City of Christchurch aforesaid within this Judicial District and that the nearest Registry Office of this
Court to the place where the said Alice Fanny (or Frances) Julius resided is at the City of Christchurch
2. THAT the said Alice Fanny (or Frances) Julius was born at Madras in India and was a British Subject,
3. THAT I was born at Richmond Surrey in England and am a British Subject.
4. THAT the said Alice Fanny (or Frances) Julius died at the City of Christchurch aforesaid on or about the
30th day of September 1918 as I am able to depose from having seen her body after death and from
having been present at her funeral,
5. THAT the said Deceased was my lawful Wife and that the said Deceased left her surviving me this
Deponent and lawful Widower and Seven Children that is to say:
GEORGE ALFRED JULIUS of Chollerton Yarranabbe Road Darling Point Sydney New South Wales Civil
Engineer now aged 46 years.
JOHN AWDRY JULIUS of Waimate. Canterbury in New Zealand Clerk in Holy Orders now aged 45 years.
MARY ELLEN HANSELL Wife of the Reverend Arthur Lloyd Hansell the Vicarage Lower Hutt Wellington
now aged 43 years.
ALICE ETHEL WILSON the wife of the Right Reverend Cecil Wilson Bishopscourt Bunbury Western
Australia now aged 42 years.
ELLA CAROLINE ELWORTHY wife of of Arthur Stanley Elworthy of Holme Station Timaru Sheepfarmer
now aged. 40 years,
ADA KATHERINE JULIUS of Cloudesley Hackthorne Road Christchurch Spinster now aged 37 years and
BERTHA VICTORIA ELWORTHY wife of Percy Ashton Elworthy, of Gordons Valley. Timaru sheepfarmer
now aged 33 years.
6 THAT all of such Children have consented to Letters of Administration of the Estate of the said
Deceased being granted by the Supreme Court of New Zealand to me this Deponent. AND ALSO to such
Court dispensing with Sureties in such Administration.
7 That the documents hereto attached marked with the letters. "A" and "B" are the respective Consents of
the said George Alfred Julius and Alice Ethel Wilson duly signed by each and that the document hereto
attached and marked with the letter "C" comprises the respective
consents of the said John Awdry Julius Mary Ellen,Hansell, Ella Caroline Elworthy, Bertha Victoria
Elworthy and Ada Katherine Julius duly signed by each to the granting of Letters of Administration and
dispensing with Sureties referred to in paragraph 6 hereof.
8 That the said Deceased had never been married prior to her marriage with me this Deponent,
9 THAT since the death of the said Deceased I have had access to her papers and repositories and that I
have searched diligently therein for any Will or Testamentary Writing made or signed by the said
Deceased and that I have been unable to find any such Will or Testamentary Writing.
10 I have made inquiry of all persons likely to know if the said Deceased had made or signed any such Will
or Testamentary Writing and I have been unable to learn that the said Deceased ever made or signed any
such Will or Testamentary Writing,
11 That I do verily believe that the said Deceased died Intestate and that I am her Widower.
12 THAT to the best of my knowledge information and belief the Estate Effects and Credits of the said
Deceased to be administered by me are under the value of Three hundred Pounds (£300).
13 THAT I will exhibit unto this Court at the City of Christchurch aforesaid a true full and perfect Inventory of
all the Estate Effects and Credits of the said Decease within three calendar months after the grant of
Letters of Administration thereof to me AND THAT I will file a true account of my administratorthip within
twelve calens dar months after the grant of such Letters,
14 That from my knowledge of my deceased Wife's affairs I am well able to say and do hereby swear that
at the date of her death there were no debts owing by her on any account whatsoever
SWORN at the City of Christchurch in the Canterbury Judicial District this 19th day of June 1919.
T S Harman
A Solicitor of the Supreme Court of New Zealand
" C "
IN THE ESTATE of ALICE FANNY (or FRANCES) JULIUS Wife of Churchill Julius Bishop of Christchurch Canterbury New Zealand Intestate Deceased,
WE JOHN AWDRY JULIUS of Waimate Canterbury New Zealand Clerk in Holy Orders son and MARY ELLEN HANSELL Wife of The Reverend Arthur Lloyd Hansell of the Lower Hutt Wellington Clerk in Holy Orders, ELLA CAROLINE ELWORTHY Wife of Arthur Stanley Elworthy of Holme Station Timaru Canterbury aforesaid Sheepfarmer BERTHA VICTORIA ELWORTHY Wife of Percy Ashton Elworthy of Gordons Valley Timaru aforesaid Sheepfarmer and ADA KATHERINE JULIUS of Christchurch Canterbury aforesaid Spinster Daughters of the above named Intestate ALICE FANNY (or FRANCES) JULIUS DO AND EACH OF US DOTH
HEREBY CONSENT to Letters of Administration of her Estate and effects being granted by the Supreme Court of New Zealand to our Father the said CHURCHILL JULIUS AND ALSO to such Court dispensing with Sureties in such Administration.
DATED at Christchurch this 2nd day of June 1919.
Duly witnessed and signed by the above
" A "
IN THE ESTATE of ALICE FANNY (or FRANCES) JULIUS Wife of CHURCHILL JULIUS Bishop of Christchurch Canterbury New Zealand Intestate a Deceased.
I GEORGE ALFRED JULIUS of "Chollerton" Yarranabbe Road Darling Point Sydney New South Wales Civil Engineer the eldest Son of the above named Intestate Alice Fanny or Frances Julius DO HEREBY CONSENT to Letters of Administration of her Estate and Effects being granted by the Supreme Court of New Zealand to my Father the said Churchill Julius and DO FURTHER CONSENT to such Court dispensing with Sureties in such Administration,
DATED at Sydney New South Wales aforesaid this 14th Day of April 1919.
GEORGE ALFRED JULIUS
Alice married Archbishop Churchill JULIUS D D  [MRIN: 155], son of Dr Frederick Gilder JULIUS MD FRCS  and Ellen Hannah SMITH , on 18 Jun 1872 in Holy Trinity Church, Bournemouth, UK. (Archbishop Churchill JULIUS D D  was born on 15 Oct 1847 in The Old Palace Richmond SRY, christened on 19 Nov 1847 in St Mary Magdalen Richmond SRY, died on 1 Sep 1938 in Cloudesley Christchurch N.Z. and was buried in Linwood Cemetery Christchurch.)