60. Joseph (John) ALSTON of Boxford  (Anthony 40, Gregory of Edwardstone 30, Henry of Edwardstone 18, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was buried on 4 Feb 1726/27 in Boxford SFK.
Joseph was the beneficiary of Land etc in Edwardstone by his mothers Will.
dated 15 Sept 1708
Joseph Alston of Boxford lease for one year, The Hill with tan-office, and freehold and copyhold lands in Hartest SFK
Ref: Bury RO HA519/851
Dated 16 Sept 1708
Tripartide indenture Release being a settlement on the marriage of Mr Jas Spences Jnr & Miss Brown. Mr Jas Spences to Mr Joseph Alston and Mr Joeseph Spencer Jnr
Ref: Bury RO HA519/852
Administration granted Susan Alston widow and relict of Joseph of Boxford 1 Mar 1727.
Joseph was a grocer of Boxford
In 1675 an Edward Alston bought a book for the records of the Boxford Parish Overseers, Joseph Alston is mentioned frequently as an Overseer and supplier of linen, bread chees and butter, stockings, fabric, to the Parish
The Parish Rate of Boxford dated 20 April 1715 shows:
Mr Jos Alfton - rentable value L7/10/0, monthly rate payment 1/3d.
Ref Bury RO - FB77/A3/1
See notes 2004
Parish Rate of 20 April 1715 show also a family Aliston.
Suffolk Record Office, Bury St Edmunds Branch: Weller Poley & Holifax Families of Suffolk
Catalogue Ref. HA 519
The Hill with tan-office, and freehold and copyhold lands.
FILE - Marriage Settlement of Jas. Spencer, junr. (only son of Jas. Spencer, senr., tanner of Hartest) and Martha Browne (dau. of Jos. Browne, gent., of Boxford). Lease and Release (for L.300 portion of Martha Browne) by Jas. Spencer, senr., to Jos. Alston, grocer, of Boxford and Jos. Spencer, gent., of Hadleigh. - ref. HA 519/851 & 852 - date: 1708 September 15 & 16
This family and that this Joseph served in the Boxford Parish is completely conjectural. - 2014
It is hoped that a future genealogist may shine more light on the Alston family of Edwardstone, Boxford, Groton, Waldingfield etc and prove a relationship with the Newton family
Joseph married Susan COBBOLD  on 10 Mar 1685/86 in Semer SFK.
Marriage Licence issued 9 Mar 1686/87 Joseph Alston of Boxford Grocer & Susan Cabold of same single woman.
A William Cobbold was a Boxford O'Seer in 1688
61. Isaac ALSTON  (Anthony 40, Gregory of Edwardstone 30, Henry of Edwardstone 18, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) died in 1648 in Edwardstone SFK and was buried on 5 Aug 1648 in Edwardstone SFK.
Isaac sonne of Anthony Alston & Elizabeth his wife buried 5 Aug 1648. Edwardstone Parish Transcripts Alstoniana, Alternative death date at 20 Jan 1646/47 source unknown?
62. John ALSTON of Lt Cornard SFK  (Anthony 40, Gregory of Edwardstone 30, Henry of Edwardstone 18, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) died in 1719.
Mentioned in his mothers Will
Will of John Alston of Lt Cornard dated April 18 1719
I give to my son John Alston 20/-
I give to my daughter Mary Alston 20/-
I give to my son Joseph Alston 20/-
I give to my son Richard Alston 20/-
I give to my wife Mary Alston all the rest of my goods and chattles and these legacies To be paid when they come of age.
Proved 15 Oct 1719 by Mary Alston widow.
Refer will pg 160 Alstoniana
That John had family baptised in Gt Waldingfield is conjectural
John married Mary LAMBERT  in 1702 in Henny. Mary died after 1719.
A John Alston married a Mary Lambert 1702 Henny ESS
Mary was Johns Executrix
Children from this marriage were:
+ 106 M i. John ALSTON  was christened on 28 Feb 1670/71 in Gt Waldingfield SFK and was buried on 25 Apr 1675 in Gt Waldingfield SFK.
+ 107 M ii. Joseph ALSTON of Gt Horsley ESS  .
+ 108 M iii. Richard ALSTON  .
+ 109 M iv. John ALSTON  died after 1719.
+ 110 F v. Mary ALSTON  was christened on 29 Jun 1674 in Gt Waldingfield SFK.
+ 111 F vi. Margaret ALSTON  was christened on 2 May 1679 in Edwardstone SFK.
63. Samuel ALSTON (ALSTONE)  (Anthony 40, Gregory of Edwardstone 30, Henry of Edwardstone 18, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was buried on 12 Oct 1700 in Gt Waldingfield SFK.
Placement of Samuel as son of Anthony is completely conjectural.
A Samuel Alston was bap 14 Dec 1643 Newton but the researcher does not believe it to be this Samuel.
FHL Film Number:
In 1870-72, John Goring's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Great Waldingfield like this:
"WALDINGFIELD (Great), a parish, with a village, in Sudbury district, Suffolk; 33/4 miles NE of Sudbury r. station. It has a post-office under Sudbury. Acres, 2,423. Real property, L4,634. Pop., 622. Houses, 146. The manor belongs to R. Rodwell, Esq. Babergh Hall is occupied by J. Bourne, Esq. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Ely. Value, L795.* Patron, Clare College, Cambridge. The church's chancel was restored in 1865. There is a national school. "
Samuel married Susanna STOCKE  on 25 Apr 1671 in Gt Waldingfield SFK. Susanna was buried on 11 Nov 1700 in Gt Waldingfield SFK.
Notes on Stock family of Waldingfield:
25 April 1671 Sussanah married Samuel Alston
20 Jan 1680 Mary Stock was buried Gt Waldingfield
15 Jan 1797 John Alliston single of Gt Waldingfield M Sarah Stock single of Gt Waldingfield.
Searched for Roy Alston 1999 by Dr J Martin Genealogist of Ipswich. She noted that the Registers were poorly kept sometimes illegible in the 1640's - 1650's (The Commonwealth period)
Children from this marriage were:
+ 112 F i. Martha ALSTON  was christened on 6 Mar 1670/71 in Gt Waldingfield SFK and was buried on 12 Jun 1672 in Gt Waldingfield SFK.
+ 113 M ii. Jacob ALSTON  was christened on 22 Feb 1671/72 in Gt Waldingfield SFK.
+ 114 F iii. Susan ALSTON  was christened on 11 Apr 1675 in Gt Waldingfield SFK.
+ 115 M iv. Unbaptised Child ALSTON  was born about 1676 and was buried on 16 Oct 1676 in Gt Waldingfield SFK.
+ 116 M v. Samuel ALSTON  was christened on 13 May 1678 in Gt Waldingfield SFK.
+ 117 F vi. Mary ALSTON  was christened on 13 Feb 1680/81 in Gt Waldingfield SFK and was buried on 11 Nov 1683 in Gt Waldingfield SFK.
+ 118 M vii. Thomas ALSTON  was christened on 6 Apr 1684 in Gt Waldingfield SFK.
+ 119 F viii. Elizabeth ALSTON  was christened on 10 Jan 1685/86 in Gt Waldingfield SFK.
+ 120 M ix. Peter ALSTON  was christened on 28 Dec 1689 in Gt Waldingfield SFK and was buried on 17 Mar 1747/48 in All Saints Sudbury SFK.
64. Daniel ALSTON of Edwardstone  (Anthony 40, Gregory of Edwardstone 30, Henry of Edwardstone 18, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was christened on 16 Jun 1639 in Boxford SFK and was buried on 27 May 1694 in St Mary Edwardstone SFK.
Daniel sonne of Anthony & Elizabeth Alstone baptised 16 June 1639 Boxford. Boxford Parish Transcripts Alstoniana & IGI.
St Mary Edwardstone
27 May 1694 Daniel Alston was buried.
Hearth Tax Charles II
1669 Daniel Alston Edwardstone 2 hearths
Mentioned in his mothers Will
Image Courtesy Mike Burn - 2014
Daniel married Margaret PAINE of Milden  on 18 Feb 1662/63 in Edwardstone SFK Lic.
Married by Licence.
Children from this marriage were:
+ 121 M i. John ALSTON Jnr  was christened on 4 Dec 1664 in Edwardstone SFK and was buried on 26 Jun 1742 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 122 M ii. Daniel ALSTON  was christened on 29 Apr 1666 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 123 M iii. Joseph ALSTON  was christened on 15 Mar 1667/68 in Edwardstone SFK and was buried on 25 Dec 1719 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 124 M iv. Ephraim ALSTON  was christened on 26 Jun 1670 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 125 M v. Daniel ALSTON  was christened on 26 Sep 1672 in Edwardstone SFK and was buried on 2 Sep 1734 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 126 F vi. Susanna ALSTON  was christened on 20 Jan 1674/75 in Edwardstone SFK and was buried on 27 May 1694 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 127 M vii. Jasper ALSTON  was christened on 6 Aug 1677 in Edwardstone SFK and was buried on 27 Nov 1723 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 128 F viii. Margaret ALSTON  was christened on 2 May 1679 in Edwardstone Church SFK.
+ 129 M ix. Gregory ALSTON  was christened on 20 Mar 1680/81 in Edwardstone SFK and was buried on 7 Apr 1731 in Edwardstone SFK.
65. William ALSTON  (Anthony 40, Gregory of Edwardstone 30, Henry of Edwardstone 18, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was christened on 26 Aug 1641 in Boxford SFK and was buried on 28 Aug 1641 in Boxford SFK.
William the sonne of Anthony & Elizabeth Alstone baptised 26 Aug 1641 Boxford. William the sonne of Anthony Asstin buried 28 Aug 1641 Boxford. Boxford Parish Transcripts Alstoniana.
66. Henry ALSTON  (Anthony 40, Gregory of Edwardstone 30, Henry of Edwardstone 18, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was christened on 20 Mar 1646/47 in Edwardstone SFK.
Henry sonne of Anthony Alston and Elizabeth his wife baptised 20 Mar 1647 Edwardstone. IGI & Edwardstone Parish Transcripts Alstoniana.
Henry had three children refered to in his mothers will Pg 158 Alstoniana
Mentioned in his mothers Will
67. Ephraim ALSTON of Gt Ashfield  (Anthony 40, Gregory of Edwardstone 30, Henry of Edwardstone 18, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was christened on 4 Jun 1654 in Edwardstone SFK and died about 1700 aged about 46.
Ephraim sonne of Anthony Alston & Elizabeth his wife baptised 4 June 1654 Edwardstone. IGI & Edwardstone Parish Transcripts Alstoniana.
Ephraim Alston of Ashfield Magna. Administration granted to Thomas Munkin husband to Marie Munkin 9th Apl. 1700.
Document Essex Archives A5/7/14 A4/41/70
Mentioned in his mothers Will
68. Abraham ALSTON  (Samuel of Edwardstone 48, Gregory of Edwardstone 30, Henry of Edwardstone 18, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was christened on 29 Apr 1646 in Edwardstone SFK and was buried on 18 May 1657 in Edwardstone SFK.
Edwardstone register - "18 May 1657 Abraham son of Samuell and Mary his wife was buried"
69. Sarah ALSTON  (Samuel of Edwardstone 48, Gregory of Edwardstone 30, Henry of Edwardstone 18, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was christened on 16 Jul 1648 in Edwardstone SFK.
70. Samuel ALSTON  (Samuel of Edwardstone 48, Gregory of Edwardstone 30, Henry of Edwardstone 18, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) died in 1650 and was buried on 30 Aug 1650 in Edwardstone SFK.
71. Mary ALSTON  (Samuel of Edwardstone 48, Gregory of Edwardstone 30, Henry of Edwardstone 18, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was buried on 8 Jun 1653 in Edwardstone SFK.
Mary's baptism date of 8 June 1653 conflicts.
72. Samuel ALSTON Jnr  (Samuel of Edwardstone 48, Gregory of Edwardstone 30, Henry of Edwardstone 18, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was christened on 11 Sep 1653 in Edwardstone SFK and was buried on 12 Aug 1730 in Edwardstone SFK.
Edwardstone Baptisms: 11 Sept 1653 Samuel sonne of Samuel Alston and Mary his wife
Cresswell includes a note "married Mary Harrold?", this ignores an Edwardstone burial date for a Samuel son of Samuel and Mary of 18 Oct 1653?.
Samuel married Mary HARROLD  on 5 Nov 1699 in Edwardstone SFK. Mary was buried on 25 Jan 1712/13 in Edwardstone SFK.
This death date placement is conjectural
Children from this marriage were:
+ 130 M i. Samuel ALSTON  was christened on 29 Sep 1700 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 131 F ii. Mary ALSTON  was christened on 26 Dec 1701 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 132 M iii. Robert ALSTON  was christened on 14 Dec 1703 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 133 M iv. Joseph ALSTON  was christened on 14 Jun 1706 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 134 M v. Thomas ALSTON  was christened 1 Mar 1706/07-1708 in Edwardstone SFK and was buried on 16 Sep 1711 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 135 M vi. John ALSTON  was christened on 27 Aug 1710 in Edwardstone SFK and was buried on 3 Oct 1729 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 136 M vii. Thomas ALSTON  was christened on 16 Nov 1712 in Edwardstone SFK.
73. John ALSTON  (Samuel of Edwardstone 48, Gregory of Edwardstone 30, Henry of Edwardstone 18, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was christened on 20 Jul 1655 in Edwardstone SFK.
Edwardstone 20 July 1655 John sonne of Samuel & Mary his wife, was baptised.
Christening Date (Original)
GS Film number
John is described as John Jnr as father to some of his children?
A John Allston was born 1666 Newton IGI no parents detailed but a wife shown Elizabeth Harris.
A John Alston was taxed on ? hearths at Great Waldingfield in 1667
A John Alstan was taxed on 3 hearths at Great Waldingfield in 1669
A John Alston was taxed on 3 hearths at Great Waldingfield in 1674
Marriage from Boyd's Marriage Index. males A-K 1701-1725: Tom Perrett searching 2007 Essex RO
John married Mary . Mary was buried on 6 Apr 1724 in Edwardstone SFK.
Children from this marriage were:
+ 137 M i. Joseph ALSTON  was christened on 17 Mar 1691/92 in Edwardstone SFK and was buried on 13 Jun 1695 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 138 M ii. Robert ALSTON  was christened on 25 Mar 1694 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 139 M iii. Samuel ALSTON  was christened on 13 Apr 1697 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 140 F iv. Mary ALSTON (ALSTONE)  was christened on 11 Oct 1701 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 141 M v. John ALSTON  was christened on 24 Oct 1707 in Edwardstone SFK and was buried on 10 May 1710 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 142 F vi. Elizabeth ALSTON  was buried on 28 Apr 1718 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 143 M vii. Thomas ALSTON  was christened on 16 Nov 1711 in Edwardstone Church SFK.
74. Robert ALSTON Jnr. of Edwardstone  (Robart 50, Gregory of Edwardstone 30, Henry of Edwardstone 18, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was buried on 2 Oct 1683 in Edwardstone SFK.
That Robert is the son of Robert & Margaret is conjectural at 03
Edwardstone Register details "Robt Alston snr buried 2 Oct 1683"
Robert married Mary LAPPAGE of Edwardstone  on 5 Nov 1661 in Edwardstone SFK.
Children from this marriage were:
+ 144 F i. Susanna ALSTON  was christened on 26 Oct 1662 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 145 F ii. Sarah ALSTON  was christened on 28 Mar 1665 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 146 F iii. Mary ALSTON of Robt Jnr  was christened on 11 Aug 1667 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 147 F iv. Elizabeth ALSTON  was christened on 25 Jul 1669 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 148 M v. Robert ALSTON (ALSTONE) of Edwardstone  was christened on 22 May 1672 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 149 M vi. Samuel ALSTON (ALSTONE) Son of Robt Jnr  was christened on 22 Aug 1674 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 150 F vii. Sarah ALSTON  was christened on 18 Oct 1677 in Edwardstone SFK and was buried on 15 Feb 1678/79 in Edwardstone SFK.
75. Samuel ALSTON  (Robart 50, Gregory of Edwardstone 30, Henry of Edwardstone 18, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was buried on 20 Feb 1645/46 in Edwardstone SFK.
76. Jacob ALSTON  (Robart 50, Gregory of Edwardstone 30, Henry of Edwardstone 18, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was christened on 31 May 1646 in Edwardstone SFK and was buried on 17 May 1664 in Edwardstone SFK.
77. Samuel ALSTON  (Robart 50, Gregory of Edwardstone 30, Henry of Edwardstone 18, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was christened on 16 Apr 1648 in Edwardstone SFK.
78. Thomas ALSTON  (Thomas The Younger 51, Gregory of Edwardstone 30, Henry of Edwardstone 18, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1).
79. William ALSTON of Siam Hall  (William Siam Hall And Sible Hedingham ESS 55, Edward Lord of Sayham 31, William of Newton SFK 19, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was born in 1562 in Polstead SFK and died on 5 Nov 1633 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK aged 71.
PRO C 2/3&4 = Court of Chancery: Six Clerks Office: Pleadings, Series I, Elizabeth I to Charles I
William Alston of Newton, Suffolk, yeoman v Thomas Wyncoll. Debt of defendant as executor for his brother; obligation to ensure payment not met. Bill, demurrer, answer, replication Short title: Alston v Wyncoll
1590 (Placement under this William is uncertain.)
PRO C 4/39/44 William Alston v. Thomas Chaplyn: answer Date of document between 1618 and 1625 1618 Jan 1 - 1625 Dec 31
(Placement under this William is uncertain.)
HOLBOROUGH v. ALSTON.
Bill, dated 4 May 1597, by Richard Holborough the elder, of Brunden, co. Essex, yeoman, and Richard Holborough the younger, of Waldingfield, co. Suffolk, yeoman, v. William Alston senior and junior.
About 4 years since, in consideration of a marriage to be had, between William Alston, junior, of Semer, co. Suffolk, yeoman, son of William Alston the elder, late of Newton, CO. Suffolk,.yeoman., and one Marion Holborough, daughter of Richard Holborough the elder, the two complainants entered into obligations for a certain sum of money for the preferment of the said Marion, on the elder William Alston's promising to settle lands in Essex and Suffolk to the value of L20 yearly as her jointure. This promise has never been executed, hence the suit; the defendants are also accused of fraud with regard to the bonds.
The defendants in their answer say that lands have been settled, as promised, to the annual value of L18.
Hh 19/25 1597
Alstoniana Pg 195
GOULDING v. ALSTONE.
Bill, 30 May 1603, by Roger Gouldinge of Cleare, co. Suffolk, a gentleman, v. William Alston and John Gouldinge.
William Alstone, "a common lender of money," about 41 Elizabeth (1598/99), lent complainant L104, on condition he would buy of Alstone several cows and sheep at much above their value.
To pay his debt to Alston and others, complainant made a lease to the other defendant of a farm called Houghton Hall, and Gouldinge has paid the sum due to Alstone. The time named in the bond was actually exceeded, but complainant has several times offered reasonable recompense to Alstone, who, however, refuses to accept it, but prosecutes for his rights under the bond.
Mitford. 25/45. 1603.
Alstoniana Pg 196
This placement is not certain.
SUFFOLK. Feet of Fines - Hill 20 Jas.
Mich 21 James 1.
Manor of Seymehall Hall, etc.
William Allston senior pltff.
William Allston junior defdt.
Fine levied Mich. Tern. 21 James 1 between Wm. Alston senr. gent. Plf. and Wm. Alston junr. gent. and Ann his wife Dfts. of the Manor of Seyme Hall alias Seyme with the appurtenances and two messuages one loft, one dovecot, 2 gardens, 120 acres of land, 30 acres of meadow and 90 acres of pasture with the appurts. in Newton, Seyme, Boxford, Edwardstone, Groton, Assington, Chilton, and Little Cornard, and of all tithes, oblations, pensions, &c., arising within the Manor of Seyme Hall.
William's Will makes provision for his sons William, Ralph, Edward and Thomas. It settled the Manor of Sayme Hall on his son Joseph, subject to the payment of debts and legacies, also make suitable bequests to his sons, Benjamin, Jacob, Jonas and Tobias.
It mentions his daughter, Margaret, wife of Francis Coleman and his daughter Elizabeth Chaplin and also that his sons Jonas, Jacob and Tobias were under 24 years of age.
WILLIAM ALSTON, Senior, Gentleman.
Inquisition Post Mortem taken at Bury St. Edmund's
16 April 10 Charles i. (1634).
Ser. ii Misc. Pt 16 No 7 1634 co. Suffolk
The said William was seised of the manor of Seymehall (held of the King as of His Honour of Clare by Knight's Service), and of lands, &c., thereto belonging in Newton and Cornard parva. By his deed of 5 June 8 Charles i. 1632), he conveyed the reversion of the said premises after his death to trustees, to the use of his son Joseph Alston in tail male, with contingent remainder to James and Jonas Alston, sons of said William, in tail male; and then to Tobias Alston, another of his sons, in tail male. The said William was also seised of a messuage called Herriot's, and land in Edwardstone, Boxford and Newton ; and a messuage, a watermill called Doores, and land in Boxford and Newton, settled as above. Also of a messuage and land in Newton, lately bought of William Andrewe, the reversion of which, after his own death he settled (by indenture) between himself and his son Joseph, dated 21 October 9 Charles i. (1633), on his son Tobias. The said William also held a messuage and land in Newton, called Mondekyns. which (by his will dated at Newton 14 July 1632), he bequeathed to the said Tobias in tail, with contingent remainder to Benjamin Alston, another of his sons.
William died 5 November 9 Charles i. (1633) at Newton.
William Alston, gentleman, his son and heir, was aged 21 and more at the time of his death.
Alstoniana pg 261
In the registers of Burials at Newton there is an entry of the death of William Alston, 5th November 1633, and a note that the mortuary was paid by Joseph Alston.
THE WILL OF WILLIAM ALSTON THE ELDER OF SEYMEHALL GENT.
DATED 14TH JULY 1632.
I give the poor of Newton 40 shillings I give my messuages or tenements called Moundkyns with the houses, buildings, barns, stables, yards. orchards, and gardens belonging, situate in Newton with about 9 acres of land to Tobias Alston my son and his heirs, with remainder to Benjamin Jacob Jonas and Joseph my sons
I bequeath to Joseph Alston my son my Manor messuages tenements called Seymehall co. Suff. with all the messuages houses buildings barns stables orchards situated in the townes parishes hamlets and fields of Newton, Seyme, Boxford, Edwardston, Groton, Assington, Chilton and Little Cornard, co. Suff. my wife Anne nevertheless to have her right of dower and thirds in above manor or to a yearly sum of money to be paid by said Joseph in lieu thereof - Failing male issue to Joseph, the above lands to devolve to Jacob and Jonas two other of my sons, with remainder to my son Tobias, failing his issue, to the right heirs of my said son Joseph.
I have also settled upon my said son Joseph my messuage or tenement called Harriotts with 70 acres of land in Edwardston - also a cottage and water mill adjoining with the yards orchards gardens streams and appurtenances belonging in Boxford and Edwardston, 10 acres of pasture moor and fen land in Boxford and Newton, 3 pieces of land with a chase way leading from Boxford lane to Newton mill - a little Aldercare contg. 6 acres in Boxford, 10 acres of meadow and pasture called Sturtupps or Startowtes in Boxford and Newton- My said messuage of Harriotts and the last mentioned lands I settled on my son Joseph to enable him to pay legacies unto Jonas Jacob and Tobias my sons. I have already provided for my son Benjamin I have already assigned to my son Joseph, 21 acres called Little Churchfield in Bullmer, 3 acres called Bromety, 6 acres called Pickney or Pynckney Corner and all other my lease lands in Bullmer - also the two messuage or tenement called Millers and Swaynes in Bulmer also 2 Closes of 12 acres and a cottage in Bulmer, also that messuage, called the house in the wall and all my other freehold lands and tenements in Bulmer.
I give my son Jonas L300
I give my son Jacob L300
I give my son Tobias L100
The sons above named to give to their brother Joseph on receiving their legacies an acquittance for any sum due to them by the will of their grandfather William Alston
To Benjamin my son L5
To Joseph my son all my land tenements and hereditaments not before bequeathed - also to Joseph my best Coverlet and best feather bed, Cupboard and Counter table in the parlour Chamber, my silver Can with Cover.
I give to Anne my wife the use of all my household implements, plate and linen during her life the same to be divided at her death amongst my four sons Joseph Jonas Jacob and Tobias.
The residue of my goods chattels ready money &c I leave to my son Joseph towards the better performance of this my will and I appoint him sole executor of my will.
I give to every one of my sons by my first wife, Will. Ralphe Edward and Thomas whom I have sufficiently advanced during my lifetime 10 shillings to buy rings
To my daughter Anne Tracy 10 shillings
Signed: Willm Alston.
Witnesses: John Smith Thome Butcher Francis Coleman.
Should I and my wife die before my son Tobias attains the age of 24 when his legacy of L100 is to be paid him ,my executor is to pay him L6 annually towards his maintenance until his is 24 years of age
Signed: Will. Alston.
Witness Fran. Coleman. 3rd December 1632.
Proved 17th February 1633/4 by Joseph Alston son and executor named in will.
Copy of Will on this file
WATERS GLEANINGS Page 1701
WILLIAM' ALSTON, the elder, Seymehall, parish of Newton, Suffolk, gentleman.
Will 14 July 1632 ; proved 17 February 1633/4.
To poore of Newton 40s. To sonne Tobias Alston messuage called "Mounkyns" and other lands sometime in occupation of John Smith the younger in Newton and great Cornard, with remainder to my sonnes Benjamin, Jonas, and Joseph Alston. Having settled my Manor capitall Messuage or Tenement and Ferme "Seymehall" otherwise Saynehall with all messuages, dovehouse barnes, stables, orchards etc in Newton Seyme, Boxford Edwardston, Groten, Assington, Chilton and little Cornard upon sonne Joseph Alston with free likeing and love of Anne nowe my wife, leaving Anne her right of dower etc., etc. Also settled on Joseph messuage where Henry Otley dwelleth in Edwardston ; also cottage and watermill in Boxford and Edwardston in occupation of . . . . . Mott widowe etc. etc. To pay debts and legacies to my sons Jonas, Jacob and Tobias, son Beniamin being provided for, now said messuage "Harriotts" and watermill lands in lieu of legacies to Joseph in will of my father William Alston gent. deceased. Having also granted to Joseph close called Pynekney or Pynchey Corner in Bullmer and 25 of June last enfeoffed two messuages in Bullmer and cottage late Elizabeth Swifts in Bulmer, I ratify same etc. To sonne Jonas Alston £300 at 24. To sonne Jacob Alston ditto. To sonne Tobias Alston .£100 ditto. All to give acquittance of legacies in will of their grandfather William Alston to themselves or their brothers and sisters. To sonne Benjamin £5. To daughter Margery wife of Francis Coleman gent. ditto. To daughter Elizabeth Chaplin ditto. To sonne Joseph bed etc. Rest of household stuff, plate. etc. to wife Anne for life, then to Joseph, Jonas, Jacob and Tobias. Residue of estate to sonneJosepli Alston. To sonnes William, Raphe, Edward and Thomas (by my first wife) all sufficiently advanced 10s each for rings. To Daughters Anne, Tracye, ditto.
Codicil 3 December 1632.
If I and wife Anne his mother (die before sonne Tobias is 24 then executor to pay £6 a year for maintenance.
Extract from his fathers Will:
To William Allston, my eldest son, my capital mansion house, Saymehall (Siam), and lands in Newton and Lt Conard, Suffolk, with all its rents and tithes, for life, and then after his decease, to his son, William Allston and his heirs on condition that if either William or his heirs is given a reasonable request by any of my other children of their heirs and should they refuse to help, then any party so refused may enter upon the said and of the Manor of Saymehall (Siam) until their reasonable claims shall be met, according to the meaning of my will.
Also to my son, William my property, late Robert Cricks, where Jeffrye Tanner dwells, in Boxford, Edwardston and Newton, Suffolk. UK and that property purchased of Thomas Cooke in Newton.
Also the property purchased of John Rye in the occupation of Jeffrye Tanner and Thomas Butcher in Boxford and Newton, a parcel of land called Startoppes alias Startowts in Boxford, my properties both free and copyhold in Gt Waldingfield purchased of Thomas Parishe and property purchased of Giles Sheldrake in Chilton or Clare now in occupation of . . . . . Ling (sic).
Also L1580 to be paid in three equal portions at 4, 12 and 18 months after my decease.
Also all the goods in his house in Conard, the household stuff in the parlour at Saymehall (Siam Hall), the featherbed and coverlet, cupbourd and counter table in the parlour chamber, 2 tables in the hall, brass and copper and all other brewing vessels in the brewing house, and a cistern for wetting barley. He is also let off any debts to me.
Attribution of the following is uncertain.
William is possibly the William Alston mentioned below, Edward is not placed in this tree from the dates mentioned but is possibly Rev Edward Alston ?
Inscription on a Silver Salver.
Wilhelms Alston Churchwarden of Newton 1628.
300 YEAR OLD COMMUNION SILVER SECURE.
Silver Communion, vessels in use for 300 years at the parish church of Newton, near Sudbury, have, had to be locked away in the bank as they have become too valuable for everyday use.
After the two silver patens and a chalice were borrowed for an exhibition
of old and valuable church silver, it was decided to have the articles; which had been in regular use at Communion services valued, and the resultis that they have been insured at L.2,000.
About 1628, Edward Alston farmed much of the land in Newton and the small chalice was given by him. It is marked as being given in 1628 but the silver mark is of London in1638, and the makers initials are S.A.
The small paten bears the 1627-28 London mark, but was made by a Norwich goldsmith.
The large paten is inscribed "to the memory of William Alston, church warden of All Saints, Newton, in 1628." The paten was presented in his memory in 1698.
However the church will not be without Communion vessels as the present churchwardens have offered to replace them with new ones.
East Anglian Daily Times 3 July 1968.
Here is a description of the plate possibly by the valuers:
NEWTON GREEN CHURCH SILVER.
1. Small Salver on trumpet foot with gadrooned edge inscribed underneath "William Alston 1628". Period William III. Maker Hugh Roberts entered 1697 (J.P. 153) London date 1698. Marked fully on top with Lion's head erased on foot.
2. Plain Chalice 1638. Slightly bell shaped cup on baluster. Marked fully on the cup and with Lion passant on the foot. About 8 inches high. Maker S.A. in monogram. (J.P. 123 L15) Inscription - Hauriat hinc populus vitam de sanguine sacro. Inflicto aeternis quem fudit vulnere Cristus Dat Deo et Ecclesia de Newton Edrus Alston Rector. F.Q.E.A.
3. A small Paten with slightly moulded rim. A small trumpet foot. Inscribed 1628.
Period Charles I. Maker London date 1627, the mark "K" being the second one in Jackson's for that year. The mark on this piece is certainly for London 1627. The makers mark which is very clear is that of a Norwich Goldsmith, see Jackson's pg 317 line 8.
Vol. ix, Proceedings of Suff Inst Arch.
Donors of Church Plate:
Alston, Eliza Ann, of Bradley (Little), 1879.
Alston, William, Churchwarden of Newton, Sudbury, 1628.
Alston, Rev. Edward. Cup, height, 61/2ins., diameter of bowl, 33/4in., on a thick baluster stem. Round bowl is the inscription, "Hausiat hint populus vitam de Sanguine Sacro. Inflmto ceternus quem sudit (fudit?) vulnere Christus. Dat Deo et Ecclesicae de Newton Edrus Alston. Rector."
Alston, Sarah. In Memory of Sarah ye wife of William Alston Many years Vicar of this Parish, whose first husband was Mr. John Patrick of Nether hall in this Parish 1 Ob; 19th Mai: 1762. [Little Waldingfield co. Suff.]
Alston, William, M.A., ad proes. Eliz. Jackson Spr. p.j. Dec. 20, 1727.
Alstoniana Pg 268.
Benjamin Alston son of William and Ann A. of Bulmer, In Essex,
Anne Alston dau. of bap. Martij 31, 1611.
William Alston and Anne Malini, mard. g July, 1606.
Alstoniana Pg. 270.
William married Marian HOLBOROWE , daughter of Richard HOLBOROWE of Bulmer , about 1593 in Inner Temple Marlesford SFK. Marian was buried on 24 Apr 1641 in Semer SFK.
Children from this marriage were:
+ 151 M i. William ALSTON of Woodbridge  was born about 1594 in Marlesford SFK, died on 11 Jun 1641 aged about 47, and was buried in Chancel Marlesford Church.
+ 152 M ii. Ralph ALSTON  was christened on 20 Mar 1595/96 in Semer SFK and died after 1641.
+ 153 M iii. Rev Edward ALSTON  was christened on 20 Jun 1598 in Semer SFK and died before 1675.
+ 154 M iv. Thomas ALSTON  was christened on 6 Jan 1598/99 in Semer SFK and died after 1641.
+ 155 F v. Margery ALSTON  died after 1641.
+ 156 F vi. Elizabeth ALSTON  was christened on 12 Feb 1594/95 in Semer SFK and died after 1641.
William next married Anne NEUCE , daughter of Thomas NEUCE , on 20 Jun 1607 in Gazeley SFK. Anne was christened on 25 Oct 1578 in Gazeley SFK, died in 1660 aged 82, and was buried in Gazeley SFK.
From Records of Archd. Subdy. at Bury St. Edmunds.
Mar Lic date 29 June 1607 William Alston widower of Newton and Ann Malyn of Gazeley widow directed to Rector of Gazeley sd. Wm. Alston gent. Robt. Nuce of Gazeley Bondsman.
The IGI have entries of marriage as follows: 9 July 1606 Gazeley spouse Ann Malin, 1607 Gazeley spouse Ann Mason.
THE WILL OF ANNE ALSTON OF MOULTON co. SUFFOLK. Widow.
Dated 16 May 1660
I desire to be buried in the chancel of Gasely near where my father and mother are buried
I give to the poor of the parish of Gasely 20/-
I give to the poor of the parish of Moulton 20/-
I give to my eldest son Joseph 20/- and my Bible
I give to Jonas Alston my son, my messuage in Moulton wherein I now dwell with the houses and lands belonging the whole to him and his heirs male or in default of heirs to Paul Tracy my grandchild and his heirs, with remainder to James Tracy his brother-
I give to Anne Tracy my daughter wife of John Tracy, the younger, gent. all my wearing linen and the trunks wherein the same is kept
I give to Sarah Tracy my grandchild, my brown box with the linen therein, also L20 to be paid within four years after my death
To my brother Phillip Newce and to Johan Sims my sister 40/- each
To Elizabeth Miller my sister all my wearing apparel also L4
To Anne Beadle my sister's daughter L10.
To Will Lewin my sister's son 20/-
To Philip the son of my brother Robt Newce 20/-
To Mary Hayward my niece wife of John Hayward 20/-
I give to Jonas my son my messuage or tenement in Boxted, co. Suff. and all other my lands goods &c for the payment of my debts and legacies and appoint him sole executor of this my will-
Should my son Jonas refuse to act, the above bequest to become void and I desire my brother Philip Newce and my son in law John Tracy to be executors and devise to them the above lands for the performance of this my will - which lands are then to be sold, any overplus to be paid to my said son Jonas
(Signed) ANNE ALSTON
Witnesses: Thomas Waters, Phil. Morse.
Proved: 30 April 1661 by Philip Newce and John Tracy executors named in will Jonas Alston first executor being dead
Ref. May 54.
PRO C 3/355/19 Hayward v Alston Suffolk A.D. 1617-1621 - was this Anne's sister's family? not searched 2007
WATERS' GLEANING Page 1702
ANN ALSTON of Moulton, Suffolk, widow. Will 16 May 1645; proved 30 April 1661.
To be buried in Gasely near father and mother. To eldest son Joseph Alston my Bible and 20s. To son Jonas messuage etc. with remainder to grandchildren Paul Tracy, James Tracy, and Sarah Tracy. Daughter Anne Tracy now wife of John Tracy the younger gent, apparel etc. Brother Philip Newce Brother Robert Newce. Sister Johan Sims. Sister Elizabeth Miller. Anne Beadle, my sister's daughter. Niece Mary Hayward, wife of John Hayward, Sister's son William Lewin. Philip, son of brother Robert Newce. To sonne Jonas messuage in Boxsted in tenure of Thomas Butcher
Executor, son Jonas. If Jonas refuse then brother Robert Newee and son in law John Tracy.
Witnesses: Thomas Wates. Philip Morse.
Children from this marriage were:
+ 157 M i. Joseph ALSTON of Siam Hall  died before 1692.
+ 158 M ii. Benjamin ALSTON  .
+ 159 M iii. Jacob ALSTON  .
+ 160 F iv. Anne ALSTON  .
+ 161 F v. Neuce ALSTON  was born about 1612 in Newton SFK.
+ 162 M vi. Jonas (Jonah) ALSTON of Ballingdon.  was christened on 5 Sep 1613 in Gt Cornard SFK.
+ 163 M vii. John (James) ALSTON  was christened on 5 Sep 1613 in Gt Cornard SFK.
+ 164 F viii. Jane ALSTON  was christened on 2 Jan 1614/15 in Gt Cornard SFK and was buried on 25 Apr 1621 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK.
+ 165 F ix. Neuce ALSTON  was christened on 1 Jan 1616/17 in Gt Cornard SFK and was buried on 24 Oct 1624 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK.
+ 166 M x. Tobias ALSTON  was christened on 2 Apr 1620 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK and died after 1632.
+ 167 F xi. Susan ALSTON  .
+ 168 F xii. Bridget ALSTON  .
80. Thomas ALSTON  (William Siam Hall And Sible Hedingham ESS 55, Edward Lord of Sayham 31, William of Newton SFK 19, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was born in 1564 in Polstead SFK and was christened on 18 Feb 1564-1565 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK.
This Thomas probably died in infancy. Confused entries over Birth date IGI.
81. Edward ALSTON of Boxford  (William Siam Hall And Sible Hedingham ESS 55, Edward Lord of Sayham 31, William of Newton SFK 19, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was christened on 10 Mar 1565 in Newton SFK, died on 22 Jan 1616/17 aged 51, and was buried on 26 Jan 1616/17 in Boxford SFK.
Edward was Lord of the Manor of Shelland Hall and of Boxford co Suffolk. He was a successful manufacturer of cloth investing his profits in land.
Lay Subsidy Roll - Edward Alston assessed L6 in goods, tax 10/-
An Edward Alston was Amerced 3d on 23 Nov 1613, and the 10 May 1614 by Adam Winthrop Gent steward of the manor of Groton Court Barron.
John Winthrop appears to be the Lord of this Manor.
Ref Bury R O P534/5/38.
His will recites the settlement he made on his wife Anne and refers to his having lived at one time at Polstead.
THE WILL of EDWARD ALSTON of BOXFORD. Clother.
Dated 20th January 1617
I desire to be buried in Christian burial where it shall please my executors I bequeath to my loving wife Anne three messuages or tenements with the yards and gardens adjoining, a croft of land on the east side of sd tenements also a little tenement called Priors with garden and land adjoining with all the leades Cisterns glasse dores waynscott &c. situate in Stone street Boxford This bequest for my wife's joynture and dower according to a deed made between me and Richard Simnell gent. late of Colchester.
Also to my wife L500 and the use of all my plate and household stuff during her life. On the death of my wife the same household stuff and plate to be equally divided amongst my three daughters Anne, Susan and Bridgett.
To each of my daughters Anne Susan and Bridgett L500 to be paid on their attaining the age of 20 years.
To Joseph Alston my sonne my manor called Shelland Hall with all the houses and lands thereon belonging in Ratlesden Shelland and Woolpett co. Suffolk also any lands in above towns, which I purchased of Sr John Deane Knt.1 also my messuages with the houses orchards and gardens in Sudbury Suff. Also my messuage and lands in Buers (Suff) late my father's William Alston.
I give my son Joseph and his heirs male the above mentioned lands with remainder to Edward Alston my son and John Alston my son.
I give to Edward son my messuage lands ten'ts and herd'ts in Nayland Missington Assington Clare Stoke next Clare and Chilton street (Suff). Also my messuage wherein I lately dwelt with the houses yards and gardens near White Street purchased from Adam Wynthropp gent Will Pond and Stephen Kembold also my messuage yards and grounds in Boxford purchased from John Sakter.
I give to my son Edward the above land and to his heirs with remainder to my son Joseph and his heirs also in default of rightful issue, remainder to John Alston my son and his heirs.
My executors shall hold the said messuages &c. devised to my sons Joseph and Edward until they reach the age of 13 years, the profits arising from said property to go to the discharge of the legacies. My executors also to receive the rents accruing from the manor and lands bequeathed to Joseph and Edward from the time of their reaching the age of 13 till they attain the age of 21 the money to be applied to the use of said sons respectively.
My tenements in White Street Boxford I give to the use of the poor people of said town - i.e. the rent arising therefrom to be used to purchase yearly 30 ells of the best canvas to be given to 15 poor people the week before Christmas.
To Edward Garrold my god son L5.
I give to my eldest son John a full third part of all my freehold lands and tenements with the residue of all my estates, to be held by my executors until John is of age with ramainder to my sons Joseph and Edward amd my 3 daughters.
My said wife Anne to have the government and education of all my children, my executors to pay her L20 a year for each child until they are of age - in case of my wife's death the executors to have the care of the children. Also L20 a year to my wife when the payments for the children cease, as an increase to her jointure.
I give to my son Edward all my leasehold lands in Polsted.
To John my lands in Bromford (Suff) with a proviso that the said John shall do all that is necessary to assure the lands devised to Edward and his heirs.
I give John and his heirs my copyhold land and tenements in Groton with my house in Stone street Boxford holden of the manors of Groton Hall and Peyton Hall.
If my daughters marry without the consent of their mother their legacies to lapse.
To Mr Joseph Byrd parson of Boxford L5 to buy a piece of plate.
To my godson Edward Andrew son of Francis Andrew of Hadley 20 marks.
I appoint my son John residuary legatee with remainder to Joseph and Edward and to my daughters provided the said John does not fall into any riotous or disorded course of life and is governed by my said wife and my brother Peter Alston it shall be at the discretion of my brother to pay to my wife or any of my other children the sum of L1000 out of the moneys accruing to John if he leads a well ordered life.
Sicklemore Meadow in Bramford may be bought from Lord Wentworth for my son John if my brother thinks it advisable
I appoint my son John and my brother Peter executors, to the latter L40 for his trouble, but he is not to be exempted from paying his debts to my estate.
To my Uncle Julian Lufkyn 40 shillings if he be not chargeable to my wife
To my mother Ardley L5
To my sister wife of Richard Ardley L5 To William Lufkyn 5 pounds
To Anne Ardleigh and - Harke servants 20 shillings each and to - Bacon 10 shillings
Signed EDWARD ALSTON.
Witnesses John Brond Francys Andrew John Haft
Proved 9th February 1617-18 - by Peter Alston the brother executor named in above Will with power reserved to John Alston the son and executor.
Page 103 Alstoniana
1. By deed dated 30 May, 1604, and enrolled in the Court of Chancery, Reginald Borrough, of St John's, and Cuthbert Garner, of St John's, sold the Manor of Shelland Hall for £1600 to Sir John Deane, John Henson, of Drinkstone, lessee of Shelland Hall, joining in the conveyance.
Sir John Deane then of Great Maplestead, Co Essex, and Anne his wife, by deed dated 31st of Mar, 1615, sold the Manor for £1800 to Edward Alston of Polstead, Clothier.
He was the son of William Alston of Newton and of Marjorie Homestead his wife, which William was the eldest son of Edward Alston, by Elizabeth daughter of John Coleman, his 1st wife, which Edward was the son of William Alston, of Newton who was buried there 30 January 1564, and whose will is dated 18 October 1563, and proved at Bury St Edmunds 1st of Mar 1563/64. Edward Alston the purchaser, married Anne, sister of Joseph Ardley, and died 22nd January, 1617, when the Manor passed to his son and heir Sir Joseph Alston, who died 1643. Joseph Alston lived at Washbrooke and married Mary Warner. He made his will 18th of December 1643 which was proved 11th January following; he left this Mannor to his daughter Mary by this device. (See Will Sir Joseph Alston )
Ref: Manors of Suffolk.
Sentence of Edward Alston of Boxford dated 4 Jul 1623 PROB 11/142 available PRO on line - not searched 2006
EDWARD ALSTON, Clothier.
Inquisition Post Mortem
Taken at Ipswich, 18 April 16 James i. (1618).
Ser.ii Vol. 371 No 140 1680 co Suffolk
The jury say the said Edward Alston was seised of the manor of Shelland, alias Shelland Hall, with land, &c., in Rattlesden, Shelland and Woollpitt, co Suffolk land called Turnor's in St. Gregory's parish, Sudbury ; a messuage, garden and orchard in Bures St. Mary, formerly belonging to William Alston, his father; land in Clare
and Stoke by Clare ; land in Wissington and Assington, bought by Edward, the deceased, of Sir William Waldegrave, Kt.; land in Naylond, Polsted and Boxford, bought by himself; a messuage and land in Waldingfield Magna and Acton, co. Suffolk, formerly belonging to his father ; the site of the manor of Overtye, and land belonging to the same in Bramford ; and land in Bramford, formerly copyhold of the manor of Loftofts, and bought by the deceased
of Lord Wentworth.
By his will, dated 21 January 15 James i. (1618) the said Edward bequeathed the manor of Shelland, and premises in Sudbury and Bures St. Mary, to his son Joseph Alston, in tail, with contingent remainders to his sons Edward and John; the premises in Clare, Assington, Wissington, Stoke, Nayland, Polsted and Boxsted, to his son Edward, in tail, with contingent remainders to the said Joseph and John ; a tenement in White Street, Boxford, to the poor of
Boxford ; of the residue of all his freehold lands so much as shall amount to one third of the whole, to his eldest son John ; the remainder to be held by his executors for performance of his will, till his son John, or next heir be 21, with contingent remainders to his other sons, and his three daughters Anne, Susan and Bridget, to each of which daughters he bequeathed L500.
Executors :-his brother Peter Alston and, John Alston aforesaid.
Edward died at Boxford, 22 January 15 James i. (1618), leaving John, his son and heir, aged 12 years and 23 weeks.
The manor of Shelland is held of . . . . . Rivett, widow, as of her manor of Rattlesden ; the messuage in Sudbury, of Robert Crane, Kt., as of his manor of Sudbury alias Woodhalls; the premises of Bures St. Mary, of Dame Jemima Waldegrave, widow, as of her manor of Smallbridge ; land in Clare, etc., of the King as of his manor of Enburye alias Stoke with Chilton ; land in Assington. &c., of John Gurdon, Esq., as of his manor of Assington ; land in Assington and Wissington, of the King as of his manor of E. Greenwich ; the site of the manor of Overtye, of John Acton, gent., as of his manor of Bramford.
Alstoniana pg 259
A small brass plate in the Sth East cnr of Boxford Church sanctuary reads " Here lyeth the body of Edward Allston whoe deceased the 22 January 1617", (9/2000).
Extract from the Will of Edwards father William:
To my son Edward Allston and his heirs, all my properties in Bures (St. Maries), Suffolk, purchased of John Sympson and also those in Gt. Waldingfield, and Acton, Suffolk, purchased of Thomas Glovr. Alson L1276 13s 4d to be paid in three equal instalments at 4, 12 and 18 months after my decease. He is let off any debts to me.
Boxford Registers: Joseph Alston servannte with Edward Alston buried 7 May 1600
Edwards birth date is incorrect as his brother William was the eldest son and heir.
See  stray
1600 - Joseph Alston servannte with Edward Alston the viith of Maye (D)
D = Burial.
PCC Wills Suffolk 1383-1604.
1593 Alstone. Edwarde. Will and Sentence 44 Nevell
Edward married Susan BRAND , daughter of John BRAND SNR , on 19 Apr 1596. Susan was buried on 6 Dec 1596 in Boxford SFK.
19 April 1596 Licence Granted to Edward Alston of Boxford to marry to Susanna Brand, daughter of John Brand Senior directed to the Minister there in the same Archdeanery
Bury Marriage Lic's - Alstoniana pg 299
Susan died s.p. in child bed.
Edward next married Anne ARDLEY , daughter of ARDLEY , about 1599. Anne died on 10 Apr 1626 and was buried on 12 Apr 1626 in Boxford SFK.
THE WILL of ANNE ALSTONE of BOXFORD.
Dated January 31 1622
Widow late wife of Edward Alstone of Boxford Clothier.
I give to my son John Alstone L10 in gold 22 sheep and 5 milch beasts to my eldest dau. Anne L80 to be paid to her when she is 18 to my dau. Susan L80 at the age of 18 to my dau. Bridget L80 at the age of 18 to my son Joseph L50 at the age of 21 to my son Edward L50 at the age of 21 to Margarett Ardlie, my sister in law widow 24/- annualy until my son John is 21 years of age, also L5.
To John Ardlie, her eldest son L5s to Thomas Ardlie son of Margaret 20/- to Richard Ardlie son of Margaret 20/- to Margaret Ardlie dau of Margaret 20/- to my brother John Ardlie L10 to his five children, John, Thomas, George, Symon and Bridgett each 20/-
To my brother Joseph Ardlie L10 to Thomas Ardlie my halfbrother L5
To Robert Ardlie my halfbrother L5 to my sister Bridgett Berrye L10
To her five children Thamar, Bridgett, Anne, Thomas and John each 20/-
To Anne Ardlie my kinswoman L10 also my best stuff gown to Bridgett Alston my dau. my Tenement at eleaven Heath with 18 acres of freehold land to the poor of Boxford L5 to Mr Bird parson of Boxford L5 to Mrs Bird 5 pieces to buy a ring
I appoint my brotherinlaw Mr John Brande of Edwardstone and my dau. Anne Ardlie my executors.
The marke of Anne Alston
Witness :Joseph Bird, parson of Boxford.
Proved: 26 April 1626 by John Brand brother and exec. named on above will with power reserved to Anne Ardlie dau. of testrix.
Copies of the original transcription of the Will and Sentence of Anne Alston of Boxford dated 16 Feb 1627 PROB 11/151 on this file.
Children from this marriage were:
+ 169 M i. John ALSTON  was christened on 10 Aug 1605 in Boxford SFK, died on 10 May 1626 aged 20, and was buried on 12 May 1626 in Boxford SFK.
+ 170 F ii. Anne ALSTON  was christened on 15 Oct 1607 in Boxford SFK and died after 1667.
+ 171 F iii. Susan ALSTON  was christened on 26 Oct 1609 in Boxford SFK and died before 19 Dec 1643.
+ 172 F iv. Bridget ALSTON  was christened on 29 Aug 1611 in Boxford SFK and died after 1643.
+ 173 M v. Joseph ALSTON of Bramford  was born on 8 Feb 1614/15 in Polstead SFK, was christened on 8 Feb 1614/15 in Polstead SFK, died on 21 Dec 1643 in Washbrooke aged 28, and was buried in Bramford SFK.
+ 174 M vi. Edward ALSTON  was christened on 8 Jan 1616/17 in Boxford SFK and was buried on 15 Oct 1628 in Hadleigh SFK.
82. John ALSTON  (William Siam Hall And Sible Hedingham ESS 55, Edward Lord of Sayham 31, William of Newton SFK 19, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was christened on 20 May 1567 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK.
83. Anne ALSTON  (William Siam Hall And Sible Hedingham ESS 55, Edward Lord of Sayham 31, William of Newton SFK 19, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was born on 15 Aug 1568 and was christened on 16 Aug 1568 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK.
84. Peter ALSTON of Bramford  (William Siam Hall And Sible Hedingham ESS 55, Edward Lord of Sayham 31, William of Newton SFK 19, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was christened on 30 Nov 1569 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK and died on 3 Apr 1628 in Bramford SFK aged 58.
Alston Peter of Bramford (3rd son of William Alston of Saham Hall) bap. at Newton 30 Jun 1569, d. 3 Apr 1628; Will dated 26 March.
Ref: Collectanea Genealogica Pt. II July 1881. Col. Chesters Gray's Inn Admissions 1521-1881. NZSOG - 2014.
Peter was of Bramford, his will was dated 26 Mar 1628, proved 16 May 1629, it mentions his sons all being under 21.
Peter's second marriage to Katherine, daughter of Edward Buggs, and sister of Sir Anthony Buggs, is said to have been without issue.
Manor of Lovetot:
. . . . . Thomas Lord Wentworth and from him to his son and heir Henry 3rd Lord Wentworth who died May 1593.
The Manor then seems to have passed to the Alston family, but apparently not to those members of it mentioned by Page in his history. It was held of the Actons as of the main Manor. Peter Alston held shortly after the death of 3rd Lord Wentworth, and dying the 3rd April 1628 was succeeded by his son and heir Peter Alston, on his death the Manor passed to his brother Edward Alston who held his first court 3 Jan 1632/33. The next Lord we find named is John Burrough who held a first court 6 July 1700.
The Manor house is known as Lovetofts Hall.
Ref; The Manors of Suffolk.
In Winthrops "History of New England" Vol I Pg 352; in a letter of John Winthrop's to his son John, dated 7th April 1628, occurs the note "Tell your Uncle Downing that Peter Alston is dead" Winthrop came from Groton.
The Court Book of the Manor of Nayland records:
26 Apr 1625 - Peter Alston - assessed a fine L2 - for a tenement & garden by death or surrender by Thos Todd. Roll No. R2b
27 Sep 1631 - Peter Alston - assessed a fine L2-13-4 - for a tenement & garden by death or surrender by Peter Alston. Roll No. R6a.
Ref: Bury RO HA541/2/1/5
WILCOX v. ALSTON.
Viz. Richard Wilcox v. Peter Alston, Thomas Denton and others,
Depositions taken at Ipswich 9 January 19 Jas. I , with regard to the site of the manor of Lovetofts in Bramford, co. Suffolk, mortgaged by Thomas Denton to Peter Alston, in the name of Edward Alston his son, a minor.
One deponent, John Harte of Bramford, has known the deponent Alston about forty years,
Bridges 474 1622
Alstoniana Pg 196
PRO C 3/299/84
Lorraine Family Archive
Ipswich Record Office
FILE - Bundle marked: "No.7. Ancient writings 1618 to 1708. Tenements and farms of Hulver Hill and Aldersfield." - ref. HA61/436/63-78 - date: 1618-1708
item: Copy of Inquisition after the death of Peter Alston. 29 Sept. 1629 - ref. HA61/436/75 [n.d.]
Item: Copy of an Exemplification of the Decree of the Court of Wards in favour of Joseph Alston, against Peter Alston, defendant. - ref. HA61/436/76 - date: 15 Feb 1638
1618: Ed. Alston left estate to son John (who soon died) then to son Joseph, committed during his minority to Peter Alston, his uncle, brother of Edward. Now Joseph shews arrears in accounts for which Peter's Bond of L5000 (3 July, 1626) is forfeited.
Item:Copy of a Grant by the Crown of lands to Mary Alston, widow of Joseph Alston, late of Shellands Hall, Suffolk. Ref HA61/436/72
Lands held by Peter Alston for ward Joseph and seized by Crown when L5000 bond of Peter Alston's forfeited. Held by Joseph throughout his life but without proper grant, which was interrupted by Civil Wars.Date: 1663.Source: Access to Archives
Item: Copy of Extent of lands of Peter Alston - by writ of Court of Wards for forfeiture of L5000 bond of 3 July 1626. - ref. HA61/436/77 - date: 21 Jan 1639
Bramford - manor of Lovetofts - capital messuage called Lovetofts, 100 acres, 26 acres pasture, 4 acres meadow, 20 acres wood - occupied by Edward Alston - L24.
PETER ALSTON, Gentleman.
Inquisition Post Mortem taken at Ipswich
19 September 4 Charles i. (1628).
Ser.ii; Vol 441, 1628. co Suffolk
The said Peter was seised of a messuage and land in Great and Little Waldingfield, held of the King as of Clare Honour; and of a messuage and land in Bramford ; all of which he settled in reversion on Katherine his wife, one of the daughters of Edward Bugges, in accordance with the terms of an indenture dated 6 May 22 James i. (1624).
He was also seised of the reversion of the site of the manor of Lovetoftes, after the expiry of a lease thereof granted
by Lord Wentworth to one Thomas Denton ; which last, together with the above said and other lands in Bramford, are held of John Acton, gentleman, of his manor of Bramford; also of the manor of Lovetoftes, and lands, and a water mill and fulling mill called Laxfeild Mill, and land in Burstall, Stoke by Clare, Ketton, Whixho, and Hundon.
His will (some provisions of which are given) was dated 6 March last past.
He died at Bramford 3 April 4 Charles i. (1628)
Peter, his son and heir, was then 20 years and 8 months old.
Alstoniata pg 261
THE WILL of PETER ALSTON of BRAMFORD co Suff.,
Dated 26 March 1628.
I give to Katherine my wife according to the obligation entered into between me and her father Edward Buggs before our marriage, my mess. or ten with the lands etc. in Great Waldingfield and Little Waldingfield co. Suff. my messuage called Bullen with the houses, buildings lands meadows pastures &c. thereto belonging in Bramford.
I also give to my wife all her apparel and L10. I desire her to give a release in writing to any claim she may have upon my other property, should she claim more than the above messuage's and lands, the above bequest to be void.
I give to Peter Alston, my eldest son, my messuage near the Bridge in Bramford with the yards gardens &c. On the death of my wife (should I have no issue by her) the mess. and lands devised to her, shall come to my said son Thomas and his heirs.
I give Thomas my son all my copyhold lands and tenements in Great and Little Waldingfield.
I give to Edward Alston my son my manor of Lovetoftes 'als' Luftostes with all the lands feedings rents reversions tenements and hered. in Bramford Burstall and other towns in Suff. which I purchased from Thomas Lord Wentworth, except the mess. and lands reputed to be part of the manor of Lovetoftes and before given to my son Peter and the scite of the house in which I now dwell.
The above bequests to my three sons to be in full satisfaction of any sums of money left to them under the will of my late father Will. Alston gent.
I give to my dau. Eliz Alston L600 when she is 18, over and above any money left her by my father.
My executors to receive the rents of the messuage's left to my sons Thomas and Edward and apply the same to their education or to put them to a trade or profession until they reach the age of 21 years - my dau. Elizabeth to receive 40 marks yearly towards her maintenance until she receive her legacy - Should Elizabeth die before receiving her legacy - the money to be divided between my sons and my dau. Margery now the wife of Thomas Wynne.
I give to my executors and their heirs all such mess. ten. and hered. in Shelleigh co., Suffolf all mortgages &c for the payment of my debts and legacies.
I desire my executors to pay to the children of my brother Edward Alston such legacies as shall be unpaid at the time of my death, so far as the goods of the said Edward deceased received by me shall enable them.
I give to my son Edward Alston all my household stuff plate bedding linen and other utensils, carts, tombrells plows &c in the manor of Lovetoftes - the said Edward to pay to each of his brothers and sisters L10 in default the said goods to be equally divided.
Being guardian to Joseph Alston son of my brother Edward, I desire my executors to take over the wardship and to attend to the education of said Joseph and his brothers and sisters.
I leave the poor of Bramford L10.
The residue of my property to be divided between my said three sons and dau. Elizabeth
I give to my son in law Thomas Wynne and Francis Andrewe of Hadleigh co., Suffolk in trust the messuage of Lovetostes, wherein I now dwell with the houses buildings barns lands &c as were demised therewith by Lord Wentworth to Thomas Denton (except such as are before given to Peter my son) during the life of my wife Katherine with remainder to my son Edward - The rents of said property to be applied to the education of Edward my son by the said Thomas Wynne and Francis Andrew.
I appoint my son Peter and Francis Andrew executors & give the latter L40 for his trouble.
Signed: Peter Alston.
Witnesses Daniel Bacon, Nicho. Hayward.
CODICIL appointing Francis Andrew guardian of Peter the son, should he be under age
at the time of his father's death - 27th March 1628.
Proved: 16th May 1629 by Peter Alston the son.
Copy of Will on this file.
Extract from the Will of his father William:
To my son Peter Allston, and his heirs, free and copy hold properties in Boyton End in Stoke-next-Clare, Chillton and Clare, Suffolk, purchased of John Deeks, John Curd and Ralphe Turner. Also land in Great and Little Waldingfield, Suffolk, purchased of Samuel Coleman.
Also properties purchased of Stephan Pilgrim in Clare.
Also all cattle, farm and household stuff as he already has in his possession.
Also L1430 to be paid in three installments at 4, 12, and 18 months after my decease. I let him off any debts to me.
Peter married Elizabeth PETLOW , daughter of Francis (Robert) PETLOW of Framsden .
Children from this marriage were:
+ 175 M i. Thomas ALSTON  was buried on 28 Jul 1661 in Groton SFK.
+ 176 F ii. Margery ALSTON  was christened on 24 Apr 1606 in Bramford SFK.
+ 177 F iii. Elizabeth ALSTON  was christened on 17 Jan 1603/04 in Bramford SFK.
+ 178 M iv. Peter ALSTON  was buried on 20 Nov 1603 in Bramford SFK.
+ 179 M v. Peter ALSTON  was born about 1593 in Bramford SFK.
+ 180 M vi. Edward ALSTON  was born about 1595 in Bramford SFK and died in 1657 aged about 62.
+ 181 M vii. William ALSTON  was born about 1599 in Bramford SFK and died before 1628.
Peter next married Katherine BUGGS  on 27 Aug 1618 in Bramford SFK. Katherine died about 1650.
Katherine is said in some pedigrees to have died without issue, she was sister of Sir Anthony Buggs.
Refer Chancery Proceedings involving Katherine, see Peter Alston of Bramford  her step grandson. One suit is brought to recover possession of divers trunks, containing jewels, evidences &c. &c. conveyed away from Bramford by the said Katherine.
ALSTON v. ALSTON & another.
Chancery B. and A. Charles I, A. 29. (43.)
Bill, dated 16 May 1628, by Katherine, widow of Peter Alstone of Bramford, v. Peter, Edward and Thomas Alstone, and Francis Andrews. In matters as before.
ALSTON v. ALSTON & others. 1629.
Chancery B. and A. Charles I. A. 21. (3.)
Bill, dated 28 June 1629, by Katharine, widow of Peter Alston, v. Daniell Heron, Peter Alston and Francis Andrewes.
Respecting annuity granted to Oratrix by her late husband. Of similar tendency to bill A. 16. (r5.)
Alstoniana Pg 170
HAYNES v. ALSTON.
Bill, 11 February 1650/1;, by Elizabeth Heynes, widow, administratrix of Katherine Alston, late of London, widow,
deased, her late sister, v. Edward Alston and Elizabeth his wife, John Coleman, Elizabeth Parker, Richard Kyng and . . . . . Pippyn.
The said Katherine Alston demised to her son in law Edward Alston of Bramford, co. Suffolk, gent. certain of her lands at a yearly rent of L. . . . . And having occasions of business at Bramford and Ipswich, did in the summer of 1649 take a lodging at Ipswich, and died there in October following.
The defendants have got into their possession part of the personal property of the deceased, for recovery of which the suit is lodged.
The answer of Edward Alston (in parts illegible) acknowledges that the deceased demised unto him tenements held of the manor of Lowetofts in Bramford. On the death of Katherine, Elizabeth Parker, who kept the house where she lodged, sent for defendant to take care for the burial ; which he did, and did see her buried as was fitting a woman of her quality and condition, and better than she ever merited in her lifetime.
There was some old linen etc in the place which he received, but he has disbursed far more than the value thereof.
Mitford, 110/106, 1650/l. Ref TNA C8/110/106
Alstoniana Pg 199
Katherines step sons mentioned in an Inquisition Post Mortem. "Inquis, capt.,Apd.,Ipswiche, 19 September, 4 Car.1.pm" Petri Alston-m-Katherina.
(1) Arm Petrus A fil et he. Aet 20 ann, 8 mens. tunc.
(3) 2 ux Edward. Vol 26 Mar 1628 Ob. 3, Ap., Car.
Katherine's Will (in Latin) is on file and an image on this file to be transcribed. It is placed with some trepidation by the researcher E L Fenn on the basis of the regular mention of Elizabeth Knapp nee Alston in the text.
Marriage Entry from Roy Alstons extracts from the Bramford Registers - the brides name is difficult to read.
85. Elizabeth ALSTON  (William Siam Hall And Sible Hedingham ESS 55, Edward Lord of Sayham 31, William of Newton SFK 19, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) died after 1618.
Elizabeth benefited under her fathers Will of 30 May 1616.
Elizabeth married Ralph NORTHEY  on 29 Jul 1590 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK.
Both living 30 May 1616
Children from this marriage were:
+ 182 F i. Elizabeth NORTHEY  .
+ 183 M ii. Ralph NORTHEY  .
+ 184 M iii. Edward NORTHEY  .
+ 185 F iv. Margerye NORTHEY  .
86. Thomas ALSTON of Gedding Hall  (William Siam Hall And Sible Hedingham ESS 55, Edward Lord of Sayham 31, William of Newton SFK 19, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was christened on 16 Nov 1572 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK, died on 21 Jan 1619/20 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK aged 47, and was buried on 25 Jan 1619/20 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK.
Thomas of Polsted SFK died possessed of Gedding Hall and lands in many parishes, some derived by inheritance from his ancestors and other by purchase.
"Gedding Hall was an outlier of the Parish of Polstead but has been separated for more than 30yrs it now forms part of Leavenheath. The Hall was pulled down not many years ago. Some of the bricks still remain on site. It appears as Giddincg in an AS Charter c 972"
Rector of Polstead 1 May 1899
Alstoniana Pg 231
Suffolk PRO ref HA517/C12. A Thomas Alston of Newton Yeoman purchased a messuage in Ashen from Henry Grindley of Ashen Yeoman and Son. 20 Jan 1617.
On the 26th November 1647, commission was granted to John Alston, brother of William, who died at Woodhill, or Odell, Co. Bedford, Dame Frances Temple being dead and having left some of his (Thomas's) effects unadministered.
The Manors of Odewell in Gestingthorpe and Pelham in Turnstead ESS were held by Alstons.
Essex Record Office D/DR/T42/49
GRAY AND ROUND FAMILIES OF BIRCH, COLCHESTER AND DISTRICT
Series Farm(s) called Penriches, Goodriches and Brooklands in Elmstead, Frating, Thorrington and Alresford
Dates of Creation 1617. 28 May.
Scope and Content By Peter Poole of Broxted yeoman and George Poole of Takeley, Yeoman, and Margaret his wife, to Thomas Alston of Newton, Suffolk, of the same premiese for L620. [3 seals] [Note of Humph. Smyth attorning tenant.]
Essex Record Office D/DR/T42/50
GRAY AND ROUND FAMILIES OF BIRCH, COLCHESTER AND DISTRICT
Series Farm(s) called Penriches, Goodriches and Brooklands in Elmstead, Frating, Thorrington and Alresford
Dates of Creation 1617. 28 May.
Title [Indenture of lease]
Scope and Content From William Towse of Takeley, & William his son & h., to Thomas Alston of Newton, Suffolk, of the same premises [2 seals. One armorial].
Placement is conjectural ELF 2004
THE WILL of THOMAS ALSTON of POLSTED
Dated 11 January 1619/20
The will of Thomas Alston 11th Jan 1619-20 of Polsted co. Suff. yeoman (dioc. of Norwich)
I desire to be decently buried at the discretion of my executrix.
I give 40 marks to be distributed amongst the poor people of Sudbury Mellford, Lavenham Great Waldingfield, Little Waldingfield, Edwardstone, Mounts Illeigh, Groton, Boxford, Polsted, Stoke next Nayland, Nayland, Assington and Newton
To Mr. James Bromwell of Polsted 20/-
To Mr. Joseph Byrde of Boxford 20/-
To Mr. Tho. Nicholson of Croxton 20/-
To Mr. Tho. Dewsley of Edwardston 20/-
To Mr. Tho. Chamber of Assington 20/-
I give to Frances my wife to hold in trust for my son William (until his majority) the lands messuages tenements and hereditaments lately purchased from Anthony Pennynge Esq.
To Frances my wife my lands Tens and hered. in Enepsted and Frating co. Essex also lands in Ashen als Esse co. Essex, in trust for my second son Thomas
To Frances my wife my mess. lands tents and heredts in Stisted co. Essex, also ditto in great Waldingfield bequeathed to me by my father William Alston in trust for my third son Edward.
To Frances my wife my lands tents heredts in Thaxted co. Essex, left me by my late father also my lands tents and hereds. in great Maplested little Maplestead, Twynsted, Pebmarshe, Wickham St Paule and Gestingthorpe - also my Messuage in Edwardston - copyhold Lands in Melford Suff. devised to me by my father in trust for my youngest son John Alston
Having obtained judgment in the Court of Common Pleas Westr against Nicholas Heyward the same is defeizanted by deed between me and Thomas Robinson and his heirs - this money to be assured to my son John upon his giving a release to his brothers for the lands left to them respectively - should he refuse to do this, he forfeits the lands bequeathed to him.
The Manor called Geddingehall wherein I now dwell with the lands belonging thereto, also a tenement and land called the further Birchfeilde assured to me and to my wife for her jointure to revert on the death of Frances my wife to my second son Thomas
My wife to use the profits of the lands left to her As followeth L200 yearly for the maintenance of herself and all my children until said children are of age, the residue sf the profits to be divided between my four sons, my daughter Frances and the child to be born
To Frances my wife my household stuff and implements, plate and jewels, Corne in my barns and on the ground, cattle and tools of husbandry.
To Margaret Hills my servant 40/
To Suzan Cunnle 20/-
To Marchant 20/-
To John Agas 20/-
To John Smyth my apprentice 20/- at the expiration of his apprenticeship
The residue of my goods and chattels unbequeathed to be equally divided between my wife and children, my wife to have the use of the same until said children are of age.
Should my wife remarry she is to render an account to my brother in law Symon Bloomfeilde and to my four sons of all my saide goods unbequeathed and to enter into a bond of L12000 to pay the portions of my children and to join with my eldest son in assuring the Reversion of my mansion and lands to Thomas my son, my wife to undertake the bringing up and education of all my children
My brother in law Symon Bloomfield to be Supervisor of my will and to receive L40 for his trouble.
I appoint my wife sole executrix
Signed THOMAS ALSTON
Witnesses : John Hammond-John Potter-John Thompson the elder
Proved the 4th February 16I9-20 by Frances Alston relict and executrix named in said Will
Page 104 Alstoniana
Copy of Will on this file.
Extract from the Will of William Alston Thomas's father:
To my son Thomas Allston, and his heirs, all my properties in Thaxted aforesaid, also properties in Gt. and Lt. Maplestead, Gestingthorpe, Wickham St. Pawle, Pebmarsh and Twinstead. Also Properties in Gt. and Lt. Waldingfield and Melford purchased of Thomas Canham, Henry Jackson, John Lumpkyn and Nicholas Maffen, and any other properties not otherwise bequeathed in these parishes (except one property both free and copyhold purchased of Thomas Parishe the Elder in Gt. Waldingfield).
Inquisition Post Mortem.
Taken at Ipswich, II April 18 James i. (1620).
Ser ii Vol 384 No 155 1620.
co, Suffolk and co. Essex,
Long before the death of the said Thomas, one Richard Goodday, gent., was seised of the manor or farm called Geddinghall, and land in Polsted and Assington, co. Suffolk, held of the King in socage, as of his hundred of Baberghe; and in return for a sum of money paid him by Thomas, he therewith enfeoffed the said Thomas and one
Frances Blomefeild, afterwards wife of Thomas, in tail, by deed of 17 March 3 Jas. i. (1603). Frances now survives her husband. Thomas also held a messuage and land in Glemham Magna and Parham, of the Earl of Suffolk, as of his manor of Kettlebergh ; another messuage and land in Parham, of the said Earl, of his manor of Hacheston ; and land, etc., in Cranesforth, of the said manor; a small messuage called Little Fishes, and garden, in Assington, formerly belonging to the monastery of Bury St. Edmunds, of the Prince of Wales ;a messuage and land in Great
Waldingfeild, of Robert Crane, Kt., as of his manor of Morvys; a messuage called Pinfeild, and land in Gt. Waldingfeild, held of the King, as of his Honor of Clare ; another messuage and land there, of Marjory Clopton,widow, as of her manor of Sampfords ; a close there called Parkers, otherwise Upstrete close, of Richard Roberts, as of his manor of Pondhall ; a messuage and land in Edwardston, formerly parcel of the manor of Edwardston, of the Prince of Wales, of his Honor of Eye ; also a messuage and land in Wickham St. Paul, co. Essex, held of the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's, as of their manor of Wickham St. Paul; land in Pebmarsh and Twystead, co.Essex, of Nicholas Manninge, Esq., as of his manor of Dagworthe ; a messuage called Cranes, and land in Great and Little Maplested and Gestingthorp, co. Essex, held of Edward Wiseman, Esq., as of his manor of Little Maplested; messuage and land in Thaxsted, held of William Smythe, Kt., as of his manor of Thaxsted ; messuage and lands in Ashen als Esse, of the manor of Clare Hall als Clarett Hall ; a messuage and lands in Elmsted, Fratinge and Thorington, of William Purton, Esq., of his manor of Elmsted, and of Caius College, Cambridge, as of their manor of Fratinge; a messuage and lands in Stysted, of Thomas Gardyner, Knight, as of his manor of Stansted Hall, and of Robert Huddlestone, Kt., as of his manor of Pigotts, and of - Wiseman, widow, of her manor of Claverings als Newhall, co. Essex.
By his will, dated 11 January last, he left the messuages and lands in Parham and Glemham to his wife, till William, his eldest son, be 21 ; and the tenements in Ashen, Elmestead, Fratinge and Thorington, to his said wife, till his second son Thomas be 21 ; tenements in Great Waldingfield and Stystead, similiarly, till his third son Edward be 21 ; and the premises in Edwardston, and in Wickham St. Paul, &c., till his youngest son John be 21.
Thomas Alston died 21 January 17 James i. (1620).
William Alston, his son and heir, was then 12 years and 4 months old
Inquisition taken at Ipswich,
20 June 18 James i. (1620)
Ser. ii, Vol. 834, 1620. co. Suffolk.
In virtue of a writ for further enquiry, as to the tenure
of the manor of Geddinghall, whrch the jury again return as held of the King in socage, and not by military tenure.
Alstoniana pg. 259
The large memorial in Odell Church to Thomas and Frances Alston and families has 3 sets of arms upon it. At the head - Alston with the red hand of Ulster surmounted by helmet and crest. Below to each side - Dexter Alston impaling . . . . . Blomfield; Sinister Alston impaling . . . . . two mullets pierced or. St John.
Ref Harvey - Hundred of Willey co Bedfordshire.
Footnote Alstoniana pg 14: In the Bibliotheca Topographica Britannica Lond. printed by and for J Nichols MDCCXC, Vol IV, 31 et sequitur, it says "Thomas Alston of Polstead in Suffolk was the "fourth" son of William Alston of Sayham, and Margery Holmstead of Maplestesd. Yet it appears from an ancient pedigree in the British Museum that his wife was Catherine, daughter and heir of Henry Hampstead, and that he was the eldest son of Edmund Alston of Saxham, and Elizabeth his wife , daughter of John Coleman: and grandson of William Alston of Newton, and Anne his wife, daughter of Thomas Simmonds." The confusion here between this Thomas and his uncle Thomas is an illustration of the difficulty sometimes caused to the genealogist by similarity of Christian name. - Lionel Cresswell
Suffolk Record Office, Bury St Edmunds Branch: Estate and family records of the Elwes family of Stoke College, Stoke-by-Clare
ELWES FAMILY AND ESTATE RECORDS - ref. HA 517/C
FILE - Messuage in Ashen - ref. HA 517/C12 - date: 1617-1618
Purchased by Thomas Alston of Newton, yeoman, from Henry Gridley of Ashen, yeoman and William Gridley his son, 20 Jan 1617
2013 - There is a plaque bearing the Coats of Arms of Alston & Temple at St Peters Pavenham.
Thomas married Frances BLOMFIELD (BLOMEVIL) , daughter of Simon BLOMFIELD (BLOMEVIL) of Monks Eleigh  and Elizabeth PENNING , on 28 Apr 1606 in Newton SFK. Frances was christened on 8 Sep 1612 in Coddenham SFK, died on 1 Sep 1644 aged 31, and was buried on 11 Sep 1644 in Odell BDF.
Frances's (Lady Temple) Will was proved 9 Aug 1646 (copy on file)., The Visitations of Bedfordshire of 1566, 1582 and 1636 say - Frances, daughter of (Simon) Blunvillal's Blomfiled of (Monks Illey) in Suffolk now the relict of Sir John Temple of Stannton co. Bucks. Knight.
She is commemorated with a marble monument on the North side of the Chancel of Odell Church BDF, which is inscribed: "Here lies interred Francis the wife of Tho Alston of Polstead. Gent. who was buried at Newton in the said County by whom she had issue four sons William Thomas Edward and John and one daughter Francis She was after married to Sir John Temple of Stanton in the County of Bucks being daughter of Simon Blomfield She died Sept xi 1644".
"The History of the Parish of Bildeston in the County of Suffolk; with pedegrees and genealogical notices of the families of Alston et al" by GROWSE, Frederic Salmon. Private, 1892. 942.64BIL
Under BLOMFIELD page 45/6, It say that Frances Blomfield was born in 1612, which conflicts with her marriage date of 1606 which is clearly in the Newton Register although she is spelt Blumfield. She was baptised at Coddenham, 8th September 1612 - This requires ratification.
Their Arms: Quarterly per fess indented argent and azure, a bend gules
A Suffolk Family by Reginald Blomfield R.A. includes pedegree's from the Tanner MSS - photograhed 2003
Ref Ips R O QS 929.2 BLO.
EARL OF PETERBOROUGH (sic) v. ALSTON.
Answers, 1649 and 1650, of Sir Thomas Alston, bart., and of Edward Alston, Doctor in Physic, William Blomefeild and Joseph Alston, esquires, to the complaint of Elizabeth, countess dowager of Peterborough.
All the defendants believe their names are used as trustees of the manor of Grafton for Lady Temple and the Viscountess Monson. In 1639 or 1640 Sir Thomas received a certain sum of money on behalf of Lady Temple, but knows not what other money she has received or ought to receive from the Earl of Peterborough, etc etc.
Whittington, 2. 1649/50
Alstoniana Pg 199
The Manor of Mount Bures ESS was alienated by Richard Weston Esq. to Lady Temple who granted it to her son by her first husband Edward Alston Esq. (sic) it afterwards passed to George Creffener.
Ref: History of the County of Essex. Rev P Morant Vol II ERO
Manor of Bures:
1614 Richard Weston inherited who sold to Frances Alston of Polsted to hold in trust under the Will of her husband Thomas Alston for their sons William and Edward.
In 1639 Frances by then the widow of Sir John Temple released the manor to the surviving son Edward who in 1657 sold it to John Wiseman. (His son-in-law  ?)
Victoria History of Essex Pg 71
Manor of Gernons (Garnons)
Part the Barony of Stisted Mount Fichet.
. . . . . 1623 Humphry Winch sold to Francis Alston of Polsted who passed same on to her son Thomas, he to William Hale before 1685.
Victoria History of Essex Pg 300
Essex Record Office D/DMh/T36
MAJENDIE FAMILY OF CASTLE HEDINGHAM
Dates of Creation 1621/2
Scope and Content Deed of messuage lately sold by Peter Greene to Richard Ward sen. decd., in occupation of [blank] OnterDeboys, Colchester Inc. assignment of judgement from Francis Alston, widow, re property of Peter Greene inc. tenement in Colchester.
Placement uncertain ELF 2004.
Will Dame Frances Temple. Pg.282 Probate Acts PCC 1645-49. NZSOG.
Copy on this file to be transcribed PROB 11/201
Temple Dame Frances of Gt Woodhull alias Odell Beds. widow Will (182 Fines) pr Aug 9th by son John Alston P.r. son Edward Alston.
Probate Acts 1647.
IGI shows the marriage 8 Sept 1612 Coddenham and 12 May 1626 Polstead!
See also John Alston 
The manor of MOUNT BURES was an estate of 1 hide held in 1066 by Ulmer and in 1086 by Roger of Poitou, lord of the honor of Lancaster. (fn. 28) The descent of the overlord ship, which was recorded until 1488, was the same as that of Bergholt Sackville manor, West Bergholt. (fn. 29)
Manor of Mt Bures
By 1119 the demesne tenancy was held by Robert Sackville, and subsequently descended with that of Bergholt Sackville until 1614 when Richard Weston inherited it. (fn. 30) Richard sold it to Frances Alston of Polstead (Suff.), to hold in trust under the will of her husband, Thomas Alston, for their sons William and Edward. In 1639, Frances, by then the widow of Sir John Temple, released the manor to the surviving son, Edward Alston. Edward sold the manor in 1657 to Richard Wiseman of Torrells Hall, who sold it in 1662 to John Cressener (d. 1696), a wealthy London grocer and brother of George Cressener of Earls Colne. (fn. 31) John was succeeded by his eldest son Edward and then by his second son and fellow grocer George Cressener (d. 1722), who left it to his son, Edward (fn. 32) (d. 1733 or 1734) of Hamburg, a merchant. Edward's widow Mary married Stephen Wolfenden, another merchant of Hamburg. Following Mary's successful defence of a suit against Edward's brother, George, (fn. 33) the Wolfendens sold the manor in 1750 to John Hanbury. He was succeeded by his son Osgood Hanbury, and then by Osgood's son, Osgood, who sold it in 1790 to Abraham Newman. Newman's father Thomas had been the tenant of the demesne farm since 1733. Abraham (d. 1798) was succeeded by his daughter Anne (d. 1829), wife of George Caswell, from whom the manor passed in 1830 to their daughter, Maria, who married Maj. Gen. James Bourchier. Their son Charles Bourchier inherited the manor in 1862 and divided the lands into four lots which he sold in 1863. The lordship was sold separately and in 1996 was held by a local person. (fn. 34)
The manor house, The Hall, has a low building at the north-west corner which was probably the 16th-century service range to a hall which lay to its north. A large red brick house was built to the south and east in the earlier 19th century and there is a late 19th-century block on the presumed site of the hall. The garden is now to the south and east, but a platform to the west of the house and church may have been the early hall garden, mentioned in 1506. (fn. 35) That perhaps served the early house whose main fronts pre- sumably faced east and west.
Manor of Wormingford.
The manor descended with Little Horkesley until 1623 when Humphrey Winch, one of the justices of common pleas, (fn. 26) sold it to Frances Alston of Polstead (Suff.), from whom it passed to her son Thomas Alston. (fn. 27) William Hale of King's Walden (Herts.) acquired it before 1685, (fn. 28) and c. 1690 sold it to the Drye family of Milton (Northants.). (fn. 29) In 1791 George Nottidge bought it (then described as a farm called Garners). (fn. 30) He or another George Nottidge died in 1855 and it remained in his family until 1884 when James Inglis bought the estate, no longer described as a manor. (fn. 31)
Children from this marriage were:
+ 186 F i. Dorothie ALSTON  was christened on 24 Jan 1595/96 in Newton SFK.
+ 187 M ii. William ALSTON Esq of Odell & Pavenham  was christened on 12 Oct 1607 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK and was buried on 16 Mar 1637/38 in Odell BDF.
+ 188 M iii. Sir Thomas ALSTON Kt & Bt. of Odell  was christened on 28 Aug 1609 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK and was buried on 11 Jul 1678 in Odell BDF.
+ 189 M iv. John ALSTON of Pavenham  was born about 1610, died on 13 Aug 1687 in Pavenham BDF aged about 77, and was buried on 15 Aug 1687 in St Peter Pavenham BDF.
+ 190 M v. Sir Edward ALSTON Knt of Strixton  was christened on 22 May 1611 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK, died in Jan 1681/82 aged 70, and was buried in Jan 1681/82 in Strixton NTH.
+ 191 F vi. Frances ALSTON  was christened on 18 May 1618.
87. John ALSTON of Stisted & Belchamp Otten  (William Siam Hall And Sible Hedingham ESS 55, Edward Lord of Sayham 31, William of Newton SFK 19, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was christened on 23 Dec 1576 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK, died in Manor Of Kentish Stisted ESS, and was buried on 13 Sep 1656 in All Saints Stisted.
John settled at the Manor of Kentish, Stisted with lands at Boxford and Hadleigh.
Image Courtesy R Woodbridge-Smith
In the Visitations of Essex 1664-1668 it mentions ,
ALSTON of Stisted
William of Newton = Elizabeth Hampstead
John of Stisted = Anne Crachrood
2. Matthew, 3. William. LeStrange, Gent, 1665 = Hannah
The Manor of Husses Toppesfield: William Cratchrode Jnr held this Manor in 1585, about the latter end of Queen Elizabeth it was holden by John Alston of Belchamp-Oton, who gave it to his third son . . . . . Matthew, and he having no issue bequeathed it to . . . . . Thomas Cracherode.
Ref: History of the County of Essex. Rev P Morant Vol II ERO (See more below)
Extract from his father William's Will:
To my son John Allston, and his heirs, all household and farm implements, crops and cattle on Bloyes Farm, Sible Hedingham, Essex. Also Awbins Farm in Boxford in the fee of Hadleigh, Suffolk. Also the property bought of Richard Sendall and Stephen Cooke now in the occupation of John Coppin in Boxford, Suffolk. Also L2133.6s.8d to be paid in three equal portions at 4, 12 and 18 months after my decease. He is let off his debts to me.
Kentishes Stisted was alienated 5 July 1631 to John Alston of Hawkishall in Topesfield who bequeathed it to his son L'Estrange Alston who bequeathed it 20 April 1678 to John Alston his nephew and after him to another nephew named L'Estrange this last bequeathed it 22 April 1689 to his sister Elizabeth wife of William Jegon and to her heirs for ever.
Alstoniana Pg 358
PARKER v. ALSTON.
Bill, 4 February 1623, by John Parker of Toppesfield, co. Essex, yeoman, v. John Alston of Toppesfield, gent. Re a mortgage made to defendant by complainant.
The only personal particulars to be gleaned from both bill and answer is that one William Alston of Newton in Suffolk, defendant's brother, was one of the two arbitrators elected by the parties ; and that defendant was indebted to Lestrange Alston in the sum of L130 for his legacy given unto him by William Alston, deed., his grandfather, and lately paid to this defendant by the said William's executors.
Mitford . 28/101. 1623/4.
Alstoniana Pg 196
GREENE v. ALSTONE.
Bill, 26 January 1627/8, by William Greene of Toppesfield, co. Essex, yeoman, v. John Alston of Toppesfield, gent.
The suit relates solely to disputed payment of money due under a bond to defendant, his wife, Anne Alston, received into her own hands at his house at Toppesfield L20 of the amount due.
Mitford. 87/24. 1627/28.
Alstoniana Pg 197
GREEN v. ALSTON.
Answer, 7 February 1627/8, of John Alstone, one of the defendants to the bill of complaint of William Green (above).
This is the answer to the complaint of William Green and relates solely to the payment of sums in question, with no personal particulars whatever.
Whittington 425 1627/28.
Alstoniana Pg 197
GREEN v. ALSTONE.
William Greene v. John Alstone, gent.
Depositions taken at Toppesfeild, co, Essex, 13 January 4 Ch. I. (1629). Re disputed bond above.
No Alston depondents
Mitford. 639. 1629
Essex Record Office T/A 418/107/73
CALENDAR OF ESSEX ASSIZE RECORDS
Calendar of Essex Assize File [ASS 35/72/2] Assizes held at Chelmsford 7 July 1630
Dates of Creation 10 March 1630
Scope and Content Writ of Distringas ( to distrain ) for Henry Mildmay of Moulsham knt., Gamaliel Capell knt. and William Luckine bart., both of little Waltham, Thomas Titterell of Abberton, Thomas Pinson of Rayleigh, Robert Gouldinge of Great Henny, John Alston of Toppesfield gentlemen, to answer for transgressions "for (not mending) Peete bridge and Blackwater bridge". Issues of each, 10s. (ASS 35/72/2/73)
Writ of Distringas for Robert Golding of Great Henney, John Alston of Toppesfield and James Harrington of Great Maplestead gents., to answer for trespasses.
Blackwater Bridge et. al. Proclamation Lent 4 Chas.I. 3s.4d. each'. [ASS 35/72/1/68] 1629
Essex Record Office T/A 418/108/143
CALENDAR OF ESSEX ASSIZE RECORDS
Calendar of Essex Assize File [ASS 35/73/1] Assizes held at Brentwood 17 March 1631
Dates of Creation 7 July 1630
Scope and Content Writ of distringas for Henry Mildmay of Moulsham knt., Gmaliel Capell knt., William Luckins of Little Waltham, Thomas Titterell of Abberton, Thomas Pinson of Rayleigh, Robert Gouldinge of Great Henny, John Alston of Tollesfield, all gents., to answer for transgressions etc. Proclamation made Lnet 2 & 4 Chas.I. Issue, 5s. (ASS 35/73/1/143) 1630
Essex Record Office T/A 418/109/78
CALENDAR OF ESSEX ASSIZE RECORDS
Calendar of Essex Assize File [ASS 35/74/1] Assizes held at Chelmsford 7 March 1632
Dates of Creation 25 July 1631
Scope and Content Writ of Distringas for Henry Mildmay of Moulsham, Gamaliel Capell knts., William Luckinge bart., Thomas Titterell of Abberton, Thomas Pinson of Rayleigh, Robert Gouldinge of Great Henny, John Alston of Toppesfield, all gents., to answer for transgressions etc. Proclamation made Lent 2 & 4 Chas.I. Issues for each, 13s.4d. (ASS 35/74/1/78) 1631
ALSTON v. AYLETT.
Chancery Proceedings. Charles I. A. 36.
Bill 31 January 1634/35 by John Alston of Toppisfeild, co. Essex, gent. V. Robert Aylett.
One John Bolthode late of Stystead, co. Essex, deceased, was seised of a loft called Powlyes, and divers lands and tenements in Stystead, which on his death descended to his three daughters and coheirs, viz. Joane, married to Robert Harrys of Danbury, Phillipp married to John Hatch, and Joane married and to Robert Sawen, both of Stystead.
Defendant has purchased the part of Robert Sawen and his wife, Plaintiff that of John Hatch and his wife; and, there being but one deed thereof, which has come into defendant's hands, the plaintiff cannot defend his right to his third. Defendant says Alston has denied him due way and passage to and through the property, and the deed being ancient and the place names having been mostly changed, he could prove but few, and he desired a commission to examine into the matter &c, &c.
Note: PRO C 5/23/1 Alston v. Aylett: Essex 1654 may refer but not searched 2007
ALSTON v. AYLETT. 1654.
Chancery Proceedings before 1714. Bridges. 23.
Bill, 12 June 1654, by John Alston of Stysted, Essex, gent., v. Robert Aylett.
Another bill in the same matter as Alston v. Aylett, (Charles I. A. 36. q.v. above.)
Alstoniana see Table 23 Page 21, and same suit ubi supra
Essex Record Office Q/SR 317/40
SESSIONS ROLLS MIDSUMMER
Dates of Creation 12 April 1642.
Scope and Content Presentment Mr. John Alston was chosen surveyor, and the constables and churchwardens have not appointed the 6 days for the amendment of the highways which ought to be appointed the Sunday after Easter. Signature of: John Alston. Added in a different hand:This presentment was tendered to me by the surveyor of Stisted the day abovesaid. Signature of : James Heron. 1642
(It is assumed this is John Alston of Stisted)
Essex Record Office Q/SR 324/118,119
COURT IN SESSION: SESSIONS ROLL EASTER 1645
Dates of Creation 28,29 March 1645.
Scope and Content: EXAMINATIONS taken at Halstead before Thomas Cooke esq., justice, of "divers parties about the business of Mr. John Alston of Stistead." (The depositions are confused in their subject matter, and of no historical interest except for the passages calendared below; there is nothing else in the original to throw further light on the conjuror.) Martin Hurrell deposes that, between Easter and Michaelmas 1643 being the last summer but one, Mr. Robert Aylett, Mr. Thomas Allett and Mr. James Richardson, Sarah Feltcher, Abraham aham Rich, John Drake, John Dier, all of Stisted, Lambert Smith and "the conjuror that went in black apparell, of a browne haire and a blackish heard", a man of middle size, and another one Henry, the three last came from Sir William Maxie, and two maids of the same family, and sometimes William Drake and his wife of Stisted, Ellen Warren, Mary Wardthen of Bocking, now married to Stistead, and Mr. Edward Mott of Bocking, and divers others, had half a dozen meetings at her master's house (etc.). And further she saith that Sir William Maxie's man did conjure by making a circle in her master's hall, and setting up three candles which burned blue and when they put them out they did it with milk and soot; and saith that they feasted and had fiddlers from Coggeshall and Sir William Maxsie's maid played on the virginals; that she took a bushel of wheat (out) of the malt chamber and gave it to Robert Wibrook for which she was to have 3s., and Elizabeth Waite stole 2 bushels of malt and sent to young Samuel's to be brewed for a merry meeting, and finally saith that they rode in a coach to Sir William Maxie's.
Dr FRANCES TIMBERS - University of Toronto
Liminal language: boundaries of magic and honor in early modern Essex.
Magic, Ritual, and Witchcraft. 2.2 (Winter 2007): 174(19). Expanded Academic ASAP. Gale. Victoria University. 2 June 2009
In 1645, in the small village of Stisted, Essex, two serving maids told the Justice of the Peace that a group of twenty or more men and women had, on several occasions, visited various gentry households where they "conjured" the residents to sleep. This group included leading men of the community, male and female servants, and a "Conjurer, that went in black Apparrell." At the home of John Alston, the master of the two maids, the group dragged the master's married daughter out of bed and two men "had the use of her bodie." Then her husband was fetched and two of the maids "kissed him & puld up his shirt, & took up their Coates & lay downe on the top of him & they said that he did them some good, for he lay with them as man with a woman." They also dragged Alston's eldest son out of his bed and laid him beside his sister. The maids dressed up in some of their mistress's petticoats, while some of the group broke into their master's study and stole money. They even stole malt from their employers to be brewed especially for these meetings. The participants frequently ended these romps by feasting on stolen geese, capons, and venison, while fiddlers from Coggeshall played, or one of the maids entertained them on the virginals. At one such gathering, one of the members of the group was concerned about secrecy and made the participants swear "an oath to keep things secrett" on an unspecified book. Mysteriously, the victims slept through the entire proceedings.
On March 28 and 29, 1645, the two maids, Elizabeth Gallant and Martha Hurrell, gave details of this incident (which took place two years earlier in 1643) to a Justice of the Peace, in relation to a Quarter Sessions investigation of the event. At the next Quarter Sessions, Midsummer 1645, four of the people named in the depositions submitted a petition to the Justice to drop the related allegations. There is no surviving record of an indictment to indicate that formal charges were ever made following the investigation. The depositions indicate that sexual misconduct, theft, and conjuring were all elements of the incident in question. Several prominent families of the parish were involved in this legal situation. By drawing from other county records, such as court cases and parish registers, I have partially reconstructed the scenario in Stisted in the mid-seventeenth century. In brief, John Alston, one of the leading men of the community, accused Robert Aylett and his compatriots of invading his home. They dragged his son, his daughter, and his daughter's husband out of their beds and assaulted them. Then they broke into his study and took money. All of this was accomplished by "conjuring" the residents to sleep. (1)
The accusations against the Aylett group grew out of the fact that John Alston had lost some money out of his study. In order to identify the thief, he and his wife consulted a cunning-man, whom they paid 40 pence. The cunning-man confirmed that it was Robert Aylett and his confederates who broke into the study and stole the money, while Aylett charmed the household asleep. In Martha Hurrell's first deposition, she confirmed that another one of the maids, Elizabeth Waite, opened the study door with a "picklock," allowing Robert Aylett and three other men to enter. Alston, however, was not content with a simple charge of theft against the group. In addition to allegations of rape and physical assault, he also accused Aylett of using ceremonial magic. Gallant's first deposition included details of the magical ceremony. She alleged that the conjurer cast a circle in her master's hall and set up three candles, which burned blue. The group extinguished the candles with milk and soot. (2)
The historian can approach this narrative from several angles. The entire account could be dismissed as fictitious, merely wild delusions of serving maids trying to cover up a theft by servants; or it could be read as a version of "rough music," the English version of charivari; or it could be taken as an actual attempt at group ceremonial magic. During the alleged events, the Alston men did not attempt to defend themselves or their womenfolk; they were also passive victims. Yet the Alston men were not strangers to violence and confrontation. How could they explain their passivity and still maintain their male honor and their household authority? My assessment of this episode takes its cue from the work of anthropologist Clifford Geertz, who states that, "cultural analysis is . . . . . guessing at meanings, assessing the guesses, and drawing explanatory conclusions." (3) Speculation is often useful in attempting to grasp the hidden meanings inscribed in premodern narratives.
My approach to this incident grew out of my larger research on how the practice of ceremonial magic validated or undermined the ideologies of gender. (4) I consider gender ideologies as animating conditions and magic as a function of social arbitration. I argue that in this instance the alleged use of ceremonial magic constructed a liminal space wherein the victims were not responsible for their actions, or lack thereof. This offered the Alston family, both male and female, an opportunity to salvage its honor. The language of liminality, which is embedded in ritual magic, can serve many purposes. In this instance, it was a mechanism for the resolution of social conflict. In the seventeenth century, the boundaries of a ceremonial magic circle created a liminal space that protected the participants from demonic spirits. It was a safe container, temporarily removed from the profane world. In the incident under examination, several normal social boundaries were transgressed. The boundaries of John Alston's household were trespassed; his home was overtaken and his study was broken into and robbed. Boundaries of social status were transgressed; the Alston's servants engaged in subversive and disrespectful behavior. Sexual boundaries were broken; Elizabeth Drury was raped or, at the very least, shamed and dishonored. Gender boundaries were disrupted; Edmund Drury was sexually inverted by being mounted by the women and raped - a truly feminized victim. The normal world of Stisted was turned upside down. However, the Alston family's use of a narrative that included ceremonial magic constructed boundaries that protected the family's honor.
My methodology combines techniques of social anthropology with a poststructuralist approach that emerged from psychoanalytical methodologies born of French feminism of the mid-twentieth century. This entry point into the texts takes into consideration community relations in which the incident took place, including the social function of ritual in context, while allowing for a close reading of the texts that are a product of the specific social situation. The general conclusions usually gained about a community from a social anthropological methodology are made more intimate by the psychoanalytical approach, which acknowledges the fears and desires of the individual subjects under investigation. Since the 1970s, cultural historians have borrowed methods from anthropologists in order to analyze the meanings behind social and cultural practices. This approach is evident in the work of Keith Thomas and Alan Macfarlane, both of whom construct magical activity in terms of its social function, particularly with respect to the accusation aspect of witchcraft. (5) Anthropologists such as Victor Turner and Arnold van Gennep stressed the importance of ritual as a cultural practice of the society under examination because of the symbolic meanings attached to it. (6) Inversion rituals, such as charivari, are particularly demonstrative of the juncture of order and chaos; they provide a space for the culture to reinforce the norm, while delineating the unacceptable elements of the society. (7) As Catherine Bell points out, however, participants in the ritual do not consciously take their social problems to ritual with the expectation of resolution. Nevertheless, the nature of ritual sometimes allows participants to manipulate the social elements to arrive at a solution without ever really defining the problem. (8)
Ritual magic is also an intersection where diverse social and cultural forces meet and interact, including the real and the imagined. In combination with a social anthropological approach, a linguistic and psychoanalytical approach facilitates a reading of the texts that understands that a person's life takes on meaning through the narratives that she or he constructs about her or his life experiences. (9) How and why the text was constructed informs the historian of the subject's fears and desires, as well as broader cultural concerns. This approach acknowledges the importance of the role of the imaginary realm in a person's construction of self-identity. The fears and desires of the storyteller are inherent in the narrative and can be unraveled through a careful reading of the text. (10) Instead of dismissing the fantastic elements of the text, I consider them to be integral to the narrative.
An anthropological methodology necessitates knowledge of the community and its members. Relationships between the accusers and the accused are integral to understanding the tensions that give rise to accusations, as well as highlighting what was important to members of that society at that particular moment in time. The parish of Stisted is situated in the Hundred of Hinckford, in the County of Essex, in the area known as East Anglia. It is two miles northeast of Braintree on the river Blackwater, approximately forty-two miles northeast of London. One of the main manors in Stisted was the manor of Rainhatch, which straddled the parishes of Stisted, Braintree, and Bocking. It had been in the possession of the Aylett family since at least 1583. The Ayletts were an old, well-established gentry family in Essex county, dating back to the time of King Henry II (1154-89). In 1433, Richard Aylett was considered the chief gentleman of the county. Two of the principal men accused by the Alstons in 1645 were directly descended from this prestigious lineage. Robert Aylett (b. 1615) was the eldest son and heir to the manor of Rainhatch. Thomas Aylett (d. 1659) was his younger brother. Eventually, Robert married at the relatively late age of fifty and produced one male heir, but in the 1640s he was unencumbered by dependants and was not the official patriarchal head of the Aylett family. In early modern terms, he had not yet achieved full manhood, which was partially determined by being married and becoming the head of a household. (11)
John Alston (d. 1653), the main protagonist in this drama, was described as a gentleman and a major landowner in the area. His first born son, Lestrange, was born in 1600, which suggests that John was in his seventies by 1645. (12) In the 1636 Ship Money assessment, his allotment was valued at four times the value of the Robert Aylett estate. (13) At the time he wrote his will in 1653, he held land in Stisted, Bocking, Boxford, Toppesfield, Weathersfield, and Sible Hedingham, as well as in Ladley in Suffolk. (14) Evidence reveals that there was an ongoing competition between the Ayletts and the Alstons in relation to their standing in the community.
The maids, Elizabeth Gallant and Martha Hurrell, worked for John Alston. They each gave depositions on March 28, 1645, and then retracted and modified them the next day, on March 29. The substance of the two depositions varied greatly. In the first set of statements, they alleged that a group of twenty or more men and women had, on several occasions, visited various gentry households where they "conjured" the residents to sleep. This group included Robert and Thomas Aylett, other leading men of the community, male and female servants, and a "Conjurer, that went in black Apparrell, of a browne haire, & a blackish beard, a man of a middle size." The incident in question supposedly happened at one of half a dozen meetings held at the Alston's home. Apparently, similar romps had taken place at the home of other leading gentry families in the area, including Sir William Maxie's, (15) Lady Eden's, (16) and Sir Thomas Honniwood's. (17) Sexual misconduct was an element of the proceedings at the other locations as well, including pulling Lady Maxie out of her bed and pulling her smock up to her waist, as well as "using" Sir Honniwood in the same manner as Edmund Drury. (18)
Although the maids retracted much of their testimony on the second day, they reiterated some of the details. First of all, the names of the participants changed drastically. The Aylett brothers were specifically vindicated and two of the men who remained accused were described as being "base borne." In other words, the social composition of the group was altered from the Alstons' gentry rivals to a handful of rabble and servants. Hurrell also denied ever being at the homes of the other gentry families. At first this appears to be insignificant, but the inclusion of other high-ranking families as fellow victims had, no doubt, alleviated some of the shame from the Alston family. If similar events had happened to other respected families then that meant that the Alstons were not singled out for derision. (19)
The elements that were retained in the second version of the narrative are of particular interest. Martha Hurrell reaffirmed that Elizabeth, John Alston's daughter and the wife of Edmund Drury, was indeed taken out of her bed and "laid in the hall chamber, & then John Bayliffe would have abused her, (& that he took up her smock as high as her wast [sic]) but was prevented by the rest of the Companie." In both of the statements, Elizabeth Drury's brother, Lestrange Alston, was laid beside her; however, there is no elaboration of sexual activity by the maids in the revised version. Also, it is never stated whether Elizabeth Drury was awake or asleep during the attempted rape. So in both versions of the event, John Alston's married daughter was dragged from her bed and in some way sexually assaulted. And in both versions, the Alston men did nothing to protect her; in fact, they were passive victims as well. In both accounts, John Alston was "puld about . . . . . as he lay in his bed," but one of the maids, Elizabeth Gallant, prevented the group from carrying him downstairs. More importantly, there is no conjuring or magic mentioned in the second version of the story. This is of utmost importance to my argument--the element of conjuring was only a part of the narrative in the first version, the version endorsed by the Alstons themselves.
According to the maids, the Alstons and Drurys insisted that they recount the first version of the events. They alleged that they had been coerced by John Alston and his wife, Anne, as well as by Edmund Drury and his wife, Elizabeth, into accusing the Aylett party. Elizabeth Gallant said that Mrs. Alston followed Martha Hurrell around threatening her with a beating and if "she did not acknowledge what they charged her with (which was that before) she should answeare it in a worse place." Gallant even said that the Alstons would not let her go out of the house for fear she would tell the truth. But the day following their initial deposition, the girls were free from the intimidation of their masters and were determined to set the record straight. Given the maids' social position and the Alston family's reputation for violent behavior, it is not surprising that they were reticent to disobey their employers.
It appears that there was an on-going feud between the Alston clan and the Aylett family, or possibly between the Alstons and everyone else in Stisted. There had been several altercations throughout the years between John Alston and his sons, and the rest of the community. Twenty-six years before this incident, in 1617, John and his eldest son, Lestrange (only seventeen years old at the time), were ordered to keep the peace against certain men of the parish. (20) Shortly after the conjuring accusation, in 1652, the Alstons stirred up the community against paying rates for the troops during the civil war. During the investigation, it was revealed that the Alstons "have ever bin refractory in the payment of any some or somes they have bin rated att" and had refused to pay the last rate as well. (21) Later that year they were in conflict with the law again, complaining that they were being overrated for poor rates as well. (22) The first petition, concerning rates for the troops, was initiated by the constables of Stisted, one of whom was Robert Wood. (23) In January of 1654, Henry Alston, the youngest son of John, apparently got his revenge against Wood. Henry was found guilty of beating Wood so severely with "swords staves & knyves" that "of his life it was greatly dispaired." (24) But a few months later the tables were turned once again, as Wood, along with Robert Aylett and other Stisted yeomen, "riotously assembled" and broke a wooden gate of John Alston's. Alston must have been enraged that the jury returned the indictment as "not a true bill." (25)
This was at the same time as Henry Alston and Robert Aylett were involved in a dispute concerning payment of a fine by John Alston. In 1653 Henry Alston had been one of the overseers for the poor. Although the parishioners of Stisted had nominated Robert Aylett, along with two other men, to replace him in 1654, Henry continued to consider himself the official overseer. Meanwhile, Henry's father John was convicted for swearing several oaths and was ordered to pay a fine of twenty shillings. When Aylett and the other overseers endeavored to collect the fine, John Alston maintained that he had already paid it to his son, Henry. This case was also settled in favor of the Aylett faction. (26) The feud was still active ten years after the conjuring incident; Robert Aylett complained to authorities that Alston had failed to either scour the ditches or trim the branches back from his portion of the highway. (27) These incidents paint a picture of the Alston men as irascible, uncooperative, and aggressive. It also illustrates how an early modern community sometimes took the law into its own hands. The community rivalry was played out by passive civil disobedience, recourse to legal authority, and outright violence.
A common method of self-regulation within a community was the charivari, or "rough music," as it was known in England. Indeed, this incident could be read as an example of charivari, although the specific reasons behind it have been obscured. E. P. Thompson stresses that there were many variations of the ritual and impromptu improvisations. Some of the usual elements included masking, dancing, raucous or discordant music, and the "riding" of the victim upon a pole or donkey. These incidents often included both the middling sort and the "ruder" members of plebian society. There were many reasons for an episode of "rough music" in the early modern era, including a woman overruling her husband or beating him, unfaithfulness by a woman that went uncontested by her husband, generally licentious conduct of a married couple, or extreme cruelty by a man toward a woman. Incidents were often part of factional conflicts, like this minidrama between the Alstons and the Ayletts. Historians have also found that the particular event that was the focus for the charivari, such as sexual incontinence, was not usually the only grounds for the community's reaction. There were often other factors that had aroused community angst against the targeted couple or individual. (28)
Joan Kent documented an episode of "rough music" in Burton-upon-Trent, Staffordshire, in 1619, in which the victims were verbally and physically assaulted, as well as being imprisoned in the stocks. When the couple eventually returned to their home, they found that a chest had been broken open, and 5 [pounds sterling] and other household goods had been stolen. Whether this was part of the charivari or the actions of an opportunistic thief is not clear, but it demonstrates the extremes to which these episodes could go. This could help to explain how the incident of theft became associated with the sexual assault charges in the Alston case. "Rough music" was used not only to mock and shame the victims but was a means of punishing offending members of the community, and perhaps of recovering what some members thought was rightfully theirs. (29) But if this particular episode had started out as a shaming ritual, that would give even more reason for John Alston and his household to attempt to rectify the inversion.
Passive submission is usually part of the popular custom of "rough music." In the face of the entire community, the victims have little other choice but to submissively accept their punishment. One of the most outrageous elements of the narrative that was endorsed by the Alstons was the mounting and symbolic rape of Edmund Drury. The "woman on top" scenario is the ultimate symbol of sexual inversion. Victor Turner originally constructed "rituals of status inversion," such as the charivari, as a tool for reaffirming the order of social structure. But Natalie Zemon Davis has argued that sexual inversion could also undermine traditional hierarchies by blurring and reversing social boundaries. (30) "Riding the stang" or the parading of the victim on a pole was often part of an episode of "rough music." This was particularly relevant when the offense was wife-beating. One of the men in the group would dress as a woman and beat the victim, or his surrogate, with a distaff or skimming ladle. The "riding" of Edmund Drury was an even more explicit display of shaming. As both the husband and the wife were pulled out of their beds and sexually assaulted, it would seem that both were being targeted for some sort of sexual or social transgression. Another interesting element is that, in both versions of the narrative, Elizabeth's brother, Lestrange, was also pulled out of his bed and laid beside his sister. What role did he play in the family's disgrace?
E. P. Thompson interprets the charivari as a form of street theater. (31) This fits well with Victor Turner's theory of ritual as a form of social drama. Following van Gennep's three stages of ritual, Turner suggests that there are three stages to social drama: the breach of a societal rule or custom, the actual state of crisis, and redress by authority. (32) During the final stage of a social drama, an interpretation of the crisis is constructed that gives meaning to the event. Before the narrative is fixed, there is a state of indeterminacy, or liminality, which exists as a state of potentiality. (33) The person, or in this case the group of people, in this liminal space are between the worlds. They are temporarily not subject to the usual laws and conventions of society. In formal rituals, the liminal initiates become a community of undifferentiated individuals, without reference to social status. In this informal "ritual of status reversal," there was no division between servants and masters. Lesser gentry males and serving girls interacted as equals. Boundaries of social status and gender were both elided. Another characteristic of liminality is that the underling becomes uppermost. The structural inferiors, in this case the young female servants, symbolically take on the behavior of their structural superiors, in this case the older male masters. This is certainly evident in the maids' "riding" of Edmund Drury, as well as in the maids' dressing up in the clothing of their mistress. (34)
In an organized "ritual of status reversal," such as carnival, the more powerful members of the society patiently endure the aggression of their inferiors. Their reward is that the absurdity and paradox that arises from the ritual serves to underline the norm, which leads to the restoration and maintenance of the status quo. (35) Normally, inversion rituals provide a space for the culture to reinforce the norm while marking out the unacceptable elements of the society. Even in semi-organized rituals of inversion, such as charivari, the victims are expected to accept their humiliation as retribution for their transgressions. But perhaps John Alston did not humbly accept either his guilt or his punishment. By including the element of ritual magic in the narrative, a different kind of boundary was established that counteracted this temporary spontaneous inversion. A circle was cast that physically overlapped with the Alstons' household but created a psychic space outside of secular time and space.
We know that the boundaries between the "real" and the supernatural in the early modern world were permeable; ghosts, angels, and demons could easily transgress these boundaries. (36) But ceremonial magic purposely created a container that was "betwixt and between" the worlds. By constructing such a magical space through the narrative, the Alstons felt that it was safe to make accusations against their aggressors that otherwise would have been shaming or derogatory to themselves. The Alston family not only constructed a narrative that could give meaning to this particular social drama, but the narrative also allowed them to extract meanings that were disturbing to the participants. Instead of being considered as a passive bystander who allowed his home to be robbed and his daughter to be raped, John Alston could configure himself as a victim of supernatural power, beyond human contestation. This construction may not have been a conscious effort, but the fear of dishonor and sexual assault led the Alston family to unconsciously modify its narrative using material from shared cultural artifacts. The legal proceedings that produced the narratives contained in the historical texts reflect Victor Turner's third phase of social drama, wherein the narrative cements the meaning of the event for the participants. (37)
According to the maids, it was Elizabeth Drury (Alston's daughter and the assault victim) who followed the maids about "putting these things [the allegations in the first deposition] to them." Elizabeth Drury's husband, Edmund, had attended Christ's College at Cambridge University in 1625. (38) Cambridge had been a center of puritanism in the sixteenth century, and Christ's was the most radical college. Although there were more royalists than puritans enrolled in 1643, the college still had a reputation for its puritan outlook. (39) This reputation must have been somewhat tarnished by the group of philosophers known as the "Cambridge Platonists" led by Henry More, a student of Christ's in 1631 who studied kabbalah and believed in witchcraft. (40) Nevertheless, whether a seventeenth-century university student was on the side of Calvinism or Platonism, natural philosophy, including ceremonial magic, was a popular subject of debate. In fact, St. John's College, Cambridge, produced several magicians. The study of cosmography, which included astronomy and astrology, was encouraged as extrastatutory curriculum at Cambridge by tutors such as Thomas Allen (1540-1632), an intimate friend of John Dee, and reputed as another Roger Bacon. (41) Ritual magic had been transmitted and maintained during the late medieval period by the monastic and university communities. As a university-educated man, Edmund Drury would have been more familiar with this discourse. If he had Calvinist leanings, he would have viewed the practice of magic as papist. Perhaps it was he who introduced the idea of ceremonial magic to the Alstons as a strategy of defence.
There is some tenuous evidence that the Alstons leaned toward the religious left. Ralph Josselin, the godly minister of neighboring Earles Colne, commented in his diary that the men of Stisted consulted him concerning their selection of a minister in October 1644. Josselin was firmly on the side of parliament in the civil war. He served as a parliamentary army chaplain, raised funds for the parliamentary troops, and frequently prayed for success against the king's forces. He reported that the town of Stisted was alienated over who should be chosen as minister, "both parts stiffe; divided, a most sad towne, no care almost of any thing." His observations of the town support the theory of a feuding citizenship. Josselin noted that the men "would not condiscend [sic] one to another." It appears that the Alston men, in particular, preferred a more Calvinist approach to religion. One of the Alston men offered Josselin 10 [pounds sterling] out of his own purse "if [Josselin] would yeeld to them." Two years after this incident, Josselin traveled to Stisted to baptize an Alston baby. (42) Nevertheless, in 1652 Henry Alston stirred up a crowd in the churchyard concerning charges by the parliamentary troops "for drums and culls'es." (43) Apparently, matters of the soul did not override matters of the pocketbook.
Regardless of religious and political stance, Edmund Drury's wife, Elizabeth, had more invested in an alternate scenario than the others. Early modern rape victims were overwhelming concerned with their reputations. Men defined rape as a sexual act (as opposed to an act of violence), and the normal discourse concerning women and sex was one of acquiescence. Despite the fact that women were considered the lustier sex, they were constructed as being submissive during the act of intercourse. It was because they were lusty that they acquiesced. Garthine Walker argues that in order for stories of rape to stand up to male scrutiny, the element of female submission had to be absent. Any language of acquiescence implicitly fostered the idea of consent. One way to prove the absence of submission was by the demonstration of resistance. Too much resistance, however, could undermine the woman's reputation and construct her as a disorderly woman. (44) Yet neither consent nor resistance could be offered if a woman was "charmed" asleep and oblivious to the proceedings. Her honor could hardly be impugned if she had no agency whatsoever. Through the construction of the ceremonial magic narrative, Elizabeth Drury was able to transfer her agency, or lack thereof, to her assailants and her male relatives. Her hounding of the maids reveals her concern about the reconstruction of the event. (45)
The shift of attention from rape to magic protected more than Elizabeth Drury's honor. While it effectively removed from her any notion of complicity in the sexual scenario, it also protected the honor of her male kinsmen. Control over the household, and particularly, control over the sexual activities of wives and daughters, was an important element of male honor in this period. Men who did not defend their wives and families risked their status in the social order. (46) As one of the leading men in the community, John Alston had to maintain his position as patriarchal defender. His need to defend his position in the household may also have been affected by his advancing age. (47) Edmund Drury's reputation as a husband was also at risk. Not only had the men not defended Elizabeth Drury against attack, they had also been victims. In the first version of the events, the one endorsed by the Alston faction, John Alston was taken out of his bed and laid "upon a Coffer att his bedd feete." The group would have carried him downstairs along with the others except the maid, Gallant, persuaded them otherwise. Even in the second version of the story, Martha Hurrell averred that one of the men "was verie desirous to take her Master out of his bed & to carrie him downe." In both versions, John Alston was defended by one of his serving maids, yet another inversion of gender and social hierarchy. If Alston and the other men were not conjured asleep, how could they explain their submission to such behavior and still maintain their male honor?
If John Alston chose to frame the accusations of theft in terms of the supernatural, why did he choose ceremonial magic rather than witchcraft? Coincidentally, in 1589, when John Alston was a young man, Alice Aylett, wife of Thomas Aylett of neighboring Braintree, had been charged with being a witch and enchantress. Therefore, the Aylett name had already been associated with witchcraft accusations. (48) However, witchcraft in England was usually concerned with maleficium; theft and rape were outside its jurisdiction. Also, Robert Aylett did not meet the English stereotype of a witch as a poor, elderly woman. There are several examples of men of higher standing being charged with witchcraft. The profile of John Alston that has been sketched out here, however, is of a man who was proud and competitive. If his household was going to be conjured asleep, it was not going to be by just any common witch.
The construction of Robert Aylett as a powerful conjuror both strengthened the Alston household's position as victims and bolstered John Alston's honor. It is one thing to overcome the weak will of a woman, but to overcome a strong man's will takes a powerful magus. Robert Aylett's family was the chief rival of the Alston family in the parish. By accusing Aylett of conjuring the Alston household to sleep, Alston was inadvertently acknowledging the status of his opponent. Although the image of the magus was generally disintegrating during the last half of the seventeenth century, the power of magic was still held in awe. For example, the Alstons had no scruples about consulting a cunning-man for advice concerning the theft. Although Alston had been temporarily humiliated by Aylett's magic, he could turn the tables on his opponent by exposing his sorcery to the world. This not only salvaged Alston's honor in relation to his passivity but had the potential of dishonoring his rival. Magic provided a further discourse in their on-going competition for status in the community.
The background noise of England between 1643 and 1645 was a civil war, which divided the country along political and religious lines. As previously noted, the parish of Stisted was divided concerning the appointment of a minister during this period, which indicates some sort of religious rift. Generally, the county of Essex was a parliamentary stronghold; the county militia of the Eastern Association was particularly strong, although no area was strictly pro- or antiroyalist. The Quarter Sessions of 1645, when the justice examined the serving girls, were held before the decisive battle of Naseby, in which Cromwell defeated the royalists. Therefore, the outcome of the hostilities was cloudy, at best. (49) Josselin reports many days spent in prayer against the king's forces and expresses fear that Prince Rupert's troops would invade Essex after the battle of Newark. (50)
The background of civil war contributed to another reason why the Alstons may have chosen magic as their medium of accusation. The accused Ayletts, Robert and Thomas, were cousins to Dr. Robert Aylett, who had theological and legal training from both Cambridge and Oxford universities. Fifteen years before this event, in 1628, Archbishop Laud had appointed Dr. Aylett to the court of high commission in order to implement Laud's religious reforms. Aylett had particular responsibility for his home county of Essex, which was renowned for its radical Calvinist promoters. Dr. Aylett was one of several of Laud's contingent involved in impeachment proceedings in February 1641, although he personally escaped formal action. (51) Laud's reforms to the Anglican Church were widely interpreted as a return to Catholicism. On Laud's day of execution, Josselin described Laud as "that great enemy of the power of godlynes, that great stickler for all outward pompe." (52)
Catholicism and popery were frequently associated with magic in early modern England. Although there is little evidence that accusations of witchcraft and magical practice were a function of confessional divergence between Protestants and Catholics, there is ample evidence that Protestant England constructed Catholic priests as no better than magicians and sorcerers. In post-Reformation England, there was a near-universal association between the Church of Rome and the Antichrist. The religious underpinnings of the civil wars further reinforced this discourse. (53) Perhaps Alston felt that the accusation of magic would be particularly believable when applied to the cousin of one of the leading men in the county, a man who was an overt Laudian supporter. Regardless of Alston's personal proclivities, this strategy would be especially effective against the backdrop of a civil war defined in terms of religious sentiment, in a county that was severely anti-Laudian and proparliamentarian.
After a century of antipopery, the English population had bought into the Reformation rhetoric of the debauched Catholic cleric. As Lyndal Roper points out, Protestants often accused Catholic priests of sins associated with hypermasculinity, such as drinking to excess and seducing women. As Catholicism became demonized by Protestant rhetoric, the priest became the sorcerer. (54) This model of masculinity was juxtaposed to the Protestant ideal of the "real man" who was head of his household and master of his wife, children, and servants. (55) By accusing Robert Aylett, an unmarried man who had not yet achieved full manhood, of sorcery, John Alston was implicitly associating him with images of the debauched cleric. Whether or not Aylett actually had royalist or Catholic leanings, the imagery could still be subconsciously effective. Alston was taking advantage of the vast polemic literature that associated the Laudian version of the Anglican Church with Catholicism and the Antichrist. Moreover, in gender terms, Alston's construction of Aylett as a conjurer was antithetical to Alston's construction of himself as a Protestant married householder, a position that was quickly slipping away from John Alston, whose servants were in cahoots with the enemy in attacking his house and his family.
This speculative analysis of the Alston and Aylett microdrama reveals that the discourse of magic could be used to reinforce and protect gender ideologies. The social conflicts in this situation, which are animated by gender ideals of honor, hierarchy, and sexual reputation, were mediated through the narrative constructed by the Alston family. Postmodern psychoanalytical theories acknowledge that "self " is not a stable entity but an ongoing autobiography that the person constantly rewrites. (56) In this instance, the Alston family negotiated a narrative that salvaged its reputation and reinforced the family's subjective identity as honorable, upstanding members of the community. The Alstons's gendered preoccupation with honor interfaced with the anthropological function of ritual as a locus for resolving social conflicts. The residual texts that were produced from this discourse represent the production of a narrative that assigned meaning to the events for the participants. The texts can subsequently be deconstructed by the historian to reveal deeper cultural meanings.
Ritual magic proves to be a particularly apt lens to reveal cultural meanings because of its obsession with boundaries. Traditionally, inscribing a circle around something was a claiming ritual, as in the case of rogation ceremonies. The person or persons making the circumambulation marked a boundary and took possession of what lay inside that boundary, symbolically protecting it from external harm. (57) In this instance, the Alstons figuratively and symbolically cast a circle in an attempt to salvage their honor and reputation. Paradoxically, by constructing a ceremonial circle their household was vulnerable inside its boundaries; but, at the same time, the casting of this liminal space constructed a narrative that restored the family's honor, if not its safety.
(1.) This incident is referred to in "Appendix I" in Alan Macfarlane, Witchcraft in Tudor and Stuart England (Prospect Heights, Ill.:Waveland Press, 1970), 306-7. Unless indicated otherwise, all details from the incident are drawn from the depositions in the Essex Record Office (ERO), Quarter Session Rolls, ERO Q/SR 324/118-119.
(2.) ERO Q/SR 324/118-119.
(3.) Clifford Geertz, "Thick Description: Toward an Interpretive Theory of Culture," in Geertz, The Interpretation of Cultures: Selected Essays (New York: Basic Books, 1973), 20.
(4.) Frances Timbers, "From Faustus to Fortune-telling: Gender and Magic in Early Modern England" (Ph.D. diss, University of Toronto, expected 2008).
(5.) Macfarlane, Witchcraft in Tudor and Stuart England; Keith Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1971).
(6.) Victor Turner, The Ritual Process (Chicago: Aldine Publishing Company, 1969); Arnold van Gennep, The Rites of Passage, trans. M. B. Vizedom and G. L. Caffie (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1960).
(7.) Natalie Zemon Davis, "Women on Top: Symbolic Sexual Inversion and Political Disorder in Early Modern Europe," in The Reversible World, ed. B. A. Babcock (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1972); E. P. Thompson, Customs in Common (New York: The New Press, 1991).
(8.) Catherine Bell, Ritual Theory, Ritual Practice (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992), 16, 106.
(9.) This approach is evident in the work of Natalie Zemon Davis, Fiction in the Archives: Pardon Tales and their Tellers in Sixteenth-Century France (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1987); Lyndal Roper, Oedipus and the Devil: Witchcraft, Sexuality, and Religion in Early Modern Europe (London: Routledge, 1994).
(10.) Psychoanalytical concepts are adapted from Julia Kristeva, Powers of Horror: An Essay on Abjection, trans. Leon S. Roudiez (New York: Columbia University Press, 1982).
(11.) In 1658 when Robert the Elder died, Robert the Younger inherited the manor of Rainhatch. Robert the Elder of Stisted (d. 1658) was the second son of Robert of Coggershall and a daughter from the Thorowgood family. He married Elizabeth Barrows (or Burroughs) of Boxford, Suffolk. Robert the Younger of Stisted was their first son, born 1615. He married Mary Hawes of Stisted in July 1665 and had one son, also named Robert, in 1666. Edward Mott was also among the accused. Edward was married to Dorothy Aylett, sister to Robert the Elder, which made him an uncle to Robert the Younger. See Walter C. Metcalfe, ed., The Visitations of Essex, 1634 (London: 1878) (no pagination; entries listed alphabetically); Philip Morant, The History and Antiquities of the County of Essex, Compiled from the Best and Most Ancient Historians, from Domesday-Book, Inquisitiones Post Mortem, and Other Valuable Records, 2 vols. (London, 1768), 2:393.
(12.) This estimate is based on an approximate age of twenty-five at the time of marriage. John Alston was the son of William Alston of Newton and his wife Elizabeth. His wife, Anne Crachrood of Toppesfield, had given birth to at least seven children during their marriage. The three children that concern us are the eldest son, Lestrange, born in 1600; Henry, the fourth (and youngest) son; and Elizabeth, wife of Edmund Drury. See ERO D/DGd/T61, Will of John Alston of Stisted; Metcalfe, Visitations of Essex, 1634.
(13.) ERO T/A 42/1, Ship Money Assessment.
(14.) ERO D/DGd/T61, Will of John Alston of Stisted.
(15.) Sir William Maxie was the second son of Anthony Maxie of Bradwell and Dorothy Bassett. He married Helena Greville of Hareles Parke, Essex, with whom he produced at least nine children. He matriculated as Fellow-commoner from Queen's College in Cambridge in 1583 and was knighted on September 5, 1617. He died on July 24, 1645, at the age of eighty-eight, making him eighty-six years old at the time of the alleged event. See entry on Maxie in Alumni Cantabrigienses: A Biographical List of All Known Students, Graduates, and Holders of Office at the University of Cambridge from the Earliest Times to 1900, ed. John Venn, 2 parts in 10 vols. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1922-54) (entries arranged alphabetically); Metcalfe, Visitations of Essex, 1634.
(16.) Lady Eden may be the wife of John Eden of Ballingdon, esquire. John Eden was the son of Sir Thomas Eden of Sudbury, Suffolk, and Mary Darcy, daughter of Bryan Darcy of Essex, esquire. John married Anne Harlackenden of Earles Colne. They had a son, Thomas, also of Ballingdon, who was a barrister of law in 1664. See Metcalfe, Visitations of Essex, 1634.
(17.) Sir Thomas Honniwood was a Justice of the Peace for the Quarter Sessions by 1657.
(18.) ERO Q/SR 324/118-19.
(19.) There may be another reason for including these particular gentry families. Diane Purkiss suggests that the general disorder of civil war provided an excuse for vandalism by the "lewd and disorderly" sort against the richer members of society. Attacks were originally made against Catholic families but Protestant households were also plundered. The families who were targeted were often already disliked in the community. See Diane Purkiss, The English Civil War: A Peoples History (London: Harper Press, 2006), 132-33. Ralph Josselin also reported that poor people plundered papist homes. In the context of the civil war, "papist" could mean Laudian Anglican. However, two of the families that were named as targets in the conjuring incident, the Edens and the Honniwoods, were staunchly parliamentarian. Josselin recounts praying with Lady Eden and Lady Honniwood against the king's forces. See Alan Macfarlane, ed., The Diary of Ralph Josselin 1616-1683 (London: Oxford University Press, 1976), 13-15. If John Alston wanted to construct the attack on his household as an attack on proparliamentarian families by Laudian sympathizers (see below), the inclusion of these well known Calvinist families would support his appeal.
(20.) ERO Q/SR 219/112, 113, Recognizances.
(21.) ERO Q/Sra 2/78, Petition of constables of Stisted.
(22.) ERO Q/SO 1/13 ff 3v, 4r, Order book.
(23.) Wood was also a churchwarden on several occasions. ERO Stisted Parish Registers.
(24.) ERO Q/SR 360/18.
(25.) ERO T/A 418/144/23, Assize Records.
(26.) ERO Q/SO 1/221, f. 78r, 78v, Order Book.
(27.) ERO Q/SR 366/ 30, 31, Indictments.
(28.) Martin Ingram, "Ridings, Rough Music and Mocking Rhymes in Early Modern England," in Popular Culture in Seventeenth-Century England, ed. Barry Reay (London: Routledge, 1988), 167-91; Thompson, Customs in Common, 469-515.
(29.) Joan R. Kent, " 'Folk Justice' and Royal Justice in Early Seventeenth-Century England: A 'Charivari' in the Midlands," Midland History 8 (1983): 70-85.
(30.) Davis, "Women on Top," 152-54.
(31.) Thompson, Customs in Common, 478.
(32.) According to anthropological theories, there are three stages to a formal ritual. The preliminal rites involve separation of the individual from the community; the transitional stage places the person in a liminal state; and the postliminal or aggregation stage reincorporates the person back into the community. It is during the liminal or transitional stage that the social concern (the reason for the ritual) is resolved. Van Gennep, Rites of Passage, 11 and passim.
(33.) Victor Turner, From Ritual to Theatre: The Human Seriousness of Play (New York: Performing Arts Journal Publications, 1982), 75-77, 92.
(34.) Turner, Ritual Process, 95-96, 102, 184.
(35.) Ibid., 176.
(36.) Roper, Oedipus and the Devil, 5.
(37.) Turner, From Ritual to Theatre, 75-77.
(38.) Edmund Drury (1607-68), was the son of Francis of Swaffham Prior, Cambridge. See Alumni Cantabrigienses; Metcalfe, Visitations of Essex, 1634.
(39.) John Peile, Christ's College (London: F. E. Robinson & Co., 1900), 10; Quentin Skinner, "The Generation of John Milton," in Christ's: A Cambridge College over Five Centuries, ed. D. Reynolds (London: Macmillan, 2004), 44-45.
(40.) Sarah Hutton, "Henry More (1614-1687)," in Dictionary of National Biography; C. A. Patrides, ed., The Cambridge Platonists (London: Edward Arnold, 1969), 32.
(41.) Mark Curtis, Oxford and Cambridge in Transition, 1558-1642 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959), 236, 264. Although the most famous Cambridge magus was John Dee, who attended St. John's College, there were several other well-known Cambridge men who were involved with magic. The founder of Gonville and Caius College, Dr. John Caius (1510-73), had magical manuscripts in his library, which included instructions on how to obtain the spirit of a dying man as a familiar spirit. British Library, Add. 36674, f. 38. St. John's also produced John Vaux (c. 1604-5), who was accused of dabbling in magical practices and selling strange books from his church altar. See Alumni Cantabrigienses. John Lowes (c. 1590), the vicar of Brandeston in East Suffolk, was also educated at St. John's. He was accused of harboring witches and practicing black magic and eventually got caught up in the net of witchcraft prosecutions conducted by Matthew Hopkins in 1645. See C. L. Ewen, Witchcraft in the Star Chamber (London: n.p., 1938), 44-54. As a young man, Abraham de la Pryme (1671-1704) experimented with magic while attending St. John's. See Abraham de la Pryme, The Diary of Abraham de la Pryme, ed. Charles Jackson, vol. 54 (London: Surtees Society, 1870). The translation of Agrippa's Fourth Book of Occult Philosophy in 1655 by Robert Turner included seven dedications from members of Cambridge University, three of whom were from St. John's College. See the preface to Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa, Of Occult Philosophy, or Of Magical Ceremonies: The Fourth Book, trans. Robert Turner (London, 1655). Keith Thomas mentions several more Cambridge and Oxford University magicians who displayed interest in the occult. See Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic, 226-27.
(42.) Macfarlane, Diary of Ralph Josselin, xxiv, 23-24, 81.
(43.) ERO Q/SRa 2/78, Petition of constables of Stisted.
(44.) Garthine Walker, "Rereading Rape and Sexual Violence in Early Modern England," Gender and History 10 (1998): 1-25.
(45.) Perhaps relevant to our story were the exploits of John Lambe, a cunningman who was stoned and cudgeled to death by a crowd in London because of his magical practices, as well as an alleged rape. This story was widely known because it was published in a pamphlet in 1628. One of the incidents described in the pamphlet concerns Lambe causing a woman, who was walking in the street, to take up her coats above her waist. When asked by other women why she was engaging in such shameless behavior, the woman replied that she thought she was wading through a pool of water. In other words, she was under the spell of a magician and no longer had control of her actions. Therefore, she was not responsible for her actions and could salvage her honor. It also demonstrates the use of magic for deviant, sexual purposes. See A Briefe Description of the Notorious Life of Iohn Lambe, otherwise called Doctor Lambe (Amsterdam, 1628).
(46.) Elizabeth A. Foyster, Manhood in Early Modern England: Honour, Sex and Marriage (London: Longman, 1999).
(47.) According to Alexandra Shepard, Meanings of Manhood in Early Modern England (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003), 36, 45, an elderly man's right to patriarchal privilege was dependent on his physical strength and his past reputation. Manhood had to be constantly maintained through the subordination of women and lower status men.
(48.) ERO Q/SR 110/75-79.
(49.) Robert Bucholz and Newton Key, Early Modern England 1485-1714 (Oxford: Blackwell, 2004), 240-44.
(50.) Macfarlane, Diary of Ralph Josselin, 14-15. In 1645, when Alston was pressing charges, the whole area of East Anglia was under threat from royalist forces: Purkiss, English Civil War, 386.
(51.) Our Robert Aylett (b. 1615) was the first-born son of Robert Aylett of Stisted (d. 1653) and Elizabeth Barrows (or Burroughs). Robert (the Elder) of Stisted was the second son of Robert of Coggershall (d. 1603). Robert of Coggershall was the third son of William Aylett of Rivenhall (d. 1583). The second-born son of William was Leonard of Rivenhall, who was the father of Dr. Robert Aylett. Therefore, our Robert's great-grandfather was Dr. Robert Aylett's grandfather. See Matthew Steggle, "Robert Aylett (c. 1582-1655)," in Dictionary of National Biography; Alumni Cantabrigienses; Metcalfe, Visitations of Essex, 1634; Morant, History and Antiquities of the County of Essex, 2:393; Frederick M. Padelford, "Robert Aylett," The Huntington Library Bulletin 10 (Oct. 1936): 36-41; J. H. Round, "Robert Aylett and Richard Argall," The English Historical Review 38 (1923): 423-24.
(52.) Macfarlane, Diary of Ralph Josselin, 31.
(53.) Stuart Clark, Thinking with Demons: The Idea of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997), 532-34. Keith Thomas argues that Catholics were just one of many scapegoats accused of magic and sorcery, although this claim has since been debated: Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic, 559-60.
(54.) Keith Thomas notes that by the time of the Elizabethan Reformation, recusant priests were often deemed conjurers: Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic, 68.
(55.) Roper, Oedipus and the Devil, 43.
(56.) Harold A. Goolishian and Harlene Anderson, "Narrative and Self: Postmodern Dilemmas for Psychotherapy," in New Paradigms, Culture and Subjectivity, ed. D. F. Schnitman (Cresskill, N.J.: Hampton Press, 2002), 218-21.
(57.) Stephen Wilson, The Magical Universe: Everyday Ritual and Magic in Pre-Modern Europe (London: Hambledon and London, 2000), 441.
Gale Document Number:A171889290
Essex Record Office Q/SR 335/26
COURT IN SESSION: SESSIONS ROLL EPIPHANY 1648
Dates of Creation 11 January 1648
Scope and Content Presentments by Hundreds of Hinckford and Witham. The inhabintants of Wethersfield, for not repairing the highway from Toppesfield towards Braintree being against the lands of John Alston gentleman commoly called "Hawkesells" as for as "Cellyers greene" by estimation 100 rods. The inhabitants of Alphamstone, for not repairing the highway from Lammarsh to Febmarsh and Halstead, the place is called "Wellockes hill" Mrs Clarke of Stebbing widow and William Field yeoman, both of Steebbing, for recusants. John Roylands of Stebbing weaver, for sparating himself from the parish church of Stebbing and frequenting other unlawful meetings whre he himself preseheth to others. Peter Lidgecatt and John Sanders, Richard Casse and John Wilmott, all of Hatfield Several yeoman, for recusants. (blank) Sanders of Ratfield Peverel, for an unlicenced alehousekeeper. Mark
of: Robert Warner Foreman of the jury: the rest of the jur consent. 1648
Essex Record Office Q/SO 1/220
ORDER BOOK EPIPHANY 1652 - MICHAELMAS 1661
Extract - . . . . . And whereas John Alston gent[leman], father of the said Henry, being convicted for swearing severall oathes, Dionisius Wakering Esq[uire], one of the Justices of the peace of this County, before whom the said Convicc[i]on was, directed his warrant to the Constables, Churchwardens and overseors of the poore of the said parish for the levying the Twenty Shillings of the goods of the said John Alston for his said offence, . . . . .
See Henry Alston 
30 Mar 1654 John Alston holds land called Prke? (Priests) Grove pasture and Little Wrights, (also Bakers Undated)
Ref. Manor of Prayors alias Bourne Hall ESS.
Alston v Aylett
Chancery Proceedings before 1714. Bridges. 23.
Bill 12 June 1654, by John Alston of Stysted, Essex, gent., v. Robert Aylett.
Another bill in the same matter as Alston v. Aylett, above.
Alstoniana Pg 173 & 175.
Essex Record Office T/A 418/144/23
CALENDAR OF ESSEX ASSIZE RECORDS
Assizes held at Chelmsford 19 July 1654
Dates of Creation 20 April 1654
Scope and Content Indictment of Rob.Aylett, Robert Wood, John Wood, William Lambard, Thomas Harris, George Hurrell, all of Stisted yeoman, John Smith of Bocking, John Wodle and Isaac Medroppe of Stisted yeoman riotously assembled at Stisted and broke a wooden gate worth 8s.6d. belonging to John Alston. Witnesses: John, Lestrange, Anne Alston. [ASS 35/95/2/23]
Essex Record Office T/A 418/144/22
CALENDAR OF ESSEX ASSIZE RECORDS
Assizes held at Chelmsford 19 July 1654
Dates of Creation 30 June 1654
Scope and Content Indictment of William Lamberd, George Hurill and William Smyth, all of Stisted yeoman, there riotously assembled and broke an iron chain worth 10d. and a wooden gate worth 8s., belonging to John Alston. Witnesses: John Alston, Lestrange Alston, Anne Alston, John Grigg. [ASS 35/95/2/22]
(It is assumed this is John Alston of Stisted)
Reference: T/A 418/144/23
CALENDAR OF ESSEX ASSIZE RECORDS
Calendar of Essex Assize File [ASS 35/95/2] Assizes held at Chelmsford 19 July 1654
Scope and Content:
Indictment of Rob.Aylett, Robert Wood, John Wood, William Lambard, Thomas harris, George Hurrell, all of Stisted yeoman, John Smith of Bocking, John Wodle and Isaac Medroppe of Stisted yeoman riotously assembled at Stisted and broke a wooden gate worth 8s.6d. belonging to John Alston. Witnesses: John Lestrange, Anne alston. [ASS 35/95/2/23]
Dates of Creation:
20 April 1654
Essex Record Office Q/SR 367/93
Not dated: between 1654 - 1656
COURT IN SESSION: SESSIONS ROLL EPIPHANY 1656
Scope and Content: PETITION of the inhabitants of Toppesfield reciting that Katherine Boreham . . . . .
Signatures . . . . . John Alston, William Butcher, William Edwards, James Smyth, John Edwards, Matth. Edwards, John Scott, Thomas Bo(?d) ham, Edw.
Essex Record Office D/DGd/T61
67 SPERLING FAMILY OF DYNES HALL, GREAT MAPLESTEAD
Dates of Creation 1615-1768
Scope and Content: . . . . . and attested copy, 17th cent., of attested copy [n.d.] of will, 1653, of John Alston of Stisted, gent. Deeds of mansion on house called Cusee Hall, with dove-house, barns,
stables, yards, orchards, gardens and land (85a.) [field-names], 1615-1707; deeds, 1641-1700, including messuage called Colemans with land (43a).[field-names]; manor house called Hosyes alias Houses, with buildings, yards, gardens, orchards and land (157a.) [field-names], 1617-1709; deed 1676, including cottage with windmill, stable, yards, gardens and ground (1a); messuage called Crophall, with outhouses, yards, gardens,backsides and land (3a.) abg. on King's highway from Cusshall to parish church, Toppesfield, 1684-1707; land (42a.) [field-names] copyhold of Manor of
Barwicks and Sootneys, 1678-1703; and 3 pieces of land (4a.) copyhold of, manor of Stoke-juxta-Clare, 1706-1722 Incl. valuation, 1768, of farms called Abbots and Gurtens in Haverhill.
Near contemporary copy of Probate copy, m1586, of will, 1586, of William Bigge of Toppesfield, yeo.; and attested copy, 17th cent., of attested copy [n.d.] of will, 1653, of John Alston of Stisted, gent. 1615-1768
QUOTE FROM THE BOOK "SMALL BEER BY URSULA SIMSON" AN ESSEX VILLAGE (STISTED) FROM ELIZABETH I TO ELIZABETH II.
No publication date - page 13
. . . . . large and wealthy family in the village was that of ALLSTON. The name appears first in the Register of 1636, when Thomas ALLSTON, gent., was buried. During the rest of the century they are very much in evidence. There appear to have been two branches of the family, for one lied at Kentish Farm and the other at Milles, and it si quite impossible from the Register to disentangle them. There was a Henry ALLSTON who signed the Register as Church Warden in 1648, and in view of his office it seems likely that it was he who tried to influence the course of events in 1644, by offering 10pounds ti Mr. Joslin of Earle Colne, when he, (Joslin), was trying to arbitrate in the dispute about the appointment of the Rector.
Then there was John ALLSTON of Kentish Farm. He appears first in 1654 presented at the Quarter Sessions on two charges: firstly, for "allowing the ditch on both sides of the Highway leading from Cock Pierce Bridge towards Rayne Hatch to be unscoured, which ought to be cleansed by him, by reason of his tenure of the land adjoining the said ditch" and also because "he hath wilfully suffered divers boughs of his trees to overhand the Highway on both sides there leading from Cock Pierce Bridge towards Rayne Hatch, whereby the Highway is so dirty that people cannot pass".
The witness in both these presentments was Robert Aylett, who lived at Rayne Hatch. He evidently felt strongly about this as the Highway in question was his road from Rayne Hatch to the village.
John ALLSTON died in 1656, leaving his very considerable estates in Stisted and Bocking to his eldest son L'Estrange ALLSTON. The only other noticeable thing in his will is his bequest of 1s only to Henry , his youngest son but one, without explanation or comment. Perhaps he was an unsatisfactory character. L'Estrange was in trouble some years later for obstructing a watercourse in common footpath running from Rayne Hatch to Woolmergreen. (Essex RO Q/SR 408/20)
Of the other branch of the family nothing appears to be known, except that John ALLSTON of Milles died in 1658. It was possible he who four years earlier was in trouble for "disannulling an ancient footpath leading to the Church and laying out another way in room of it, to the prejudice of the inhabitants of the Parish and the towns adjacent" . It was at that end of the village where his lands lay." . . . . .
Ref: Susan Perrett 2009.
From the book of Toppesfield, showing John Alston's Belchamp Otten connection
THE MANER OF HUSEES.
Roger, son of John Huse, upon the death of John de Berewyk in 13 12, inherited this estate, to which he gave name. This Roger sprung from the ancient family of Huse in Wiltshire and Dorsetshire ; was a great soldier ; became a knight; had summons to Parliament in 1348 and 1349, and died in 1361 ; being seated at Barton Stacy, in Hamp- shire. John, his son, succeeded him. In 1419, Alexander Eustace and John Wood sold this estate to John Symonds. He?try Parker, of Gosfeild, Esq. who died 15th January 1 541, held this messuage, called Hosees, and 80 acres of arable and meadow, of John de Vera, Earl of Oxford, in socage ; besides other parcels here, and great estates elsewhere. Roger, his son, succeeded him. William Cratchrode, junior, held this maner in 1585. About the latter end of Queen Elizabeth, it was holden by John Alston, of Belchamp Oton , who gave it to his third son, Matthew ; and and he having no issue, bequeathed it to Thomas Cracherode; of whom it was purchased by Colonel Stephen Piper; and it is now in the possession of Dr. Piper [whose family sold it to Henry Sperling, Esq., of Dines Hall].
Ref: Mary Terbrack 2013.
THE MANER OF CUST-HALL.
The mansion-house stands near a mile south-west form the church. It took its name from an ancient and considerable familyf which were seated herein King Edward the Third's reign. Afterwards, it became the Cracherode family that had long been settled at a place called from them Cracherodes, in this parish. The first of the name that hath occurred to us, was John Cracherode, witness to a deed, 17th Richard. 1393. His son Robert, was father of John, an Esquire under John de Vere, Earl of Oxford, at the battle of Azincourt. John Cracherode, Gent., son of the latter, married Agnes, daughter and heir of Sir John Gates, of Rivenhall ; and had by her, John ; William, Clerk of the Green Cloth to King Henry VHI, and Thomas, who had to wife Brigett, daughter of Aubrey de Vere, second son to John the 15th Earl of Oxford. John, the eldest son, paid ingress fine for Cust-hall in 1504. He married Agnes, daughter of Tho. Carter; and departing this life in 1534, was buried in the middle of this church, under a grave-stone, with an inscription.
They had four sons and four daughters ; viz., Helen, wife of William Hunt, of Gosfeild, Gent. ; Joan, of John Tendring, of Boreham, Gent. ; Julian, of . . . . . Lee ; and Jane, of Peter Fitch, of Writtle, Gent. William, the only son whose name is recorded, married Elizabeth, daughter of John Ray, of Denston in Suffolk. They lived 56 years together in wedlock. At the time of his decease, 10th January, 1585, he held this capital messuage, called Custs, and 20 acres of free land, belonging of old thereto; also a messuage, anciently called Cracherodes, and afterwards Colman's, in this parish and in Hedingham Sible ; with several other parcels of land ; particularly Albegeons, and Camois Parke, Pipers Pond, &c. He, and his wife, which died 17th February 1587, lie both buried in the chancel of this church, under a blue marble stone. They had issue five sons and one daughter ; viz., Thomas ; Matthew, of Cavendish; John, Charles, William. The daughter, named Anne, was wife of John MooXhdim.- Thomas , the eldest son, married Anne, daughter of Robert Mordaunt, of Hemstead in this county, Esq., a younger branch of the Lord Mordaunt, of Turvey in Bedfordshire; by whom he had William, who died without issue ; Thomas; and four daughters: Frances, married to Robert Wilkins, of Bumsted ; Anne, to John Alston, of Belchamp-Oton ; Elizabeth, to John Fryer, of Paul's-Belchamp, and Barbara, to . . . . . Harris. He died 14th June 1619. - Thomas, his son and heir, then aged 40 years, married Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Godbolt, of Finchamp in Norfolk ; John, of Cranhamhall in Romford ; Richard ; and three daughters : Elizabeth, Brigett, and Susan. Mordaunt, the eldest son, married Dorothy, daughter of Antony Sammes, of Hatfeild-Peverell. He died 2d of February 1666, and she 6th of March 1692. Both lie buried in this church. - They had issue, Thomas, baptized on the 17th of September 1646; Antony; Mordaunt [who was a linen-draper of London] ; and Mary, wife of Christopher Layer, of Boughton-hall, Esq. Thomas, the eldest son, married Anne, daughter of Christopher Layer, of Belchamp St. Paul; by whom he had Thomas, baptized the 1st of June 1680. He was buried in this church the 8th of July 1706. Thomas, his son and heir, sold this maner, in 1708, to Colonel Stephen Piper, mentioned a little before [whose family sold in to Henry Sperling, Esq., of Dines Hall].
Ref: Mary Terbrack 2013
John's Will is dated 30th June 1653, mentions his wife Anne as living, his daughter Mrs. Drury, and his sons John, Matthew and Henry.
WILL OF JOHN ALSTON OF STISTED, Co. Essex, Gent.
Dated 30th June 1653.
I give to L'estrange Alston my eldest son my manor house farm or messuage called Kentish, in Stisted or in Bocking, now in my occupation - also my messuage lying in Toppesfield, Co. Essex provided he pay to my daughter Elizabeth, wife of Edmond Drury of Sofham Priory, Cambridge, gent. an annuity of L12.
I give also to my said son L'estrange my messuage with the appurtances lying in Wethersfield Co. Essex, my goods, chattels, corn, utensils and household implements which are in or about my manor of Kentish aforesaid, the down bed, bolsters, pillows, coverings, bedstead, curtains, vallance, standing or being in my farm called Hoses in Toppesfield now in the tenure of my son William Alston - (the said L'estrange to enjoy the above after the death of the testator or of Anne his wife)
I give to John Alston my son my messuage or farm called Hackseld and Tomlyns Bloyes in the parishes of Toppesfield, Wethersfield, Heddingham Sible Co. Essex half acre of land formerly used as a garden abutting towards the East and South of the lands called Nattalls and towards the west on the Common called Morris green - also another parcel of land of about 5 acres - about 7 1/2 acres of pasture - two groves about 5 acres called Nuttalls Grove - 3 closes or parcels of land called Bakers, 7 acres more or less - 5 closes of about 12 acres called Collyers Grove abutting towards the North and West on the highway from Hedingham Sible to Toppesfield - 5 parcels of land of about 10 acres called Wrights layes - a croft of about 3 acres adjoining with a drift way through it leading to a little meadow, the said meadow of about 1 1/2 acres - the spring or wood ground called great Wrights of 18 acres - the above lands being part of the messuage called the Hostage lately bought back from Edward Alston late of Hedingham Sible, gent.
I give to John Alston my son the half of my goods, etc. (the down bed and appurtances belonging thereto excepted) in my farm called Hoses in Toppesfield after the death of Anne my wife.
I give to my son Matthew Alston my farm, messuage or tenements called Hoses (Husees) in Toppesfield now occupied by my son William. Matthew to enjoy the same on the death of my wife Anne.
I give to my son William Alston, my messuage farm or tenement in Hedingham Sible, 3 acres of pasture called Priests Grove, a little piece of pasture at the end of Priests Grove, about 8/ acres of wood called Priests Grove, leading from Hedingham Sible towards Wethersfield, being part of the Messuage called the Park in Wethersfield, a cottage with its appurtances.
I give also to my son William on my death and the death of my wife, half of my goods, chattels, household implements &c (the down and its appurtances excepted) in my farm called Hoses.
I give to my dear wife Anne 4 of the best cows on my farm called Kentish, she to have the use of all my utensils and household implements during her life.
I give my son Henry Alston 1/-
I appoint my sons L'estrange and William executors of this my will.
Signed John Alston -
Witnesses: John Laplove, John Grigs, Uriah Wilsmore.
Proved 26th November 1656 by William and L'estrange Alston sons of deceased and executors named in will.
Ref. Berkeley 422.
TRANSCRIPTION of BERKELEY 422 2066 ESSEX PRO.
Will differs as follows;
WILL OF JOHN ALSTON OF STYSTED,Gent.
Dated 30 June 1653
To my eldest son Lestrange Alston my Manor farm or messuage and lands in Stisted or Bocking in my own occupation called Kentish.
All my messuage called Sawbones in Boxford and Hadley in SFK, in the occupation of John Grimsey. Also the farm in the occupation of Francis Browne in Boxford and Hadley, and the messuage in Toppesfield in occupation of Thomas Boreham.
My said son to pay my daughter Elizabeth wife of Edmund Drury of Sofham Priory, CAM gent. L12 yearly for life.
Also my said son Lestrange Alston my messuage in Wethersfield in occupation of Jeremy Sansam and the goods in my Manor of Kentish after the decease of myself and my wife Anne.
To my son John Alston the messuage called Hackless and Tomlyns Bloyes and lands in Toppesfield and Wethersfield and Hedingham Sible, and pieces of land and wood ground about 7 acres and half acre, also two groves called Nattles Grove about 5 1/2 acres, and Bakers Close about 7 acres, and 5 closes called Collyers Grove about 12 acres. Also 5 pieces of land called Wrights Layes about 10 acres, and a piece of wood ground called Great Wrights about 18 acres. All purchased by me of Edward Aldred of Hedingham Sible gent. deceased, being part of his messuage called Hostage, also to John half the goods at the farm called Hoses in Toppesfield.
To my son Mathew Alston my farm called Hoses, in Toppesfield in occupation of my son William Alston.
To my son William Alston my messuage and land in Hedingham Sibyle in the occupation of William Tavel and the pasture called Priests Grove about 3 acres, also two pieces of land in the occupation of Clement Rust bought of the said Edward Aldred, and one acre of meadow purchased of Bartholomew Browne of Hedingham Sible, and piece of land called Little Wrights about 5 acres, and a messuage called The Parke in Wethersfield of Samuel Perry and the cottage there in the occupation of Thomas Lorkyn, and the other half the goods at farm of Hoses.
To my wife Anne various goods
To my son Henry Alston 1/-
My sons Lestrange Alston and William Alston my executors.
Proved at London 26th November 1656 to William and Lestrange Alston the sons and Executors named.
Copy of Will on this file
A John Alston of Widdington held copyhold 164? see 
Stisted Register - Burial Thurten day of Sept 1656 Mr John Allstone
20 Sep 1658 Mr John Alston was buried from Milles
At the Essex Record Office in Chelmsford
item Reference Code D/DGd/T6I Dates of Creation 1615-1768 Extent 67 Scope and Content Deeds of mansion on house called Cusee Hall, with dove- house, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens and land (85a.) [field-names], 1615-1707; deeds, 1641-1700, including messmate called Colemans with land (43a) [field-names]; manor house called Hosyes alias Houses, with buildings, yards, gardens, orchards and land (157a.) (field-names), 1617-1709; deed, 1676, including cottage with windmill, stable, yards, gardens and ground (1a); messuage called Crophall, with outhouses, yards, gardens, backsides and land (3a.) abg. on King's highway from Cusshall to parish church, Toppesfield, 1684-1707; land (42a.) [field-names] copyhold of Manor of Barwicks and Sootneys, 1678-1703; and 3 pieces of land (4a.) copyhold of manor of Stoke- juxta-clare, 1706-1722 encl. valuation, 1768, of farms called Abbots and Gurtens in Haverhill; near contemporary copy of Probate copy, 1586, of will, 1586, of William Bigge of Toppesfield, yen.; and attested copy, 17th cent, of attested copy [n.d.] of will, 1653, of John Alston of Stisted, gent.
Date From 1615 Date To 1768
Ref: Susan Perrett.
12.2.2007 - Chelmsford R.O.
Parish of Stisted - Fiche d/P 49/1/1 and 49/1/2 for C.M.B for 1638-1689, much in Latin or damaged and very hard to read, the originals are needed with use of more magnification.
John married Anne CROCHERODE , daughter of Thomas CROCHERODE of Toppesfield ESS  and Anne MORDAUNT , about 1588. Anne was christened on 19 Jan 1574-1755 in Toppesfield ESS and was buried on 11 Oct 1657 in Toppesfield ESS.
Toppesfield Parish Registers ESS.
Anne daughter of Thomas "Crocherode" was baptised 19th day of January in the year of our Lord 1574 (5)
ERO Microfiche D/P 163/1/1 (1 of 3) 13 Feb 2007 Tom Perrett. (Crocherode partly illegible)
Anne, daughter of Thomas Crocherode, of Toppesfield, Essex, by Anne his wife, daughter of Thomas Mordaunt, of Hempstead, in the same county, by Barbara, his wife, daughter of and heir of John Le Strange, of Little Massingham, Co. Norfolk. Mrs. Alston was living in 1653.
Anne CRACHERODE -
Parish Registers Toppesfield baptisms
1574 Anne daughter of Thomas (looks like Crocherode) was baptised 19th day of January in the year of our Lord God 1574/75
Susan Perrett 13.2.07 Microfiche D/P 163/1/1 (1 of 3)
Anne Alston gent widdow was buried the 11th October 1657
Children from this marriage were:
+ 192 M i. L'Estrange ALSTON  was born after 1598, was christened on 23 Apr 1601 in St Ethelbert and All Saints Belchamp Otten ESS, and died about 1681.
+ 193 M ii. William ALSTON of Sible Hedingham ESS  was born after 1598, was christened circa 25 Feb 1608/09 in Sible Hedingham ESS, and died before 5 May 1699.
+ 194 M iii. Matthew ALSTON  was born in 1602 in Stisted ESS, was christened on 24 Nov 1602 in St Ethelbert and All Saints Belchamp Otten ESS, and died in Oct 1677 aged 75.
+ 195 F iv. Ann ALSTON  was christened on 9 Nov 1603 in Belchamp Otten.
+ 196 M v. John ALSTON The Younger  was born in Stisted ESS, was christened on 21 Feb 1604/05 in St Ethelbert and All Saints Belchamp Otten ESS, died in 1658 aged 53, and was buried on 20 Sep 1658 in Milles.
+ 197 F vi. Elizabeth ALSTON  was born after 1598 in Stisted ESS, was christened on 9 Jan 1606/07 in Sible Hedingham ESS, and was buried on 3 Oct 1684 in St Mary Swaffham Prior CAM.
+ 198 F vii. Anne ALSTON  was born after 1598, was christened on 28 Jun 1611 in Sible Hedingham ESS, and died after 1654.
+ 199 F viii. Susanna ALSTON  was christened on 14 Dec 1614 in Sible Hedingham ESS.
+ 200 M ix. Henry ALSTON of Stistead  was born in Stisted ESS and was christened on 3 Jun 1616 in Sible Hedingham ESS.
+ 201 M x. Thomas ALSTON  was christened on 19 Apr 1620 in Toppesfield ESS and was buried in 1636 in Stisted ESS.
88. Joseph ALSTON  (William Siam Hall And Sible Hedingham ESS 55, Edward Lord of Sayham 31, William of Newton SFK 19, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was born in 1578, was christened on 9 Nov 1578 in Newton by Sudbury, and died about 1625 aged about 47.
Manor of Overtye, Bramford.
In the lifetime of Thomas created Earl of Clevedon in 1626 we find the Manor vested in Joseph Alston at whose death in 1625 it passed to his brother and heir.
The Manors of Suffolk pg 268
In 1631 a Mr Joseph Alston of Kingsholm SFK left L7-13-0 for bread for the poor of Sible Hedingham, the charity still continued in 1905.
Hundred of Hinckford. Sible Hedingham. 1631 Mr. Joseph Alston of Kingsholm in Suffolk gave an annuity of 10/- out of land called Lambpits to be distributed to the poor on Easter Monday.
Alstoniana Pg 364
It is completely conjectural that these matters relate to Joseph 
89. Margery ALSTON  (William Siam Hall And Sible Hedingham ESS 55, Edward Lord of Sayham 31, William of Newton SFK 19, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was christened on 6 Oct 1584 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK and died after 1616.
Extract from Margery's Father's Will:
To my daughter Margery Parker, L200, to be paid oin three equal instsallments at 4, 12 and 18 months after my decease.
Also an annuity of L10 for life from the freehold lands purchased of Henry Jackson, John Lumpkyn and Nicholas Maffen, in Gt. and Lt. Waldingfield, to be paid at the feasts of the Annouciation and of St. Michael.
If these payments are not made, then Margery Parker may enter upon these land until her money has been recouped.
Margery married Valentine PARKER  on 15 Oct 1601 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK.
Children from this marriage were:
+ 202 M i. Augustine PARKER  .
+ 203 F ii. Susan PARKER  .
90. Edward ALSTON of Edwardstone  (Thomas of Edwardstone 56, Edward Lord of Sayham 31, William of Newton SFK 19, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) died before 1651.
Edward is of Sudbury and Edwardstone. He was not mentioned in his fathers Will, and does not appear to have had issue by his second marriage.
Accepted at Kettleborough 16 July 1575.
The IGI has several conflicting entries between 1561 and 1600 for the birth of Edward son of Thomas and Dorothy Homestead & Hamstead, also the Edwardstone Transcripts Pg 353 Alstoniana refer to an unplaced Edward son of Thomas bap 1603 Edwardstone
Thomas was mentioned for 20/- in his half brother Isaac Alston's will 20 May 1625.
ALSTON v. DOGGETT & others.
Bill 5 Feb. 1644/5 by Edward Alston, late of Edwardeston, co. Suffolk, clothier, but now of Sudbury in the said co. v. Avice Doggett and others.
In 1603 the complainant took a bet of L10 (40 to one against) that Wm. Doggett and Avice his wife, being then old, would not live for 40 years, and gave a bond in the penal sum of L800 to pay them L400 if they should be living on the corresponding day in 1643. The suit relates merely to this bond, and contains no Alstone material.
Mitford 54/44 1644/5
Alstoniana Pg 173
An Edward Alstone of Edwardstone was an overseer and witness to the Will of John Houlton gent of Sudbury, 30 October 1650.
Ref: Scroope 869, NZSOG Auckland.
THE WILL OF EDWARD ALSTON OF SUDBURIE Gent.
Dated February 3 1648/49
I give to Fraunces my wife an annuity of L20 according to an obligation given unto Mr. George Chauncey her late brother before our marriage, also the sum of L40, my silver tankard, and the goods and chattels belonging to her before our marriage.
I give to my son Edward Alston Doctor in Physick of St. Mary Hill, London, one great gold ring which was his own mothers - to his wife 40/- for a ring and the same amount to his two daughters for rings.
I give to the children of my late son Thomas Alston as followeth -
To Edward Alston L70
To Thomas Alston L60
I give to the children of my late son Abraham Alston -
To Abraham Alston L70
To Margaret and Deborah his sisters L50 each
To their mother Deborah Steele my daughter-in-law L20
I give to Mistris Jane Coe my wives sister L20
I give to the children of my late daughter Margaret Skynner as followeth-
To Richard Skynner L10
To Edward Skynner L50
To Margaret Skynner L100
The grandsons to receive their legacies at the age of 21 the grand daughters at 20
I give to my cousin Ellinor Canellor L5
I give to my son Penning Alston and his wife 40/- each to buy rings
I give to Joseph Alston and his wife and 3 children 40/- each to buy rings
I give unto my son Gilbert, my daughter his wife (Elizabeth) and to their two daughters 40/- each
To the poor people of Edwardston L5 to be distributed as followeth- Anne Wasse who was once my servant to have 10/-, the L4.10 to be distributed at the discretion of the Churchwardens and Minister of Edwardston
To the poor of Sudbury L5 viz.
To Gregory Parish 50/-
To St Peter's Parish 30/-.
To All Saints 20/- this money to be distributed with the approval of my kinsman Mr. Joseph Mann of Sudbury.
20/- to be paid for my funeral sermon.
I give Amy Curd my sister 20 nobles
To Edward Skynner my godson L5 besides his former legacy
To my kinsman Joseph Mann 40/- to his wife 40/-
Should any of my grandchildren die before the age at which they are to receive their said legacies, the survivor or survivors to receive the same in equal parts, except Richard Skynner shall have no parte of the legacy of his said brother' or sister's
I give my household stuff, implements and furniture, and plate, not before bequeathed to my wife and to the said Abraham Margaret Deborah Edward and Thomas Alston, Edward, John, and Margaret Skynner my grandchildren - to be equally divided, my loving wife to have the first choice - my own two sons Edward and Joseph I empower to make the division -
I give to my loving kinsman Samuel Skynner L5 and my kinswoman his wife 40/-
I appoint my sons Doctor Alston and Joseph Alston executors
Signed Edward Alston
Codicil - I nominate my son Penning Alston joint executor with my other two sons and I give Sarah his daughter 40/-
Signed Edward Alston
Witnesses: Joseph Alston, Joseph Mann, Samuel Skynner
Proved: 12th May 1651 by Edward Alston Doctor of Physic Penning and Joseph Alston sons of dec'd and executors named in will.
Ref. Grey 79.
Copy of Will 11/216 on this file
The following is not proven to Edward 
"In the year 1637, during divine service there was a violent thunder storm and a lad had bought his masters horse, for a Mr Edward Alston one of the worshippers. Seeing the rain some of the congregration beckoned to the boy to take shelter in the porch where there was insufficient room for boy and horse, so the horse entered the church itself.
Mr Alston seeing the animal mounted it within the building and rode out it is stated using at the same time some indiscreet words to the Sexton"
For this act Mr Alston was arrainged before the court and it was thought fit that he should do penance by acknowledging his fault in the said church. In delivering judgement, the presiding judge decreed that "as Mr Alston is an ancient gentleman in years and desireth that he may rather redeem his penance, I accept his offer to pay 20 marks towards the repair of St Pauls Church London and he is to pay L6 13s 4d to the promotor of the suit.
Ref: A Guide to the Church and Parish of Edwardstone" 1980
Cuttings file Edwardstone, Bury RO.
Suffolk RO 942.64
Feb. 5. 1636. Order of Sir John Lambe, referee of the case of Edward Alston, charged in the High Commission with defiling the vestry and riding into the church of Edwardstone, Suffolk (see Vol. ccclvii., No. 174). In the matter of the vestry he has lawfully purged himself. For the other charge, it was in a great shower of rain, and without his command, that his horse was brought into the church; but he got up upon him in the church and used some indiscreet words to the sexton. Therefore it is fit that he acknowledge his fault in the church; but being an ancient gentleman, he desires to redeem his penance, and offers 20 marks towards the repairs of St. Paul's, which Sir John accepts, and further orders him to pay 6?. 13s. 4c?. costs. [Draft, lip.]
From Calendar of State Papers: Preserved in the State Paper Department ..., Volume 12
[May?] 174. Statements ready to be deposed by Francis Whistler, Thomas Munford, John Halliwell, Thomas Randall, William Usher, Thomas Crick, Robert Edwards, Peter Packharnes, George King, and George Buckingham, in defence of Edward Alston, charged with defiling the vestry and riding into the church of Edwardstone, Suffolk. The defence was that the defilement was the act of " one of Mr. Brande's sons," and that Alston did not ride into church, but that his boyr without his master's knowledge, brought a horse within the 1C37 Vol. CCCLVII.
church-door, being called in by some of the parish during " a terrible tempest." [2 pp."]
Calendar of State Papers, Domestic Series, of the Reign of Charles I, Volume 11
Edward married Margaret PENNING , daughter of Arthur PENNING of Kettleborough Suffolk.  and Catherine BROOKE , in 1586 in Edwardstone SFK. Margaret was born in 1565.
Margaret was mentioned for 20/- in Isaac Alston's will, 20 May 1625.
Children from this marriage were:
+ 204 M i. Sir Edward ALSTON Kt M.D.  was born in 1595 in Suffolk, died on 24 Dec 1669 in Gt St Helens Bishopsgate. aged 74, and was buried on 31 Dec 1669 in St Helens Bishopsgate London.
+ 205 M ii. Thomas ALSTON  was christened in 1598 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 206 M iii. Arthur ALSTON  was christened in 1600 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 207 M iv. Sir Joseph ALSTON Knt. Bart of Chelsea & Bradwell  was born after 20 May 1604 in Edwardstone SFK, died in 1688, and was buried on 31 May 1688 in Chelsea Parish Church.
+ 208 M v. Abraham ALSTON  was born about 1605 in Edwardstone SFK and died about 1634 aged about 29.
+ 209 M vi. Penning ALSTON  was christened in 1606 in Edwardstone SFK, died on 26 Apr 1668 aged 62, and was buried on 28 Apr 1668 in Saint Botolphs Aldersgate LND.
+ 210 M vii. John ALSTON  was christened in 1612 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 211 F viii. Elizabeth ALSTON  was born about 1613 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 212 F ix. Margaret ALSTON  was born about 1615 in Edwardstone SFK.
Edward next married Frances CHAUNCEY .
91. Thomas ALSTON  (Thomas of Edwardstone 56, Edward Lord of Sayham 31, William of Newton SFK 19, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) died on 14 Jul 1604.
Spouse's first name(s)
Spouse's last name
England, Boyd's Marriage Indexes, 1538-1850
THOMAS ALSTON, JUNIOR.
Inquisition taken at Great Dunmow, co. Essex, 29 September 12 James i. (1614)
Ser. ii, Vol. 342, No. 99. co Essex
The jury say that one Dorothy Holmested, mother of the said Thomas Alston, was seised of a moiety of the rectory, and advowson of the vicarage of Great Maplested, co. Essex. She afterwards married Thomas Alston, father of the aforesaid Thomas, who was their eldest son. She died 3 April 21 Elizabeth (1579); her husband survived till 3 May last (1614).
Thomas Alston junior died 14 July 2 James i. (1604).
Thomas Alston, his son and heir, is now 17 year 6 months and 17 days old.
The rectory, &c., is held of the crown in chief (held of the King "in capite" by Knight's Service).
Alstoniana pg 258
Several of Thomas's daughters were mentioned in their Step Grandmothers will dated 24-25 Jan 1625-6, which is rather ambiguous in its transcribed form. However the IGI has ascribed them with John, to Thomas and Elizabeth West. Matter needs more research.
Thomas spouse unknown Elizabeth PRETTYMAN. , daughter of John PRETTYMAN.  and Rachel HARWELL , on 4 Feb 1593/94 in Bacton SFK. Elizabeth was born in 1571 in Bacton SFK.
Alstoniana is silent on a wife for Thomas but Boyds records a marriage in 1594 which has been tentatively adopted
A later child ?
Burial Date 05 Jul 1667
Burial Place Bacton, Suffolk, England
Father John Prettyman
FHL Film Number 1658080
Children from this marriage were:
+ 213 M i. Thomas ALSTON "Le Unthrift"  was born in 1598 and died in 1634 aged 36.
+ 214 M ii. John ALSTON  was christened on 12 Aug 1600 in Polstead SFK.
+ 215 F iii. Mary ALSTON  was born about 1602 in Newton SFK.
+ 216 F iv. Jane ALSTON  was christened on 17 Oct 1598 in Polstead SFK.
+ 217 F v. Dorothy ALSTON  was christened on 27 Sep 1597 in Polstead SFK.
+ 218 F vi. Helen ALSTON  was christened on 19 Oct 1602 in Polstead SFK.
+ 219 F vii. Ellen ALSTON  .
92. Alice ALSTON  (Thomas of Edwardstone 56, Edward Lord of Sayham 31, William of Newton SFK 19, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was born about 1570 in Edwardstone SFK.
Do. dat. 10 Dec. 1595. Wm. Cooke of Tharston co. Norf. and Alice Alston dau. of Thos. Alston of Newton co. Suff.
The earliest Edwardstone Parish Register entry are from Bishops Transcripts Sudbury dated 1577 Pg 353 & 366 Alstoniana.
Alice married William COOKE  on 17 Feb 1594/95 in Newton SFK.
William was of Thurston NFK, married by Licence
93. Elizabeth ALSTON  (Thomas of Edwardstone 56, Edward Lord of Sayham 31, William of Newton SFK 19, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was born about 1572 in Newton SFK and was buried on 8 May 1609 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK.
Appended to the Burial Entry in the Newton Register were the latin words "Gravida ante nuptias" - alas, frail women. Her age was shown as 37. She was living unmarried in 1591.
94. Abraham ALSTON  (Thomas of Edwardstone 56, Edward Lord of Sayham 31, William of Newton SFK 19, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was born on an unknown date and was buried on 5 Feb 1623/24 in Newton SFK.
Abraham's will left to his brothers Samuel and Isack Alston "all and singular my messuages Lands Tenements hereditaments whatsoever as well free hould and coppy hould as lease or ferme hould with all and e'uy of ther appentances situate and lyeing and being in Newton above named or else where in the faid Count of Suffolk" etc.
Found in a book Growses Pg. 20 Bildeston Parish - 1892
TRADES - Tokens of the Seventeenth Century Issued at Bildeston.
1. Ob. Abraham Alstone. In the centre a Heart
Rev. In Bildestone. In the centre AA.
Alstoniana Pg. 270.
THE WILL OF ABRAHAM ALSTON:
Dated 4th October 1624.
In the name of God Amen. The fourth day of October in the year of our Lord God 1624 and in the year of the reign of our Soverigne Lord James by the grace of God of England Scotland France and Ireland and defender of the faith and of England France and Ireland two and twenty of Scotland the eight and fifty I Abraham Alston of Newton in the County of Suffolk yeoman being sick in body but yet of a good sound and perfect disposing memory thanks be unto God therefore revoking hereby all other Wills by me formerly made do make and declare this present writing to be and containing my true last Will and testament in manner and form following.
First and principally I commend my Soul into the hand of almighty God trusting and most steadfastly believing to be saved in the day of the General resurrection and Judgement not by my own merits but by the only merits and passion of my Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ And my body I commit to the Earth to be buried in Christian burial at the discretion of my wife and executors hereunder named
ITEM my will and mind is that Margaret my loving and well beloved wife shall hold and enjoy all that my little parlour and the lodging chamber over tha same being principal of my capital messuage wherein I now dwell and adjoining next unto my garden belonging to the same messuage with free ingress egress and regress into and from the same palour and chamber by the ways used and accustomed thereto belong as she shall continue a widow and will make her abode there and further my will is that the Executors of this my will here undernamded shall during such time as my said wife shall inhabit and make her abode in the same rooms, find, lay and provide for her in some of the yards belonging to my said messuage yearly and on the year five good and sufficient cart loads of wood for her fuel or firewood to be expended in the same rooms during the time aforesaid. And furthermore I do give and bequeath unto her the said Margaret my wife all my bedsteads beds and bedding and all my tables, forms and stools and all other household stuff standing being and usually occupied within the same parlour and chamber. To have hold and enjoy the same to the only use and beheft of her the same Margaret my wife her executors and assigns for ever. And moreover I give unto her for ever All such silver plate as I had in marriage or at the time of my marriage with her which she brought unto me.
And I do give and bequeath unto her the same Margaret my wife in recompense and satisfaction of her Dower and thirds which she may have claim or demand of or in all of any my lands tenements or hereditaments one annuity or yearly rent or sum of thirty pounds of lawful money of England to be issuing and going out and to be yearly procaved had and taken out of and in all and singular my messuages lands tenements and hereditaments whatsoever situate lying and being in Newton aforesaid and else where in the said County of Suffolk for and during the term of her natural life at the Feast of the Annunciation of our Lady the Virgin and St. Michael the Archangel by even and equal portions the first payment thereof to begin at such of the same feast as shall first ensue the day of my decease. And if it shall happen the same Annuity or yearly rent or sum of thirty punds or any part or portion thereof to be behind and unpaid by the space of fourteen days next after any of the said feasts about limited for the payment thereof the
same being lawfully demanded at or in my said capital messuage wherein I now dwell in Newton aforesaid that then and from thenceforth at all times after it shall be lawful to her the same Margaret my wife and her assigns unto all and singular my said messuages lands tenements and premises or unto any part or parcel of them to enter and distraine. And the distress or distressess there found to have take and carry away impound withhold detain and keep until the said annuity or yearly rent or sum thirty pounds and the arrears if any shall happen to be shall be unto her the same Margaret or her assigns fully satisfied and paid.
ITEM I do further give and bequeath unto my said wife five pounds of lawful money of England for and towards a mourning gown to be provided for her immediately after my decease And to the End that Margaret mine only child being now an infant of tender age may be the better provided for and be well educated in learning and good manners according to her sex and according to a man child of my degree whereof I do lay special charge upon my wife and upon my executors to have due regard my will and mind is that my said executors out of my lands and Estate which I shall leave unto them shall pay or cause to be paid yearly and every year unto my said wife the sum of ten pounds of lawful money of England for and towards the Education and bringing up of the same Margaret my daughter as aforesayed until she shall accomplish her full age of Eighteen years to be paid unto my said wife as at such times and in such manner as the Annuity of thirty pounds given to her by this my last will is limited and set down to be paid, If it fortune my said wife to marry gain before my said daughter shall attain unto the said age of eighteen years and that such husband as she my said wife shall so marry shall be so remiss careless or ill effected towards my said child as not provide and see her well brought up in learning and good manners as aofresaid Then my will and mind is that mine executors shall take my said daughter into their protection care and charge and place her with such honest and such parson and parsons as shall and will educate her in good learning and good manners as aforesaid until her said age of eighteen years with the said ten pounds yearly which should have been paid to my said wife if she had continued the bringing of her up. And then my said executors shall be freed and discharged against my wife and her said husband of and from the payment of the same ten pounds yearly anything before expressed to the contrary notwithstanding yet my desire is and I do here request my executors that if it fortune they be so occasioned to provide for the education of my said child as aforesaid that they should place her with such persons as may to and with the content and liking of my said wife as I doubt not of them but they will so do. Provided now these and I do here declare my will and meaning to be that if it fortune my said daughter Margaret to depart this life before she shall come to her said age of eighteen years living then my said wife then my will is that the same ten pounds which should have gone and been paid yearly for the education of my daughter if she had lived shall be paid by my executors unto my said wife to her use until such time as my said daughter might have attained unto her said age of eighteen years if she had lived and if my said wife shall live so long and not otherwise.
ITEM my will and mind is that my said executors shall pay or cause to be paid unto Susan Alston my mother yearly during her natural life the sum of forty pounds of lawful english money which I stand chargeable to pay out of or in respect of lands unto her by virtue of the last will of Thomas Alston my late father deceased or otherwise howsoever.
ITEM I give and bequeath unto the said Margaret my daughter the sum of three pounds of lawful money of England to be paid unto her by my executors at her age of eighteen years for and in respect of the Lands Tenements and hereditaments which I have given and devised unto them by this my will so that she my said daughter does not marry or contract herself in marriage to any before her said age of eighteen year without consent of her mother or of my said executors or of any two of them And I do hereby devise limit and appoint that if it fortune my said wife and Susan Alston my mother or either of them to die or depart this life before such time as my said daughter shall (attain) unto her age of twelve years then from the time of the death of my said wife the sum of thirty pounds yearly and from the time of the death of my said mother the sum of forty pounds yearly which shall arise or come of the issues and profits of my said lands and tenements until my said daughter shall accomplish her said age of twelve years shall go and be p'ted to and amongst my said executors and Edmund Alston my brother and Abraham Alston my nephew son of William Alston my brother part and part alike, and after that my said daughter shall attain unto her said age of twelve years my will and mind is that our of the yearly rents issues and profits of the same my lands tenements and hereditaments after the death of my said wife and mother or either of them respectively thirty pounds yearly after the death of my said wife and forty pounds yearly after the decease of my said mother until my said daughter shall come unto her age of eighteen years shall go and employed to and for the benefit of the same my daughter by mine executors and by them paid unto her at the same age so as she does not marry nor contract herself in marriage without consent as aforesaid
ITEM. I give to my said mother Susan Alston forty shillings.
To Mr. Cocke of Ipswich my father in law ten pounds to buy him a gelding.
To my four sister in laws, daughters of the said Mr. Cocke twenty shillings apie ce to buy them rings.
To my brother Edmond Alston's wife to buy her a ring twenty shillings.
To my sister Dorothy Alston forty shillings to buy her a ring.
To Mr. Wetherall my loving friend, parson of Newton five shillings.
To my good friend Richard Skinner of Sudbury gent forty shillings.
To my brother William Alston's wife five shillings.
To my brother Isaac Alston's wife twenty shillings
Also I give unto Abraham my brother William Alston's son ten pounds and to William and Robert two either of his sons five pounds apiece to be paid to them at the seu'ell ages of twenty years and if any of them happen to die before they attain to that age then the legacy and legacies of him or them so dying to go and be paid to the survivors or surviving of them part and part alike at such time as such legacy or legacies decreasing should have received the same by force of this my will of he or they lived to receive the same and I give unto everyone of the daughters of the same William my brother twenty shillings to be paid unto them at their seu'ell ages of one and twenty yeas And if any of those daughters which be now living happen to die before her or their legacies or legacy shall grow due to be paid that then the legacy of such daughter or daughters so dying shall go to the survivor or surviving of them part and part alike.
ITEM. I give and bequeath unto everyone of the sons of Edmond Alston my brother five pounds and to everyone of his daughters forty shillings to be paid unto everyone of them respectively at their seu'ell ages of one and twenty years And if any of those sons of daughters happen to die before their legacy of legacies shall grow due to be paid then the legacy of such son or sons dying to be divided amongst the sons living and the legacy and legacies of such daughter or daughters dying to be parted amongst the
daughters surviving part and part alike to everyone of them.
ITEM I give and bequeath unto everyone of the sons and daughters of Susan Mann my sister five pounds to be paid unto them respectively at the seu'ell ages of one and twenty years and if any of them shall happen to die before such time as his or her legacy shall grow due to be paid then the legacy and legacies of such sons and daughters so dying to be divided and paid to and amongst the children then living to every one of them part and part alike. Also I bequeath unto the three children of Amy Curd
my sister to everyone of them five pounds apiece to be paid unto them at the seu'ell ages of one and twenty years and if any of them happen to die before their legacy of legacies grow due to be paid then the legacy and legacies of him or her dying to be divided and paid to and amongst such of them as shall be living part and part alike.
ITEM I give unto Alice Godfrey my servant ten shillings and to Bridget Ballard Thomas Lambert Samuel Simpson my servants five shillings a piece. Also to the poor people inhabiting within the parish of Newton aforesaid to be distributed amongst them twenty shillings
And to the end that Samuel Alston and Isaac Alston my brothers whom I do hereby nominate and authorise and appoint to be executors of this my last will and testament may be inhabeled to pay my debts and legacies and perform this my testament and last will. And for that I am desirous that such lands tenements and hereditaments whereof I am lawfully and legally possessed at this time should remain in such as are of mine own blood and surname to the will and pleasure of my God. I do therefore hereby give devise and bequeath unto them the same Samuel Alston and Isaac Alston my brothers all and singular my messuages lands tenements and hereditaments as well freehold and copyhold as lease or freehold with all and every of there appurtenances situate lying and being in Newton above named or elsewhere in the said County of Suffolk together also with all and singular the deeds evidences muniments and writings touching or in any wise concerning the same premises or any part thereof. To have hold and enjoy the same messuages lands tenements hereditaments and premises with their appurtenances unto the said Samuel and Isaac Alston my brothers their executors administrators and assigns respectively forever and further more towards the payments of my debts
legacies funeral expenses charges of providing this will and performances of the same my will I do give and bequeath unto them my said executors. All my money plate goods chattells cattle corn household stuff and implements of husbandry whatsoever execpt such of them as I have otherwise particularly given by this my will and which I shall dispose of by any Codicil Schedule or written to this my will annexed and except also the sum of one hundred pounds of lawful English money now resting in mine own possession.
The which said sum of one hundred pounds I do give and bequeth unto the aforenamed Margaret my wife for her own use in further recompense and full satisfaction of her Dower or thirds which she may have claimed or demand out of or in my said lands and tenements or any part or parcel thereof whereof I am now seized of have been seized of any estate of inheritance during the Contracture between her and me.
ITEM My will and mind is that the said Samuel Alston Isaac Alston my brothers their heirs executors or assigns shall pay or cause to be paid for and in respect of the said lands tenements which I have given to them by this my will unto William Alston my brother ten pounds and to Edmond Alston my brother twenty pounds at such time as the said Margaret shall attain or come unto her full age of eighteen years or within some short time after. And in witness this present writing is and doth contain my true last will amd testament I have to every sheet or leaf thereof being five in number subscribed my name with my own hand and this last sheet or leaf of the same five sheets or leaves as also at the head or the top of this writing I have set my seal the day and year first about written.
Sealed subscribed and published in the presence of William Wetherell,Eustace Abbott
and Thomas Lambart
Proved 26th April 1625.
Abraham married Margaret COCKE of Ipswich .
The child from this marriage was:
+ 220 F i. Margaret ALSTON  was christened on 28 Jul 1624 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK.
95. Edmund ALSTON  (Thomas of Edwardstone 56, Edward Lord of Sayham 31, William of Newton SFK 19, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was christened on 23 Dec 1576 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK, died on 22 Jul 1640 aged 63, and was buried on 24 Jul 1640 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK. Another name for Edmund was Edmond ALLSTONE.
Edmond was executor of his brother Samuel's estate, Samuel's wife retained occupation of Deanes then it was to pass to Edmond for his son Samuel. Edmond was left Groomes and Turrells in Edwardstone, part of the income of which was to contribute to the L100 annuity Samuel provided for his wife Rose.
ALSTON & BATEMAN v. PARTRICH.
Chancery B. and A. Charles 1. A. 23/50
Bill dated 27 May, 1625, by Edmond Allston of Newton, co. Suffolk, yeoman, and John Bateman of Roydon, said county, yeoman, V. Thomas Partrich the elder of Higham, co. Suffolk, yeoman.
The suit is bought in connection wth debts incurred by defendant's son Thomas, and gives no Alston information
Alstoniana Pg 169
BRAND v. ALSTON.
Benjamin Brand esq. and Thomas Dyersley, clerk, v. William and Edmund Alston.
Depositions taken at Boxford [co. Suffolk] g Aug. 8 Charles I. The suit relates to tithes in Edwardston. Thomas Alston, the defendants' father, in his lifetime had the vicarage tithes of the said town ; the said Thomas was farmer of the Priory or Rectory of Edwardston, twenty years and upwards now past. The speeches of one Isaak Alston, in reference to the tithes, at that time held by one Samuel Alston, are deposed to.
Mitford, 639, 1632,
Alstoniana Pg 197
1637 Ship Tax returns list Edmund Alston and Edmund Alston Jnr.
Ref The History of Rogers
FROM TITLE DEEDS IN THE POSSESSION OF MR. EDMD. STEDMAN OF SUDBURY.
Will of Edmd. Alston of Newton Gent. 22nd July 1640 so dated by which he devised inter alia 4a of Meadow in Sudbury in a Meadow called Fryers Meadow, his farm called Assington House to his son Edward in fee he paying to his Testator's sister Weatherall L60 a year for life.
The above mentioned Edward by his will dated 18 Nov. 1680 devised the same estate to his eldest son Edward in fee.
Deed dated 21st Sept. 1711 between Edward Alston B.D. & Rector of East Bergholt in Suffolk & Nicholas Alston his 2nd son of East Bergholt afsd. Gent. & Thos. Alston of Boxford apothecary & Elizabeth Fairbrother late of Brantham in Suffolk widow, Marriage intended between the s. Nicholas Alston & Elizth. Fairbrother of East Bergholt Spinster 2nd daughter of the s. Elizth. Fairbrother Widow. Property settled. Capital Messuage called Brooks in Newton and Assington formerly part copyhold but enfranchised by the s. Edwd. Alston.
Marriage sett. of Edwd. Alston of Newton Gent. dated 2nd Feb. 1744 made between the sd. Edwd. Alston of the 1st part Elizabeth Toller of Stanway Co. Essex Spinster of the 2nd part & Elizth. Lee of Stanway aforesd. Widow and John Brown of the same place yeoman of the 3rd part. Samuel Alston a Witness to it.
Deed of appointment of the sd. estate dated 9 May 1789 from sd. Edwd. Alston described as Edwd. Alston senr. of Newton Gent. A recital is made of his marriage sett. with Elizth Toller as above, of her death in 1775 and that she left issue by him Edwd. Alston the younger, Thomas Alston, Samuel Alston & Toller Alston, Elizth. the wife of the Revd. John Thurlow, Lucy Alston & Judith Alston. Recites that he had been at great expence in putting out his son Edward then 32 years old to the business of a Surgeon. Recites the will of the s. Elizth. his late wife and then exercised the power of appointmt. which he had as to part of his estate in favor of his son Thos. in fee and as to other parts to his sons Samuel & Toller & Edward after his own decease.
Mortgage from Thos. Alston of Newton Yeoman 2nd son of the sd. Edwd. Alston senr. of Newton aforesd. Gent. of the 1st part the sd. Edwd. Alston senr. of the 2nd part and other persons of the 3rd part dated 17 June 1780.
Deed dated 19 Oct. 1787 to which the sd. Thos. Alston described as of Newton Yeoman was a party in which is a recital that the sd. Edwd. Alston his father was then dead.
Estate conveyed by Thos. Alston of Newton Farmer & Alice his wife who only made her mark by Deed dated 10 Jany. 1788 to Thos. Moulton of Great Waldingfield Malster.
An Affidavit as to the identity of the property was made on 11th June 1787 by Thos. Alston of Manningtree Yeoman who described himself as aged 74 years or thereabouts. He stated that sd. Estate belonged to Edwd. Alston Clerk his grandfather afterwards to Nicholas Alston Gent. his son father of the s. Deponent then to Edwd. Alston Gent. deceased brother of s. Deponent and then to Thos. Alston his s. Deponent's nephew and Taylor was a party and a Trustee for sd. Edwd. Alston B.D.
In the Abstract mention is made of a Deed dated 10 April 1712 to which James Wheeley of Colchester co. Essex Merchant and (unfinished.)
Notes from a Rev. M. S. Alston's MSS.
Alstoniana Pg 282
THE WILL of EDMUND ALSTON of NEWTON Gent.
Dated 22nd July 1640
I give to Edward my youngest son my messuage wherein I now dwell, situate in Newton with lands belonging thereto 4 acres of land in Sudbury called Fryers Meadow, farm called Assington house with the lands belonging hereto, 11/2 acres of meadow in Chafford and all other lands and tenements in my possession except two acres of meadow lying in north meadow which I give to my son Samuel and his heirs, also two tenements to Samuel on the death of my wife Rachel with remainder to my son Edward and his heirs.
Edward to pay to my sister Wetherell an annuity of L60
I give to my wife Rachel an annuity of L60 in lieu of her thirds and dower- also half my plate brass, pewter, linen all the furniture in the kitchen and parlour chamber, the great "Civer Lyn" which her father gave her- Mr Perkyns, book one spit and one dripping pan.
I give to my daughter Rachel L400 part of this sum to be paid by Mr Winniffe out of the Priory of Edwardston, also one feather bed and bolster.
To my son Edmund one silver cup
To my daughter Mary one silver cup
To my son Samuel upon the death of my sister Wetherell my messuage and lands called Motts.
All other my goods and chattels not bequeathed I give to my son Edward and his heirs whom I appoint sole exeutor with remainder to my son Edmund and Samuel.
Signed: Edmond Alston.
Witnesses: Henrie Haddridge. Edmond Alston Jnr. Thomas Wells.
Proved 25th November 1640 my Edward Alston son and exectutor named in will
Alstoniana is clear on the details of Edmonds baptism but the Newton Register is silent on the event. It records only the bap. of John son of William on the 23 Dec 1756 ?. Was this because the date was prior to his fathers marriage or was Edmund bap at Edwardstone.
Edmund married Rachel SKINNER , daughter of William SKINNER of Braintree ESS  and Margery TROTTER , on 4 Feb 1606/07 in St Peter & Paul Black Notley ESS. Rachel was born in 1586 and was buried on 16 Mar 1659/60 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK.
Rachel is mentioned in her brother-in-law Issac Alston's Will 1625.
Children from this marriage were:
+ 221 M i. Thomas ALSTON  was christened on 14 Dec 1608 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK and was buried on 21 Dec 1608 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK.
+ 222 F ii. Rachel ALSTON  was christened on 5 Aug 1610 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK.
+ 223 M iii. Edmund ALSTON  was born on 15 Mar 1610/11 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK, was christened on 15 Mar 1610/11 in Newton SFK, died on 9 Sep 1678 aged 67, and was buried on 11 Sep 1678 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK.
+ 224 F iv. Mary ALSTON  was christened on 26 Apr 1614 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK.
+ 225 F v. Anna ALSTON  was christened on 5 Dec 1615.
+ 226 M vi. Samuel ALSTON  was born in Newton SFK, was christened on 26 Nov 1618 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK, died on 23 Jan 1685/86 in Newton SFK aged 67, and was buried on 25 Jan 1685/86 in Newton SFK.
+ 227 M vii. Edward ALSTON  was christened on 29 May 1621 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK and was buried on 21 Apr 1690 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK.
+ 228 F viii. Susannah ALSTON  was christened on 23 Sep 1623 and died on 13 Jun 1624.
+ 229 M ix. Isaac ALSTON  was christened on 22 Sep 1625.
+ 230 F x. Rosa ALSTON  was christened on 13 May 1627 and died on 31 Aug 1628 aged 1.
+ 231 M xi. Thomas ALSTON  was christened on 11 Jan 1629/30 and died on 10 Aug 1632 aged 2.
96. William ALSTON  (Thomas of Edwardstone 56, Edward Lord of Sayham 31, William of Newton SFK 19, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was christened in 1577 in Edwardstone SFK.
This placement is somewhat conjectural as Williams baptism in Edwardstone records no parents.
BRAND v. ALSTON.
Benjamin Brand esq. and Thomas Dyersley, clerk, v. William and Edmund Alston.
Depositions taken at Boxford [co. Suffolk] g Aug. 8 Charles I. The suit relates to tithes in Edwardston. Thomas Alston, the defendants' father, in his lifetime had the vicarage tithes of the said town; the said Thomas was farmer of the Priory or Rectory of Edwardston, twenty years and upwards now past. The speeches of one Isaak Alston, in reference to the tithes, at that time held by one Samuel Alston, are deposed to.
Mitford, 639, 1632,
Alstoniana Pg 197
97. Thomas ALSTON  (Thomas of Edwardstone 56, Edward Lord of Sayham 31, William of Newton SFK 19, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was christened in 1580 in Edwardstone SFK, died on 29 Sep 1611 aged 31, and was buried on 30 Sep 1611 in Assington SFK.
Thomas died intestate, administration granted to Elizabeth his widow (Arch Sudb) 10 Oct 1611.
Lay Subsidy Roll Assington 1600 - Thomas Alston Jnr assessed goods 60/- tax 5/-.
Inquisition Post Mortem:
THOMAS ALLSTON, JUNIOR.
Ser. ii, Vol. 323, Inquisition taken at Bungay,
7 November 9 James i. (1611) No. 28.
The jury say that one Thomas Alston, semor, and the said Thomas Alston, junior, were seised in their demesne
as of fee in a messuage called Clarbecks alias Ozrells, in Assington, co. Suffolk, and in another messuage (called Hoppers) and in various pacels of land there; by their deed of feoffment, dated 4 January 5 James i. (1608) they conveyed the property to William Weekes, gent., and Robert Fare, in trust to the use of the said Thomas Alston, junior, and Elizabeth, his wife, in tail.
Thomas Alston died 29 September, last past (1611), leaving Elizabeth, his widow, still surviving, and Thomas Alston, his son and heir, aged 2 years, 5 months and 3 weeks at his father's death.
The two messuages are held of John Gurden, Esq., as of his manor of Assington; parcels of land called Kempsters and Thurbury croft are held of the King as of his honor of Clare.
Alstoniana pg 258
The Newton Parish Registers are silent on any family to Thomas and Elizabeth West; John, Mary, Jane, Dorothy, and Ellen are not mentioned in Alstoniana, only on the IGI?
See attached sources.
Thomas married Elizabeth WEST , daughter of John WEST of St Dunstan East  and Catherine LAYIT , about 1597 in Newton SFK. Elizabeth was christened on 4 Apr 1586 and died Living 1603.
Elizabeth was living 7 Nov 9 Jas 1 (1603)
Very uncertain marriage date.
Ips PRO Suff Man Families Vol II Pg 310 Elizabeth Pretyman d of Thomas Pratyman and Rachell Harwell Baptised 1571 mar Thomas Alston 1594. Rachell Pratyman's will 12 Oct 1626 Proved Bury 26 June 1627 left a share of her estate to her grandchildren Thomas Alston, John Alston, Dorothy Alston, Jane Alston, Marie Alston, Elenor Alston.
Children from this marriage were:
+ 232 M i. Rev Thomas ALSTON M.A. of Assington SFK  was christened on 20 Apr 1609 in Assington SFK and died on 2 Dec 1690 aged 81.
+ 233 F ii. Elizabeth ALSTON  was christened on 25 Sep 1610 in Assington SFK.
98. Susan ALSTON  (Thomas of Edwardstone 56, Edward Lord of Sayham 31, William of Newton SFK 19, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was born about 1581 in Edwardstone SFK and died possibly 1631.
Susan was living with issue in 1631, mentioned as eldest daughter in her mothers will. She is not mentioned in Bishops Transcripts of Edwardstone Registers pg 353 Alstoniana.
Susan married Joseph MANN  on 20 Nov 1602 in Newton SFK.
Children from this marriage were:
+ 234 M i. Thomas MANN  was born before 20 May 1625.
+ 235 M ii. William MANN  was born before 20 May 1625.
99. William ALSTON of Walter Belchamp ESS  (Thomas of Edwardstone 56, Edward Lord of Sayham 31, William of Newton SFK 19, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was born in 1582 in Edwardstone SFK and died about 1648 aged about 66.
That William was baptised 1582 is conjectural as no parents names are on the record.
William his wife and family were legatees under his mothers Will 1625, which named his residence as Water Belchamp ESS.
He was left lands and tithes by his brother Samuel in Edwardstone, Great & Little Waldingfield.
GREENE v. ALSTON & Another.
Bill, dated 23 January 1600/01 by Peter Greene of Sudbury, co. Suffolk, v. William Alstone and Edward Newman.
About 3 years since complainant became surety with others for the debt of one Edmond Cotton, of Tilbury, co. Essex, gent., to the defendant William Alstone of Belchampe Otten, in the said county, yeoman. Cotton being a man of substance, complainant believed after sundry enquiries that the debt was discharged; but Alstone, "being a man greedy and desirous of gain," did not press for payment actually until Cotton, by reason of this and numerous other debts, had absented himself out of the country, and so could make no answer on complainant's behalf.
Defendant has confederated with one Edward Newman, a scrivener, and the suit is brought for redress against effects of this conspiracy.
Alstoniana Page 196
ALSTON V. ALSTON.
Chancery B. and A. James I. A. 6. (38.)
Bill dated 10 May 1624, by Isaack Alston of Edwardstone, co. Suffolk, yeoman V. William Alston of Water Belchamp, co. Essex, yeoman, brother of the said Isaack.
About 3 years since differences arose between the said Isaac and William touching surrender to be made by William to Isaac of the former's lease of the rectories and tithes of Edwardston and Little Waldingfield, formerly demised to William by the said Isaac and Thomas Alston, his father.
Dispute with his brother, see Isaac . The differences were submitted to arbitration, and the suit is brought for remedy against defendant's susequent proceedings therein.
Alstoniana Pg 169
ALSTON v. BRAGGE.
Chancery B. and A. Charles I. A. 4. (39.)
Bill, dated 8 May 1632, by William Alston of Water Belchampe, co. Essex, yeoman, v. Robert Bragge, of Bulmer, executor of Robert Parke of the said place, yeoman.
The said Robert Parke by his will bequeathed to Orator a piece of hopground and meadow, charged with an annuity of 40s. to testator's daughter Joane, then wife of Thomas Browne. This annuity has several times been paid, at Orator's house, the said Joane Browne often coming thither, by reason Orator hath married her sister.
The said Robert Bragge and others now confederate to cause forfeiture of a bond respecting the said payment entered
into by Orator, because the payments have not been made at St. Peter's church, Sudbury, as provided in the will.
Alstoniana Pg 171
On the 15th August 1648, Letters of administration to the effects of William Alston of Water Belchamp, in Essex were granted to Robert Finch and his wife Mary, daughter of the said William.
An inquisition post mortem taken at Ispwich 5th October,18,Jac I (1621?) on the death of his father Thomas recites a feoffment dated 19th January, 4, Jas. I (1607) of the marriage of William with Mary, the daughter of Robert Parke, and that the marriage took place. William is also mentioned in his brother Samuel's will dated 22nd April 1631.
Water Belchampe & Belchampe Otten are adjoining villages.
William married Mary PARKE , daughter of Robert PARKE , about 19 Jan 1606/07.
Marriage year date 4 Jas 1.
Children from this marriage were:
+ 236 M i. William ALSTON  was christened in 1615 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 237 M ii. Abraham ALSTON  was christened in 1619 in Edwardstone SFK.
+ 238 M iii. Robert ALSTON  .
+ 239 F iv. Rebecca ALSTON  died after 1690.
+ 240 F v. Rachel ALSTON  died after 1690.
+ 241 F vi. Anna ALSTON  died after 1690.
+ 242 F vii. Mary ALSTON  .
+ 243 F viii. Frances ALSTON  was christened on 13 Feb 1620/21 in St Mary Belchamp Walter ESS and died after 1690.
100. Samuel ALSTON of Rogers Newton  (Thomas of Edwardstone 56, Edward Lord of Sayham 31, William of Newton SFK 19, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was born about 1585 and was buried on 11 May 1631 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK.
WARD 2/62/241/127, no. vii TNA.
(v) Grant by William Alston of Newton, Suffolk, yeoman, son and heir of Edward Alston, deceased, by order of an award by Sir William Waldegrave, knight, John le Hunte, Robert Goldinge, Matthew Cracherode, Thomas Waldegrave, esquires, and [Edward] Barker, gentleman, at the request of Thomas Alston, his brother, to Samuel Alston, son of Thomas Alston, of a messuage or tenement with a garden and orchard called 'Priors', in Newton, Suffolk, and a rod of land adjoining the messuage. December 1594.
Thomas Alston took over Rogers in 1595 before surrendering it to his son Samuel in 1613. "We know which crops would have been growing in the land rented by Thomas Alston as we have information on the type of farming carried out in Newton at about this time. J Thirsk in his publication dated 1967, The Agrarian History of England and Wales, Vol 34. Suffolk describes Newton between 1500 and 1640 as a wood-pasture region, mainly pasture, meadow, engaged in rearing and dairying with some pig-keeping, horse breeding and poultry. Crops were mainly barley with some wheat, rye, oats, peas, vetches, hops and occasionally hemp.
As we know, the Alstons had become Lords of the Manor of neighbouring
Sayham Hall from about 1550 when the manor first passed to Edward Alston. . . . . As lords of the manor, the Alstons owned their own land but as we have seen they also held land copyhold from the Manor of Newton. They were obviously a comparatively wealthy family and, as we shall see, had accumulated extensive land holdings. In one of the volumes of the 'East Anglian' history society journals there was the following note regarding a mid-sixteenth century character called Mr Candler who lived in Newton. He made notes on all his acquaintances which included a William Alston who 'was wont allwaies to goe clad in Blew cloth' while another Alston 'had a very red face'! Details like these help to bring our characters to life!"
Ref: The History of Rogers.
Samuel was living at Rogers at the time of his mothers will (1625/6) but was living at Deanes at his death. He had been left lands, and a tenement called Groomes in Edwardstone by his father, and land and tithes in Little & Great Waldingfield and Newton by his brother Isaac. His will was dated 22 April 1631, proved PCC 19 May 1631. In it he left Groomes to his brother Edmond, and, after his wife's occupation an interest in Deanes. This was then to pass to Edmond's son, his godson, Samuel "to hold and enjoy sd lands in the same manner as my brother Abraham did, under the will of my father Thomas Alston, upon condition of dutiful behaviour to his parents, else the bequest lapses to Edmond, eldest brother of said Samuel".
SAMUEL ALSTON, Gentleman.
Inquisition Post Mortem taken at Bury St. Edmund's.
30 October 9 Car. i. (1633).
Ser.ii Misc. Pt 16 No 2 1633 co. Suffolk
The said Samuel was seised of two messuages called Prior's in Newton ; and of two other messuages and land there, bought of Robert Cooke : a messuage there called Motts ; a capital messuage there called Deanes ; a piece of land there called Leightlandes, formerly belonging, to Cecilia Pucerell, and afterwards to Robert Alston, and divers parcels of land in Newton ; also land called Prestland, Ashwell and Little Hales in Cornard Magna; a messuage in Newton lately bought by him of one John Marshall, and another of John Agas ; a messuage and land in Edwardeston, land and wood called Spragges, in Waldingfeild magna, and the Rectory and adowson of Waldingfeild parva.
His will, dated 22 April 7 Charles i. (1631) is in parts recited. He died at Newton, 11 May 7 Charles i. (1631)
Thomas Alston, gentleman, kinsman and next heir of the said Samuel, was then 21 and more.
Alstoniana pg 261.
He appears to have died s.p.
In a court paper dated 12 October 1631 there is a record of the death of Samuel earlier that year. Edmund Alston, his brother, was the administrator. It read as follows:
"which premises [Wyetts otherwise Wrights and Rogers] the said Samuel had upon the Death of Thos. Alston, his father, at a Court on Tuesday being St Luke the Evangelist, the 12th year of King James 1613/4.
To one tenement called Wyetts otherwise Wrights and Rogers and 4 crofts of land containing by estimation 22 acres formerly divided and separated into divers other crofts.
Also one piece of pasture called Le Launde containing by estimation 3 acres more or less, also one piece of meadow containing by estimation 3 roods more or less, also to one croft of arable land called Little Heads containing by estimation 4 acres. Rent 5s.
Also one croft called Fallows, and one other croft called Perry field containing by estimation 2 acres lying against Mill field by the Kings Highway leading to Boxford, containing by estimation 8 acres, which last the said Samuel Alston had to him and his [younger] brother [Edmund] upon the surrender of Abram Alston [elder brother, first son of Thomas] the 2nd April 1" year of King Charles 1625
Licence was given to the said Edmund to cut down 10 poplars growing in a certain field called the Ash Garden near the tenement called Wrights otherwise Rogers.'
Ref: The History of Rogers.
THE WILL OF SAMUEL ALSTON OF NEWTON. Gent.
Dated 22 April 1631
I revoke all former wills by me made I desire to be buried according to Christian burial, at the discretion of my loving wife and executors herein under named
I bequeath to Rose, my wife, my Messuage called Deanes in Newton, wherein I now dwell, with the Houses, buildings, millhouse, mills, yards, gardens and orchards belonging to the same - 4 acres of pasture land adjoining my brother Edmond's orchard - the piece of ground called the Walke leading to Newton Church with the appurtenances, except my greate barne, chafehouse, stable, and one yard called Dogs Kennel which I leave to my brother Edmond Alston and his heirs. My executor to provide my wife yearly with sufficient firewood for her use.
Also to my wife my best bedstead standing in the Messuage called ROGERS in Newton - also one field bedstead with bedding and furniture and a joined bedstead - All my silver plate, pewter and brass - six pair of sheets, six pair of pillow beeres, 2 dozen napkins, six pillows and 4 board cloths - my Virginalls, 6 joined stools wrought and to be wrought by her with needlework, my little roan nag, all my Cheese and butter, 5 quarters of wheat, 5 quarters of seames of malt, all my hens, geese, ducks and other poultry. The Chests desks and boxes in the house I now dwell containing my bonds, evidences and writings to go to my executor immediately upon my decease.
I give to my wife in full satisfaction of all dower or thirds an annuity of L100 payable out of other my messuages, lands &. freehold and copyhold, lying in the parish of Newton, great Cornard, Little Cornard and Sudburie or my lands called Groomes and Turrells in Edwardston co. Suff, in the occupation of Thomas Martin and Alexander Howlett or their assigns or assignees.
I give to my brother William Alston of Water Belchamp co. Essex, my lease unexpired of the Rectory, parsonage or Priory of Edwardston co. Suff. with the lands tythes tenements and appurtances thereto belonging, except the tithes of the tenements or farms of Groomes and Turrells. Also to my brother Will. the Rectory tithes and Lands of Little Waldingfield co. Suff. and the advowson of the vicarage of Little Waldingfield - and all other my Mess. Lands tenements and hereditaments in Little Waldingfield
Edwardston, Great Waldingfield and Milden co. Suff. provided he pay to my brother and executor out of the profits of above Rectory and lands an annuity of L100- and to Rose my wife and Susan Wetherall my sister annually L40 until one of them dies.
To the King for the rent tenth or fee ferme of the said Rectory of Little Waldingfield 40/- yearly
To the Lord Bishop of Ely and his successors L20 yearly rent of the Rectory of Edwardston
Within three months of my death, my brother William shall enter into a bond of L1,000 to pay the several annuities rents & to hold my executor freed from any claims respecting said annuities, otherwise the bequests to said William to be void and Edmond my brother and executor to inherit the same.
To Dorothy Edwards, my sister L100
To my sister Wetherall a gold piece of 20/-
To my sister wife of Will. Alston a gold piece of 20/-
To my brother Edward Alston and Margaret his wife 20/- each
To Doctor Alston his (Edward's) son 40/- to Thomas Alston his son L10 to Abraham Alston his son L5
To Penning, Joseph, Elizabeth - 3 other children of said Edward Alston 40/- each
To Thomas Alston , my kinsman, eldest son of Tho. Alston my eldest brother who died at Edwardston an annuity of L10 during the continuance of my lease of the Rectory of Edwardston, provided he do not molest my executor or any other person to whom I have left my lands &.
I give unto John Alston brother of Thomas L3 and to each of the daughters of Thomas my eldest brother 40/-
To my well beloved father in law Thomas Gardiner of Shimpling 40/- to buy a nag
To Robert Gardiner his son 40/- and to Elizabeth Gardiner his daughter 40/- for rings
To my bro. Henry Harrington and Marie his wife 40/- each for rings
To Mary Harrington my kinswoman 40/-
To Susan Alston dau. of my bro. Will. 40/-
To each child of my said bro. Will. 20/- To each child of my sister Manns 20/-
To each child of my bro. Edmond 40/-
To Mr Quarles, minister of Newton L5
To my kinsman Richard Skynner of Sudbury, gent. L3 to Margaret his wife 40/-
To Richard Skynner my godson, son of above, a piece of silver plate, value L3 or L3 in money
To John White one of my servants 40/-
To Alexander Godfrey one other of my servants 40/-
To Dorothy White one other of my servants 40/-
To John Lamb one other of my servants 10/-
To William Crane, Nicholas Galleon, Samuel mathew, Robert Fannings, four other of my servants 5/- apiece.
To the poor of Newton 40/-
To the poor of Edwardston 40/-
To the poor of Little Waldingfield 20/-
To Edmond Alston my brother and Executor my mess. Lands Ten. and Hereds. called GROOMES and Turrells, also my lands and premises in Newton, Great and Little Cornard, Sudbury or elsewhere in Suff. except the house called Deanes which he shall only enjoy for his life which after the death of his father and the lapse of the interest of my wife shall remain to Samuel Alston my godson - one of the sons of him the said Edmond to hold and enjoy said lands in the same manner as my brother Abraham did, under the will of my father Thomas Alston, upon condition of dutiful behaviour to his parents, else the bequest lapses to Edmond, eldest brother of said Samuel.
I give to Edmond my brother two tenements Croft of land and piece of wood called Lyes Grove in Newton, some time Robert Pookes, with remainder to said Samuel his son and his heirs male.
To Edmond my brother all my ready money, corn and grain - all my furniture of husbandry, my goods chattels, cattle and household stuff, not otherwise disposed of with my bonds bills debts owing to me in my own right or as executor of the several wills of Thomas and Susan Alston my father and mother and Isaac and Abraham Alston my brothers.
All which Mess. &c.&c. I give to Edmond towards the payment of my debts, the annuity of L100 to my wife and L60 yearly to my sister Wetherall, L10 yearly to Joyce Palfyn. L5 yearly for the education of Thomas son of Amy Curd my sister, until he attains the age of 15 when L20 is to be paid to apprentice said Thomas to some good trade or profession and L10 at the expiration of his apprenticeship to help him set up in his trade or profession.
To Susan Mann my sister, wife of Joseph Mann an annuity of L10
To Amy Curd, my sister L10 annually
To Thomas Alston of Cambridge my nephew son of Tho. Alston late of Assington (my brother of the whole blood deceased) L10 annually during the continuance of my lease of the Rectory of Edwardston.
Edwardston Priory being charged with an annuity of L20 to Edmond by the will of my brother Isaac, I desire that the Rectory and lands may be freed from said annuity, as I have left to said Edmond such a good estate in lands etc. - Edmond to give an acquittance for said annuity - or if he refuse to do so, Groomes and Turrells to belong to William Alston my brother.
I give to Abraham Alston my godson, son of Abraham Alston of Sudbury gent L5
Edmond Alston my brother to be sole executor and Richard Skynner Supervisor of this my will
Signed Samuel Alston
Witnesses: Joseph Mann, Thomas Alston, Rich. Skynner, Robert Salmon
Proved: 19th May 1631 by Edmond Alston brother and exec. named in will.
Alstoniana pg 107
Ref. St John 48
Copy of Will in this file
WATERS GLEANINGS. 1698.
Alston Wills Page 1699
SAMUEL ALSTON, Newton, Suffolk, gent.
Will 22 April 1631 ; proved 19 May 1631.
To wife Rose capitall messuage called Deanes, etc. and four acres adjoining to brother Edmondes orchard and the Walke lately fenced in leading towards Newton church, except great Barne, chaufehouse, and stable next to Chafehouse and Doges kennel! yard to be enjoyed by Edmund, etc. Also to wife Rose best bedstead in messuage called Rogers in Newton, field bed-stead, silver plate, etc. etc. Also £100 annuities in lieu of dower out of freehold and copiehold in Newton, great Cornard, little Cornard, and Sudburie, and "Groomes" and "Turrells" in Edwardston, Suffolk, in occupation of Thomas Martyn and Alexander Rowlett etc. etc. To brother William Alston of Water Belcharnp, Essex, lease of Rectorie, parsonage, or priory of Edwardston, Suffolk, also Rectorie of Little Waldingfield, Suffolk, fermeholds in Great Waldingfielel, Milden etc. till death of wife Rose or my sister Susan Witherell, paying rents to the King and Bishop of Ely, etc., said brother William to give bond or else to brother Edmund. To sister Dorothy Edwards £100. To sister Witherell piece of gold. To brother Edmund Alston and Margarett his wife 20s. each. To Dr. Alston his sonne 40s. and his sonne Thomas Alston £10. To his son Abraham Alston £5, and to Penning Alston, Joseph Alston, and Elizabeth Alston three other children of said Edmund Alston, 40s each. To kinsman Thomas Alston eldest, sonne of my eldest brother Thomas Alston who died at Edwardston £10 aunuitie during lease of Edwardston etc., and to his brother John Alston £3 and to daughters of said brother Thomas Alston 40s. each. To my father in law Thomas Gardiner of Shimpling £5 to buy a nagge to ride on. To Robert Gardiner his sonne and Elizabeth Gardiner his daughter 40s. each for rings. To my brother Henry Harrington and Marie his wife and Mary Harrington my kinswoman ditto. To Susan Alston daughter of brother William Alston aforesaid 40s., and William's other children 20s each. To children of sister Manns 20s. each. To children of brother Edmund Alston 40s. each. To my very good friend Mr. Quarles minister of Newton £5. To kinsman Richard Skynner of Sudburie gent. £3, and to his wife Margarett 40s and to their son Richard Skynner my godson a piece of plate of £3. To servants John White, Alice Godfrey, Dorothy White, John Lamb, William Crane, Nicholas Galleon, Samuell Upcher, and Robert Janninges various sums. To poore of Newton 40s, of Little Waldingfield 20s. To my brother and executor Edmund Alston "Grooms" and "Turrells" during lease and freeholds in Newton, Greate Cornard, Little (Cornard, and Sudburie, except "Deanes" to godson Samuel Alston one of sonnes of Edmond to hold in as ample manner as my late brother Abraham Alston held it by virtue of will of my late father Thomas Alston if said Samuel behave in dutifull manner to said Edward (sic) Alston his father and his mother, or else to remain to his eldest brother Edmund Alston. To brother Edmund Alston also two tenements, croft of land, and peice of wood called Lyes Grove, some tyme Robert Cookes in Newton for life, then to Samuel. Also to brother Edmond all ready money, corne, goods, and debts owing in my own right or as executor of wills of Thomas Alston and Susan Alston my father and mother and Isaack Alston and Abraham Alston my brothers, to pay legacies etc. etc. Executor to allow £5 yearly for schooling of Thomas Curd son of my sister Amy Curd, and at 15 to apprentice him with consent of my wife his father and mother and my executor for which £20, and at end of term or at 24 £10 to set him up in trade etc. To sister Susan Mann wife of Thomas Mann annuitie of £10 etc. To sister Amy Curd ditto. To nephew Thomas Alston of Cambridge, son of Thomas Alston of Assington my brother of the whole blood deceased £10 yearly during lease of Edwardston. Legacies of £20 per annum left by will
of brother Isaac Alston to brother Edmund Alston to issue out of Edwardston to be released by Edmund to brother William Alston, Edmund having been dealt with so liberally by me etc. To Abraham Alston my godsonne sonne of Abraham Alston of Sudburie gent £5 at 21.
Executor : brother Edmund Alston.
Supervisor : Richard Skynner, gent.
Witnesses ; Joseph Mann, Thomas Alston, Richard Skynner, Robert Salmon.
St. John, 48.
[Compare with Talcot and Skinner wilts, Waters' Gleanings, pp. 1125, 1205.\emdash E. P.]
In the parish of Acton we find Samuel Alston Esq. mentioned.
This entry in Alstoniana Pg 365 is undated and does not identify the Acton. Acton SFK is close to Waldingfield.
The name Wrights or Rogers appears to be based on the occupiers names in the mid 16th C.
T H E H I S T O R Y O F R O G E R S
Prepared for the Taylor Family 2003
ROGERS - SIGNIFICANT DATES
1514 Earliest reference to Wright's and Wyot's tenement
1524 George Hoye pays lay subsidy tax in Newton
1555 George Hoye dies and his son Robert Hoye is admitted tenant to Wyetts also Wrights/Rogers
1565 Robert Hoye surrenders the premises probably to son Robert
1568 Robert Hoye pays 4s lay subsidy tax
1581 William Hoye, son of Robert and Bridget, admitted
1595 William Hoye surrenders to Thomas Alston
1613 Thomas Alston dies and surrenders to Samuel Alston
1625 Abram Alston surrenders Fellows and Perry croft which is added to
1631 Samuel Alston dies and surrenders to the court. His will has the earliest use of the single name Rogers.
1634 Samuel's son Edmund Alston is admitted
1637 Ship tax returns list Edmund Alston and Edmund Alston junior.
1674 Edmund Alston pays tax on seven hearths
1691 Rogers occupied by Edmund Alston
1710 Poll tax lists Edmund Alston in Newton
1727 No Edmund Alston listed for Poll tax
1740 Rogers copyhold, occupied by William French
1742 John Lay, tenant-by-lease of Newton Hall, for a period of 35 years
1752 Ropers occupied by John French, 'sub-let' to Eliza Hart
1760 John French surrenders to Elizabeth Collier (nee French)
1771 Benjamin and Elizabeth Collier occupy Rogers
1778 Lease of land to Jeremiah Hart and the Tiffins for 21 years
1806 Jeremiah Hart pays quit rent for all or part of Rogers
1809 Jeremiah Hart pays copyhold rent for all or part of Rogers
1841 Jeremiah Hart owns Rogers. Willam Hart occupier
1851 Walter Hart farming Rogers
1871 Walter Hart farming Rogers
1881 William Rolfe farming Rogers
1907 John R Fuller owns Rogers
1930 Charles Hayward owns Rogers
1931 Felix Tyndal and John Atkins own Rogers
1936 Basil and C Taylor own Rogers
T H E H I S T O R Y O F R O G E R S
Newton Hall Manor, Sudbury, Suffolk from Earl Howe's papers held at
Aylesbury Record Office
Deeds, Newton, Suffolk. 1833
Contract, sale of Newton Hall Farm, 1916
Plan of Newton Estate, early 19th century
Copy of indenture, Manor of Newton, 1629
Deeds Newton Hall, Suffolk, 1563-1711
Rents due Newton Hall Manor and others. 1605
Newton Hall, Court Baron [a type of manor court], extract and drafts, 1687
Account book, rents. Newton Hall Manor, 1717-1792
Exchequer proceedings mentioning Newton Hall, court case 1689-93
Sales of farms in Newton parish. 1799
List of deeds, land in Newton and other places. 1798-I810
Correspondence and memoranda relating to manor courts, 1792-1811
Quit rents paid to Newton Hall. 1806
Newton Hall court books, 1734-1746, with lists of tenants, 1768
Newton Hall court papers, 1624-1802, with admissions to and surrenders of
Newton Hall court papers, 1595-1769, account of freehold and copyhold lands
Newton Hall court papers 1757-1768
Court papers, 1808, regarding conditional surrender of property by Sam.
Brewster to Sam. Pond
Newton Hall court papers 1765-67
Newton Hall court papers 1740-1808 with receipts, rentals and abstracts
Draft court roll. Newton Hall, 1552-1560
Newton Hall rental, 1759
Newton hall rental. 1809
New ton Hall court roll. 1734-1752
Newton Hall court roll. 1696-1698
Newton Hall Court Baron, 1691. 1692
Newton Hall court roll, 1696-1726
Newton Hall court roll. 1689
Newton Hall court roll. 1624-1653
Papers regarding Oliver Brand's title 1635-1764
Newton Hall court roll, 1657-1672
Newton Hall court roll, 1691-1695
Newton Hall Manor, bundle containing, court roll 1703, land tax 1779. court roll 1560-66, court roll 1753-1620, 1594
survey of Newton Hall, rentals, abstracts, copies of wills 1734-1746
Newton Hall court roll, 1689
Newton Hall court roll, 1674-88
Newton Hall court roll. 1689-90
Correspondence regarding Exchequer proceedings 1690-91
Court papers 1689-1690
Leaseholds in Newton. 1721-1803 [two pieces of land]
Bundle of deeds with plan of Newton Hall estate 16th - 18th century
Oven Farm, Newton, 1796, 1689-1796, plan 1754
Newton Hall re Brooks Cross, 1544-1752, plan 1697
Survey of Newton Hall, 1653-1687, with copy of court roll, 1802, and other deeds.
The entry for 'Rogers' in Nikolaus Pesvner's, The Buildings of England,
Suffolk, together with other articles on the house, suggest that the house is c1600. From the records, it would appear that the construction of the house may have been started as early as 1558 and it was probably enlarged and improved over a period of years to be finished in time for the admittance of Thomas Alston in 1595.
Samuel married Rose GARDNER of Shimpling  on 28 Aug 1625 in Alpheton SFK.
101. Amy ALSTON  (Thomas of Edwardstone 56, Edward Lord of Sayham 31, William of Newton SFK 19, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was born about 1590 in Edwardstone SFK, was christened in 1594 in Edwardstone SFK, and died about 1648 aged about 58.
Amy was living in 1648, is mentioned in her father & mother's wills, and brother's Abraham and Edward's wills.
Amy married John CURD of Sudbury .
They had 3 children, mentioned in their uncle Abraham's will.
Whereas John Curd living in Sudbury, Suffolk, in the former part of the last century about 1618 he married Amy Alston by whom he had two daughters, Susan and Amy, the first was married to one named Miller, the last to one named Dale, both of whom probably lived in Sudbury. It is necessary to find out where the said Susan and Amy were married in order to obtain justice, therefore the clergy of several parishes in the neighbourhood of Sudbury, in Essex as well as Suffolk entreated to search their registers and if they find them to give notice to Mr Phipps of Boxford Suffolk who will gratify them for their trouble. Anyone who can prove descent from the above should also apply to Mr Phipps.
Ref: Ipswich Journal 3 January 1761 (Suffolk Roots Dec 2011)
Children from this marriage were:
+ 244 F i. Susan CURD  .
+ 245 F ii. Amy CURD  .
102. Isaac ALSTON of Edwardstone  (Thomas of Edwardstone 56, Edward Lord of Sayham 31, William of Newton SFK 19, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was born about 1594 in Edwardstone SFK, died on 22 Jun 1625 aged about 31, and was buried on 25 Jun 1625 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK.
Isaac married on the 20th April 1619 Susanna Knox at Newton, but it is not known if they had any children as none are mentioned in his will dated 21st May 1625. His widow is supposed to have then married one ? Wetherall and was still living 22nd April 1631.
ALSTON V. ALSTON.
Chancery B. and A. James I. A. 6. (38.)
Bill dated 10 May 1624, by Isaack Alston of Edwardstone, co. Suffolk, yeoman V. William Alston of Water Belchamp, co. Essex, yeoman, brother of the said Isaack.
About 3 years since differences arose between the said Isaac and William touching surrender to be made by William to Isaac of the former's lease of the rectories and tithes of Edwardston and Little Waldingfield, formerly demised to William by the said Isaac and Thomas Alston, his father.
The differences were submitted to arbitration, and the suit is brought for remedy against defendant's susequent proceedings therein.
Alstoniana Pg 169
ISAAC ALLSTON, of Edwardston.
Inquisition Post Mortem taken at Eye,
7 November I Charles i. (1625) (calendared as 7 Charles i.)
Ser ii Vol 46(7?)3 No 46 1625 co. Suffolk
The said Isaac was seised of a capital messuage called Motts and about 3 acres thereto belonging, in Newton, co. Suffolk, which by his will, dated 21 May I Charles i. (1625) he bequeathed to his wife Susan for life, with remainder to his brother Samuel in tail. Isaac also held a messuage lately rebuilt and 4 acres of pasture in Little Waldingfield and the Rectory and advowson of Waldingfield.
He died 22 June last past.
William Alstone (relationship not given) his heir, is 40 and more.
The premises in Newton are held of Maurice Barrowe, Esq., of his manor of Newton ; those in Waldingfield, of the heirs of Sir Isaac Appleton, of their manor of Branston Hall; and the rectory aforesaid of the King.
(Willam Alstone his heir was his elder brother)
Alstoniana pg 260
WILL OF ISAAC ALSTON OF EDWARDSTONE (Abstract)
Will dated 20 May 1625
To Susanna Alston wydow my mother yerelie pension of ffortye pounds out of the priorie of Edwardstone Yearlie according to the Will of Thomas Alston late of of Newton, yeoman, my father deceased, which pension of ffortye pounds was formerlie given by the said Thomas Alston my father.
My executors shall paie out of the said priorye unto my Lord Bishope of Eley the yerelie rent of Twentie pounds (at the two half years)
My father Thos Alston of Newton yeoman deceased gave yearlie to Joyce Pamplyn the wife of Thomas Pamplyn of Much Bradfield in the County of Essex a yearlie pension of Tenne Pounds (at the usual half-year) I do also will that the said yearly pension of Ten Pounds shall be paid in every year.
I give to Susanna my wellbeloved wyfe a yerelie pension of three skore pounds oute of my houses and lands and tithes in little Wallingfield and Great Waldingfield some of them are now in the occupation of myselfe and the rest in the occupation of Richard Gallen.
If it shall happen that my said mother Susan shall depart this life before my lease which I have of the Priorie of Edwardstone shall be expired I give and bequeath it unto Edmond Alston of Newton yeoman my brother during the time of my lease and noe longer.
I give unto William Alston the Eldest son of my brother Wm. Alston beinge my God childe the some of Tenne Pounds when he come to the full age of one and twenty years.
I give to each of the other children of my said brother Wm the sum of ffortye shillings (when they come to 21) and yf they or any of them dye - then the equal share to the others.
I give to Rachell Alston the wife of Edmond Alston of Newton 40s.
To every of the children of Edmond Alston 40s.
I give to Thomas Man the son of my brother in law Joseph Man L20
To Thomas Man and William Man my kinsmen the sonnes of my said brother in law Joseph Man and to my kinswomen Marie Man the daughter of my brother in law Joseph Man L20 each.
I give to my well beloved sister Amye Curd the wife of John Curd of Sudburie the some of L40 to be paid within three years after my decease.
To the three children of my brother in law John Curd and to that childe which my said sister Amye his wife is with child with all the some of L10 a piece when the attain the age of 21.
I give to my sister Dorothie Alston L40 to be paid to her within 2 years after the daie of her marriage.
I give to Susanna Alston wydow my mother the sum of L5 - within 2 years.
I give to Marion Knox of Newton aforesaid wydow my mother in law L5.
I give to my kinsman Thos. Alston the sonne of my brother Thomas Alston who died at Assington L5, when 21.
I give to my brother Edward Alston and my sister Margaret Alston his wife to each of them 20s.
I give to my kinsman Thos. Alston, Arthur Alston and Abraham Alston and Pennynge Alston the sonnes of my said brother Edward Alston 20s each when 21.
I give to my kynsman Joseph Alston the sonne of my brother Edward Alston L5. upon his coming of full age of one and twenty years
I give to my kynswoman Margaret Alston and Elizabeth Alston daughters of my said brother Edward Alston 20s a peece.
I give to my kinsman John Alston the sonne of my brother Thomas Alston who died at Edwardstone 40s.
I give unto everie of the daughters of my said last rehearsed brother Thomas Alston 20s a piece - when 21.
I give to Susanna my well beloved wyfe my capital messuage in Newton aforesaid called Nolles with all howses barnes and stables and one orchard and one croft of ground for her naturall lyfe and after her decease unto my brother Samuel Alston and his heirs forever.
I give unto my said brother Samuell Alston all my houses landes tenements and hereditaments and tithes in Little Waldingfield and Great Waldingfielde, some of myne owne occupation and some in the occupation of Richard Gallen. And all suche tithes in Little Waldingfield as Samuel Appleton gent houldeth.
I give unto Susanna my well beloved wife all my household stuffe all my cheese and butter one combe of wheat and two cows.
I do earnestlie request my brother Samuel if my wife dye within 3 years that my said brother Samuel shall pay L200 (twoe hundred ) unto such parties as my said wife in her last Will and Testament shall bequeath the same unto.
If it shall happen my wife marry again then I will my brother Samuel Alstone shall enjoy the said house immediately after her saide marriage.
I give to the poore of Edwardestone 20s.
I give to the poore of Little Waldingfield 20s.
I give to the poore of Newton 10s.
To my servant Richard Lynes 5s.
To my servant Robert Warren 5s.
To my servant Edward Upcheare 2s.6d.
To Richard Gallon 2s.6d.
To Elizabeth Packhearns 2s.6d.
To Thomas Dearsley now minister of Edwardstone ? (no amount stated)
To my wife my black Geldinge or if she sells him, then to my brother Samuel for 40/-
To my brother in law John King 20s, to my sister Tanner 20s, to buy rings.
To my brother and sister Gardiner 20s each.
To my sister Kingsburie and her childe my Goddaughter each of them 20s.
I make Samuel Alston my sole Executor.
I give to Samuel Alston my brother the lease of the Priorie of Edwardestone.
Proved 7th October 1625.
Witnessess: Joseph Hues, Robert Warren, Thomas Dearsley, Isaac Alston.
Ref: Alstoniana Pg 156
Isaac married Susannah KNOPP , daughter of Marion , on 20 Apr 1619 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK.
Susannah was living 22 April 1631
103. Dorothy ALSTON  (Thomas of Edwardstone 56, Edward Lord of Sayham 31, William of Newton SFK 19, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1) was born on 24 Jan 1595/96 in Newton Nr Sudbury SFK and died about 1631 aged about 35.
Dorothy was mentioned in her mother's and brother Abraham's wills.
Dorothy Edwards (als Alston) of Stoke by Clare co. Suffolk. Letters of Administration granted 16 Dec 1631 to Thomas Edwards husband of the deceased.
Dorothy married Thomas EDWARDS  on 30 Nov 1626.
104. Elizabeth KINGE  (Alice ALSTON 57, Edward Lord of Sayham 31, William of Newton SFK 19, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1).
Elizabeth married SCOTT .
105. William ALSTON  (William 58, William of Middleton Co ESS 32, William of Newton SFK 19, John of Newton Suffolk. 17, William 10, Thomas of Sudbury 6, Time Line 15thC 4, Timeline 14th C 3, Time Line 13th C 2, Family Background 1).
This is a further conjectural link, Cresswell was unable to place William and Margery in his tree.
Was this William Allston bap Edwardstone 1577 
ALSTON v. LYNTON & Another.
Chancery Suit - Bundle. Aa. 7/61 1593.
Bill dated 15 May 1593, by William Alston and Margery, his wife, late wife of Robert Lynton, late of Much Cornard, co. Suffolk, gent., deceased, v. John and Robert Lynton, and William Emesden.
The said Robert Lynton, decd. in his extremity of sickness, on 25 October 33 Elizabeth (1591) made his will (in many ways imperfect, leaving an annuity of L5 to his wife out of his entailed lands in Turnsted, Lammarshe and Pedmarshe, co. Essex.
Robert Lynton, the nephew of deceased, one of the defendants, has proved the will in the P. C. C., and refuses to carry out the terms of the will as regards the said Margery, including, besides the above, the devise of tenements in Newton, co. Suffolk, for life, from which Robert Lynton, the nephew, ejected her last Michaelmas, in the person of William Emesden, formerly servant to Robert Lynton, deceased.
The defendants, in their answer, say that John Lynton, father of Robert Lynton deceased and of defendant John, surrendered the copyholds lands in Essex to his son Robert in tail, with contingent remainder to his son John, &c. &c.
THE PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE.
ALSTON v. CURD & others.
1608 Chancery B. and A. James I. A. 2. (83).
Bill, dated 16 February 1608 by William Allstone of Middleton,, co. Essex, yeoman, v. Grace Curd, Richard Skynner, John Bragge and Robert Warren, clerk.
The suit is brought for remedy against defendants, who prevent Orator's peaceful possession of a messuage &c. in Middleton, acquired under due and lawful demise, for term of the life of the said Grace. (Neither the bill nor answers contain Alstone information.)
Page 168 Alstoniana.
William married Margery LYNTON  on 25 May 1592 in Newton SFK.
From Records of Archd. Subdy. at Bury St. Edmunds.
Marr. licence dated 23rd May 1592. Wm. Alston of Newton and Margery Linton of Little Cornard widow directed to Mr. Boyse Rector Bondsman Wm. Alston Junr.
Copyright © and all rights reserved to Edward Liveing Fenn and all other contributors of personal data. No personal data to be used without attribution or for commercial purposes. Interested persons who wish to share this data are welcome to contact firstname.lastname@example.org to arrange same and be given the details