Descendants of John Julius of Nth Yarmouth & St Kitts


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187. Digby Augustus Edward GERAHTY [1397] (Augusta Louisa LOADER101, Lousia Caroline DARE72, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 6 Mar 1852 in Tymawr Brecknockshire Wales.

General Notes:
The family said Digby was a ships carpenter and one day he went out and never came back, a death certificate has not been found nor any other records. The Qld police records say that if he had been murdered they would have kept the record in the archives, but for any other disappearance the records are not kept indefinitely.

Digby married Mary Isabella TREEVE [12854], daughter of William Thomas Andrew TREEVE [12901] and Jane NEWTON [12902], on 12 Aug 1885 in Queensland Aust. Mary was born on 30 Nov 1868 in Sweers Is. Gulf of Carpentaria QLD. and died on 28 Feb 1917 in Charters Towers QLD at age 48.

General Notes:
Mary registered all her children under the surname Gerahty

Research Notes:
Image of headstone courtesy of Steven Wilder

Children from this marriage were:

+ 418 M    i. Cecil Edrick Thomas GERAHTY [12860] was born on 11 May 1884 in Queensland Aust. and died on 6 Jul 1972 in Hughenden Kennedy QLD at age 88.

+ 419 M    ii. Francis Digby Newton GERAHTY [12862] was born in 1887 in Queensland Aust. and died on 26 Feb 1964 in Queensland Aust. at age 77.

+ 420 F    iii. Emily Jane GERAHTY [12864] was born on 8 May 1892 in Normanton QLD. and died on 14 Nov 1985 in Charters Towers QLD at age 93.

+ 421 M    iv. George Frederick GERAHTY [12869] was born on 9 Apr 1895 in Queensland Aust. and died on 9 Apr 1895 in Queensland Aust.

188. Henry Mildmay GERAHTY [1398] (Augusta Louisa LOADER101, Lousia Caroline DARE72, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born in 1853 in Breconshire Powys, was baptised on 18 Apr 1862 in St Mildred Poultry LON, and died on 23 Jun 1934 in Queensland Aust. at age 81.

General Notes:

Henry was an auctioneer at Rockhampton, with rooms at 16 Denham St. next to the Oxford Hotel.

189. Augusta Louisa Caroline GERAHTY [1399] (Augusta Louisa LOADER101, Lousia Caroline DARE72, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born in 1854 in Breconshire Powys and died in 1929 in Rockhampton QLD at age 75.

General Notes:
Augusta was school teacher.

Miss Gerahty's Testimonial.
Several donations were received yesterday to the proposed testimonial to Miss Gerahty. Past pupils of the school and parents who wish to subscribe are asked to communicate with Mr J. B. Ward. C/o Messrs A. W. Kirby and Co Ltd.; Mr TFN Mullin C/o Messrs J. Stewart and Co Ltd.; or Mr A. Dunn C/o Bulletin Office.
Morning Bulletin Rockhampton Wednesday 16 October 1929 page 8.

Miss Gerahty's Retirement.
Further donations towards the proposed testimonial to Miss Gerahty on her retirement, indicate the esteem in which she was held by her pupils and the general public. Past pupils of the school and parents who wish to subscribe asked to communicate with Mr J. B. Ward. C/o Messrs A. W. Kirby and Co Ltd.; Mr TFN Mullin C/o Messrs J. Stewart and Co Ltd.; or Mr A. Dunn C/o Bulletin Office.
Morning Bulletin Rockhampton Tuesday 22 October 1929 page 8.

190. George Julius GERAHTY [12855] (Augusta Louisa LOADER101, Lousia Caroline DARE72, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born in Apr 1856 in Brecknock Brecknockshire WLS and died in Jul 1856 in Brecknock Brecknockshire WLS.

191. Arthur Francis GERAHTY [12856] (Augusta Louisa LOADER101, Lousia Caroline DARE72, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born in 1858 and died on 30 Aug 1942 in Queensland Aust. at age 84.

General Notes:
Arthur was a clerk

192. Julius Frederick GERAHTY [12857] (Augusta Louisa LOADER101, Lousia Caroline DARE72, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born in 1860 in Sth Wales and died in 1925 in Sydney NSW Australia at age 65.

Julius married Sarah Jane BROWN [12859], daughter of John BROWN [14926] and Sarah ASHURST [14927], on 3 Aug 1887 in St John Ashfield NSW.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 422 M    i. Julius E M GERAHTY [13624] was born on 20 Dec 1888 in Ishtar Frederick St Ashfield.

+ 423 M    ii. Dudley GERAHTY [13625] was born on 6 Sep 1891 in Ishtar Ashfield NSW and died on 18 Sep 1891 in Ashfield NSW.

+ 424 F    iii. Beatrice Mary GERAHTY [13626] was born in 1893 in Ashfield NSW and died in 1937 in NSW Aust at age 44.

193. Florence Eleanor GERAHTY [12858] (Augusta Louisa LOADER101, Lousia Caroline DARE72, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 9 Aug 1864 in Queensland Aust. and died on 10 Dec 1865 in Queensland Aust. at age 1.

194. Antoinette Geraldine DARE [11099] (Hon. John Julius DARE E.C.105, John Julius DARE74, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 23 Jan 1875 in British Guiana and died after 1891.

General Notes:

Antoinette married someone 3rd Qtr 1902 in Hastings District.

195. Arthur St Felix DARE [1408] (Hon. John Julius DARE E.C.105, John Julius DARE74, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 1 Jun 1876 in George Town British Guiana, died on 4 Jun 1927 in Marylebone London MDX at age 51, and was cremated on 8 Jun 1927 in Golders Green Crematoria.

General Notes:
This family line is reported to have lived in British Guiana.

Arthur St F Dare aged 23 clerk was a passenger on the Medway March 1899 from Barbados to Plymouth.

Arthur St F Dare of British Guiana, London address 21 Mincing Lane merchants clerk was a passenger on the Ingria April 1927 from the West Indies to London.

Dare - On June 4 1927 in London Arthur St Felix Dare of Georgetown Denerara aged 51 No flowers by request. Funeral service at Golders Green Crematorium on Wednesday June 8 at 12 noon
Times 1927

Arthur married Itta Mary BOUGHTON [1409] in 1903 in England. She was usually called May.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 425 M    i. John St Felix DARE [20617] was born on 4 Jan 1906 in George Town British Guiana and died on 10 Feb 1996 in Fulham LND at age 90.

+ 426 F    ii. Margaret St Felix DARE [20667] .

+ 427 F    iii. Patience Noel DARE [20668] .

196. Edith Mabel DARE [20611] (Hon. John Julius DARE E.C.105, John Julius DARE74, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born in 1884 in George Town British Guiana.

197. Sybil Marguerite DARE [11105] (Hon. John Julius DARE E.C.105, John Julius DARE74, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was baptised on 22 Jun 1887 in Holy Trinity Hampstead MDX.

198. May DARE [15520] (Hon. John Julius DARE E.C.105, John Julius DARE74, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 3 Feb 1879.

General Notes:
Birth date refer

Dixey-Dare On the 11th inst at St Mary's Church Wimbledon by the Rev F.S. Colman M.A. vicar of St John's Kingston-vale. Charles James only son of George Dixey Esq of The Grange, Wimbledon to May, second daughter of the late Honourable John Julius Dare E.C. of Demerara, and Mrs Dare of Fairholme Wimbledon. Indian & Colonial Papers please copy.
Ref: The Standard (London, England), Wednesday, June 15, 1898; pg. [1];

May married Charles James DIXEY [15523], son of George DIXEY Esq [15524], 11th Jun 1898 in St Marys Wimbledon SW LON.

199. Florence DARE [15531] (Hon. John Julius DARE E.C.105, John Julius DARE74, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born about 1881 in Demerara British Guiana and died after 1891.

General Notes:
This placement is uncertain, refer to British Guiana Colonists
The Silver Bowl puts the birth date at 1884 George Town Guiana

200. Millicent DARE [11106] (Hon. John Julius DARE E.C.105, John Julius DARE74, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 20 Apr 1889 in Osborne Hse Holland Park Tce Lnd and was baptised on 17 Jun 1889 in St John the Evangelist Ladbrook Grove MDX.

201. John DARE [1410] (Hon. John Julius DARE E.C.105, John Julius DARE74, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born about 1893 in George Town British Guiana.

Research Notes:
This placement is not proven

202. Violet Edna DARE [20616] (Hon. John Julius DARE E.C.105, John Julius DARE74, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born about 1895 in Bournmouth DOR.

203. Geoffrey St Felix DARE [11090] (Capt George Julius DARE107, John Julius DARE74, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 17 Feb 1885 in 13 Kingdon Rd Hampstead LND, was baptised on 13 May 1885 in Emmanuel Hampstead MDX, and died on 16 Mar 1957 in Royal Hospital Richmond SRY at age 72.

General Notes:
DARE. On the 17th inst, at 13 Kingdon-road, West-end, Hampstead,the wife of George Julius Dare of a son.
Ref:The Morning Post (London, England), Thursday, February 19, 1885; pg. [1];

Dare Geoffrey St Felix of 37 Litchfield-court Richmond Surrey died 16 March 1957 at The Royal Hospital Richmond Probate London 21 May to Phyllis Mary Dare spinster effects L1027 8s 2d
Ref: National Probate Calendar.

Other Records

1. Census: England, 31 Mar 1901, Mt Ararat Richmond SRY. Geoffrey is recorded as a son single aged 16 an electrical engineering worker born Hampstead LON

204. Phyllis Mary DARE [11091] (Capt George Julius DARE107, John Julius DARE74, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born about 1888 in Hampstead LND MDX.

Other Records

1. Census: England, 31 Mar 1901, Mt Ararat Richmond SRY. Phyllis is recorded as a daughter aged 13 born Hampstead LON

205. Emily Louisa SCOTT [1416] (Blanch Emily DARE110, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 19 Jun 1864 in Straits Settlements and died on 14 May 1940 in Eastborne SSX at age 75.

206. Blanche Sarah Waller SCOTT [1417] (Blanch Emily DARE110, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born in 1865 in Singapore and was baptised on 31 Jan 1866.

Blanche married Edward Clarributt SKINNER [1418] about 1899. Edward was born about 1869 in Lyme Regis DOR.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 428 F    i. Barbara Clarabutt SKINNER [20632] was born on 25 Apr 1900 in Thames Ditton SRY.

207. William Robert SCOTT [2209] (Blanch Emily DARE110, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born in 1867 in London.

William married Edith HUMPHRIS [2210]. Edith was born about 1869.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 429 F    i. Evelyn Humphris SCOTT [20640] was born about 1898.

+ 430 M    ii. Ramsay Dare SCOTT [20641] was born on 21 Mar 1901 in MDX.

+ 431 M    iii. John Garrett SCOTT [20642] was born about 1904 in England.

+ 432 M    iv. Ralph Maxwell SCOTT [20643] was born about 1907 in England.

208. Percival Ramsay SCOTT [20644] (Blanch Emily DARE110, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 6 Aug 1871 in Yokohama Japan.

Percival married Emma Mary LUCAS [20645] on 18 Oct 1906 in Holy Trinity Hampstead MDX. Emma was born about 1885.

Percival next married Lilian HARRINGTON [20646] on 13 Aug 1913 in San Francisco California USA. Lilian was born about 1880.

209. Walter Dare SCOTT [5044] (Blanch Emily DARE110, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born in 1872 in Straits Settlements and died on 16 Nov 1935 in Cap D'ail France at age 63.

Research Notes:
For more on Walter see Roots Web

Walter married Annie KRAUSE [20647] on 28 Jun 1913 in Berlin Brandenberg Prussia. Annie was born in France.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 433 F    i. Hilma SCOTT [20648] .

210. Lilian Catherine SCOTT [20649] (Blanch Emily DARE110, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born about 1875 in Marylebone London MDX.

Lilian married Sydney Thomas SPAULDING [20650] in 1902.

211. Cecil Julius SCOTT [20651] (Blanch Emily DARE110, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born about 1877 in Hampstead MDX and died on 4 May 1961 in Walberswick SFK aged about 84.

Cecil married Mary Cecely MAY [20652] on 29 Oct 1910 in India. Mary was born on 5 Jul 1881 in Bromley KEN.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 434 F    i. Cicely Margaret SCOTT [20653] was born in 1912.

+ 435 F    ii. Hilary Blanche SCOTT [20655] was born in 1914.

212. Hilda Florence SCOTT [20658] (Blanch Emily DARE110, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born about 1879 in Hampstead MDX.

213. Mary Evelyn SCOTT [20659] (Blanch Emily DARE110, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born about 1880 in Hampstead MDX.

214. Mary Louisa BOLTON [20618] (Louisa Caroline DARE111, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 27 Aug 1865 in Singapore, was baptised on 4 Oct 1865 in Singapore, and died on 11 Mar 1866 in Hong Kong.

General Notes:
Inscription on Happy Valley Graveyard in Hong Kong:
Sacred to the memory / of/ MARY LOUISA/ infant daughter / of/ CHARLES JAMES/ and / LOUISA CAROLINE BOLTON/ died 11th March 1866/ aged 6 months eleven days.Thy Will be done.
Ref: The Silver Bowl.

Birth date from Mary's baptismal certificate August 27, 1865.

215. Lieut Charles George BOLTON [1421] (Louisa Caroline DARE111, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 14 Nov 1866 in Singapore, was baptised on 25 Dec 1866 in Singapore, and died on 28 Oct 1900 in Greenock RFW at age 33.

Research Notes:
BOLTON Charles George of H.M. ship "Benbow" lieutenant in the Royal Navy died 28 October 1900 at the infirmary Greenock Renfrewshire Administration (with Will) London 1 February to Charles James Bolton esquire
Effects Resworn August 1901 L2926 2s. 5d

216. Violet BOLTON [1422] (Louisa Caroline DARE111, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 7 Jan 1869 in London, was baptised on 12 Feb 1869 in St Luke West Kilburn MDX, and died between May and Jun 1870 at sea enroute to Calcutta.

217. John Julius Dare ABELL [1425] (Sarah Elizabeth DARE112, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 4 Feb 1880 in Hiogo Japan, was baptised on 4 Apr 1880 in Kobe Japan, and died on 22 Jun 1950 in England at age 70.

General Notes:
ABELL, John Julius Dare [Jock] [DABELL, J.] / P III / GB / TR /
Son of <meiji_portraits_a.html>John Catto Abell <meiji_portraits_a.html> and Sarah Elizabeth Dare Abell, who was born February 4, 1880 in Japan. After his education in GB he returned to Japan again in 1896 starting to work with <meiji_firms_l.html>Lucas & Co <meiji_firms_l.html>., Trade and Insurance Agency, Kobe # 20. He stayed at this company until 1901 when he joined the <meiji_firms_h.html>Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation <meiji_firms_h.html>, # 36, Sakaye-machi, Kobe. From 1904 until 1906 he was employed with <meiji_firms_s.html>Strachan & Co <meiji_firms_s.html>., Insurance Agents, Kobe Branch, Kaigan-dori # 1. From 1907 on he was again occupied as a banking clerk, now with the <meiji_firms_i.html>International Banking Corporation <meiji_firms_i.html>, Kobe Branch, # 8-B Maye-machi, finally advancing to the accountant.
On April 17, 1909 he married Vesta Atkinson (17.06.1880) in Kobe, daughter of John Laidlaw Atkinson, in Kobe.

John aged 41 is recorded with his family as a passenger on the Empress of Asia from Yokohama Japan to Victoria British Columbia arriving 23 January 1922 enroute to London. He is described as a shipping agent of Scotch (sic) ancestry religion Presbyterian .
Their address in England was 319 Auckland Road, Upper Norwood SW.

John and Vester are recorded on an Electoral Register dated 1929 for Farnham Surrey

Abell John Julius Dare otherwise John Dare of Ellesmere Thornhill Park Road Bitterne Southampton died 21 May 1950. Probate Winchester 22 June 1950 to Vesta Abell widow. Effects L2744 17s 4d
National Probate Calendar.

Other Records

1. Census: England, 5 Apr 1891, Bromley Kent by Bow. John Julius Dare is recorded as a lodger aged 11 born Hiogo Japan

John married Vesta ATKINSON [1426], daughter of Dr John Laidlaw ATKINSON MA DD of Kobe Japan. [15528] and Caroline Electa GUERNSEY [23268], on 17 Apr 1909 in Kobe Japan. Vesta was born on 17 Feb 1880 in Kobe Japan and died on 25 Jul 1954 in Caterham Hospital SRY England at age 74.

General Notes:
At Kobe, on the 17th of April, John Julius Dare, only son of the late John Catto Abell, of Aberdeen, Scotland, to Vesta, youngest daughter of the late Rev J. L. Atkinson, MA DD of Kobe.
Ref: The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser (1884-1942), 4 May 1909, Page 4

Vesta aged 38 is recorded as a passenger on the Empress of Asia from Yokohama Japan to Victoria British Columbia arriving 23 January 1922 enroute to London. She is described as a housewife of Scotch (sic) ancestry religion Presbyterian .

Abell Vesta of 50 Fairdene Road Coulsdon Surrey widow died 25 July 1954 at Caterham Hospital Dene extension Caterham Surrey. Probate London 17 August 1954 to Winifred Lark (wife of Gordon Hearn Lark). Effects L1193 3s 4d
National Probate Calendar.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 436 F    i. Winifred Vesta ABELL [23309] was born circa 1911 in Japan.

+ 437 F    ii. Phoebe Sarah ABELL [23310] was born on 11 Nov 1918 in Japan and was baptised on 19 Apr 1919 in All Saints Kobe Japan.

+ 438 M    iii. John Dare ABELL [20661] was born on 8 Jun 1921 in Kobe Japan, was baptised on 30 Nov 1921 in All Saints Kobe Japan, and died on 20 Jun 2008 in Gympie Queensland at age 87.

+ 439 F    iv. Hilda Isle ABELL [23314] was born 1 Feb 1923 in Wandsworth LON.

218. Blanche Mary ABELL [1427] (Sarah Elizabeth DARE112, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born in 1884 in Hiogo Japan.

Other Records

1. Census: England, 5 Apr 1891, Bromley Kent by Bow. Blanche is recorded as a lodger aged 6 born Hiogo Japan.

Blanche had a relationship with Herbert E GREEN [1428].

Marriage Notes:
This couple married in Japan

219. George Edward ALLEN [1431] (Annie Maria DARE113, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 5 Feb 1871 in Orange Grove Singapore and died in 1967 at age 96.

George married Mary Alice HARTIGAN [20664] on 11 Jun 1922 in St James Paddington. Mary was born on 29 Dec 1881 in St Johns Plc Hong Kong.

220. Winifred Maud ALLEN [1432] (Annie Maria DARE113, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 10 Nov 1872 in Hurricane Cottage Singapore and died in 1961 at age 89.

Winifred married Joseph Collinson NICHOLSON [1433] in Dec 1895 in Shanghai China.

General Notes:
Joseph was manager of the Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 440 M    i. Knowler NICHOLSON [5047] .

+ 441 M    ii. Whitworth B NICHOLSON [20665] was born about 1897 in Yokohama Japan.

+ 442 M    iii. Field NICHOLSON [5046] was born in 1900 in Yokohama Japan.

+ 443 F    iv. Winifred Mary NICHOLSON [5048] was born about 1901 in Teighnmouth DEV.

+ 444 F    v. Dorothy Patricia NICHOLSON [20666] was born in 1902 in Teighnmouth DEV.

+ 445 F    vi. Mildred Joyce NICHOLSON [5045] was born about 1908 in Bexhill SSX.

221. Kathleen McCullagh JACKSON [7730] (Amelia Lydia DARE114, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 7 Jul 1872 and died on 2 Jun 1959 in Marks Barn Braintree ESS at age 86.

Kathleen married Major Albert Maitland TABOR [7731] on 29 Oct 1910 in Stanstead SFK. Albert was born before 1872 and died on 12 Nov 1941 in Bovington Hall Bocking ESS.

222. Edith Bradford JACKSON [7732] (Amelia Lydia DARE114, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born in 1873 and died on 7 Sep 1874 at age 1.

223. Amy Oliver JACKSON [1440] (Amelia Lydia DARE114, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 27 May 1874 and died in 1962 at age 88.

Research Notes:
This History of the Jackson Family was compiled by AMY LLOYD, a daughter of Sir Thomas Jackson. It was done in 1951 and is regrettably without sources. I have copied only the portions which have not been superceded by other research. This is the third such section.
Sharon Oddie Brown 2011

Note: Nothing new is included and it contains a number of innacuries
E L Fenn 2011

Amy married Brig Gen John Henry LLOYD [1441] on 4 Aug 1900.

General Notes:
John was a Capt in the Kings Own Regiment.

224. Sir Thomas Dare JACKSON Bart [1444] (Amelia Lydia DARE114, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 14 Jun 1876 in Japan and died on 2 Feb 1954 at age 77.

Research Notes:
For more information on this family:

Image courtesy: The Silver Bowl

Thomas married Mary Lilian Vera Massy LLOYD [7733] on 1 Jan 1919 in St Mary-le-Tower Ipswich SFK. Mary was born on 12 May 1891 and died on 1 Apr 1975 at age 83.

Research Notes:
Image courtesy: The Silver Bowl

225. Beatrice Minnie Shrieve JACKSON [7734] (Amelia Lydia DARE114, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 19 Dec 1879 in Hong Kong and died on 19 May 1972 in Beech Walk Honiton at age 92.

Beatrice married Lt Col Raymond John MARKER [7735] on 21 Nov 1906. Raymond died on 4 Nov 1914 in WWI.

226. Sir George Julius JACKSON [7736] (Amelia Lydia DARE114, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 4 Jun 1883 and died on 21 Feb 1956 at age 72.

General Notes:
The title (originating with Sir Thomas JACKSON) moved to George Julius JACKSON because of the deaths of his cousins, Thomas & Julius.(SOURCE: email Brian McDonald)

George married Nesta Katherine BARCLAY [7740] on 12 Jan 1909 in St Pauls Knightsbridge LON.

General Notes:
Julius Jottings No 5 Jun 1901
Lady Jackson is recorded as a subscriber.

227. Dorothy St Felix JACKSON [7741] (Amelia Lydia DARE114, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 26 Jul 1887 in Chislehurst KEN.

General Notes:
Dorothy did not marry

228. Walter David Russell JACKSON [7742] (Amelia Lydia DARE114, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 8 Mar 1890 in Chislehurst KEN and died on 15 Dec 1956 at age 66.

Walter married Kathleen HUNTER [7743] on 15 Mar 1915 in Elsdon Northumberland. Kathleen was born in Apr 1895 and died on 6 Jul 1975 in Edward VII Hospital Midhurst at age 80.

229. Capt Claude Stewart JACKSON [1442] (Amelia Lydia DARE114, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 30 Jan 1892 in Chiselhurst KEN and died on 9 Oct 1917 in Ypres Belgium at age 25.

General Notes:
Claude was a Captain in the Coldstream Guards.

Claude married Laura Emily PEARSON [1443], daughter of Hon William PEARSON of Victoria Australia [1491], on 5 May 1916 in Brompton Parish Church. Laura was born in Victoria Aust..

General Notes:
Laura lived in Victoria Australia.

230. Alfred Julius DARE [1446] (Alfred Henry DARE115, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 16 Jul 1886 and died about 1970 in Folkstone KEN aged about 84.

General Notes:
A J Dare 49 Holmwood Gdns., Tulse Hill SW
Kellys 1902 Directory of the Southern Districts of London

Sarah Ann Julius writes to Louisa Brewin 25 May 1906 :
. . . . . "a friend of mine returned (to St Kitts) from a visit she was making to England, & she told me among the passengers was a young man so much like my brother that it was remarkable - and strange to say his name was Julius Dare - it was indeed strange".

Albert was on an absent voters list in 1918 & Autumn 1919 for West Dorset, address was C/o Charminster Vicarage he was a 2nd Lieut R.E.

On the 28 September 1917 Albert landed in London from Beunos Aires a passenger on the ship Highland Loch he was aged 31 and had been residing in Argentine.
He was accompanied by Viola Dare aged 31 and Henry W T Dare aged 3.
Ref: UK Incoming Passenger Lists Ancestry.

Albert was a 2nd Lieut in the 1st Field Sqd Royal Engineers. Served in France from 5 Oct 1918. Applied and was granted a Victory Medal and a General Service Medal.

Julius was involved in railway work in the Malay States.

On the 23 August 1919 Albert embarked at Glasgow for the Penang Malay States aboard The Blue Funnel Line ship Mentor he was aged 33 and had been residing in England.
He was accompanied by Viola Dare aged 33 and Henry W T Dare aged 5.
Ref: UK Outward Passenger Lists Ancestry.

His address was shown on his Medal Record was - Cons Dept F M S Railways Kuala Lumpur.

In 1924 Alfred was an executor of the Will of Alfred Henry Dare [1445]

Alfred travelled alone to Beunos Aires on the Highland Brigade in Jan 1931. Aged 45 his address in England was given as The Gables St Johns Rd Watford.

Alfred Julius Dare Isis House Folly Bridge Oxford TN 5645
Kellys 1939 Directory of Oxfordshire

1939 Register
Isis House Folly Bridge , Oxford C.B., Oxfordshire, England
Alfred JDare16 Jul 1886Civil Engineer Married

Alfred married Alison WHEELER [20628].

Alfred next married Viola Netta BARCLAY [15529], daughter of Rev W G BARCLAY [15530], in Jun 1913 in Rosario Santa Fe Argentina. Viola was born on 17 Mar 1886.

General Notes:
The marriage between Mr Julius Dare, eldest son of Mr A. H. Dare, of Kobe, Japan, and Miss Viola Barclay, eldest daughter of the Reverend W. G. Barclay, R.D. Rector of Minteene, Dorchester, will take place early this month at Rosaria de Santa Fe, Argentina. Miss Barclay has received many presents, including gifts from Lord and Lady Digby, the Dowager Lady Ashburton, Col the Hon Everard and Lady Emily Digby, also, Capt the Hon Gerald and Lady Lillian Digby.
Ref: The Straits Times, 11 June 1913, Page 8

1939 Register
Isis House Folly Bridge , Oxford C.B., Oxfordshire, England
Viola N MDare17 Mar 1886Unpaid Domestic Married

Children from this marriage were:

+ 446 M    i. Flt/Lt Henry William Julius DARE [11100] was born about 1914 and died on 3 Aug 1943 aged about 29.

+ 447 M    ii. Kenneth Barclay DARE [20629] was born in 1915 and died in 1915.

+ 448 F    iii. Damaris Primrose Lena DARE [20610] was born in 1918 and died in 2008 at age 90.

+ 449 M    iv. John Owen DARE [20615] was born on 13 Dec 1919 and died 1 Qtr 1997 in Thurlstone DEV at age 77.

231. Norman Fielden DARE [1447] (Alfred Henry DARE115, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 19 Mar 1888 in Walthamstow ESS.

General Notes:
Norman went mining in the Malay States.

A Norman Clifford Dare is indexed on the IGI as:
Baptised 18 Apr 1897 at Glemsford SFK son of Alfred Dare and Rosinia Yeldham
There appears to be a big Dare family at Glemsford.

Other Records

1. Census: England, 31 Mar 1901, Weymouth Dorset. Norman is recorded as a boarder at Portmore School aged 13 a scholar born Wathamstow ESS

Norman spouse unknown Evelyn F GOODWYN [20620].

The child from this marriage was:

+ 450 F    i. Audrey DARE [11499] was born about 1920.

232. Harold DARE [20613] (Alfred Henry DARE115, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 30 Jan 1890 in Japan and died about Feb 1973 in Chapala Mexico aged about 83.

Harold married Sybil Rowena MORRIS [20669] on 4 Feb 1918.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 451 F    i. Naomi DARE [20670] .

+ 452 M    ii. George Harold Armine DARE [20612] was born on 5 Nov 1918 and died in 2010 at age 92.

Harold next married Laura Willard PRICE [20671] in 1925 in Paris France. Laura was born on 13 Nov 1900 in Toronto CAN.

Research Notes:
They had issue four children

233. Marjorie Fielden DARE [20623] (Alfred Henry DARE115, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born 1st Qtr 1900 in Hertford District.

Marjorie married Frederick LOFTUS-TOTTENHAM [20624].

Children from this marriage were:

+ 453 M    i. John LOFTUS-TOTTENHAM [20625] .

+ 454 M    ii. Michael LOFTUS-TOTTENHAM [20626] .

+ 455 M    iii. Ralph LOFTUS-TOTTENHAM [20627] .

234. Mary HARTIGAN [15525] (Florence Gertrude DARE116, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1).

235. Dermot HARTIGAN [15526] (Florence Gertrude DARE116, George Julius DARE R.N.75, Louisa Caroline JULIUS40, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1).

236. Jessie PARKINSON [1178] (Arabella Emily QUILTER118, Arabella Maria JULIUS78, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born in 1842 and died in 1927 at age 85.

General Notes:
Jessie lived in Paignton Devon.

Jessie married Lieut Gen George Ballye FISHER [1179] in 1862. George died on 20 Apr 1907.

General Notes:
George was of the Bengal Lancers, this couple had no known issue.

237. Emily Margaret PARKINSON [1180] (Arabella Emily QUILTER118, Arabella Maria JULIUS78, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born in 1847 in Hanington Lincs and died in 1930 at age 83.

General Notes:
Emily was a school teacher in Paignton Devonshire. She did not marry.

Other Records

1. Census: England, 8 Apr 1861, Canwick Vicarage LIN. Emily is recorded as a grand daughter of George and Arabella Quilter aged 13 born Harrington LIN

2. Census: England, 3 Apr 1881, South St Bishops Tawton DEV. Emily is recorded as a daughter unmarried aged 33 an anuitant born Hannington LIN

3. Census: England, 31 Mar 1901, Paignton Devonshire. Emily is recorded as living with her mother single aged 53 a certificated school mistress born Hanington Lincolnshire

238. George Edward PARKINSON [1181] (Arabella Emily QUILTER118, Arabella Maria JULIUS78, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born in 1858 and died on 8 Jan 1880 in Africa at age 22.

General Notes:
George is said to have died in Africa - tree Julius Jottings No2, marriage details uncertain. John Hill puts him died 8 Jan 1890 Switzland.

George married but appears to have had no issue

George married Lizzie O'BYRNE [10976] in 1886.

239. Robert Cary GILSON [1185] (Mary Anne QUILTER120, Arabella Maria JULIUS78, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 2 Apr 1863 in Boston LIN and died on 18 Feb 1939 in Quilters West ChiltingtonPulborough SSX at age 75.

General Notes:
Robert Cary. Gilson - College: TRINITY Entered: pens. at TRINITY, June 8, 1882. S. and h. of Henry Robert, of Park Place, Worksop, Notts. B. [Apr. 2], 1863, at Boston, Lincs. School, Haileybury. Matric. Michs. 1882; Scholar, 1884; B.A. (Class. Trip., 1st Class, Pt I, 1884; Pt. II, 1886) 1886; M.A. 1890. Fellow, 1889. Assistant Master at Haileybury School, 1887-90; at Harrow, 1890-1900. Head Master of the Schools of King Edward VI, Birmingham, 1900-29. President of the Association of Headmasters, 1908; Chairman of the Headmasters' Conference, 1909-10, 1922-3 and 1928-9. Lived latterly at Pulborough, Sussex, where he died Feb. 18, 1939. Brother of the above. (Haileybury Sch. Reg.; Who was Who; Scott, MSS.; Schoolmasters' Directories; The Times, Feb. 20, 1939.)Cambridge University Alumni, 1261-1900

Julius Jottings No 4 Jan 1901.
Robert Carey Gilson has lately been appointed headmaster of King Edward's School, Birmingham

Mr Cary Gilson.
An Appreciation.
L.S.A. writes:
May an old Harrow pupil of Cary Gilson's be permitted to add a few words of affectionate tribute to the obituary notice which appeared in The Times? Of the great years of his Headmastership of King Edward's School I only know at second-hand, though no one connected with Birmingham could be unaware of the remarkable influence he exercised not only upon the school itself but upon Birmingham education as a whole. But I can will recall my surprise and excitement, as a schoolboy, at discovering in a newly arrived "composition specialist" a teacher who was interested, not merely in the Latin elegiacs or Demosthenic prose, but in everything under the sun, and contrived to make one share his interest. I was actually his pupil only in two subjects, the Classics at Harrow and mountaineering in the Lake Country and afterwards in the Alps. I learned much from him in both fields, but even more in all the opportunities for talk which school life and the mountains afforded. There must be many who can look back upon such talks, illuminated by his happy and unpedanticomniscience, as memories standing out brightly from distant years.
The Times Tuesday, February 21, 1939, pg 16; Issue 48235; col E.

MR. Cary Gilson
Major C.V.L.Lycett writes:
May I as a pupil for 91/2 years under Cary Gilson at Birmineham, add a word of appreciation. To a young boy the most enduring impression of him was a majestic figure sweeping through Big School in the evening to take' prayers. He had an imposing presence and a truly magnificent voice, and his rendering of the prayers in the Common Prayer-book have endowed them in my memory, and I am sure in the memory of many another of his pupils with a magic which will endure for my whole life. As I grew older and got to know him better and sat under him in class I was enthralled by his wide knowledge on all subjects, his ability to correlate facts from all sources, and his power of throwing light on passages in the classics.
But above all I think his greatest service to the school he loved was the high moral tone which he inspired throughout. He ever set in front of us ideals of clean living, scholarship, and sportsmanship, which pervaded the whole school and which have remained with his old Pupils ever since. His death comes as a great shock, but I am proud to feel that once I sat at his feet.
The Times, Wednesday, Feb 22, 1939; pg. 16;

Mr. R. Cary Gilson.
A Great Birmingham Headmaster.
Mr R. Cary Gilson, headmaster of the Schools of King Edward in Birmingham from 1900 to 1929, died at Quilters Roundabouts, Sussex, on Saturday, at the age of 75.
Born at Boston, Lincolnshire, in 1863, son of Mr H. R. Gilson. Robert Cary Gilson left the Fen country at an early age. In 1878 he went to Haileybury, where he remained for four years, being Captain of the school in his last year. He was awarded his First XV covers for Rugby football and he recalled that in those days some of the games were played with as many as 60 a side, after the fashion described in "Tom Brown's Schooldays". In 1882 he went up as a scholar to Trinity College Cambridge, and began reading Classics and Mathematics. After a time he gave up Mathematics and in 1884 took a First Class in Part I of the Classical Tripos. In 1885 he read Science and in the next year took a First Class in Part II of the Classical Tripos with distinction in Ancient Philosophy and in Pure Scholarship. In 1889 he was elected a Fellow of Trinity. For a time he was Classical Lecturer at Newnham. He was an enthusiastic devotee of mountaineering and was elected a member of the Alpine Club in 1891. In 1887 when reading for the Bar, he received an invitation from the headmaster of Haileybury to fill a temporary position in his old school. There he confessed his career was altered by the accident of falling in love with a profession. His recollection of the three years spent at Haileybury, where he was sixth form master, where of the happiest. In 1890 he was invited by the late Dr J.E.C. Welldon to go to Harrow and his composition master, a position which brought with it a free timetable but a great deal of work. He was the obvious person to take another master's form, and during this time at Harrow he took every form in the school. In 1900 he was appointed headmaster of King Edward's School Birmingham. Mr Cary Gilson was a great headmaster, who continued a line of great headmasters. Under his guidance the record of the University distinctions gained by pupils - including two Senior Wrangleships in successive years, and equally brilliant achievements in the field of Classics - has not been surpassed. Cary Gilson will also be long remembered as having preserved the school's traditions an individuality in spite of financial rearrangements due to the War. The income of the foundation came to be supplemented by the municipality, but the character of the school was unchanged. He was president of the Incorporated Association of Headmasters in 1908, and chairman of committee of the Headmasters Conferences of 1909-10, 1922-23, and 1928-29.
Outside his work Gilson interested himself in higher education in the city of Birmingham generally. From 1904 to 1913 he was chairman of the Higher Education Subcommittee of the city. In 1890 he married Emily Annie, eldest daughter of Surgeon Major Isaac Newton, of Broadlands, Cheltenham. She died in 1907. There was one daughter and one son of the marriage. The son was killed in action in July 1916. Mr Cary Gilson married secondly in 1909 Marianne Caroline, youngest daughter of Mr John Dunstall of Rochester, and by her had two sons and a daughter.
The Times Monday Feb 20, 1939, pg 14; Issue 48234; col B.
Robert was a Master at Harrow, Headmaster of King Edwards School Birmingham, Scholar and Fellow of Trinity College Cambridge. President of the Headmasters Assn 1908.

Research Notes: Obituaries
Mr. R. Cary Gilson.
A Great Birmingham Headmaster.
Mr R. Cary Gilson, headmaster of the Schools of King Edward in Birmingham from 1900 to 1929, died at Quilters Roundabouts, Sussex, on Saturday, at the age of 75.
Born at Boston, Lincolnshire, in 1863, son of Mr H. R. Gilson. Robert Cary Gilson left the Fen country at an early age. In 1878 he went to Haileybury, where he remained for four years, being Captain of the school in his last year. He was awarded his First XV covers for Rugby football and he recalled that in those days some of the games were played with as many as 60 a side, after the fashion described in "Tom Brown's Schooldays". In 1882 he went up as a scholar to Trinity College Cambridge, and began reading Classics and Mathematics. After a time he gave up Mathematics and in 1884 took a First Class in Part I of the Classical Tripos. In 1885 he read Science and in the next year took a First Class in Part II of the Classical Tripos with distinction in Ancient Philosophy and in Pure Scholarship. In 1889 he was elected a Fellow of Trinity. For a time he was Classical Lecturer at Newnham. He was an enthusiastic devotee of mountaineering and was elected a member of the Alpine Club in 1891. In 1887 when reading for the Bar, he received an invitation from the headmaster of Haileybury to fill a temporary position in his old school. There he confessed his career was altered by the accident of falling in love with a profession. His recollection of the three years spent at Haileybury, where he was sixth form master, where of the happiest. In 1890 he was invited by the late Dr J.E.C. Welldon to go to Harrow and his composition master, a position which brought with it a free timetable but a great deal of work. He was the obvious person to take another master's form, and during this time at Harrow he took every form in the school. In 1900 he was appointed headmaster of King Edward's School Birmingham. Mr Cary Gilson was a great headmaster, who continued a line of great headmasters. Under his guidance the record of the University distinctions gained by pupils - including two Senior Wrangleships in successive years, and equally brilliant achievements in the field of Classics - has not been surpassed. Cary Gilson will also be long remembered as having preserved the school's traditions an individuality in spite of financial rearrangements due to the War. The income of the foundation came to be supplemented by the municipality, but the character of the school was unchanged. He was president of the Incorporated Association of Headmasters in 1908, and chairman of committee of the Headmasters Conferences of 1909-10, 1922-23, and 1928-29.
Outside his work Gilson interested himself in higher education in the city of Birmingham generally. From 1904 to 1913 he was chairman of the Higher Education Subcommittee of the city. In 1890 he married Emily Annie, eldest daughter of Surgeon Major Isaac Newton, of Broadlands, Cheltenham. She died in 1907. There was one daughter and one son of the marriage. The son was killed in action in July 1916. Mr Cary Gilson married secondly in 1909 Marianne Caroline, youngest daughter of Mr John Dunstall of Rochester, and by her had two sons and a daughter.
The Times Monday Feb 20, 1939, pg 14; Issue 48234; col B.

Other Records

1. Census: England, 31 Mar 1901, King Edwards School Headmasters House St Martin Birmingham. Robert is recorded as head of house married aged 37 a School Headmaster born Boston LIN.
There are also 5 servants in the house

2. Census: England, 2 Apr 1911, Marston Green nr Birmingham. Robert is recorded as head of the house of 14 rooms married aged 48 Headmaster of King Edwards School Birmingham born Boston LIN
There were 5 servants in the household.

Robert married Emily Annie NEWTON [1186], daughter of Surgeon Major Isaac NEWTON [10608], in Mar 1890. Emily was born circa 1866 in India and died on 26 Apr 1907 in Harrow MDX aged about 41.

General Notes:
Gilson Emily Annie of King Edward's School Birmingham (wife of Robert Carey Gilson) died 26 April 1907 at Harrow on the Hill Middlesex Administration Birmingham 27 July to the said Robert Carey Gilson headmaster. Effects L94 16s 0d
Ref: National Probate Calendar.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 456 F    i. Dr Mary Dorothea GILSON [1187] was born on 8 Oct 1892 in Harrow MDX, was baptised on 16 Nov 1892 in St Mary Harrow MDX, and died in Dec 1966 in Birmingham WAR at age 74.

+ 457 M    ii. Lieut Robert Quilter GILSON [1188] was born on 25 Oct 1893 in Harrow MDX, was baptised on 20 Dec 1893 in St Mary Harrow MDX, and died on 1 Jul 1916 in action France at age 22.

Robert next married Marianne Caroline DUNSTALL [10888], daughter of John DUNSTALL of Rochester [250] and Caroline MUMFORD [9736], in 1909. Marianne was born circa 1878 in Rochester KEN and died in 1977 in Evesham WOR aged about 99.

Other Records

1. Census: England, 2 Apr 1911, Marston Green nr Birmingham. Marianne Caroline is recorded as a wife aged 33 married one year with one living child born Rochester KEN

Children from this marriage were:

+ 458 M    i. Hugh Cary GILSON [10889] was born on 3 Jan 1910 in Marston Green nr Birmingham and died in 2000 in Teignbridge DEV at age 90.

+ 459 M    ii. Dr John Cary GILSON CBE FRCP FFOM [10890] was born on 9 Aug 1911 and died on 1 Dec 1989 in Honiton DEV at age 78.

+ 460 F    iii. Caroline GILSON [10891] was born on 1 Dec 1916.

240. Julius Parnell GILSON [1189] (Mary Anne QUILTER120, Arabella Maria JULIUS78, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 23 Jun 1868 in Worksop NTT and died on 16 Jun 1929 in Chertsey SRY at age 60.

General Notes:
Julius Parnell Gilson - Entered: pens. at TRINITY, Oct. 8, 1886. Born: 23 Jun 1868 [Younger] s. of Henry Robert, of 3, Park Place, Worksop, Notts. B. [June 23, 1868], at Worksop. School, Haileybury. Matric. Michs. 1886; Scholar, 1887; B.A. (Class. Trip., 1st Class., Pts I and II) 1889; M.A. 1893. Studied at Bonn, Hanover, etc., for a time. Assistant Master at Sherborne School for a short period. Assistant in the MSS. Department, British Museum, 1894. Assistant Keeper, 1909, and Keeper of MSS., and Egerton Librarian, 1911-29. Edited the Mozarabic Psalter (Henry Bradshaw Society) 1905; joint editor of the Catalogue of Royal and King's MSS. [p.57] and of the New Palaeographical Society's publications; edited the Burke-Windham Correspondence for the Roxburgh Club and prepared the invaluable 'Students' Guide to the MSS. of the British Museum.' A skilled Alpine climber. Resided latterly at Weybridge, where he died Jan. 16, 1939. Brother of the next. (Haileybury Sch. Reg.; Scott, MSS.; Who was Who; The Times, Jan. 17, 1939.)
Cambridge University Alumni, 1261-1900.

Julius Jottings April 1902 No7
Julius was a Palaeographer, Scholar, Author and Keeper of the Manuscripts, and Egerton Librarian at the British Museum. A Fellow of Trinity College Cambridge, he contributed an article on this vast collection, which contains some 50,000 volumes, plus 65,000 charters & rolls, 800 Greek & Latin papyri, 15,000 detatched seals and other items.
He particularly comments on the Old Royal MSS., the nucleus of which, he notes, was collected by the antiquary John Leland who was King Henry VIII's librarian. It mainly comprised part of the vast collection of MSS in the monastic libraries, secured at their dissolution. The Royal Collection continued to acquire other collections of monastry and early MSS, which George II presented to the nation, and is now held by the British Museum
Books by Julius on his subject, are currently available online in 2009.

Death was 1929 Apr Qtr Chertsey Ref: 2a 109, above dates confused with his brother Robert Cary Gilson.

Mr J. P. Gilson
The British Museum Manuscripts.
We regret to announce that Mr Julius Parnell Gilson, Keeper of the Manuscripts and Egerton Librarian at the British Museum, died in a nursing home at Weybridge yesterday.
Mr Gilson who was born at Worksop in 1868, the son of Henry Robert Gilson, was educated at Haileybury and Trinity College Cambridge, of which he was a scholar and from which he took a first in both parts of the Classical Tripos. He was appointed an assistant in the Department of Manuscripts at the British Museum in 1894, and was promoted Assistant Keeper in 1909 and Keeper in 1912.
A correspondent sends us the following appreciation of Mr Gilson's career:
The news of Mr Gilson's death will come as a great shock to his many friends, who had hoped that his progress after a recent operation was such that his recovery would only be a question of a few weeks. A sudden relapse yesterday morning brought the end.
Mr Gilson was appointed to the Keepership of the Department of Manuscripts in 1912, on the retirement of Sir George Warner, his altogether exceptional gifts and wide knowledge having long marked him out for the post. By nature one of the most modest and unassuming of men, he placed his great learning unreservedly at the disposal of the public, without a thought of any personal gain, and no trouble was ever too great, whether on behalf of a serious scholar or a chance visitor with an often trivial query. No one who has had occasion to consult him can fail to have been impressed by his knowledge, but it is only those who have been privileged to work with him or under him that no its full extent and extraordinary variety. He whiles a fine classical scholar as well as a first rate mediaevalist, and he possessed also an unusual knowledge of early science, mathematics, theology, and Canon and civil law, as is amply demonstrated by his notes in the volumes of the Class Catalogue
in the Manuscript Students Room of the British Museum. His critical powers and his wide reading were also invaluable in dealing with literary and other autographs of all kinds, including the detection of forgeries; one of his last pieces of work was the rearrangement of the exhibition of autographs at the British Museum, and the writing of the introduction to the guide to that section. His name will be found also on the title page as one of those who assisted Dr W. W. Greg in his English Literary Autographs of the Elizabethan Period.
The list of works actually published under Mr Gilson's name is a small one, and gives no idea of his immense contribution to English scholarship. His name, however, will always live as one of the joint editors of the great "Catalogue of Royal and King's Manuscripts in the British Museum" published by the Trustees in 1921 after upwards of 30 years preparation; Mr Gilson's share in the work included the masterly introduction, as well as the compiling of many of the descriptions and the revision, with Sir George Warner, of the whole catalogue. He was also a joint editor from the start in 1903 of the New Palaeographical Societie's Facsimiles, the last number of which is in the press, and few people will ever know the immense amount of work which he devoted to the publications, work which it must be remembered was not only unpaid, but anonymous. Only the writers of footnotes acknowledging his help, and there are many of these know how great that help was, and how often his tentative allusion to some work quite unknown to them has resulted in the complete solution of their problem. The few publications that actually bear his name in include editions of the Mozarabit Psalter for the Henry Bradshaw Society, and of the Burke Windham Correspondence for the Roxburghe Club, and the invaluable "A Student's Guide to the Manuscripts of the British Museum" in the "Helps for Students of History" series printed by the S.P.C.K. A privately printed account by him of the Saxon Gospel's in York Minster Library was also issued in 1925. His reproduction, published by the Trustees, of the well known Exultet Roll in the British Museum, the introduction to which is as learned and full of information as it is concise.
It remains to say a word on the personal side, which is the one least known to the general public. His naturally somewhat retiring disposition made him seem at times a man of few words, and not everyone realised that the less he said the more he often felt. It was left for those who constantly met and worked with him to appreciate the kindness, ready sympathy, and sense of humour that were inate in him, qualities that never failed to appear in his letters to his friends. The British Museum and English scholarship have suffered an irreparable loss, while to his colleagues and his personal friends and in the former case of the two were synonymous, it is one that will become more and more apparent in the fullness of time. The deep sympathy of all will be felt with Mrs Gilson in her great sorrow.
The Times, Monday, June 17, 1929; pg 19; Issue 45231; col C.

Mr J. P. Gilson.
The Rev Dr Bickersteth, Librarian of Canterbury Cathedral Library, writes:
It is impossible to sit in this library and not to recall the debt which it owes to Mr J. P. Gilson for just such acts of sympathy and of the scholarship as your obituary truly says marked his life, so intimately identified with the work of the Manuscripts Department of the British Museum. In 1905, at the request of the Dean (Dr Wace) and of the Librarian (Dr Edward Moore) Mr Gilson inspected the Chapter archives here, and after a careful survey issued a valuable report. In accordance with his recommendation the whole collection was thus brought into relation with the catalogue of Mr C. R. Bunce (1806), Canterbury's famous antiquary: the safety of the Chartae Antiquae, nearly 6000 in number, was ensured and at the same time made more accessible for research work. Quite likely Mr Gilson helped us to restore our Doomsday Monachorum, and superintendened the rotographing of the vellum leaves of the Duns Scotus MS. at the request of some Franciscan Fathers.
He was one failing in his courtesy.
The Times, Thursday, June 20, 1929; pg 11; Issue 45234; col C.

Julius married Helina Georgina PEARCE [1190] on 8 Jun 1899. Helina was born in 1869.

241. George Herbert KNOWLES [1195] (Katherine Ansilla QUILTER123, Arabella Maria JULIUS78, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 2 May 1860 in Boston LIN and died on 20 Jul 1888 at age 28.

General Notes:
George Herbert. Knowles - Entered sizar at TRINITY, Michs. Oct. 5, 1883. S. of John Mason, of 73, Merton Road, Wimbledon, Surrey. B. 1860, at Boston, Lincs. School, Boston Grammar. Matric. Michs. 1883; B.A. 1886. Brother of Cameron Q. (1881).
Cambridge University Alumni, 1261-1900

George Julius puts George's birth at 1861

242. Rev Cameron Quilter KNOWLES [1196] (Katherine Ansilla QUILTER123, Arabella Maria JULIUS78, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 8 Jul 1861 in Boston LIN.

General Notes:
Cameron Quilter Knowles - Entered: sizar at TRINITY, Michs. Oct. 8, 1881. born 1862 S. of John Mason, of Skirbeck Road, Boston, Lincs. B. there 1862. School, Boston Grammar. Matric. Michs. 1881; B.A. 1884; M.A. 1900. Ord. deacon (London) 1887; priest, 1888; C. of Hampton, Middlesex, 1887-92. C. of St Augustine's, Edgbaston, Birmingham, 1892-3. R. of Melton Constable with Burgh Parva, and V. of Briston, Norfolk, 1893-1906. C. of Milverton, Somerset, 1906-18. C. of St James's, Pokesdown with St Andrew's, Boscombe, Hants., 1918-24. Resided subsequently at Bournemouth, and disappears from Crockford, 1939. Brother of George H. (1883).
Cambridge University Alumni, 1261-1900

Julius Jottings No 5 Jun 1901
The C. Q. Knowles is recorded as a subscriber.

Cameron married Alice WIX [10893].

Children from this marriage were:

+ 461 M    i. Richard KNOWLES [10896] .

+ 462 M    ii. Brian KNOWLES [10897] .

243. Rev Maurice Mason KNOWLES [1197] (Katherine Ansilla QUILTER123, Arabella Maria JULIUS78, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born in May 1864.

Maurice married Maud SELL [10894].

The child from this marriage was:

+ 463 F    i. Helen KNOWLES [10895] .

244. Archdale Vere QUILTER [1201] (Rev Dr Frederick William QUILTER DD125, Arabella Maria JULIUS78, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 21 Sep 1857 in Hobart Tasmania, was baptised on 4 Oct 1857, and died on 31 Jan 1937 in Los Angeles CA USA at age 79.

General Notes:
Archdale in the 1881 census living in Catwick YKS unmarried, head of house aged 23 farmer of 177 acres employing 5 men.

Archdale in the 1891 census living at Bilton YKS with his uncle Henry Quilter, married aged 33 a hay & straw dealer

Archdale lived in California, in 1936 aged 77 years he applied for naturalisation having lived in the United States since 1895

Archdale married Sarah Ann HODGE [10898] on 16 Oct 1882 in St Ives Cornwall, UK. Sarah was born on 26 Mar 1860 in Cornwall, UK and died on 4 Feb 1937 in Los Angeles CA USA at age 76.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 464 F    i. Maria Vera QUILTER [10986] was born on 1 Jun 1884 in Catwick YKS and died on 4 Jul 1947 in Los Angeles CA USA at age 63.

Archdale next married Sarah A [10985]. Sarah was born about 1861 in St Ives Cornwall.

245. Frances Julius QUILTER [1204] (Rev Dr Frederick William QUILTER DD125, Arabella Maria JULIUS78, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 18 Dec 1859 in Hobart Tasmania and died on 9 Dec 1860 in Launceston Tasmania. The cause of her death was diarrhoea.

246. George Julius QUILTER [1205] (Rev Dr Frederick William QUILTER DD125, Arabella Maria JULIUS78, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 28 Sep 1861 in Launceston Tasmania and died in 1898 in Africa at age 37.

General Notes:
George went Launceston Grammar School.

In the 1881 census for England George is recorded as boarding at a home in Lincoln unmarried aged 19 an engineers apprentice born in Tasmania.

Other Records

1. Census: England, 2 Apr 1871, Old Vicarage Leyton ESS. George is recorded as a son aged 9 a scholar born Launceston Tasmania.

247. Frederic Rowland Russell QUILTER [1206] (Rev Dr Frederick William QUILTER DD125, Arabella Maria JULIUS78, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 3 Aug 1863 in Launceston Tasmania and died on 28 Aug 1938 in Winchester HAM at age 75.

General Notes:
Birth Day:3 May 1863
Father's name:W F
Publication Date:22 May 1863

Frederick was a Civil Engineer.

Quilter Frederick Russell of The Ramblers Spring Vale Road Hookpitt Winchester died 28 Aug 1938 at 1 St Paul's Hill Winchester. Probate Winchester 11 October 1938 to Doris Russell Back (wife of Gilbert Albert Back) Effects L699 12s 0d
National Probate Calendar

Other Records

1. Census: England, 2 Apr 1871, Old Vicarage Leyton ESS. Frederick is recorded as a son aged 7 a scholar born Launceston Tasmania.

2. Census: England, 3 Apr 1881, 55 London Rd Worcester WOR. Frederick is recorded as a son unmarried aged 17 a scholar born Tasmania AU

Frederic married Edith Sophia DESPARD [1207], daughter of Capt F W DESPARD [10899] and Harriet NIXON [10991], 2 Qtr 1898 in Reg Barton Regis GLS. Edith was born on 10 May 1864 in Morven Tasmania Aust. and died on 19 Apr 1940 in Winchester HAM at age 75.

General Notes:
Quilter Edith Sophia of The Ramblers Spring Vale Road Hookpitt Winchester widow died 19 April 1940 at Mayfield Nursing Home Winchester. Probate Winchester 17 May 1940 to Doris Russell Back (wife of Gilbert Albert Back) Effects L1205 7s 7d
National Probate Calendar

The child from this marriage was:

+ 465 F    i. Doris Russell QUILTER [1208] was born in 1900 in Battersea London SRY, was baptised on 7 Feb 1900 in Kempsey WOR, and died in Sep 1981 in Reg Exeter DEV at age 81.

248. QUILTER [10900] (Rev Dr Frederick William QUILTER DD125, Arabella Maria JULIUS78, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 8 Jul 1865 and died on 8 Jul 1865.

249. Rev Rowland Palmer QUILTER [1209] (Rev Dr Frederick William QUILTER DD125, Arabella Maria JULIUS78, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 28 Aug 1866 in Tasmania Aust. and died on 2 Apr 1930 in Portree Isle of Skye SCT at age 63.

General Notes:
John passed BA London University in 1890, and was then ordained. Curate of St James, Dudley for 2 years from 1890, August 1892 joined his father at Kempsey as the curate of St Mary's church. Three years later, in September 1895, Rowland resigned, according to the Kempsey Collection, due to his rheumatism being aggravated by the climate. He left within a few weeks to be a curate in Baldersley, Yorkshire, after 4 years in Baldersby, he went to West Heslerton, Yorkshire, where he was vicar from 1899 -1903. Then chaplain St Anne's Convalescent Home in Bridlington, Yorkshire until 1906. Chaplain to The House of Mercy in Cleaves until 1912.
John Hill quotes his father: "Alas, on one occasion for some reason, I was sent for a fortnight to my uncle Rowley, who was a priest, and who, at that time was 'in retreat' at some religious college. The experience of spending two weeks with some forty priests in austere and hushed surroundings was hardly elating. I played endless games of chess, and spent as much time as possible going for bicycle rides away from those contemplative and mournful beings."
In 1922 Rowland became Rector of St Colomba's church at Portree on the Isle of Skye, where he remained until he died in 1930.
A History of St Colombo's Church Portree by Lucy S. Taylor MA. says of Rowland Quilter: "He was generous and he was loved. Early in his term of office he paid L40 himself towards repairs to the church
Paper work was increasing for the Rector, and some of it was baffling in being inappropriate to the local circumstances. But the Revd R. Quilter steered a calm and sensible way through it. Answering a complaint that he had not sent an "auditor's doquet (sic)" with his financial return, the kind of man who, for example, never charged up his postages, could only reply: I do not think it worthwhile having the church A/c audited. I let all see a balance sheet and the vouchers are open for inspection. Any auditor would require an explanation of the System of Grants, and I could not make clear to another what is not clear to myself.The Returns seemed to increase with a duplication of questions and answers.
He completed one Quinquennial Report thus:
Capital Funds :None
Site freehold or lease:Don't know
Transfer deed:Don't know
Building stone and slated:Yes
Any debt on building:No
Insurance:L3,070 with North British Mercantile Insurance Co.
Feu duty:No
Person responsible for repairs: Don't know
Special fund for repairs:No
Burdens on land:No
In good order and repair: The parsonage lets in rain like most houses
in Skye.
This was signed by R.P. Quilter on January 10th 1930.
The booklet states: "He died in office and a Requiem was held for him by Bishop Mackenzie, which was very well attended, on April 4th 1930."

Quilter the reverent Rowland Palmer of The Rectory Portree Isle of Skye died 2 April 1930. Confirmation of Hugh Henry Quilter schools inspector. Sealed London 4 June 1930.
National Probate Calendar.

Other Records

1. Census: England, 2 Apr 1871, Old Vicarage Leyton ESS. Rowland is recorded as a son aged 4 a scholar born Launceston Tasmania.

2. Census: England, 3 Apr 1881, 55 London Rd Worcester WOR. Roland is recorded as a son aged 15 a scholar born Tasmania.

3. Census: England, 5 Apr 1891, Dudley WOR. Roland is recorded as a lodger single aged 24 Curate of St James dudley born Hobart Tasmania

4. Census: England, 31 Mar 1901, West Heslerton YKS. Roland is recorded as head of house unmarried aged 34 clergyman born Tasmania

250. Herbert Rumball QUILTER [1210] (Rev Dr Frederick William QUILTER DD125, Arabella Maria JULIUS78, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 20 Apr 1868 in Wycombe BKM and died on 20 Aug 1868 in Wycombe BKM.

General Notes:
Herbert was a twin.

George Julius Tree puts their birth at 1871

251. Charles Parry QUILTER [1211] (Rev Dr Frederick William QUILTER DD125, Arabella Maria JULIUS78, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 20 Apr 1868 in Wycombe BKM and died on 20 Jul 1868 in Wycombe BKM.

General Notes:
Charles was a twin.

George Julius Tree puts their birth at 1871

252. Cyril Nixon QUILTER [1213] (Rev Dr Frederick William QUILTER DD125, Arabella Maria JULIUS78, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 21 Feb 1870 in Leyton ESS and died on 12 Oct 1881 at age 11.

General Notes:
George Julius Tree puts the birth at 1872

Other Records

1. Census: England, 2 Apr 1871, Old Vicarage Leyton ESS. Cyril is recorded as a son aged 1 born Leyton Essex

2. Census: England, 3 Apr 1881, 55 London Rd Worcester WOR. Cyril is recorded as Cecil a son aged 11 a scholar born Leyton ESS

253. Hugh Henry QUILTER [1212] (Rev Dr Frederick William QUILTER DD125, Arabella Maria JULIUS78, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 2 Nov 1871 in Leyton ESS, was baptised on 30 Nov 1871 in Leyton ESS, and died on 4 Mar 1948 in Grantham LIN at age 76.

General Notes:
Hertford Coll., Oxford; H.M. Inspector of schools West Riding Yorshire. Lived 54 Heath Cres., Halifax.

1939 Register
Rose-Dene , Grantham M.B., Lincolnshire (Parts of Kesteven), England.
Hugh KQuilter02 Nov 1871 married H M Inspector Of Schools-Retired.
Rachel H Quilter 16 Nov 1876 married Unpaid Domestic Duties.

Other Records

1. Census: England, 3 Apr 1881, 55 London Rd Worcester WOR. Hugh is recorded as a son aged 10 a scholar born Leyton ESS

Hugh married Rachel Heaton HEAP [10901], daughter of Anne [23526], in 1904 in St Pancras Camden Town LON. Rachel was born in 1876 in Sale Cheshire and died on 11 Aug 1941 in Grantham LIN at age 65.

General Notes:
Quilter Rachel Heaton of Worcester Dysart Road Grantham Lincolnshire (wife of Hugh Henry Quilter) died 11 August 1941. Probate Lincoln 17 October 1941 to the said Hugh Henry Quilter retired school inspector. Effects L1745 3s 9d
National Probate Calendar

The child from this marriage was:

+ 466 F    i. Ruth Heap QUILTER [10902] was born on 26 May 1907 in St Pancras Camden Town LON and died in Mar 1983 in Lincoln LIN at age 75.

254. Mary Agnes QUILTER [1220] (Rev Dr Frederick William QUILTER DD125, Arabella Maria JULIUS78, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 17 Apr 1873 in Leyton SSX, died on 30 Jan 1947 in Crowborough, SSX at age 73, and was buried in St John Crowborough, SSX.

General Notes:
Mary Quilter was a very petite woman standing just 5'2", and in her youth she was supposed to have had a 19" waist although this may have been constricted by the corsets of that era. She had auburn hair, which she inherited from her father.

It is apparent from her husbands career, that she had a very interesting and elegant life, with responsibility for large households.

Retiring to "Ghyllmead" she and Will had a large garden to maintain, and they both pitched into this with great enthusiasm.They produced a lovely picture. Mary often went for 5 or 6 mile walks. Towards the end of the war, Mary's memory began to fade, and later it went altogether. Will got a couple to live-in as housekeeper and gardener, and they helped a lot.
Will was very attentive towards Mary during her final years.

Hill. On January 30, 1947, Mary Agnes, daughter of the late Rev F W Quilter, DD, and wife of W H Hill, Ghyllmead, Crowborough, formerly Judge of Cairo Native Court of Appeal. (3 February 1947).

Hill Mary Agnes of Ghyllmead Crowborough Sussex (wife of William Henry Hill) died 30 January 1947 at Hellingly Sussex. Probate London 29 April 1947 to the said William Henry Hill retired Court of Appeal judge. Effects L2903 0s 5d
National Probate Calendar.

Research Notes:
Note the previous image circulating on the net of Mary Ann Quilter (Hill) is incorrect, it is of Mary Ryder nee Hill born abt 1817 in Devon married Joseph Ryder Windsor 1838 emigrated to South Australia died 1879 Sth Australia. Image from South Australia State Library.

Other Records

1. Census: England, 3 Apr 1881, 55 London Rd Worcester WOR. Mary is recorded as a daughter aged 8 a scholar born Leyton ESS

Mary married William Henry HILL [1221], son of Henry HILL [10996] and Ellen BALL [10997], on 19 Aug 1902 in Kempsey WOR. Will was born on 31 Jan 1872 in Swindon WIL, died on 16 Jan 1957 in Crowborough, SSX at age 84, and was buried in St John Crowborough, SSX. He was usually called Will.

General Notes:
William was educated at Kings School Worcester, Lincoln Coll., Oxford, & Sorbonne, Paris; MA & Licencie en droit; Lecturer Khedivial School of Law, Cairo - Director 1907-12; Chief Inspector later Judge, Native Tribunals Cairo 1912-17; Judge Court of Appeal, Cairo 1917-25; Lecturer of Mohammedan & Turkish Law, University of London 1928; On Anglo-Turkish Arbitral Tribunal, Constantinople 1928-32; Retired "Ghyllmead" Crowborough.

William or Will as he was called had a most successful education and professional career. He won scholarships to Kings School and Lincoln College, where he gained a First Class Honours in "Mods", and 2nd Class Honours in "Greats".
The Rector at Lincoln at that time was a Dr Munro, a famous classical scholar, he was Will's tutor. A deep personal friendship was formed between the two, Dr Munro was later Godfather to Wills son John Frederick.

Will met his future wife at Lincoln, her father was himself a graduate from the College. Will was a very good oar, he rowed for his College, and was given a trial for the University eight, at bow at 11st. 8lbs.

Will was attracted to a career in Egypt where the law was an opening, however this required a degree in French in the Code Napoleon the legal system of Egypt. Taking up the challenge he enrolled at the Sorbonne completing this law degree in 3 years, and becoming Licencie en droit. He is said to have loved his experience of Paris and the French, he stayed on the Rive Gauche (The Left Bank).
Will then found a position with the Egyptian Government as a lecturer at the Khedivial School of Law part of the El Ahzar University in Cairo. He married Mary, and they embarked for a new life in a foreign country, where they could expect to live at a much higher standard than in class conscious Great Britain.
Will mastered Arabic, and in 1907, aged 35, was appointed Director of the Khedivial School of Law, a great recognition of his ability. They were then living in a magnificent house overlooking Abdin Square, Cairo, adjacent to the Khedive's Palace.
In 1912 he was offered and accepted a judgeship. Then followed a distinguished progression to a seat on the Court of Appeal.
In 1912 the family moved to Gezira, an island in the Nile which was cooler and greener than the city. It was a very desirable location, including the Gezira Sporting Club, an exclusive facility primarily for expatriates. Social life was very formal. Will is remembered as a good tennis and bridge player.

At the outbreak of WWI Egypt was made a Protectorate of Gt Britain and went onto a war footing. Will at 42 was to old for active service, but was joined to the Army as Judge Advocate with the rank of Colonel. He was involved in Allenby's campaign in Palestine and met T E Lawrence.

After the war and the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, Gt Britain's role in Egypt was in question and nationalistic groups demanded independance for Egypt. Civil order rapidly broke down and atrocities occurred, the courts came to a halt as the Bar withdrew their labour.

Will wrote about the problems - "My colleagues, the Egyptian judges, were desperately anxious for their skins, I told them there was no cause for alarm. If only they would avoid me they would be perfectly safe, advice they were glad to accept. On the morning of the 17th we paid our usual visit to the Mudirie (Town Hall) where I met Col. Whittingham Director General of Prisons, who was on his return from a tour of inspection further south. He was on the Government steamer, 'Sentinel', and he agreed to take us to Cairo. When we stopped at Roda a hostile crowd tried to rush the boat, but the Captain cast off quickly and left the rabble throwing stones at us. Meanwhile, the train from the south had been stopped, and two British officers, two N.C.O,s, two Australian soldiers, and an inspector of prisons were savagely murdered, their corpses were stripped, and they were put in the luggage van. The 'Sentinel "arrived at a place called Minia, and here we learned of a small group of Europeans huddled in one house there. We had to offer our support, and in reaching the house, we then found that we had been cut off from the boat. Fortunately there was a sufficient supply of shotguns and ammunition available, so we formed a garrison which consisted of 7 men, 5 women, and 2 children.But no attack came and later that day a relief force of two Egyptian infantry companies and 25 cavalrymen arrived.However, these troops were of doubtful quality, and even the commander himself believed he could rely only on the cavalry. We began to wonder if the arrival of this contingent had improved or worsened our position. Despite a lot of noise and general disturbance, the angry crowds did not launch an attack and the next day a relief force under the command of General Huddlestone arrived by river boats and got us back safely to the capital".

Egypt obtained full independence in 1922, standards in the civil service continued to deteriorate, until Will observed his Egyptian colleagues lapsing into expedient judgments. Declaring in 1925 that when corruption reaches the High Court it is time to pack one's bags and leave, he returned to England.

In England they bought a charming house called "Ghyllmead", in Ghyll Road, Crowborougb, Sussex. It consisted of two old cottages knocked into one. There were nearly two acres of garden and woodland attached to the property, which was bordered by a small stream. Will, with his great love for tennis, had a grass court built at the back of the house, and he continued playing the game until he reached 70.
A job as lecturer in Turkish and Mohammedan law at London University, was tedious and unrewarding, as was the commute to London.In 1928 he was invited to sit on the Anglo-Turkish Tribunal deciding on inter-government and war claims, it sat in Istanbul and the family moved. The work and life there proved very agreeable. In 1932 he agreed to sit, in Greece, on a complex arbitration between the Greek Govt., and the Lake Copais Co., a British company. This proved another pleasant assignment, but now over 60 he declined an offer of a post in Morocco and the family returned to "Ghyllmead" their home in Ghyll Road, Crowborough. Ghyllmead was a beautiful property with a lawn tennis court and a wide stretch of garden with a stream below the property. The stream bordered on the Ashdown Forest .
They settled to village life and their interests, tennis, reading, walking etc. Will took a great interest in the local cottage hospital, of which he was chairman for many years. After Mary's death Will increasingly found "Ghyllmead" a burden, he moved to a country house hotel for his final years.

JFR Hill said of his father: He was a serious minded man, and l doubt that he was ever frivolous - gay yes, and with a deep sense of humour, but he was far removed from any abandon. I think his two outstanding attributes were his fine intellect and his complete integrity. He had a penetrating mind, reinforced by a good memory, and these stood him in good stead on the Bench. He was not only a fine classical scholar, but he was something of a linguist as well, being fluent in both French and Arabic. His ethical and moral standards were so typical of that era very disciplined, and he had a loathing for cheating no matter how minor. He was conservative, both with a big 'C' and a small one. He found it difficult to accept the changing moral values and standards of social behaviour of the war (WWII) and the immediate post-war period."

His grandson John remembers a serious fault and weakness in his driving: He drove with such a ferocity and determination, and with a complete disregard for any other objects living or dead that people were known to scatter when he roared into the village centre.l clearly remember myself the "charge to church" on Sundays. I did more praying for mercy in the car than l ever did in the church. I remember wondering if he thought the centre white lines on the road were there to aim the middle of the car at. Fortunately, in this era of the late 1940s, few people had cars, and petrol rationing curtailed the use of vehicles, so there was not too much opposition on the roads when he was about. However, it was bad control of his car that brought his driving days to an end, One day he knocked a lady off her bicycle. Fortunately she was not injured and the bicycle was only slightly damaged. Will and the lady sorted the matter out between themselves, but someone who had seen the incident reported the matter to the police, and poor old Will, who had been serving the cause of justice all his life, ended up on the wrong side of the fence. He was deeply troubled by the affair, and having pleaded guilty to careless driving and paid a small fine he gave up driving for good.

Mr W H Hill
Judicial Service In Egypt.
Mr William Henry Hill, formerly Judge of the Native Court of Appeal in Cairo, died yesterday at Crowborough. He was 84.
He was the son of Henry Hill, of Swindon, was educated at the King's School, Worcester and Lincoln College, Oxford. He went out to Egypt as a young man and was employed in Cairo in the educational service for a time. Subsequently he became a lecturer at the Khedivial School of Law and in 1907 was appointed Director of the School. Five years later he became Chief Inspector of Native Tribunals. From 1914 to 1917 he was Judge of the Mixed Tribunal First Instance, in Cairo. This appointment he vacated on being made Judge of the Native Court of Appeal in 1917. In 1928 Hill was chosen as Lecturer on Mohammedan and Turkish Law at University College London University, and in the same year he was appointed British Judge at the Anglo Turkish Arbitral Tribunal at Constantinople. This post he held until 1932.
He married Mary Agnes, daughter of the Rev F. W. Quilter, D.D. there was a son and a daughter of the marriage.
Ref: The Times 18 Jan 1957.

Hill William Henry of Country House Hotel Crowborough Sussex died 16 January 1957 at The War Memorial Hospital Crowborough. Probate London 26 March 1957 to Lesley William Watts Marriott retired lieutenant colonel HM army and James Herbert Harris solicitor. Effects L21116 6s 2d
National Probate Calendar.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 467 M    i. John Frederick Rowland HILL C.M.G. [8327] was born in 1905 in Cairo Egypt, died in 1991 in Perth WA at age 86, and was buried in Guildford Cemetery WA.

+ 468 F    ii. Monica Mary HILL [10932] was born on 11 Feb 1908 in Cairo Egypt and died on 17 Feb 1988 in Eastbourne SSX at age 80.

255. Walter Vernet QUILTER [1214] (Rev Dr Frederick William QUILTER DD125, Arabella Maria JULIUS78, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 26 Jul 1874 in Geneva Switzland (Brit. Sub) and died on 25 Apr 1948 in Guernsey Channel Is. at age 73.

General Notes:
Walter was a batchelor aged 26 an architect residing at Gravesend when he married.

Verne lived on Guernsey and practiced as an architect.

Walter Vernet & Ethel Grace Quilter were deported from Guernsey to Biberach (Oflag 55 VD) Germany by the Germans in Feb 1943. They are also recorded on the same site as "Islanders deported to Germany from the Channel Islands collected by the British Red Cross and C.I.R. Committee from Relatives and Friends of Deported Persons. Source: The Channel Islands Monthly Review, January 1943"

Quilter Walter Vernet, b 1874.
Address: Cairngorm, Doyle Rd.,Guernsey, Channel Islands (1914)
Education: Worcester Cathedral School, University Coll., Bristol, Articled to Sidney Gambier Perry (1859-1948) Assistant to Sir Arthur Blomfield & Sons. Commenced independant practice 1904 in Guernsey. Listed with his work in the Whos Who of architecture 1914. Member of the Society of Architects.
Directory of British Architects 1834-1914

John Hill quotes his father: "My father wrote of his uncle and aunt. They and their daughters, Sylvia and Joyce, lived in a large straggling house on the west coast at Cobo. The house was on a part of a large estate belonging to Lord de Saumarez. It was called Mare de Carteret, and it was surrounded by lovely gardens and woods, and there was a pretty pond there and a canal, and it was paradise for us youngsters. There was a donkey and trap which was often used to get to town, And there were ducks and chickens and pigeons and four friendly goats called, Golden Eyes, Homer, Big Brownie, and Little Brownie. Uncle Vernet was an architect by profession. He had a fine reputation, but he was not a good businessman. Often he would do work for people he knew could ill afford to pay, and he never bothered them about payment. They had a home help named Miss Green who was a pale and timid person. She was retained as a help more or less as an act of charity".

Other Records

1. Census: England, 3 Apr 1881, 55 London Rd Worcester WOR. Walter is recorded as a son aged 6 born Switzerland Brit Sub.

Walter married Ethel Grace Thorp WEST [1215], daughter of Rev G WEST of Horham Hall ESS [2208], on 25 Jul 1901 in St Thomas's Clapham Common LON. Ethel was born circa 1874 in Borrowdale Cumbria and died on 14 Jun 1959 in Guernsey Channel Is. aged about 85.

General Notes:
Ethel was a spinster aged 26 living at 39 Clapham Common when she married.

Julius Jottings January 1902 No 6
QUILTER : WEST-On the 25th July, at S. Thomas' Clapton Common, by the Rev. F. W. Quilter, D.D., assisted by th Rev. W. E. Jackson, and the Rev. R. P. Quilter, WALTER VERNE QUILTER, youngest son of the Rev. F. W. Quilter, D.D., to ETHEL GRACE THORP, youngest daughter of the late Rev. G. West, of Horham Hall, Essex.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 469 F    i. Sylvia Mary QUILTER [1216] was born on 28 Feb 1902 in Guernsey Channel Is. and died in 1965 at age 63.

+ 470 F    ii. Joyce Valentin QUILTER [1218] was born on 14 Feb 1910.

256. Ethel Kate JULIUS [789] (Reginald133, George Charles M.D. (Dr)80, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 18 Feb 1866 in Oamaru Otago New Zealand and died on 2 Sep 1939 in Guildford SRY at age 73.

General Notes:
At Oamaru, at the residence of E. Gibson, Esq., on the 18th instant, Mrs Reginald Julius, of a daughter.
North Otago Times Vol 5 Issue 105 22 Feb 1866 Pg 2.

At the residence of E. Gibson, Esq., Oamaru, on the 18th ultimo, Mrs Reginald Julius, of a daughter.
North Otago Times Vol 6 Issue 106 1st March 1866 Pg2
North Otago Times, Volume VI, Issue 108, 15 March 1866, Page 2

Julius Jottings October 1900 No 3.
Miss E. K. Julius with her niece, Miss Brewin, and two friends had a very enjoyable tour to Rome, Naples, Florence and Venice, etc., this spring.

Ethel went to school in Farnham.

Miss E K Julius sailed on the 23 Nov 1911 on the Thermistocles to Cape Town S.A.

Miss E K Julius aged 68 of Uplands Guildford on the 4 Dec 1934 sailed on the Winchester Castle from Southampton to Madeira.

Julius Miss E K Rockhill Sydney rd Guildford 1559
Ancestry: Essex Oxford Guildford etc Phone Book 1928

Julius Miss E K Uplands Portsmouth rd Guildford 1559
Ancestry: Essex Oxford Guildford etc Phone Book 1932/33/34/35/36/37/38/39

Ethel did not marry.

Julius Ethel Kate of Uplands Portsmouth Road Guildford spinster died 2 September 1939 Probate London 25 November to Alfred Julius Stephens and John Osmond Julius Stephens solicitors. Effects L9994 17s 11d
Ref: National Probate Calendars.

Other Records

1. Census: England, 5 Apr 1891, Claremont House Frensham Churt. Ethel is recorded as a daughter aged 25 single born Otago New Zealand

2. Census: England, 30 Mar 1901, Claremont House Frensham Churt. Ethel is recorded as a daughter aged 34 single born New Zealand (British Subject)

3. Census: England, 2 Apr 1911, Claremont House Tilford SRY. Ethel is recorded as head of a house of 11 rooms single aged 44 living on private means born Otago NZ. There are 3 servants in the house.

257. Dr Herbert Amelius JULIUS [790] (Reginald133, George Charles M.D. (Dr)80, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 4 Jul 1868 in Oamaru New Zealand and died on 13 May 1940 in Yorkshire. at age 71.

General Notes:
On the 4th July at Oamaru, the wife of Reginald Julius Esq a son
North Otago Times Vol X Issue 2367th July 1868 Pg 2.

On the 4th July at Oamaru, the wife of Reginald Julius Esq Waitaki a son
Otago Witness Issue 868 18th July 1868 Pg 11.

Medical Register 1913.
Julius Herbert Amelius; Royal Navy; Registered - 18 Apr 1895 England; Qualifications - Lic. Soc. Apoth. Lon. 1894.
Ref: findmypast 2011.

Herbert was noted by Sir George Julius, as head of the Julius family in 1939, a surgeon in the Royal Navy he retired to Robin Hoods Bay, Yorkshire Eng.

Julius H A Tilford Robin Hoods Bay 60
Ancestry: Lincoln Hull Leeds etc Phone Book 1937/39/41

His address Jan 1900 was HMS "Sphinx" Persian Gulf, East Indies Station.
Julius Jottings. No 2.

Julius Herbert Amelius of Tilford Robin Hoods Bay Yorkshire died 13 May 1940 Probate York 23 July 1940 two Martha Storm Julius widow. Effects L927 8s 9d
Ref: National Probate Calendars.

Medical Notes: Bertie who became deaf early in life, was invalided out of the Navy after he contracted an illness (beri beri) in the Persian Gulf.

Other Records

1. Census: England, 5 Apr 1891, Lambeth London. Herbert is described as head of house aged 22 single medical student born Otago New Zealand

2. Census: England, 30 Mar 1901, Claremont House Frensham Churt. Herbert is recorded as a son aged 32 single surgeon R.N. born New Zealand (British Subject)

3. Census: England, 2 Apr 1911, Mt Pleasant Robin Hoods Bay YKS. Herbert is recorded as head of a house of 8 rooms aged 42 married a surgeon in Royal Navy born Otago NZ The census records that there are 8 rooms in their house

Herbert married Martha S ESTILL [791] Oct Qtr 1910 in Whitby YKS. Martha was born about 1881 in Robin Hoods Bay YKS.

General Notes:
Marriage 1910 Oct Qtr Whitby 9d 1031

Other Records

1. Census: England, 2 Apr 1911, Mt Pleasant Robin Hoods Bay YKS. Martha is recorded as a wife aged 30 born Robin Hoods Bay Yorkshire.

258. Edith Ella Maud JULIUS [792] (Reginald133, George Charles M.D. (Dr)80, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 12 Feb 1870 in Oamaru New Zealand and died on 2 Feb 1950 in Chichester SSX at age 79.

General Notes:
Edith went to school in Farnham, she was fond of yachting.

Other Records

1. Census: England, 5 Apr 1891, Claremont House Frensham Churt. Edith is recorded as a daughter aged 21 single born New Zealand

2. Census: England, 30 Mar 1901, Claremont House Frensham Churt. Edith is recorded as a daughter aged 30 single born New Zealand (British Subject)

Edith married Oliver Kinnaird YORK [793], son of Henry Kinnaird YORK [1492] and Mary Atherstone BIRD [14234], on 1 Jan 1903 in Durban Natal South Africa. Oliver was born on 22 Sep 1873 in Allahabad Uttar Pradesh India and died on 24 Feb 1942 in Chichester SSX at age 68. Another name for Oliver was Kinnear.

General Notes:
Oliver was Superintendant of Engineering Works Natal. Served in the Imperial Yeomanry South African war, he travelled to Canada, 6 Sep 1912 arriving at Quebec enroute for Victoria B.C.

On the 17th Nov 1914 when resident in Victoria British Columbia CAN, he enlisted for WWI listing his wife as Next of Kin at the address of his mother Mrs Michell in England. He arrived back in Liverpool England 24 Jan 1915

Attestation Paper.
Canadian Over-Seas Expeditionary Force.
Name: Oliver Kinnear York
Birthplace: Alabad India
Next of Kin: Edith M York (Wife)
Wifes Address: C/o Mrs Mitchell 16 Caufield Gdns London.
Birth: 23 Sep 1873
Trade or Calling: Esquire
Do you now belong to an active Militia: Yes
Have you served in Military: Yes Imperial LH
Do you understand the nature & terms of your engagement: Yes
Are you willing to serve with the Canadian Expeditionary Force: Yes
Signed: 16 November 1914, with Oath of Allegiance, Certified in Victoria 16 Nov 1914.

Oliver retired to the Isle of Wight.

259. Aylmer Edric VIVIAN [1327] (Ethel JULIUS134, George Charles M.D. (Dr)80, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born in Feb 1863 in Ireland and died in Oct 1924 in Cuba at age 61.

General Notes:
Aylmer was in 1907 an army contractor in Cuba.

260. Ethel Maud VIVIAN [1328] (Ethel JULIUS134, George Charles M.D. (Dr)80, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born in 1864 in Cornwall, UK.

Ethel married Cecil VIVIAN R N [1329], son of Charles VIVIAN [11083] and Alice HUDSPETH [11084], in Dec 1889 in South Stoneham HAM. Cecil died in 1896.

General Notes:
Cecil and Ethel were first cousins.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 471 M    i. Eric Aylmer VIVIAN [1330] was born on 20 Aug 1890 in South Stoneham HAM and died on 21 Aug 1914 at Sea at age 24.

+ 472 F    ii. Kathleen Beryl VIVIAN [1331] was born on 20 Aug 1890 in South Stoneham HAM and died in Mar 1956 at age 65.

+ 473 M    iii. Cecil Ralphe Ennis VIVIAN [1332] was born in Dec 1895 in Portsea Is. HAM.

261. Ella Violet Blanch VIVIAN [1335] (Ethel JULIUS134, George Charles M.D. (Dr)80, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born in 1865 and died in 1933 at age 68.

262. Herbert Augustus VIVIAN [1336] (Ethel JULIUS134, George Charles M.D. (Dr)80, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born in 1866 in Ireland and died on 1 Nov 1924 in Orlando Florida USA at age 58.

General Notes:
Herbert was living in Florida in 1908, growing oranges.

Herbert married Marguerite HARDEN [1337], daughter of Archibald HARDEN [11067] and Margaret JONES [11068], on 17 Sep 1891. Marguerite was born in 1869 in Tanderagee, Co Armagh, Ireland and died in 1920 in Florida USA at age 51.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 474 M    i. Cyril Aylmer VIVIAN [1338] was born in 1893 in Miami Dade Florida USA and died in 1944 in Miami Florida USA at age 51.

+ 475 M    ii. Herbert Archibald Aylmer VIVIAN [1339] was born on 28 Oct 1893 in Miami Dade Florida USA and died in Dec 1976 in Pennsylvania USA at age 83.

+ 476 F    iii. Eileen Violet Beatrice VIVIAN [1340] was born on 3 Jul 1900 in Miami Dade Florida USA.

263. Radulfe Robert Lennox LAMBARD [1323] (Ethel JULIUS134, George Charles M.D. (Dr)80, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born in 1874.

264. Ethel Grace Madeline LAMBARD [1324] (Ethel JULIUS134, George Charles M.D. (Dr)80, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born in 1876.

Ethel married Hugh NICHOLSON R N [1325] in 1904.

General Notes:
In 1931 Hugh was a Director of Hadfields Steel Works of Sheffield.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 477 F    i. Rosemary NICHOLSON [1326] .

265. Frederick William BATEMAN [560] (Annie Ellen JULIUS137, Frederick Gilder MD FRCS (Dr)82, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 20 Mar 1864, was baptised on 23 Apr 1864 in Richmond SRY, and died in 1912 in Scotland at age 48.

General Notes:
Frederick was sent to N Z for his health about 1884.

Other Records

1. Census: England, 2 Apr 1871, Rothsay House Richmond. Frederick is described as a son aged 7 a scholar born Richmond

266. Ellen Annie BATEMAN [561] (Annie Ellen JULIUS137, Frederick Gilder MD FRCS (Dr)82, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 8 Mar 1865 and died on 8 Sep 1865.

General Notes:
Ellen was unmarried.

267. Lucie BATEMAN [562] (Annie Ellen JULIUS137, Frederick Gilder MD FRCS (Dr)82, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 22 Jun 1866 and died in 1950 at age 84.

General Notes:
Lucy came to Nancy Fenn's wedding, she was a wonderful pianist but never married.

Julius Jottings. January 1900.
Reports "A most successful concert was given in Richmond on October 12th by the Misses Bateman in aid of distress in South London. There was a crowded audience, and many were refused tickets for want of space. Everyone who had ever heard the excellent trios played by the sisters being anxious to do so again. Lucie played two piano solos by Schubert, for which she was twice recalled, but was unable to give an encore owing to her very hard evening's work - taking part in all 17 items. Laura was much appreciated on the cello is specially in D Popper's, Chanson Villageoise, and Ida on the violin. Schumann's quintet was a real treat to the thoroughly appreciative audience. We believe about L60 was raised.

1939 Register
30 Sheen Road , Richmond M.B., Surrey, England
Lucie Bateman 22 Jun 1866 single Private Means

30 Sheen Road
April 21st 1942
My dear Van
Many thanks for your letter I also should have been very glad if you could have been with us, I told Charlie that I knew it was impossible for you to come all that way and travel being so difficult. I was so glad that the new Vicar of Holy Trinity was able to visit Aunt Ada so often. I called and asked him if he would. The last Vicar neglected her, but he was rather ill and poorly, and too old for that big parish the new Vicar took the service, he is young vigourous and is doing good work in the parish. Aunt Ada liked him very much - Pearl came up from Devonshire and stayed in London and asked me to carry on - I could not get in touch with Dudley, who has now left the . . . . . and is having a rest by Dr's orders - I heard from him this morning and he is coming one afternoon this next week to see me, for which I am very glad, as far as the business is concerned nothing could be done - I am so glad that everything was done as Auntie wished. I telephoned to Saunders to come and see me, as it was necessary for the Coffin to be closed and I suggested to Mrs Ganter that she should be brought to our house, as I did with . . . . . it was right either for her or her people in the house this distressed her and she said why not let Mrs Hunt be taken to the "Chapel of Rest" this I agreed to it is quite beautiful. Three small chapels and one bigger one and there she was laid to rest until the funeral - no flowers, as Auntie did not want any - only one carriage Pearl Laura and I Mrs Ganter and nanny, it was all quietly and beautifully done - she could not be laid with Uncle Henry, as George was just there, but Pearls brother bought a plot of ground the other side of the pathway to hold three and there we left the dear thing, a beautiful sunny day, close to her own dear ones, and not far from her Father and Mother and three sisters. Will you tell me if you have had books from A A I heard that there were some with your name, not one could I find and she had very few - then we have got a case of Shakespeare's plays nice little books very, but in a rather shabby case - Nanny said that Mrs Hunt said they were to go to Edgar, now Nanny imagines things a bit, so I phoned to Charlie about it, he seemed to think he would not care to have them as he had only a bed sitting room, I thought perhaps it was you who ought to have them if you felt like it, some time perhaps you will let me know, and I will send them. We are a very sick household Docy has always been delicate and now lives quite an invalid's life - and last August Jesse was taken very ill, she is better now but she is mostly in her room. I am longing for real summer weather, for it will do them good - I did laugh when I read the address, in one of your brain cells you had packed away the name of Dr Jardine who must have lived here when you were in Richmond. We are not so grand only plain 30 Sheen Road
So goodbye and thank you for your letter
With my love
Yours affectionately
Lucie Bateman
This letter concerns the death of Ada Hunt nee Julius. Written on four sides of two sheets of notepaper the back page had been dated by someone else and Lucie wrote "please forgive this, it was a shock when I turned over the leaf" also a note on the front page "n.b. Mrs Ganter was aunt Ade's landlady EVF"

In a letter dated July 1945 written to Harry Fenn in NZ by his brother Charlie reports, that Charlie met Lucie at a function in Richmond and "she does not look a day older than 65 and yet she will be 80 next year"

Other Records

1. Census: England, 2 Apr 1871, Rothsay House Richmond. Lucie is described as a daughter aged 4 a scholar born Richmond

2. Census: England, 3 Apr 1881, Rothsay House Richmond. Lucie is described as a daughter aged 14 a scholar born Richmond

3. Census: England, 5 Apr 1891, Rothsay Lodge Richmond. Lucie is described as a daughter aged 24 born Richmond

4. Census: England, 31 Mar 1901, Bridge House Richmond SRY. Lucie is described as a daughter aged 34 single born Richmond

268. Jessie BATEMAN [563] (Annie Ellen JULIUS137, Frederick Gilder MD FRCS (Dr)82, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 23 Dec 1867 in Richmond SRY and died before 1945.

General Notes:
Jessie played the cello.

1939 Register
30 Sheen Road , Richmond M.B., Surrey, England
Jessie Bateman 23 Dec 1867 single Private Means

In a letter dated July 1945 written to Harry Fenn in NZ by his brother Charlie he writes "I dare say you know that Jessie died a few years ago"

She did not marry.

Other Records

1. Census: England, 2 Apr 1871, Rothsay House Richmond. Jessie is described as a daughter aged 3 a scholar born Richmond

2. Census: England, 3 Apr 1881, Rothsay House Richmond. Jessie is described as a daughter aged 13 a scholar born Richmond

3. Census: England, 5 Apr 1891, Rothsay Lodge Richmond. Jessie is described as a daughter aged 23 born Richmond

4. Census: England, 31 Mar 1901, Bridge House Richmond SRY. Jessie is described as a daughter aged 33 single born Richmond

269. Laura Annie BATEMAN [564] (Annie Ellen JULIUS137, Frederick Gilder MD FRCS (Dr)82, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 16 Feb 1869 in Richmond SRY and died in 1946 at age 77.

General Notes:
Laura was unmarried.

1939 Register
30 Sheen Road , Richmond M.B., Surrey, England
Laura Bateman 16 Feb 1869 single Private Means

Other Records

1. Census: England, 2 Apr 1871, Rothsay House Richmond. Laura is described as a daughter aged 2 a scholar born Richmond

2. Census: England, 3 Apr 1881, Rothsay House Richmond. Laura is described as a daughter aged 12 a scholar born Richmond

3. Census: England, 5 Apr 1891, Rothsay Lodge Richmond. Laura is described as a daughter aged 22 born Richmond

4. Census: England, 31 Mar 1901, Bridge House Richmond SRY. Laura is described as a daughter aged 32 single born Richmond

270. Charles Julius BATEMAN [565] (Annie Ellen JULIUS137, Frederick Gilder MD FRCS (Dr)82, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 30 Jun 1870 in Richmond SRY.

General Notes:
Charles lived in Toronto, he had two sons.

Other Records

1. Census: England, 2 Apr 1871, Rothsay House Richmond. Charles is described as a son aged 9mths born Richmond

2. Census: England, 3 Apr 1881, Rothsay House Richmond. Charles is described as a son aged 10 a scholar born Richmond

Charles married Elenor Shaw Rose HARDING [572] in 1918 in Canada.

271. Caroline Edward BATEMAN [566] (Annie Ellen JULIUS137, Frederick Gilder MD FRCS (Dr)82, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 29 Oct 1871 in Richmond SRY and died in 1888 at age 17.

General Notes:
Caroline was unmarried.

Other Records

1. Census: England, 3 Apr 1881, Rothsay House Richmond. Caroline is described as a daughter aged 9 a scholar born Richmond

272. Dr Arthur St John (Jack) BATEMAN [567] (Annie Ellen JULIUS137, Frederick Gilder MD FRCS (Dr)82, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 2 Mar 1873 in Richmond SRY.

General Notes:
Jack was said by Charlie Fenn to be a better doctor than scholar, as a youth he invented an alarm to warn of his fathers approach went he was supposedly studying for his exams!.

Other Records

1. Census: England, 3 Apr 1881, Rothsay House Richmond. Arthur is described as a son aged 5 a scholar born Richmond

2. Census: England, 31 Mar 1901, Bridge House Richmond SRY. Arthur is described as a son aged 28 single a surgeon born Richmond

273. Ida Muriel BATEMAN [568] (Annie Ellen JULIUS137, Frederick Gilder MD FRCS (Dr)82, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 1 Nov 1874 in Richmond SRY.

General Notes:
Ida was unmarried.

1939 Register
30 Sheen Road , Richmond M.B., Surrey, England
Ida M Bateman 22 Feb 1877 single Private Means

Other Records

1. Census: England, 3 Apr 1881, Rothsay House Richmond. Ida is described as a daughter aged 6 a scholar born Richmond

2. Census: England, 5 Apr 1891, Rothsay Lodge Richmond. Ida is described as a daughter aged 16 a scholar born Richmond

3. Census: England, 31 Mar 1901, Bridge House Richmond SRY. Ida is recorded as a daughter aged 26 single born Richmond

274. Dorothy Mary BATEMAN [569] (Annie Ellen JULIUS137, Frederick Gilder MD FRCS (Dr)82, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 22 Feb 1877 in Richmond SRY.

General Notes:
In a letter dated July 1945 written to Harry Fenn in NZ by his brother Charlie he says "Dolly B is still in her chronic ill health"

Dorothy did not marry.

Other Records

1. Census: England, 3 Apr 1881, Rothsay House Richmond. Dorothy is described as a daughter aged 4 born Richmond

2. Census: England, 5 Apr 1891, Rothsay Lodge Richmond. Dorothy is described as a daughter aged 14 a scholar born Richmond

3. Census: England, 31 Mar 1901, Bridge House Richmond SRY. Dorothy is described as a daughter aged 24 single born Richmond

275. Margaret Winifred BATEMAN [571] (Annie Ellen JULIUS137, Frederick Gilder MD FRCS (Dr)82, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 11 Jul 1878 in Richmond SRY.

General Notes:
Margaret was unmarried.

1939 Register
30 Sheen Road , Richmond M.B., Surrey, England
Margaret Bateman 11 Jul 1878 single Private Means

Other Records

1. Census: England, 3 Apr 1881, Rothsay House Richmond. Margaret is described as a daughter aged 2 born Richmond

2. Census: England, 5 Apr 1891, Rothsay Lodge Richmond. Winifred is described as a daughter aged 12 a scholar born Richmond

3. Census: England, 31 Mar 1901, Bridge House Richmond SRY. Winifred is described as a daughter aged 22 single born Richmond

276. Guy Vivian BATEMAN [570] (Annie Ellen JULIUS137, Frederick Gilder MD FRCS (Dr)82, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 26 Sep 1882 in Richmond SRY.

General Notes:
Guy lived in Toronto Canada.
He is named Grey in some family records

Other Records

1. Census: England, 5 Apr 1891, Rothsay Lodge Richmond. Guy is described as a son aged 8 a scholar born Richmond

2. Census: England, 31 Mar 1901, Bridge House Richmond SRY. Guy is described as a son aged 18 a student born Richmond

Guy married Alba ANNIE [573] in 1906.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 478 M    i. Cyril St John BATEMAN [574] was born in 1909.

+ 479 F    ii. Winifred Alberta Ellen BATEMAN [575] was born in 1911.

277. Dr Sir George Alfred JULIUS [577] (Churchill D D (Archbishop)139, Frederick Gilder MD FRCS (Dr)82, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 29 Apr 1873 in Bethal St. Norwich NFK, was baptised on 1 Jun 1873 in St Giles Norwich NFK, died on 28 Jun 1946 in "Killara" Sydney Aust. at age 73, and was cremated on 29 Jun 1946 in Northern Suburbs Crematorium Sydney.

General Notes:
George was baptised by his father at St Giles Norwich.

George Alfred Julius aged 11 arrived in Victoria September 1884 with his family aboard the South Australian from Britain.
Ref PROV - Unassisted Immigration to Victoria 1852-1923

Sir George went to Melbourne Grammar School, and was the first Engineering graduate of the University of New Zealand Christchurch, he was a classmate of Lord Rutherford of Nelson the renowned physicist and Nobel prize winner. The Otago Daily Times 19 Jan 1895 reports that on the 7 Jan, George was one of a party of four who climbed Mt Earnslaw, travelling by horse from Kinloch, and taking 19.5 hrs.

Australian Electoral Rolls 1906 Fremantle Adelaide St. George was recorded as a draftsman of Bateman St.

Moving to Western Australia in 1896, he worked for 11 years as an Engineer in the Locomotive Dept of the Western Australia Government Railways. He moved to Sydney in 1907 where he practiced as a Consulting Engineer. In addition Sir George took an active interest in the Engineers Institute, and various Commonwealth scientific organisations.
Sir George like his father before him was an inventor, perhaps his most well known success being the automatic totalisator, which transformed the culture of gambling, now used in most countries where horses race. The first racecourse to accept the automatic totalisator was Ellerslie in Auckland, New Zealand. Among those who came to see the new tote in action for the first time on the 22 March 1913, was the inventors' father, Churchill Julius, His Grace, The Anglican Archbishop and Primate of New Zealand. Some people even said the Archbishop (The Archbishop appears never to have confirmed or denied the suggestion) had invented the tote and that his son was just the front man. Leicester Park Racecourse in Perth [W.A.] installed the first tote in Australia in 1916. Main Sydney racecourses installed them in 1917-18 but Melbourne held out till 1931! The original totalisator idea, called the "Pari Mutuel" was conceived by the Frenchman Oller.

Sir George had a role in the formation of Qantas Empire Airways founded to fly a new route Australia to Singapore, 49% owned by Qantas and 49% owned by Imperial Airways, Sir George held the remaing 2% as arbitrator.
Ref: Brian Conlon <

George & Eva, on the 3 Jan 1928, sailed from London to New York on the Majestic. Ref:

Sir George Julius's Home Robbed
Thieves have been active in the Darling Point district in recent weeks. The latest victim Is Sir George Julius, whose staff discovered yesterday that articles worth L5 had been taken. "It was a very cool theft," Sir George said to-day, "for half a dozen people were in the house. No one heard any strange noise, but a suspect was seen."
Ref: The Sun (Sydney, NSW) Thu 20 Apr 1933

Chairman Appointed.
The State Cabinet yesterday decided to appoint Slr George Julius chairman of the Employment Trust, which will be empowered to raise loans up to L2,000.000 for works for the relief of unemployment. Slr George Julius, it was announced yesterday, had consented to accept the position. He will confer with the Premier (Mr. Stevens) in the preparation of the necessary legislation, which will be brought down this session of Parliament, to enable the proposed trust to function. Sir George Julius is a member of the firm of Messrs. Julius. Poole, and Gibson (consulting engineers), and chairman of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research. A son of Archbishop Julius, formerly Primate of New Zealand, he was born in England In 1873 He went to New Zealand with his parents at an early age. He graduated in engineering tn New Zealand in 1896, subsequently Joining the West Australian railways, and becoming chief draughtsman and engineer in charge of tests in the locomotive department. He has practised in Sydney as a consulting engineer since 1906. He has been retained as consultant by many bodies, including the Commonwealth Naval Department, the Sydney municipal council, and many collieries, municipalities, and companies.
Ref: The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Tue 1 May 1934

Sir George Julius Awarded Engineering Medal
Sir George Julius, chairman of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, inventor of the automatic totalisator and author of many papers covering a wide variety of engineering and economic problems, has been awarded the Kernot Memorial Medal for 1938, by the Melbourne University. The medal is awarded for distinguished engineering research.
Ref: Tweed Daily (Murwillumbah, NSW) Tue 13 Jun 1939

George in his retirement took a great interest in the history of the Julius family, continuing the work of Florence Stevens (nee Julius), producing a fine Julius Family Tree dated 31st March 1939. Copies were circulated to the family.

Because of an alteration in its constitution, under which he said, he could not work Sir George Julius has resigned from the Inventions Board He would not discuss the matter to-day beyond saying that the board had a thankless job. About 99.9 per cent of inventions submitted were 'wild cat' ideas. The Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, of which Sir George is chairman, will continue to help the board.
Sydney Morning Herald 13 Aug 1941

The following is a letter on this subject, to H. L. Fenn, in Timaru, New Zealand.
906 Culwulla Chambers,
67 Castlereagh St,
Sydney 13th November 1945.
My dear Harold,
I know you will excuse a typed letter, but I do not find I have very much time for writing letters longhand.
I was very glad to hear something of you, as it is some time since we met. I knew of course, that some years ago you marry and I heard, I think from Bertha, that you had practically given up work and had left your property. You are still doing very well, however, if I am expected to take you literally when you say you spend most of your time nursing your small daughter, aged 10 weeks!
Some years ago, an old cousin of my father's - one of the Henry Julius family, a Mrs Stevens - wrote to me regarding the Family Tree. She had always interested herself in the Julius family's history, and had discovered that most of the members of the family had left Great Britain and were scattered in various parts of the world, but particularly in Australia and New Zealand. As in due course, if living, I shall become the head of the family, she wrote to me to ask whether I could do anything to help her to build up the Tree. I told her I would be very glad to do so, if I could, and finally she became very ill and was unable to carry on. She died at I think about the same time as my father, but she asked her daughter to send on all her records to me, in the hope that I might be able to do something with them.
She had not attempted to do anything in the direction of building up a Family Tree, but had just been collecting information from all over the place, and was able to provide me with a great deal of material. I set to work and did the job so far as I could obtain information up to that time.
Mrs Stevens was perfectly right. Most of the members of the Julius family were scattered all over the world outside Great Britain, and I was able to link up other families of the same name of whom we had never previously heard. Finally just at the beginning of this war, I finished the tree and the other a data associated with it, and had a number of copies made, with a view to sending them away. I have not, however, sent many away, because of the difficulty of making sure of reliable postage, particularly to England, during the war.
I very gladly send you copies of all the data I have, and hope these will give you the sort of information you want. You will note there is a complete Tree, setting out the male side of all the families and a number of smaller Trees, setting out the records regarding the female members of the clan. There is also a statement giving brief particulars of some of the members of the Julius family. Your mother's name appears in the male Tree as a daughter of Frederick Gilder Julius, who married Edward Fenn, and in the small Tree referring to the Frederick Gilder Julius branch of the family you will find a record of your mothers and fathers descendants, so far as I could obtain information of them. I note one of their sons was "Harry Liveing" which I presume is yourself, although I had forgotten your name was Harry. I have, of course, no records regarding your father's family.
I hope you are enjoying your leisure these days. I am now compelled to ease up a bit, following a serious illness last year in which the old heart went on strike, but then I am several years older than you are.
I have not been over to New Zealand since about six months before the old Pater died. Previously I used to go over every two years, but since his death, and in view of the difficulties during the war, I have not visited New Zealand for some seven years or so, so that I have seen none of the members of my family for a long time, except Betty Gould who visited Sydney with her husband, and a week or so ago "Ham" Sinclair Thompson - Rachel's husband, who called in to see me on his way back to New Zealand from England.
I knew that Ella and Arthur were leaving Timaru, to occupy their new house in Christchurch, and I now also that Percy and Bertha are expecting to get away to the North Island shortly, so that there will be few, if any, of my relations living round about Timaru except yourself and possibly "big" Ted Elworthy.
My eldest son Awdry (named after his uncle) will be visiting New Zealand on business, I think in about ten days time. It will be a very hurried visit and he may possibly not go further south than Christchurch, although at present his itinerary does include Timaru. At any rate, if he is visiting Timaru, I will suggest that he tries to get in touch with you. He has not been in New Zealand since he was a boy, and is now 45 years old, with a family of four, the eldest of whom is 18.
I have no doubt you will miss Ella and Bertha when they'll let Timaru and I find it hard to picture Arthur giving up all work and association with Holme Station.
Eva was very interested to read your letter, as of course it is a long time since she met you.
Love from us both,
your affectionate cousin,
George Julius
The documents referred to are being sent by ordinary registered post.

Punters take perverse satisfaction from the knowledge that the man whose invention revolutionised racecourse gambling was the son of an archbishop. Not to mention the fact that his invention was meant to keep untrustworthy politicians in check, rather than provide a service for gamblers. Sir George Julius, the father of the modern totalisator, ranks as one of Australia's greatest inventors. His retaliator is used world wide and spawned a massive industry. In Australia alone, the company he founded, Automatic Totalisators Ltd., other on-course totes, and their big cousin, the off-course TAB's turn over about 4 billion dollars a year . . . . .
Sir George received a letter from a friend in the west. "He asked me to make a machine to register votes and so expedite elections by giving the result without human error," Julius recalled in a later interview. Fortunately for punters, the Commonwealth Government rejected the invention and Julius decided to modify it as a totalisator. "Up to that time I had never seen a racecourse. A friend knew of a jam tin tote - a machine which kept a sort of record of tickets sold at each window - and explained to me what was required in an efficient totalisator. I found the problem of great interest.
The model was built in my spare time and perfected, a company was formed and secured its first order for a machine to Wellesley Racecourse in New Zealand," he recalled. The "Julius Totalisator made its debut at Wellesley in 1913 and was an instant success. Automatic Totalisators continued to boom for years and today the company has more than 4000 terminals in more than 12 countries ATL is still one of the biggest tote operators in South East Asia. Of course there have been many variations and improvements to the Julius totalisators.
Today's totalisators are computerised and provide a huge array of betting styles. But they are all grandsons of Julius' invention. In fact, the last Julius tote only went out of operation in 1987 at a North London dog track. Bookmakers may not agree but the punting world owes George Julius a huge debt.

Sir George Julius, 73, inventor of the automatic totalisator, died at his home at Killara to-day. He was at one time chairman of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research and a consulting engineer. Despite his tote invention now used the world over, Sir George never had a bet in his life.
Ref: Northern Star Sat 29 Jun 1946

St. Mark's Church Service
Representatives of the scientific, professional, and business life of the community attended the funeral on Saturday of Sir George Julius, Sydney scientist and former chairman of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research.
A service was conducted in St. Mark's Church, Darling Point, by Archbishop Mowll assisted by the rector, Canon H. W. Barder. The remains were later cremated at the Northern Suburbs Crematorium.
The principal mourners were Lady Julius and her two sons.
The Rev. A. P. Campbell, Moderator of the Congregational Union, who delivered the address, said that Sir George Julius brought unusual gifts to his profession. These gifts were creative, not merely imitative, and he realised the great part science must play in the future of the nation.
Sir George Julius, said Mr. Campbell, sought to place the primary and secondary industries on a sound and scientific basis.
"He was a great man who will be missed where great leaders are few. He was great in mental endowments, humility, and in his friendships."
Sydney Morning Herald 1 July 1946.

A Tribute To Sir George Julius
Dean of the Faculty of Agriculture in the University of Sydney
SIR GEORGE JULIUS, who died last week, was best known to the general public as the inventor of that ingenious device the totalisator. To his friends, however, that achievement was merely an example of that mechanical genius and constructive capacity which raised him to such a high place in his profession as an engineer. Of the important part he played in the founding and progressive development of the Institution of Engineers of Australia and the Standards Association, others are better qualified to speak, but his greatest claim to the gratitude of his fellow citizens is his work in connection with the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, to which he devoted a large proportion, of his time and energy during the last 20 years. In 1926 Australia was behind other progressive countries in the application of science to industry, and it is due to Sir George, ably assisted by his colleagues Sir David Rivett and Dr. A. E. V. Richardson, that the leeway has been largely made up. When, in that year, C.S.I.R. was founded, it devoted its attention at first mainly to the primary industries, and some doubt was expressed about the wisdom of appointing an engineer as chairman of the executive committee. Events have shown that no wiser choice could possibly have been made and the success of this organisation will always stand as his chief monument.
His War Work
With its divisions of plant industry, animal health and nutrition, soils, entomology, forest products, food preservation, and transport, and its numerous field stations for the study of irrigation and other problems, it has already, done work of incalculable benefit to the man on the land, and there is every reason to expect that its influence will continue to grow. As one who has been associated with its development from a previous less effective organisation, I have no hesitation in giving the main credit to Sir George's vision, initiative, organising ability, and forceful leadership. This was shown by his success in persuading successive Governments to be liberal in their financial support, and in his inducing producers organisations and individuals, like Sir Frederick McMaster, to make large contributions to the cost of the investigations. When war clouds appeared on the horizon, and even before that, it was fortunate for Australia that a man of Sir George's vision and capacity for getting things done quickly was in a position to conceive and establish the Standards Laboratory, the Division of Aeronautical Engineering, and the Radio Research Board. The full story behind some of these has not yet been revealed, but the effort of Australia, in the production of munitions, aeroplanes, and other devices for the prosecution of the war would have been very greatly hampered without them. Space will not permit of more than a passing reference to the part he played in steering the National Research Council through a difficult period, or his contribution to the Rotary movement, especially in the year of his presidency of the Sydney Club, or to the amazing manual skill with which he constructed working models of electric trains and railway systems, coal mines and other mechanical devices, all of which operated with magical precision, to the delight of the younger generation and many adults as well. By the passing of Sir George Julius those who were privileged to enjoy his personal friendship have suffered grievously, and Australia has lost one of her most valuable citizens and one of her few really great men.
The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) Tue 2 Jul 1946

Sir George A.Julius Kt., B.Sc., B.E., M.I.Mech.E., Hon I.E.Aust.
Sir George Julius died at his home at Killara, Sydney, on 28th June, 1946, at the age of 73 years. As a measure of time 73 years is but a moderately long span of life. In terms of service and supreme achievement the life of George Alfred Julius was surpassingly great.
Not of the type which commands the glare of the spotlight or the glitter of popular recognition, his record is rather one which, to the more discerning of the present and future generations, will mark him as one of the great nation builders of this young country. If the destiny of Australia is to be shaped by the sound development, on modern scientific lines, of her primary and secondary industries, the work of Sir George Julius will have contributed in very large measure to the moulding process.
Sir George came from a family in which he justifiably took considerable pride. His father was the late Archbishop Julius, for many years Primate of New Zealand, and his grandfather and great-grandfather were physicians at the Court of St. James. Still further back he could trace his genealogical tree of a family which has in many generations played a conspicuous part in the history of the British nation.
Sir George was born at Norwich, England, in 1873 and came to Australia at the age of 11 when his father was appointed Archdeacon of Ballarat, Victoria. He was educated at Melbourne Grammar School and subsequently, when his father was appointed Bishop of Christchurch, New Zealand, he finished his education at Canterbury College, New Zealand University, from which he graduated as Bachelor of Science. In 1919, he admitted ad eundum gradum to the degree of Bachelor of Engineering, the University of Sydney.
In 1939 the honorary degree of Doctor of Science was conferred on him by the University of New Zealand. Other honours received during his career were the P.N.R.Memorial Medal, the highest honour in its power to bestow, awarded by the Institution of Engineers, Australia, and the W.C.Kernof Memorial Medal in 1939, the Melbourne University's highest award for engineering achievement. His Majesty the, King created him a Knight Bachelor in 1929 in recognition of his outstanding contributions to the cause of science.
Sir George commenced his professional career in 1896 when he was appointed Assistant Engineer on the Staff of the Locomotive Department, Western Australian Government Railways. He later became Chief Draughtsman and Engineer in Charge of tests of the Department, and during this period he conducted a series of tests on timber and wrote a report on "The Physical Characteristics of Australian Timbers" which remains to this day, a standard work of reference. It was during his appointment in Western Australia, that Sir George married the daughter of another great Australian engineer, the late Mr.C.Y.O'Connor, C.M.G. This marriage time has been shown to be a truly great partnership in devoted service to others.
In 1906 Sir George established a practice as a Consulting Engineer in Sydney, which in time became the firm of Julius, Poole & Gibson, of which he was senior partner until his death. He and his firm, during the forty years since he came to Sydney, have been responsible for the design and supervision of many large undertakings, and have been retained by Commonwealth and State Govt's, as advisers in many national engineering projects. Into many scientific and professional activities Sir George threw the whole weight of his professional knowledge, sound judgement of men and administrative genius, and in most of these spheres his truly great gift of leadership quickly placed him in the position of command.
Foremost of these spheres was the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, of which he was appointed the first chairman in 1926 when it was constituted to succeed the earlier body, the Bureau of Science and Industry. Much care was given to the selection of this first-leader of a phrase of national development, of which only the more far-sighted of Australians at that time realised the potential significance. The selection of Sir George on the recommendation of the British scientist, Sir Frank Heath, whom the Government had bought to Australia to advise it, proved to be in every way a very sound one.
Though his engineering training covered a restricted field of scientific endeavor he had an innate appreciation of the scientific outlook, and to this he bought the engineer's practical desire, so to organise as to get things done. He had the gift also of understanding the other man's point of view, and this enabled him to become a convincing exponent of the practical value of scientific research when governments had to be persuaded to make adequate funds available and other interests had to be won over to co-operative effort. It was due to these qualities in its leader that the Council soon possessed a governing body and a scientific staff of outstanding attainments, won ever increasing recognition from Governments of all shades of political opinion, and became the motive force in a vast co-operative movement for the scientific advancement of the Commonwealth.
Today the C.S.I.R. is outstanding as a Commonwealth activity in which both State Governments and private enterprise have full confidence and with which they co-operate wholeheartedly. This achievement must be regarded as a lasting monument to the genius of the Council's first leader. He retired from the Chairmanship only a few months before his death.
In his own profession it was only to be expected that Sir George should win notable recognition, but it was due to his zeal and disinterested service that he so quickly became a most valued member of the Council of the Institution of Engineers, Australia. He had previously been a member of the Engineering Association of New South Wales, of which he was President in 1911-1913. He had also been a member of Council of the Electrical Associations of New South Wales, and its President in 1917-1918. He was a member of the Committee which bought about the amalgamation which constituted The Institute of Engineers, Australia, and he became a member of the first Council. He held the office of Councillor for twenty years, being elected President 1925. During this period he worked wholeheartedly on The Standard Committees of the Council, and contributed in very large measure to the rapid development of the Institution during those important formative decades. Sir George was one of the engineering stalwarts who fostered the formation of the Australian Commonwealth Engineering Standards Association, of which he was made first Vice-Chairman in 1922. He succeeded Sir George Knibbs to the Chairmanship in 1925 and held this position in the Association and the subsequently reconstituted body, the Standards Association of Australia, until the end of 1939. His leadership in this movement also is a story of genius and leadership applied with unflagging enthusiasm and energy, and once again his reward was the achievement of a great organisation winning ever increasing recognition and confidence and performing a great national service.
In the National Research Council, Sir George as Chairman played a conspicuous part and his sound judgement and insistence on businesslike administration proved of great value in the conduct of its affairs. As Chairman also of the Army inventions Directorate, he brought to bear both his own incisive mind and technical skill and his capacity for administration. As indicative of the breadth of mind and interest which characterised him, Sir George found himself soon after its foundation a member of the Rotary Club of Sydney, and in 1932 was elected its President. It is of interest to note that in his activities for the Club contributed to the reorganisation of the membership classification, a piece of work so outstanding in its thoroughness that it was adopted as a basis by Rotary International. Education for the profession of engineering was a subject which always commanded Sir George's interest and, notwithstanding his many other activities, he found time to act as an Honorary Lecturer to the P.N.Russell School of Engineering. Those who had the privilege of listening to his expositions on the design and development of mechanisms will always remember them as models of lucid deduction. In this field, the mechanics of machinery, Sir George ranked as one of the world's leading authorities.
The life-time hobby which engaged Sir George's leisure was the craftsmanship of which he was a master and which he practiced in his excellently equipped workshop. From these spare hours there grew, over many years, the marvelous model city which, during the early years of the second World War, delighted the hearts both of children and adults. None appreciated the perfection of this craftsmanship more than fellow engineers, who recognised in the fineness of finish and perfection of operation in the many working models in the exhibit the touch of a real master.
Out of Sir George's fertile brain and his delight in the solution of mechanical problems, there was born the totalisator. That it proved to be a valuable and useful adjunct to the Sport of Kings is merely incidental, though in the minds of many of the public it is Sir George's best known achievement. It is indeed an achievement, for it is a masterpiece as a " congruous concourse" of simple elements and fundamental principles into a perfect specimen of mechanism for smooth and accurate performance of a complex operation. That it was an aid to the making and winning, or losing, of bets on the relative speeds of horses was never a matter of any great interest to the designer.
A recital of the professional and scientific achievements of this great engineer, surpassing as the achievements have been, is to tell but the lesser part of the story of his life. To those who loved and revered him it is the personal qualities of the man, George Alfred Julius, which will be ever remembered. He was a man who impressed one on first acquaintance as one who counted in the scheme of things. He could, too, be most cordially friendly in a encounter with one with whom he felt any bond of sympathy, and would indulge in pleasant raillery that immediately put one at ease. Yet he was of too deep a nature to form friendships on sight and it was only as one grew to know him that one fully appreciated all his finer qualities. His soundness of judgement, proved time and again over vast experience, had bred in him a strong conviction of the rightness of his opinions, yet withal he was a man of great humility of spirit: a seeming contradiction to which only long acquaintance gave an understanding. He was capable of strong and loyal friendships, in which he delighted. He was generous in victory but could take defeat in the best grace. Though both came to a man who always fought hard for the cause he was interested in, victories were more common because through intrinsically sound judgement, effectiveness in negotiation, and persistence in effort, he usually won the day for his side.
His faults were the faults of greatness, the kind that those who knew him well smiled over and rather liked him for. His conviction of the soundness of his views made him a difficult opponent to deal with in debate. His hatred of all meannesses of the spirit made him intolerant of pettiness, small mindedness, and mental weakness. He could not dissemble, when disgust at evidences of such attributes swayed him. To his fellow-members of the Council of the Standards Association of Australia, and particularly to those of them who were privileged to have had long and close association with him, Sir George Julius will ever be remembered as a notable engineer and scientist, a successful leader and administrator, a truly great Australian citizen, and a generous-hearted and lovable man.

The Times 29 June 1946 pg 7 col E.
Sir George Julius
Totalisator Inventor
Sir George Julius, DSc BE MIMechE MIE Aust., consulting engineer, has died at the age of 73, telegraphs our Sydney correspondent. He invented a totalisator which he improved later by the addition of an odds indicator. George Alfred Julius, born in this country, at Norwich, on April 29, 1873, eldest son of the late Dr Churchill Julius, some time Archbishop and Primate of New Zealand, was educated at the Church of England Grammar School Melbourne, and at the University of New Zealand. After graduating in engineering in 1896 he became a railway engineer, joining the locomotive department of the West Australian Government, of which he subsequently was appointed chief draughtsman and engineer in charge of tests. About 10 years later he set up practice in Sydney as a consulting engineer, and the Commonwealth Naval Department and the municipal council of Sydney, in addition to collieries, companies, and numerous other bodies retained him as consultant.
To the general public Julius will perhaps be best known as the inventor of a totalisator used on many of the racecourses of the world, and of an odds indicator which improved his invention. He also invented various calculating devices. His eminence in the scientific and engineering worlds is indicated by the high positions he was called upon to fill. In 1926 he was selected to be chairman of the Commonwealth Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, and as such he visited the next year most of the important research stations in this country and some on the Continent; and he was elected president of the Institution of Engineers, Australia, in 1925; of the Engineering Association of New South Wales in 1911, 1912, and 1913; and the Electrical Association of New South Wales in 1918. The University of New Zealand conferred upon him the honorary degree of D.Sc. His talents were recognized outside his own professional circles for in 1934 it was announced that the Cabinet of New South Wales had appointed him chairman of the Employment Trust which, it was stated, would be empowered to raise loans up to L2 million for works for the relief of unemployment.
Sir George Julius, who was created a Knight in 1929, was the author of "Physical Characteristics of the Hardwoods of Western Australia" (1906), and "Physical Characteristics of the Hardwoods of Australia" (1907) as well as various scientific papers on engineering and economic problems in Australia. He married, in 1898, Eva, third daughter of the late Mr C. Y. O'Connor, CMG., engineer in Chief for Western Australia and had two sons.

JULIUS. Sir George Alfred. Kt.Cr. 1929 ; Hon D.Sc. Uni of N.Z. ; B. Sc. ; B.E. ; M.I. Mech Eng ; M.I.E. Aust.; Consulting Engineer ; Chairman of Commonwealth Council of Scientific and Industrial Research ; Chairman Aust Council. of Aeronautics ; University of N.Z. ; Engineer in Locomotive Dept. W.A. Gpvn. ; inventor various calculating devices ; Hon B.Sc. in Engineering, Uni of Sydney, Past Pres. of Institute of Engineers, Aust 1925 ; Past Pres Engineering Assoc. of N. S. W. 1911 to 1913 ; Past Pres. of Electrical Assoc N. S. W . 1918 ; Chairman, Standards Assoc. of Aust 1926 -1940.
Publications:- Physical Characteristics of Australian Hardwoods, 1906 ; various Scientific papers on engineering and economic problems in Aust.
Recreation : Tennis.
Address:Culwalla Chambers, 67 Castlereagh St. Sydney. T. A. Jupag, Sud?.
Clubs : Australian. University. Rotary, Sydney.

(From 'Truth's' Sydney Office)
SIR GEORGE JULIUS, inventor of the automatic totalisator, left an estate of L12,231. This was revealed in his will, probate of which was granted in the Supreme Court last week. Sir George Julius, who lived in Stanhope Rd, Killara, died in June this year, aged 73. He left the income from his estate to his wife, Lady Eva Julius, during her life, and to his sons and their families after her death.
Ref: Truth (Brisbane, Qld) Sun 8 Dec 1946

For more information on Sir George and his work refer to the extensive research done by Brian Conlon on:

Research Notes:
These letters by George Julius comprise some of the research he was doing in the 1930's on the Julius Family History to link William Warner Julius's family into what was known of the English family in St Kitts..

31 January 1935.
A W Stuart - Smith Esq.
C/O Australia House,
London WC2.

My dear Stuart-Smith,
I am always sending you curious enquiries, and often feel that I trespass too much on your willingness to help.
You were good enough to make some enquiries from me some time ago regarding the sale of my stamp collection. I fully appreciated the information that you sent me, and as I got an opportunity to sell it for cash in Australia (certainly for a very low figure) not long after, I sold it rather than run the unknown risk of packing and off to England and knowing really nothing of what I would be likely to get for it.
Now I am asking you to make some enquiries in a different direction.
My family is supposed to be the only British family of the name. My old father, who is still living at 87, will be the head of the family - that is the eldest surviving male, and in turn the headship will pass to me and on to my older son and to my grandson. Our family has been scattered all over the world, history showing that the male members were apparently an adventurous lot and nearly all went abroad to various parts of the Empire, to the West Indies, India, Ceylon, Africa, Australia and New Zealand. Some time ago some of my old relations in England were bewailing the fact of the family seemed to be dying out as they had lost trace of these many distant branches scattered about the world. They asked me whether I would get any information for them regarding these missing members, so in a weak moment I agreed to do so, and have built up a Family Tree of which I send you a copy.
I sent a copy of this Tree to a very old cousin of my Fathers who is living in Surrey and who has always made a study of the family history. She was able to give me a great deal of information regarding the earlier branches of the family which linked us up with a Captain William Julius who is buried in Westminster Abbey and who was a Commander in the Navy. He was born in 1665 and died in 1698. We also know the name of his father, John, who settled in the Island of St Kitts. This island as you know, was the earliest British possession in the West Indies and was settled I think by Sir Thomas Warren in 1623. My ancestor John Julius must have gone out there at that time or very shortly after.
I know that some of my ancestors were privateers which may in those days have been a polite term for a "Pirate". When I got this additional information I plotted another tree showing the various sections in the earlier generations, and I send you a copy of this also (the larger sheet). You will easily see by comparing the two sheets that they link up. As you will note I am a descendant of Frederick Gilder Julius who was my grandfather born in 1811 and died in 1886.
Now that I am doing the job I am anxious to make it as complete as possible, as these old records are very interesting and it becomes increasingly difficult as time goes by and the older members die out, to get correct information.
From the larger sheet which is the correct record of the earlier generations, you will note that there are a number of missing records. The record of my own family is quite complete back to the original John who first settled in St Kitts somewhere early in the 17th century; that would be somewhere about the time of James I. You will notice amongst the early records however the names of male members with no record of marriage or possible descendants. It is not easy, especially in Australia, to get any information regarding the early history of such a remote settlement as St Kitts. This island was settled first of all jointly by the British and the French. The French subsequently kicked the British out, but in 1713, that is about 90 years after the first settlement, the whole of Island passed by conquest and treaty to the hands of the British and of course is still a British possession.
The earliest ancestor that I have been able to trace is the John Julius who settled in St Kitts somewhere early in the 17th century. A petition has been turned up dated 1688 presented to the King (presumably William III) which reads as follows:
"John Julius of North Yarmouth, a planter. Petitioner to King and Council 1688.
Petitioner for divers years an inhabitant of St Kitts until the French took his whole estate.
Prays leave to transport himself wife and family and L150 in goods from London to Middlesburgh where a passage offers"
The records show that he was sent to Nevis a town to the extreme South of St Kitts. Apparently the North Yarmouth referred to must be a settlement in St Kitts named after the English town, but I am a bit puzzled about the transport from London to Middlesburgh unless again both these names occur in St Kitts, because I cannot understand a man petitioning the King to transport himself from London to Middlesburgh in England, particularly as he was in fact transported to Nevis also in St Kitts. St Kitts as you probably know, was originally known as St Christopher but is now never called anything but St Kitts.
The sons of this original John were Commanders of Privateers and then were in the Navy, and from one of them, William 1665 - 1698 and buried in Westminster Abbey, my family is descended as you will note from the two charts.
I am anxious to get as much information as I can so that before I complete the document it will contain as much information as it is possible to get hold of. To do this it would be very helpful if one could get hold of some very early records of the early settlement of this remote West Indian island.
Incidentally also, there is another family of the name of Julius in Australia whom I often thought might be connected with us, but I have very little information regarding their antecedents. The father of one of them, however, remembers that he had a great uncle Charles Fox Julius, and you will notice also that in our Family Tree there is a Charles James Fox Julius who died in 1872 and who was a grandson of Julius Caesar Julius. It would be too improbable altogether that there should be two families with such an uncommon name as Julius and that in both families there should be a Charles Fox Julius. This Charles Fox Julius, by the way was a Godson of the Charles James Fox, British Prime Minister, and was born in St Kitts but sent to England at a very early age to be educated. He was finally articled to a solicitor in London named Graham. Whilst there he quarrelled with a brother of his boss and challenged him to a duel in which he killed Mr Graham. He then had to be hidden in England until he could get away and finally he went out to St Kitts again where he married and died. From the Family Tree it is seen that Charles James Fox's father Richard had no brothers and therefore it would not be possible for there to be a Julius descendant of whom Charles James Fox would either be an uncle or a great uncle, unless there was a brother of Richard of whom I have no record.
It just struck me that living in London as you do and being in contact with so many British offices, you might be able, first of all to find out where one might perhaps get fuller information regarding these early generations, and further also obtain for me some early books giving the history of St Kitts during the 17th and 18th centuries. In such records there should be a mention of some of my ancestors more than one of whom was from time to time President of St Kitts and also of the island of Antigua.
I hope that I am not asking you to go off on a wild goose chase, but from this end of the world it is always so extraordinarily difficult to get information of this kind. I would be very grateful therefore if you could put me in touch with someone who might be able to help me. I believe there are people in London who make a business of carrying out such searches, but one always suspects that some of them make searches to order so as to produce reputable family trees.
I am afraid that if I do not collect this information now it will never be collected, and at least subsequent generations will find it more difficult.
We were all very delighted here when Dr Rivett was honoured with a Knighthood. There is no man in Australia who more fully deserves the honour.
I am still Chairman of the Council but how long I will remain such I cannot say. My appointment terminates in March when I shall have occupied the chair for nine years, and whether the present Government will reappoint me or not remains to be seen. I shall be sorry to drop the work as it is full of interest and my colleagues, both of whom you know, Rivett and Richardson are delightful men to work with. I think the three of us make a very happy executive.
I have four grandchildren now, the last of whom is a boy, so that there is a chance that the family name will be carried on.
Trusting that you and yours are well, and with kindest regards,
Yours sincerely
G A G.

31st of January 1935
My dear Cousin Florence,
I was very delighted to receive your note of the 19th November, with which you forwarded such a long and interesting statement regarding our family. In it you gave me much information that was quite new and which altered completely my Family Tree so far as the earlier generations were concerned.
I have tried to put down the information that you have just sent me in the form of a tree, and I send you a copy herewith. I do not want to get the final reduced copies made until I know whether what I have done is correct, and, of still greater importance, whether you know of any other information which might be included.
Two or three things I find a little difficult to follow in your description. On page 4, for instance, you refer to the six younger children of William of Basseterre, whereas from the dates which you give of the deaths of two of these young daughters, they must obviously have been born before John, and you will notice in the chart therefore that I have put them in, in front of John; Susannah 1728 to 1729, and Martha 1732 to 1741. John is 1733 to 1815. I have tried also to get all the other members of the family in their correct place, but of course some may still be wrong because we have no date as to either the birth or death.
There is another family of the name of Julius in Australia who have been in the country for a great many years and who have always believed that they belonged to some British family. As I have always been told that we were the only family of the name of Julius in Britain, I have often tried to ascertain from these other people the names of some of their ancestors, so as to ascertain whether or not they could be linked up with us, and I have just learnt one significant fact. A very early settler in the Northern Rivers District of New South Wales, was a man named William Warner Julius whose father's name was Edward Julius and whose mother's maiden name was Margaret Warner. You will notice again the name William appears. Further also, it was a son of William Warner Julius who gave me these particulars, and he says that he remembers his father mentioning a great uncle whose name was Charles Fox Julius and whom he thought was a clergyman of the Church of England. It is most improbable that any other member of the name of Julius would also have amongst its members another Charles Fox Julius such as occurs in our family. On the other hand, from the information you have sent me, Charles James Fox Julius cannot have been an uncle or great uncle to any other Julius because he had no brothers, but there is often considerable confusion in families between second cousins and great uncles.
You remember also you mentioned that Julius Caesar Julius married and Susannah Kerr by whom he had three children Richard, Jenny and Lucretia, Charles James Fox being the son of Richard. You stated also the Julius Caesar Julius married a second time a widow named Susannah Brodbelt on 12 August 1769, which was according to the register at St George's Basseterre. You referred to the fact that from some other record you learn that Julius Caesar Julius was supposed to have died in 1744. By comparing dates it seems that that he cannot have died in 1744 because he cannot have been married much before 1750 if he was a younger brother of John who was born in 1733. It may be therefore that the record of his death is wrong and that he did in fact marry Susannah Brodbelt in 1769. If he had any children by Susannah Brodbelt then such children would be half-brothers to Richard, father of Charles James Fox, and their descendants might well have regarded Charles James Fox as uncle or great uncle. I mention this because it seems it might perhaps be worthwhile to determine whether there was such a second family.
Another point concerning which it would be interesting to get information, is regarding John the only son of the John who was president of St Kitts. This younger John you remember had two sisters, one who married Jedidiah Kerie, and the other Aretas Estridge. There seems to be no information regarding this younger John's birth or death or whether he had descendants. If he had then it would be quite possible that Charles James Fox might have been regarded as a great uncle, whereas he would in fact be a cousin of sorts.
I should very much like to be in England and to have the opportunity of taking somebody who could write shorthand to see you so that we might get a record of the interesting family history that you have collected. It seems such a pity that it should be lost.
The one outstanding fact on the completed Tree is the extraordinary uniformity with which the male members of the Julius family went off to distant parts of the Empire - the West Indies, India, Ceylon, Africa, Australia and New Zealand.
I feel of course as time goes on it becomes increasingly difficult to get hold of these past records, and now I have started on the job I should like to be able to make the record as complete as possible. If you know of anyone, or of any place in England where further records might be found and would let me know, I would set enquiries on foot so as to try and fill up some of the gaps. In the meantime I would be very grateful if, with the help of your daughters, you could look through this amended chart which I now send to you, so that before I again make the completed chart with all the subsequent generations, I may be sure that I have got the facts as correct as possible.
With kindest regards,
I am, your affectionate cousin,
PS I am also sending you four copies of the original chart, but these of course I will replace when I have the corrected chart completed.

Page 1 missing
Sir George Julius
I have also been advised that the West India Committee, of Trinity Square, EC 3, possesses early books on the West Indies, and it is my intention to pay a visit to that office as soon as possible, and gather such information as may be possible. Unfortunately the terrible rush of the last few weeks has kept me here until well after most of these offices are closed, and it is for this reason alone that I have been unable to expedite the enquiry on your behalf.
This letter is being typed by Mrs Roberts, who I am pleased to say has been engaged to assist me for the next six months. You may well imagine that I am delighted to be associated with Mrs Roberts again, and I am only sorry that she is to be with us for such a short time.
With very kind regards to Lady Julius and yourself
Yours sincerely
A.W. Stuart Smith

A letter on this subject from Charles Francis William Warner Julius.
Kings Lynn
Kirribilli Ave
19 July 1935

Sir George Julius
Dear Sir
As I said I would I have written to my aunt and asked her if she could give me any information about my grandfathers family in St Kitts. She was very interested to hear of the records you have been able to trace, and thinks that, considering the size of St Kitts and the uncommon name, the two families must certainly be connected. Unfortunately she is in Melbourne at present (and will be there for some time) so that, though she has a number of old letters and so on at home, the only information she can give me is from memory.
My grandfathers name (as you probably already know) was William Warner Julius, his father was Edward Julius of St Kitts and his mother was Margaret Warner of (I think) Trinidad. My grandfather left St Kitts and went to sea while still in his teens - his mother having died and his father having married again. He never returned to the Island, but while still a very young man he came to Australia as a ships purser. He remained here at first growing sugar at Sunnyside near Brisbane but later in partnership with John Robb of Melbourne he built the sugar cane mill which is still standing at Cudgen, on the Tweed River - but all this is not much help.
My Aunt also mentioned Charles Fox Julius as a relative of whom her father had often spoken and whose name he gave to one of his sons. Another relative was a Church of England clergyman in St Kitts. She does not remember his name but thinks he was an uncle or great uncle of he fathers. The only other point was that she remembered her fathers brother Edward visiting Sydney when she was a small child.
This is not much, and may not be useful at all, but perhaps I shall be able to let you have a few more facts later.
Yours faithfully

St Mark's College
University of Adelaide
46 Pennington Terrace,
North Adelaide
September 2, 1935

Sir George Julius,

Dear Sir George,
I am forwarding the Handbook on St Kitts. The local historian is Mr George King, Post Office, Basseterre. He seems very pleased and willing to supply the information.
The following are the best research works, published fairly recently.
Higham C.S.S. "The development of the Leeward Islands under the Restoration 1660 - 1688. Cambridge, 1921.
Pitman F.W. "The development of the British West Indies 1700 - 1763". Yale, 1917.
Rogatz L.J. "The fall of the Planter Class in the British Caribbean 1763 - 1833" the Century Coy. New York, 1928.
Newton A. P. "The European Nations in the West Indies" 1493 - 1688. A and C Black, London, 1933.

The most interesting contemporary printed document I have encountered was Jeaffreson J.C. "A Young Squire in the 17th century" 2 Vols. London 1878. This is of first rate importance as dealing almost wholly was St Kitts.
Books such as Higham and Rogatz contain detailed bibliographies. Higham deals particularly with St Kitts.
I must apologise for the delay in sending you this information. I have been very rushed with the work of the "Centenary History of South Australia" which some of us are editing.
With kind regards and remembrances,
Yours sincerely
A. G...... Price

A. W. Stuart Smith, Esq.,
Australia House,
Strand WC2
4 January 1936.

My dear Stuart Smith,
Very many thanks for your letter of the 24th October which came to hand whilst I was away in New Zealand. I am afraid my enquiries have been an awful nuisance to you, and I am very grateful for all the work that you have done.
Whilst of course one would like to carry back a family tree as far as possible, if such can be done without much difficulty, I am not particularly worried about going a long way back, nor am I looking for a coat of arms. Before completing the tree, however, I would like to "tie up the loose ends". I am very grateful for the offer that Sir Gerald Wollaston has made, and I can quite understand that to make the kind of enquiry that he has in mind might easily cost a lot of money. I am not however prepared to spend very much in that direction.
There is, however, as I have mentioned to you before one group in Australia which it ought to be easy to trace. The people in this group are unquestionably related and whom therefore I would like to tie into the family tree, if it can be done relatively easily. I have every branch tied up, except this one. The representative whom I know is Edward Julius, who was for many years Conservator of Forests for South Australia, and he retired from that position last year. He has a good many relations in Australia, nephews, nieces, sisters and so on, but is singularly ignorant regarding his ancestry. His father came to Australia in the 1860s, his name being William Warner Julius. He was born in the Island of St Kitts, and for that reason therefore it is perfectly obvious that he must be related in some way; in such a very small island it is not likely that there would be two entirely distinct families of the name of Julius.
Edward Julius also told me that his mother's maiden name was Margaret Warner, also from the West Indies, and that she was related in some way to "Plum" Warner, so well known in the cricket world. "Plum" Warner's people also came from the West Indies.
Edward Julius's grandfather, who was born and lived all his life in St Kitts, was also named Edward. The only other fact that he can remember is hearing his father refer to a great uncle named Charles James Fox Julius. If any other proof were needed of relationship with our family, that should be sufficient, because there was a Charles James Fox Julius in our family.
I have actually given you all these particulars before in my letter to you of 31 January last year.
It is quite apparent that Edward Julius and his family are descended from Julius Caesar Julius, through Richard Julius, whose son was the Charles James Fox Julius previously referred to.
I know that the earlier records from the island of St Kitts were destroyed by fire, but I understand that these were the records of the 17th and early 18th centuries. It seems to me that the link between Charles James Fox Julius and this Northern Rivers family would be established by a mere inspection of the records of the late 18th century and early 19th century, and I expect that all these records are available on the island of St Kitts if not in London.
I do not propose therefore to do anything further in the matter other than if possible to establish this particular link, and to learn whether there are any members of Edward Julius's family still living in the island of St Kitts and if so, who they are. In other words, the data that I want is only two or three, or at most four, generations back. It may be of course, that the connection is through another "mesalliance" such seem to have been fairly common amongst my ancestry, though in those days I do not think this was peculiar to our family only!
If therefore you could just get some of this missing information, either in London or alternatively get some authority in the Colonial Office to get it from the island of St Kitts; or again, failing that, let me know to whom I might write in the island of St Kitts, to ask them to turn up the records for me, I should be very grateful. It is a pity just to leave the family tree with this one missing connection.
My wife and I had a delightful trip in New Zealand and I found my old father, now 88 years of age, still very well and still driving his motorcar.
I note that the Science Congress that was to have been held in London last September is now proposed for next September, and we have received a communication asking for recommendations on the matter. Personally I shall do all I can to arrange that Sir David Rivett should attend it, although I should thoroughly enjoy another trip to the Old Country.
Mr and Mrs Gervas Huxley are at present in Sydney, and I have been doing what I can to help Mrs Huxley to see all that is to be seen in connection with the work of CSIR, concerning which Mr McDougall wrote to Sir David Rivett. She went all over the McMaster Laboratory with me on Thursday, and I arranged for her to spend some days on Sir Frederick McMasters station at Dalkeith. She then leaves for Melbourne and Adelaide, where she will visit our laboratories, and on her return to Sydney, en route to England, she will go out to our field station at Hinchinbrook. Like most of these visitors, she is trying to see Australia in three weeks, but at least she will go back with some knowledge of the work of CSIR in which apparently she is very much interested.
Trusting that you and yours are well and with kindest regards from us both.
Yours sincerely,

His Honour the Administrator,
Government House,
St Kitts.
West Indies.
10 January 1936

Dear Sir,
I am taking the liberty of writing to you, in an endeavour to obtain certain information regarding some of my ancestors, who for five generations lived on the island of St Kitts. I realise, of course, that you yourself will not be able to find time to deal with this enquiry, but as I know no one on the Island, I thought you would not mind referring it to some officer of your Government who might perhaps be able to look for and let me have the information I require.
Just a word or two as to myself. I am a Consulting Engineer, carrying on a practice for many years past in Sydney, Australia. I have, however, a great many activities outside my professional work, and have been (and am still) Chairman of the Commonwealth Council for Scientific and Industrial Research since it was formed in 1926. I am also Chairman of the Australian Standards Association; President of the Australian National Research Council; Past President of the Institution of Engineers, Australia; Chairman of the Australian Advisory Committee of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, London; Honorary Lecturer at the University of Sydney, and so on. I was knighted in 1929, as reference to any volume of knighted will show.
My father is a Londoner by birth (incidentally I also was born in England, but have been in Australia for 52 years). He is still living, although retired, and was Archbishop and Primate of New Zealand. He is the senior Anglican bishop by consecration in the world.
My family for several centuries at least, has been established in England, although from the name "Julius" it is obviously of Latin origin, and the family must, at some early date, presumably have come from a Latin country. I shall very shortly become the head of the Julius family, which is one that has always sent its members, for many generations past, to distant parts of the Empire, the West Indies, India, Ceylon, Australia and New Zealand. For that reason members of the family are scattered all over the Empire, although I think the greater number are in Australia or New Zealand.
I have been asked by many of my relations in England to try to get together a record of the family, to build up, so far as possible, the family tree. This is not easy, with such a scattered family, but I have practically completed the tree. There is one link however which I have not yet established and the only place from which I am likely to obtain the necessary information is from the island of St Kitts.
The earliest known member of the Julius family settled in St Kitts somewhere early in the 17th century. His name was John Julius, and we do not know whether he went over to St Kitts with Sir Thomas Warner, who founded the settlement there, but if not, he must have gone over as one of the very early settlers.
John Julius was married twice his only daughter Elizabeth marrying Thomas Westcott of St Kitts, and all we know about Westcott is that he was born in 1659. John's second child was another John, who was a Commander in the Navy, and who died in 1697 so far as we know without issue. His other son William (the first "William") was also a Commander in the Navy, was born in 1665 and died in 1698, and is buried in Westminster Abbey this William had a son and daughter. The son was named William (the second "William") and he was born at Basseterre in 1695 and died in 1752. He married Frances Mary Charles, of whom all we know is that she died in 1737. They lived all their lives in St Kitts. Of his only sister, Jemima, we know nothing.
The second William's eldest son was also named William and he (the third "William") was born in St Kitts in 1726. He lived there practically all his life, until he went to London in 1779, dying in 1780. He married Jane Smith Edwards of Jamaica, who was born in 1734 and died in 1823. He had several brothers and sisters. The next brother named John, was born in 1733 and died in 1815. He married Mary Wharton, and from the records he would seem to have been President of St Kitts and possibly also of Antigua on more than one occasion. John had two daughters and a son (John), but there are no male descendants as the son died early.
One of the daughters whose name was Ann Wharton, married Aretas Estridge in St Kitts, and I note from the "Handbook of St Kitts" written by Katharine Janet Burdon, that in 1920, in the parish of Christ Church, Nicola Town, there was a property of 902 acres owned by someone of the name of H W Estridge. Perhaps this is a descendant of the original Aretas Estridge.
There was a third brother, whose name was Julius Caesar Julius, who was born and lived in St Kitts, and was twice married. I will refer to him again later.
The eldest brother, the third "William", born in 1726 had a fairly large family, his eldest son being William John who was the fourth "William", born in 1755 and died in 1810. He was ordained and instituted by the Bishop of London to the living of St Anne, Sandy Point in 1781, and later to St Paul Capisterre. He never married. I understand that he is often mentioned in the Register of the Island as "officiating at baptisms" etc. He had estates which he left his cousin, Elizabeth Mary Julius, who had married Jedidiah Kerie, also of the island of St Kitts.
The next son of the third "William" was John Julius, who was born in St Kitts in 1763 and died in 1837. He married Susanna Frances and had two children, Henry, who died as an infant, and a daughter named Anne, born in 1801, of whom we know nothing.
The next son, George Charles Julius was born in 1775 in St Kitts, and when quite young he was sent to England, where he married in 1795. Subsequently he spent many years in India, where all the earlier children were born, and finally he died in England in 1866. Incidentally, he was Court Physician, I think to George III.
I am the senior descendant of my generation from this "George Charles" and as such will therefore ultimately become the head of the family. He was my great-grandfather. His third son, Frederick Gilder Julius, was born in England in 1811, and died in 1886; he was my grandfather.
From that date I know practically the whole of the traceable male members of the Julius family, with the exception of one group. There is living in New South Wales, at the present time, a family of "Julius", who settled on the Northern Rivers of New South Wales somewhere about the year 1862, and there are many descendants of the original settler who are occupying good positions in Australia. The family, however, seem to know very little about their ancestry.
I happen however, to have discovered two things. Firstly, that the Edward Julius who settled in Australia about 1862 came from the island of St Kitts, and was born there, and secondly that he had at least one brother who lived and died there. I also learnt that in his family he had uncle or great uncle whose name was Charles James Fox Julius, and there was a man of that name in our family. These two facts, birth in St Kitts, and such an uncommon name as Charles James Fox Julius as a member of both groups, makes it clear that this group is related to my own, but I have not been able to discover the "link".
Charles James Fox Julius, who died in 1872, was the son of Richard Julius, who in turn was the son of Julius Caesar Julius. As before mentioned, Julius Caesar Julius was born and lived in the island of St Kitts as also was his son Richard Julius. Richard Julius, however, spent a great deal of his time in England and was a personal friend of Charles James Fox, then British Prime Minister, who became godfather to Richard's son. Hence the name Charles James Fox Julius.
So far as we know, Richard only had two sisters, who did not marry. Also, so far as we know, he only had one son, Charles James Fox Julius, and a daughter. Concerning the daughter we know nothing. Charles James Fox Julius had a curious history. As a youngster he was sent to London and articled to a solicitor. When there, he had a quarrel with a fellow pupil, the son of this employer. He challenged him to a duel, and unfortunately killed him. As at that time duelling was illegal, Charles James Fox was hidden in England for a period, and then returned to St Kitts where he lived until his death in 1872. He married Barbara Louisa Amory, who died in 1866. It is said that owing to the circumstances of the duel he did not make claim to certain properties in St Kitts. He was consequently badly off himself, and left his children badly off.
So far as we know, Charles James Fox Julius only had two daughters, Ruth and Sarah, and one son, whose name was Abraham Whitehouse Julius. The latter was born in 1843 and died in 1865, I think in St Kitts. Of Ruth we know nothing, except that she was born in 1835. Sarah was born in 1837 and died in St Kitts in 1907, in great poverty. A relation in England sent me a long newspaper cutting which I think was published in St Kitts giving the story of Sarah's life and something regarding her antecedents.
From what I have said it is obvious that unless Richard Julius had another son than Charles James Fox Julius, or one or another of the two daughters married and the husband took the name of Julius he could not have been the uncle or great uncle of any Julius descendant, because he had no brothers, so far as we know; and yet this family in Australia have a recollection of a Charles James Fox Julius in their family, and they came from the island of St Kitts.
I am anxious to complete the tree, because the longer it is left the harder it becomes to collect the earlier data, and as stated, I think I have the story complete with the exception of this one link. I have therefore ventured to write to you, in the hope that possibly somewhere in the records of the Island one might find information which would give something regarding the earlier history of this odd branch of the family, who certainly came from the island of St Kitts, were living there at least earlier than 1860 (and I think some of them later) and who almost certainly descended from Julius Caesar Julius. I have tried without success to get the information in England; hence my letter to you.
We have been informed that it is not easy to get data regarding the earlier records of St Kitts, as many such records were destroyed by fire probably during the endless troubles between the British and the French regarding the early ownership of the island. I should have thought, however, that the records of the 19th century would have been available, and I think the missing link between the two branches of the family, if it is to be found would be during that period.
I enclose a print showing the early members of the family, so far as I have been able to discover them, and I think that with this information and the matter contained in this letter it should be possible for some official in the Island perhaps to help me.
I trust you will excuse my writing to you but unfortunately I know no one living in that part of the world now. At the same time I am naturally extremely interested in the early history of the Island, and would like to get all the information that is available.
I have often thought of paying a visit to the Island on the way from Australia to England, as I believe it is possible to do so if one goes home via Panama, by leaving the boat at Panama and going to St Kitts via Curacoa. So far, however, I have not been able to spare the time.
I should also be grateful if someone could advise me as to whether there are any books dealing with the early history of St Kitts, of which possibly I might be able to obtain a copy in England or elsewhere.
My postal address is:
Sir George Julius,
Box 2653 E.E. G.P.O.
Sydney. Australia.
Again apologising for writing and worrying you on this matter.
I am,
Yours faithfully,

Government House,
St Kitts W I
6 April, 1936

St Christopher-Nevis
No 131/36
Your Letter of 10.1.36.

Sir George Julius,
Box 2653 E.E., G.P.O.

I have the honour to transmit to you the document in the annexed schedule.
The Administrator.
Minute dated 2 April 1936
Minute from Chairman Historic Sites & Records C/tee on the subject of the Julius family in St Kitts.
2 Copies of family tree of JULIUS family (returned)

It seems that I have been able to find the "missing link". The Julius family appeared to have been chiefly connected with the Cayon and Nicola Town districts some of them representing these parishes in the House of Assembly for a number of years in the 18th and early 19th century, but no record bearing on the family tree seems to be available there. I have however found in Basseterre certain entries in the St George's baptismal register that should settle the question of Charles James Fox Julius having a younger brother.
The entries are as follows:
William, son of Richard Julius and wife 6th of July 1800
Charles James Fox son of Richard Julius deceased and wife born 27th of July 1798.
Ann Susannah daughter of the above parents born 29th of July 1805.
The two latter entries are under date 17th of April 1807 which points to the probability of the two children having been born elsewhere and their births recorded in Basseterre after the death of their father. I think therefore that the New South Wales family may be traceable to William, younger brother of C.J.F. Julius. The last named was known as Fox Julius, he kept the school which my father attended. He is also reputed to have unwittingly blessed Basseterre by accidentally setting it on fire, and so causing it to be rebuilt on better lines. All the names that Sir George mentions, Estridge, Wharton, Whitehouse, Kerie, etc, are familiar to readers of our records. No charge has been made by the church for searching the records though there is a scale of fees therefore. Perhaps Sir George might forgive my suggesting that an honorarium to the church which is badly off might be his pleasure.
(Sgd) Geo. H. King
Chairman, Historic Sites and Records Committee.

His Honour the Administrator,
Government House,
St Kitts West Indies.
2 December 1936.

Dear Sir,
I have the honour to acknowledge your communication of 6 April, the reply to which has been delayed owing to my absence from New South Wales.
I am very grateful for the information that you have sent me, and in reply thereto have written direct to Mr George H King, to whom you referred my enquiry. I have asked him to locate some further information for me, if he is able to do so, and I'm also forwarding through him a small honorarium to the church which made a search of the records.
Yours faithfully,

Geo. H. King, Esq.,
Chairman, Historic Sites and Records Committee,
St Kitts, West Indies.
Hand written note "Money Order 70384"

2 December 1936
Dear Mr King,
His Honour the Administrator of St Christopher-Nevis forwarded to me on 6 April last information in reply to my letter to him of 10th of January 1936, with regard to certain family records in St Kitts. He also sent me a copy of your letter to him of 2 April 1936.
Replies to these letters have been somewhat delayed, owing to my continued absence from New South Wales. I am, however, very grateful for the information you have sent me, as it appears to go some way in clearing up the missing information regarding the various members of my family who were resident in St Kitts. It seems clear from what you have told me, that the Julius family resident in Northern N.S.W. and which came from St Kitts, must be descended from William, the younger brother of Charles James Fox Julius.
I much appreciate the trouble that you took in the matter, and also the Church authorities in searching the records, and I am very glad indeed to fall in with your suggestion that I shall send an honorarium to the church, in recognition of their help in the matter. I therefore have pleasure in enclosing here with a money order for the sum of L5. In this connection, I have not the faintest idea regarding the scale of fees usually charged for such work, and would be grateful for information on the subject from you, particularly as I am now anxious to have a further search made.
In my reply to His Honour the Administrator, I have informed him that I am writing you direct on the matter, as apparently in your position as Chairman of the Historic Sites and Records Committee you are the one whom I should approach on the matter.
I am now anxious to fill in the last gap in my enquiries regarding the descendants of William Julius, son of Richard Julius and his wife, born 6 July 1800. I am anxious to link them up with the William Warner Julius, who came to Australia from St Kitts somewhere about 1862. William Warner Julius was the son of Edward Julius, and his wife's maiden name was Margaret Warner.
I understand that the William Warner Julius who came to Australia and founded the family resident now in Northern New South Wales had at least one, if not more brothers, who, so far as I can learn, remained in St Kitts. I should judge that William Warner Julius in 1860 or thereabouts was a man in the early twenties. His father Edward Julius, was probably therefore a son of the William Julius who was born in St Kitts on 6 July 1800.
What I would like to get, therefore, would be a further record of William's life that is to say, the name of his wife, when they were married, and some particulars as to who his wife was, and the records of their descendants. So far as the descendants of William Warner Julius, who came to Australia, are concerned, I can obtain information here, but I am anxious to establish the link between him and William Julius, and particularly regarding his relations in St Kitts.
I would be interested to know whether there are any Julius's now resident in St Kitts; as stated above, I know that the William Warner Julius who came to Australia had at least one brother who was resident, so far as I can gather, in St Kitts. There may have been other brothers, and possibly also sisters.
As so often happens the family now living in Northern New South Wales seem to have lost all record of their relations in St Kitts, and I can obtain very little information from them regarding their family. The member of the family that I know best is Edward Julius, a man now of about 65 years who is the son of William Warner Julius, and who told me that he remembers his father mentioning that he had a great uncle named Charles James Fox Julius. If that was a case then William Warner Julius who came to Australia in 1862 must have been a grandson of William Julius who was born in St Kitts in July 1800. Edward Julius told me that his mother's maiden name was Margaret Warner and that she came from the same family as the Warner who is so well known in cricket circles in England. I believe the name Warner is also one that has been closely identified with the history of St Kitts.
Again thank you for the help that you have already given, and apologising for still further worrying you.
I am,
Yours sincerely,

G.H. King Esq.,
Chairman, Historic Sites and Records Committee,
St Kitts. West Indies.
1 Dec 1937.

My dear Mr King,
I have to acknowledge your kindly note of 14 June unfortunately, mails between Australia and the West Indies are very infrequent, and letters take an unconscionable time en route.
I am sorry that you have so far been unable to obtain any further records of the Julius family in St Kitts. I cannot quite understand it, because undoubtedly a Julius came to Australia from St Kitts about the 1860s, or perhaps a little earlier and I know also that he left relations in St Kitts, a brother at least. Somewhere or other, therefore in some of the parish records, there should be mention of the birth of the various members of that family.
I have worried you a great deal in this matter, but the only link that I am now trying to establish is that between William, son of Richard Julius and his wife born on 6 July 1800, and the William Warner Julius who came to New South Wales somewhere around and about 1860, and who was married to Margaret Warner.
I also have a record of a Miss Sarah Julius, who died in June 1907. This record is an extract from the St Kitts "Advertiser" of 25th of June, 1907. She died on the . . . June in the Cunningham Hospital, having died a pauper, or very nearly so. She was 70 years old, having been born in 1837 and was a daughter of Charles James Fox Julius, to whom you refer also in your letter of 2 April 1936.
The extract from the St Kitts "Advertiser" gives quite a lot of information regarding various members of the Julius family who were resident in St Kitts. The William Julius of whom you sent me a record as having been born on 6 July 1800, would have been an uncle of the Sarah Julius who died in 1907 there should therefore be somewhere a record of the birth of any children to William Julius.
I notice in the "Advertiser" extract that Miss Sarah Julius was buried in the Morovian Church.
Once I can get that one link between William Julius, born in July 1800, and Edward Warner Julius (who I think must have been his grandson) who came to Australia in about 1860, then I have the whole story complete.
Many thanks for the photograph showing said Thomas Warner tomb. The connection with our family is a very remote one, being only through the Edward Warner Julius who came to Australia in 1860 as his mother was a Warner.
I do not want to abandon my attempt to complete these records without just this last effort to see whether somewhere amongst the various parishes in St Kitts there may not be records of the link I am trying to establish. I can get here the story of Edward Warner Julius's descendants, who are all in Australia, but I know nothing of the brother of his who was said to have remained in St Kitts. Apparently the name has died out now in your part of the world, although there are a great many of the family in Australia and New Zealand.
Yours sincerely

The Julius Tote.
As mentioned George was an active inventor as was his father, but to understand the international significance of his invention of the automatic totalisator one must visit the magnificent work by Brian Conlon who has traced its fascinating history and operation from its start.

From Time Magazine
His electric totalisator transformed the culture of gambling, helping to bring a popular passion and its vast revenues under state control
Posted Wednesday, Nov. 03, 1999
On the first Tuesday in November, some of the world's most expensive horses will thunder down the Flemington straight in the final Melbourne Cup of the 20th century. Minutes later, even before the last horse has passed the post, state totalisators will have added up all the bets--last year they totaled more than $A110 million--and flashed up winners' dividends.
The automatic totalisator was invented by George Julius, a sometime locomotive engineer and the son of an anti-gambling bishop. It transformed racetrack betting worldwide. For unlike the bookmaker, who must set accurate odds to survive, the tote adds together all bets, deducts operators' percentages, and distributes the balance as winnings: it can't lose. Today many bookies are struggling, while totalisators are at the heart of vast state-backed businesses which harness the popular love of punting to help fill government coffers.
Julius was an unlikely catalyst for the gambling industry. His father, Churchill, arrived in Australia as Anglican archdeacon of Ballarat in 1884, when George was 11. Six years later he moved to New Zealand as bishop of Christchurch, where he earned a reputation as a fierce opponent of gambling. Churchill Julius liked to invent things--among them an automatic tea maker--and his son took after him. After graduating in mechanical engineering from New Zealand's Canterbury College, George went to Western Australia as a railway engineer. In his spare time he built a remarkably accurate vote-counting machine, which was promptly rejected by local politicians.
It was in Sydney, where Julius settled in 1908, that he was taken to his first race meeting. Struck by the eagerness of punters betting against primitive "jam-tin totes" (in which betting slips were placed in tins bearing the horses' names), he speedily converted his voting machine into an automatic totalizator. The first commercial model--a room-sized contraption of whirring wheels, pulleys and bicycle chains--was installed at Auckland's Ellerslie racecourse in 1913. Western Australian trotting tracks adopted the Julius tote in 1916.
Within a year, Julius had founded a company and converted his machines to run on electricity. He later adapted them to display changing odds and dividends and to accept doubles and place bets. By the late 1920s, the "Julius apparatus" had largely replaced the "pari-mutuel" (named for Paris, the city where the first crude totes appeared) at race tracks around the world. Julius himself supervised the installation of one of his totalisator's at Paris' famous Longchamp racecourse in 1926.
With the Depression looming, electric totes were also introduced at Melbourne racetracks. Here they allowed women, long excluded from the bookies' betting ring, to wager openly. The Julius tote at Flemington took its first bets on the Melbourne Cup in 1931, when 3-1 favourite Phar Lap struggled into eighth place.
On Julius' death, a Mrs. Ekberg wrote to the Melbourne Herald, claiming that her father-in-law, a Swedish-born doctor who had practiced in Canterbury, New Zealand, had invented an automatic tote. Julius never denied that others had preceded him. But he pointed out, correctly, that his electric machine was the first commercially viable one: only it was speedy enough to handle thousands of bets between races.
By the 1960s, the tote was no longer confined to the track but had expanded, in New Zealand and Australia, into a network of off-course betting agencies run by government-controlled Totalisator Agency Boards, or TABs. Today the tote is computerized and many TABs have become private companies, with boutique outlets where patrons can play gaming machines and punt on a variety of sports.
Streamlining the business of betting wasn't Julius' only interest. A tireless champion of applied science and scientific education, he took time out from running his company to serve as founding chairman of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, which became the CSIRO, and as president of the Australian National Research Council.
The egalitarian Julius, who counted building model railways among his hobbies, always referred to himself as a "simple plumber." In his many newspaper articles, he insisted that practical scientists could find solutions to all kinds of social and environmental problems, from prickly pear infestations to unemployment. Yet it was in the irrational world of gambling, driven by greed and haunted by superstition, that this rigorously rational man made his greatest impact.

Chris McConville is a senior lecturer in Australian Studies at the University of the Sunshine Coast. He is writing a book about the cultural politics of gambling in Australia From the Oct. 25, 1999 issue of TIME magazine

For more on the Julius Tote.

LONDON, Saturday.
The "Morning Post " states that a syndicate has purchased the rights of the Australian Julius Totalisator, for a sum
in excess of six figures.
Ref: Daily Examiner (Grafton, NSW) Mon 30 Jul 1928

The Times Thursday 22 May 1930, ran a large article headed:
Totalisators Limited
History and Position of the Company
The Julius Machine
Effects of Stock Exchange Action
Attitude of the Betting Control Board
Major Cape's Review
The first ordinary general meeting of totaliser it is limited was held on Monday at Canon Street hotel London EC. . . . .
(The article reports on the history and finances of the Company then:)
Patents of Julius Machine Obtained
Realising that a company such as Totalisators Limited without any machine at all would not have much chance of being employed it was decided to obtain, if possible, the patent rights in this country of the best machine in existence. After careful consideration the Julius machine was found to be undoubtedly the best in use. Some of the then directors went to Paris towards the end of March 1928, and negotiations were entered into for the purchase of the patent rights of the Julius totalisator from Automatic Totalisators, Ltd, of Australia, whose representative was then in Paris, where their largest and latest machine had just been installed.
On April 11th 1928 negotiations were finally concluded, as the following copy of cable handed to one of your then directors by the vendors agent indicates:
"We will accept offer for rights Great Britain and Ireland L.100,000 together with half % royalty, annual minimum royalty L.2000; L.10,000 to be lodged escrow upon signing contract, balance of L.90,000 to be paid immediately Totalisator Bill enacted. . . . . . The matter must be finalised this week as we have other offers"
Five days later on April 16, 1928 the heads of agreement with the van door company were initialled by the respective solicitors. . . . .
However having obtained the rights to the Julius totalisator in Britain Totalisators Limited ran into considerable political and vested interests from the Betting Control Board and the Jockey Club who at the time of this meeting were actively excluding the Company from supplying the Julius tote at horse racing tracks in the spite of its enormous success at Longchamps in France.
The researcher is unsure whether this company survived, the Julius tote was first installed at dog racing tracks in Britian in the 1930's.

NZ Card Index
Auckland Library
JONES, Edward O.
Discusses Sir George Julius and the totalizator he helped to install in 1918 - machine is being given to MOTATp. 143 ASB. October 1964-

5 April 2009
Powerhouse Museum Sydney
Jewel: George Julius and his Totalisator Model
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Working model of an automatic totalisator
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Today we're at the Powerhouse Museum in Sydney with Matthew Connell, the curator of Computing and Mathematics. His Jewel is not so much an artwork as it is an invention.
It looks like an old-fashioned, ornate, carved wooden cabinet, the sort for displaying your best crystal, except that inside this cabinet there's a gloriously complicated machine with shiny brass knobs. It was built in 1914 and it's the world's first successful totalisator model. It was invented and marketed by Sir George Julius, who was actually trying to make a vote-counting machine, but found there was much more interest at the time in develping a machine to calculate the odds on horse races.
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Amanda Smith: Today we're at the Powerhouse Museum in Sydney with Matthew Connell who is the curator there of computing and mathematics, and his 'jewel' is not so much an artwork as a wonderful object and a world-first totally Australian invention. It looks like a small old-fashioned carved wooden cabinet, the kind you'd display your best crystal in, except inside this cabinet there's a gloriously complicated machine with shiny brass knobs. It was built in 1914 and it has a very specific purpose. To find out what it is we have to go down into the basement storage area of the Powerhouse Museum where we're surrounded by rows and rows of storage shelves. Here's Matthew Connell.
Matthew Connell: We're walking down this main aisle here, down the middle, and instead of going into the cages I want to draw your attention to these shelves over here on the right where we keep some of the larger items that don't fit into the compactors, and if you look down here to the bottom shelf you will see this beautiful item here which, to my mind, is one of the great treasures of the Powerhouse Museum.
It's the proof of concept model and the prototype of the first successful, fully automatic totalisator machine that was ever built. Totalisators aren't used often these days. It does refer to a machine and it refers to a system. I think the system is actually known as the pari-mutuel system and it's a system for betting. People don't usually see the word spelled out, but it's the T from TAB, the Totalisator Agency Betting. So the totalisator betting is an alternative form of betting to betting with a bookmaker. It was invented in the 1870s by a Frenchman, Joseph Oller, and he wanted to design a system of betting that excluded bookmakers. For some reason he took a dim view to bookmakers.
There were a number of devices that were devised to help with the tote system. Variously 'jam tin totes' they called them, where you would throw a marble into a tin for a given horse, but usually that was run by an army of clerks using blackboards, and it inevitably got behind, which meant that the payouts weren't determined by the end of the race. So sometimes they'd hold up the horse race, which annoyed people who hadn't been in that race. But if you ran the next race without having determined the payout for the previous race, you committed the cardinal sin which was not making a punter's winnings available to bet on the next race.
There was a bit of a race on actually to come up with a device like this. At the same time as people were coming up with systems to administer tote betting, there were quite a lot of machines and systems being organised for a number of. . . . .I suppose you'd call them information technologies. And the other one that if you looked at the patent records you see machines or devices for tote betting, and you also see devices for vote counting at the end of the 19th century, early 20th century.
The person who designed this machine, George Julius, he maintains that he was actually trying to design a vote counting machine when he came up with this mechanism, it's just that no government was interested in his vote counting machine. A friend of his, he said, told him about this other issue, this tote betting. Julius was actually the son of a bishop and maintains that he'd never been to the track before, but he went along and saw that the vote counting and tote betting were almost essentially the same thing, and so he adapted his machine to tote betting instead.
This beautiful model, it's done in brass and steel and it has a beautiful wood and glass case. No effort has been spared in making it beautiful. It's a lovely piece of precision machining. It would have to be in order to operate as effectively as it does. But it's also an object of desire. You can tell by the decoration that's gone into that timber frame that he wanted people to be impressed with it, because he took that around the world with him to find customers for his system.
He started building that. . . . .George Julius was a young engineer. . . . .he'd been working in Western Australia as a railway engineer, came to Sydney to work actually with a timber company, and he was building this model in his back shed in Woollahra between 1907 and 1912, that's when he completed this machine.
I always just like the idea that the tote was Australia's contribution to computing but I never really suspected that there was any direct link between the tote and developments in computing. But in 1996 there was an anniversary celebration for CSIRAC, Australia's first computer which is now in Melbourne at the Melbourne Museum, and we discovered, after bringing together a lot of the pioneers for the development of that machine, that David Myers who had established the Mathematical Instrument Section at CSIRO that has built this digital computer CSIRAC was in fact still alive. He was a very elderly man.
An historian from Melbourne, Doug McCann, went to visit him and interviewed him and asked him about his life, and he told Doug that when he was a 14-year-old schoolboy he'd attended a lecture by Sir George Julius, and Sir George Julius had demonstrated a machine, a small calculating machine, this machine in fact. And David Myers said he was so impressed by the lecture by Sir George that he left the lecture having decided to devote his life to research and development in calculation and computing.
I think he was well off, he was Sir George Julius by the time. . . . .by 1929 he was knighted. He established an engineering consultancy called Julius, Poole & Gibson, which was the longest-running private consulting engineer company in Australia. He was the first chairman of the CSIR, so he helped to establish the CSIRO. He was a foundation president, I believe, of the Institution of Engineers, so he's a very prominent figure in engineering and science in Australia during the 20th century.
Amanda Smith: Yes, other countries invent pneumatic tyres, the Spinning Jenny, the hydrogen bomb, and we invent a machine for betting on the gee-gees. Matthew Connell is one of the principal curators at the Powerhouse Museum in Sydney, and his favourite object, Sir George Julius' 1914 totalisator model, the world's first successful tote machine. It could have been used for counting votes but we had a much better use for it.

Other Records

1. Census: England, 3 Apr 1881, 44 Milner Sq Islington London. George is described as a son aged 7 a scholar born Norwich Norfolk

George married Eva Drongsia Odierna O'CONNOR [578], daughter of Charles Yelverton O'CONNOR C M G [1497] and Susan Laetitia NESS [12772], on 7 Dec 1898 in St John Freemantle W.A. Eva was born in 1878 and died on 5 Jul 1972 in Wahroonga NSW AUS at age 94.

General Notes:
Jenifer Shellshear remembers her Grandmother as a regal figure, active in public service, including a term as State Commissioner for Girl Guides.

In the presence of a large assemblage of friends, the marriage of Mr. George A. Julius, eldest son of Dr. Julius, Bishop of Christchurch, New Zealand, and Miss Eva O'Connor, third daughter of Mr. C. Y. O'Connor, C.M.G., was celebrated yesterday at St. John's Church, Fremantle. The Bishop of Perth officiated, assisted by Archdeacon Watkins and the Rev. D. J. Garland. The altar was prettily decorated by the girl friends of the bride. The service was partly choral Mr C. W. Randle, who presided at the organ, rendered a charming selection of music, and played the "Wedding March" as the party left the church. The bride, who was given away by her father, wore a bridal gown of rich ivory white duchesse satin, with transparent yoke and sleeves of rucked chiffon. The full bodice was trimmed with diagonal ruchings of chiffon and spray of orange blossom, and finished off round the waist with white satin ribbon, tied in a large bow at the left side. Tha front of the skirt was trimmed Avith ruches of chiffon, and a loug court train hung from tha left shoulder. A tulle veil was prettily arranged, over a coronet of orange blossom. Her ornaments wore an opal and diamond necklace, the gift of the bridegroom. She carried a lovely shower bouquot of tuber roses, white carnations, and asparagus fern. The bridesmaids were Miss O'Connor, Miss Dolly Russell, Miss Biddy O'Connor, and Miss Reina Bell. The two first were dressed in finely embroidered white Irish lawn gowns. The full bodices were tucked and trimmed with Valenciennes insertion and embroidery, and finished with white ribbon and chiffon : sashes of white moire with chiffon ends. Their hats were of blue satin straw, with chiffon, forget-me-nots, ivy, and blue ribbon, turned up at one side, with clusters af blue flowers resting on the hair. They carried pretty bouquets of white, pink, and deep red carnations, with long streamers of ribbon in the same colours. The bridegroom's gift to each was a gold chain with heart attached, set with turquoise and pearls. The two younger bridesmaids were daintily frocked in white muslin, finished with Valenciennes frills, insertion, and pretty white sashes; large white satin straw hats, with white chiffon rosettes and margurites. They carried baskets of pink flowers and ferns, and wore gold lucky-bell bangles, the gifts of the bridegroom. Mr. Lambeth Bowen accompanied the bride-groom as best man.
At the conclusion of the ceremony the guests drove to "Park Bungalow," the residence of the bride's parents, where a very large reception was held, Mrs. O'Connor and the bride and bridegroom received the guests on the verandah, who from thence passed on to see the wedding presents, which were displayed in the sitting-room, and were much admired the locomotive workshops band was in attendance and discoursed an excellent programme of music. Afterwards refresh- ments were served in the dining-room and in the spacious verandahs, which had been enclosed for tlfc occasion. The tables were tastefully arranged with mirrors draped with white silk, and numerous high vases, in which were masses of white flowers, consisting of white sweet pea, roses, carnations, and ferns. The health of tha bride and bridegroom and the other toasts usually honoured on such occasions were druuk. Later in the afternoon tea was lerved, and shortly afterwards Mr. and Mrs. Julius left for Osborne, where the honeymoon is to be spent. Tha bride's going away dress was a fawn shot silk repp, the full bodice trimmed with rose pink silk elaborately tucked, with finishings of white and gold applique; stylish pink straw hat trimmed with pink and green lisse, roses and green leaves. On their return they will reside at "Tambellup Vula" High-street, Fremantle.
The Guests.
Those who received invitations to the wedding were :-Sir Gerard and Lady Smith and Miss Smith, the Hon. J. G.H. Amherst, Mr. Anstey, the Rev. Basil Arundel, Mr. Ainslie, Colonel and Mrs. Angelo, Mr. Bethell, Mr. H. G. Barker, Captain Bald- win, Mr. and Mrs. Sept. Burt, the Misses Burt, Mr. and Mrs. A. Dillon Bell, Mr. and Mrs. T. Barker, Mr. Lambert Bowen, Dr. and Mra. Birmingham, Mrs. H. C. Barnett, Mr. Napier Bell, N.Z., Miss Bunbury, Captain Beamish, Mr. Mrs., and Miss Bolton, Lady Campbell and the Misses Campbell (Albany). Mr. and Mrs. D. K. Congdon and Miss Congdon, Mr., Mrs., and Miss Cooke, Mrs. W. and Miss Clifton, Mr. Calder, Mr. and Mrs. R. B. Campbell, Mr. Mrs., and Miss Church, Mr. and Mrs. Draper, Mr. and Mrs. C. E. and the Misses Dempster, Mr. and Mrs. Dartnell, Mr. and Mrs. Dobbs. Miss Denny, Mr. and Mrs. R, Day, Mr. Delohery, Mr. and Mrs. John Davis, Mr. Eales, Dr. and Mrs. Elgee, Mr. Mrs. and Miss L. S. Eliot, Sir John and Lady Forrest, Mr. and Mrs. Ferguson, Mr. R. Fairbairn, Mr. and Mrs J. Finnerty (Coolgardie), Mr. and the Misses Finnerty, Mr. and Mrs. Faulkner, Mr. and Mrs. D. G. Gawler, Mrs. Gale, Mr. and Mrs. W. Gale, Mr. and Miss Gordon, Miss Gillholy, Mr. and Mrs. D. G. Goodsir, the Rev. D. and Mrs. Garland, Mr. and Mrs. Harper, Mr. and Mrs. Hodgson, Mr. Mrs. and the Misses Hooley, Mrs. and Miss Heuston, Mr. Hickling, Mr. Mrs. and Miss Hammond, the Rev. R. and Mrs. Hanlin, Mr. and Mrs. Hodge, Mr. R. Higginson, Mr. Hamilton, Dr. and Mrs. J. W. Hope, Mr. J. W. Hackett, Captain Haig, Captain and Mrs. Irvine, Mr. J. C. H. James, Miss Jackson, Miss Jeston, Mr. and Mrs. Jull, Mr. and Mrs. Jenkins, Mr. Jobson, Mr. C. Jackson. Mr. Keane, Mr., Mrs. and Miss Kidsgn, Mr. Kenrick (Coolgardie), Mr. and Mrs. W. T. Loton, Mr. and Mrs. W. Leake, Mr. Learmonth, Mr. H. I. Lefroy. Mr. J, Mrs. and the Misses Lilly, Mr. J. Ley, Mr. and Mrs. Lodge, Dr. and Mrs. Lotz, Mr. A. aud Mrs. Leeds, Mr. and Mrs. McCaughan (Melbourne), Mr. and Mrs. W. D. Moore, Miss Moore and the Misses Moore, Mr. F. Moore, Mr. and Mrs. J. Moore (Coolgardie), Mr. and Mrs. Morgans, Mr. and Mrs. Muir, Mr. and Mrs. Clayton Mason, Miss McKay, Mr., Mrs. and Miss Miller, Mr. and Mrs. C. Matthews, Mrs. and the Misses Marmion, Mr. W. Marmion, Mr. and Mrs. St. John Matthews, Mrs. F. W. Martin, the Misses Manning, Mr. A. Manning, Mr. and Mrs. Matheson, Mr. Marsden, Mr. Mr. and Mrs. F. D. North, Mr. D. B. Ord, Mr. Oldham, Mr. and Mrs. Owen, Dr. O'Meara, Sir Alex, and Lady Onslow and the Misses Onslow, Mr. S. H. Parker, Mr. and Mrs. Poole, Mr. W. M. and Mrs. Purkiss, Mr. J. and Mrs. Percy, Mr. and Mrs. Pennefather, Miss Pennefather, Mr. and Mrs. Palmer, Mr. and Mrs. Piesse, Mr. and Mrs. Price, Mr. and Mrs. G. Price (Kalgoorlie), Mrs. A. G. S. and Miss Price, tha Messrs. Price, Mr. and Mrs. Preston, Mr. and Mrs. G. Paterson (Pinjarrah), Mr. T. M. and Mrs. Quinn, Mr. C. W. Randel, Mr. G. Randell, Mr. and Mrs. Roe, Mr. Rosman, Bishop and Mrs. Riley, Captain and Mrs. and the Misses Russell, Mr. and Mrs. Royce, Mr. A. R. and Mrs. Richardson,Mr.andMrs. J. E.Richard- son, Mr. A. and Mrs. Sandover, Mr. Dean Smith, Sir George Shenton and the Misses Shenton, Mr. and Mrs. Solomon, Dr. and Mrs. Stewart, Mrs. Salter, Mr. E. Salter, Mr. Sayer, Mr. and Mrs. W. Sam- son, Mr. F. Stevens, Mr. R. Skinner, Sir James and Lady Lse-Steere and the Misses Lee-Steero, Mr. and Mrs. C. Lee Steere, Mr. Scott, Mr. Stafford (Coolgardie), Dr. Scheidel (Coolgardie), Mr. and Mrs. Throssell, Mr. and Mrs. J. Thompson, Mr. and Mrs. Alpin Thomson, Miss Taylor (Albany), Mr. H. W. Venn, Dr. and Mrs. AVaylen, Archdeacon and Mrs. and Miss Watkins and Miss Absolon, Mr. Watson Williams, Mr. Sydney Wright, Mr. H. Wright, Mr., Mrs., and Miss Wright (Albany), Mr. Webster, Dr. A. T. and Mrs. White, Mrs. Waldeck, Mrs. and Miss Whitfield, Mr. and Mrs. Whitfield.
The Dresses.
The costumes worn were extremely attractive. Among them may be men- tioned : Mrs. C. Y. O'Connor, a handsome black brocade, the bodica adorned Avith jet and pleated vest of white chiffon ; the collar and sleeves were finished with ecru lace ; pretty jet and gold lace bonnet with pink roses and black ospreys. Mrs. C. Y. Simpson (bride's sister), stylish gown of cream grenadine with green silk stripe over primrose yellow silk, trimmed with lace, cream silk sash tied at the side and falling in long ends ; cream hat with green and cream tulle and feathers. Lady Smith wore white surah with trimmings of cream lace and black ribbon and hand- some black sash ; a black and white chip bonnet with white tuile, black velvet ribbon, jet wings and pink roses. Lady Forrest, black and white striped silk, adorned with white satin and applique ; black and white toque with white roses ; Mrs. Riley, blue and white silk grown with cream lace ; large black hat Mrs. A. Dillon Bell, black moira skirt, grey silk blouse trimmed with narrow black velvet and grey chiffon; large grey hat. Mrs. F.A.V. Martin, black brocaded satin bodice made with white satin, sailor collar, and vest edged with black applique, sash of black satin and jet buckles ; small jet bonnet, with black and white tulle and ospreys. Mrs. H. J. Cooke, black grenadine over turquoise bluo silk ; blue straw bonnet, with black chiffon and feathers. Mrs. James Lilly, black silk grenadine over black glace silk, the bodice relieved with white satin rovers finished with black applique, with chiffon cravat ; black and white bonnet. Mrs. St. John Matthews, white grenadine, with palo blue silk stripe, made over pale blue glace silk, the bodice with yoke of rucked chiffon and bebe ribbon ; black picture hat with black and white chiffon and pink roses. Mrs. H. Whitfield, fawn gown.trimmed with pink silk and cream applique; cream hat. Miss Lilly, white silk lustre skirt, white surah bodice prettily trimmed with chiffon, moire sash; grey chiffon hat trimmed with bows and white feathers. Miss Alice Lilly, white embroidered muslin with Valenciennes lace, pink ribbon sash, Tuscan straw hat trimmed with feathers, chiffon and pink roses. Miss Price, white muslin over pale green silk trimmed with green ribbon and lace; white picturo hat. Mrs. F. D. North, black and pink striped silk blouse, black moire skirt; black hat with chiffon and 'black plumes. Mrs. S. Burt, black brocade relieved with heliotrope; black net and heliotrope bonnet. Mrs. T. P. Draper, eau de Nil gown with cream ribbon and lace; cream hat with, feathers and magenta roses. Mrs. Clayton Mason, black grenadine over mauve ; large black hat with plumes. Mrs. Watkins, black brocade, handsome black mantle with chiffon frills ; black bonnet, mauve flowers. Mrs. J. M. Ferguson, white and black striped silk; white bonnet, with black velvet ospreys and pink roses. Mrs. James Thompson, fawn, with pink trimmings ; cream hat, with roses and chiffon. Mrs. R. Hanlin, black satin, white on the bodice; jet bonnet. Mrs. D. G. Gawler, cream silk blouse, black skirt ; blue straw hat, with black feathers and jet. Mrs. G. T. Poole, black surah trimmed with black insertion over green silk ; black and green toque, with pink roses. Mrs. Elgee, fawn canvas, with blue satin ribbon and cream lace; pale blue straw hat, with ribbon and pink roses. Mrs. Millar, black satin, with mauve satin trimmings ; black bonnet, with jet and mauve ospreys. Mrs. A. T. White, black grenadine over blue silk, bebe ribbon, and chiffon trimmings ; black hat. Miss Smith, stylish yellow silk gown, the bodice finely tucked and trimmed with yellow insertion aud yellow satin; straw hat, with chiffon and plumes. Misa Russell, white muslin ; large white picture hat. Miss M. Russell, cream silk trimmed with lace; cream hat, with pink roses and ospreys. Miss Finnerty, striped black and white gown; black hat. Mrs. A. G. S. Price, fawn figured bengaline, trimmings ofjuarrow black velvet on the bodice ; jet bonnet and pink roses. Mrs. Birmingham, black and white grenadine over white satin, white satin revers edged with ribbon; large white hat, ribbon and plumes. Mrs. A. Leeds, black silk grenadine trimmed with white satin and jet; blue straw hat, with jet and black feathers. Miss Church, blue spotted muslin, profusely trimmed with insertion and lace; blue hat with blue flowers and pink chiffon. Miss Cook, rose-pink corded silk, trimmings
of olive green surah ; large pink satin straw hat, with chiffon and pink plumes. Miss Whitfield, cream muslin over yellow silk, brown silk collar and sash ; yellow straw hat. Mrs. Capt. Irvine, fawn tailor made gown, white nota silk vest ; white hat. Mrs. Dempster wore a grey costume relieved with black ; black jet bonnet with cream roses. Mrs. Alpin Thomson, black grenadine over pink silk ; large black hat, with feathers. Mrs. Dartnall, black and white checked silk, with velvet trimming ; jet bonnet. Mrs. Royce, green and black-striped silk, black lace mantle; jet bonnet ; Mrs. Richardson, black floral silk; black bonnet with roses. Mrs. Lotz, black silk grenadine over tur- quoise blue silk ; stylish black and blue hat. Mrs. Loton, black satin and white satin and jet ; black and white bonnet. Mrs. Throssell, black brocade with green trimmings ; black bonnet trimmed with green. Mrs. Paterson, black silk with white satin and jet trimmings ; black and white bonnet. Mrs. F. Hodge, white silk ; large white picture hat. Mrs. C. Matthews, yellow silk blouse, lace and ribbon trimmings, black surah skirt ; yellow hat with wings and chiffon. Mrs. Congdon, handsome black floral satin ; bonnet of jet with lace nnd violets. Mrs. Russell, grey striped grenadine, vest of white gathered chiffon, and ribbon ; black bonnet with tiny pink roses. Mrs.F. H.Piesse,blue muslin trimmed with white lace ; blue hat, with black chiffon and feathers. Mrs. R. B. Campbell, black silk skirt with white silk blouse ; white hat, pink roses and feathers. Mrs. J. Moore (Coolgardie), cream silk trimmed with insertion; pink hat, with roses. Mrs, D. J. C. Goodsir, brown canvas, over green silk, with cream lace and green bebe ribbon ; bonnet en suite. Mrs. A. Waylen, black canvas, over terra cotta, jet ornamentations ; black toquo, with gold lace, black ospreys and pink roses. Mrs. J. Price, black and white checkered silk; heliotrope hat. Miss Shenton, white silk, with lace and insertion ; large white hat, white feathers and primroses. Miss Onslow, cream flowered muslin, lace trim- mings ; large white hat. Miss S. Onslow, pink and white striped muslin; white hat, with pink roses. Miss Miller, white coat and skirt ; white sailor hat. Miss Congdon, navy blue costume ; large green and white hat. Miss Jeston, grey and black toilette; toque, with pink flowers. Miss Madge Marmion, grey cashmere, with yoke of white satin covered with deep cream guipure, pale grey ribbon ; pink hat with roses. Miss E. Marmion, while silk blouse, white muslin skirt, with lace and green ribbon; white picturo hat. Miss Gilholy, black silk skirt, primrose yellow silk blouse ; yellow straw hat with black velvet and roses. Miss Gordon, black merveilleux, trimmed with jet and lace ; jet bonnet with violets. Miss Jackson, white muslin over yellow ; gold toque with lace and pink roses. Miss Hooley, white coat and skirt ; white hat with plumes and pink and cream roses. Miss Elsie Hooley, white muslin with green silk trimmings ; hat with white chiffon and pink and red roses. Miss Marmion, white muslin and Valenciennes lace over yellow silk; black hat, coloured 'roses. Miss Miss N. Finnerty, white silk blouse, blaclr skirt; white hat. Miss Absolon, brown floral silk, trimmed with cream lace; pretty cream hat. Miss Ferguson, white gown, and hat with blue trimmings. Miss Olive Manning, salmon pink blouse, with black velvet, fawn skirt ; cream hat, with feathers. Miss Violet Hope, white silk with, yellow sash; large white hat, with ribbon and white feathers. Miss Alice Dartnall, white muslin lace and ribbon; white hat. Miss Sadlier, white over pink, with black trimmings ; pink and black hat. Miss G. Saddlier, blue and white gown, trimmed with white ribbon ; large white hat. Miss Moore, striped grey dross black lace mantle; black bonnet, with red roses. Miss H. Moora, white muslin over pink silk ; white hat, with pink trimming?. Miss D. Bolton, cream dress, with greon ribbon and cream lace trimmings ; cream hat, with chiffon and feathers. Miss Eliot, blue flowered muslin ; blue hat, with chiffon and pink flowers.
The Presents.
The following is a list of the presents : Mr. C. Y. O'Connor, father of the bride, cheque and oil painting ; Sir Johu and Lady Forrest, silver. salt cellars ; Mr. McCaughan (Melbourne), silver tea and coffee service, wifch siller tray to match ; Mrs. F. W. Martin, handsome silver butter dish and knife ; Bishop and Mrs. Julius, chest of silver and cutlery ; Miss Julius and Miss E. Julius, silver mounted lamp; Misses Ella, Ada, and Bertha Julius, silver sugar basin and sifter ; Mr. H. A. Williams, case of fruit and fish knives and forks " Ellen, silk sofa cushion; Mr. F. Stevens, silver cream jug and sugar basin ; " James," Japanese tea set ; M. and P. Fraser, Japanese vases ; Mrs. and Miss Heuston, pair silver-mounted jam dishes; Mr. and Mrs. C. Y. Simpson, household linen ; Miss Ada Julius, silk tray cloth ; Mr. J. P. Lear- month, silver-mountod carver; Mr. and Mrs. Lilly, silver-mounted bread platter; Misses Mabel and Alice Lilly, purse; Mr. and Mrs. Faulkner, silver-mounted cut-glass scent bottle,- Mr. F. Moors, gong; Miss Gordon, edition of Moore's poems ; Mr. and Mrs. Miller, Japanese table; Dr. and Mrs. Lotz, hand- some oak salad bowl; Mrs. Higginson (N.Z.), silver mounted carvers and steel ; Mr. Webster, silver gong ; Dr. and Mrs. Birmingham, silver fruit dish; Dr. O'Meara, silvor serviette rings ; Miss Whitfield and Mr. Bethell, afternoon tea spoons and sugar tongs ; Rev. D. J. and Mrs. Garland, silver butter dish ; Mrs. A. D. Bell, chair ; Miss Reina Bell, pair of vases ; Mr. A. D. Boll, gold brooch ; Mr. and Mr. Church, toilet table set ; Mr. and Mrs. W. D. Moore, tea set ; Mr. Rosman, pair of fish carvers ; Mr. and Mrs. Charles Matthews, handsome Japanese ornamented jar; Mr. and Mrs. R. Day, silver fruit dish ; Captain and Mrs. Irvino, silver mounted butter dish ; Mr BowenandMr.Calder,silversalt-cellars;Mr. and Mrs. Palmer, Dresden China table ornaments; Mr. and Mrs. D. J. C. Goodair, afternoon teaset; Mr. and Mrs. A. G. Leeds, aneroid barometer; locomotive drawing office staff, handsome secretaire; Miss O'Connor and Miss B. O'Connor (sisters of the bride), satin-lined quilt ; Mr. and Mrs. Dobbs, Japanese teasot; Mrs. Sayer, oak salad-bowl ; Dr. and Mrs. Waylen, silver mounted carvers and steel; Mr. and Mrs. Muir, manicuring case ; Mr. Dean Smith, Doulton China table-set; Mr. and Mrs Sandover, picture ; Mrs. and Miss Bolton, cream-jug; Rev. R. and Mrs. Hanlin, after-noon tea-table ; Mrs. and Miss Ferguson, vase ; Miss Absolon, purse ; Mr. and Mrs. Mason, pair of crumb-scoops ; Mr. and Mrs. Loton, silver hot water kettle; Dr. and Mrs. Riley silver jam-spoons and butter knife ; Mr. and Mrs. S. Burt, pair of silver candlesticks ; Mr. and Mrs. E. T. Hooley, silver mounted scent bottle ; Mr. and Mrs. R. B. Campbell, silver entree dish ; Mr. and Mrs. Hodge, Doulton China preserves dish ; Miss Moore, set of lace d'oyleys; the Misses Manning, picture ; Mr. A. Manning, picture ; Miss Jackson, milk jug and sugar basin; Mrs. Salter, gold mounted card case; Mr. and Mrs. C. Lee-Steere, silver cream jug and sugar basin ; Mrs. C. Dempster, coal scuttle sugar basin ; Dr. and Mrs. A. T. White, silver serviette rings and carver rests ; Mr. H. J. Eales, silver cigarette case; Misses Marmion, travelling basket; Mr. Alpin. Thomson, salad bowl; Mr. and Mrs. G. S.Shuffrey, silk lined reallace table cloth ; Mr. and Mrs. W. Gale, silver jam spoon ; Mr. and Mrs. C. H. Hammond, silver cruet; Mrs. G. T. Poole, silver mounted scent bottle ; Mr. J. W. Hackett, silver hot water can ; Captain Baldwin, travelling clock ; Mr. S. H. Parker, silver teaset; Mr. and Miss Hickling, silver hot water can; Mr. and Mrs. T. P. Draper, silver pin tray; Miss Denny, seine d'oyley ; Mr. and Mrs. E. T. Barker, Doulton China vases'; Mr. Oldham, . silver egg stand; Mr. and Mrs. Whitfield, hammock ; Mrs. and Miss Wright, Albany, silver sugar basin and sifter ; Sir George Shenton, silver-backed brushes ; Mr. and Mrs. Dempster, silver sugar scuttle ; Mr. and Mrs. Pattison, edition of Scott's poems ; Mr. and Mrs. Throssell, editions of Cowper's, Scott's, and Longfellow's poems ; Dr. and Mrs. Stewart, silver card tray ; Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Richardson, jam dish; Mr. and Mrs. Gale, clock ; Mr. and Mrs. Elliott, jam dish ; Miss Elliott butter dish; Mr. and Mrs. J. Moore, silver mounted carvers ; Mrs. Waldech, silver pin trays ; Mr. William Jackson, prayer and hymn book ; Commander and Mrs. Russell, pair of silver cruets ; Miss Dolly Russell, silver mounted button hook; Mr. Jobson, afternoon tea table ; Mr. and Mrs. Royce, clock; Mr. and Mrs. H. J. Cooke, fish slice and fork ; Mr. and Mrs. Preston, butter knife, jam spoon and pickle fork ; Mr. and Mrs. W. W. Dartnall, set of jam and butter spoons; Miss Dartnall, oil painting; Mr. Scott, hall brush, rack and mirror; Mr. and Mrs. James Price, pair of engravings, Mrs., Miss and the Messrs. Price, silver biscuit barrel; Mr. and Mrs. Piesse, handsome silver gong; Mr. and Mrs. Gawler, lamp ; Mr. Cyril Jackson, picture; Mr. and Mrs. Pennefather, silver mounted salt cellars ; Miss McKay, chair worked and carved by giver; Mr. Sadlier, cake dish; Miss Sadlier, pair of vases ; Mr. and Mrs. Congdon, claret cup jug; Miss Congdon, silver jam spoon and sugar spoon; Mrs. Marmion and Mr. W. Marmion, picture ; Mr. Fair- bairn, sugar tongs and sifter ; Mr. and Mrs. T. M. Quinn, pair of silver candle sticks ; Mr. F. O'Connor, dessert service ; Mr. and Mrs. J. Thompson, fruit spoons, sugar sifters and nut crackers.
The West Australian Thurs 8 Dec 1898
(not corrected 2011)

Australian Electoral Rolls 1906 Fremantle Adelaide St. Eva was recorded; home duties Bateman St.

An Interesting Personality.
Modestly admitting to Truth that her husband's elevation to knightdom was 'a one-man affair' which she had not helped earn the chatelaine of "Chollerton" wife of Sir Ceorge Julius, gave a striking unconscious glimpse of her fine charm and disarming simplicity during the interview at her home last week.
Lady Julius is a tall woman, with lovely while hair, a young face, possessed of gentle. dignified manner, and a soft voice. Naturally, she is averse to publicity. Formerly Miss Eva O'Connor, of New Zealand, engineering is in her blood, her father being a noted engineer. The family spent many years in Western Australia, where Mr. O'Connor successfully undertook to the water at the famous goldfields (sic).
Lady Julius plays tennis and croquet but her chief interest outside her home is the Newtown free kindergarten.
Indeed, any of the problems attendant on the welfare of babies and children are sure to find a sympathetic and helpful hearing. 'Chollerton' itself is an utterly charming home. Built about seventy years ago, it has been altered just enough to comply with modern ideas of comfort. Built on the hillside, it looks out on the harbor, over cool, green lawns and trees. There is not only a well in the garden, so deep that it has never been plumbed, but there is treasure reputed to be buried some where in the vicinity. The property next door was known as "Malcolm's Folly," and was built by smugglers. What a small boy's paradise!
The harbor waters at one time came up to the house, and the ships sailed right in and took aboard fresh water from the unplnmbed depths of the well. The front entrance is delightful, A large glass door, faintly golden, with green wood work opens on to a most unususl entrance hall, two flights of stairs lead downward - the joy. of artists and the despair of house maids.
The whole house spells peace and softness and comfort, and makes just the right setting for the lady with the flower-blue eyes, whose home it is.
Ref: Truth (Sydney, NSW) Sunday 10 March 1929

THERE is an Interesting story attaching to the home of Sir George and Lady Julius, at 93 Yarranabbe-road. Before they took possession it was known as Malcolm's Folly, as it was built by an old sea captain over 80 years ago to represent as nearly as possible a ship on land. The top storey, or "upper deck," was built on a level with Yarranabbe-road, and each lower floor was meant to convey the idea of lower decks. The upper deck was however, removed when its present owners took charge. They also made great improvements in the grounds, which were merely a sandy waste with an odd peppercorn tree here and there. To day winding paths lead through a cool, refreshing rock garden to the lower garden, where an ever running spring trickles down among the ferns and creepers. Shadow traceries are made by the sunshine through the tall palm trees, and a huge Port Jackson figtree spreads shady arms over the lawns and sandy beach. From this garden a bridgeway leads over the swimming pool to the landing steps, where the launches from Circular Quay will arrive, The home has its own tiny beach and pool. The model city, which was built by Sir George Julius when his boys were small, was designed for their amusement and instruction, and has since proved a delight to many hundreds of other children who have seen it. By the manipulation of dozens of switches, electric trains, soldiers and horses, a ferry on a mirror lake, the Kandra cement works, signals, and scores of other little contraptions are brought to life, and present a scene of the greatest animation. The mannequin parade will be held on an adjoining tennis court which Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Phipps have lent. The court is ideally suited for the purpose, and has a garden gateway leading into Lady Julius's garden.
Ref: The Sun (Sydney, NSW) Sun 22 Oct 1933

Wife of the well-known scientist, Sir George Julius, whose name became a household word many years ago through his clever invention of the totalhator, is also mother of three sons, now grown up. Both Sir George and Lady Julius hail from New Zealand, where Sir George's father, Bishop Julius, was the Primate of the Islands of the South for many years. About fifteen years ugo. Lady Julius took up kindergarten work, "as I had finished my own personal kindergarten at home," she explained, and joined the Newtown Free Kindergarten, one of the earliest of the kindergartens. The president then was Miss Margaret Harris. Always interested in children, Lady Julius soon joined up in the work of the crippled children movement and at present her dream of an after treatment home is about lo be realised and will doubtless prove a boon to the afflicted children. Curative work in connection with these children has often been sadly handicapped through lack of some such home which will gtve the organisers much greater scope in effecting improvements and cures of their tittle patients. The Sydney Day Nurseries are further interests of this philanthropic woman, who also finds time in her busy life for the Girl Guide Movement. Lady Julius's home In Yaranabbe road Darling Point, is a popular rendezvous for fete organisers, who always find Sir George Julius's scenic railway, built during the adolescence of his sons as a practical hobby for them, a most lucrative proposition, as this railway, a clever engineering effort, has become far-famed and hundreds of people are always eager to Inspect it. Needless to say. Lady Julius's pet charities are nearly always the beneficiaries. Lady Julius is herself one of Sydney's most soignee matrons, is always fashionably dressed and in excellent taste. Is quite a good speaker, though inherently modest, and one of the most feminine or our feminists, this latter word being used In its most flattering sense. Is extremely popular among a large circle of cultured friends.
Ref: The Sun (Sydney, NSW) Sun 10 May 1936

Lady Julius, wife of the brilliant scientist and daughter of the great engineer, the late C. Y. O'Connor whose monuments are the Fremantle Harbor Works, the Kalgoolie Water Scheme and Mundaring Weir, is on a visit to her sister, Mrs. Ernest Lee Steere. She had hoped to be here for the Guides' celebrations, but was delayed by ill health in Adelaide. Lady Julius is one of the leaders in the great scheme to aid crippled children in New South Wales. She is a lady well versed in science, art and literature.
Ref: Mirror Perth, WA Saturday 3 October 1936

In Honor Of Lady Julius
Lady Julius, accompanied by her husband, Sir George Julius, chairman of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, arrived by the express from Melbourne yesterday to attend the Women's Centennial Congress and the Kindergarten Union Conference celebrations this week. Several fixtures were given in her honor during the day. At a luncheon at the University. Lady Julius was entertained by the president of the Adelaide University Staff Wives' Club (Lady Mawson) and several members were present. Afterwards Lady Julius was shown over a number of the University buildings. A late afternoon party was given in honor of Sir George Julius and Lady Julius at Urrbrae, where Professor and Mrs. A. E. V. Richardson entertained about 140 guests, who comprised Government officials, leaders in science and industry, professors and members of the University of Adelaide, and their womenfolk. In the evening. Lady Julius was a guest at the Women's Centennial Congrrss reception to delegates at the Town Hall. Lady Julius will fulfil many important ehgngements before she leaves by the East-West express for Perth on Friday.
Ref: The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : Tuesday 15 September 1936

Lady Julius Enrolled.
To succeed Lady David, who has been State Commissioner of Girl Guides in New South Wales for the past ten years, Lady Julius was enrolled in that office yesterday at Government House by Lady Wakehurst, who is president of the Girl Guides' Association.
Lady Julius has been a member of the executive of the association for some years, and is keenly interested in its activities. The resignation of Lady David was received by the council with very sincere regret, and, although she is unable to take any active part in the work of the association, she still maintains a keen interest in its activities.
To be present at the Scout Jamboree, which opens in Sydney on December 29, and to take part in the march past on Guides Day, January 7, many girl guides from the other States are expected to arrive in Sydney within the next few days. There will be a party of 26 from Victoria, and there will be more than 120 rangers from various parts of New South Wales and from other States,
Ref: The Sydney Morning Herald NSW Tuesday 20 December 1938

Women's News
Lady Julius Chosen
Lady Julius was announced as the winner of the Y.W.C.A. National Shilling Drive Popular Grandmother competition at a recital by Dorothy Helmrich, held at the Conservatorium last night.
The total amount raised by the 146,748 shilling votes in the competition is 7,337/5/3.
Lady Julius and Lady Gordon, who was defeated by 292 shilling votes, were in the audience, and the former confessed to being extremely surprised by her success.
The voting, which was announced by the chairman of the appeal committee, Mr. O. D. A. Oberg, was as follows: Lady Julius, 37,482 votes (L1,874); Lady Gordon, 37,190 votes (L1,859/10/); Lady Reading, 15,118 votes (755/17/); . . . . .
Among those present at the recital, for which Lady Gordon was the president of the committee, were the president of the Y.W.C.A., Lady Butters, and representatives of the women's services, including the director of the W.A.A.A.F., Group-Officer Clare Stevenson.
Ref: The Sydney Morning Herald NSW : Tuesday 20 October 1942

The Duchess of Gloucester will present the award of the Silver Fish to the Chief Commissioner, New South Wales, of the Girl Guides' Association, Lady Julius, at a special ceremony to be held at Glengarry, Turramurra, on September 15.
It is the highest award for service to the Guide movement, and Lady Julius is the fourth to receive it in New South Wales. ,
The Duchess is federal president of the Girl Guides' Association in Australia.
The wife of the Governor, Mrs. John Northcott, has accepted the position as State president of the
Ref: The Sydney Morning Herald NSW :Tuesday 27 August 1946

LADY JULIUS Visits Albion Park
The local company of Girl Guides appreciated the visit of the State Chief Commissioner, Lady Julius, on Saturday, 24th April. Lady Julius, who was accompanied by Mrs. Dorsch from Headquarters, arrived at about 11.30 a.m. and was met by the Guides in charge of Miss A. Thickett. After lunch, the Mayor (Ald. K. Grey) welcomed Lady Julius and Mrs. Dorsch to the district and with him were Mrs. A. S. Hoskins, Divisional Commannder, of N.S.W., Miss Pritchard, District Commissioner and representatives from all local organisations. In the course of his remarks the Mayor spoke of the advantage the visit of Lady Julius was to local Guides and of the local interest it focussed on the movement. To Miss Pritchard, the Mayor paid tribute for her kindness to and interest in the Albion Park girls and felt sure that Miss Pritchard must feel happy because of their successful year. Mrs. McKinnon supported the Mayor and on behalf of the Executive Committee thanked Lady Julius for coming along. Lady Julius said she was especially pleased to see so many men on the committee. Mentioning how important Guiding is now and that its training was an excellent foundation for young people, Lady Julius exhorted all parents to take a keen interest in the movement and to help their daughters to join. Lady Julius told how the Guide Laws taught loyalty to God, King and Country and to respect the law. It had been formed through six girls attending a Scout Rally and had progressed so much that during the war, the girls had been able to give valuable help. Lady Julius finally spoke of the fine work done by Miss Pritchard, and Miss Thickett and appealed for more leaders to help build up the movement. Mrs. Dorsch told of the work done by correspondence for the Lone Guides, Crippled, Deaf, Dumb and Blind children, and in reformatories, where many fine results have been attained. She spoke of the gift shops now established in Eastwood and Parramatta and which were raising nearly L1000 a year to help the movement. Mrs. Dorsch appealed for gifts for the shops and said that wool would be provided to those willing to make it into suitable articles for sale.
Ref: Kiama Independent NSW Saturday 8 May 1948.

Party For Lady Julius
Lady Julius, who will retire shortly after ten years as State Commissioner for Girl Guides, was entertained at a farewell party at Government House yesterday.
Among the 120 guests invited by the Governor, Lieut. General Northcott and Mrs. Northcott, were many country Guide Commissioners who are in Sydney to attend the annual Girl Guides meeting at the Rural Bank tomorrow and the Commissioners conference at Glengarry on Saturday.
The guests were received by the Governor, Lady Julius, and Miss Elizabeth Northcott, repre- senting her mother, who is patroness of the Guides.
The country visitors included Mesdames Scott Findlay (Grafton), G. Pritchard (Ettalong), D. Johnston (Lithgow), Hector McFarlane (Young), Douglas Corner (Maitland), Bert Bower (Singleton), and Misses E. Fry (Maitland), and D. Caulter (Moree).
Ref: The Sydney Morning Herald NSW : Wednesday 2 November 1949

Eva moved to an apartment at 640 Pacific Highway Killara after her husband died.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 480 M    i. Charles Churchill JULIUS [579] was born on 30 Oct 1899 in Freemantle W.A. and died on 13 Nov 1899 in Freemantle W.A.

+ 481 M    ii. Awdry Francis JULIUS [580] was born on 13 Nov 1900 in Freemantle W.A., was baptised on 7 Dec 1900 in Freemantle W.A., died on 2 Nov 1989 in Wahroonga NSW AUS at age 88, and was buried on 6 Nov 1989 in Northern Suburbs Crematorium Sydney.

+ 482 M    iii. Roderick Herbert JULIUS [586] was born in 1904 in Freemantle W.A. and died in Jan 1939 in Katoomba Blue Mountains N.S.W. at age 35.

+ 483 M    iv. George Yelverton (Pat) JULIUS [588] was born in 1912 in Sydney NSW Australia and died in 2002 in NSW Aust at age 90.

278. Rev John Awdry JULIUS [591] (Churchill D D (Archbishop)139, Frederick Gilder MD FRCS (Dr)82, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 26 Jul 1874 in South Brent Somerset Eng., died on 18 Jul 1956 in Christchurch NZ at age 81, and was buried in Christchurch Cathedral N.Z.

General Notes:
Julius. July 26, at South Brent, the wife of the Rev Churchill Julius, of a son.
Ref: Weekly Daily Press 30 July 1874.

Awdry was educated in Australia and New Zealand, then Oxford. Ordained in England where he remained for some time, he then returned to NZ where he married.

A John A Julius aged 10 arrived in Victoria September 1884 aboard the South Australian from Britain.
Ref PROV - Unassisted Immigration to Victoria 1852-1923

A Rev John A Julius aged 31 arrived in Victoria February 1901 aboard the Austral from Britain.
Ref PROV - Unassisted Immigration to Victoria 1852-1923

Archdeacon J Julius & Mrs Julius sailed 9 Oct 1925, from Southampton to Wellington on board the Ionic. Their address was recorded as 72 Kensington Park Rd.

Julius Jottings June 1901 No 5.
Rev. John Audrey Julius left England for his home in Christchurch, in New Zealand, last February. It was expected that, owing to an unfortunate delay caused by illness, he will not arrive till his sister, Mrs Cecil Wilson, has returned from New Zealand to Norfolk Island.

He was Vicar of Papanui ChCh. 1904-14, Vicar of Waimate until 1920, Vicar then Archdeacon of Timaru until 1927, then Dean of Christchurch Cathedral N Z. He retired in 1940.
It was Awdry's idea to build the church at Franz Joseph, Westland, with its magnificient "picture east window" view of the glacier.

The Times 20 July 1956 pg 13 col C.
The Very Rev J. A. Julius.
The Very Rev J. A. Julius, formerly Dean of Christ Church, New Zealand, has died there at the age of 82, reports our Wellington, New Zealand, correspondant.
John Audrey Julius was born at Norwich in 1874, the son of Archbishop C Julius formerly Bishop of Christchurch and the first Archbishop of New Zealand. He was educated at Melbourne Grammar School, Christ's College, Christchurch, New Zealand and Keble College Oxford. He was ordained to curacy at Kettering in 1897 and in 1901 went to New Zealand as curate of St Michael and All Angels, Christchurch. In 1904-05 he was Vicar of Waikari and then for the next 10 years Vicar of Papanui. From 1914 to 1920 he was Vicar of Waimate and Vicar of Timaru from 1921 to 1927. In 1922 the year in which his father became Archbishop of New Zealand, he was appointed Archdeacon of Timaru and Westland. Then in 1927 he became Dean of Christchurch, a post he held until 1940, also performing the functions of Archdeacon of Rangiora and Westland from 1928 to 1934 and Archdeacon of Christchurch from 1934 to 1937.
He married in 1906 Alice, daughter of Archdeacon Bowen.

Awdry's will was filed for probate Christchurch 31 July 1956 ref 754/56
NZSG Index.

NZ Card Index
Auckland Library
JULIUS, John, Awdry (Venerable)
20.7.56 Obituary Scrapbook P. 220

Research Notes:
New Zealand
JULIUS, John Awdry
born 26 Jul 1874 South Brent Somersetshire died 18 Jul 1956 Christchurch
second son of the Revd Churchill JULIUS (later bishop of Christchurch)
born 15 Oct 1847 Richmond Surrey died 01 Sept 1938 Christchurch;
and Alice Frances ROWLANDSON died Sep Qtr. 1918 Christchurch
youngest daughter (of nine children) of Michael John ROWLANDSON colonel in Indian army
born 1804 died 1894
married 18 Sep 1906 S Peter Riccarton,
Alice Georgiana BOWEN
born 1881 died 1962 Christchurch buried Riccarton churchyard
daughter of the Venerable Croasdaile BOWEN
born 21 Dec 1831 Milford Ireland died 03 Jan 1890 Riccarton Christchurch
younger son of Charles BOWEN
died 1871 Hastings Sussex
and Georgiana LAMBERT
born 1810
and Annette Laura WILES (later proprietor Mrs BOWEN's school for girls, later S Margaret's College)
born 14 May 1849 died 18 Jan 1935 Christchurch
daughter of Henry WILES of Denny Abbey [now a museum centre] Cambridgeshire (21; 96;124)
Melbourne grammar school
1890-1893 Christ's College Christchurch
1893 Keble College Oxford
1896 BA Oxford
1903 MA Oxford (185)
1896 Leeds Clergy school (founded 1876 closed 1925)
1897 deacon Peterborough
1898 priest Peterborough (153;26;19)
31 Mar 1881 residing with siblings and parents 44 Milner Square Middlesex London (249)
1897-1901 assistant curate Kettering diocese Peterborough (26)
09 Apr 1901-1903 assistant curate Christchurch S Michael diocese Christchurch
18 Feb 1903-1904 vicar Waikari
23 Feb 1904-1914 vicar Papanui
01 Feb 1914-1921 vicar Waimate (91)
04 Feb 1921-Dec 1927 vicar Timaru (91;66)
07 Feb 1922-1927 archdeacon Timaru and Westland
15 Apr 1925-31 Dec 1925 leave of absence (to England)
16 Dec 1927-Jun 1940 dean of Christchurch cathedral
10 Jan 1928-1934 archdeacon Rangiora and Westland
1928-1938 examining chaplain bishop Christchurch
14 Jun 1928 commissary general bishop Christchurch
04 Mar 1929 vicar general diocese Christchurch
08 Feb 1934-1937 archdeacon Christchurch (91)
1940 officiating minister (97)
Aug 1927 p5 photograph
Dec 1929 p1 photograph
Mar 1937 photograph (69)
20 Jul 1956 p6 obituary (41)
Sep 1956 p13 obituary and photograph (125)

A Rev J A Julius aged 47 arrived in Victoria March 1901 aboard the Omrah from Britain.
Ref PROV - Unassisted Immigration to Victoria 1852-1923.

Other Records

1. Census: England, 3 Apr 1881, 44 Milner Sq Islington London. John is described as a son aged 6 born South Brent Somerset

John married Alice Georgina BOWEN [592], daughter of Archdeacon Croasdale BOWEN [4942], on 18 Sep 1906 in Riccarton Christchurch. Alice was born in 1877 and died in 1962 at age 85.

General Notes:
Alice was a teacher, her Will was filed for Probate Christchurch 6 July 1962 ref 803/62, She may have been born 1881

279. Mary (Polly) Ellen JULIUS [593] (Churchill D D (Archbishop)139, Frederick Gilder MD FRCS (Dr)82, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 22 Nov 1875 in Shapwick SOM., died on 14 Oct 1942 at age 66, and was buried in Christ Church Taita Wellington NZ.

General Notes:
A Mary Ellen Julius aged 9 arrived in Victoria September 1884 aboard the South Australian from Britain.
Ref PROV - Unassisted Immigration to Victoria 1852-1923

Julius Jottings January 1900. No. 1.
Miss Polly Julius has been staying with her sister, Mrs Wilson, wife of the Bishop of Melanesia, a Norfolk Island, for some months.

CHRISTCHURCH, February 18.
A very fashionable wedding took place at Christchurch Cathedral on Wednesday, February 14, when Miss Mary Julius, eldest daughter of Bishop and Mrs Julius, was married to the Rev. Arthur Lloyd Hansell, of Wellington. The altar had been handsomely arranged with white flowers, and the Cathedral was filled with guests, who were entertained afterwards at Bishopscourt. The bride, who was given away by her father, looked very pretty in a bridal gown of pearl-white satin, made with a transparent chiffon yoke, and a square Court train. Her veil of lovely Brussels lace was fastened with a coronet of orange blossom, and she carried a lovely shower bouquet. Two bridesmaids the Misses Ada and Bertha Julius attended her, both gowned in very pretty tucked white taffetas, with belts of soft pink satin and hats of mauve with touches of pink, and they carried bouquets of pale pink blossoms. The ceremony was performed by Bishop Wallis, of Wellington, assisted by Dean Harper, aud the service was full choral.
Unfortunately the weather, which had shown signs of clearing, was showery, and prevented the reception at Bishopscourt from taking the form of a garden party, as had been intended. Afternoon tea was served in a large tent in a corner of the lawn, where the handsome wedding cake occupied the place of honour. The wedding presents where on view in the breakfast room, and were numerous and particularly beautiful. The bride's going-away dress was of dark green cloth with vest of cream lace, and with this she wore a green toque and handsome furs. Mrs Julius wore a handsome gown of black eolienne, with cream lace, and a bonnet of black with cream osprey; Mrs Arthur Elworthy was becomingly dressed in pale grey voile with lace yoke and relieved with narrow black velvet, marabout stole, and hat of violet and white; Mrs Elworthy wore a rich toilette of black silk with deep basques lined with white satin, black and white bonnet; Mrs Arthur Rhodes, a particularly lovely blue gown, and picture hat; Mrs Boyle was in brown voile, with brown toque; Mrs Palmer and Mrs Reeves wore black silk, also Mrs Tabart; Mrs Stead had a handsome gown of blue-grey taffetas white feather boa, and pale blue toque; Miss Stead was in white cloth, and pale blue hat; Mrs Lee wore black crepo de chine much gathered and tucked, and pale blue hat , Mrs T. Cowlishaw, pale mauve silk with vest of cream lace, hat of mauve straw with pink roses; Miss Lee looked pretty in cream spotted muslin, hat of burnt :straw, with crimson roses ; Mrs Wardrop was in pale grey, with hat to match; Dr Alice Moorhouse was in black taffetas, and hat of pale green ; Mrs Beswick looked pretty in pale pink canvas voile, and hat wreathed with roses ; Mrs Hugh Reeves wore pale blue sjlk, and cream hat with pink roses ; Mrs Wallis, handsome black costume; Mrs Duncan Cameron looked well in pink silk, with shaded pink hat; Mrs A. Anderson was in dark blue cloth, blue hat; Mrs John Hall looked well in pink crepe de chine, and a white hat; Mrs Wigram was in white cloth, with toque of the same; Mrs Wilson had a very pretty gown of mauve silk with white Jace, ar.el mauve toque ; Mrs Ranald MacDonald, becoming black silk muslin tucked and inserted with cream lace, white hat with white feathers; Mrs Gower Burns, pretty pale grey voile, grey cloak, and toque of the same shade, Mrs Patrick Campbell was in dark green taffetas, and black hat with feathers; Mrs John Mills, pale fawn voile, with touches of black velvet, and black velvet hat; Miss Mills, pink muslin; Mrs J. Deans, handsome black gown, and bonnet ; Miss Deans, cherry-coloured voile over white taffetas, white hat with red poppies; Miss A. R. Johnston, handsome black taffetas, pale mushroom coloured cloth coat, black toque; Mrs Nancarrow, black and white costume, black hat; Miss Nancarrow, white muslm, cream hat; Miss Cabot, grey cloth dress, and toque; Miss Molineaux. pale pink and blue muslin, white hat. Miss Morland, Rev. and Mrs Pascoe, Archdeacon and Mrs Averill, Mrs Ogle, Mrs and Miss Prins, Mr and Mrs Litchfield. Mr and Mrs Meredith-Kaye, Mrs Gibbs, and Mrs Stringer were among those present also.
Otago Witness , Issue 2710, 21 February 1906, Page 64

Mary Ellen Hansell died on 14 October 1942. The funeral service was from St Mary's, and she was buried in the family plot in the Churchyard at Christ Church Taita. She was born in Somerset in 1876, studied music and art. As vicar's wife she played her part in the Mothers' Union, of which she was a vice-president and diocesan secretary and she was a life member of the St Mary's GuiId. She had an attractive personality, and a large capacity for friendship. Friends spoke of her wise judgement her modest outlook, and her sense of humour. Her son-In-law said she understood her husband thoroughly, and drew out all that was best in him. Until she retired she had always had a maid, and did little cooking, so in Homewood Crescent frequent requests for recipes and help were addressed to her next-door neighbour. A grandaughter who stayed with her grandparents in Karori remembers her grandmother as a good cook. She also remembers the long, drawn-out breakfasts preceded by ten minutes of prayers, and if she wriggled as the smell of porridge and bacon tempted her, the prayers were extended by a further ten minutes. If she used the word 'gosh' (=by God) she received a lecture from her grandfather on its profanity.
A reading desk in memory of Mrs Hansell was given to St Mary's Homes in 1946
Ref High Point St Mary's Church Karori 1866 - 1991 by Margaret H Allington.

New Zealand Card Index
Auckland Library
HANSELL, Mary Ellen
Wife of Rev. A.L. Hansell, Karori. do of late Archbishop Julius.OBITUARY HERALD, 19 October 1942, p.4(8).
NZCI000152567 .

Other Records

1. Census: England, 3 Apr 1881, 44 Milner Sq Islington London. Mary is described as a daughter aged 5 born Shapwick Somerset

Mary married Archdeacon Arthur Lloyd HANSELL [594], son of P E HANSELL of Norwich [9743], on 14 Feb 1906 in Cathedral Christchurch NZ. Arthur was born on 21 Jun 1865 in Thorpe Norwich NFK, died on 16 Feb 1948 in Wellington NZ at age 82, and was buried in Christ Church Taita Wellington NZ.

General Notes:
Arthur Lloyd Hansell
A L Hansell (1865-1948) was born at Thorpe, Norwich on 2 l June 1865 into a family intimateiy connected with the town and with its cathedral. His great grandfather, Peter Hansell, served as a minor-canon for 55 years before being laid to rest in the south transept, and his immediate forebears made the name of Hansell outstanding in the legal life of Norfolk and Norwich.
Arthur was the youngest of four sons of Peter Edward Hansell and his wife Emily Hansell, nee Morgan. A brother, Henry P. Hansell, was tutor to Edward, Prince of Wales. After attending Charterhouse and Magdalen College, Oxford, Hansell trained Cuddesdon Theological College, and was ordained in 1891. His first
appointment was at Wantage, Berkshire, the birthplace of King Alfred. He
remained there for eight years as assistant curate and every spring he had fight an attack of influenza; causing him in 1899 to abandon living in England.
On the advice of Cecil Wilson, Bishop of Melanesia, he came to New Zealand. Bishop Wilson was married to Ethel, daughter of Bishop Churchill Julius Christchurch, and it was to that city that Hansell first went, acting as curate there until offered the`living' of Karori by Bishop Wallis. At his own request he accepted this on a three months' probation, possibly to see if the climate suited him, and at the end of that time he felt able to accept a permanent position. His initial appointment dated from l November 1899, and on 27 April 1900 he was licenced to the parochial district of Karori and Makara. The irnpression he made is still remembered almost a century later. Over 1.8 metres tall, erect, handsome, with finely chiselled features and a sincere and kindly srnile, the epitome of a very complete English gentleman, he related well to people wherever he went.
Bishop Wallis would have seen Hansell as a very suitable person to guide Karori through the building of a new church. As well a new vicarage had to be built, an organ fund set up and two extensions made to the existing church. To achieve the latter, Hansell offered a sum free of interest, to be repaid within a specified time. The vestry accepted these terms at the first offer, but when the second occasion arose then pride caused them to settle for a Post Office rate of interest.
About 1903, while still a bachelor, Hansell had a holiday at Mt Cook where he did some climbing. In 1905 he announced his engagement to Mary Ellen, eldest daughter of Bishop Julius. At a social in the parochial room before their marriage Bishop Wallis, on behalf of the parishioners, as a mark of their esteem and affection; presented Hansell with a purse of fifty sovereigns intended for the purchase of a piano.
The wedding, the first to take place in the completed cathedral at Christchurch, was on 14 February 1906. Bishop Wallis took part. and the famous Dr J.C. Bradshaw was at the organ. The honeymoon was spent in England.
For the seven months that Hansell was away, the parish was cared for by the Revd Otho FitzGerald, until the arrival of the Revd A.W.H. Compton, an English scholar and gentleman as locum tenens. The vestry worked hard to
make sure the new vicarage was ready for their return and the couple were welcomed home by another social on 30 October 1906, at which Compton was farewelled. After they had settled into their brand-new vicarage, they showed their appreciation by entertaining in it about 130 adult parishioners at an evening function.
After Hansell's return, fundraising for the new church continued in earnest with all possible means including garden parties and flower shows, and when his father-in-law came to stay, he contributed by giving lectures. In spite of their prolonged effort, however, first attempts to begin to build were thwarted by the estimates being in excess of the money available, and it was 1911 before the new church opened. Hansell paid attention to the furnishings, encouraging donations of money towards specific items. His enthusiasm sometimes frustrated his vestry as he tended to obtain the items first, leaving the vestry with no alternative but to pass his proposals. A link between the new church and the old was maintained by the transfer of the stained glass window.
Innovations during his time at St Mary's included a missionary guild, gym classes for young men, the formation of a branch of the Church of England Men's Society, a parish mission, free seats instead of pew rentals, votes for women at parish meetings. On a week evening Bible lectures had an average attendance of 33. Some 70 acts of communion were recorded at Christmas and Easter in 1901/02. He was chaplain to the St Mary's Homes from the time they moved to Karori in 1900, and he maintained a connection with the Home for the rest of his life, always keeping their needs before synod. He would like to have seen St Mary's Church consecrated before he left the parish. When the time came for him to move, he insisted that there be no presentation, the money instead to be put towards liquidating the debt on the church. His departure from St Mary's in 1914, met with absolutely no sympathy or encouragenlent from the congregation, but Karori was still a parochial district and the parishioners had little say in such decisions. Hansell himself, however, no doubt felt ready for a change, although in later life, he wrote that he looked upon his time at St Mary's as fourteen of the happiest years of his life. In company with Archdeacon rancourt, he returned to St Mary's for the consecration service on 27 August 1916, when he acted as the bishop's chaplain.
He had only two parishes in New Zealand. From St Mary's he was appointed to St James', Lower Hutt, on 5 July 1914. Among his parishioners there were Walter Nash and his family. Nash and he shared an interest in the CEMS, of which the former was secretary for a time, and Hansell was the local chairman for many years. In the diocese he was commissary to the bishop from 1919 to 1925, archdeacon of the Wairarapa from 1922 to 1934, and of Wellington from 1934 to 1939.
When he was elected to the Diocesan Board of Nomination in the synod of 1920, his selection was confirmed by a prolonged furore of applause. He left St James in February 1933 and after 18 years returned to live in Karori, at 9 Homewood Crescent. He continued to help with services and gave a sermon at St Mary's in 1933 to mark the centenary of the Oxford Movement. When he preached at the memorial service in St Mary's for King George V in 1936. it was pointed out that he had also preached in St Mary's at the deaths of the two previous sovereigns. This was seen as something of a record.
There were three daughters of the marriage. Alice Emily married the Revd Walter Davies, who was Hansell's curate at Lower Hutt. A great sorrow came to the family in 1936 when the Davies' two-year old son drowned in a stream at Christchurch. Ethel Gwendolen married R.A. Stewart at St Mary's in 1938. Elizabeth died in infancy. . . . . .
Hansell died on 16 February c, and was buried beside his wife.
The tributes were rich and numerous, Bishop H, St Barbe Holland, from the pulpit cathedral in HanseIl's hometown of Norwich, which Hansell loved intensely until his dying day, recalled that when he arrived in New Zealand in 1936 to become Bishop of Weilington, he found Hansell one of the most honoured and best loved priests in the Province, noted for his selfless devotion and pastoral care. . . . .
He loved his garden, where hollyhocks grew outside his window, and apples and tomatoes ripened on his window-sill. He had a rare courtesy towards his apples, desk, books and study, just as he had towards his curate, parishioners, family, trees and flowers. With a spiritual outlook on life that hid from him most of its sordidness, he reverenced all created things - man, beast, flower, rock and stream.
To his curate, he was wonderfully patient, loving and understanding never malicious. Injustices made him angry and white to the lips. Guileless, yet with sound insights into the human heart, he was no recluse. He was a gifted pastor, a systematic teacher, a forceful preacher and a kindly but firm administrator. His obituary in Church and People described him as cultured, courteous, gentle, gracious, of deep spirituality, a person who in the face of the feverish activity and pressures of life remained calm and dignified.
His memorials in Karori are a prayer desk he had used which was given in 1952 to St Philips, and the lectern in St Mary's which commemorates also his wife.
Ref High Point St Mary's Church Karori 1866-1991 by Margaret H Allington

The following moving Tribute to the late Archdeacon Hansell was paid by Bishop Holland in Norwich Cathedral recently:
"The recent death of a dearly loved friend of mine in New Zealand who was
also a member of a family intimately connected with the City of Norwich and with this Cathedral provides a vivid illustration of the way in which the family life of the Anglican Communion throughout the world has been maintained strengthened and enriched by a stream of men who have gone forth from the original provinces of our Church in these islands to give their lives to the nurture and development of the infant members of that family overseas.
Arthur Lloyd Hansell has indeed a claim to be remembered from this pulpit. His Great Grandfather came as far as I can gather second only to the famous Dr. Greenwell of Durham in the length of time for which he held the position of minor canon in an English Cathedral. Peter Hansell was appointed minor Canon in 1786 and continued to serve in that office for 55 years at the end of which his body was laid to rest in the south transept of our Cathedral in January 1841.
His descendants took to the Law and made the name of Hansell outstanding in the legal life of Norfolk and Norwich until Arthur reverted to the vocation of his Great Grandfather and was ordained in 1891. For eight years he served as Curate at Wantage and then went to New Zealand where he spent the rest of his life. I arrived in NZ in 1936 to find him one of the most honoured and best loved priests in the province.
For three years he was my senior Archdeacon, having for the preceding 36 years given to two large and important parishes in the Diocese such selfless devotion and pastoral care as made him constantly referred to as the finest Parish Priest in New Zealand.
I wish you could picture the man as I knew him then - Erect, Handsome with those finely chiselled features which one or two in this congregation may remember; Nothing of the old man about him, not a white hair in his head, with that gracious sincere and kindly smile which drew everyone to him with cords of love. He took out to the young Church in New Zealand and its clergy just that contribution which could be taken by a Norfolk man with all the culture courtesy and charm of the old Church in the
old country and with none of the intolerances which sometimes mar its life today.
He was one of those rare and delighful souls who who always think of the little as well as the great things in life. Knowing how I liked the fritillaries in the Magdalen College meadows in Oxford a few of which he had had sent out to him to cultivate in his Wellington garden every year without fail he would walk up to Bishops Court and give me three of his precious blooms and never once did he forget to write to me on my birthday.
He found a wonderful wife of equal capacity and charm and greater humour than himself in the daughter of Archbishop Julius, and together they created a very lovely home and when he faced the irreparable loss of her companionship six years before he himself died he gave us all a perfect
exhibition of the Christian's bearing in bereavement.''

Charterhouse Register 1872-1900
Hansell Arthur Lloyd. b 21 Jun 1865: 4th son P E Hansell of Norwich solicitor. Cricket IX 1884; Football XI 1883/84: Left C.Q. 1884. Magd. Coll., MA - D 1891 P 1892. Vicar of Karori & Makara, NZ 1900; m 1906 Mary Ellen dau of Bishop Julius of ChCh NZ

Arthur was a brother of Edward Hansell of the Household of George V.

Arthur Lloyd Hansell (1865-1948) and Polly Hansell (nee Julius) (1875- 1942):
Personal Memories by Dr. Bob Stewart, great-grandson of Archbishop Churchill Julius. He was formerly Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Professor of Human Development of the University of the South Pacific in Fiji, and is now Executive Director of Scientific Journal Publishers Limited.
I can remember, on visits to my Grandfather Rev Arthur Hansell in Karori, seeing him tending his geraniums and other plants on the closed-in portion of the north facing verandah at 19 Homewood Crescent. In a conspiratorial way, he would whisper directly to us grandchildren, "If you go up the path and look very hard, you might find something nice". We would discover when we excitedly went up the path, some ripe strawberries! We were eventually to move from our home in Khandallah to live in his Karori house after he passed away.
Previously, after his wife's death, Grandfather Hansell had a housekeeper, Miss Smith, who used to polish the linoleum floor in the kitchen within an inch of its life. Grandfather Hansell was supposed to be the delicate one, and was recommended by his doctor to come to New Zealand because of the more favourable climate. Yet the irony is that lived 6 years longer than his wife.
My cousin Matthew remembers our Grandfather calling the birds for their feeding time by hitting a wooden spoon on the back of a saucepan. He also remembers trying to "help" his grandfather by emptying a waste-paper basket in which important documents were being assembled.
My Uncle Walter Davies, who had been a curate to Arthur in Lower Hutt, was asked to dedicate a lecturn at St. Mary's Church in Karori in honour of Arthur and Polly Hansell. He said of Arthur, "All his life he had to measure out his strength, yet he gave unstintingly of his time and strength to his work, but not to the expense of his home". He described Polly as a wonderful wife who "understood her husband thoroughly and drew out all that was best in him". Walter believed that Arthur typified the "Reverence for Life" of which Albert Schweitzer spoke. "He had a rare courtesy to his colleagues, parishioners, family, trees, and flowers - animate and inanimate". "He had a dignity about him, and treated all with respect realizing human worth. He loved his garden; hollyhocks grew outside his window, apples and tomatoes ripened on his windowsill"
Memorials to Arthur and Polly were also a prayer desk that he had used, given in 1952 to St. Philips Church, Makara, and a reading desk in memory of Polly, given to St. Mary's Homes, Karori in 1946.
Arthur had finely chiselled features and a sincere and kindly smile - he was described as "the epitome of an English gentleman, and related well to people wherever he went". For his day, he was tall, 1.8 metres. My mother, Gwen, says that although he never learned to drive a car, and possibly disapproved of such transport, he was still quite happy to be taken for a spin in her car!
Arthur was born at Thorpe, Norwich on 21 June 1865 into a family intimately connected with the town and with its cathedral, which I have visited. He was the youngest of four sons of Peter Edward Hansell and Emily Hansell. A brother Henry P. Hansell was tutor to the Prince of Wales (later Edward VIII) and Prince Albert (later George VI). Henry was also appointed by the King to be a member of the 5th class of the Royal Victoria Order in 1906.
While most of his relatives were lawyers, Arthur chose the Church as his vocation, following his great grandfather who was known as "Peter the Precentor", and who served as a minor Canon in the Norwich Cathedral for 50 years.
Arthur attended Charterhouse School and Magdalen College, Oxford, and trained at Cuddesdon Theological College. He was ordained in 1891, and his first appointment was at Wantage, Berkshire, the birthplace of King Alfred. He was there for eight years. Every spring he had to fight a severe attack of flu, and when he was invited to come to Christchurch, he took the opportunity in 1899.
His invitation to come to New Zealand was from Cecil Wilson, who was Bishop of Melanesia and married to Ethel, daughter of Bishop Churchill Julius, Bishop of Christchurch. Arthur became a curate in Christchurch, until he was invited to become Vicar of St. Mary's Church, Karori. At his own request he accepted this invitation on a three months' probation, possibly to see whether the climate suited him. At the end of that time, he felt able to accept a permanent position, and was inducted as vicar on 27 April 1900.
Meanwhile Arthur's future wife, Polly, was born 1875 in Shapwick, Somerset, England. In 1883, she and her family set sail on the ship "South Australian" to Australia, where her father, Churchill Julius, took up a position as Archdeacon of Ballarat, and Vicar of the Cathedral. Polly was the eldest daughter of seven children. On the twelve week voyage, 8 year old Polly and her siblings, remember the 'horribly lumpy' porridge! However on the ship, her father was characteristically the life and soul, organising a children's glee club, which had a concert toward the end of the voyage singing nursery rhymes and other classics. He was also the ship's photographer, using a camera on a tripod, and then developing the pictures in a dark room.
In 1880, Polly moved with her family to Christchurch where her father became Bishop of Christchurch. She studied music and art. Later, her daughters continued this interest: Alice in music and Gwen in art.
In 1903, while still a bachelor, Arthur Hansell had a holiday at Mt. Cook where he did some climbing. Fortuitously Polly Julius was also there, and Arthur was already known by the Julius family from his time in Christchurch. It seems that Arthur and Polly were impressed with each other, and in 1905 he announced their engagement. At a social in the parochial room before their marriage the couple was presented with fifty gold sovereigns intended for the purchase of a piano.
Interestingly, their wedding on 14 February 1906, was the first to take place in the then newly completed (and earthquake damaged in 2011), Christ Church cathedral. Taking leave from St. Mary's they had their honeymoon in England. By the time they returned, the parish had built them a new vicarage.
Polly had an attractive personality and a large capacity for friendship. Friends spoke of her wise judgment, her modest outlook, and her sense of humour.
My cousin Margaret Turton-Law remembers the routine in the mornings. There was a cup of tea at 6 am, together with a thin slice of bread and butter, and then the BBC news on radio. She also remembers the long drawn-out breakfasts preceded by ten minutes of prayers, and if she wriggled as the smell of porridge and bacon tempted her, the prayers were extended by further ten minutes. My cousin Mary Joy remembers that if she used the word 'gosh' (= by God) she received a lecture from her grandfather on its profanity.
Margaret recalls her grandmother's love for music - in particular the composers Schumann and Bach, her interests in painting and reading of writers. Arthur and Polly had a dog called Toby. There were shopping trips into Wellington City, to the bank, a cake shop in Courtenay Place, vegetables in Hill Street and a fruit shop in Molesworth Street.
The grandchildren recall the family tradition of "Mr. Manners". Some food was always to be left for "Mr. Manners". The steel knives were always cleaned and sharpened after use (no stainless steel in those days).
Polly was at one time vice-president as well as Diocesan Secretary of the Mothers' Union, and a life member of St. Mary's Guild. She was a helpful worker at the 'Flying Angel' Mission to Seamen, mixing with the gatherings and making our seamen welcome. She was at one time president of the Harbour Lights Guild and once organised Christmas presents for the visiting crews during Christmas.
In the book "High Point", written by Margaret Alington, about St. Mary's Church, Karori Wellington, it is stated that the existence and form of St. Mary's Church built in 1911 owed much to the foresight and enthusiasm of the 'courteous and personable' Arthur L. Hansell. Within months of being inducted in 1990, he had arranged for plans to be drawn up for a new church.
In March 1902 his brother Henry arranged a meeting in the town hall in Wantage, Berkshire in England to help to raise funds for the new church. He was finally able to send more than 147 Pounds
Innovations during Arthur's time at St. Mary's included a missionary guild, gym classes for young men, the formation of a branch of the Church of England Men's Society, a parish mission, free seats instead of pew rentals, and votes for women at parish meetings.
Arthur was active in local sporting and community organisations. For example, he was President of the Karori Gymnastic Club in 1908, the Karori Lawn Tennis Club in 1909 and the Karori and Makara Flower Show Society in 1912. He was also Vice President of the Karori Cricket Club in 1913, and the Anglican Boys' Home in 1914. He was appointed Governor of the Bishop Hadfield Memorial College in July 1915.
Seeking a new challenge, he was appointed to St. James Church, Lower Hutt on 5 July 1914. Arthur had only two parishes during his working life in New Zealand. Among his parishioners at St. James were Walter Nash and his family. Nash and he shared an interest in the Church of England Men's Society (CEMS).
Arthur was Archdeacon of the Wairarapa from 1922 to 1934, and of Wellington from 1934 to 1939. He left St. James in February 1933 and after 18 years returned to live in Karori, at 9 Homewood Crescent. He continued to help with services.

Other Records

1. Arthur & Polly Hansell: Arthur 1914, at home and Arthur 1945.

2. Arthur Lloyd Hansell: Will & Codicils, 19 June 1943 22 June 1944 16 November 1945.

3. Arthur Lloyd Hansell: Probate of Will & Codicils, 17 Mar 1948.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 484 F    i. Alice Emily HANSELL [1498] was born on 16 Mar 1908 in Wellington NZ and died on 1 Aug 1985 at age 77.

+ 485 F    ii. Ethel Gwendolene (Gwen) HANSELL [1500] was born on 10 Jul 1910 and died on 15 Oct 1995 at age 85.

+ 486 F    iii. Elizabeth Mary HANSELL [5055] was born on 5 Aug 1914 and died on 6 Aug 1914.

280. Alice Ethel JULIUS [556] (Churchill D D (Archbishop)139, Frederick Gilder MD FRCS (Dr)82, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 6 Feb 1877 in Shapwick SOM, died on 28 Dec 1957 in N Z at age 80, and was buried in Karrakatta Cemetery.

General Notes:
An Alice Ethel Julius aged 8 arrived in Victoria September 1884 aboard the South Australian from Britain.
Ref PROV - Unassisted Immigration to Victoria 1852-1923

Wilson- Julius. On the 1st Feb., Christchurch, New Zealand, by the Bishop of Wellington, Cecil Wilson, Bishop of Melanesia, to Ethel, second daughter of the Bishop of Christchurch. 1899
Ref: Unsourced news clipping - No 1Book

Alice was liked at St Barnabas Norfolk Island, she was a woman of good sense, friendly and approachable. She did much to help her husband and improve relations between the Bishop and some of his more difficult staff.

In Nov 1899 their first child was delivered premature and still born and Alice was very sick for a time a cause of much sadness and concern at the Mission.

Alice, after her husbands death, she moved to live near to her son John, who was vicar of St Lukes Havelock North NZ.

Her death date may have been Jun/July 1958

Other Records

1. Census: England, 3 Apr 1881, 44 Milner Sq Islington London. Alice is described as a daughter aged 4 born Shapwick Somerset

Alice married Bishop Cecil WILSON [557], son of Alexander WILSON of Beckenham [15234], on 1 Feb 1899 in Christchurch Cathedral N.Z. Cecil was born on 9 Sep 1860 in Islington MDX London, died on 19 Jan 1941 in Perth WA at age 80, and was buried in Karrakatta Cemetery.

General Notes:
Cecil was Bishop of Melanesia (succeeding Bishop Selwyn) for 17 years, the Diocese was the Solomon and New Hebrides Islands. He lived on Norfolk Island from his installation as Bishop on the 29 June 1894 to 1911, then to Adelaide as Rector of Walkerville. In 1917 he was appointed Bishop of Bunbury, Western Australia until his retirement in 1937 to Perth.

Cecil Wilson came to the Diocese a single man of a rather gentle unassuming nature, constantly homesick, often accused of vacillation and excessive caution in dealing with the leadership of a faction ridden, backward looking mission.
Ref: Gods Gentlemen a History of the Melanesian Mission by David Hilliard, University of Queensland Press.
However he supported the work of women in the church and initiated a policy of appointing and placing women missionaries in the Islands

Julius Jottings April 1902 No 7 reports the Bishop and his wife travelling to England to raise funds to replace the mission ship "Southern Cross" which is described as underpowered and unreliable for the task of fetching stores from Auckland NZ for Norfolk Island and supplying the missionaries in Melanesia. The cost was estimated at about L18,000, and the editor indicated he would gratefully receive any donations from the family on the Mission's behalf.

The Light of Melanesia
A Record of Fifty Years' Mission Work in the South Seas
By H. H. Montgomery, D.D.
. . . . . This chapter reads like ancient history now. Only nine years have passed, and the energy of Bishop Cecil Wilson, backed up by the friends of the Mission, has given to the work a splendid steamer to replace the ship of which I have been discoursing. For the significance of this movement I refer my readers to the first of the appendices to this volume. It will be sufficient here to say that in place of the ship seen in the photograph taken at Santa Cruz, we now have a 500 ton steamer built by Armstrongs. Her nominal horsepower is 160, in place of the old 25; her speed 10 knots instead of 4; and she will carry 400 tons of coal in place of 54. There is sleeping accommodation for 60 boys, 30 girls, 12 male missionaries and 6 female; the captain and his crew wear uniform, and there is a lovely chapel on board.

Cecil as a young man played cricket for Kent and partnered the well known all-rounder George Hearne, in a match "against Yorkshire at Canterbury, where he and Cecil (afterwards Bishop) Wilson added 215 while together"

JULIUS JOTTINGS : October 1900 No3
To spend a Christmas in Norfolk Island was a most unlikely prospect, for us a year ago; but it has come to pass, and much we have enjoyed it ; the surroundings are so completely new and intensely interesting.
The Melanesian boys and girls in the daily services in chapel, are, perhaps, the best sight of all. Their ways are most reverent and devout, and they seem, as a congregation, to enter into the spirit of worship in a manner that would appear almost unnatural for English boys and girls. Their singing of the chants and hymns is quite musical, and more than one of the boys can take his turn as organist. The beauty of the chapel (a memorial of Bishop Patteson) with its fine proportions, Burne-Jones windows, inlaid marbles, etc., doubtless encourages the spirit of reverence.
As the Melanesians have bare feet, they go in and out quite noiselessly, and so there is no shuffling to disturb the worshippers. Indeed, the life here is quite a revelation ; the eight of about 200 boys and girls looking so bright and happy in their new surroundings, so free from quarrels, and signs of the heathenism from which some of them have only lately been brought, is most striking. The explanation is; I think, that the workers in this Mission follow in the steps of its great founders, especially of one Bishop Patteson of whom it is said that he treated the Melanesian family he had gathered round him "with a perfectly genuine sympathy, a love, and a self-denial which awoke all that was best in their characters, and met. with full response," and therefore God's blessing on the work is evident.
Christmas holidays last here for a fortnight; and the Mission staff say it is the hardest work in the year. For though the many classes, the labour in the fields, etc., are dropped, other work takes their place. First, for two or three days comes the " spring cleaning," when boards and walls and furniture-everything in the place are scrubbed with a, mixture of lemon juice and sand. Lemon trees grow wild here, and are just now laden with fruit, most of which will be wasted, as the Norfolkers cannot get their goods to market.
After the big cleaning is over, the boys go on fishing expeditions, or devote their time to cricket; while the girls have picnics, taking kumaras, etc., to cook for themselves. Three or four cricket matches came off last week. The sides are generally the Melanesians against the Norfolkers-the Mission staff, with the Bishop, helping the former. For the evenings, various entertainments are got up. One night last week the Bishop gave a good magic lantern display, and on the following evening the old fairy tale of " The Three Bears " and " Silver Locks," with conjuring tricks in the intervals, was most successfully given by some of the staff, all the conversations being, of course, in Mota. The boys and girls shouted with delight, and, at the conclusion, sang " God Save the Queen " enthusiastically, and musically too.
Two nights ago a conversazione, in honour of the visitors from Christchurch, was arranged by the Mission staff, and was a great success. The dining-hall, where it was held, resembled the palm house at Kew Gardens, excepting that as a background to nikau and other palms, and all sorts of tropical foliage, tree ferns, etc., were flags and bright, coloured stuffs draping the pillars and walls. There were between 100 an 200 guests, mostly Norfolkers, of course with the chief magistrate and his daughter, and the chaplain and Mrs. Aldous. The island orchestra, with bass viol, violins, and flute, accompanied by piano and American organ, gave good instrumental music and glees ; and songs and piano solos were contributed by members of the Mission. Speeches from the two Bishops, and the National Anthem, concluded a very pleasant evening.
Last night, as soon as darkness came on, by the light of two great fires, the boys gave a very graphic illustration of native dancing. First, from out of the shadow, came a, strong body of a Florida, and Solomon Island boys, armed with spears and shields, decorated with grasses and flowers, and wearing anklets of bean pods, which rattled merrily as they advanced. The low, droning song gave time, and increased the weirdness of the dance. After them came the Banks Islanders, whose native dance seemed to us singularly effective, representing the movements of birds, their calls, their settlement, on the waters, and their rush on the wing Then followed Mota dances of the same type, and the entertainment finished up with a second exhibition by the Florida boys. It was a. pleasure to us to find the native dances encouraged, purged of evil associations, and none the less natural and effective.
To-day we are to entertain the Mission staff and their Melanesian family, with a few friends from other parts of the island, at a. picnic. A " family " is certainly the term to use for this community. All meet twice daily in chapel, and at the three meals in hall. The Mission staff and guests occupy a, long centre table, flanked on one side by many smaller tables for the boys, and on the other by one for the girls. There is no restraint on the young folk in the matter of talking while they keep fairly quiet, which is almost always the case. They have meat every other day, and fish generally once a week ; but kumaras, potatoes, and rice seem their staple food.
On New Year's Day the Melanesian members of the community were almost entirely in the charge of the native deacons and the married native women, the former looking after the boys and the latter taking care of the girls; for all the white people were having a " Quiet Day " five services in the chapel, conducted by the visiting Bishop. Two boys have died since we came, both, I think, from a form of consumption, which had begun before they left their islands. The funeral service in the chapel, and then in the beautiful little cemetery on the slope of a hill, was touching.
As one, watches these Melanesian people, it is difficult to realise that they, or at any rate, their parents, were savages. They have good tempers, gentleness and sometimes even refinement in their faces. I have not any more space to tell of the loveliness of this island. Its " bush " is most varied, with tree-ferns, nikau palms, white oaks (now covered by their delicate pink flowers), lemon trees laden with fruit, a large mauve convolvulus clinging over everything, interspersed with passion fruit; the yellow acacia and many other trees, with the stately Norfolk Island pine growing everywhere. As to the climate, the sun certainly is very powerful for several hours in the day, but there seems to be always a strong sea breeze, so that in the shade one can keep quite cool.
We have met many of the Norfolkers, and find them the genial, hospitable people. they are reported to be. Altogether, our holiday here has been most refreshing to mind and body.
A. F. JULIUS. January 4th 1900. (Bishop Julius and his wife visited no doubt to see their daughter Alice and son-in-law Cecil)
Extract from The Southern Cross Log.

Bishop Cecil Wilson.
Consecrated Bishop of Melanesia, 1894; Archdeacon of Adelaide, 1911-17; Bishop of Bunbury, 1917-37.
The right Rev Cecil Wilson, D. D., a former Bishop of Bunbury, died in Perth on January 19, at the age of 81 years. He was one of the oldest Anglican bishops and was one of the youngest when he was consecrated Bishop of Melanesia in 1894. After retiring from that work in 1911, he came to Australia and was Archdeacon of Adelaide from 1911 to 1917. Dr Wilson became Bishop of Bunbury in 1917 and served in that office for 20 years, when he retired, and he had since lived privately in Perth.
The youngest son of the late Mr Alex Wilson, of Beckenham, England, Dr Wilson was educated at Tonbridge School, and Jesus College, Cambridge, where he took his BA and MA degrees. He received his Doctorate of Divinity in 1908. After eight years service in England, he went overseas.
In 1899 he married, Ethel, the daughter of the late Most Rev Churchill Julius and leaves three sons and four daughters. Dr Wilson was the author of "The Wake of the Southern Cross" an account of his work in the mission field.
Full of years and honour, Cecil Wilson fell asleep in Christ on Sunday, 19th January 1941. One must be an old man to remember the stir which his consecration as Bishop of Melanesia (in succession of Bishop John Selwyn) caused among missionary hearted church people in England. For he was then best, if at all, known among enthusiastic followers of county cricket, as a player for his own County of Kent. He had only just reached the canonical age for the Episcopate, after experience on the staff of that nursery of bishops, St Mary's, Portsea, and a Portsmouth parish. The traditions of the Diocese of Melanesia, with its memories of the heroic martyr, Bishop Patterson, and the stalwart and long-suffering Bishop John Selwyn, son of George Augustus Selwyn, Bishop of New Zealand and founder of the Melanesian Mission, called for a successor who should combine spiritual earnestness and missionary zeal with "muscular Christianity"; and it was generally recognized that the choice of authority had fallen upon a most suitable man.
Seventeen years of devoted labour in the Islands justified the choice, for they were years in which the good work was quietly consolidated and widely extended. Moreover, when the time came, he showed himself possessor of that supreme Christian grace, "the grace of resignation" and passed on the work to younger hands rather than see it stagnate or go back. There are few openings for work in Australia for a retired bishop; but Bishop Wilson, rather than return to the comfort and opportunities of England, took over the responsibility of a suburb on Adelaide parish (Walkerville), and with it the Archdeaconry of Adelaide, and then he laboured with acceptance till Bunbury invited him to become its second Bishop, in succession to Bishop Frederick Goldsmith. For 20 years he served that Diocese, till age and increasing infirmities made another resignation inevitable and wise. But only for three years has he lived to enjoy a well earned retirement, and even in those years his restless energy and high sense of duty led him to give such clerical help as he could in the parish of South Perth to which he had retired. What a splendid example of devotion to work, of simple spiritual earnestness and sincere faith does his life afford. Without remarkable intellectual gifts, he just worked on at whatever work his hand found to do, and he did it with all his might.
And now that his long innings has closed, he retires to God's pavilions amid the admiring and affectionate plaudits of his fellow men, and, we believe, to hear the welcome greeting of his Captain, "well done, good and faithful servant".
Ref: West Australian Church News 1 Feb 1941

Cecil was Bishop of Bunbury Western Australia 1918-1937, he is remembered with a memorial altar in Bunbury Cathedral and with a stained glass window and portrait in the Cathedral Grammar School Chapel, Bunbury.

Research Notes:
Julius Jottings. October 1900. No. 3.
It is interesting to hear from "The Southern Cross Log" that though Norfolk Island may be supposed to be in Melanesia, in reality it is not. Episcopal functions are administered there by the Bishop of Melanesia, only at the request of the people, and with the consent of the Primate of New Zealand and the Colonial Secretary. Melanesia lies 800 miles away to the north, and Norfolk Island is merely the nursery where its missionaries are trained. The Norfolkers number over 700 now, under a chief magistrate (Mr C. King grandson of Governor King first Governor of the island) and a council of 12 elders. Their Chaplain is the Rev P. M.Aldous, of Selwyn College, Cambridge.

For information on the Melansian Mission and its work:

For a view on life at St Barnabas Mission Centre, Norfolk Island refer to "Unpretending Labours Julia Farr and the Melanesian Mission" by Janet Crawford

The Wake of the Southern Cross: Work and Adventures in the South Seas.
By Cecil Wilson.
London: J. Murray, 1932.

The High Altar at St Boniface Bunbury Cathedral was donated by his family in memory of Cecil Wilson. Also the Cathedral Grammar School Chapel has a stained glass window in his memory.

WILSON, Cecil, 1860-1941 (X3265)
Holder University of Auckland Library. <holder.php?recordid=3743&id=8> Microfilm 1097/1098
Enquiries about Microfilm 1097/1098 can be emailed to < 1097/1098>
Type of Record
Dates Covered
This collection consists of the private diaries of Bishop Cecil Wilson from 1894-1911, during which time he was Bishop of Melanesia. Some of the material was published under the title: The wake of the Southern Cross, by
2 microfilm reels

Room 4201, Coombs Building
Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies
The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 Australia
Telephone: (612) 6125 2521 Fax: (612) 6125 0198 E-mail: <>
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- PMB 530 WILSON Bishop Cecil (Anglican Bishop of Melanesia), Diaries, 1894 - 1914 2 reels.

Other Records

1. Additional Photos of Cecil Wilson:

2. Pictures:

3. Pictures:

Children from this marriage were:

+ 487 F    i. Jocelyn (Joy) Mary WILSON [1135] was born in 1900 and died in NZ.

+ 488 F    ii. Frances Ethel Qona WILSON [1140] was born on 24 Jan 1903 in Norfolk Island.

+ 489 F    iii. Joan Cecilia WILSON [1146] was born in 1905 and died in 1906 in Norfolk Island. at age 1.

+ 490 F    iv. Alice Rosemary WILSON [1147] was born in 1906.

+ 491 F    v. Lilian Awdry WILSON [1151] was born on 2 Sep 1910 in Norfolk Island. and died on 28 Feb 1988 in Caloundra Qld. at age 77.

+ 492 M    vi. Rev John Cecil Julius WILSON [1156] was born on 17 Oct 1912 in Walkerville SA, died on 13 Feb 2009 in Cottesloe Perth WA at age 96, and was cremated on 16 Feb 2009 in Freemantle W.A.

+ 493 M    vii. Rev David Churchill WILSON [1157] was born on 20 Jun 1916 in Walkerville SA, died on 9 Jul 2009 in Midland Perth WA at age 93, and was cremated on 17 Jul 2009 in Karrakatta Cemetery.

+ 494 M    viii. Michael Richard Varean WILSON [1158] was born on 7 Aug 1919 and died on 30 Dec 1986 in Adelaide SA at age 67.

281. Ella Caroline JULIUS [541] (Churchill D D (Archbishop)139, Frederick Gilder MD FRCS (Dr)82, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 3 Jun 1879 in Islington MDX London and died on 15 Jun 1967 in Christchurch NZ at age 88.

General Notes:
Ella is remembered by her neice Di Wilson as a beautiful and elegant woman, fashionably dressed she did not go unnoticed. Di tells a story of the occasion of Ella's son John's graduation from Dartmouth. John is said to have written to his mother, with the invitation to the event and the note "please dress quietly".

An Ella C Julius aged 6 arrived in Victoria September 1884 aboard the South Australian from Britain.
Ref PROV - Unassisted Immigration to Victoria 1852-1923

The engagement is announced of Miss Ella Julius, daughter of Bishop Julius, Christchurch, to Mr Arthur Elworthy, "Pareora," Timaru.
Otago Witness , Issue 2375, 7 September 1899, Page 51

Julius Jottings January 1900. No. 1.
The latest engagement in the family that has come to hand it is that of Ella Julius, third daughter of the Bishop of Christchurch, New Zealand, to Mr Elworthy.

The marriage of Arthur and Ella was the first to be performed in the then new Christchurch Cathedral.

JULIUS JOTTINGS. October 1900 No. 3
Marriage of Miss Ella Julius ; 19 April, 1900.
At the Cathedral, yesterday afternoon, Miss Ella Caroline Julius, third daughter of the Bishop of Christchurch, was married to Mr. Arthur Stanley Elworthy, of Pareora. Shortly after two o'clock the square began to assume a spirited and gay appearance. Round the north and south doors of the Cathedral were crowded large numbers of the general public, waiting for the doors to open, and through the tower door a steady stream of invited guests was pouring. The Cathedral grounds, the pavements outside, and the streets beyond, were being rapidly filled with expectant and excited crowds of well-wishers.
Inside the Cathedral the scene was no less animated. Through the tower door the guests were rapidly arriving. The middle portion of the Cathedral was reserved for the guests, and large as the space was, it was quite inadequate to seat the immense number present. The sides were open to the general public, and shortly after the doors were opened all the available seats were taken and all the available standing room occupied. People crowded everywhere, and were with difficulty only restrained by a detachment of police constables, stationed in different parts of the building. The sidesmen of the Cathedral, each bearing a wand, set off with a white satin-bow, were kept busily employed the whole time, finding seats, preserving order, and keeping the aisles clear. Large numbers of people would insist upon standing on the chairs, and it was only by the most vigilant watching and attention on the part of the constables and sidesmen that, this could be prevented.
The altar had been elaborately decorated with white flowers. Shortly before half-past two the Cathedral choir left the vestry and walked slowly down the aisle to the front porch. Here they waited pending the arrival of the brides.At half-past two the front. doors were opened and a length of carpet was hastily unrolled from the steps of the Cathedral to the kerbing of the pavement outside.
The bride had arrived. The hymn, " 0 Perfect Love," was sung by the choir and congregation as the procession moved slowly along the centre aisle towards the altar. Following the choir were Bishop Wallis, of Wellington, and the Revs. Canon Harper and W. Dunkley, of Christchurch. Then came the bride, leaning on the arm of her father, and carrying a brilliant bouquet of flowers. Miss Bertha Julius followed, holding up the bride's train. The remaining bridesmaids, Misses Julius, Elworthy, Muriel Elworthy, and Ada Julius completed the bridal party. A few of the chief guests completed the procession. The bridegroom was already waiting near the altar.
The ceremony was conducted by the Bishop of Wellington, assisted by the Rev. Canon Harper. The responses of the bride were heard clearly and distinctly throughout the whole Cathedral. During the service the 127th psalm was sung by the choir, and the hymn, " How Welcome was the Call." At the conclusion of the ceremony, the Bishop of Wellington delivered a short paternal address on the duties and responsibilities of husband and wife to each other, and to their fellows at large, and then publicly blessed the recently-wedded couple kneeling before him. Wagner's '
Bridal March " was played by Mr. Tendall while the register was being signed in the vestry. This was completed in a few minutes, and as Mendelssohn's " Wedding March " pealed out, the bride and her husband, followed by the bridesmaids, Bishop and Mrs. Julius, and a number, of guests, walked again down the aisle and through the, doors. The, bridal party and guests then drove to Bishopscourt, the residence of the bride's parents. The bride's robe was of ivory mousseline satin duchesse, with an underskirt of real Brussels applique lace., and a very handsome Court train trimmed down the left side with beautiful sprays of orange blossom. It had a prettily-draped bodice with the neck and sleeves of real Brussels lace. The bridesmaids, Misses Julius, Elworthy, Muriel Elworthy Ada and Bertha Julius, wore costumes of ivory-white Liberty satin overskirts, trimmed with fringe, with a pretty chiffon frill round the foot of the skirt. They wore draped bodices with lace neck and sleeves, and finished round the waist with pink chiffon sashes edged with fringe. They also wore black velvet picture hat's trimmed with black chiffon, and ostrich feathers fastened with large steel buckle at side. Mrs. Julius wore a red cloth gown, the skirt being handsomely trimmed with black passementerie, and the- bodice finished with cream lace over rich mousseline satin. She also wore a semiVictorian black velvet bonnet, trimmed with ostrich tips and ospreys, relieved with brilliant buckles. The under brim was of white satin, finely tucked.
During the afternoon the Bishop and Mrs. Julius entertained a very large number of guests at Bishopscourt. Among those who accepted invitations were:-Mr. and Mrs. Douglas Andrews, Miss Asser, Dr. and Mrs. C. M. Anderson, Mr. and Mrs. H. D. Andrews, Mr. and Mrs. 0. Archer, the Misses Andrews, Mr. and Misses. Murray-Aynsley, Miss Amble, Mr. and Misses Ainger, Mrs. C R. Anderson, Mr. Mrs. and Miss Acton-Adams, the Hon. J. B., Mrs. and Misses Acland, Mr., Mrs. and Miss J. Anderson, Dr. and Mrs. R. W. Anderson, Mr. and Mrs. Anderson, Mrs. Boys, Mr. and Mrs. A. F. N. Blakiston, Mr. and Mrs. Bethell, Mrs. C. Bower, Miss Bowen, Mr. and Mrs. C. F. Bourne, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Bowen, Misses Bowen, Mr. and Mrs. Bristol, Mr. and Mrs. Boyle, Mr. and Mrs. Bloxam, Mr. G. Brittan and Miss Brittan, Mr. and Mrs. Blyth, Rev. and Mrs. Blackburne, Rev. C. Blakiston, Mr. and Mrs. C. H. Bridge, Mrs. Hamilton Bond, Mrs. Bridge, Mr. and Mrs. H. W. Bishop, Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Barker, Mr. and Mrs. Stewart Blackburne, Mr. J. W. Barnes, Miss Buckley, Mr. and Mrs. Bridges, Misses Bowron, Mr. and Mrs. A. Barker, Mr. and Mrs. Baines, Mr. and Mrs. F. W. Barker, Rev. W. and Mrs. Bean, Mr. and, Mrs. Beswick, Rev. A. Beaven, Mr. and Mrs. Burns, Mr. and Mrs. Buchanan, Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Bond, Professor and Mrs. Cook, Mrs. Bromley Cocks, Misses Cocks, Mr. and Mrs. Cameron, Misses Cameron, Archdeacon and Mrs. Cholmondeley, Mr. R. and the Misses Cholmondeley, Mr. and the Misses Cardale, Mr. C. Cardale, Mrs. C. Chapman, Mrs. Curnow, Canon and Mrs. Cotterill, Misses Cotterill, Mr. and Mrs. P. Campbell, Mr. and Mrs. E. F. Cox, Miss Cox, Mr. and Mrs. C. Clark and the Messrs. Clark, Mr. and Mrs. Common, Miss Cotton, Rev. P. J. and Mrs. Cocks, Mr. and Mrs. Cane, Mr. T. Cane and Miss Cane, Mr. A. Cox, Misses Cox, Rev. C. and Miss Coates, Mr. and Mrs. Chaffrey, Mr. and Mrs. P. Cox, and the Misses Cox, Mr. and Mrs. Michell Clarke, Mr. and Mrs. H. Cotterill, the Rev. E. E. and Mrs. Chambers, Mr. and Mrs. Cartwright, Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Cowlishaw, Dr. and Mrs. N. K. Cox, Mr. Mrs. and Miss Cowlishaw, Mr. T. Cowlishaw, Mr. and Mrs. Cobham, Mr. and Mrs. C. Cook, Miss Cabot, Rev. W. and Mrs. Cruden, Miss Campbell, Mr. and Airs. Croxton, Mr. and Mrs. Cunnington, Mr. W. G. Cookson, Mr. and Mrs. C. Dudley, Mrs. H. Dixon and Miss Dixon, Mr. and Mrs. J. Deans, Mr. G. Dennistoun, Dr. Drew, Mr. and Mrs Dixon, the Rev. W. and Mrs. Dunkley, Mr. M. C. Denniston, the Rev. F. Dunnage, Miss Dunnage, Mr. E. Dyer, the Rev. and Mrs. H. Ensor, the Rev. H. and Mrs. East, Mrs. Everest, Dr. and Mrs. Evans, Mr. and Mrs. Embling, Dr. and Mrs. Elinslie, Sister Edith, Miss Fairhurst, Mrs. and Miss Fenwick, Mrs. Ford, the Rev. C. A. and Mrs. Fraer, Mr. Ford, Rev. A. and Mrs. Fox, Mr. and Mrs. H. Ford, Mr. and Mrs. R. Foster, Dr. and Mrs. Fox, Miss Ford, the Rev. L. Fitzgerald, Rev. F. and Mrs. Fendall, Mr. and Mrs. Norton Francis, Mr. and Mrs. Hill Fisher, the Misses Gard'ner, Dr. Gane, Rev. C. H. and Mrs. Gossett., Mr. and Mrs. Graham Greenwood, Lieutenant-Colonel and Mrs. Gordon, Rev. R. F. and Mrs. Garbett, Mr. and Mrs. W. Grant, Air., Mrs. and Miss Graham, Mr. Isaac Gibbs, Mr. and Mrs. T. Garrard, Mrs. Gard'ner, Judge. Gresson and Mrs. Gresson, Captain Garcia, Miss Giffard, Mrs. Gould, Mr. and Mrs. C. J. Harper, Mr. and Mrs. Harkness, Captain and Mrs. Hutton, Mr. Mrs. and Miss Harley, Mrs. and Miss Hardcastle., Mrs. and Miss Holt, Mrs. and Miss Hennah, Mr. Higginbotham, Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Hall, Mr. Mrs. and Miss Hewett, Mr. and Mrs. Harman, Mr. and Mrs. Hargreaves, Mr. Hobbs, Archdeacon Harper, Miss Hastings, Miss Hicks, Mrs. Hassell, Mr. and Miss Heywood, Mrs. G. W. Hall, Mrs. P. Hanmer the Rev. T. A. and Mrs. Hamilton, Mr. and Mrs. G. Harris, Professor and Mrs. Haslam, Mr. Mrs. and Miss Helmore, Mr. and Mrs. Hamilton, Mr. and Miss J. 0'B. Hoare, Mr. D. and Misses Hoare, Sir John and Lady Hall, Mr. M. Harper, Canon and the Misses Harper, Rev. J. and Mrs. Holland, Rev. F. A. Hare, Mr. and Mrs. G. Harper, Miss Harper, the Messrs. Harper, Rev. F. and Miss Hoggins, Mr. and Mrs. H. P. Hill, the Misses Hill, Mr. and Mrs. G. Hanmer, Mrs. Inman, Dr. Mrs. and Miss Irving, Dr. W. Irving, the Rev. F. Inwood, Mr. Mrs. and the Misses Izard, Mrs. and Miss Jacobs, Dr. and Mrs. Jennings, Mr. W. Jones, Mr. and Mrs. W. Jameson, Mr. and Mrs. G. Jameson, the Rev. and Mrs. W. Knowles, Canon and Mrs. Knowles, Mr. and Mrs. Knubley, Mr. and Mrs. Meredith Kaye, Mr. Mrs. and Miss Kinley, Sister Kate, Mrs. Luxmore, Archdeacon and the Misses Lingard, the Misses Lean, Mr. and Mrs. H. Lake, Mr. Mrs. and Miss C. Louisson, Miss Lissaman, Mr. and Mrs. Little, Mr. A. Lyon, Mr. and Mrs. Le Cren, Mr. and Mrs. W. S. Lindsay, Mrs. Mathias, the Rev. H. H. and Mrs. Mathias, Mr. and Miss Macfarlane, Mrs. Macdonald, Mr. B. Macdonald, Mr. and Mrs. H. D. Meares, Mr, and Mrs. G. McIntyre, Mr. and Mrs. D. McLaren, Mr. J. Malin, Mr., Mrs. and the Misses W. D. Meares, Mr. Mrs. and Miss G. Merton, Mr. Mrs. and Miss Maude, Mr. and Mrs. W. Moore, Mr. and Mrs. McDougall, Mr. and Mrs. C. G. Matheson, Mr. and Mrs. Morton, Mr. and Mrs. Marciel, Mr. and Mrs. R. M. Macdonald, Mr. Laing-Meeson, Mrs. B. H. and Miss Moorehouse, Dr. Moorehouse, Dr. and Mrs. Mickle, Mr. Mrs. and Misses Maling, the Hon W. Montgomery, Messrs. W. H. and J. Montgomery, Mr. Mrs. and Miss Malet, Mr. and Mrs. R. J. Maxwell, Rev. T. and Mrs. Meyer, Mr. Newman, Mr. and Mrs. H. N. Nalder, Rev. H. and Mrs. Northcote, Mrs and Mrs. Nisbet, Mr. and Mrs. Orbel, Mr. and Mrs. Ogle, Mr. and Mrs. Otway, Mr. Ormsby, Rev W. H. Orbell, Mrs. and Miss M. Ollivier, Mr. and Mrs. O'Rorke, Mrs. and Miss Prins, Rev. and Mrs. Pollock, Mr. and Mrs. Perry, Dr. and Mrs. J. C. Palmer, Rev. H. J. and Mrs. Purchas, Canon and Mrs. Pascoe, Mr. Mrs. and Miss Palmer, Mr. S. S. Payton, Mr. H. H. Pitman, Mr. P. Perry, Mr. C. Perry, Rev. J. H. and Mrs. Pritchell, Mrs. and Miss Preston, Miss Povey, Mr. and Mrs. J. T. Peacock, Miss Partridge, Mr. and Mrs. Pyne, Mr's. Pollard, Mr. G. H. Palmer, Miss Parkerson, Mrs. and the Misses Ross, Mr. and Mrs. Heaton Rhodes, Mr. and Mrs. A. Rhodes, Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Rolleston, Mrs. and the Misses Reeves and the Messrs. Reeves, Mr. and Mrs. R. H. Rhodes, Mr. and Mrs. G. A. Rhodes, Major and Mrs. Richards, Mr. and Mrs. W. Reece, Mr. and Mrs. G. G. Russell, Mr. and Mrs. Gordon Rich, Mr. and Mrs. G. Rhodes, Mr. Mrs. and Miss Russell, Miss and Mr. J. Rolleston, Mr. F. I. Rolleston, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Rutherford, Mr. G. Ritchie, Mr. Mrs. and Miss Ronalds, Sister Rose, Miss Stopford, Dr. and Mrs. Symes, Professor and Mrs. Scott, Mr. and Mrs. Smithson, Rev. C. A. and Mrs. Scott, Mrs. M. and Mrs. Studholme, Mr. and Mrs. Starkey, Mr. and Mrs. Stead, Mr. W. Stead, Rev. F. J. and Mrs. Smyth, Lieutenant-Colonel, Mrs. and Miss Slater, Mr. C. Studholme, Rev. J. and Mrs. Sheldon, Mr. C. C. Studholme, Mr. and Mrs. Strachey, Mr. W. G. Smith, Mr. and Mrs. J. Studholme, Rev. H. and Mrs. Smyth, Mrs. and Miss Sanders, Miss Tanner, Mr. Thierens, Rev. and Mrs. Turrell, Mr. Mrs. and Miss Tendall, Mr. C. Tendall, Mr. and Mrs. C. Turrell, Rev. R. J. Mrs. and Miss Thorpe, Mr. Mrs. and Miss Thomas, Mr. G. Tapper, Mr. Mrs, and the Misses Tabart, Mrs. and Miss Tripp, Miss Templer, Rev. C. and Mrs. Tobin, Mr. and Mrs. T. Teschmaker, Mr. and Mrs. Scott Thomson, Mr. and Mrs. F. W. Thompson, Mrs. and Miss Thomas, the Misses Tripp, Mr. and Mrs. Trent, Sir James and. Mr. Fraser-Tytler, Mr. B. Tripp, Dr. and Mrs. Thomas, Mr. and Mrs. Turnbull, Mr. C. de S. Teschmaker, Mr. H. J. Teschmaker, Mr. and Mrs. A. G. Turner, Mrs. Teschmaker, Miss Tipping, Mrs. Vernon Misses Colborne-Veel, Mr. and Mrs. W. F. Watson, Rev. W. T. P. and Mrs. Winter, Mrs. W Willock, Mr, Mrs. and Miss Wilding, Mrs. and Miss J. Williams, Messrs. Williams, Miss Wodehouse, Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Wilson, Mr. Mrs. and Miss Way, Mr. and Mrs. Wardrop, Mrs. Woodhouse, Mrs. and the Misses Woollcombe, Mr. and Mrs. G. Way, Mrs. C. Whitefoord, Mrs. and the Misses Wilson, the Misses Webster, Mr., Mrs. and Miss Wilson, Rev. H. and Mrs. Williams, Rev. H. A. and Mrs. Watson, Mr. and Mrs. Wigram, Mr., Mrs. and Miss Wynn-Williams, Mr. and Mrs. T. S. Watson, Rev. R. A. and Mrs. Woodthorpe, Mr. W. Wood, Mrs. R. Weed and Miss Webb, Mrs. Miss and Mr. R. Wigley, Rev. H. C. M., Mrs. and Miss Watson, Mr. and Mrs. Wray, Mr. Miss and Miss Westenra, Mr. P. Westenra, Mr. and Mrs. W. D. Wood, Mr. and Mrs. Woodroffe, Mr. W ilfred White, Rev. L. Carsley Brady, Mr. and Mrs. J. Wood, Mr. and Mrs. F. M. Wallace, the Hon. W. C. and Mrs. Walker, Miss and Mrs. D. Walker, Mr. H. R. Mrs, and Miss W ebb, Mr. and Mrs. Walcot-Wood.
THE PRESENTS : The following is a list of the presents :-
A diamond necklace and diamond crescent brooch, Mr. A. S. Elworthy ; six silver table lamps, Bishop of Christchurch and Mrs. Julius; silver-mounted tray, inlaid with medals, and silver tea and coffee service, Mrs. Elworthy ; silver cigar-box and silver handled parasol, Mr. and Mrs. Meville Jameson; pearl and turquoise pendant, with, gold chain, Bishop of Melanesia. and Mrs. Wilson; silver manicure set, Mr. and Mrs. G. A. Julius; silver hand-glass and silver-mounted cigarcase, Mr. and Mrs. W. N. Bond ; pearl and diamond pendant, with gold chain, and Chippendale cabinet:, Miss Elworthy ; cheque, Mr. H. Elworthy ; oak cabinet, Mr. P. Elworthy ; silver card-case; and sofa cushion, Mrs. Julius ; silver revolving dish and table centre, Miss Julius; silver powder-box and silver hair-pin box, Miss M. Elworthy ; silver jardiniere, Misses A. and B. Julius ; silver jug, the Earl and Countess of Ranfurly ; Doulton bowl, Bishop of Wellington and Mrs. Wallace; silver-backed brush and comb, Mrs. H. Bond ; pair of silver vases, Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Bond; cheque, Mr. and Mrs. C. Y . O'Connor ; pair of silver candlesticks, Mr. and Mrs. J. Embling ; Doulton vase, Bishopcourt household; cheque, Miss I. Rowlandson, England; three cut-glass spirit decanters, in oak stands, Mr. C. Teschemaker ; silver lemon-squeezer and goblet, Mr. H. Teschemaker; silvermounted shaving brush, Captain Teschemaker; cheque, the Misses Pratt, London; picture, the; Misses Hey, London; four silver bon-bon dishes, Mr. Hamlyn; ; riding crop, Captain and Mrs. Hall; four silver entree dishes, Mr. and Mrs. T. Shorrock; ; silver egg stand, Mr. and Mrs. Cheetham ; pair of silver vases, Mr. and Mrs. W. Hamlyn; silver cigarettelighter, Mr. Armitage; gold-mounted cigarette-holder, Mr. Macpherson; pair of silver and cut-glass vases and silver and cut, glass scent bottle, Dr. Ovenden ; picture, Mrs. and Messrs. H. R. Williams; embroidered sofa, cushion, Miss. H. Williams; Chinese silk, Rev. and Mrs. Flower; embroidered table-cloth, Mr. and Mrs. G. Western, England; fountain pen, Miss E. Western, England; embroidered photo frame, Miss Lewis ; silver cruet stand, Mr. H. Tripp ; clock, Mr. and Mrs. F. M. Wallace,; biscuit barrel, Major and Mrs. Richards; china afternoon tea-set, Mrs. Bromley Cox; greenstone paper knifes Miss and Miss N. Bromley Cox; Crown Derby plates Miss Monica Cox; embroidered sachets, Miss Tripp ; silver butter dish, Canon Harper; gold and pearl pendant and gold chain, and china, tea. set, Mr. and Mrs. Wilson, Cashmere; silver cream jug, lion. J. B. and Mrs. Acland; silver toilet box, Miss R. Acland ; Burmese ware tray, Professor, Mrs, and Miss, Cook ; Maltese silk doylies, the Misses M. and G. Anderson; pair of Japanese jars, Rev. and Mrs. C. 0. Pollock; pair of silver knife rests, Mr. and Mrs. Phillips; silk Maltese handkerchief, Miss Waller, England ; butter dish, Mr. and Mrs. Vernon Hall ; silver vase, Mr. Thierens ; embroidered photo frame, Miss F. Studholme. ; Doulton bowl, Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Way; Doulton cheese-holder, Mr. and Mrs. Hill Fisher; silver tea service, Mr. and Mrs. R. H. Rhodes ; Crown Derby vase, Mr. W. Wood; bread-cutting machine, Mr. and Mrs. R. Macdonald ; Doulton vase, Mr. and Mrs. E. Y. Cox; Italian vellum frame, the. Misses Cox; silver bon-bon dishes, Mr. and Mrs. J. Anderson; silver photo frame Mr. and Mrs. Smithson; silver inkstand, pen and pencil, Mrs. M. Studholme and Mr. E. C. Studholme ; cutglass spirit decanters, in oak stand, Mr. and Mrs. W. Cartwright ; silver salver, presented by members of the South Canterbury Hunt Club ; silver and pearl bread fork, Mr. and Mrs. Holt; silver tray, Mr. and Mrs. Buchanan ; silver matchbox, Mr. Mostyn Jones; silver butter dish, Mr. and Mrs. C. Ferry; silver cigar rest, Mr. and Mrs. Goldingham ; silver fruit knife, Miss Lissaman ; silver butter dish, Mr. and Mrs. H. Le Cren ; silver-mounted Crown Derby jam dish, and silver-mounted matchbox, Mr. and Mrs. Bristol ; Doulton vase, Mr. and Mrs. H. J. Ogle ; picture, Mr. Carlyle Studholme ; handsome china vase, Mr. and Mrs. Knubley ; silver matchbox, Mrs. Stewart Worcester plate, the Misses E. and T. and Mr. E. Cardale ; silver photo frame, Mr. J. Mating ; Worcester jar, Miss M. Mating; silver - mounted scent bottle, Miss E. Haling ; china, tea service., Rev. and Mrs. H. M. Smyth ; Tutarsio china candlesticks, Dr. and Mrs. Irving ; silver teaspoons, Mr. and Mrs. H. Ford; pair Cloisonne vases, Archdeacon Harper ; silver card tray, Mrs. Heaton Rhodes; "At Home" book, Mr. and Mrs. Hastings Bridge; two volumes of Ruskin, Mr, and Mrs. G. F. Tendall and Family; silver-mounted scent bottle, Mr. and Mrs. P. Campbell; nine volumes of Rudyard Kipling, Dr. Drew; picture, Mr. and Mrs. and Miss Cowlishaw ; pair of silver vases, Mrs. Macdonald ; Oriental drapery, Mr. E. Macdonald; pearl-shell sugar scoop, Mrs. Comins (Norfolk Island) ; four Worcester vases, Mr. and Mrs. Izard ; pair silver vases, Dr. and Mrs. W. P. Evans; pair silver salt cellars, Mr. Mrs. and Miss Wyn-Williams; picture, Dr. Gane,; three silver-mounted vases, Mrs. and Miss. Slater ; silver mounted scent bottle, Mr. Griffith Smithe ; silver cake basket, Hon. W. Montgomery; silver manicure set., Cathedral choir boys; silver hot water jug, Mrs. P. Bouverie Luxmore ; silver and glass cake basket, Mr. and Mrs. W. D. Wood; pair silver pepper pots, Dr. and Mrs. C. E. Thomas; embroidered photograph frame, Miss Ainger ; box of handkerchiefs, Miss Lambe (England) ; picture, Miss D. and Mr. F. Rolleston ; lace handkerchief, Miss Emery (England) ; pair silver pepper pots, Mrs. G. Rhodes; embroidered sachet, Miss F. Woollcombe; silver bonbon dish, Rev. and Mrs. Winter; silver-mounted green stone paper knife, Mr. and Mrs. Tabart; clock, Sir John and Lady Hall; silver-mounted purse, Mr. and Mrs. H. Catterill; silver bonbon dish, Mr. and Mrs. Nisbet; silvermounted claret jug, Mr., Mrs. and Miss Graham; pair of silver bonbon dishes, Messrs. C. and E. Harper ; pair of silver salt cellars; Mr. and Mrs. Maude; silver-mounted bag, Rev. and the Misses Hoare; carved table, Canon and Mrs. Knowles; Doulton vase, Mr. J. M. Heywood; silver-mounted toilet-box, Mr. M. Ormsby; silver purse, Mrs. Ollivier; pair of ivory knife-rests, Mr. and Mrs. C. Matson ; antique silver goblet, Miss Ambler; pair of silver and cut-glass toilet-boxes, Dr. and Mrs. Palmer; pair silver candlesticks, Mr. and Mrs. Pitman; pair of silver-mounted trays, Messrs. G. and C. Weston ; glass fire-screen, Mr. and Mrs. J. Hewett; carved double photograph frame, Professor and Mrs. Scott; Wedgewood hot-water jug, Mrs. Croasdale Bowen; Irish china shell dish, Miss A. Bowen; embroidered tablecloth, Hon. C. C. and Mrs. Bowen ; prayer and hymn book in case, Rev. T. and Mrs. Hamilton; lace handkerchief, Mr. and Mrs. Croxton ; pair of Stoke china vases, Mr. and Mrs. T. Y . Wardrop ; Hood's poems, Mr. and Mrs. Joshua Little.; Russian leather writing-case, Miss Hicks; silver sugar basin, Mrs. G. Rhodes ; Doulton vase, Mr. and Mrs. Meredith Kaye; Doulton vase, Mr. C. Perry ; silver candlesticks, Colonel and Mrs. Gordon ; pair of vases, Mr. and Mrs. Scott-Thomson ; picture, Mrs. E. Hardcastle ; Tutarsio china vase, Mrs. H. D. Meares ; pair silver salt cellars, Mr. and Mrs. Westenra ; pair Tutarsio vases, Miss Marmaduke Dixon ; pair silver-mounted vases, Mrs. Inman ; silver-mounted scent bottle, Mr. and Mrs. J. Dryden Hall ; silver-mounted jam dish, Miss Fairhurst ; silver butter dish, Mr. and Mrs. Kinsey; silver mustard, cayenne and pepper pots, Mr. and Mrs. F. W. Thompson; pair silver butter knives, Mr. and Mrs. H. W. Hargreaves; case, silver button-hook, glove-stretchers, shoe-horn, and glove buttonhook, Rev. L. Carsley Bradey ; cheque, Mr. M. Harper ; Kaiapoi rug, Mr. and Mrs. R. A. Chaffey; silver nut-crackers, Mrs. Wigley; Cloisonne vase, Mr. and Mrs. H. F. Wigram ; silver-mounted purse, Committee, of S.P.C.A. ; four silver and cut-glass vases, Mr. and Mrs. G. G. Stead ; silver and cut-glass scent bottle, Mr. W. G. Stead; embroidered traycloth, Mrs. Helmore ; picture, Mr. and Mrs. H. J. Beswick ; Barmware vase, Mrs. Willock ; pair silver and cut-glass scent bottles, Mr. and Mrs. S. S. Blackburne; ; silver toilet-box, Mr. and Mrs. Henry Wood; Worcester bowl, Mrs. D. M. Moorhouse; picture, Captain Garcia; Doulton jug, Rev. W. H. Orbell; picture, Mrs. F. W. Haslam; clock, Mr. and Mrs. Trent; four silvermounted vases, Mr. and Mrs. Cobham ; Limoges jar, Dr. and Mrs. Cox; silver-mounted vase, Mr. and Mrs. R. E. M'Dougall; silver bonbon dish, Mr. and Mrs. B. H. Burns ; Doulton tray, Canon and Mrs. Cotterill ; Doulton boyd, Dr. and Mrs. P. W. Anderson ; silvermounted ivory paper-knife, Mr. and Mrs. W. P. Andrews ; silver egg-stand, Dr. and Mrs. Mickle ; silver and china coffee service, Mr. and, Mrs. W. Reece; cake stand, Rev. and Mrs. Crudens ; silvermounted honey dish, Mr. and Mrs. A. R. Bloxam ; silver ink-stand, Mr. and Mrs. H. P. Hill; embroidered table centre, Miss Hill; duchesse tablecloth and mats, Miss E. Hill; silver fish-knife and fork, Mr. and Mrs. Blakiston ; Japanese feather fan, Mr. and Mrs. MacLeod Smith; two Maori bags, Rev. W. and Mrs. Blathwaite ; four Crown Derby plates, Mrs. Fenwick ; two silver fruit spoons, Canon and Mrs. Dunkley ; case of silver spoons, Mr. and Mrs. T. Garrard; silver fruit spoon and bread fork, Dr. and Mrs. Symes ; embroidered traycloth, Miss B. Buller; case of silver spoons and pair silver salt cellars, Dr. and Mrs. A. Stuart Reid ; silk drapery, Mr. Mrs. and Miss Acton-Adams ; pair old silver bonbon dishes, Miss B. Russell; picture, Dr. and Mrs. C. Morton Anderson; silver bread fork, Mr. and Mrs. H. W. Bishop; Russian leather writing case, Mr. and Mrs. G. M'Intyre ; picture, Rev. W. and Mrs. Knowles; pair brass candlesticks, Mr. and Mrs. Bourne; worked traycloth, Miss Harley; two picture, Dr. and Mrs. Jennings; case of silver spoons Mr. and Mrs. H. Ford; silver-mounted dressing-case, with fittings, presented by the Cathedral sidesmen ; oak chair, Mr. and Mrs. C. S. Fraser; oak " Monk's seat," Mr. and Mrs. T.
Teschemaker ; Doulton bowl, Dr. and Mrs. Elmslie; Doulton bowl, Mr. and Mrs. H. H. Loughnan ; silver-mounted glass matchbox, Miss H. Cotterill; pair silver napkin rings, Mr. W. H. Montgomery; Doulton bowl, Archdeacon and Mrs. Cholmondeley; Doulton hotwater jug, Mr. and Mrs. Bridge's ; Herbert's poems, Canon and Mrs. Pascoe; rose bowl, Mrs. and Miss A. Chevallier Preston; pair silver-mounted vases, Mr. J. Montgomery; double silver cornucopia vase, Mr. and Mrs. Duncan Cameron; silver photograph frame, Miss E. Cameron; silver photograph frame, Miss M. Cameron; silver butter dish, Mr. and Mrs. W. Morton; silver-mounted cream jug and sugar basin, Mr. and Mrs. J. Palmer; pair silver-mounted trays, Mr. M. Denniston; silver butter knife, Mr. and Mrs. W. F. Watson; Doulton vase, Mr. and Mrs. O'Rorke ; picture, the Misses. Gardner ; silver asparagus tongs, Mr. and Mrs. Common ; Doulton jug, Misses W. M. Cotterill ; china tea service, Mrs. J. Studholme ; silver cigarette case, Mrs. Laing Meeson ; silver bowl, Mr. G. Denniston ; a silver sugar basin, Mr. and Mrs. G. Russell ; carved photograph frame, Mrs. Everest; carved tray Mrs, and the Misses Russell Webb; silver-mounted purse, Mr. and Mrs. W. F. Lindsay; worked handkerchief sachet, Misses N. and C. Gresson ; New Zealand wood photograph frame, Miss Povey ; six silver-mounted vases, Mr. and Mrs. T. S. Weston ; silver-mounted vase, Mr. Heaseman ; Wordsworth's and Longfellow's poems, Rev: R. A. and Mrs. Woodthorpe ; pair silver-mounted vases, Mr. and Mrs. H. R. Webb; carved tray, Mrs. F. G. Thomas; hand-painted screen Miss Partridge; two silver toulet boxes, Mr. and Mrs. W. B. Dixon; picture, Misses V. and S. Devenish Meares; lavender bags, Mrs. A. Haines; picture, Mr. Bernard Tripp; Doulton vase, Mr. and Mrs. Dudley; picture, Miss K. Nedwill; Doulton jug, Mr. and Mrs. Dudley Jameson; tortoiseshell card-case, Mr. and Mrs. Homersham; New Zealand wood four photograph frame, Sister Edith ; embroidered tablecloth, Mr. and Mrs. Neave; photograph-frame, Mrs. Reeves.; pair midget frames, Miss M. Reeves; Doulton bowl, Mrs. Gould; silver ladies' companion, Mrs. Chapman ; Doulton jug, Miss L. Harper ; picture, Mr. T. W. Cane; pair silver fruit, spoons, Mr. and Mrs. D. McLaren; ; silver-mounted pocket-book, Mrs. T. B. Beckett; silver bonbon dish, Mrs. Norton Francis ; silver toast rack, Mr. J. M. Tripp; four silver pepper pots and silver napkin rings, Mr. E. and Mr. J. Ford; case of silvermounted pipes and silver matchbox, Mr. and Mrs. H. Ford; pincushion and pair glass salt cellars, Mr. and Mrs. C. M. Strachey; china coffee set (England) ; Doulton bowl, Mr. and Mrs. J. Deans ; silver butter dish, Rev. and Mrs. Airey Watson ; two Limoges and one Doulton plate, Mr. and Mrs. R. D. Thomas ; worked table centre, Miss .Y. Weight; scent bottle in case, Mr. and Mrs. Eichbaum ; Japanese table centres and doyleys, and photograph wall frame, Mr. and Mrs. Wilding; carved table, the Misses and Master P, Cosgroves ; silvermounted ivory paper knife, Mr. and Mrs. A. Rhodes ; silver photograph frame, Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Turnbull ; four Limoges plates, Mrs. C. Fenwick; Doulton hot-water jug, Mr. and Mrs. Nalder; Kaffe Fanne, Mr. I. Gibbs ; silver toilet box, Mr. and Mrs. Boyle; silver-mounted inkstand, Mr. and the Misses Murray-Aynsley ; Tennyson's poems, Mrs. Mathias; embroidered tray cloth, Mr, Whitefoord ; Barum ware bowl, Mr. and Mrs. Greenwood ; silver gong, Mrs. G. Merton; silver card tray, Mrs. A. Cracroft Wilson; gold brooch, Mrs. Curnow ; Worcester jug, Mrs. H. Ford; two silver dessert spoons, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Rutherford ; jam dish, Miss M. Studholme ; embroidered photograph frames, Misses L. and B. Saunders; embroidered tray cloth, Miss Chaffey; gold brooch, Christchurch Musical Union Orchestra; silver frame, Mr. and Mrs. C. N. Orbell.

Ella was a Life Member of the Canterbury Jockey Club.

OBITUARY: Mrs E. C. Elworthy
The death occurred at her home in Christchurch yesterday of Mrs E. C. Elworthy, wife of the late Mr A. S. Elworthy, formerly of Holme Station. Mrs Elworthy who was a daughter of Archbishop Julius, the first Primate of New Zealand, was born at Richmond, England, and came to New Zealand when her father was appointed Bishop of Christchurch. In 1899 she married Mr Elworthy and went to Holme Station, returning to Christchurch after the station was subdivided following the Second World War.
Mrs Elworthy, who did not participate in public matters, was nevertheless deeply interested in her husband's activities as president of the Canterbury Jockey Club and master of the South Canterbury Hunt. In recognition of her interest and services, the jockey club created her a life member. Before her marriage, and subsequently, Mrs Elworthy was interested in music, and before going to Holme Station she was a violinist with the Christchurch Orchestra. Later her interest turned to the piano (becoming a very talented classical pianist) and it was usual for her to play the "extras" at Hunt Club balls and other similar social functions. Mrs Elworthy led a retired life in Christchurch probably her primary interest being the affairs of the Anglican Cathedral, from where her funeral will take place today.
Mrs Elworthy is survived by a family of four. They are: Mr Edward Elworthy (Four Peaks), Mr John Elworthy (Scarborough), Mrs H Sinclair-Thompson (Timaru), and Mrs D W J Gould (Christchurch)

Other Records

1. Census: England, 3 Apr 1881, 44 Milner Sq Islington London. Ella is described as a daughter aged 1 born Islington MDX

Ella married Arthur Stanley ELWORTHY [595], son of Edward ELWORTHY [633] and Sarah Maria SHORROCK [2057], on 19 Apr 1900 in Christchurch Cathedral N.Z. Arthur was born in Jul 1874 in Holme Station Pareora Sth Canty., died on 7 Dec 1962 in Holmwood Fendalton Christchurch NZ at age 88, and was cremated on 10 Dec 1962 in Christchurch Crematorium.

General Notes:
Arthur's health was not robust in his youth and with the premature death of his older male siblings it was for a time a concern to his parents. He was educated both by private tutor and at English public schools during his parents extended stays in England, a great party was thrown at Holme Station on his 21st birthday. However three and a half years later at 24 he was abruptly thrown into running Holme Station on his fathers death.
A good marriage to a confident Ella Julius the next year set in place the continuance of Elworthy's on the land, at Pareora, which continues into the 21st C.
Although Arthur had more than 20 men employed he was a hands on farmer, and with his brothers, an early adopter of new technology. He continued to improve the stud stock lines started by his father, and, with his wife, played a prominant role in South Canterbury life over the first 50yrs of the 20th C.
Arthur & Ella were generous hosts and employers, however it was wise not to presume upon them. Arthur was also very much a businessman, not inclined to encourage distant family members to presume on his hospitality. Harold (Harry) L Fenn [33] remembers that in 1906 when he came to Holme Station, at the suggestion of his Uncle Churchill Julius to learn to farm, Arthur greeted him with "Just because you are some sort of relative Fenn don't expect any favours around here." To make the point he was given the whare (hut) to sleep in, however the point made, Harry became a loved and included member of the family.

The Fire at Holme Station.
The Fight with the Flames.
Unrehearsed Deeds of Daring.
A Descriptive Account.
"Never again" These were the solemn words of an old servant, who stood beside the ruins of the magnificent structure known as the Holme Station homestead, that has been the home of Mr Arthur S. Elworthy for many years, and the home of his father before him. "46 years come next month" said the old servant reflectively "and they'll never see it again". The old fellow's conversation was so extremely melancholy that the "Post" representative hastened to change the topic to one of a more agreeable nature. It was only on Thursday last, it appears, that Mr and Mrs Arthur Elworthy took their departure for Australia, leaving behind them there fairly large retinue of domestic servants and farm assistants, and their four children - Edward, aged eight years; Rachel, aged seven years; Bettie, aged five years, and Johnnie aged three years - in charge of the governess, Miss Ford. Mr P A Elworthy, of Gordon's Valley, returned last Saturday from a visit to Australia, while Mr Herbert Elworthy, is at present touring the South Sea Islands. It was Mr and Mrs Arthur Elworthy's intention to have gone on an extensive motorcar tour in Australia, but the fates were not kind to them, and immediately on Mr Elworthy stepping off the boat at Sydney he was handed the following startling communication: "Homestead totally destroyed by fire this morning". The consternation of the recipient may be better imagined than described, and was intimated in a brief table home, "Returning by next boat".
Viewed yesterday, the huge mass of burning and smoking debris revealed merely the fact that a fire had taken place. There was little to indicate that a magnificent old building, teeming with historical associations for one of the oldest families in South Canterbury, and containing some L3000 worth of the finest furniture and curios to be found anywhere in the Dominion, was represented in those smouldering ashes. Yet such was the fact. The fine old home was estimated to be worth between L4000 and L5000, and was insured for L3700, while the furniture was valued at something like L3000, and was insured for L2500. In a home of this description, however, as, in fact, in all homes more or less, there are articles of furniture whose commercial value for insurance purposes is but the merest trifle of the value that the owner places upon them. The curios, collected from all parts of the globe at infinite trouble and no little expense, were valued because of the associations that surrounded them, and the story of travel and adventure that each little article recalled; their commercial value was not a consideration, inasmuch as the owner was not prepared to sell them.
Features of the House.
The house, which was built of fine old seasoned timber, and plastered throughout, contained 26 rooms, in addition to a liberal provision of larders cupboards etc. The rear portion of the dwelling was erected by the late Mr Edward Elworthy in the year 1864, but it has had several additions made to it from time to time. The latest addition was the northern wing, containing a handsomely furnished billiard room. Among the 26 rooms were, of course, numerous bedrooms; also two nurseries (one downstairs and the other upstairs), a schoolroom, a sewing room, a morning room, a drawing room, dining room, dressing rooms, etc. Every apartment was furnished in a thoroughly complete and up-to-date manner, and contained every convenience that a modern gentleman could desire. The whole dwelling was lit by electricity, supplied from a special powerhouse situated about 30 yards to the west of the dwelling. In the rear portion of the structure were situated the kitchen, the scullery, the servants sitting room, and to the south of these rooms divided by a passage, were the cellar and the dairy. It was somewhere in this portion of the building, probably in the servants sitting room, that the fire originated. Credence is lent to this deduction by the fact that the fire was first noticed in this quarter, and it was certainly the most thoroughly burnt out section of the whole dwelling. The servants declare that they left a low burning fire in a perfectly safe condition, but it is a well-known fact that it is in these low burning, apparently safe fires that little coal gas explosions sometimes take place with the result that burning cinders are thrown out into the room, and disaster follows. There would seem to be still plenty of reason, in this modern era, for the use of the old-fashioned safety guard, that was supposed to perform the double duty of barring the outward progress of exploded cinders, and of swelling the dividends of the insurance companies.
The Holme Station, it should be mentioned, is a magnificent estate of about 5000 acres of first-class land. The homestead faced to the east, and from the front one could obtain an uninterrupted view of the beautiful country that stretches in one great plain as far as the eye could reach. To the north west towers Mount Horrible; to the west the chain of hills, some distance behind which, lies the Timaru Borough's Pareora water dam. The homestead is well protected by tall plantations, while in the immediate vicinity of the destroyed dwelling are beautifully laid out grounds, containing flower beds, rose avenues, and beautiful English and colonial trees. To the west, and with its branches resting over the roof of the dwelling was an aged walnut tree which, to the homestead hands at least, has now a melancholy historical interest. It's huge blackened stem and charred branches speak eloquently of the part it played in the sorry conflagration.
At 11 o'clock on Monday evening the maids and the governess retired to bed; the children had long since been wrapped in the arms of slumber. The homestead male hands, with the curious propensity of their sex, have not yet acquired the habit of early retirement. At 1:00 a.m. one of these hands sauntered across the yard for a final breath of fresh air before retiring. The night was an extremely beautiful one. The moon shone with unwonted brilliance, and the gentleman in question confesses to the belief that the old homestead never looked half as charming as it did that morning. At the hour mentioned he is quite satisfied that there was not a suggestion of the coming fate of the old home. Everything looked perfectly peaceable, and the servants sitting room, shaded as it was by the dairy, was quite dark, and there was not the faintest illumination of any description that could serve to arouse his suspicions. In short, he is quite positive that at 1:10 a.m. the house had not caught fire, and at that hour he retired to bed perfectly easy in mind.
The Outbreak.
There is something unusually tragic about a country fire. There is no fire alarm to give, no fire brigade to call, and, as a rule, no fire appliances with which to quell the outbreak. A country fire is almost invariably a devastation, which the owner and friends are compelled to watch in exasperating impotence. The hand of the clock had just past the hour of two o'clock when Mrs Popham, who occupies the position of cook at the homestead, was awakened by a slight crackling noise. Womanlike, she did not wait to argue as to whether she were dreaming, but was alert on the instant. One moment of complete wakefulness was sufficient to satisfy her that the house was on fire, and she immediately sounded the alarm. Rushing to the maids and governess's quarters she called to them to get out of the house, and after awakening Mr Fenn (the cadet), she rushed to the men's quarters. With an alacrity born of the moment, Mr Pearse (the under gardener), Mr Jones (the dairy man), and Mr Philip (the chauffeur, and son of the manager), lept from their respective bunks and rushed to the scene of the outbreak. It was immediately apparent, however, that any attempt to save the homestead was hopeless. Huge flames and clouds of smoke were curling up from the servants sitting room and the scullery, and already the flames were eating their way to the northern wing and the centre of the house. A call on the telephone showed it to be out of working order, and, without waiting to debate the point, the chauffeur made haste to the station, where the farmhands reside, in search of assistance. Meanwhile the under gardener, the dairy man, and Mr Fenn set to work on the only possible hope before them, that of saving some of the more valuable furniture. The six maids, the governess, and before children, clothed only in their night robes, had by this time found their way onto the lawn, and there, bare footed, and exposed to the bitter frost and the bedewed ground, they stood shivering and debating the best course to pursue. After a short consultation, as the front of the house was free from flames and smoke, it was decided to place the children in one of the rooms there out of the cold. Not a whimper was heard from the little mites, and during their progress out of the smoking rooms, on the lawn, into the front of the house, and out again to safety they behaved like true little New Zealanders. The under gardener here revealed a commendable spirit of chivalry and courage. The appearance of the shivering maids on the lawn was too much for him, and although the rooms were ablaze, he determined to enter the servants bedrooms and secure some of the missing garments. Decision and action were the work of a moment, and the pulses of the bystanders were quickened by the sight of Mr Pearse disappearing in head first through the window. A couple of minutes later he emerged, blackened but triumphant, the proud possessor of a huge bundle of feminine garments. The maid's thanks were brief, and their robing operations under the shade of the fir trees of almost as brief duration. To the front of the house Mr Fenn, the Dairymen and the under gardener then directed their attention, and were in the midst of hurried salvage operations, with the assistance of the electric light which had been turned on, when the station hands arrived in breathless haste. Then the salvage work, nobly assisted by the women, began in earnest. The handsome grand piano of inconvenient bulk, was dragged through the broad windows and safely deposited on the lawn. Then followed several valuable pictures and other miscellaneous objects of value. In the midst of the operations the electric light gave out, the wire having been burnt through, and the salvagers were left in semidarkness. Still the salvage work went on, and valuable crockery ware, ornaments, and the further pictures were removed from the front rooms. In his hurry the under gardener had the misfortune to put his head through one of the pictures, and was much relieved yesterday afternoon on receiving the assurance that the picture had not greatly depreciated in value. His comrades aver that his appearance through the window with the tangled framework about his shoulders and a handsome painted face surrounding his own smoke begrimed, though not by any means unhandsome countenance, was most interesting. Almost the last article to be saved was with a famed picture table, the property of Mr Bond, whose wife had charge of the homestead at the time of the fire. This unique piece of work, made of innumerable small panels of wood, and picked out in the resemblance of the Saviour, is valued at 500 guineas, and the under gardener was also the hero of its salvation. Hearing that it was missing, he entered the burning building, and after considerable suffocating, rummaging among upturned furniture he triumphantly brought out the valuable article uninjured. At this stage Mr P. A. Elworthy, of Gorton's Valley Station, some 3 miles distant, arrived with a force of men, and they, along with the Holme Station hands, rendered invaluable assistance. Shortly after three o'clock, however, the tremendous heat thrown out by the burning building, compelled the discontinuing of the salvaging operations, and all hands stood by to watch the final stages of the destruction of the magnificent old home. And overlooking the destruction involved, it was truly superb spectacle. The night was one of perfect calm, and to this fact is due the entire lack of injury to the powerhouse and other scattered buildings. The flames shot straight upwards, and, curiously enough, the greater volume of direct flame came through the several tall chimneys. At about four o'clock the upper storey gave way, and fell with a loud crash onto the foundations. With the illumination afforded by the moon and flames, the surrounding half mile of country was lit up almost as bright as by daylight, and it would have been possible to have picked up a pin anywhere within 200 yards of the homestead. The number of watchers greatly increased as the morning advanced, traps, loaded with would-be helpers, arriving from all directions. Some excitement was created by the rapid explosion of cartridges within the house, and finally by a loud explosion in the cellar. Not before seven o'clock did the flames abate much in fury, by which time the old house was a mere mass of burning debris. The manager of the station (Mr Philip) was promptly on the scene, but like the other watches, was unable to do anything to check the disaster.
The Ruins.
A number of visitors from Timaru and surrounding districts motored or drove out and inspected the ruins yesterday afternoon. The debris continued to smoulder throughout the entire day, and today (Wednesday) was still smoking. The salvaged effects were all removed to places of safety yesterday. It is almost impossible to distinguish any articles of furniture in the ruins. The destruction has been most complete. Five tall chimneys are the sole standing relics of the homestead. A pot of lard on the kitchen range, the misshapen framework of one of the maid's bicycles, a broken bath, an old "luck" horseshoe nailed in a prominent position on one of the chimney stacks, and innumerable scarred books are the sole distinguishable remnants.
The servant maids lost practically all their effects. Two of them lost bicycles, and one L7 in cash, while all lost more than they could afford. The shrunken shrubs about the house bear silent testamony to the heat of the flames.
Yesterday afternoon a curious relic was unearthed amoungst the embers by a visitor in the form of a pretty Dolton ware cup, quite uninjured.
The Timaru Post Wednesday June 22, 1910.

Holme Station Destroyed.
Mr Arthur Elworthy who is absent in Sydney, sustained a serious loss by the complete destruction of his residence, Holme Station, by fire yesterday morning. The fire was discovered about 2 a.m. It had apparently started in the servants hall, whence it reached the roof, and spread over the whole building. The station hands were promptly aroused, and reached the house soon after the fire was discovered, but it then had such a good hold, that even had water appliances been available they would probably have been unable to extinguish it. See that they could do nothing with the fire, all hair and is set to work to save as much of the contents as possible, and the hands assisted by the domestics, managed to save nearly all the pictures, plate (including silver hunting cups and other trophies) and practically all the drawingroom, dining room, and billiard room furniture. The upstairs rooms were soon unapproachable, and nothing was saved from them not even clothing for the children.
As soon as the fire was discovered, Mr Percy Elworthy was rung up by telephone at Gordon's Valley, and he motored down with as many of his employees as he could crowd on to his car, without delay. Mr and Mrs Arthur Elworthy left on a trip to Australia last week, and were expected to reach Sydney yesterday. Their children, and the house's staff were left at Holme Station. The lady who had been left in charge of the children first discovered that the house was on fire, being awakened by the smell of smoke, and she had once gave the alarm.
Holme Station was a very large residence, containing 25 rooms, and consisted of the house erected by the late Edward Elworthy, and several additions that have been made from time to time, one of them recently. The house and contents were insured with Mr C. S. Fraser in the Alliance Office, the building for L3700, and contents for L2550. The fire is supposed to have been caused by a defective chimney. Only a few weeks ago a mantelpiece in one of the bedrooms was found to be ablaze, and was torn down, and another piece of defective work is blamed for the destruction of the house.
Mr A. S. Elworthy would arrive at Sydney yesterday, and on landing would receive a cable conveying the disheartening information of his serious loss. The numerous house staff lost most of their wearing apparel and other belongings.
Timaru Herald Wed June 22 1910 pg5.

Arthur was a Director of Pyne Gould Guinness, Stock & Station Agents, Canterbury, from 1941 to 1955.

Timaru Herald
Elworthy, Arthur Stanley: on December 7, 1962, at Holmwood, Fendalton, Christchurch, dearly loved husband of Ella Elworthy. In his 89 year. Service at the Christchurch Cathedral, on Monday, December 10, at 11:15 AM. To be followed by a private service at the Crematorium. Sprays only. (Lamb A.; and Hayward Ltd).

The death occurred at his home in Christchurch, yesterday morning, of Mr Arthur Stanley Elworthy, former owner of Holme Station, at the age of 88 years. Mr Elworthy, who owned Holme Station from the time of the death of his father, Mr Edward Elworthy, in 1899, until it was sold for subdivision into settlement blocks for returned servicemen in 1948, lived in Christchurch for the last 15 years.
Over the last few years he suffered ill-health, and his interests were confined to matters relating to the administration of horse racing.
Mr Elworthy's contribution to the development of South Canterbury is marked strongly in the history of the district. Through his interest in stud stock during his half-century tenure of Holme Station he was instrumental in raising the breeding standards of 'Southdown and Romney sheep and Friesian cattle throughout the district. His association with the Timaru Agricultural and Pastoral Association, of which he was patron and former president, assisted him to bring his forthright ideas on stud and flock qualities to the attention of farmers in a wide area, an indirectly to bring about a better standard of animal breeding and husbandry, the effects off which are still obvious.
Mr Elworthy was a man inspired to experiment in things relating to farm stock and management, and his views were sought by many of the men who subsequently became leaders of the industry in various parts of the Dominion. Local Body Activities. He put the same interest and effort into local body affairs, but on a confined scale. He limited his activities in this sphere to service on the Waimate County Council. He stood for the Upper Pareora riding of the council in 1917, and except for a period when he left New Zealand on a visit to the United Kingdom, retained his seat until 1947, a year before he sold his Holme Station property to the Government.
Farmers in the district found in Mr Elworthy a sympathetic and vigorous advocate on matters affecting them. The claims of his riding were kept before the council, and he was directly responsible for ensuring a standard of roading and other amenities in Upper Pareora which has made the work of his successors a great deal easier than it could have been.
But Mr Elworthy will be linked in perpetuity with horses and horse racing. For him this was a sport that was lifted virtually into a realm of its own, and with which his name has become synonymous. His successes as a breeder of thoroughbreds, as a rider, and an administrator are practically uncountable. Among the sires whose progeny have featured prominently in the record books of racing were Finland and Royal Fusilier. Winners were bred without number, but standing out amongst them was the track champion Reval.

For Mr Elworthy perhaps the greatest thrill of all in greater years was the knowledge that Entreaty, a magnificent dam that roamed the hills of Holme Station gave birth to the greatest champion of them all - Phar Lap. A regret may have been that he sold her. Yesterday an endeavor was made to trace when Entreaty was sold. It is thought that the foal at her foot at the time she changed from Mr Elworthy's hands may have been the one now claimed as the "great Australian champion." He bred, raced and rode many notable hunters, among them Craigmore, Rowlock, Swagger and Gnat, horses well remembered by followers of the hunt. He was master of the South Canterbury Hunt Club for a period, but was better known for his riding skill over the country, as a gentleman jockey at race meetings and in the show ring. With the advent of polo in the Dominion, his interest quickened and he founded the Pareora Polo Club. With his two brothers. Herbert and Percy Elworthy, and Mr C. L. Orbell, Mr Elworthy competed in all the major polo tournaments in the South Island. He was captain of the club's A team, and was also president.
As a racing administrator, Mr Elworthy was a member of the committee of the South Canterbury Jockey Club in addition to his interest in the Hunt Club. He was also on the board of trustees of the Timaru racecourse. Mr Elworthy joined the Canterbury Jockey Club in 1900, and was a member of the committee from' 1919 to 1958. He was chairman for 15 years, and in recognition of his services was elected an honorary life member in 1948. From 1925 to 1957 he acted as a steward of the club.
In 1938 Mr Elworthy was appointed to represent the Canterbury Jockey Club on the New Zealand Racing Conference, and the following year became president, a post he relinquished in 1942. He continued to serve on the conference however until 1948. In 1961 he was also elected a honorary life member of the Banks Peninsula Racing Club.
Mr Elworthy had other interests during his life in South Canterbury. His love of animals automatically, led him into avenues for their protection, and he was a foundation member of the South Canterbury Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, and its patron at the time of his death.
He was also interested in motoring, and gave expression to this in his membership of the South Canterbury Automobile Association, of which he was chairman for a period. Mr Elworthy married Miss Ella Caroline Julius, a daughter of Archbishop Julius, in 1900, and their wedding was the first celebrated in Christchurch Cathedral, where his funeral service will be read on Monday. He is survived by his wife, two sons, Mr E. S. Elworthy (Four Peaks, Geraldine) and Commander J. C. Elworthy ( Richmond Hill, Sumner) and two daughters, Mrs H. Sinclair-Thompson (Timaru) and Mrs Derrick Gould (Christchurch).

Research Notes:
See entry in New Zealand, Who's Who in New Zealand and the Western Pacific, 1908, 1925, 1938 - Ancestry

Children from this marriage were:

+ 495 M    i. Edward (Ted) Stanley ELWORTHY [596] was born on 8 Jul 1901 in Holme Station Sth Canty., died on 1 Dec 1986 in Christchurch NZ at age 85, and was buried in Woodbury Geraldine.

+ 496 F    ii. Alice Rachel ELWORTHY [598] was born on 28 May 1903, died in 1979 in Christchurch NZ at age 76, and was buried in Geraldine N.Z.

+ 497 F    iii. Elisabeth (Betty) Mary ELWORTHY [602] was born on 10 Nov 1904 in Timaru N.Z., died on 21 Jun 1983 in Christchurch NZ at age 78, and was buried in St Peters Upper Riccarton ChCh.

+ 498 M    iv. Commander John Churchill ELWORTHY R N [608] was born on 15 Jan 1907, died on 23 Aug 1986 in Christchurch NZ at age 79, and was buried in Memorial plaque, All Saints Sumner.

282. Ada Catherine JULIUS [611] (Churchill D D (Archbishop)139, Frederick Gilder MD FRCS (Dr)82, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 29 Jan 1882 in London and died on 11 Jan 1949 in Havelock North NZ at age 66.

General Notes:
An Ada C Julius aged 4 arrived in Victoria September 1884 aboard the South Australian from Britain.
Ref PROV - Unassisted Immigration to Victoria 1852-1923

Julius Jottings June 1901 No 5.
We were sorry to hear, a few months ago, that Ada Julius was down with typhoid fever.

Ada was a life long friend of James R Dennistoun of "Peel Forest" Sth Canterbury, alpinist and Antarctic explorer, she climbed with him in NZ and after one long day climbing, was described thus by him : "Ada is wonderful, and must be wonderfully strong, and has endless endurance and pluck". Ada and Dennistoun were said to have been linked romantically at one time, but Dennistoun was shot down over Germany in 1916 and died of his wounds.
Ada climbed most of NZ's major peaks, and was second only as a woman climber in Australasia, to the great Freda du Faur.

Ada nursed in England during WW1

1 July 46.
My dear Harry,
Bless my dear family across the seas for their kind & marvellously prompt response to the sad news. It gladdened my sad heart & seemed to bring you all so close, you see it was absolutely unexpected & a great shock ridiculous as that sounds - No one, with the physique of a man of 50 & absolutely perfect health & only a little deaf, able to read & go about, wants to go - He did so enjoy life & was as keen & eager as I was to be up & off on our travels when petrol came along - I don't now know why he slipped away & can only think athletes develop some weakness of the heart muscle later in life as that was absolutely his only shaky part. You can't judge of his type by the Julius which has some excellent qualities & some toughness and some rotten guts (to put it delicately) & other unfortunate tendencies. He had the inside of a child & arteries of a man of 50 the Dr said. Well regrets are so useless & I am now absolutely plunged into sorting & disposing of family possessions - of course the nephew's are round like flies round a honeypot & I like having them especially Willie James who is my own age - Ralph Millais is desperately & most unsuccessfully trying to find out "how he stands" all Mr Latto said was Mr Gray has not left Mrs G overwidowed in the riches she wouldn't let him so that may have cheered "the tenth inheritor of a vacant face" considerably. Is it any good making plans I don't know but so far my idea is to be finished here by Nov & spend the winter in Somerset leaving everything such few possessions as I retain stored in the garage - They promise to guarantee me enough petrol to take the car & I may then look up relations & friends & perhaps India before coming out to do ditto in Australia & New Zealand - I'm sure you would all be more pleased to see me if I had so recently inspected your belongings over here - what a lot of of infants are waiting in New Zealand to be inspected including my namesake - several excellent snapshots have given me a v'good idea of the beloved "Missus" & little E.L.F. and a v'good description of the new house sounds just the sort of place I should like to finish up with myself. Poor old Harry won't be changed v much I expect only a bit stiffer and leading a rather painful existence I fear. Do you think fibrositis gives one a faint idea of that vile "osteo" thank goodness my trace has long gone. I'm going to be jolly careful not to get it again - I shall write again if I succeed in looking up Charlie or Van or Adria or the Todds but at the pace set by the lawyers and Trustees who all boiled down to one unfortunate old fellow engaged in a hopeless task of searching for ancient documents among the ruins of his office in Leadenhall I don't see me away till November & may have to put off visits till the spring - poor old Arthur will feel terrible the old place passing out of family hands (after a century & a half like Bowerswell) but the accumulations weren't a quarter as bad as Ella was there to scatter them. These didn't belong to us so I couldn't do v much - as G.V. (Gordons Valley) remains in their hands you will often see B & P (Bertha & Percy) down & have Rachel, if that is of much benefit. I hope I shall get my promised photo of the family as Union Bank of Australia 70 Cornhill will have my address (if I remember to give it them) & so will Bertie C/o Alex Latto, George St. Life goes on as usual & we are tackling the fruit picking at least the "Vacus" was to jam & bottle & store in my garage for our separate uses - one family has found a house & gone & 13 souls remain & are desperately searching round though there is no hurry. Folk apply daily and if the maids weren't firm I daresay we should take them in so pitiful is their plight. Well old boy my love to you all and looking forward to our next happy meeting and meanwhile a photo and thank you for kind sympathy. (What does R.M.D. stand for?) 3 July 46
Letter to Harold L Fenn then living in Timaru NZ.

The first New Zealand woman to climb high alpine peaks is almost unknown and unrecorded. In her one climbing season, 1910-11, she showed considerable ability as a climber, reaching the summits of seven peaks, four of them over 10,000 feet.
However, there was no New Zealand Alpine Journal at the time, no climbs were recorded in the Appendices to the Journal of the House of Representatives in that year because the Tourist Dept was part of the Dept of Agriculture, and in the popular mind she was overshadowed by Freda Du Faur's ascent of Mt Cook that same season.

This climber was Ada Julius, the fourth daughter and sixth child of the Rev Churchill Julius and his wife Alice, nee Rowlandson. They had married in England in 1872, and Ada Catherine was born there in 1881. The family were in Ballarat, Australia, 18841890, before Julius became Bishop of Christchurch in the latter year. The Bishop moved around his diocese, and with his wife, visited the Hermitage and glaciers in February 1891.

Little is known of Ada's first twenty-five years as a younger daughter in a cleric's household. There is evidence that the family was aware of mountain climbing as a recreation in the 1890s. Bishop Julius was verbally attacked in March 1893 for stating-that he could conceive of circumstances under which fishing and mountaineering would be justifiable on a Sunday. Soon after, in January 1895, Ada's brother George climbed the East Peak of Mt Earnslaw in a long day from Kinloch.

However Ada's life must have centred round the church in Christchurch, and upper-middle class activities of Canterbury society. Visiting would have been an important part of her life, including to her sisters after they married. On 1 October 1908 she was bridesmaid at the marriage of her younger sister Bertha to Percy Elworthy of South Canterbury, who had climbed in Europe when at Cambridge University a few years before.

Ada seems to have been able to adapt to her circumstances, but she was not just a dutiful spinster daughter and aunt. She was independent enough to spend some time in the mountains in her late twenties. She was a friend of the Dennistoun family of Peel Forest, and in 1910-11 she went on two mountain expeditions with Jim Dennistoun to whom she was very likely unofficially engaged.

Ada's first major trip into the mountains was in late February 1910. She and Jim went with his sister Barbara, the-English climber Lawrence Earle, Jack Clarke as guide, and other men to help with the horses, on a trip to the Clyde branch of the Rangitata. Ada rode over to Peel Forest from her sister's at Pareora on 19 February on one of Mrs Elworthv's carriage pair, an old grey horse the party named 'Mont Blanc'. Most of them motored to Mt Peel on 21 February, and then rode to Mesopotamia. Dennistoun records Barbara and Earle as being very stiff, so presumably Ada managed the long horse ride well. Ada and Barbara seem to have worn long wide skirts both for riding astride and for their walking in the mountains.

From 22 February the party were mostly in tents as they moved up into the headwaters. On 27 February Ada and Barbara were in the party which got onto the McCoy Glacier, though they were not on the ascent of Mt Nicholson the next day. They all went down river on 1 March because of poor weather, and Ada and Jim walked together the hour and a half from McRaes to Stronscrubie when they might have ridden with the others. Ada and Barbara went out on 2 March as had been planned from the beginning, and the men made the first ascent of Mt D'Archiac on 12 March 1910 from the Havelock branch of the Rangitata river.

The following summer 1910-11 Ada spent about a month in the Mt Cook area and climbed a number of peaks, often as the only woman on the climb, though Barbara was in the party and there were other women in the huts. While a few New Zealand women had done some climbing, Ada was the first New Zealand woman to climb high.

In December 1910 Ada climbed Nun's Veil with Barbara and Jim Dennistoun, and Jack Clarke as guide. Then came a couple of big climbs which Ada accomplished with Jim and Jack - Elie de Beaumont on 14 December, a second ascent, and Malte Brun on December 17, a fifth ascent. George Dennistoun, brother of Jim and Barbara, joined them for Christmas at Malte Brun Hut, where there were other prominent climbing figures: Peter and Alec Graham, Freda du Faur, Hugh Chambers and George Bannister, while Mary Murray Aynsley was also in that party. Fortunately a photograph of this whole group was taken.

Ada achieved a first ascent of Mt Aylmer next to Tasman Saddle on Boxing Day, with the three Dennistouns and Jack Clarke. The following day she climbed De la Beche, a fourth ascent, and both Minarets, a third ascent, though Barbara was not on that climb. On 7 January 1911 Ada and Jim, with guides Jack Clarke and Jim Murphy, made an attempt on Mt Cook, only a month after Freda du Faur had been the first woman to climb that mountain. While they were the first party to reach Green's Saddle from the Linda Glacier, iced-up rocks prevented an ascent of Cook.

Though Freda Du Faur was wearing knickerbockers and a short skirt for climbing, it seems Ada might have worn a long skirt. This would have been difficult on Malte Brun and some years before Jack Clarke had encouraged the first women over Copland Pass to wear trousers, largely for safety reasons. Whether Ada wore trousers underneath and tied up or removed the skirt on actual climbs, is unknown. A family story tells of ice forming at the bottom of the skirt and injuring the legs.

While Jim Dennistoun's great enthusiasm for the mountains, and their relationship, were probably important, Ada must herself have enjoyed climbing to have done so much in a short time. She acquired such competence that by the end of the 1910-11 season she was second only to Freda du Faur as a woman climber, and was certainly the best and most active New Zealand woman. She could have continued to become a great climber, equal to Du Faur who was to become the foremost amateur climber of either sex in New Zealand before the war. However, there is no evidence that Ada ever climbed again and the reason is unknown.

Jim Dennistoun's other activities, or their relationship, may have had a part to play. He was in the Antarctic the summer of 1911-12. However, he did or hoped to do more climbing in the other seasons before the war. He climbed Mt Blackburn with G E Mannering and Peter Graham on 16 February 1913 and his hopes for climbing in 1914 were probably affected by his involvement in the search for three climbers lost in an avalanche on 22 February. Before that, in January, he had journeyed from the Rangitata to the Hermitage via the glaciers. Possibly Ada was overseas by then. Jim left for England about the time war broke out, in late July or early August 1914, but he suggested he would soon be back which implies he had some reason of his own and was not going because of the war.

Jim Dennistoun did serve in the First World War and died in Germany on 9 August 1916 of wounds received when a biplane in which he was observer was shot down over Germany on 26 June. For at least some of the war Ada was nursing in England, in London, but apart from this nothing is known of her life between 1911 and 1918 when she returned from England on her mother's death. For the next twenty years she looked after her father as Bishop and Archbishop and in his retirement from 20 April 1925. The day after that they left for a trip to England but most of this period was spent at the Julius house 'Cloudesley' in Christchurch.

However, within a few months of her father's death on 1 September 1938, Ada Julius married Melville Gray, in late February 1939, at Marlborough, Wiltshire, in England. The bridegroom was 91 years old, and because of this the marriage created a stir in English newspapers, to the extent that it took place at 8am to avoid reporters who had been pursuing various family members. Ada herself was 57 years old.

Melville Gray had been on South Canterbury stations from the 1860s to the 1880s, and he had visited the Mt Cook glaciers in the early 1870s. He was the organiser of the trip to the glaciers which Joanna Harper enjoyed in March 1873. From 1887 he was in Timaru and as a bachelor vestryman in his forties first met Bishop Julius in May 1890.

When Melville and Ada first met is unknown but it seems he proposed to her in the late 1890s. Vance writes that she apparently felt it was her duty to take care of her father, and would not marry during his lifetime which lasted another 40 years. However this cannot be the reason for her refusal in the late 1890s. The other four sisters were not all married till 1908 and Alice Julius, the mother, did not die till 1918. Only from that time was Ada perhaps responsible for her father. There seems no reason why Ada should have been committed to looking after her parents in the 1890s, and there must have been some other reason for not marrying Melville at that time, probably the difference in ages.

About the final romance Pinney wrote: "I leave to a family historian the problem of whether the marriage was the climax of a continuous courtship, or a platonic agreement to end life in happiness together." The reality was not quite either. Gray went back to Scotland in 1902. He may have visited New Zealand and the couple may have met in England during the war, and corresponded thereafter. On the death of Ada's father, Melville asked Ada to come and look after him. She was happy to do this, being used to looking after old men. Melville still wished to marry her, and Ada agreed, perhaps because of conventions, but also because she was willing to do so. Certainly they were happy together.

Melville and Ada lived at the Gray family home, Bowerswell, near Perth in Scotland, after their marriage, but for much of the 1939-45 war they gave their home over to war refugees, themselves living in two small rooms. Gray was still interested in New Zealand and the MacKenzie Country, corresponding with old friends until his death in 1946. Then Ada returned to New Zealand to live with Bertha and Percy Elworthy in Havelock North, and she died there of cancer in 1949.

In many ways Ada led a dull and colourless life, but neither of those words describes her. As with many women of her time there were few opportunities for her to do and be what she wanted. However, her one season in the New Zealand Alps, at a time when other New Zeaiand women were not climbing mountains, stands out as an indication of the energy and enthusiasm for life mostly hidden
within Ada Julius.

Note: This piece is an adjunct to an account of the early women climbers in New Zealand in the NZ Alpine Journal. The author, historian Graham Langton, has full references for both articles.
Ref:The New Zealand Climber No. 8

Research Notes:
NZ Card Index
Auckland Library
ClimberP.153 NZSB Nov. 1965

Ada married Melville Jamieson GRAY [612], son of George GRAY of Perth Sct [148] and Sophia JAMESON [7557], on 21 Feb 1939 in Marlborough WIL. Melville was born in 1848 in Scotland and died in 1946 in Scotland at age 98.

General Notes:
Melville was schooled at Harrow, then came to NZ about 1868 as a station cadet. He worked for the Elworthys on "Pareora" Sth Canterbury for 2 years as a cadet and bookkeeper before managing "Otipua" nearby for his cousin George Gray Russell. On 28 Mar 1872 he took a one third partnership with one Henry Brown of Selkirk SCT a tweed manufacturer, in the purchase of "Ashwick" near Fairlie NZ. He farmed the run until 1887 when Brown sold out. Melville was a kind man, popular with his workers and neighbours. A fine athlete and climber he had won the mile at Harrow; he became one of the founders of the South Canterbury Athletic Assn in Timaru, and won the 3 mile event on three occasions. He was a keen shot, and when back in Scotland would usually take a grouse moor, sometimes in partnership with some of his old friends from Timaru. He is said to have given up shooting at 90 when he complained he was sometimes missing with his second barrel!
After leaving Ashwick he retired to Timaru where he opened an accountancy and land agency business. It was there as a bachelor vestryman aged 43 he met the new Bishop Julius and his family. In the late 1890's aged about 50 he is reported to have proposed to Ada Julius, she did not accept, citing a commitment to care for her father. Melville returned to Britain about 1902 and made Bowerswell his home with his brother George. However within a few months of her fathers death in 1938 Ada married Melville who was then over 90. The marriage caused quite a stir.

A sister of Melville Gray, Euphemia (Effie) Gray, was a Victorian beauty, she married John Ruskin, then after a notorious divorce, married Ruskin's friend the painter John Millais R A.

Ada & her father, on the 16 Oct 1920, sailed from London to Sydney on the Orontes. Ref:

MR. MELVILLE GRAY, 91-year-old bachelor, of Bowerswell, Perth, is to marry Miss Ada Katherine Julius daughter of the late Rev. Churchill Julius, who, was Archbishop of New Zealand, and a sister of Sir George Julius, the scientist.
" I met Miss Julius 30 years ago in New Zealand, where I spent 40 years before returning to Perth," Mr. Gray told the DAILY SKETCH. " The wedding will take place quietly in a week or two, and we shall return to Perth."
Miss Julius was born in London when her father was vicar of Islington. She recently returned from New Zealand, and is now residing in the South-west of England.

Bachelor, aged 91, Plans Secret Wedding.
Mr Melville Gray, wealthy 91 year old bachelor, of Bowerswell House, Perth, said yesterday that he is to be secretly married "somewhere in the South West of England" to Miss Ada Katharine Julius, middle aged daughter of the late Most Rev Churchill Julius, Archbishop of New Zealand.
"I am looking forward to bringing my bride back to my home and settling down," he said.
Mr Gray met his bride-to-be 40 years ago when she was a schoolgirl in New Zealand and he a prosperous sheep farmer.
They became friends. When Mr Gray returned to his home 25 years ago they continued their friendship by post.
A month ago Miss Julius came to London from Christchurch, New Zealand. Mr Gray hurried to London and proposed.
"My bride-to-be," Mr Gray said to me, "although she has lived almost all her life in New Zealand, is really a Londoner."
"We shall be married in a little country church very shortly. Only half a dozen friends will be invited."
Mr Gray has travelled round the world 5 times and his home here is a storehouse of art treasures. Among them are works of Sir John Millais, the artist, who was his brother-in-law.
Ref: Gloucester Citizen 11 February 1939.

Nonagenarian Bachelor Weds.
Mr Melville Jameson Gray, 91 years old wealthy bachelor, of Bowerswell, Perth, was married quietly at St Peter's Church, Marlborough, today, to Miss Edna (sic) Katharine Julius, aged 57, daughter of the late Dr Churchill Julius, who was primate of New Zealand and died a few months ago.
The Rev J Jones, rector of Marlborough, conducted the wedding ceremony, he when in Australia, visited the brides father several times. There were two witnesses, Capt and Mrs Elworthy, of Rainscombe House, Oare, the last named of whom is sister of the bride. The bride's flowers were a spray of pink carnations. The bridegroom looked extremely fit and wore a buttonhole of lilies of the valley.
Ref: Hull Daily Mail 21 February 1939 also Sheffield Evening Telegraph 21 February 1939.

Melville had inherited historic "Bowerswell House" in Perthshire, which was, after Ada's death, converted into a War Memorial Home.

Perth's Grand Old Man Dead.
Mr Melville Gray, of Bowerswell, Perth, has died in his 99th year.
Only a few days ago Mr Gray was out walking and wood chopping in the grounds of his beautiful home. He is survived by his wife, formerly Miss Ada Catharine Julius, a daughter of the late Most Rev Churchill Julius, Archbishop of New Zealand. Their wedding took place in 1939.
Educated at Perth Academy and Harrow, Mr Melville Gray spent a year in law as office boy to his father, Mr George Gray, who built Bowerswell in 1844.
As a lad of 19 he sailed before the mast to New Zealand in an 800 ton Windjammer he spent 40 years as a sheep farmer in New Zealand, returning home in 1911. Decorating the walls of his home were numerous trophies from distant lands.
A generous friend of many good causes in Perth, Mr Melville Gray was largely responsible for the installation of the carillon of bells in St John's Kirk.
Ref Dundee Courier 8 June 1946

Mr Melville Gray Leaves L104,242.
The head of a red deer which he shot in New Zealand has been bequeathed by Mr Melville Grey, Bowerswell, Perth to his old school, Harrow.
Mr Melville Gray, who died on June 7 at the age of 98, left net movable estate of L104 242 2s 3d, inventory of which was lodged with the Sheriff Clerk at Perth yesterday. His private bequests included L400 to his gardener, William Ewan. To Perth Art Gallery he leaves two oil paintings "Lord Bernard Stuart" by Van Dyck, and Sir David Wilkie's famous "The Blind Fiddler". His Venetian glass collection, Greek and Roman antique pottery and glass, swords, armour, and ancient firearms are given to Perth Museum.
As a youth Mr Melville Gray sailed before the mast in a Windjammer to New Zealand, where he spent 40 years as a sheep farmer. In 1939 at the age of 91, he married Miss Ada Katharine Julius, daughter of the Most Rev Churchill Julius Archbishop of New Zealand.
His home, Bowerswell, was recently acquired by Perth Town Council, who are to use it as an eventide home
Ref: Dundee Courier 20 December 1946.

283. Arthur Cloudesley JULIUS [621] (Churchill D D (Archbishop)139, Frederick Gilder MD FRCS (Dr)82, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 19 Jan 1884 in Islington MDX London, died on 15 Mar 1885 in Ballarat Australia. at age 1, and was buried on 17 Mar 1885 in New Cemetery Balarat Victoria.

General Notes:
A Cloudesley Julius aged 1 arrived in Victoria September 1884 aboard the South Australian from Britain.
Ref PROV - Unassisted Immigration to Victoria 1852-1923

284. Bertha Victoria JULIUS [542] (Churchill D D (Archbishop)139, Frederick Gilder MD FRCS (Dr)82, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 12 Jul 1886 in Ballarat Australia., died on 4 Dec 1974 in Taupo NZ at age 88, and was buried in Hastings NZ.

General Notes:
Bertha is described by her daughter Di, as a warm but stern mother with a love of music. She was an accomplished violinist and owned a beautiful instrument made in 1753 by Guadagnini. She, and her sister Ella on the piano, spent much time playing for their own and others pleasure. Bertha was mistress of a large house and garden, and enjoyed drawing and painting. A prolific letter writer, she learned to type in her 70's to maintain her correspondence.

Dermot Elworthy (in 2012) remembers his grandmother: ". . . . . selling her fiddle. She went to London in 1960 to sell two instruments to Hill's who were then at the top of Wardour Street. I was with her at the time and have an idea that in addition to the 1749 Guadignini, she also parted with a Guanarius. She had been a fine player in her time and worthy of these instruments".
He also remembers "Gordon's Valley was a large house of some 13,000 sq ft, and having had most of the furniture removed, was a cavernous place in which we children and the occasional possum played. Some of the pre-War labour-saving gadgets in the old kitchen and pantry were wondrous curiosities; I particularly liked the Spong knife polisher". Despite its emptiness and advancing neglect, it was plain that this place as I remembered it before Willie and Gran retired to Havelock North, had been a centre of great social consequence, the large rooms and halls echoing the confidence and stability of the colonial landed class in the dying days of Empire. I became aware of a profound sadness at the loss of something which I did not yet understand."

Bertha and Percy in the early 1950's moved to Havelock North NZ, Bertha spent her final years in Taupo near her daughter Diana.

Julius Jottings June 1901 No 5.
We were sorry to hear, a few months ago, that Bertha Julius was down with typhoid fever.

Two Miss Julius's sailed 21 Feb 1908, from London to Sydney on board the Omrah. One was probably Bertha, as the researcher understands she broke into her engagement to Percy Elworthy to travel abroard.

Bertha's father writes to her while travelling his Diocese on the West Coast of NZ in 1899 ;
The Yellow Lamb, a corresponding member of the Club, desires me to send you a few extracts from our monthly report.
I am etc.,
Cruso (Dog)
Sec; "Four Legged Club"

July 14 1899 Brother Turpin (Horse)
Yes that is my name. I was so called after a famous missionary Bishop Julius on the box seat. I was instructed by the Club to take note of him. He is much like other men only his fur is rather different. He is heavy - very heavy. Says he is cold. Why doesn't he get down and pull? He smokes. So do I when I am hot. I like smoking, drivers never whip hard when they are smoking.

July 14 Tabitha (Cat)
I am the cat at the Bealey - THE cat, mind. Of course there are other cats. I sit in front of the Bealey fire . That is my place. I don't like the Bishop. He turned me out. Men are so selfish. Poor Turpin seems very tired tonight. He says it is the Bishop. But the Bishop isn't so heavy. I have found out what it is. He opened his bag and I saw he had six of his sermons inside. No wonder the handle gives way.

July 15
I am a spider at the vicarage Kumara. You will wonder how I come to be a member of the "Four Legged Club". Well two of my legs were cut off by a traction engine, so they admitted me to the Club. And I have eyes; - Oh, yes. I saw the Bishop go to bed in his clothes. Well not all his clothes. Dirty habit, I call it. Then he reads in bed just when I want to walk about. There is a blue bottle on his pillow, asleep I think, I mean to have it.

July 16 Snap (Dog)
I am Snap, a Dog, and I belong to Waimea. At least, Waimea belongs to me. I went to church with two other dogs to hear the Bishop. We joined in the singing. Then the Bishop preached. It was very dull; so we got up a fight, and they turned us out. I don't think much of the Bishop.

Letters to Harold Fenn.
Havelock North
Tel Hastings 3169
Jan 26th (1956)
My dear Harold
Thank you for writing. Our first reaction to the news of Vans release is happiness - be sure we can have no regrets as he could not have looked forward to a normal life in spite of yours and Margots love and attention, he must have been very weary of being an invalid. One can think of him so truly as going "home" - He never seemed to be quite of this world with his beautiful character - which was reflected in his face, his gentleness and unselfishness - I know what sadness his death will cause to those whom he had helped so much - Percy and I, who saw him so seldom learned to love him and felt in him a responding affection - though perhaps like Dick Shepherd - he loved all the world.
I know what his going must mean to you - his coming to New Zealand and into your lives seemed to be "heaven sent" for him and I think for you both who made him so welcome and one likes to think that he had the great happiness of real family life at the end of his days. One wished that it could have come sooner and that it had not ended so tragically. You and Margot must feel comfort in the thought of all that you did and were to him.
With our love and as always
Yr affect Cousin

As from the Midland Hotel
July 17th
My dear Harold
I knew that you and Margot would be thinking of Percy and we were so pleased to get your letter of commiseration and good wishes - it is three weeks today since he was brought to this hospital - Wellington Hospital - and, for the first a few days his recovery did not seem possible - I think the trouble began with a violent flu bug but his heart played up on the night of his admission here - I was sent for at 3 a.m. when he was in a deep coma, and was allowed to remain for four days and nights sitting in his room - by some miracle he pulled through and has made steady, if slow progress ever since - his heart has little "to come and go on" but all conditions have improved - he sits in a chair for most of the day and looks well, in spite of his thinness - he has a nice room here and inspite of a terrible shortage of staff kind and good nursing - & I can't be too grateful that I am allowed to come each day at 7:45 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. to sit with him and do little odd jobs that the nurses have no time for. The doctor is hoping to get him into Bowens Street hospital some time this week which would be an improvement as it is near my hotel & P would be more comfortable - but we have had much to be grateful for here.
I hope that you are all keeping well - that your lameness does not increase. I fear that you are seldom out of pain & wish so much that there was some alleviation.
Our love to you & dear Margot
Bertha Elworthy

Havelock North
Tel Hastings 3169
Aug 18th
My dear Harold
Percy and I are so distressed at your news. Surely you and Margot have had enough to bear over this last year without this added misery and anxiety. Does this mean much suffering and those agonising attacks? You do not mention the arthritis which continues unabated, I fear. It is particularly sad news as my Percy has so completely overcome his trouble and we are wondering whether the doctors hold out any hope of your heart improving.
How quickly your children are growing up! they must be such an enormous interest to you both and it is splendid that Katharine's music is proving more than a passing fancy - so many get wildly enthusiastic until it comes to hard work and examinations and she is obviously making great progress both in her practical and in theory - you must both be very proud.
We liked your Edward so much when we saw him and feel sure that he is a son to be proud of too.
We came home a little over a fortnight ago Percy stored the 200 mile journey miraculously and since then has made steady progress. The last Cardiograph (is that the right word?) showed a sound heart! and the doctors simply can't get over it as they have seen those taken in Wellington when all hope of his life had been given up. Percy is still weak but if he lives a reasonable life as he means to do, all should be well and I would love to think that some such miracle could happen to you.
I am much involved in holiday comings and goings of Diana's children who are our responsibility while she and Hame are in England - the six-year-old who lives with us has gone to John and Hester for three weeks and the other two come and go in between visits.
We think of you much but in one thing you are wonderfully blessed that is the possession of such a wife as Margot.
With our best love to you both
Your affectionate cousin

Bertha married Percy Ashton ELWORTHY [544], son of Edward ELWORTHY [633] and Sarah Maria SHORROCK [2057], on 1 Oct 1908. Percy was born on 27 Mar 1881 and died on 10 Jul 1961 in Ringstead Havelock North N Z at age 80. Another name for Percy was Willie.

General Notes:
Percy (Willie to his family) was adventurous and fun loving, never one to feel self-conscious about having been born with a silver spoon in his mouth, he lived a happy and full life. He is remembered by his daughter Di as a gentle and loving father, with a great sense of humour. He was educated at Cathedral School "and hated it" Christs College, Christchurch, where in his own words "I did as little work is possible, broke every school rule and was beaten without ceasing in consequence" and Trinity Hall Cambridge, England, where he was a popular figure. He rowed for Trinity Hall, but did not stay the required three years so went down without a degree. A fine sportsman Percy was a climber, horseman, polo player, he co' founded the Timaru Squash Club, and hunter. From 1902 he farmed Gordons Valley, his share of the old Pareora block, split up in 1910. He was not a hands on farmer, and Gordons Valley was run by managers. He and Bertha retired to Ringstead Havelock Nth N.Z. about 1951.
The old homestead at Gordons Valley was set in a magnificent parkland of exotic trees planted by Percy, and contained numerous trophies from his safari to East Africa in 1906. He served in France during WW1 with the First Life Guards, with the rank of Captain, his fine horsemanship stood him in good stead. However from the time he was demobbed he rejected the honorific, deriding those that clung to wartime rank. Percy was a Knight of the Order of St John.
Very interested in motoring, he bought his first car, a Sims Welbeck in Christchurch in 1902, taking 20 hours to travel back to Timaru in it. In his splendid memoir in Edwards Legacy, Percy noted "Bertha and I have owned a great variety of cars in our lives, from model T. Ford's to Hispano Suizas, Stutz, Rolls Royce, Jaguars, Riley's etc., and now we are back to Fords. Always at the vanguard, Percy, in the first decade of the 20th century drove all over New Zealand, much of it on unformed roads, his was the first car to enter Queenstown, to the consternation of the locals, and the first to cross the Crown Range, a restricted road even in 2012. He and Bertha first flew in 1915 from Hendon London with Graham-White, they hoped to fly to Scotland, but ran into a dense fog over Norfolk, landing at Kings Lynn they had lunch, taking off again the engine failed and they crash landed, unhurt, on the Fens. Soon after, back in New Zealand, he and Bertha hired a plane to fly to Dunedin for a meeting, there being no airport they had to land on the beach, which they did, bursting both tires. The wind had got up by the time they wished to return and the takeoff was almost unsuccessful.
Percy was a generous man, the researcher Edward Fenn enjoyed fascinating visits to Gordons Valley as a youth, and was given a Westley Richards .303 hunting rifle by Percy, which he still treasures (1999). Percy was aged 80 at his death.

His grandson Dermot writes of him in 2014 from his book: "It was after having come down from Cambridge and whilst staying at one of his London clubs that Willie (Percy) decided to visit the zoo in Regent's Park. The offering to a gorilla of a bag of peanuts skewered on the end of his umbrella began a story he often told me when I was little. The gorilla, no doubt bored half to death with peanuts, tossed the bag aside and grabbed the umbrella. After a lengthy tussle - the creature nonchalantly leaning against the bars and single-handedly toying with this new trinket, Willie, red-faced with effort and determination to retain his property - the brolly disintegrated with Willie shooting backwards, sprawling on the ground. The gorilla carefully examined the remnants of the stricken parapluie and thinking the prize hardly worth what little effort he had expended upon its capture, threw the broken pieces back at Willie."

Percy is believed to have paid for a Spitfire named "Rainscombe" as a contribution to the war effort. (Rainscombe House Oare Wiltshire was a home Percy leased on his long stays in England) His Grandson Dermot continues (2014) to seek confirmation of this but the trail has gone very cold. He comments "it would be wholly in character for Willie to make such a gesture and say nothing about it".

Grandson Dermot remembers a school function for St Johns Ambulance volunteers, where Willie who lived nearby did the honours: "Certificates were awarded at the end of term ceremony in Big School (Hereworth Prep Havelock North) and all those who didn't manage to kill anyone in the course of instruction received a splendid fake parchment. These were presented by an imposing man of military bearing, more than a little intimidating in the full ceremonial regalia of a Knight of The Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem. My turn came; with knees a-trembling and stomach churning, I was presented to this vastly imposing personage who must have arrived from Olympus at the very least. "Willie, it's you!" I exclaimed. To me, Willie was a god and he never gave me any reason to suspect even so much as a toe of clay".

Percy Elworthy- prominent in farming and sporting circles in South Canterbury for many years - died at his home, " Ringstead," Havelock North, early yesterday morning. He celebrated his eightieth birthday last March. The sixth son of Mr Edward Elworthy, of Holme Station, he was educated at Christs College (Christchurch) and Trinity Hall (Cambridge). Returning to New Zealand in 1902, he took up Gordons Valley Station, which he continued to develop until about 10 years ago when he moved to "Ringstead."
At Cambridge, Mr Elworthy rowed for his college," and he had the distinction of gaining selection in crews of the famous Leander Club. While at university he spent much time climbing in Switzerland and France and made ascents of many of the major peaks in the Alps, including some first traverses. Mr and Mrs Elworthy and their family lived for many years in England, and all their children were educated there. A keen horseman, Mr Elworthy won many steeplechases and point-to-point events and, with his brothers Arthur and Herbert, he held the hunting contract for the South Canterbury Hunt for some years during a difficult period in the early 1900's.
Mr Elworthy excelled in polo, too, and with his brothers, and the Orbells competed throughout the country with success. Big-game hunting had its fascination and trophies at Gordon's Valley Station today still attest the success of a trip which he made to Portuguese East Africa in 1906 with Mr Carlisle Studholme, of Waimate. When there was a movement in 1933 to form a squash rackets club in Timaru, Mr Elworthy was one of four men who among them provided the L1000 required for the purchase of land in Brunswick Street and the erection of a court.
The automobile always held a fascination for Mr Elworthy and he became the first man to drive over the Crown Range by car. Mr O. A. Gillespie records another motoring feat in his book "South Canterbury, a Record of Settlement." "Today, when people drive gaily from Timaru to Christchurch in a few hours, the record of P. A. Elworthy's first drive in 1902 is a comment on half a century of change. He left Christchurch at 6 o'clock one morning in a single-sealer Sims Welbeck car he had just bought and, in order not to wake his family, climbed through the scullery window at Holme Station at 2 o'clock the following morning, after a 20-hour journey."
In the First World War, Mr Elworthy served with the First Life Guards in France, rising to the rank of captain.
The work of the St John Ambulance occupied many hours of Mr, Elworthy's attention and he became a Knight of the Order of St. John. After the Second World War he presented the chassis of an ambulance to the Timaru Association,
In 1908 Mr Elworthy married Miss Bertha Julius, youngest daughter of Archbishop Julius. He is survived by his wife, two sons and two daughters. His elder son, Air Marshal Sir Charles Elworthy, is Commander-in-Chief of the British Forces in the Middle East and is at present organising the British military operations in Kuwait. The second son, Mr Anthony C. Elworthy, is New Zealand manager for a United Kingdom engineering firm. The elder daughter, Anne (Mrs Shaun Jaffres), lives in Madras, and the younger daughter, Diana (Mrs J. C. Wilson) lives at Bulls.

Research Notes:
The following are extracts from letters to Percy at Christs College Christchurch, from his father dated 14 Dec 1898, and his mother dated 15 February 1899 after the death of his father;
My Dear Percy
It seems a long time since I wrote to you and I am sure it is since I last saw your handwriting addressed to myself. I am merely sending you a line to say that you are not forgotten my lad, and that I shall be pleased to see you home again for your holidays. I hope this time you will bring some evidence of your terms work in the shape of a prize, or at any rate a good report as to you having really worked hard.
We have not quite finished shearing . . . . . We have Mr & Mrs . . . . . here and they are out to try . . . . . for trout, I don't expect a big result, however we may be surprised.
With love from your Father.

Darling Percy,
I am so very glad you are pleased with your bicycle take care of it dear old son and enjoy it "where ever you might" you know what dear old mum means by that. Edith wrote on Monday. . . . . I fear you will imagine we have not been thinking enough about you, but never my dear boy does an hour pass without a thought for you. Dear old Pareora, Percy, is looking so beautiful just now, but the black I feel everywhere is almost to hard to bear, but my dear children on every hand are helping me wonderfully. Your letter yesterday was your share for you know darling how each day I pray that your good resolves may be kept, you will have many battles but you will realise the reward so much greater when you succeed.
You cannot expect a very cheerful letter from me old boy but it is full of love.
I write in bed for I feel I have not the strength given me to face the beginning of a day with them all yet. . . . . . Percy to read as your dear father did before our breakfast, I know it will be a comfort to me and will help us all. I want to live as much as he wished and I am sure our dear children have the same wish. God bless Darling don't let this letter depress you, I only just feel it is right to speak like this; but I am sure it is his wish that we must be happy and God I know will send it to us in the way and at the time he thinks best
Much . . . . . love my very own dear boy from Mother.

See also entry in New Zealand, Who's Who in New Zealand and the Western Pacific, 1908, 1925, 1938 - Ancestry

Other Records

1. Percy Elworthy: Army appointment, 1906. Percy was appointed a Lieut of the South Canterbury Mounted Rifle Volunteers on 27 June 1906 for 12 months, he did not seek reappointment resigning in June 1907.

2. Memorial Window: to Percy, St Lukes Havelock Nth NZ.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 499 F    i. Janet Mildred ELWORTHY [613] was born on 2 Nov 1909 in London., died on 20 Jan 1919 in London. at age 9, and was buried in Brookwood Cemetery London.

+ 500 M    ii. Lord Samuel (Sam) Charles ELWORTHY Bt. Kt. [614] was born on 23 Mar 1911 in Gordons Valley Timaru N.Z., died on 4 Apr 1993 in Christchurch NZ at age 82, and was buried in Gordons Valley Timaru N.Z.

+ 501 M    iii. Anthony Churchill ELWORTHY [616] was born on 17 Jun 1912 and died on 14 Nov 1984 in Dunedin Otago NZ at age 72.

+ 502 F    iv. Mary Annetoinette ELWORTHY [618] was born on 15 Jun 1913 in Timaru N.Z. and died on 29 Sep 2001 in Wexford Ireland at age 88.

+ 503 F    v. Alice Diana ELWORTHY [941] was born on 28 Nov 1919 in Gordons Valley Timaru N.Z. and died on 7 Nov 2008 in Taupo NZ at age 88.

285. Dr George Henry HUNT M.A. M.B. [623] (Ada Frances JULIUS140, Frederick Gilder MD FRCS (Dr)82, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 17 Aug 1869 in Richmond SRY and died in 1929 at age 60.

General Notes:
George was educated at Cambridge, M.A. M.B., he lived in Ascot, England.

Other Records

1. Census: England, 2 Apr 1871, Richmond SRY. George is shown at his grandfather Frederick's house aged 1

George married Florence Lavinia Pearl MASON [624] on 5 Sep 1906 in St Margarets Westminster.

General Notes:
Rosemary Julius remembers Pearl as an elderly woman, living in London. She was very social and quite formal, but had an interesting habit of ending her sentences with "what what"

Details of her wedding from letter Dr E L Fenn to H L Fenn 9 Aug 1906
"The wedding reception was held at the Grand Hotel. The bride is described as rather a grand young lady , the groom as a poor (moneywise) young man"

Children from this marriage were:

+ 504 M    i. Albert Henry Ffitch HUNT R N [625] was born in 1909.

+ 505 M    ii. Thomas (Tommy) HUNT [2420] .

286. Dr Charles Edward FENN [18] (Katharine Pauline JULIUS141, Frederick Gilder MD FRCS (Dr)82, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 23 Sep 1873 in Richmond SRY, died on 30 Apr 1947 in 8 Priory Rd Kew London. at age 73, and was buried on 5 May 1947 in Richmond Cemetery. The cause of his death was heart failure. He was usually called Charlie.

General Notes:
Charlie was educated at Haileybury College 1887.3 to 1890.3, Graduating Durham University, M.B. 1898. M.R.C.S. 1898, L.R.C.P. 1898 then Kings College London 1902. He was a House Surgeon at Worcester and Colchester Hospitals. He then moved to London where as a junior partner he resided at 34 Streatham Hill (existing 2003 near to the Christchurch Rd. intersection), in practice as Fuller Drake & Fenn. He moved on to 1 Leigham Ave, Streatham (a large house on 2 acres now demolished 2003), as senior partner of Fenn & Hudson, then retired.
Served in the R.A.M.C. WW I as a surgeon, stationed Sailsbury Plain. Retired early due to poor health to the Rosaries Dedham (next door to Castle House), then to Polstead (the New/Old house) followed by a further move to a small house without staff in Worthing as Charlie lost money in the Wall St crash. Nancy did the last three years of High School here.
After several further moves, Charlie then inherited Alston Court after the death of Edith Fenn in 1938, they let the property before moving in, in 1942. War time conditions made living at Alston Court very difficult and in 1943 Charlie and Edith moved to 8 Priory Rd. Kew London after selling to Alston Fenn.

Haileybury Register 1887.3
Fenn, Dr Charles Edward, M.D.,b. 23 Sept. 73, s. of E. L. Fenn, M.D. C87.3-91.2. D. at Kew, Sy.,30 Apr., 47.

MY IDEA OF HAPPINESS: Going to a theatre
MY IDEA OF MISERY: Going to school
MY FAVOURITE OCCUPATION: Boating swimming tennis
MY FAVOURITE COLOUR: Red rose lily of the valley
MY FAVOURITE FLOWER: Pink heliotrope
MY FAVOURITE POETS: Milton Tennyson Hood
MY FAVOURITE PROSE AUTHORS: Miss Braddon, Rider Haggard.
MY FAVOURITE PAINTER: Vicat Cole Solomon J Solomon
MY FAVOURITE FOOD: Turky Ices Curry Goose Tipsy cake
MY FAVOURITE NAMES: Jack Dorothy Charlie Cyril Harry
MY PET AVERSION: Bread & butter pudding
MY FAVOURITE MOTTO: Never put of till tomorrow what may be done today

Julius Jottings No 5 June 1901.
Charles Edward Fenn has been appointed House Surgeon at the General Infirmary, Worcester.

34 Streatham Hill, SW.
July 3rd 1914
My dear Van,
Just a line to tell you that I am engaged to Miss Ella Shuttleworth, daughter of Dr Shuttleworth, he used to live at Richmond. It was the inevitable result of the Swiss tour in which Ella, Dolly and myself took part.
Your affect brother
Charles E. Fenn

Fenn-Shuttleworth. On the 14th April, at St Peter's Church, Belsize Park, N.W., by the Very Rev Dr Hackett, Vicar, assisted by the Rev E. V. Fenn (brother of the bridegroom) and the Rev F. H. Lacy, Charles Edward Fenn M.D., of Streatham Hill, eldest son of the late Edward Liveing Fenn, M.D. of Nayland Court, Essex, to Edith Elizabeth (Ella), only daughter of Dr and Mrs Shuttleworth, of Hampstead (formerly of Aancaster House, Richmond Hill).
Ref: Unsourced paper clipping 1915.

1939 Register
Vicarage , Towcester R.D., Northamptonshire, England
Charles E Fenn 23 Sep 1873Married Medical Practitioner Retired

Fenn Dr C E 8 Priory Rd Richmond 5927
Ancestry: London Phone Book 1945/46

Charlies grave reference: Section 13, grave 10075. (London Borough of Richmond on-line burial search)

Charlies Will dated 4 Apr 1946, was proved 15 Aug 1947 for L24,000 Leaves his entire estate to his daughter. Copy on file 2003

Research Notes:
Charlie & Ella were living at 34 Streatham Hill when their daughter was born.

Other Records

1. Census: England, 2 Apr 1871, Royal Albert Asylum Scotforth Lancashire. George is recorded as head of house unmarried aged 24 Superintendant of Asylum BA Lon MD MRCS Eng LSA born Edgbaston WAR

2. Census: England, 3 Apr 1881, 1 Portland Tce The Green Richmond SRY. Charlie is recorded as a son, a scholar, aged 7yrs, born Richmond SRY.

3. Census: England, 5 Apr 1891, Haileybury College Lt Amwell Hertfordshire. Charlie is recorded as a pupil aged 17 occupation Student born Richmond SRY

4. Census: England, 31 Mar 1901, Worcester Hospital. Charlie is recorded as a medical Officer aged 27 single employed as a House Surgeon born Richmond SRY

5. Charlie's Schoolboy Letters: To his Brothers, 19 Feb 1889, 27 Mar 1889, 1 Mar., Haileybury College HRT. Haileybury College
Feb 19th 1889
Dear Vandy
Many happy returns of the day I hope you will have a very happy Birthday. As Haileybury is a very bad place for presents I am afraid I must postpone mine till Easter. We have had a great deal of snow lately and it was collected into an enormous heap and then the boys tobogganed down it. Tobogganing is a game in which you get a piece of wood and sit on it and then slide down the hill. Are you learning French now I think you were going to this term. I am sending you a few stamps I hope you will like them but I am afraid they are not very good ones. Last Monday Week we had a splendid snow fight all the boys played in a large field and we attacked and stormed a great many snow forts. Last Saturday we had a football match against a picked team from the Cambridge University and we won. Please give my love to Father, Auntie Polly, Nanny Goat, Cyril and Emperor BAA.
From your loving brother
On notepaper headed with the family crest immobilis.

Haileybury College
Mar 27th (1889)
Dear Harry
Many happy returns of your birthday and I hope you will enjoy it very much. I am very sorry I could not write before but I had no stamps. Are not you glad Oxford won the boat race? I am awfully missing page
Do you know that Aunt Margaret's children and herself have arrived from New Zealand a few days ago. Father has just written to me and says that I am going to leave Haileybury after next term and go to a clergyman in a little village near Hanover in Mecklenling Scharuin so that I will be able to learn modern languages. We will have great fun in the holidays Auntie Polly says I must go in for boating a good deal and it would be very nice if we two could go for little rows up to Kingston and back etc. You must get on with swimming too and then we will always be allowed on the River together. There is only a few more days to the holidays now isn't it nice. Thanks awfully for the stamps you have got for me I think I will buy some in the holidays because I want to get 1000 very much. The influenza he is dying of now . . . . . did Auntie Polly tell you I had been in the Sick House again. There is a disgusting old nurse their who used always to pick her nose. So one day while she was doing it in our room I said to her fellow "What are you consider the most disgusting habit" so he (we had arranged it before) said "Oh I think to pick one's nose" the nurse took the hint and smoked so till she was nearly purple. Anyhow she did not pick her nose in our room again. I have been having a good deal of toothache this term and have been twice to London to have them sent to I have had none out.
Love to Fritz and Alexed?
From your affec/te brother
He's getting a big boy now He's 12 years old And can blow is own nose He's getting a big boy now
I will postpone my present until the holidays when you can choose what you like.
On notepaper headed with the family crest immobilis.

Haileybury College
Mar 1st
Dear Harry
Thanks very much for your letter and the stamps some of them were very good especially the Nova Scotia and the Chinese ones. I added up my stamps yesterday and found that they came to the total of 1312 so I have gained a lot this term next term I am going to get the total up to 1500. Next holidays I am going to buy a very good Album one of Senfs nearly all the stamps are illustrated & it is beautifully bound, it will be a tremendous business to move the stamps into it, but I shall do it gradually. It has been very hot weather here with us. There are a lot of cases of measles in the school about 40 and a few of chickenpox. I went in for a Divinity Prize the examination came off last Saturday next week the lists will be up I hope I get it though I have not much chance as there are several good men in for it. Auntie Ada wrote to me last week and I have written to her has she written to you? When do you come home for the holidays we break up on the 9th of April. I am sending you these stamps as swaps the two St Helena are very good for they are unused. There have been several good paper chases this term. Some fellow fainted in the last one when they came an for it was a very hot day. Afraid I have no more to say.
Love to all both great and small.
Especially Futy & Bertha so tall
From your affect brother
Charlie Crusoe Dick Fancy (?)
A schoolboy signature of sweeps and letters.

6. Charlies Letters: To his Brothers Van & Harry, 27 Mar, 5 Apr 1897, 7 Nov 1906, Haileybury, London, Streatham London. Haileybury College
Mar 27th
Dear Harry
Many Happy returns of your birthday I hope will (sic) have a jolly day. These stamps I am sending you are not of course a present for they would be of no use to you, but I will give you something in the holidays. I break up on April 9th and as you break up on the 10th very likely I shall be able to meet you at Victoria. Vandy is already at home & so he will go back to school when we have been home only for about a week which is rather a pity it will make him very sad at going back. Do you know that Father has said that I can have my camera next holidays, won't that be jolly, I have sent up for a catalogue from "Lancaster" which is a great place & when I have got it I will mark the one I want & send the catalogue & he will send for it. Won't it be nice to be able to get photographs, I think I shall make our dressing-room into a dark room we can easily wash in the other room & it is not wanted for anything else. Of course you know poor Father is ill, but he is better now, he is going off to the S of France when he gets right, viz about the Easter Holidays, we will be left alone in the house, I expect Aunt Isabella will come & stay there. The Athletic Sports are going to be held on Easter Monday and Tuesday, the heats are being run off now, I expect they will be very good this year as we have some very good runners. We have spent Good Friday exactly like a Sunday, we had hot or I ought to say cold cross buns for breakfast and tea. I am getting on well with my stamps, I added them up a few days ago & I found I had got 1378 so I ought to get 1400 by the end of this term which he is a good deal. At the beginning of the Holidays I am going to spend a few days with the Parkers I think I shall take my camera there and get some photographs of the country you know that they live near Tilford and I could get some photographs of the Jumps (The Devils Jumps?), Prospect Tree (possibly the Tilford Oak?), The Pond where I shot the frog etc which would be very nice. We have been having a lot of measles in the school but they are getting much better now. I can't think of anything more to say so I must shut up.
From your affect brother

45 Gt Marlboro St
Regent St
April 5th 97
My Dear Van
Will you let me know when you are going back home, I am intending to bicycle back and want you to take back a handbag of mine, I will meet you at Liverpool Street if you will let me know when & where & give you the bag, it will give you no trouble & it is very expensive for me to send it per C.P. & Co. I saw the boat race on Saturday, being near the winning post, Oxford paddled past, an easy victory, afterwards I got into a boat with Jack Bateman & we were towed up the river to Richmond. In the evening Uncle Churchill Family arrived, there were Polly, Ethel, Ella & Ada; Ella has got very big eyes, I recognized them all besides them there was Uncle Arthur & Bessie, Aunt Ada, Joe Hunt & all the Batemans, 23 of us altogether. Is it true that G Cyril has passed into the Navy, I was told so at Bridge House but I have heard nothing about it from home perhaps the "Ra.ra.Paw" will be able to enlighten me. I had a long letter from Harry today, he is going to meet me at Witham on his bike and we are going to ride together to Colchester. As Cyril would say "I must stop now as the bell is ringing for tea (an awful whopper)", still I must shut up as I have to be off to the Spital Ta ta
Your affect brother
Charles E Fenny
PS I enclose addressed postcard CEF
Written on black edged note paper.

5A, Streatham Place,
Streatham Hill, SW.
Nov 7th 06
My dear Harry
I think that it is about time that I wrote to you again and besides this letter ought to reach you about Christmas so I am wishing you a very happy Christmas and New Year in faraway New Zealand and your new sphere of work. I daresay it will seem curious to you to be spending Christmas in midsummer weather but you have an advantage over us. We have begun the wet and foggy season in London, yesterday morning the fog was so thick that I could not see across the road and when it cleared up a little it began to pour & has been pouring ever since, a nice prospect! and I was called out last night to see a case. A few, a very few patients come straggling in, but everything must have a beginning and I feel that I am getting a little more known, it is just a year today since I came to Streatham Hill and the first year is always the slowest. I was down at Nayland a few weeks ago but there was no one at home, even the faithful Edgar had departed to Oxford, so Chick had to entertain me, after stopping a few days there I went on to Colchester where I stopped with Dr and Mrs Day, during that time I amused myself by having teeth out, I had gas three times, I got quite accustomed to it. These various operations prevented me from seeing many of my old friends but I went to tea with Mrs Lockwood. Miss Kate Lockwood, I dare say you know died last June I wanted to see the Miss Thompson Smiths but I could not find time. They have been having exciting times at the Hospital since I left. They had to sack one of the House Surgeons because he would go away for a day or two without leave, a calm? thing to do, and then the House Physician took himself off so for a few days there was no resident Medical Officer at the hospital at all. I had a very pleasant trip to Norway last July though unfortunately the weather was not favourable I caught a few trout and we climbed some mountains the country is rather like Switzerland, with much more water in it, I was very much taken with the place and its inhabitants. We stayed several days at various hotels and so got to know the people well. We had games of Bridge in the evening, some of the Norwegian girls play very well, some of the Norwegian girls are very pretty.
Van paid me a visit a few weeks ago he has settled to go as curate to Cuckfield in Sussex. As he arrived for lunch, we patronised the Zoo in the afternoon, I had not been there for ages, some of the beasts are very smelly, I had a strong whiff from some old bears, full on the chest, and it nearly knocked me over. Curiously enough Mr Haides of Nayland visited the Zoo that same afternoon. How are you liking your work? I suppose that you are getting quite accustomed to it by now. It seems funny that you, who I suppose, had hardly ever been on a horse in your life, should now live mostly in the saddle, but it must be a very healthy life and ought to suit you much better than any indoor occupation, I hope that you have not had any asthma lately. I dare say you will be taking to yourself a wife, in the future, I very often feel lonely in the evenings and have thought about it, but I have not come across the right woman yet and anyhow to tie one's self for life to a girl requires a good deal of thinking over. Cyril fell madly in love with a girl he met at the theatricals at Nayland last June. I met her when I was at Alston Court in Oct, she came to dinner with the Greys and afterwards I was her adviser at Bridge. I must tell this to Cyril he will be green with jealousy.
Jack Bateman pays me occasional visits in the intervals between his exams. He is up again at Edinburgh preparing for another attempt. Dr Drake my partner, has bought a motorcar, a Lanchester, a very fine one & Dr Fuller has just purchased a Humber.
Well, old boy, I must end up with lots of good wishes to you for a very Merry Christmas and a Happy and Prosperous New Year.
From your affectionate brother
Charles E. Fenn.

7. Charlies Letters: To Harry in NZ re fathers death, 7 May 1907, 17 Dec 1907, 27 Mar 1908., Streatham London SW. 5A, Streatham Place,
Streatham Hill, SW.
May 7th 1907
My dear Harry
I hope that you are getting along well and flourishing like a green bay Tree. Just at present times are rather slack with me and as it is pouring with rain and I cannot go out, I thought that it would be a good opportunity to indite you a letter, though I don't think that there is anything very exciting to tell you.
Father I am glad to say, is still slowly improving, since his first illness he had two more convulsive attacks which were alarming, so I went to consult Dr Ferrier and he very kindly came down to an Nayland with me, he thoroughly examined Father and came to the conclusion that there was no very serious mischief but that all these attacks were caused by the condition of his arteries, that means that he is liable to have similar attacks in the future but that with proper care and treatment they may be staved off and that he may go on for many years. That opinion on the whole is reassuring, as I was afraid on account of the subsequent attacks that there might be some serious mischief such as a tumour present.
I went down to Ham last week and stopped the night, it is many years since I was there, in fact I do not think that I have seen Dudley since he was in sailor suits. They told me that poor Bertha's engagement had been broken off and that of the two girls were coming to London, this is a very unfortunate year for them to come, what with Father's illness and Uncle B's death and Uncle Arthur is letting his house again this year for the summer and Uncle Henry in lodgings. I feel that I am the only representative of the Julian Genus able to welcome them but unfortunately being a bachelor, I am unable to offer them the shelter of my roof, however I shall call on them when they are in town and offer my services.
I had a little burst of gaiety about 10 days ago when I went to three dances in quick succession one of them was a fancy dress in which I figured as Sir W. Raleigh in gorgeous costume and a short pointed beard, as was the only proper I danced with several Queen Elizabeth's. The dance was in London and the Streatham party went up in a bass which was supposed to hold 12 but 14 crammed into it so you can imagine the squash. We were somewhat uproarious coming back. I had also a very nice dance at the Streatham Town Hall where I met some very charming partners. I am trying to improve my cat run called by courtesy a garden, I ordered down yesterday a whole lot of flowering plants which I shall plant promiscuous like about the place. I put it in to climbing roses and am training up my verandah, they are getting on very well and several buds are appearing.
Jack Bateman is doing locum work, he is now at Brighton, he visits me occasionally in the intervals. A few days ago he sent me a photo of himself which made me recoil in horror he had actually grown a beard and more forbidding looking ruffian I have rarely seen.
I am discharging my deaf servant, she has been in the hospital for some time past with something wrong with her eyes so I gladly took the opportunity of discharging her, her mother is still stopping on. I had Edgar with me about a month ago for a few days, we went to see " Raffles the Amateur Cracksman" which is a play somewhat of the Sherlock Holmes type, and enjoyed it thoroughly. I hope that the sheep shearing has been successfully accomplished, I daresay you are quite settling in in far away New Zealand, all you want is a wife and so do I, but I can't find the girl.
Well mon frere, farewell, hope you are quite well in yourself and not troubled with any asthma.
Your affectionate brother
Charles E. Fenn.

5A, Streatham Place,
Streatham Hill, SW.
Dec 17th 1907
My dear Harry
You will, of course, have already heard from Van by the last mail about the death of the dear old Dad. I came down on the Saturday evening Dec 7th, I do not think that he recognized me, he became more and more unconscious and died on the Sunday morning Dec 8th at 7 a.m. It was a terrible night and I often wished that I was far away, but he died very quietly and peacefully. You never saw him since his illness in February so you would not know how he had changed, I think if we look at the matter impartially we must realise that it is all for the best, for there is no doubt that his mental powers as well as his physical ones were failing and these would have got worse and would have led to softening of the brain, that is what he feared and he told me so in the summer. Very often, when I used to see him during this last year, I had many a pang when I contrasted him then to what I had known him as and to what you have always known him viz a dignified and stately gentleman and endowed with a magnificent intellect, and yet he always used to be thinking of you, I think that you were more in his thoughts than anyone, the Christmas letter that he wrote to you was one of the last, if not the last of his letters, it occupied him four or five days and he would go to Colchester to get your present himself. He was always delighted to see any of us when we went to Nayland and I think we bought back to him more forcibly the memory of our Mother and his first Marriage. We have indeed been born of good parents, the one an upright and conscientious Christian gentleman, the other a sweet, pure and saintly lady. Father often used to talk about his boys saying how good we were in writing to him he kept all our letters since his illness. Well it is all over and done with, he lies in his grave in the Nayland Cemetery next to Aunt Margaret and Uncle Sam. Van will have told you all about the funeral and you will also see the account of it in the local papers we sent you, on Sunday evening the service was a kind of memorial one, special hymns & Mr Grey preached such a beautiful sermon and amongst other things he told us what a splendid example our Father had given to all who knew him. It seems sad that you should be far away, the other side of the world, at such a time as this but I think that you realise that it was very probable that you would never see the Dad again when you bade him goodbye on board the Tongariro, and I think that he thought so too, but it is inevitable, death comes to all of us and only time can soften the pangs that it leaves behind.
Well I must get on to another subject and that is the legal aspect of the situation. Father in his Will left all his estate to the Mater for her lifetime when it will be divided equally among its those who survive her (except that the money which Father and advanced to me from his estate to buy this practice is to be deducted from my share). We five however come into possession of the property of our Mother, together with the Life Insurance on his life. The value of both of these is L6000 about, so that we should each get about L1200, in order that we may deal with your share, what is called in legal phraseology a power of attorney will be sent you for signature and this will be sent you by Willie Liveing who is managing the estate. What you will do with the money is for you to decide, I think that if you can live on your present income, it will be best to let both principle and interest accumulate until you want to use it or part of it in purchasing some sheep farm or whatever you are intending to set up in the future. It is always very useful to have a certain amount of capital in readiness.
Father also left you his gold watch, so you must let us know if you would like to have it sent out to you at once.
I hope that you are feeling all right again now and are no longer troubled with those wretched boils.
With my love to you.
Your affect brother
Charles E. Fenn
Written on black edged notepaper.

5A, Streatham Place,
Streatham Hill, SW.
Mar 27th 1908
My dear Harry
Many thanks for your letter. I received the Power of Attorney safely.
As you will see by the following that we cannot get 5% for our money with any degree of safety over here, the money is as follows, the Canadian Pacific Railway stock having been bought with the insurance money less the amount of death duties for our estate.
(i) L236 Canadian Pacific Railway 4% debenture stock worth L248
(ii) L226 5% G.W. Railway rent charge stock worth L416
(iii) L196 5% Ontario & Quebec Railway permanent debenture stock worth L245
(iv) L358 4% G.E. Railway Consolidated preference stock worth L383

(i) Brings in L 9-8-9 a year
(ii) " " L11-6-0 "
(iii) " " L 9.16.0 "
(iv) " " L14-6-0 "
Capital if at present time sold would be worth L1192 which brings it out just under 4% interest.
Besides these are 80 shares of L5 each in the Alliance Economic Investment Company. These are worth very little and it will not be possible to sell. The interest is about 2% if it comes at all and so as we cannot divide them up, I am taking charge of them and whatever interest comes from at the end of the year I shall divide up amongst us five, so you may get about L2 a year from this source. We would sell them if we could but there is no market for them. If therefore you would like to have your money invested in New Zealand, I will, on instructions from you sell all your stocks and put them together with any dividends that may have come in, into Elworthy's bank. Let me know what is his London bank.
Farewell, old boy, I will write again soon, but I am in a great hurry today.
Your affect brother
Charles E. Fenn
Written on black edged notepaper.

8. Charlies Letters: Life in his practice, Estate dividend., 10 Nov 1908, 7 May 1909, 13 May 1909., Streatham London SW. 34 Streatham Hill, SW.
November 10th 1908
My dear Harry
I have just realised that my Christmas letter to you will be somewhat late, which I hope you will excuse, there are no signs of Christmas here at present, except certain small boys who howl dolefully outside one's door, "While shepherds watched etc" they started that game the other evening when I was with a friend and he left his fox terrier at Maxton, there was a tremendous scrummage and the band melted instantaneously. I am quite getting settled down in my new house and have taken vigorously to gardening, I am at present planting bulbs most fatiguing work, so I hope I shall be repaid for my efforts in the spring. Nothing exciting has happened to me since I last wrote. I went down to Richmond last Sunday and did a round of visits, the Bateman's, like Quirks, Linnie is laid up with an inflamed vein, and Aunt Isabelle & Dolly. You will no doubt hear full particulars of the memorial window from eyewitnesses Aunt Isabella tells me that it is very beautiful, Cyril was able to get down for it, he is still very thick with Dosie Denlaw?. I believe that there must be something in it and so do the rest of the family, he carries her photo about with him everywhere and they correspond. The dancing season has commenced and I have been asked to an ordinary subscription dance, a fancy dress one and the dance at Bedlam, I have my doubts however about going to the Bedlam one. I took Dolly to the Coliseum last week, there was a very good programme & we enjoyed it immensely. We are just beginning the foggy weather now and consequently are kept a little more busy, we have been very slack up to the present. I suppose that you will be sweltering in torrid heat.
I hope however that you will have a very happy Christmas and a prosperous New Year. Au Revoir
Your affect brother
Charles E. Fenn
P.S. I hope the gun is going strong.

34 Streatham Hill, SW.
May 7th 1909
My dear Harry
Excuse a hurried letter but I want to catch the mail and I am very busy just at present as Dr Fuller is away. I shall be writing to you next week and shall be sending you a draft for L35 on the Bank of Australasia at Christchurch. The bank manager however told me that if Christchurch was too far away . . . . . your boss would cash it for you all to the total amount of money paid to your account is as follows.
L17-14-11 your share in the sum left over after a winding up the Trust Funds.
L6-16-0 G.E. dividend August 08
L5-7-4 G.E. dividend August 08
L6-16-0 S.E. dividend February 09
L5-7-4 S.W. dividend February 09
L6-16-0 deducted for cost of gun and carriage to New Zealand
L35-5-7 Balance due to you.
I am sending you therefore by the next mail a draft for L35-0-0 leaving the odd shilling to be brought forward to the next accumulation.
You say that you have only received one dividend from the Canadian Pacific Railway, if you are quite sure of this you must communicate with them as another dividend ought to have been sent to you on July 1, 1908.
I am glad to hear that you are flourishing, I find that now I have moved on to the main road I am doing a little more but it is still very uphill work, just at present I am fairly busy as Dr Fuller is away for a fortnight.
No time for more, will write next week.
Your affectionate Brother
Charles E. Fenn

34 Streatham Hill, SW.
May 13th 1909
My dear Harry
I am enclosing you your draft for L35 which you must take to the Bank of New Zealand Christchurch to get cash or else your boss will change it for you. You must not be surprised to get another one next week, that will be a duplicate one and is only sent for purposes of safety, so if you have cashed the first one, the duplicate is of course useless.
Edgar has been staying with me for a few days last week, he came up to be measured for an artificial hand, by the time he goes to Ely in July, he ought to have got accustomed to it and to be able to make some use of it. I am still going in for gardening in my spare moments; as I have a fair sized piece of garden, it will repay my efforts. One of my partners Dr Fuller is away at present, so I am doing the heavy swell and rolling about in his carriage and pair. I have not heard anything much about the family circle lately. Jo Fenn (Josephine) wants to be a nurse so Aunt Margaret has written to me, she will probably be going to the Colchester Hospital shortly. My parrot is very flourishing and is learning a few more words, I forgot though, you have never seen her, never mind that will be a pleasure in store. Nothing much to relate, you will have a letter from me next week, in closing the duplicate. Adieu
Your affectionate Brother
Charles E. Fenn

9. Charles Fenn: Home & Rooms in Streatham and WWI Service, 1910 1918, London.

10. Charles Fenn: His marriage to Ella 1915 & his family., 1915, London.

11. Charlies Letters: To Harry in NZ re death of Edgar sale Alston Court to A A Fenn, 15 Aug 1942, 31 Aug 1942, 10 Jun 1943., Lois Weedon NTH. Lois Weedon Vicarage
Aug 15 42
My dear Harry
You may have heard by now about dear old "Gillys" death. It occurred suddenly on Aug 7th and was due to a cerebral tumour causing convulsions and coma. He had left the Convalescent Home & was making good progress after his accident. He was only back again in Castlethorpe for a week. I am enclosing you a cutting from the Wolverton Express which gives a full account of the funeral. Van says he has never known such a thing as the Bishop (in fact there were two of them) sending letters of sympathy to be read at the Funeral Service. It all shows how much he was beloved and respected. We shall all miss him very much and especially Van. Van and I stopped at Castlethorpe for tonight's, I was at Miss Gregory's the Organist and Van stayed at your old hosts the Cooks who enquired affectionately after you. Edgar left me to be his sole executor, and I am determined not to have the appalling delays which occurred with Dudley, so I interviewed Mr Rands of Northampton the day after the funeral and am seeing him again in a few days as I am stopping a week with Van. After a few legacies he left all his property to be equally divided between us four. I do not know yet what the expenses e.g. Death Duties etc, will come to, but the residue ought to amount to about L4000 and I should suggest as I did before in one of my letters that you should pay Elworthy L1000 off his mortgage, it would I think make it easier to sell the farm and anyhow I could not get you such a high rate of interest as you are paying him. Trustee securities now range between 3 & 31/2%. By the time you get this letter you will probably be informed that a draft has been paid into your bank and I shall be sending you another as soon as I get your income-tax rebate, (curse them for their slowness).
I do not remember ever having thanked you and Margot for your most generous Christmas present, it was awfully good of you both andLoi the contents of the tins were delicious. Ella has often said how good and generous you both were and would, I know, join me in thanks if she were staying here.
We are living our life at Alston Court under difficult circumstances, it is very nice to be in the old Homestead again, but under the strict rationing system it is impossible to keep the house properly warm & lighted and all our cooking has to be done on a decrepit oil stove. The new vicar, Canon Wright, is a great success, he was inducted on July 8th and we asked him and his family together with Archdeacon and Mrs Buckley into tea before the ceremony and afterwards, the old "Beershop" himself came and partook of light refreshments. I had thought of taking a house for 3 or 4 months during the winter, with all modern conveniences, for I am training of the cold weather, my circulation is getting so bad, but Nancy wants to leave her farm at Ham and get on to one near Nayland where she can live at Home, poor child, she has been living in a good deal of discomfort at Kew and as well-meaning relatives & friends shower invitations on her, I fear she is not getting enough rest and he is getting Anaemic.
I hope you are progressing as well as one can expect and also Margot.
Best love to you both and also to E.L. what a jolly little chap he is growing into.
Ever your affect brother
Charles E. Fenn

Alston Court
Aug 31st 42
My dear Harry
After keeping the vouchers and claim for rebate which I sent them, in over 7 weeks the Income-Tax Authorities have sent me the enclosed. I did mention the matter to you in one of my letters about a year ago, but I suppose it never reached you, as you made no allusion to it, and as they paid up your rebate last year, I thought it would be all right. Since my last letter to you about poor old dear Gilles death, nothing much has happened. Ella and I spent a week in town to see something of Nancy who is working at the Ham farm, we also visited Richmond, Kew and Hampstead, and returned to Nayland a few days ago. Canon Wright the new Vicar here, is I think, going to be a great success, he is stirring up the village, which badly needs a little stimulus. Last Sunday there was a parade of troops, over 100 of them and they all came to Church. The Major in command read the first lesson and I read the second has Col. Rundall was away. Ella and I are still very busy with household duties, as we can get no help, so we live in a little corner in the South part of the house and have not been able to have any visitors to stay this summer.
Excuse short note, love from Ella and myself to you and Margot and also "His Nibs", E.L.F.
Your affect brother
Charles E. Fenn

Alston Court,
June 10, 43.
My dear Alston
Owing to my failing health and to the fact that neither Ella nor Nancy wish to stay on at Alston Court, I am seriously considering the question of selling the property. As you know it is an exceptional house, possessing as it does woodcarving supposed to be unequalled in East Anglia and 15th century heraldic and old Flemish glass. My father spent about L4200 in restoring it and if I put it on the market I should put a reserve of L5000 on it but I am prepared to let you have it for L4500 and to throw in the 8 valuable pastle portraits of the Alston family and also other rellies such as the original certificate of the appointment of Sir Edward Alston to be the president of the Royal College of physicians in Charles II reign. Besides the house there is a Meadow and Fennage which I let for L21.5.00 per annum, I am told they are worth a good deal more than that. The whole property covers 7.8 acres. I wrote to aunt Alison asking for your address and she may have sent you my letter as I gave her other particulars regarding the estate. I should like, if possible, and answer in the near future, as both Ella and Nancy wish to settle down near London soon.
I hope you and yours are keeping well.
Your affectionate cousin,
Charles E Fenn.
Written on 2 sides of a sheet of notepaper

12. Charlies Letters: To Alston Fenn re sale of Alston Court, 15 Jul 1943, 6 Sep 1943, 24 Sep 1943. Alston Court,
July 15, 43
My dear Alston
Many thanks for your letter, I am glad to hear you are buying the old family house as it would have grieved me very much to have had to sell it to a stranger. The valuer appointed by Lloyds Bank came here on Tuesday last and went over the house and grounds. As regards the mortgage, I am quite willing to accept 4% per annum but should prefer to have it for 3 years without the option of renewal. It is quite probable that I may not last that time and I want to leave my estate in as simple a form as possible for Ella and Nancy. As we can mutually arrange many details ourselves, I do not think it would be necessary to employ 2 sets of lawyers, they only quibble and split hairs between each other and greatly increase the expense, so I should suggest a man I know in Colchester, I have dealt with him once, his charges are not excessive, he is on the spot and knows all about the title deeds of Alston Court, though our ancestors were lawyers, the title deeds were lost, which gave my father a good deal of trouble when he succeeded to the property and also myself when I was trustee for the estate, however they are all right now and in order. I have just succeeded in getting the little house at Kew which was lucky as there are now no more houses in that locality to be obtained except ruinous old hulks at enormous prices. Our own business ought to be settled by the next quarter day, and if you do not want to take possession of it at once it might be let. I am throwing in - as you are taking the place - the Alston pastel portraits, military honours and other photos of our ancestors with the exception of an etching of Jacobus Vanderzee which I had promised some time ago to my brother Van (Vanderzee), the tapestries and framed certificate in the solar room I am giving you also the antique fire irons in the dining room, library and solar. Regarding the pictures in the Hall (except my Father) they belong to Adria, but I expect she to would like them to remain in the old house, I will mention this when I write to her.
Do not trouble to send back the photos of the house, you may keep them, they are very good ones, I will also, when I have time, let you have a copy of the history of the house and the old glass etc, which I have compiled, at present I have only the one copy, also the book "Alstoniana" and "Portraits In Suffolk Houses".
No more to say now,
Your affectionate cousin,
Charles E Fenn.
Written on 3 sides of 2 sheets of notepaper.

Alston Court
September 6 43
My dear Alston,
Mr White of Brook Farm Leavee Heath called upon me last Saturday he wants to rent the fennage for another year from February next. He says that the rentage of the fennage are purely for grazing purposes and have nothing to do with the shooting over them. That you must apply to the fennage Committee. Mr Taylor the local schoolmaster has got the rights of shooting over some of them and he could give you full information, of course you can shoot over the Meadow and paddock belonging to Alston Court and I have often seen pheasants and partridges flying about. Mr White also said that he would buy the fennage from you but that he would prefer to rent them. The annual rent at present is L11.5.0 a year. He also said that if you wanted shooting he would let you shoot over his farms at Leavee Heath (about 2 miles from here) for nothing. Plenty of rabbits there I know. Adria is willing to leave the pictures in the hall and landing and oak settle, also clock as long as they remain in the house and I am willing to do the same with the Alston portraits the four poster bed and others on the list you sent by Dorothy, on the same terms. If however you have to vacate the house (which of course, I hope will not be the case) that they shall return to the original owners or their heirs to dispose of as they think best. This if you could send your consent in writing could be known as a "Gentleman's Agreement" and would save all the expense and fuss which lawyers so love to make, if they drew up an agreement of that kind. Adria's address is 1 St Luke's Villas College Road, Cheltenham. There are at present 3 tons of coke and one and a quarter tons of coal in the outside and inside coal houses, worth L14.0.0 at today's prices I will let you have it for L13.5.0. I believe Dorothy wants the Suffolk Corner Cupboard at L5.0.0 and the 3 electric stoves at 30/-each. Col. Sykes who lives next door, has similar stoves, so they ought to be all right.
Hope you are all well. We enjoyed seeing Dorothy and Alison last week.
Yours ever.
Charles E Fenn.
Letter on 2 sides of notepaper with a note on it "letter and cheque sent 16.9.43 L22.10.0"

8 Priory Road,
Sept 24th 43.
My dear Alston,
Many thanks for your letter and enclosed cheque. I will write to Mr White and ask him to communicate with you, when the lease is due for renewal. We have been in the throes of removal, hence my delay in answering, but I have been packed off to Hampstead and do not go to Kew until tomorrow the 25th. The day I went to town I signed the lease in the lawyer's office so they are getting on with it, regarding the past about Mrs Raine, I sold it to her before I had any idea about selling the house; in August 1942 she asked me if I would sell a small portion of my land in order that she could have a little garden to her cottage, it is down in the woody part beyond the "Barbary Hut", but I had gone away in the winter and could not get hold of a necessary paper so the matter was held over until the spring. I have laid down certain restrictions so it will not cause the slightest inconvenience to the owner of Alston Court. I enclose a draft of our agreement it covers everything required. I have left behind some gardening tools and a ladder for your use as Spooner, will want something to go on with during the autumn and winter. With regard to the ladder he borrowed it some weeks ago to fix up some tiles on his roof, I told him to bring it back, but as far as I know he has not done so if you don't see it about you will know where it is. I have paid him his wages up to the end of this week. After this week he will be only able to work two ana half hours a day and in the middle of October he did not have his tea interval but worked from 4 to 6. After that he could not work much more than one hour a day and I paid him accordingly. I have left you a shed crammed full of wood which will come in useful for firing etc also a quantity of flowerpots and seed pans. Spooner thoroughly cleaned out the cesspool a few days before we left so it will not want seen to until March 1945.
If there is any more information you want let me know.
Yours ever,
Charles E Fenn.
Written on 2 sides of a notepaper.

No. 3 War Office Selection Board
Locko Park,
TEL Derby 55743
Draft of Gentleman's Agreement.
With reference to the various articles (pictures, furniture, books etc), which belong to you and which you have very kindly decided to leave and Alston Court, I undertake that they shall not be removed from the house except with your permission or on receipt of your instructions. I undertake to take the greatest possible care of them so long as they remain in my charge and recognise that you have the right at any time to dispose of them as you may think fit. Further I undertake to notify you or a member of your family at once if ever I should decide to relinquish the ownership of Alston Court.
Sent to Charlie on 3.10.43 AAF.
Sent to Adria on 8.10.43 (8 pictures, oak settle, and clock) AAF.
Written on army notepaper address above struck out.

13. Charlies Letters: To Alston Fenn details sale Alston Court Nayland, 7 Oct 1943, 22 Oct 1943, 28 Oct 1943., Priory Rd Kew London. 8 Priory Road
Oct 7th 43.
My dear Alston,
Many thanks for your letters, I am glad to hear you are having a much-needed holiday. My tenant is Mr A C Biggs, the son of old Biggs the mechanic, the father is a decent old chap, but I cannot say the same for his son, who is a somewhat truculent individual. There was no legal agreement between us, only a verbal one and since I gave him notice, he has told me that a farmer need not pay any rent for the last year, I spoke to Asher Prior about it and they tell me that he ought to pay his rent only I must give him compensation for what he has spent on the land, I do not think he has spent 1d it is not as if it was arable soil. Any how he has not paid me any rent since last March. The agreement was for the meadow, so you can use the paddock. Biggs has apparently made use of the paddock for his cows which used to stray into the garden, causing damage, Spooner hates him like poison, the rent agreed was L10 a year and his time is up on March 1st next. As he has paid no rent, I do not see why you should not use the meadow as well, especially as so far this year he has not used the meadow for grazing purposes. Since Dorothy's visit I have heard that the Angel Hotel Colchester is much cheaper than the George, but have had no personal experience of it. I enclose an invoice from Keeman & Davie evidently intended for you, so sorry you were unable to obtain more.
Yours ever
Charles E Fenn.
p.s. Forgot to say that Biggs lives with his father and A C Biggs Nayland Colchester would find him. I had a very good crop of blackcurrants last year & this year but the old bushes want a great deal of pruning. Hope your Fruit Farm will be a great success.
The plot sold to Mrs Raine can only be used as a flower and vegetable garden, it cannot, be built upon, or used as a tea garden, probably Asher Prior will include the agreement in the Title Deeds.
Written on 2 sides of notepaper

8 Priory Road,
Oct 22nd 43.
My dear Alston,
I had intended to write to you before you left Nayland, but have been laid up for a few days with a slight feverish attack, so my correspondence has been neglected. Many thanks for your letter, I heard from Archer Prior yesterday and they tell me that the sale is completed. Your idea about payment of interest on mortgage is an excellent one my bankers are Barclays Bank Ltd. George St. Richmond. Surrey. There were 3 matters I had ordered to be put in hand some time before I left Nayland.
(1) Replacement of some tiles which had fallen out of the roof in the new wing, Biggs told me that as the tiles had come out in embedded in mortar he could have done the job in quarter of an hour if he had had the necessary ladders, so I told Deaver about them, they, as usual, promised to do so but never did, Deaver has so few men and also government contracts to do that I really think it would be better to call in Webb for any local job at present, though I don't know anything about his work.
(2) Plastering the cupboard on the passage outside South bedroom, Deaver were also going to do this, they repaired the roof above, in which there was a leak.
(3) Repair of sink in pantry next to dining room, Biggs was going to do this, + you probably have found the lower lavatory devoid of water, Biggs inspected the cistern above it and told me it was all right and that when it was filled, a tap must have been left running.
All these items I will pay for when the work is being done.
I hope you enjoyed your visit to Nayland and were able to put in some work in the paddock. I find that the 2 books I promise to give you have been removed here viz "Alstoniana" and "Pictures in Suffolk Houses". I will let you have them when you take up your residence at Alston Court. The village will be glad to have a Fenn there again.
Yours ever,
Charles E Fenn.
p.s. I doubt if I have told you that I have written to Mr White, Brook Farm, Leavee's Heath and told him that you had no objection to his renting the fennage from you, the grazing has nothing to do with the shooting, an owner of fennages can always shoot over them, White said you could always shoot over his farm lands whenever you wanted to.
Written on 2 sides of a notepaper

8 Priory Road,
Oct 28 (43).
My dear Alston,
Many thanks for your letter which I only received last night, as I have been away for a few days staying with my mother in law, while Ella and Nancy have been gallivanting in Bath. I went over to Richmond this morning to get a registered letter which I was told was waiting for me, it was from Asher Prior containing a cheque balance of your purchase money, they charged me L42 odd as expenses, but gave no details, your bill seems very stiff but I expect it was mainly composed of stamp duties and other Govt charges, I should certainly ask for details if they have not sent any, so far they have been fairly moderate in their dealings with me, but I loathe having anything to do with lawyers. Ella is going down to Nayland next Tuesday, to bring back our cat, she will take with her the books "Alstoniana" and "Pictures in Suffolk Homes" and leave them in the S bedroom cupboard. As regards the picture of dogs and a cat, I found it lying in the loft with a lot of other lumber. Adria had written to me before and said she had no use for it, it was an awful daub at the best, so, as we were clearing out the loft we put it in the sale with some other rubbish and the whole lot fetched the magnificent sum of 1/-. The two pictures flanking the pastoral scene on the landing are I think good ones, I remember them well in the drawing room of Portland Terrace, Richmond, but whether they came from our grandfathers house at Stourbank all my maternal grandfather am not quite sure but am pretty certain on the whole that they were from Stourbank. I am glad that Mrs Kerridge made you so comfortable and that you were able to make the acquaintanceof the Caulfields and the Sykes, as well as the Vicar.
Wishing you all success in your fruit growing schemes,
Yours ever
Charles E Fenn
Written on 2 sides of notepaper endorsed answered 31.10.43 "Query re-upkeep of cottage fences near tennis court" in Alston Fenn's hand.

14. Charlies Letters: To Alston Fenn re Alston Court, and Margot Fenn in NZ, 14 Nov 1943, not dated but early 1944, 8 Priory Rd Kew London. 8 Priory Road
Nov 14th 43.
My dear Alston,
I am afraid I have been somewhat behindhand in my correspondence for various reasons. Many thanks for your letter, I think you are going to turn the Alston Court Gardens into charming grounds, your idea of having an orchard on the east side of the house is very good, it always has been somewhat of an eyesore. I am sorry the cistern for the downstairs lavatory is leaking, I had Biggs in to repair it about a year ago, he did so and reported that he had made it right, it was a mad idea in the first place to have a separate system there. If you can get on to the main water supply, you ought to be able to sell the pumping engine for a good sum.
Now you were asking about the ownership of the fences of the cottages, I so rarely ventured into those parts that I really forget how they were built, but the owner of a fence is the one on whose side the upright posts and transverse beams are. Several horrible fungy appeared in the passage leading to the library and in the library itself and they are caused by damp, however I think I have removed the cause. When I took over the house from my tenants the Praclls (sic), I noticed that the gutter in the courtyard was broken and water had been streaming down the side of the wall there, I called in Deaves and he discovered it was much more serious than a broken gutter alone, that it was due to the rotting away of some of the timbers in the roof above and that it and the tiles with it had slid down into the gutter, I had new timbers put in and the tiles imputed on it in mortar and now it is quite all right, but the damp will remain for a time, if ever I found a fungus, I used to paint the pest with paraffin after I had removed it and I should advise you to get Mrs Kerridge (she is very obliging) to paint that part and the steps leading into the hall with paraffin every few weeks, the wood skirting round the lavatory and passage to it was liable to rot and my stepmother had a deep damp course (I think that is the correct name for it) built but there is some woodwork in the passage between the Hall and the library which will require removal.
I hope you and your family are keeping well.
Yours ever,
Charles E Fenn
Written on 2 sides of notepaper endorsed answered 28 Nov 43 in Alston Fenn's hand.

8 Priory Rd
Kew Surrey.
My dear Margot,
As I said to Harry in my last letter to him, I feel quite ashamed of myself in not having written before to thank you for the stream of presents you are so generously sending us she's, but, honey and last but not least that magnificent Christmas Cake, which is brought out on state occasions and which we are still enjoying, a triumph of culinary skill. Then too there is the New Zealand illustrated paper and the many snapshots of your beautiful Edward Liveing, what a fine little boy he is, no wonder you and Harry are so proud of him. We are settling down here and Van and Adria up paying visits to us next month but as we can get no outside help and Nancy is away all day and comes back "dead beat" at night household work takes up nearly all our time, I have however hung most of the pictures & china and Ella is gradually getting most of the rooms in order. The blackout has been a bit of a problem as the authorities are so particular about it being complete. I hope the end of this year will see the end of that tiresome regulation, though I am afraid that rationing and many other wartime conditions will continue for some time. We spent a quiet Christmas day at home, I managed to get to Church in the morning, the former Archbishop of Canterbury (Lord Lang) preached he has a house on Kew Green just by the Church and we saw him as he walked across from his house to the Church in his full Canonicals making a picturesque & Medieval figure in his purple & scarlet robes against the old Georgian buildings on the Green, after the service we saw him again and he gave Nancy a beaming smile. Nancy is working on her farm, most disagreeable at this time of year, as the first three hours are in complete darkness and icy cold. She gets lifts back, in all kinds of strange vehicles, the latest one being a "Black Maria", in which she travelled with two policemen and on her thanking them at the end of her journey received the gallant reply "you are as welcome as the flowers in May". Ella and Nancy are going to Bath tomorrow (Jan 15th) for a weeks holiday and I am being packed off to my mother-in-law, Mrs Shuttleworth, as I cannot travel long distances now, especially in the winter time and when the trains are so crowded and especially now as the movements of troops (preparatory I hope to another Front) are so extensive. Nancy is very keen on anything in the 18th century so naturally Bath is a happy hunting ground for her. Col. Alston Fenn to whom I have sold Alston Court, is very enthusiastic about the house, he has an energetic wife and two charming daughters, both I believe, musical, who will prove a great acquisition to the village, as for myself it was a great wrench to leave the old place at first, but I now have got accustomed to this nice little house at Kew and am relieved of a great deal of worry and in any case, it would have been too great a burden to have handed on to Ella and Nancy. I have written a small booklet about the history of Alston Court which I must give to Alston when I can make out a fresh copy. I often visit the Todd's at Wentworth House, the two poor old ladies are having a hard time of it, especially Adria, on whom all the burden falls, now that Mabel has had a slight stroke. She is getting better now. When I went there about Christmas time, your cake was brought out for tea amid fresh eulogies. I do hope poor old Harry is not suffering much from his osteo arthritis, take my advice and sell the farm now the going is good you may never have such a favourable opportunity again.
My love and thanks again to you and Harry, and love to little E.L.F. from his old Uncle Charlie.
Your affectionate brother-in-law
Charles E. Fenn
Written early 1944.

8 Priory Road
My dear Alston,
Many thanks for your letter. Regret not having answered it before, but Christmas is always a busy time. I think the clauses in your Will regarding the disposal of Alston court are excellent and well thought out. I hope you all had a good time this Christmas, we spent ours quietly here and attended the service at the Kew Parish Church the preacher being Lord Lang, the former Archbishop of Canterbury, he lives on Kew Green. We had our new years dinner with Mrs Shuttleworth at Hampstead. Ella and Nancy are going to Bath for a week on Jan 16th and I shall be staying with my mother in law. I can't travel any distance in the wintertime I feel the cold so much.
Thank you and Dorothy very much for your card and good wishes.
With love from us all,
Yours ever,
Charles E Fenn.
Written on 2 sides of notepaper undated but clearly early 1944

15. Charlies Letters: Life in War Time London, His Wife Ella's Death., 7 Sep 1944, 15 Jul 1945, 24 Apr 1946, 8 Priory Rd Kew London. 8 Priory Rd
Kew Surrey.
Sept 7th 44
My dear Harry,
It was so good of you and Margot to send us that delightful present, we have already started on the honey which is delicious. We all thank you both so much for it. We were so sorry to hear of your various illnesses and do hope that the precious E.L.F. has quite recovered from his croup. From Aug 31 to Sept 4th I spent a perfectly delightful weekend at Nayland. Dorothy and Angela (the younger girl) made everything so comfortable for me and I saw most of my old friends, I also read the Lessons in Church, my "Swan Song" I told them, but I was howled down. They are working hard in the garden and the house and are making many improvements. I am very glad you were pleased with the sum remitted to you, the N. Zealand exchange must be very favourable to you. I have now the Defence Bonds (L163) which will not be paid before Nov 15th., as the authorities require six months notice, also your rebate and a final sum which is lying to your credit at the bank, so there is still a nice little bit of money. There are still those wretched Illinois Bonds which seem almost impossible to sell, however Rands (of Northampton) is attending to them. Dorothy has asked Van to come to Nayland and I hope he will go, I wrote to him today to that effect. I hope you are settling down happily in your new house, as I felt at Nayland, it must have been a great wrench to leave your old "Homestead". Still it will be a great rest and relief to you all.
With love from us all to yourself Margot and little E.L.F.
Your affectionate brother
Charles E. Fenn

8 Priory Rd
Phone: Ring 5927
July 15th 45
My dear Harry,
Thank you very much for your long chatty letter telling me all about your home life, also for the photo of Margot and E.L.F. How very much he resembles what you were like at his age, when you were photographed in petticoats holding a hoop and with long curls, how the fashion's alter! I must have been a most objectionable child in the my earlier years in I usually am depicted with a discontented, scowling expression. Aunt Ada used to tell me later on that I usually had a grievance, the whole universe was against me. The family at Nayland are settling down very happily there, Alston has been demobbed and is now living the life of a country gentleman. Aunt Alison (his mother), Aunt Bertha that was, who has been bombed out of London and was temporarily living at Northampton where she found Van's visits a perfect godsend, left their for Eastbourne the other day, she got permission to motor the whole distance and stopped at Kew on her journey through town, she brought her maid and the chauffeur and Ella and Nancy had prepared a veritable Lord Mayor's banquet for them all which the old lady enjoyed four she wrote to us a very grateful letter of thanks afterwards. She is staying with Olive at present until she can find good rooms in a Hotel which will take a long time under present circumstances. I am trying hard to obtain a crossword puzzle book, but they are not printing them now, I have applied at Smith's and Boots without success, I sent you one or two some years ago but whether they ever reached you is doubtful. I occasionally go into Richmond and at a large "At Home Tea Party" I met Lucy Bateman, she does not look a day older than 65 and yet she will be 80 next year how time flies. Dolly B is still in her chronic ill-health, I dare say you knew that Jesse died a few years ago, otherwise they are all fairly well. The two dear old ladies at Wentworth House are having a hard time, or rather Adria is for she has to bear all the burdens and anxieties, bombs have on two occasions almost destroyed the house, they are without maid's, Enid Routh and a weird friend of hers called Hamilton Fraser I have never met her but she seems to be a somewhat hypochondrieal sort of person, she hails from New Zealand, somewhere in your locality, I think Adria finds her more a trouble than a help, poor Adria, she was so long that petted lamb of the family and now in her old age, to be the drudge, but she bears it all nobly. Ella and I have the greatest admiration for Adria Todd.
Ella and I went out to Hampstead a few weeks ago and met Dolly Cotes who was staying a week with Mrs Shuttleworth, I had not met Dolly in some years, but I thought that she had aged very much, she still keeps on moving about so I never know her address, but at present she is somewhere in Bournemouth. I believe Van has got our old "Ye Christmasse Pille" and I have suggested that he should send it to you this Christmas, as now there will be no risk, Margot I am sure would like to see the queer old card and to read its history which I wrote out on its 30th birthday, next year please send it to me (if I am still in the land of the living).
July 16th., Have just received your most kind and welcome present, but really old chap, in the present state of your finances you must not send me any more of your generous presents and in any case don't send any honey in the summer, Van who received his parcel a few weeks ago told me that the honey was losing all over its container and in my case, it must have arrived dripping externally, for the P.O. Authorities had to open it and remove what they called the "perishable article". We have had a heatwave (Temp 85 and more) and terrific thunder and storms all over the country. Ella and Nancy are going away for a change soon, if they can secure accommodation, they both need a change especially Ella who has not been very well lately. But time is now getting short for Margot and by the time you receive this letter it will be all, I trust safely over and may the wee mite turn out to be a blessing and pride to you both.
With much love from us all,
Your affect brother
Charles E. Fenn.
P.S. you seen to have altered your address it used to be at Park Street Gleniti and now it is Gleniti Taiko RMD, (whatever that may mean)

My dear Harry,
Thank you for your letter. Since I last wrote to you, the most terrible calamity has been fallen upon me. My beloved Ella has died. She was attacked by a growth, but at first the treatment she was receiving did her so much good that the doctors held out high hopes, but afterwards secondary growths appeared which spread with terrible rapidity and she sank & died on April 9th. She lies buried in Richmond Cemetery, the service was at Kew Church and I was so glad that Van was able to conduct it, Nancy and I are alone here now & you can imagine the blank that has fallen upon our lives, but Nancy is a wonderful girl and is the greatest comfort and help to me. Ella had been wondering if you & Margot ever received a little garment she embroidered for little Katharine, the last piece of embroidery she did. It was sent out about the beginning of last December. Yes we received safely the Julius family tree, but Nancy had been keeping it to show to Van and now she wants to keep it to show to Muriel Julius who has just returned from Cornwall but I want to send it back at once. Nancy and I are continuing to live here, anyhow for my lifetime, it is a nice house and suits us both, and it is easy to run, I hope that you and Margot and of the two two (sic) dear children are all keeping fit.
Love from Nancy and myself to you all,
Your affect brother
Charles E. Fenn
8 Priory Rd
Kew Surrey.
April 24th (1946)
To you both
Since daddy wrote this I have received Margot's letter to mummy: thank you so much for it I was delighted to hear that the little coat arrived safely - m - often wondered if it had - and near the end she had a dream about chalk to children and she said they had found the parcel - so that quite satisfied her. She was so splendoured and brave throughout her illness - I was able to nurse her myself - which was a great comfort to me - except for two or three times a week when a very nice retired nurse we'd know (who helped us with D last year) came an did to be few things I couldn't manage myself, we wandered a beard of all service for her- and with the many friends - the music & flowers - people told us afterwards that we had succeeded. We entered on a note of triumph with "Praise my Soul the King of Heaven" - Uncle Van's suggestion - and I asked everyone to sing. I feel that to mourn it only to show self-pity - m - must be happier out of this troublesome world, but we were such great friends it seems terrible to be parted. Daddy has been splendid & I been so busy I hardly had time to think - m was very keen I assured continue with my singing which is a great interest. I lunched at a Chinese restaurant today - with my Uncle Lee. Afterwards I saw my Grandmother who is very ill & I am afraid cannot last long - everything comes at once - I hope the future will be brighter - the spring blossoms at Kew are lovely - how kind of you to think of parcel - tongues and dried fruits would be most welcome - All love Nancy.
Both letters together written on an Air Letter.

16. Charlies Letters: To Harry in NZ thanks for food parcels.London after the war, 27 Jun 1946, Jul 1946, 20 Aug 1946, 8 Priory Rd Kew London. 8 Priory Rd
Kew Surrey.
My dear Harry,
Yours and Margot's very welcome presents reached us two days ago, it is most generous of you both to send us them, especially as I know you are hard up. I had some of the marmalade for breakfast this morning it was the most delicious I have ever tasted. Just imagine you keeping some of my Haileyburian letters, do you remember that awful contretemps I made when I was at Temple Grove when I wrote a letter to you beginning "Dear Cocky Lockey Kiri Kik etc and sent it to Father by mistake, and you received my letter to Father. I had a regular stinger from the Dad by return, and he reported the matter to Mr Edgar and I went about for some days afterwards looking like a whipped hound. I wish I could give you some definite news about these infernal Illinois bonds, but what with my own out of pocket expenses and Rands bill and the Banks, I don't think there will be much left for us when it is divided into four. After that has been paid off there will only be these mysterious postwar credits, your share is about L9-9-0. Nancy is splendid looking after me and the household, her cooking is wonderful. At present she is cooking fish, with our greedy cat in close attendance. We have had Van. In the lead in the side of last week, he and Nancy did the Academy, went to Hampton Court and one day Van looked up the Bateman's and Todd's and explored the cemetery where he found several fresh graves including old Mr and Mrs Todd and others, he seems to like doing that sort of thing. He looked fairly well and Nancy fed him up, I fancy he leads rather a Spartan like existence with that awful William. Nancy is getting on well with her singing and is singing at a big private party early next month. I hope Edward acquitted himself well as a page. Your description of Katharine shows what a sweet baby she must be, Nancy could say "Dad Dad" long before she could say Mum Mum, much to her darling Mother's grief. My own health is none of the best I just exist and can manage to hobble down to Kew Green and watch the cricket on a Saturday afternoon, but it has been such miserable cold weather lately, we have not really had any summer.
Best love to you and Margot from Nancy and myself and many many thanks again for your generous present.
Your affect brother
Charles E. Fenn.
Written after April 1946.

8 Priory Rd
Kew Surrey.
My dear Harry,
Yours and Margot's stream of presents shown no sign of slackening and I really do not know whether I have thank you for all of them, anyhow I think you are now it is most kind and generous of you both. Van sent me a cutting from the "Times" about George Julius death and also another cutting which you had sent him some time ago both of which I shall put in my big album. What a marvellous brain he had, I had no idea that he had held so many important posts. By the way one cutting says he left two sons have either or both survived him? If so the Fredrick Gilder Julius branch is not extinct I had always thought that when Dudley's son says Saul was killed in the war that he was the last survivor of our branch of the Julius line. You ought to have received by now that wonderful genealogical table which George sent you. The stamp on your letter interested me, it was a clever idea of Audry's to have the plate glass window at the back of the altar looking out on that beautiful view. I rather envied him still hoping to be able to drive a car, I have long given that up for with my "elephant" legs I can only crawl about and my balance is so bad that I keep on tumbling, unless I have Nancy on one side of me. I am afraid my deafness is increasing, I have ordered a fresh pair of spectacles which I hope will improve my eyesight. American "red tape" still holds up the sale of Edgars Illinois Railway Bonds when this wretched business will be settled I really cannot tell, let us hope in my lifetime, for I am the sole executor. Glad to hear that Edward likes his school and is beginning to read quite well. Nancy is having a gay time and her engagement book is usually full up, today in she is lunching at the Ladies Carlton Club with her cousin Mab Dalton, then she is going on to tea with her Aunt Inez (who married Lee Shuttleworth) and in the evening is going to a Concert where Anna Shuttleworth (a wonderful cello player) is performing. Anna is the daughter of Inez and is Nancy's only first cousin on the Shuttleworth side of the family, so I am left alone with the precious Persian cat Cymbeline, of aristocratic dissent and whose real name is Lord Wirelscombe. Your Labour Govt and our Labour Govt are doing their best to ruin and bring to bankruptcy our respective countries. Alison Fenn daughter of Alston is engaged to be married, she will be married from Alston Court, I was trying to think when there had been a wedding from Alston Court, certainly not in my lifetime, and as Uncle Sam & Aunt Margaret were both single, it may have be our grandfather T H Fenn, surgeon when he married Maria Alston somewhere about the year 1840.
With love to you both
Ever your affect brother
Charles E. Fenn
Written on an Air Letter after June 46.

8 Priory Rd
Kew Surrey.
My dear Harry,
Many many thanks to Margot and yourself for your kind and generous gifts, which Nancy has been taking full advantage of. She is going to two weddings in the near future, one to a friend of hers on the farm at Ham and the other to Alison Fenn's marriage to a Major Redman at Nayland. The latter will be a great event all the village agog, Church Bells ringing etc they wanted Van to marry them but he would be unable to do so as the wedding is on a Saturday. I thought at first I might go if I took a motor there and back, but as I cannot walk about and am very deaf, I came to the conclusion it was not worth while. It is the first wedding they have had from Alston Court since our grandmother Marie Fenn married Thomas Fenn (our grandfather) 106 years ago. Nancy is not stopping the night and will return the same day. Perhaps you have heard that Mabel Todd has had another stroke, but it was only a very slight one and she is rapidly recovering from it. Mrs Shuttleworth died two or three weeks ago she had run through nearly all her money but luckily they will be able to sell the leasehold of her house at a good price and her furniture ought to fetch good prices. Nancy is one of the executives and she is up at Hempstead at the present moment. I have just been making enquiries at my bank about those wretched Illinois Railway Bonds but they have had no further news. American red tape seems to be even worse than our own. Thank you for your many snapshots of the family, tall Agrippa is he not appropriate in one of them. Van sent me on Katharine's photo, a darling little girl she is. Adria is settling down comfortably in Cheltenham with all her Alston Court furniture around her, having to act the part of nurse attendant on Mrs ? is making a new woman of her and bringing out all her best qualities. Thank you for New Zealand illustrated papers, I pass them on to an old gentleman living in an Priory Road, aged 92, an aristocratic old boy and related to the late Earl of Dysart of Ham House.
With much loved to your wall from Nancy and myself.
Your affectionate brother
Charlie E. Fenn
Written on an Air Letter c Jul1946.

17. Charlies Letters: Family news and his failing health, 4 Nov 1946-15 Dec 1946, 8 Priory Rd Kew London. 8 Priory Rd
Kew Surrey.
My dear Harry,
Your family a group photo arrived a few days ago. Thank you for sending a copy, I think it a splendid one, quite the best you have ever had taken off you all, Margot and yourself are excellent, what a darling little Katharine looks, Edward appears a little alarmed, but he clings on to the arm of "tall Agrippa" you will by now have received a little money from me, Edgars bonds fetched more than I had expected, considering all the expenses had to be deducted, including lawyers & Banks fees and my own out of pocket expenses. I have been able to sell three years of your Post War Certificates as you were over 65, they came to L7 odd, the widows cruise is almost trained except for one drop viz your last P War Certificate which comes to L2 odd, when I shall recover it I don't know probably not in my lifetime for I get weaker every day though the process is very gradual. You were asking me about the two old men at Tilford, Cousin Kate married a Reginald Julius and Eggie or Egbart - was her brother-in-law Reginald was another brother to grandfather Julius, he Eggie had a stroke and thus was rather imbecile he had been a solicitor in Farnham. The other one was his brother I have forgotten his name but I think you will find it all down on Georges wonderful genealogical tree.
Nancy has been very gay, she goes to many Concerts etc including one at the BBC which was very interesting, she is developing a good voice and, I hope, will be able to make something out of it in the future. There is nothing much for me to tell you, we have come to the horrible month of November, damp and cold, and I rarely leave the house. Van paid us a visit a few weeks ago, he was looking very well in spite of the neglect of that horrible William; Nancy is making a few fresh friends, but they must have some hobby such as music or history, we gave a tea party here the other day and had very interesting discussions, history has always been one of my hobbies, so I could join in the talk as far as my deafness would allow me to. I have not been to Wentworth House lately so cannot give you any news of the Todd's.
With love to you all
Your affectionate brother
Charles E. Fenn
Written on an Air Letter dated 4 Nov 1946.

Dec 15th 46
My dear Harry,
I had intended to write to you sometime ago in order that I might send you and Margo our best wishes for Christmas and the New Year, but I am afraid this letter will be late. I have been ill lately, in fact I nearly "pegged out" owing to loss of blood from an extracted tooth, the bleeding went on until past midnight and then I staggered up to bed where I collapsed, Nancy in alarm sent for the doctor he found me stone cold and pallid, however with brandy and hot water bath's I revived but it left me very weak and I was in bed for some days. Thank you very much for all your letters, to me your one by ordinary mail has just arrived. I was shocked to read the news about George Julius's son most incomprehensible. The weather at present is appalling, thick fog and a freezing atmosphere, the worst possible combination, I never venture out of doors. Nancy and I are spending Christmas here and may entertain the Shuttleworth's (Lee his wife and daughter) if they can come. Nancy is very busy at present settling up her Granny's affairs she has got down here her baby grand piano and a very beautiful piece of furniture it makes our drawing room. She is getting on very well with her singing and this afternoon is away at a party which her singing mistress is giving to some of her pupils. Nancy has been chosen to sing a song and a duet . . . . She is a dear child and looks after me with loving care for now that my dearest Ella has died we are all in all to each other and I feel I must try and carry on though this weather is terrible for me and I often wish that I had not recovered from my illness the other day, however for Nancy's sake I feel I must keep on going. Your Christmas presents are most generous and most welcome, Nancy is sending the tin of fat to Mrs Shuttleworth's cook who is going to make us a plum pudding with it for our Christmas dinner. I dare say you have heard that Aunt Alston has gone to live at Nayland, Van will miss his weekly visit to her. We are having another cosmopolitan tea party next Saturday (Swedes, Norwegians, and Dutch) our last one was a great success, they are all musical and interested in history so Nancy and I have plenty of interesting topics to talk to them about, though alas I am getting very deaf. Hope the money draft has arrived by now, did not send it by cable this time, in order to save expense. Well old chap all good wishes to you and Margo and the family in the New Year from Nancy and myself
Ever your affectionate brother
Charles E Fenn.
A Air Letter giving address 8 Priory Road Kew Surrey to Harold L Fenn Gleniti Taiko RMD Timaru NZ

18. Charlies Letters: Family news Charlie's last letter to Harry & Margot, 23 Feb 1947-18 Mar 1947, 8 Priory Rd Kew London. 8 Priory Road
Feb 23rd 47.
My dear Harry
As this letter ought to reach you somewhere near your birthday, I take the opportunity of wishing you many happy returns of the day, I hope the money draft has reached you by this time the letter post takes a long time now, for I only received "ye Christmasse Pill" a few days ago. You did say that your Bank was the Bank of Australia Timaru, for that was where I directed the draft to be sent to, however alas I heard you had not received it, I caused enquiries to be made at my Bank, they have referred the matter to their Foreign Office Department but I have not heard from them yet. Van is coming to us for a few days on March 3 if a thaw starts, at present he is snowed up and has to give up all his visiting as he cannot use his bicycle, he and Nancy hope to see the King's picture exhibited at Burlington house, I shall be thankful when milder weather comes on, for these prolonged Arctic conditions are simply too awful and I feel the cold intensely. My darling Nancy looks after me with the utmost loving care, she is getting on very well with her singing and goes to numerous concerts and musical entertainments I have not put my nose out of doors for months and, as I think I have told you before, just exist! Nancy visited Wentworth house the other day, poor Adria is kept prisoner for Mabel weeps constantly if Adria ever leaves her, very selfish of Mabel. We have got a new vicar at Richmond, a married man with 4 children, they are going to give up the old vicarage, the ground will probably have large flats built upon it. There is also a new vicar at Nayland, I hope he will prove a great success than his predecessor Canon Wright. He comes from Cumberland and is a married man. I expect on his induction he and the Bishop will be entertained at Alston Court as we did when Canon Wright was inducted. I believe they are getting on well at Alston Court and keeping Aunt Alston warm in spite of the great fuel and electricity cuts though I don't know how they can manage it. Well old boy, much love to you, Margo and the family.
Your affectionate brother
Charles E Fenn
An Airletter giving address 8 Priory Road Kew Surrey to Harold L Fenn Gleniti Taiko RMD Timaru NZ.

Mar 18th 47.
My dear Harry,
Your most generous gift arrived a day or to ago, Nancy and I thank you and Margo very much for it, Jam, Marmalade, Honey are just what we want as they all cost a great many points and we are not supplied with many of these. My bank has just informed me that they have heard through their Foreign Office Department that your money is at the Bank of Australasia, Timaru, so if you have not got it that is where you must apply for it. I said Bank of Australia, perhaps they are both at Timaru. Van arrived yesterday and is stopping until March 2nd he has been completely snowed up for a few days. We have been very lucky and have escaped any damage from storms and floods at present England is like a tremendous lake. We are having our upstairs room made habitable by running a hot water pipe up there and putting in a sink the new district nurse and her husband are coming to live there, they came to tea here the other day both very nice people and will give no trouble. I hope your osteo arthritis is no worse perhaps they will be able to deal with that disease by the radium chemicals that can be obtained by the release of atomic energy. This letter ought to arrive about your birthday, so I take the opportunity of wishing you many happy returns of the day, thank you and Margo very much for all those interesting papers from New Zealand. Much love to you both.
From Nancy and myself
Your affectionate brother
Charles E Fenn
An Airletter giving address 8 Priory Road Kew Surrey to Harold L Fenn Gleniti Taiko RMD Timaru NZ. Endorsed CEF's last letter he died in April 47

Charlie married Edith Elizabeth SHUTTLEWORTH [30], daughter of Dr George Edward SHUTTLEWORTH BA (Hons) MD LSA MRCS [558] and Edith Mary HADWEN [2401], on 14 Apr 1915 in St Peters Belsize Park. Ella was born on 17 Feb 1881, died on 9 Apr 1946 in Kew London at age 65, and was buried on 13 Apr 1946 in Richmond Cemetery. The cause of her death was breast cancer. She was usually called Ella.

General Notes:
Edith was always known as Ella, she was a very good pianist and always in demand as an accompanist. Ella assisted her father in his work with handicapped children, and used music to engage them in any early form of music therapy.
Ella brought her music to Suffolk, forming a Womens Institute Choir in Polstead with considerable sucess. However she had little interest in living in Alston Court Nayland, a large cold house lacking amenities.

The marriage of Edith Elizabeth Shuttleworth daughter of Dr. G E Shuttleworth and of, Edith M.Shuttleworth of 8, Lancaster Place Hampstead, N.W. formerly of Ancaster House Richmond and Parkholme East Sheen to Dr Charles Edward Fenn, 34, Streatham Hill, S.W. son of the late Dr. E. L. Fenn, of Richmond, took place at St. Peter's, Belsize Park, NW, on Wednesday.
The bride who was given away by her father, wore a gown of ivory silk brocale veiled with ninon Brussels lace with, bodice and veil of the same and her ornaments were pearls and diamonds and peridot and pearl bracelet, the gift of the bridegroom.
The bridesmaids were Miss Digby (Dorothy) Cotes, of Richmond and Miss Esther MacGillycuddy, of Bournemouth, and they wore dresses of pale blue French satin with mauve hats trimmed with violets and roses. They carried Victorian bouquets of violets and roses and wore Amethyest and pearl pendants the gifts of the bridegroom.
The officiating clergy were the Very Rev.H.M.M. Hackett :M.A., B.D. LL.D. D.C.L. the Rev. E. Fenn. M.A. brother of the bridegroom, and the Rev. F. H. Lacy, M.A., and Lieut-Commander Cyril Fenn R.N. brother of the bridegroom acted as best man. The groomsman was Mr. H. L. H. Shuttleworth I.C.S. (brother of the bride), in the uniform of the Punjab Light Horse.
The service was a full choral one and. and at the close Miss Constance Drever sang Now will I sing to God (Kelly). Mr L D Marsden, A.R.C.O. was at the organ.
The reception took place at the residence of the bride's parents, 8, Lancaster Place N.W., and later in the day the newly married pair left for Devonshire for the honeymoon. The bride's travelling dress was a dark blue Roman satin coat and skirt with Tagal hat to match. Over 200-presents were received.

A second newspaper report records some of the guests at the wedding:
Mrs E. Liveing Fenn, Colonel Fenn, C.I.E. and Mrs Fenn, Mrs Digby Cotes, Lieutenant Commander Cyril Fenn and the Rev E. V. Fenn, Mrs and Miss Bateman, Miss M. Benson, Dr and Mrs Borne Benson, Mrs Rothwell, Mrs Perry and Holmes Perry, Mr Mrs and Miss Masterson, Lady McGregor, Lady Dalton, Miss Dalton, the Mayor and Mayoress of Richmond, Mrs George Cave, the Rev and Mrs Welch Owen, Mr and Mrs Douglas Charrington, Mr R Jack, A.R.A and Mrs and Miss Jack, Dr McGillicuddy, Dr and Mrs Fuller, Dr and Mrs Wall, Dr Brock, the Rev and Mrs Faithfull Davies, the Very Rev Dr Hackett and Mrs and Miss Hackett, Mrs Tickell, Mr and Mrs Atkins, Mr W. Lisle Taylor, Mr and Mrs Kelsall.
Also reported was the bride and bridegroom were the recipients of about 250 presents which included jewels, plate, pictures, and drawing room furniture.
Ref: No 1 Clipping Book

Postcard of Japanese Cherries in Kew.
Addressed to
Miss Fenn
Hawkins Farm
Caundle Marsh

95 Queens Rd
20 Aug 40
Your delightful long letter and the dress arrived this aftn I shall try on the dress this evening. It was sweet of you to finish it when you are so busy. Van has just arrived, so in a minute or two I must start preparing supper. Mrs Adams rang up this morning. Daddy and Van send their love.
Very much love and renewed Thanks

Postcard of the Thames from Richmond Hill
Addressed to
Miss Fenn
Hawkins Farm
Caundle Marsh

95 Queens Rd
19 Sept 40
This must have been Surrey taken from nearly our favourite seat; I have written to Mrs Lemon(?) to ask her to put us up on Oct 1st if she can, it would be lovely to see you again and to have a respite from these endless nights! Two very nice Air Raid Wardens searched our garden during the night for Mrs Marshall heard a crash, nothing was found so I conclude it was a tile
Very much love from D and Me

Ella was aged 65 at her death.

Ellas grave reference: Section 13, grave 10075. with Charlie (London Borough of Richmond on-line burial search).

Other Records

1. Census: England, 3 Apr 1881, Royal Albert Asylum Scotforth Lancashire. Edith is recorded as a daughter aged under 2 mths born Scotforth LAN

2. Census: England, 5 Apr 1891, Royal Albert Asylum Scotforth Lancashire. Edith is recorded as a daughter aged 10 a scholar under tuition born Scotforth LAN

3. Census: England, 31 Mar 1901, Ancaster House Richmond SRY. Edith is recorded as a daughter single aged 20 born Lancaster LAN

The child from this marriage was:

+ 506 F    i. Edith Nancy Alston FENN [31] was born on 2 Feb 1917 in 8 Lancaster Plc. Hamstead London, died on 26 Sep 2003 in Wimbledon London at age 86, and was cremated on 6 Oct 2003 in Putney Vale Chapel Wimbledon.

287. Walter Robert Julius FENN [32] (Katharine Pauline JULIUS141, Frederick Gilder MD FRCS (Dr)82, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 5 Feb 1875 and died on 9 Aug 1880 in Isle Wight at age 5. He was usually called Bobby.

General Notes:
Two portraits of Bobby in the possession of E L Fenn Auckland NZ 1998. Date of birth may be Jan 5.

288. Evelyn Alston FENN [34] (Katharine Pauline JULIUS141, Frederick Gilder MD FRCS (Dr)82, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 29 Feb 1876 in Richmond SRY and died on 27 Sep 1877 in Portland Tce Richmond SRY at age 1.

General Notes:
Death Notice : On the 27th Sept at 1 Portland-terrace, Surrey, Evelyn Alston, daughter of Edward L and Katherine P Fenn, aged one year and seven months.

289. Harold Liveing FENN [33] (Katharine Pauline JULIUS141, Frederick Gilder MD FRCS (Dr)82, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 28 Mar 1877 in Richmond SRY, was baptised in Stoke, died on 6 Jan 1969 in St Georges Hospital Christchurch NZ at age 91, and was buried in 1969 in Timaru N.Z. He was usually called Harry.

General Notes:
Harry was born in the Wardrobe Court of the Old Palace Richmond in the room Elizabeth I died in, however his birth certificate records their address in the nearby 1 Portland Tce Richmond. His sponsor was Dr G.D. Liveing. The Wardrobe Court was a Grace and Favour premises leased by the Crown to the Julius and Fenn families. The Julius family lived there, and their medical practice, of which Edward Fenn was a partner, was there also. Harry's birth was there, probably with his mother attended upon, by her father Dr Frederick Julius, and her mother closeby. Frances Harriet Torlesse was a Godmother.

Harry was 9 when his mother Katherine died and would, as was the custom then, have been at boarding school. Katherine's sister Aunt Polly (Mary Caroline Julius) was a surrogate mother to the family until her untimely death in 1890. They also had as children a succession of Nannies some appeared loving and supportive (see letter from Nannie Goat below). Harry was educated at Malvern House Dover and Haileybury College 1891.3 - 1894.3. He then attended Kings College London for a term, before training as a mechanical & electrical engineer with Davey Paxman (now GEC) of Colchester ESS, then Christy Brothers and Middleton of Chelmsford one of the pioneers of electrification in the early 20th.C.
He was responsible for the installation of steam turbine driven electrical generating plants, and reticulation of the electricity. He told a story of having his hand in the cylinder of a steam engine when someone stood on the flywheel, squashing his hand to about half an inch thick, it recovered without lasting harm. About this time he took up photography as a hobby.

Haileybury Register 1891.3
Fenn, Harold Liveing, b. 28 Mar 77, s. of E. L. Fenn, M.D. Colchester, C91.3-94.3. D. in ChCh N Zealand, 6 Jan. 69.

MY IDEA OF HAPPINESS: Having a jolly holiday.
MY IDEA OF MISERY. Writing in this book.
MY FAVOURITE OCCUPATION: Fishing, boating, bathing.
MY FAVOURITE PROSE AUTHORS: Rider, Haggard, Julius Horne.
MY FAVOURITE FOOD: Chicken & mutton.
MY FAVOURITE NAMES: Ethel, Ada, Bertha, Charlie.
MY PET AVERSION: Hot treacle tart.

Harry spent some time at the end of his English schooling at schools near Montreux, Switzerland it is thought this may also have been undertaken for health reasons.

In mid 1895 Harry had a climbing accident on the "Roche de Naye" in Swiss Alps, this is described in a letter from his father to his brother Van.
Harry's brush with death 12 May 1895.
Have you heard of Harry's near escape on the mountain? As I do not think you have I will quote his words:
"I and some other chaps began to go up the Rocke de Naye, all went well until we got up about 5000 feet then we had to go up steep slopes covered with frozen snow the snow was very hard and it was also freezing hard, well we ascended by dint of hard work cutting our way up them, after we had gone up about 100 yards (I forgot to tell you these slopes were covered with huge rocks) we walked along the top of the slope under a huge set of rocks, after a bit we had to get round one, three of the boys got round and then I came, I got half way when just as I was bringing my right foot round to another step my left foot and the step gave way, immediately I began to go down these tremendous slopes at a terrific pace, I crashed through between two trees and then down I went getting faster and faster if it was possible. I pressed my alpine stock head hard down on the snow it made no difference except to keep my head from going down head foremost, well at last I crashed on to a rock and rolled over 6 feet to the ground on the other side and would you believe it I was none the worse for it except very much bruised cut and shaken. I went down quite 80 feet it was steeper than the slope in front of the drawing-room window"
He says if he had fallen a little further he would have been dashed to pieces over the precipice.
Thank God for preserving him I say
Edward L Fenn

The Worshipful Company of Wax Chandlers
Admissions between 1730 and 1950
Harold Liveing Fenn, Grey Friars Colchester Essex, Engineer, Date admitted to Freedom 18/04/1902, Admitted in Right of Servtude, Date admitted to the Livery 14/04/1911

Harry, was admitted as a Liveryman to the Worshipful Company of Wax Chandlers, a City of London Guild dating back to the 12th century. Apart from the protection of their trade and support of their members, the Guild has supplied (bees) wax candles to St Paul's Cathedral since 1371. He was introduced to the Guild by his half grandfather Charles J. Todd who was known as "Father of the City Corporation" (City of London). Charles was member for Queenhithe ward for 50 yrs from 1857
When Harry died in 1969 he was the longest serving Liveryman in the Guild.

A sufferer from asthma, for his health's sake he emigrated to N.Z. leaving Tilbury London Thurs 22 Mar 1906 on the R M S Tongariro. He was seen off by his father and brothers Charlie, Cyril and Edgar. His asthma did not abate in New Zealand, but from the day of his marriage in 1939, he did not suffer another attack.

Harry worked as a farming cadet with his Cousin Ella's husband Arthur Elworthy at "Holme Station" (see Elworthy [595]). Then in 1910 Harry purchased "Grange Hill" Maungati, South Canterbury for L10,000. A 5000 acre grazing run in the Hunter Hills, he made a reasonable living over the years in spite of selling fat lambs for 6d each, and wool for 4d a pound during the depression.

NZ Gazette 1917 pg 1943
Men called up under the Military Service Act 1916 for Service in NZEF.
* 31805 Fenn Harold Liveing Sheep Farmer Grange Hill Cave. (* = previously volunteered.)
Harry was not called up, age health and being a farmer probably accounted for this

Using his considerable knowledge and practical and mechanical skills he installed electricity at Grange Hill and at other properties in the district.

Harry visited England in 1921, to see his brother Cyril who died while he was in England, travelling on the S.S. Orvieto. Returning on the S.S. Rimutaka sailing from Southampton 2 Dec 1921 via Panama. He visited England again in 1938 where he met his wife to be on the ship RMS Tainui "home" to England, he returned on RMS Arawa.

Land Transfer Act Notice.
Evidence having been furnished of the loss of the outstanding duplicate of lease of small grazing run, Register book Volume 322, folio 147, for Rural Sections 36222 and 36223, situate in blocks VII, VIII, XI and XII, Nimrod Survey District, whereof Harold Liveing Fenn, of Cave, Farmer, is the registered lessee, and application having been made to me for the issue of a provisional lease in lieu of the said outstanding duplicate I hereby give notice that it is my intention to issue such provisional lease at the expiry of 14 days from the date of the Gazette containing this notice.
Dated at the land Registry Office, Christchurch, this 18th day of October, 1938
A.L.B. Ross, District Land Registrar
THE NEW ZEALAND GAZETTE October 20 1938 No. 77 Pg 2266

Harry a bachelor in Maungati for 35 years was much respected in the community. An accomplished magician, he enjoyed entertaining the children of the district, and at his own cost installed and maintained a telephone service in the area. He played the piano a little! Grange Hill was popular for picnic and shooting parties hunting pig and wallaby. Harry was a gentle and loving father who was always slightly in awe of a life that brought him into farming which he "loved", and then a loving wife and family at age 62.

A social and dance was held in the Maungati School on November 3 for the purpose of making a presentation to Mr H. L. Fenn, to welcome his wife, and to extend the good wishes of the district to the newly-married couple.
Practically every household in the district was represented at the gathering, as were the households of the surrounding districts.
The size of the gathering and its representative character were eloquent testimony of the general esteem and affection that Mr Fenn has won in his long residence at Grange Hill. Speeches expressing that esteem were made by Messrs A. Cookson and D. Dent, and Mr Bird, as the oldest resident and the one first associated with Mr Fenn when he came to Grange Hill, presented Mr and Mrs Fenn with a silver tea set on behalf of the residents.
Mr Fenn, returning thanks on behalf of himself and his wife, deferred to the present and the numbers present as just another visible example of the friendship and goodwill on the part of all which he had enjoyed throughout his residence in the district, and which he keenly appreciated. Miss N. Neale played for the dancing and Mrs Dent, Mr W. Smith and Mr W. Forman contributed extras.

Extracts from The Silver Tussock.
By Allister Evans.
Mr H. L. Fenn: H. L. Fenn was born in Richmond, Surrey, England. But more than this he was born in the historic Palace of Richmond which was Queen Elizabeth I's favourite residence, and where she died. By chance he was born in the same room.
H. L. Fenn was educated in a Preparatory School in Dover, Hailbury College, and in Switzerland. He came to New Zealand in May 1906. Actually he had trained in England as an electrical engineer, but due to poor health came out to New Zealand, hoping to find suitable work. After a few weeks in Christchurch with his uncle, Bishop Julius, he went as a cadet to his cousin by marriage, A. S. Elworthy of Holme Station, where he worked for four years. Then in 1910 he took possession of Grange Hill from M. Ormsby, and there he remained till 1944. In October 1939, he married Marjorie Barker.
While at Maungati he was instrumental for having party lines installed in the telephone system, linking up the settlers to the central bureau. At his own cost he maintained the line till he left the district. He took an interest in religious matters and was a member of the Anglican Church Committee. For several years the Timaunga School Picnic was held at Grange Hill, and was looked upon as the event of the year.
Life on a sheep station frequently meant very long hours. In order to commence mustering in time, it was necessary to be up long before daylight, have breakfast, prepare the horses and dogs, and be out on to the hills in the semi-darkness. The neighbouring runholders all helped one another during the several musters of the year. They also co-operated for the marking and docking of the lambs, for the weaning and dipping, and whenever help was required. During his many years of hard work and toil on Grange Hill, Fenn experienced all the joys and sorrows of farming. In 1932 was a record low price for wool - four pence (i.e. (three cents) per pound, which brought with it a slump in the prices of sheep as well. There were floods and droughts in the same year. But over the years, he saw the run being developed very much to his satisfaction.
He made many warm and lasting friendships in the local community, the remembrance of which will always remain with him. In 1944 Mr and Mrs Fenn and the family left Maungati to reside in Gleniti, where the children attended school and later travelled daily to the Timaru High School for their secondary education. The Gleniti property was taken over by their son Edward after his marriage in November 1964. Early in 1965, Mr and Mrs Fenn went to live in Christchurch.

A Memory of Pat (Phil) McManus, a neighbour.
I remember my father sending my brother and me on our horses up to the Hunters Hills to ask Harold Fenn when it would be suitable for us to bring our sheep to his run to have them dipped. This was in 1917. As we approached the house we met a lad and asked for Mr Fenn. "He's not here" was the retort. "Well then Mrs Fenn, Well I dint recon we don't keep her here" said the lad in a very broad Scottish dialect. We then learnt that Harold Fenn was a bachelor. I forget about the dipping, but I guess the sheep were dipped at Fenns until my father built his own dip.

Ref: The Silver Tussock (Pareora river basin/ Timaru) by Allister Evans 1975 A history of Holme Station, Craigmore, Maungati, Cannington, Craigmore Downs, Motukaika, Upper Pareora and Alpine from the 1860s onwards. 235pp b&w photos and maps.

Harry retired in 1945 unable due to his osteoarthritis, to get off his horse at the end of a day of mustering. It was wartime and he could not hire labour to help him. Lucky at love but not so with money, he sold out in 1945 for L7500 under wartime Labour Govt price controls losing L2500 on what he paid in 1910 for the run. (The purchaser sold in the early 1950's wool boom for a reported L250,000)

The family moved to Gleniti a rural suburb of Timaru NZ where Harry enjoyed pottering in a large garden and doing "things" in his shed. In 1964 he and Margot moved to an apartment in Cambridge Court Christchurch (destroyed in the 2010 earthquake) to enable Margot's treatment for multiple myloma.

Fenn Harold Liveing. On January 6, 1969, at Christchurch, loved husband of Margery Helen Ruth Fenn, and loved father of Edward and Katharine, in his 92nd year. No flowers by request, but donations to Nurse Maude Association. The funeral will leave St Mary's Anglican Church Merivale, Tomorrow (Wednesday), after a service commencing at 3:45 PM, for the Canterbury Crematorium Chapel, Bromley. G Barrell and Sons Ltd.
Ref: Christchurch Press.

Research Notes:
Haileybury College, a Public School, is the successor to the East India Coy College it is located at Hertford Heath near Hertford. It was a liberal and humanitarian institution primarily for the education of prospective employees of the Honourable East India Company. The curriculum included oriental languages, its buildings are topped by a fine dome designed by William Wilkins.

Harry has not been found in the 1891 England Census?

The pictures of Harry taken at Craigmore Maungati NZ are from the Craigmore visitors book of the time in the possession of Sir Peter Elworthy 1999.

Maungati (was Timaunga)
The Government acquired for settlement a block of land twenty miles west of Timaru which had been named Timaunga by the owner, who intended the name to mean 'cabbage tree hill.' For this meaning the form is incorrect; it should have been Maungati. When later a post office was to be opened in the locality, Johnnes Carl Anderson was approached by the Department and asked if the form was correct. He said No ; the place was a hill so it was not grammatically correct as a Maori word, and the Post Office changed it to Maungati and that name has been used for the school and the district generally, although the post office closed after only a few years of service.
Ref: Olwyn <>

Medical Notes: Harry suffered for more than 30 years without complaint from Arthritic pain in his hips and knees. Also a chronic asthmatic, remarkably he was not to suffer another attack from the day he married.

Other Records

1. Census: England, 3 Apr 1881, 1 Portland Tce The Green Richmond SRY. Harold is recorded as a son aged 4 born Richmond.

2. Census: England, 31 Mar 1901, Wentworth Hse The Green Richmond SRY. Harold was a visitor at the Todd home Wentworth House, he is recorded as aged 24 single, employed as an Electrical App Engineer, born Richmond.

3. Fenn Family: Ye Christmasse Pill, To The King of Pugs, Confessions, Cir 1900.
"Ye Christmasse Pill"
An Art Nouveau card illustrated by Aubrey Beardsley (see picture file).
For more than 50 years the Fenn brothers circulated this Christmas Card between each of them in sequence annually, its history is recorded below.

Colchester Christmas 1899? - Still going strong

An Essex child, I came to light.
At Colchester one Christmas bright.
Born but one season's joy to give,
I little thought;
To such an hoary age to live.

The Christmas seasons come and go,
In years of joy and years of woe.
And though I'm worn and scarred and old,
I still survive;
Nay more, I'm worth my weight in gold

And thus encouraged, still l cling.
To life, and trust some joy to bring.
So please accept now, if you will
My Reader dear;
A greeting from Ye Christmasse Pill.

Ye Christmasse Pill
The History of My Life.
Having attained my 30th birthday, it has seemed good to me that I write a history of my life and the strange experiences which I have undergone, for it may well be, that the matter in which I came into this world, my miraculous escape from a painful death and my subsequent wanderings be, in truth, forgotten, unless set down on paper for the benefit of the generations to come.
My earliest recollections are of a shop in the High Street at Colchester, which indeed remains to this very day. With many other Christmas cards I lay there, frequently handled, but always passed over in contempt until on Christmas Eve 1899 I was purchased with other cards by two young men and carried off. My heart thrilled with triumph, at last I had been noticed, but my joy was too premature for later in the day I was brought out with the others and greeted with shouts of mockery and derision. "We could not possibly send this ugly card to anyone" was said and forthwith I was cast on the fire. Even now, although full thirty years have elapsed, I can feel the cruel flames licking my sides and searing my body, I gave myself up for lost but my dreadful fate appeared to touch the heart of the younger of the two brothers who had brought me and noticing that I was not wholly consumed he plucked me out of the flames. For a while I lay trembling but I was carefully preserved and a year later I was sent to the elder brother. To my great relief instead of mockery and hatred, he greeted me with joy and affection, in truth the ugly duckling had grown into a swan, and ever since then, every Christmas time I have visited one or other of the four brothers who now compose the family. I have crossed the ocean many times to far-off New Zealand, I have travelled all over England, whether it be that the North, South, East, or West and every home that I have come to, my advent has been hailed with joy and gladness. It is my dearest wish that I may continue on my joint journeys and that with my four faithful friends, not one missing, I may celebrate my jubilee.
When Van Fenn retired in 1951 to live with his brother Harry in New Zealand they were the surviving brothers, and the journeys stopped.
The transcription of this history was done in 2007, Ye Christmasse Pill, has now twice celebrated its jubilee, and has been retired to an archive.
Aubrey Beardsley was one of the most controversial artists of the Art Nouveau movement this card would have been very avant garde in 1899.
Van wrote the above history and the transcriber suspects that it was he who saved Christmasse Pill.

To the King of Pugs
Though is the best little dog of his day?
The quickest the wisest of the brightest I say,
Who sneezes and cries like a good little man,
And does all that you tell him as well as he can.
Who shuts to the door with a bang bang bang?
And rings the bell for Elizabeth Ann,
Who cries when you're ill and laughs when you're pleased,
And, Oh! never bites when even he's teased.
Who hates the white cat with unutterable scorn?
Who calls on mother and granny each more on?
Who loves the best place on the hearth rug soft?
Who jumps on your lap every day so oft?
His cousins can't hold a candle to him,
Although they are pretty and both very slim,
But they've not got his brains, nor his curly tail,
Vote for "Tiptree" and "Pat" his love will not fail,
For his nature it is to be noble and true,
And he loves all his kin, and you, And me to.
The transcriber thinks that this doggerel was written by Harry, Pickles was of course the family dog.

4. Harry in his youth: c 1880's. Harry's Birthplace The Old Palace Richmond & School Haileybury College.

5. Harry Living at Grey Frairs Colchester: Cir 1900. Harry at Grey Frairs Colchester and images of a generating plant the installation of which, he was responsible for.

6. Harry's Employment Testimonials: 1906 England.
Testimonials to Harry's work in England:
Harold L. Fenn Esq.
Alston Court
nr Colchester

Golden Valley Paper Mills
Nr Bristol
March 13, 1906
Dear Mr Fenn
I gather that this letter will be all you will require, and serve your purpose quite as well as a merely formal testimonial. I think I mentioned to you when you completed Messrs Christy's work here than I considered the work very thoroughly done. I might also add that, I consider the way that you and your colleague stuck at the work through thick and through thin, and in all temperatures was praiseworthy, and that if ever I had a large contract to place again for a L2000 job like that extending over a period of 12 months or more, there is no one I should more like to employ, than men of like character and cheerfulness such as you both proved yourselves to be.
Should you desire a letter of recommendation, to any person or firm, when you reach your destination, I shall be happy to send one.
Bon voyage
Yours sincerely Golden Valley Paper Mills
Charles King Smith. Prop
Hand written on one sheet of company letterhead, with envelope bearing the company name and franked Colchester 7 am Mar 14 06

From Fielding and Johnson
Anker Mill
March 16 /06
Dear Mr Fenn
Enclosed please find the testimonial you wrote for and both my father and myself wish you a very successful career and good luck with your new berth.
Yours truly
A. E. Baker

Fielding and Johnson
Anker Mills
March 16, 1906
We have great pleasure in giving this testimonial of the abilities of Mr Harold L. Fenn who has done electrical work for us on several occasions, which was always very satisfactory and thoroughly reliable and we alway found him very obliging during his stay here.
W. A. Baker
Hand written on two sheets, the second having an elaborate letterhead showing pictures of Fielding and Johnson's three (woollen) mills in Leicester and Nuneaton. Contained in an envelope, defaced by the removal of the stamp, but bearing on the back a postmark "Colchester 9:30 am MR17 06" and an embossed mark by Fielding and Johnson containing the image of a sheep. A short history of this company is to be found on the Internet -

Christy Brothers and Middleton
Electrical Engineers
April 2, 1906
Reference 21/L.F.C.

H. L. Fenn
Bishops Court
New Zealand
Dear Sir
We have pleasure in stating herewith that you have been in our employee for a period of about 31/2 years, during which time you have been engaged on all classes of electrical work, including some large power transmission installations, the carrying out of which you have had charge of, and also been for some considerable time in our drawing office designing machinery for electrical plants.
We have always found you take a great interest in your work, and been able to retain the knowledge gained therein.
We feel sure that you will be successful in any work of a similar nature that you may take elsewhere.
We remain
yours faithfully,
Christy Brothers and Middleton
Typed letter on company letterhead, from Leonard F. Christy identified from the letterhead. The letterhead also identifies the company as contractors to the War office, Home Office etc.

7. Harold the Farmer: 1910 1945. Harry the farmer and his farm Grange Hill

8. The Holme Station Fire: 21 Jun 1910.
C/o A S Elworthy
Holme Station
June 28th 1910
My dear Van
I think this past week is one I am not likely to forget for the rest of my life. Ella and the Boss left for Sydney on the 19th and I was to sleep in the house until they came back; as there was only the governess, the four children and half a dozen female servants. We all retired per usual Monday night; when about two o'clock I was woken up by the terrible cry of the "house is on fire" Tearing out a bed and down stairs to the back of the house I found the servants hall and wash house in flames; we fought against them for a short while but it was no good; and then I realised that the whole of the beautiful Homestead was doomed. The first thing was to see that everyone was safe and then summon help from the station (half a mile away) on their arrival we started to save everything that was movable downstairs; by the time we were driven out of the house by the flames we had saved practically everything in the front rooms downstairs. It was a very sad sight watching the destruction of the beautiful house; my eyes were suspiciously moist as I thought of the many happy days spent in it; alas all over now. The flames sweeping up from the back of the house burnt the stairs through so that the upstairs rooms were quickly cut off. The kids and the governess lost practically everything and I lost the few things I had up there including, worst luck, both my two pairs of eyeglasses. I sent in a claim for 8L but it was no good, as my policy only holds good as long as I am in this house. It was very sad for Ella and the Boss on stepping off their boat at Sydney to find this cable awaiting them. The kids were all so awfully good, owing to Miss Ford keeping so cool and quiet; it was a mercy she never lost her head. It was very merciful that the cook woke up then, and not a quarter of an hour later, for I am afraid there would have been lives lost. I am afraid it has shaken my nerves up considerably; the first two or three nights after, I sprang out of my bed two or three times dreaming the place was on fire; however that is over now. I am sending you a copy of a Timaru paper (not the leading one) The report is absurd and theatrical like in many ways, and I should think it is evident that the "Hero" was the man interviewed you might send it round to Charlie Cyril and Edgar. I am sending Aunt Ada and Mater one. Well, old chap, how are you getting on; about time you came out here I think. I expect you have had news of me from Aunt Ada before this. It was grand to have had her out here. Fare thee well, Van my boy
From your ever
affect brother
Harold L. Fenn
Written on four sides of a notepaper.

Evening Post, Volume LXXIX, Issue 144, 21 June 1910, Page 8
TIMARU, This Day.
The homestead at Holme station, Pareora, Mr. A. S. Elworthy's residence, was destroyed by fire about 2 o'clock this morning The house contained about 40 rooms, and very little furniture was saved. The fire originated in the kitchen, and is supposed to have been caused by a defective chimney. The flames had a strong hold when discovered, and spread so rapidly that the children had to bo taken out in their night clothes. The building was insured for L3700, and the contents for L2060 in the Alliance office.
Ref Papers Past

Timaru Post
Wednesday June 22 1910.
The Fire At Home Station
The Fight with the Flames
Unrehearsed Deeds of Daring
A Descriptive Account
" Never again!" these were the solemn words of an old servant, who stood beside the ruins of the magnificent structure known as the Holme Station homestead, that has been the home of Mr Arthur S. Elworthy for many years, and the home of his father before him. "Forty six years come next month" said the old servant reflectively, " and they'll never see it again".
The old fellow's conversation was so extremely melancholy that the "Post" representative hastened to change the topic to one of a more agreeable nature. It was only on Thursday last, it appears, that Mr and Mrs Arthur Elworthy took their departure for Australia, leaving behind them the fairly large retinue of domestic servants and farm assistants, and their four children Edward, aged eight years; Rachel, aged seven years; Bettie, aged five years, and Johnny, aged three years - in charge of the governess, Miss Ford. Mr P A Elworthy, of Gordon's Valley, returned last Saturday from a visit to Australia, while Mr Herbert Elworthy is at present touring the South Sea Islands. It was Mr and Mrs Arthur Elworthy's intention to have gone on an extensive motor car tour in Australia, but the fates were not kind to them, and immediately on Mr Elworthy stepping off the boat at Sydney he was handed the following startling communication: " Homestead totally destroyed by fire this morning".
The consternation of the recipient may be better imagined than described, and was intimated in a brief cable home "Returning by next boat"
Viewed yesterday, the huge mass of burning and smoking debris revealed merely the fact that a fire had taken place. There was little to indicate that a magnificent old building, teeming with historical associations for one of the oldest families in South Canterbury, and containing some L3000 worth of the finest furniture and curios to be found anywhere in the Dominion, was represented in those smouldering ashes. Yet such was the fact. The fine old home was estimated to be worth between L4000 and L5000 and was insured for L3700 while of the furniture was valued at something like L3000 and was insured for L2500. In a home of this description, however, as, in fact, in all homes more or less, there are articles of furniture whose commercial value for insurance purposes is but the merest trifle of the value that the owner places upon them. But curios, collected from all parts of the globe are infinite trouble and no little expense, were valued because of the associations that surrounded them, and the story of travel and adventure that each little article recall; their commercial value was not a consideration, in as much as the owner was not prepared to sell them.

Features of the House
The house which was built of fine old seasoned timber, and plastered throughout, contained 26 rooms, in addition to a liberal provision of larders, cupboards, etc. The rear portion of the dwelling was erected by the late Mr Edward Elworthy in the year 1864, but it has had several additions made to it from time to time. The latest addition was the northern wing, containing a handsomely furnished billiard room. Among the 26 rooms were, of course numerous bedrooms; also two nurseries (one downstairs and the other upstairs), a school room, a sewing room, a morning room, a drawing room, dining room, dressing rooms, etc. Every apartment was furnished in a thoroughly complete and up-to-date manner, and contained every convenience that a modern gentleman could desire. The whole dwelling was lit by electricity, supplied from a special powerhouse situated about 30 yards to the west of the dwelling. In the rear portion of the structure were situated the kitchen, the scullery, the servants sitting room, and to the south of these rooms divided by a passage, were the cellar and the dairy. It was somewhere in this portion of the building, probably in the servants sitting room, that the fire originated. Credence is lent to this deduction by the fact that the fire was first noticed in this quarter, and it was certainly the most thoroughly burnt out section of the whole dwelling. The servants declare that they left a low burning fire in a perfectly safe condition, but it is a well-known fact that it is in these low burning, apparently safe fires that little coal gas explosions sometimes take place, with the result that burning cinders are thrown into the room, and disaster follows. There would seem to be still plenty of reason, in this modern era, for the use of the old-fashioned safetyguard, that was supposed to perform the double duty of barring the outward progress of exploded cinders, and of swelling the dividends of the insurance companies.
The Holme Station, it should be mentioned, is a magnificent estate of about 5000 acres of first class land. The homestead faced to the east, and from the front one could obtain an un-interrupted view of the beautiful country that stretches in one great plain as far as the eye can reach. To the northwest, towers Mount Horrible; to the west the chain of hills, some distance behind which lies at the Timaru Borough's Pareora water dam. The homestead is well protected by tall plantations, while in the immediate vicinity of the destroyed dwelling are beautifully laid out grounds, containing flower beds, rose avenues, and beautiful English and colonial trees. To the west and with its branches resting over the roof of the dwelling was an aged walnut tree which, to the homestead hands at least, has now a melancholy historical interest. Its huge blackened stem and charred branches speak eloquently of the part it played in the sorry conflagration.
At 11 o'clock on Monday evening the maids and the governess retired to bed; the children had long since been wrapped in the arms of slumber. The homestead male hands, with the curious propensity of the sex, have not yet acquired the habit of early retirement. At 1:00 o'clock a.m. one of these hands sauntered across the yard for a final breath of fresh air before retiring. The night was an extremely beautiful one. Though moon shone with unwonted brilliance, and the gentleman in question confesses to the belief that the old homestead never looked half so charming as it did that morning. At the hour mentioned he is quite satisfied that there was not a suggestion of the coming fate of the old home. Everything looked perfectly peaceful, and the servant's sitting room, shaded as it was by the dairy, was quite dark, and there was not the faintest illumination of any description that could serve to arouse his suspicions. In short, he is quite positive that at 1:10 a.m. the house had not caught fire, and at that hour he retired to bed perfectly easy in mind.

The Outbreak
There is something unusually tragic about a country fire. There is no fire alarm to give, no fire brigade to call, and, as a rule, no fire appliances with which to quell the outbreak. A country fire is almost invariably a devastation, which the owner and friends are compelled to watch in exasperating impotence. The hand of the clock had just past the hour of two o'clock when Mrs Popham, who occupies the position of cook at the Homestead, was awakened by a slight crackling noise. Womanlike, she did not wait to argue as to whether she was dreaming, but was alert on the instant. One moment of complete wakefulness was sufficient to satisfy her that the house was on fire, and she immediately sounded the alarm. Rushing to the maids and governess's quarters she called to them to get out of the house, and after awakening Mr Fenn (the cadet), she rushed to the men's quarters. With an alacrity born of the moment, Mr Pearce (the under gardener), Mr Jones (the dairy man), and Mr Philip (the chauffeur, and son of the manager), leapt from their respective bunks and rushed to the scene of the outbreak. It was immediately apparent, however, that any attempt to save the Homestead was hopeless. Huge flames and clouds of smoke were curling up from the servant's sitting room and the scullery, and already the flames were eating their way to the northern wing and the centre of the house. A call on the telephone showed it to be out of working order, and, without waiting to debate the point, the chauffeur made haste to the station where the farmhands reside, in search of assistance. The dairy man, and Mr Fenn set to work on the only possible hope before them, that of saving some of the more valuable furniture. The six maids, the governess, and the four children, clothed only in the night robes, had by this time found their way on to the lawn, and there, barefooted, and exposed to the bitter frost and the bedewed ground, they stood shivering and debating the best course to pursue. After a short consultation, as the front of the house was free from flames and smoke, it was decided to place the children in one of the rooms there out of the cold. Not a whimper was heard from the little mites, and during their progress out of the smoking rooms, on the lawn, and into the front of the house, and out again to safety, they behaved like true little New Zealanders. The under gardener here revealed a commendable spirit of chivalry and courage. The appearance of the shivering maids on the lawn on was too much for him, and, although the rooms were ablaze, he determined to enter the servant's bedrooms and secure some of the missing garments. Decision and action were the work of a moment, and the pulses of the bystanders were quickened by the sight of Mr Pearce disappearing head first through the window. A couple of minutes later he emerged blackened but triumphant the proud possessor of a huge bundle of feminine garments. The maid's thanks were brief and their robing operations under the shade of the fir trees of almost as brief duration. To the front of the house Mr Fenn, the dairy man and the under gardener then directed their attention, and were in the midst of a hurried salvage operations, with the assistance of the electric light which had been turned on, when the station hands arrived in breathless haste. Then the salvage work, nobly assisted by the women, began in earnest. The handsome grand piano of inconvenient bulk, was dragged through the broad windows and safely deposited on the law. Then followed several valuable pictures, and other miscellaneous articles off value. In the midst of the operations the electric light gave out, the wire having been burned through, and the salvagers were left in semidarkness. Still salvage work went on, and valuable crockery ware, ornaments, and further pictures were removed from the front rooms. In his hurry the under gardener had the misfortune to put his head through one of the pictures, and was much relieved yesterday afternoon on receiving the assurance that the picture had not greatly depreciated in value. His comrades aver that his appearance through the window, with the tangled framework about his shoulders and a handsome painted face surrounding his own smoke begrimed, though not by any means unhandsome countenance, was most interesting. Almost the last article to be saved was the famed picture table the property of Mr Bond, whose wife had charge of the homestead at the time of the fire. This unique piece of work, made of innumerable small panels of wood, and picked out in the resemblance of the Saviour, is valued at 500 guineas, and the under gardener was also the hero of its salvation. Hearing that it was missing, he entered the burning building, and after considerable suffocating rummaging among upturned furniture, he triumphantly brought out the valuable article uninjured. At this stage Mr P A Elworthy, of Gordon's Valley Station some 3 miles distant, arrived with the force of men, and they, along with the Holme Station hands, rendered invaluable assistance. Shortly after 3 o'clock however, the tremendous heat thrown out by the burning building, compelled the discontinuing of the salvaging operations, and all hands stood by to watch the final stages of the destruction of the magnificent old home. And, overlooking the destruction involved, it was a truly superb spectacle. The night was one of perfect calm, and to this fact is due the entire lack of injury to the powerhouse and other scattered buildings. The flames shot straight upwards, and, curiously enough, the greater volume of direct flame came through the several tall chimneys. At about four o'clock of the upper storey gave way and fell with a loud crash onto the foundations. With the illumination afforded by the moon and flames, the surrounding half mile of country was lit up almost as bright as by daylight, and it would have been possible to have picked up a pin anywhere within 200 yards of the homestead. The number of watchers greatly increased as the morning advanced, traps, loaded with would-be helpers, arriving from all directions. Some excitement was created by the rapid explosion of cartridges within the house, and finally by a loud explosion in the cellar. Not before seven o'clock did the flames abate much in fury, by which time the old house was a mere mass of burning debris. The manager of the station (Mr Philip) was promptly on the scene, but, like the other watchers, was unable to do anything to check the disaster.

The Ruins
A number of visitors from Timaru and surrounding districts motored or drove out and inspected the ruins yesterday afternoon. The debris continued to smoulder throughout the entire day, and today (Wednesday) was still smoking. The salvaged effects were all removed to places of safety yesterday. It is almost impossible to distinguish any article of furniture in the ruins. The destruction has been most complete. Five tall chimneys are the sole standing relics of the homestead. A pot of lard on the kitchen range, the misshapen framework of one of the maids bicycles, a broken bath, and old "luck" horseshoe nailed in a prominent position on one of the chimney stacks, and innumerable scarred the books are the sole distinguishable remnants.
The servant maids lost practically all their effects. Two of them lost bicycles, and one L7 in cash, while all lost more than they could afford. The shrunken shrubs about the house bear silent testimony to the heat of the flames.
Yesterday afternoon a curious relic was unearthed amongst the embers by a visitor in the form of a pretty Dolton Ware cup, quite uninjured.
Ref: Hocken Library Dunedin 2008

9. Harry at Craigmore Sth Canterbury: 1920's. Harry at the Elworthy farm Craigmore & with some of his Elworthy cousins at Grange Hill.

10. Harry's "Home" Trips: "Home" always meant England to Harry.
Emigrating to NZ
MR H L FENN, Age 29, Birth year 1877, Marital status S, Occupation ENGINEER, Departure year 1906, Departure day 22, Departure month 3, Departure port LONDON, Destination portWELLINGTON, Ship name TONGARIRO, Ship master's A SUTCLIFFE, Shipping line THE NEW ZEALAND SHIPPING COMPANY LIMITED
Mr H L Fenn: Male Age: 29 Birth Date: abt 1877 Departure Date: 22 Mar 1906 Port of Departure: London, England Destination Port: Wellington, New Zealand Ship Name: Tongariro Master: J A Sutcliffe

Visiting his dying brother Cyril in England
Mr H L Fenn Birth Date: abt 1877 Age: 44 Port of Departure: Brisbane, Australia Arrival Date: 4 Jun 1921 Port of Arrival: London, England Ports of Voyage: Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Colombo, Suez, Plymouth. Ship Name: Orvieto Shipping line: Orient Steam Navigation Company Ltd Official Number: 129628

Mr H L Fenn passenger on the NZSCoy SS Rimutaka departed Southampton 2 Dec 1921 to Wellington and Lyttleton NZ via Panama. Capt F.A. Hemming.

11. Harry's 1938 Trip "Home": To Visit His Family, He met his wife.
Harold Fenn Birth Date: abt 1877 Age: 61 Port of Departure: Wellington, New Zealand Arrival Date: 14 May 1938 Port of Arrival: Southampton, England Ship Name: Tainui Search Ship Database: Shipping line: Shaw, Savill and Albion Company Ltd Official Number: 124507

Name: Mr H Fenn: Male Age: 61 Birth Date: abt 1877 Departure Date: 30 Sep 1938 Port of Departure: Southampton, England Destination Port: Wellington, New Zealand Ship Name: Arawa, Shipping line: Shaw Savill and Albion Company Limited Official Number: 140148 Master: T V Roberts

The four living Fenn brothers in 1938 - Edgar, Charlie, Harry & Van.

12. Harry's Diary 1938: Covering his trip to England Part 1, 5 Apr 1938 to 13 Oct 1938. Diary of Harold L Fenn 1938
Transcribed by his son Edward in 2014.
Note this diary has been transcribed using error ridden voice recognition technology.

On board R M S Tainui
Tuesday, April 5, 1938
Left Wellington at 8:30 am on my long trip to England, but very slow for first three hours, some of the fireman too drunk to do their job bit of a swell all afternoon which upset some of them as we crossed the 180 degree latitude last night.
Another Tuesday 5
I won the first sweepstake of the voyage on the days run. Rain squalls on and off all day, but sea very calm, but a good many passengers feeling queer all the same.
Wednesday 6
Won the sweep on the boats run yesterday. Beautiful day but windy in afternoon usual daily routine plenty of albatrosses following us to day.
Thursday 7
Another nice day till clouds came up after lunch. Shifting all the coal from the foredeck, consequently dust flying everywhere. Bridge in evening
Friday 8
Miserable wet weather canvases up round the ship nothing much doing of interest, ship pitching a bit this afternoon
Sunday 9
Had service in the aft dining saloon in the morning, a song service at 8:30 in evening when the Padre exceeded the time limit badly.
Monday 10 to Wednesday 12
We had the usual, on board ship, Eat Slept played the usual deck games, and bridge most evenings, weather has been calm all the time, expect to reach Pitcairn early tomorrow. Quite good partners on Tuesday evening.
Thursday 13
Up at 5:45, when the boat's whistle roused us, as we approached the island. Bit of a swell running and we kept a fair way out. Three big boats loaded with Islanders came aboard, and after trading a few odds and ends, we left after a stay of two hours.
Good Friday 14
Passed a big tropical island yesterday apparently uninhabited except for thousands of birds that nest there in the season. Service at 10:30 and sung service at 8:30. Spent all morning looking for reading glasses, and eventually found out my cabin mate (Chambers) had put them in his pocket thinking they were his.
Saturday 15
The games competitions started today, I got beaten in both I played today, the deck quoits singles and doubles. The deck was very slippery and a big swell, made accurate throwing as far as I was concerned out of the question. Concert dancing, in evening but I played bridge.
No days shown.
Nothing much doing each day until we arrived at Balboa. We had arranged to have a car waiting for us to make the round trip our party consisted of Miss Wade, Paterson, Warren,?, Tur & bub (sic) and myself. Didn't think much of Panama went out to the golf club and had tea then on to the old ruins, stopping at a miserable collection of animals on the way, back by the sea to the old Cathedral with the gold altar all very tawdry, and then Mrs Livingston wanted to go back to the boat to change, so we hung about the streets till she returned. Then we went to the Balboa Tier Gardens and spent the rest of the evening and back to the boat.
Left at 5:30 for the canal beautiful day, and the canal very interesting we went through without a halt in about five & half hours and then set off for Jamaica, which we reached in a day and a half
Had the day of my life here in this beautiful island. Leaving the boat about twelve we went into Kingston and had a feed, and then we hired a car to take us up in the mountains to Newcastle, a wonderful drive. When we got to Newcastle we decided to do the round trip down the other side and round back to Kingston. It was a drive I shall never forget, the tropical scenery was wonderful, and got back to Kingston about 7:30 where we had a feed, we then saw a bit of the evening life and back to the launch which left at 10:00 for Port Royal where the boat had gone to coal. Bed was out of the question, so Doreen and I sat together until 4:30am when we retired, as they had started the donkey engine near us. It was a great day with two nice sorts Margo and Doreen myself and Joe and old Chalmers, who was a good sport. We left at 8:30 for our run across the Atlantic, and nothing much happened on the way. Pictures, dances, race meetings passed the time in the crossing with Bridge etc we eventually got in sight of the lighthouse of the Scilly Isles at 9:00 on Friday night, the Bishop (Rock) lighthouse, an hour later we saw the light of the Lands End and then to bunk at 12:00 after a hilarious evening.
Saturday 14 May 1938
Nasty drizzling morning next day, a great pity as we could hardly see the coast as we steamed up the Channel. Arrived off the Needles about 1 o'clock and eventually reached Southampton about 4 where a letter from Charlie and a welcome telegram from Dolly awaited me: I was glad to hear Charlie had not left Sheen although he had sold the house. Tender farewells to everyone and then on to the boat train
Pages missing.
aged a lot, but still full of fun, and really wonderful for her age although she says her old brain is one which she can't remember things, but I couldn't see anything wrong and we had a good talk. Back to Sheen for a feed at 7:45
I went up to the city and did my business, booking a berth on the Arawa for September 30th I had lunch at an ABC and then had a look around St Pauls, incidentally breaking Charlie's walking stick, a great pity, and then back to Sheen Played billiards in the evening.
Great reunion lunch party today, Adria, Van, Edgar, Charlie and I met together for the first time since we had grown up, after lunch we decided to go to Hampton Court, but the car jibbed and we just went round the park, backed by Kew, where we shoved Adria onto the evening train! and then back, changed and Charlie, Nancy and I went over to Hampstead to have dinner with Mrs Shuttleworth, back about midnight
Called on Mrs Nell Rhodes in morning, and then in afternoon Nancy and two very pretty girl friends of hers Charlie and I took our tea and spent a very pleasant afternoon in Kew Gardens in the evening, a Mr and Mrs Wilson came in and we had some Bridge, and I had the pleasure of collecting the money.
Left about 10:30 for Golders Green went into the City first and then got the tube at the Bank arriving at the house at 10 to 1 Mrs Fisher's sister was a very different person to my nice Miss F, but she was very charming and hospitable and gave me a very warm welcome. We had a sumptuous lunch washed down with sparkling Burgundy and then I left for Richmond to call at the Todd's. Got there at four and found they had just started tea Grace and Adria had altered a lot but not Mabel, with the exception of being a good bit shorter. Stayed there for an hour and a quarter, and then spent an hour and a half with the old Aunt, and thoroughly enjoyed my chat.
Left about 12:00 for a day in town, had lunch in Hammersmith Broadway and then passed to Mme Tussauds where we (Nancy Fenn) spent the afternoon had some tea there and then faced the Chamber of Horrors and then had a great feed at the Corner House Oxford Street. Took the bus then to the Sadler's Wells Theatre, where we saw the Magic Flute by Mozart, his last piece he wrote before his death. The music was beautiful and the staging and lighting a revelation to me and arrived home about 12:00. I bought Nancy a nice wristlet watch for her birthday.
Had lunch in town and then Nancy and I went to the Royal Tournament at Olympia. Enjoyed every moment of it. Charlie gave a dinner party that night. The Vicar and his charming bride of three months, Lottie Alston and Mrs ? her friend and us three. Played billiards afterwards.
Charlie and I set sail about 10:45 for Nayland. Had a blowout at Finchley and got a new inner tube, and fixed nuts on the post wheel which was only holding by three out of the six bolts and then on to Great Bentley to the new house which I wasn't much enamored with, and that he wants to change to it from his nice comfortable home at Sheen beats me, but they tell me it is the ladies who run the show.
Left for Nayland, and got here about 5:30. I was prepared for a shock on seeing Mater, but she was even worse than I expected, being practically helpless and can hardly talk I can't understand a word she says, poor dear, it is very sad to see her in this state, as she was such a wonderfully active woman when I last saw her.
A nice day, but very cold for the time of year. Marked out the tennis court today and had a game in the evening, with two gardeners I had brought my old racket home, as nothing here are any good Charlie left at 10:30
Went for a row yesterday in the boat, pity there isn't more water as it is a nice boat. Went to Colchester after dinner and renewed acquaintance with the old place, very little altered. A fire broke out in the Midland bank premises, but bar a bit of smoke and plenty of water nothing to see. Called on the Howards saw the two sons, and had a yarn with Mrs Jacklin, and am going to call on her next week. Bought some netting for the court and so home. Chess with Adria in evening.
Working on tennis court most of day putting in posts etc.
Putting up netting etc and making gate
Went to Colchester and went to the pictures (4 Fathers) Joan and Diana Cliff and Brenda Russall (sic) came in and spent the evening charming girls.
Went to London and then on out to Sam at Denham (Airbase) . Had a great afternoon at the Air Pagent and luckily the weather cleared and it was a grand afternoon till about 5:30 when it started to rain again, got back to London at 11:00
Margot and Doreen and Uncle Bill and myself left for Epping Forest by bus had a great lunch and then wandered through the forest for a time and back eventually to the city and supper at the Corner House and back to Bayswater, where we spent a glorious evening till 11:45!
Met the girls had lunch in the city then we went to Mme Tussauds had an excellent dinner there and back home
Weather cold and showery so we decided to go to the Museum of Science and Inventions after going to the Scala for a mat(inee) which was full, so we booked seats for the evening and went on to the Museum where the girls left us later on and went back to dress and Bill and I went back to his digs for a wash and brush up and then had a feed in town and then out to the theatre where the girls met us. The play Mikado was good in the dressing line, but badly staged on a small stage. Saw the girls home and then on home ourselves.
1 June 1938
Looked up Uncle B who I found in bed with a rotten cold; took him some aspirins, and then to Kensington had morning tea with Dr M and Mrs M and I left for Windsor Castle went out by Blue Bus and spent a glorious day together, sat by the river for a bit, and then walked to Staines where we picked up a bus to the city. Had dinner at the Oxford Corner house, and so on reluctantly home after a wonderful day with M (argot)
Found Uncle B much better went into city had a feed after leaving my bag at L Street then and put in time went to the Tower missed my little pal badly caught 4:57 for Colchester and arrived at home. Wrote to M.
Wrote to Van, Ella, Dolly, and Aunt Ada in answer to their letters had a brisk walk to Wiston to see ? Went poodle faking to Col Sykes next door not much in my line. Chess with Adria after reading to Mater in the evening.
Went into the church and gave helpful? advice to Diane and Joan Cliff while they decorated the pulpit, did some archery in the afternoon.
Went to church in morning and before I went up into the Belfry and watched them ringing the bells. Adria and I went up to the cemetery in evening and then strolled back through the crooked lanes. My thought as we sat on the style in a beautiful evening naturally drifted back to last Sunday, a very happy day.
Nothing special this morning had a run up the river in late afternoon, after visiting the Nayland sports in the afternoon and trying my hand at the sideshows.
Barbara Goodwin picked Adria and I up at 10:30, and we went for a grand run with the Countryman? Society to various beautiful churches a Mr Munro Cautley a great authority on these churches, talked to us about them, and very interesting it was too. Wrote to Mr J Fisher. The new nurse arrived today hope she will be good.
Went up to the vicarage in afternoon and played tennis the Cliff girls very good indeed, and few others there are also very good, but I enjoyed myself.
Edgar arrived last night, nothing much today. Went to see C ?
Went into Colchester by 1:30 bus to see tailors and met Charlie and Ella and Nancy and we all went to the pictures, a splendid programme. Life of Emile Zola and supporting film was excellent Charlie drove us back to Nayland, where we found Dolly and Q awaiting us.
Went to early church and loafed about in morning played croquet etc in afternoon wrote to Margot Church in evening.
A and I went to Colchester after lunch, saw Queen Mary arriving, came out for dinner played bridge in evening beautiful day.
Had another trip round the country in afternoon including Flatford, Dedham etc, very interesting as a perfect day Bridge in evening.
Went up to vicarage and played tennis in afternoon.
Colchester all afternoon went to cinema and I saw excellent film life of Emile Zola wrote to Boss played bridge at Foggart's in evening.
Saturday 18 June.
Went up to London and got to Blackheath in evening. Found a man who put me on to a good private hotel. At 7:30 I went up to Stonefield and there I met Margo we took the tram up to the top of the Heath and sat and yarned.
Tuesday 19.
Sat about in the morning and did nothing, talking with my fellow lodgers After dinner bus down to Richmond and saw the Todd's and told them I would not come to lunch the next day, had tea with them and left for B about 6:00 was late getting there and Margot and I just took a stroll and sat and talked.
Monday 20.
A wonderful day Margot and I left about 11:00 with the idea of going to B Beeches, but got into the wrong bus, and we got out at Hammersmith, and then decided to go to Virginia Water instead perfect day and we had lunch at the Wheat Sheaf and then spent a glorious afternoon till 4:30 when we returned to London supposed to meet Doreen and Bill at a place for supper, but they did not turn up, thank goodness, so just walked slowly through the city to Charing Cross and so home, a red letter day.
June 21 1938
Left at 11:00 for London, went round and saw D and told her I would pick her up at 1:00 and we would go out to Wimbledon, had a good afternoon very hot it was, but we had splendid seats in the Centre Court and saw some great tennis. Had to leave in the middle of a doubles match, as I was meeting Margot at 8:30 was late as usual about 10 to 9 when I got them, so did not lose much time together.
Did some shopping in London and in evening Margot and I went in to Greenwich Park, very pretty it was, and then walked miles back (sic) but we took a bus back.
Left for Rottingdean via Brighton, got a bit muddled about the station first I went to Cannon Street and then I had to go back to London Bridge and got to Brighton about 2:00 where Charlie and Nancy were there to meet me we drove back to Rottingdean about 5 miles and a very charming little bungalow.
Friday 24.
Nancy and I went down to the Lido where Nancy had a swim, too cold for me to venture, so read the paper till 1:00 when we returned to "Tantos".
Saturday 25.
Went into Brighton and went to a splendid revue on the ice called "Ice Time", the skating was thrilling and marvellous had tea in town and so on home.
Sunday 26.
Blowing hard today and; very late breakfasting nearly 10 before we sat down, after dinner, we took some afternoon tea with us and went up the road towards Peacehaven then turned of on to the moors and camped had some tea, left the car, and walked on to Earlscombe (Telscombe ) a tiny old world village off the beaten track. Gracie Fields has a nice house there but the church in the old Norman kind organ was fearfully out of tune and then walked back to the car and so on home.
Wind still blowing strong and too cold for any Lido work. Had lunch in town and then on to the West Pier where there was a splendid band all girls; but they could play had some tea and then walked along the promenade to Rottingdean.
Tuesday 28.
Wind stronger than ever Charlie & I set sail for Lewes where we met Joan?, who was staying at St Leonard's. How strong? the wind was terrific at times upon the doors In afternoon we all went into Brighton, and listened to the ladies band again, and thoroughly enjoyed it, back for tea and then C, J and G left for Lewes again
Wednesday 29.
Left about 12:00 for Brighton, a great sea running, the waves breaking right over the promenade. Went to the pictures in afternoon, Lonie Henry in a skating thing not much good and the other was a thriller by Edgar Wallace and was pretty good Supper at Lyons and then on home.
Thursday 30.
Charlie and I left in the yellow peril at 11:45 for London, it stuck us up in the busiest spot in Brighton, opposite the East Pier, we pushed with help into a neighboring garage and eventually started again. All was well until we got to? about 20 miles from London when she played up again, this time we had to push her (luckily it was mostly downhill) to a nearby petrol station. When we eventually got going again, reaching London about 4:00. Charlie got his new car, and was all at sea with the gears and accelerator at first, but I left him at a bowser near Thackers?, and came on down to the station, and so on to the W H hotel, where dear old Margot and D were there.
Friday 1.
July 1938
Making arrangements for our trip tomorrow, getting tickets etc etc and so to bed
Saturday 2 July
Left at 7:30 for Victoria and got our seats in the boat train everything splendidly arranged for us, no bother no fuss; had a very calm crossing, and took our reserved seats in the Paris boat train. Arrived at Paris about 4:00. Special bus to meet us to take us to our hotel, had a rest; then after dinner, we had a round of the night clubs of Paris as put on for tourists; first time I had ever seen stark naked girls on the stage, and wasn't very edified by the spectacle. Home to the hotel about 2:45 and so to bed (Harold was with Margot Barker)
Left at 11:00 for Versailles we went to Mal Maison first the home of the Napoleons, most interesting and then on a sumptuous lunch at Versailles, and afterwards through the wonderful palace and gardens, we were lucky to see the fountains playing before we left; and so home after a good day.
Monday 4.
Went to various places on a morning tour round the city, unfortunately it was pouring with rain, so we could not get out and look at things much; but we had a good guide who showed us everything as we pulled up at various places, luckily the afternoon was fine, and we took a second tour around Paris seeing the Pantheon, Notre Dame and other places of interest had a stroll before dinner and early to bed.
Tuesday 5.
Took taxi to Eiffel Tower and went to the top of it, pretty cold up on top, back to the hotel for lunch, and then we walked to the Louvre, where a charming French lassie acted as our guide for two hours, when we had to leave for the hotel and the station. A bit rough coming over but too short a passage to worry anyone very much, although quite a few were ill. Arrived in London on the tick of 11:00 and back to our pub.
Wednesday 6.
Didn't do much today except loaf around in the city by myself, in the afternoon lunch with the girls. Girls bought a car on moving.
Thursday 7.
Went to Richmond and had lunch with dear old aunt and stayed there til (sic) quarter to four and then on to tea with the Bateman's only Jesse and Ida there and then back to London. Putrid evening
Saw the girls off for their motor tour, and sore of heart I left them, or rather her. Caught the 12:15 from Marylebone for Helmdon via Brackley, and dear old Van was there to meet me with a car, and so I have arrived at Lois Weedon at last, had a yarn with the locals on the village green in evening and then to bed.
Went to Northampton today to the pictures in the afternoon and then on home.
Church in morning, very few there, nasty cold drizzly day awful weather I call it for English summer. In the afternoon after tea we strolled across the fields as the weather had taken up to his little church at Plumpton, quaint affair with high pews and no pulpit quite a good congregation.
Rode a bike for the first time for over thirty years to see a local vicar had tea with them and then on home, heavy rain shower came on, and we had to take shelter in a friendly barn. Quite stiff and bit achy after, evidently no good for arthritis hips.
Left about 10:15 and walked to where we caught the train for Northampton changing at Blisworth. Went to lunch at the Rands, and very pleasant they were, three other females in the place I was introduced to. Had some tea in Northampton did some shopping and back home again.
Wednesday 13.
Went over the Mayor Doynes place in morning and looked at his pedigree cattle had lunch, and Van went to a Ruridecanal Conference and went on to Northhampton where I spent the afternoon with Edgar, went to the pictures and saw E off, and then on home. Wrote to Jack F (Ford)
Wrote to Ethel Cargill today Cayuer (Cayer?) picked us up at two and we went to Stratford-upon-Avon via Banbury wasn't very thrilled at the place; we then went on through Warwick, on to Kimbolton where I enjoyed exploring the old Castle; then on to Leamington where we had tea, raining as usual, and then on back to Lois Weedon Cayuer drives his little car too fast for my liking when only out sightseeing the country.
Whether as usual cold and showery doesn't promise to well for the Sunday School Treat, however they all turned up at 4:00 and as the weather was unsettled all had a feed indoors and then they played games on the lawn until the rain started again and drove them all home.
Nothing special today except the feeling a bit down in the dumps.

13. Harry's Diary 1938: Covering his trip to England Part 2, 5 Apr 1938 to 13 Oct 1938. Sunday.
Usual sort of day at a vicarage. Nice evening so we walked across the fields to Plumpton where Van was holding service, quite a good congregation, quaint little church with high pews all through it, first I had seen.
Left by car to catch train at ? changed at Blisworth and caught train for Castlethorpe where old Edgar was awaiting me. Went to his digs, then we went on to my digs at Mrs Cook's, Mrs C charming young thing, and things looked very comfortable except the sanitary arrangements.
Called on the Whiteny's were asked for tea and stayed till 6:30, I liked him she was a bit of a snob although a nobody.
Left for Northampton where we met Van, and then on to the cricket ground to see Northants versus Sussex the former knocked up 350 runs on an easy wicket took our lunch with us and got some tea on the grounds and stayed till 6 PM, bit achy about the bottom from the hard seats before long.
"Thursday Mr Cayer, Edgar and Van left in his car for Stratford etc wasn't very thrilled with Stratford but loved Kimbolton Castle, but on to Leamington where we had tea needless to say it started to rain while there and then on home to".
This entry struck out as it related to the previous Thursday.
Went round with Whiteny and saw them busy haymaking etc, weather quite hot, and in afternoon we went to Mr Geary he wanted to walk my legs off round his place I went a good way and looked at his sheep etc and then bucked when he wanted to take me away up a hill to look at his corn, back to the house for afternoon tea and then on to the vicarage for evening meal. Had a pleasant musical evening the vicar's wife played beautifully and he sang well for his age, also his nephew who had a good tenor voice, Edgar did his share, and I was the only dud. Mrs ? Ran us back to Castlethorpe.
The post man took us part of the way in his car and then we walked on to Hanslope Park to have tea with the squire; didn't enjoy it much as he was very reserved and hard to get on with, listened to the test cricket; and then the chauffuer ran us home.
Left after lunch for Hanslope where the annual Hospital Fete was being held, usual sort of thing, comic cricket match, sideshows etc back in the bus at 5:45.
Sunday went to church and Holy Communion at Castlethorpe, very few there, read the lessons and again in the evening when the attendance was better although Edgar said it was the poorest they had had for some time, after supper Edgar and I went for a walk and sat down in the fields near the railway and yarned.
Went for a walk on my own to the water softening works down the line (Picture: and sat down for an hour and watched the express taking up the water etc, beautiful day. Had tea with the Cook's and then went in to the Whiteney's to bid them farewell, sat and watched some quite good tennis for some time and then on in the evening I went up with Clark into the signal box and watched the process of railway control, most interesting about ninety-eight trains go through during the night till 6 AM.
Met Van in Northampton at 10:30 did some shopping and had lunch and then to the pictures, a most excellent programme, and got home about 6:30, quiet evening.
Left by the 8:40 for Wolverton where E had come with me and then I caught the express for Euston took my bags to ? and went into the city for a short time had lunch and caught the 1:00 express for Okehampton, arriving in pouring rain were Margaret and Janet (Bendyshe) were there to meet me, and then on up here the rain clearing off pretty soon. After dinner Margaret and I went into Okehampton (5 miles) to the pictures and met the other girls; rotten picture if ever there was one.
Fine and very close and hot picked sweet peas and larph? in the morning and had a walk through the woods and Margaret and I took a run round the district in afternoon. Glorious country this, and a beautiful view from the house looking out over the valley with Exbourne and Okehampton lying before us and out to the heights of Dartmoor 25 miles away, Yes Tor 2100 feet, the highest point being very notable. Bendysh gave us a private movy (sic) show in the evening.
Quiet morning and went over to General ? for tennis in afternoon, quite a good set or two and then on home.
Went over to Woods in Okehampton ? a beautiful house; widow and two daughters, very close and hot
Sunday 31 July
Nothing much doing today went over to some place or other and watched the young fry playing tennis, met some interesting people.
Were leaving after lunch for fete, but bad thunderstorm and heavy rain started so couldn't go. J.B. (John Bendyshe) took me over after tea to the Lays, rather alarming the prospect of staying here till Wednesday.
Jogged round with Mr Lay in the pony cart, and enjoyed the trip through the lovely lanes. Took a car in afternoon and went to Bilston and then on up over the moors to B (Black) Tor and back to the car, very hot at times.
Left by 9:25 for London Mr L driving me down to the station; a grand run up, but the heat in London was very trying 82 degrees and very moist at that caught the 4:57 for Colchester and arrived here for dinner. Found a letter from Margo awaiting me, she seems to be having a grand time.
Went to Colchester in morning and tried to hire a car for a fortnight but no luck as everything gone; bit of a nuisance, as depending on buses is a nuisance. Marked out tennis court in evening very hot and sultry.
Charlie came over here Adria and I went to Colchester and met Nancy in High Street and I came back at once and caught Charlie before I left for GB (Great Bentley) here I can get a car.
Went into Colchester and arranged about getting car on Monday went to fete in afternoon but heavy thunderstorm and rain spoilt the whole show.
Rained on and off all day.
Went into Colchester and picked up the car and went out gingerly to G Bentley had a snack with Charlie and then back to Colchester to meet Van who arrived about 4:30. Drove him back to Nayland in time for tea. Grand little car.
Tuesday left at 11:45 and took our lunch and had a picnic lunch on G Bentley common lovely hot day, went on to Clacton and sat on the pier for an hour and then went to hear my favourites the Pitrolarys? Ladies band good show. After tea set sail for home, quite at home with the little bus now.
Left at 11:30 with lunch and took a tour of Suffolk had a good look round Bury St Edmunds, and then on to a wood where we had lunch; took to the road again journeyed on through heavy rain at times to Ipswich went over the Christchurch Museum had tea and home via Dedham Flatford etc very jolly day.
Set sail for Friston and much admired it, so clean and nice and beautiful bathing, went on to Walton what a contrast, shoddily shabby the place and everything connected with it. Back home to G Bentley for tea and supper met the vicar of Bentley who stayed solidly for 3 hours home about 9.
Rained pretty hard all morning and on and off in the afternoon too cold to use the car, Charlie arrived in time for tea but of course tennis was out of the question.
Last day with the car so decided on another day at Clacton to hear the famous band. Adria stayed at home with Mater and Van and I and nurse set sail for Clacton, had lunch on the way side in rustic surroundings and then spent a pleasant few hours at Clacton and then on home to give up the bus at 6:00 a great little car and so economical on petrol cost.
Early service and went for a walk with nurse and Van to Stoke in afternoon Nayland church in evening.
Quite missed the car today Van and I and Adria went into Colchester and saw a film. Went round to Froggatt's in evening and had some good bridge with Crane? and Mr and Mrs Froggatt.
Charlie Ella and Nancy arrived after dinner and we played tennis all the afternoon pretty hot made arrangements for our trip abroad.
Nothing much happened today went into Colchester in the morning re-clothes etc.
Van and I went up to London he got rooms in his hotel and I after doing some business in the city went down to Bayswater and got a room in the hotel almost opposite the White Hill? then I met Van at Victoria and we had lunch and then went to the zoo very hot the day, we then came up to town had a feed and went
Bottom of the page ripped off.
Saturday ?
Left by train for Carisbrook Castle (Isle of Wight) took our lunch with us and as the day was gloriously fine, we had a very jolly day. After exploring the Castle and the old Norman church we lay in some hay in the moat and snoozed till time to leave wonderful day.
Decided to go to Alum Bay so took train to Freshwater changing Sandown and walking down to the seafront before our train left unfortunately weather changed and spoilt the afternoon, so back to our pub.
Left for London arriving next day, had feed at Corner House, and then spent an hour or two in St James Park, looked in at St Margaret's Westminster and then had a devil of a rush to catch my train had to take a taxi from Charing Cross and only just got it.
Tuesday. 23 Aug
Missed my Margo something awful; left for Colchester and met Charlie and Ella and Nancy and we had lunch together and caught a blue bus for London at 3:15 got to King's Cross at 6:15 and there by taxi to Cannon Street, where we booked our luggage through to Interlaken and started on our trip to Switzerland at 8:05 p.m. got on the steamer at 10:45 and had a very clear? trip over to Ostend the night being very mild big crowd on the steamer.
Took our seats in the Basel express, very poor seats for an important trip like this, hard wooden seats and no cushions consequently no sleep for me all night except a fitful doze for a few minutes at a time reached Basel at 1:45 two hours to wait and then caught the train for Interlaken, arrived there at 7:30, weary and worn and after dinner very ready for bed, very beautiful the country we have been through.
Very comfortable hotel had a look around in the morning and in afternoon walked up to a hotel up through pine forests 5000 feet up above the lake. Got adrift from Charlie and Ella and they got back very late.
Took trained up the Lauterbrunnen and then by rack railway up to Wenger, a beautiful trip through marvellous scenery. From Wenger we walked up to the Wengeralp 6100 feet up, but the clouds coming down spoilt the view, great pity, back to hotel. After dinner we went to the Kinosaal and listened to the band, saw the best firework display I have ever seen, damping a bit in the evening.
Went for a stroll in morning and then took the steamer to Giessbach where there are some wonderful falls much impressed, had tea at the hotel by the falls, owing to the spray everything very damp and moist. Started to rain as we came down to catch the steamer rained all evening.
Sunday 28 Aug.
Went to the English church in the morning and had a real nice service. In the afternoon Nancy and I went to the open air theatre and saw William Tell a splendid performance and the weather was kind to us and the sun shone during the play however it started to rain later on and rained all the evening.
Monday 29 Aug.
Last day, so took trained to Grindelwald and then we walked to the upper Grindelwald glacier, and had some glorious views of the mountains as the clouds lifted. Went up into the ice cave and then walked back, had tea at Grindelwald and so on home, where it started to rain as usual in the evening. However it hadn't spoilt a very good day
Tuesday, 30 Aug.
Left did 9:00 for Montreux and travelled through typically beautiful Swiss valleys and so to my old haunts of forty years ago passed through the long tunnel Les Arantes? and so to Montrose in thick fog. Cleared up a little bit and as it looked to be clearing up we started to walk to Chillon but the rain started in earnest and after much taking shelter we got back to the hotel not very wet staying at the Hotel de Joh Mont very comfortable.
Wednesday 31.
Just wandered round Landus shopping.
Visited my old haunts Veytaux not changed a bit except the approach to it visited the castle and Nancy and I went all over it.
Friday 2.
Walked up to Les Avants and back quite a good walk had lunch on the way
Saturday 3.
Took the steamer and made a Grande Tour de Lac via Lausanne Evian Bursinel? beautiful day and enjoyed the trip especially the French side of the lake.
Sunday 4.
Went to church at Clarens in the morning and in the afternoon we walked to Vevey and back by boat to Montrose weather very cloudy on the mountains.
Monday 5.
Took train up Rhone Valley to Villars sur Ollon but on arriving there found the clouds very low and weather very threatening and cold so we started to walk back to Aigle took our time and had our lunch on the way and eventually got to Aigle about 4:00. Had some tea and then caught train back to Montreux and bed
Tuesday 6.
Caught the train for Basel changed carriages at the Lausanne and got onto our beastly third class ones and then to Basel. Had an hour and a quarter to wait there and then got on board the Ostend special. Had very little sleep that night as seats beastly hard and uncomfortable after a good crossing arrived at Folkestone at 1 then on to London and getting there about 3:30 and there after a shave and wash to Bayswater to see my dear Margo.
Thursday 8.
Ran down and saw the relations at Richmond and back to the hotel for dinner
Went down to G by bus and just poked about
Went out to Hampstead and enjoyed the wonderful views of the heath.
We went to church this morning I enjoyed the service sat in the old Castle grounds and enjoyed the lovely morning and the flowers. For the afternoon went out to Crompton the potteries sort of museum to Watts R A saw his mausoleum and much admired the old Chapel at C where Gywne was vicar once had some afternoon tea and walked back to the main road is when had to wait for one hour for the bus back
Monday 12.
Came down to Nayland and heard that poor Mater had had a bad heart attack on the Saturday and very nearly died Dolly is staying here
Tuesday 13 and Wednesday 14
Nothing special doing these days just poked about and took it easy.
Went to Colchester in afternoon and looked up the Jacquelines? had tea with them and then we went to a football match which I enjoyed afterwards we played billiards had supper and then he bought me back home enjoyable day.
Friday 16.
Nothing doing today.
Saturday 17
Went to Colchester and to the football at 3:15 and then on home.
Sunday 18.
Church in morning Nurse and I walked up to Stoke and back by the fields in afternoon more church at night.
Monday 19.
Left in good time and went over and spent the day with Charlie, who has had a nasty heart attack a day or two ago, the poor old chap looked fit and well but was in bed back in evening and spent evening at Froggatt's playing bridge I was 2/3.
Tuesday 20.
Nothing special today.
Wednesday 21.
Left the London route to Castlethorpe couldn't catch the train I wanted so went down by later one getting their about 4:15 Van and Edgar on the platform to meet me, both looking very well. Returned to Edgar's digs and spent a pleasant evening I returned to my old digs with Mrs Cook at 10:30.
Thursday 22.
Left after lunch for Northampton where we went to a cinema "The Hurricane" had tea and then Van left us at the station while Edgar and I came on to Castlethorpe While Edgar was taking service and choir practice I looked up the Whiting's and went out with him and few others partridge shooting quite a lot of birds about and I got six.
Friday 23.
Got to London at 10:15 met Margo and spent day together Tps a
Saturday 24.
I went to Felixstowe today, after good look around the museum park.
Sunday 25.
Went to Felixstowe and sat on the beach despite the slight rain, and were as happy as sand boys. Back to Felixstowe and then we went to the parish church for Evensong beautiful service and so back.
Monday 26.
Took Margo to Nayland and spent a memorable day, also the time is getting only to short, and we shall have to part soon, dreadful to contemplate. Margo enjoyed the old house, and I took her back to Colchester in a taxi in the morning sad parting.
Tuesday 27.
Just moped about sad and sore of heart for only two more days in England.
Wednesday 28.
Left to spend the day with Charlie and Ella with Adria. Everyone very anxious over war news, may be another world war, dreadful to think of everyone getting gas masks and trenches being dug even at home saw Mrs Howard and said goodbye to them. Packing and sitting with mater in evening. Telegram from Mr ?
Thursday 29.
The last day has arrived and what with Margo clearing out and not be able to spend the last evening together things were very bleak and dismal. Arrived at LS (Liverpool St Station) and the darling was there to meet me and joy of joys she was not going away for a day or two. Went down to Golders Green and said goodby to Mrs F's sister and then on to Aunt Alison and back to Margo where we spent a sad evening together for the last time.
Friday 30.
Margo saw me off at Waterloo and we kept our peckers up wonderfully, although feeling otherwise, reached Southampton and went on board expecting to find Dolly on board no luck, and later she arrived on the wharf but they wouldn't allow her on nor would they allow me off so all very disappointing sailed at 1:00 for NZ in spirits better left unsaid, that aft and evening hell upon earth.
October 1
Miserable wretched day knew nobody and just moped about missing my M too much for words to describe.
October. 2
Got a place in second sitting thank goodness but poor lot of table companions sunrise at 10:48? made a few approaches today but oh so lonely without my M. Managed to get up a four and bridge this evening quite bucked me up.
Monday to Thurs 5.
Nothing new on board but the same old round but the thrill has gone out of everything since leaving M I suppose I shall get over it in time had bridge most evenings pictures Thursday evening sat with Mr Campbell and Russ.
Friday Saturday and Sunday.
Weather getting fearful hot and the sea day after day like glass most unusual for the Atlantic heat in the cabins is awful and not much sleep even with the fan going all the time just lay stripped on the bunk and sweated.
Monday Tuesday 10.
Heat getting worse, as very moist 92 degrees on board official reading yesterday. Hurt my big toe playing deck tennis a nuisance as I want to play off tournament games. Get to Willemstad Curacao in early hours of tomorrow.
Wednesday 11.
Arrived at Willemstad at 1:30 AM we all had an early breakfast and then J and Russ and Miss N Cauly and few others got a car and drove to town six & half miles away drove round the town and then left the car and did some shopping and back to the car at 10:15 and so on back to the boat being about 11:00 didn't think much of Willemstad and the country all round it.
Arrived off the canal at 2:00 pm but never got started till 3:30 and so went through half of it in the dark bad luck for those who had had never seen it we completed about 10:45 and we were in quarantine for a suspected case of yellow fever, a girl who had got on at Willemstad we were not allowed ashore till 11:30 after our temp had been taken too late to go ashore so turned in and got an early start.
End of diary.

14. Harry's Diary 1939: Life as a Sheep Farmer, 7 May 1939-28 Oct 1939.
Diary of Harold L Fenn 1939
Transcribed by his son Edward, who has filled out abbreviated names and places etc in italics where he can - 2014.
Note this diary has been transcribed using error ridden voice recognition technology.
The diary is in worn condition with missing pages.

Sunday 7 May 1939
Went to Tony's (Elworthy?) today first time I had seen the house, very nice, had a look round the place also the proposed lime works site and back in evening.
Monday 8 May
Left at 9:30 for Timaru en route to Christchurch no luck trying to sell eggs today Left after lunch and went up quickly I got to Betty's (Gould) about 5:00. Had some afternoon tea at Rakaia. First time I have driven my car up to Christchurch.
Tuesday 9 May
Did some business in town and then went to Audrey's (Julius) for lunch, job to find his place; then I went on to Lyttleton to meet Slade as the ? berthed about 1:30 yarned on board for an hour or so. I then left and came on to Sumner and had dinner with John and Hester, then on home.
Wednesday 10 May
Got a puncture which delayed me so went straight out to the boat and picked up Slade at 10:45 and took him for a long drive on Summit Road and Hilltop and back, wonderful run along the Summit Pass the road only just finished dinner on board with Slade.
Thursday 11 May
Couldn't get hold of Broadhurst till twelve and then I drove him up to Cloudesley (Home of Churchill Julius) and back and then I set out for Timaru came down in good time two and a half hours, getting to Timaru at 4:00 and went into the Hay's (local Vicar) for evening meal and so on home, lights suddenly fused on way home much delay
Friday 12 May
Mustered in Lower Ford (Name for a big block on the station) three rams missing and one of Squires (Tommy Squire neighbour to the South) in there. Went on to party given by Mrs Squire. I went down to make a four amongst the elders.
Saturday 13 May
Mustered in Freehold missing rams there but two blue heads short. Ran wires out for the new fence.
Eglington & Harris had a smash on Sargents? Cutting no one seriously injured.
Sunday 14 May
Stayed at home for once; Tommy (Squire) bought a big crowd of shooters over. They got to pig and about ten Wallabies perfect day.
Monday 15 May
The weather is simply glorious day after day no frosts at night which I'm thankful for. On the fence all day running out the nine wires.
Tuesday 16 May
White washing and cleaning out fowl house all day, a dusty job. Took ride over for the mail*. Beautiful day. Looked over the eggs in the evening. Wrote to Edgar Van and Adria.
(* Harry's large mail box (approx 1m X 500mm X 500mm) was several miles away on Pareora Gorge Road near the Motukaika Memorial)
Wednesday 17 May
Took seven & half dozen eggs into Timaru, after much haggling I sold them for 1/5d the highest price I've ever got for them. Got my demand for the tax L101.15.0 a nasty blow coming as it does this year. Put in at Holme Station and had a feed and a good long yarn with Ella and ASE. (Ella & Arthur Elworthy)
Friday 19 May
I mustered down Top Ford (name of a block) and held them for two hours all rams there but unfortunately I did not count them as it proved later. Betty, Derek (Gould) and the boys came up for picnic lunch in the afternoon. A glorious warm day more like Mediterranean summer, than winter.
Saturday 20 May
Mustered in Lower Ford and found few ewes short wished I had counted the Top Ford went to Trotter's for evening meal and spent the evening playing bridge very enjoyable
Sunday21 May
Fishers (The Married Couple - John (Jack) helped on the farm his wife Ella cooked and kept house) left about 9:30 to spend the day at Waimate I did nothing all day milked cows in evening hard frost last night and freezing hard tonight again.
Monday 22 May
Put new dry battery onto wireless. Mustered down Heriot (name of a block) all sheep there and the rams. Drafting up sheep in afternoon and taking out posts to fence with Fisher & LF.
Tuesday 23 May
On fence with Fisher & LF most of day I went for mail and grubbed a bit of gorse.
Wednesday 24 May
Mustered in Freehold (name of a block) a few too many in it but not as many as I expected to find.
Friday 26 May
Took balance of my eggs into Timaru, 161 (sic) dozen all told, played bridge in the evening at the Club and enjoyed my game. Freezing very hard tonight
Saturday 27 May
Started cutting down some more pines at the back of the house as they are completely useless as shelter
Sunday 28 May
Quite a crowd turned up today first some fellows after pigs, then Isabella and some fellow hikers (4) came and left to walk to the top and on to Nimrod, then a family party came up to picnic and spend the day, After dinner Harrold J, Bernard and Betty arrived B took my gun and horse to try it. I gave them some afternoon tea and then they left had a real good time they said.
Monday 29 May
White frost last night, cutting down and splitting pines I started on the sledge in afternoon the cursed light engine all fut (sic*) and won't go at all sucking air somewhere, & two females? turned up after teatime and I bought 2lb box of tea off them.
(*a common expression of Harry's)
Friday 2 June
Mustered Upper and Lower Ford all the sheep seem to have turned up this time.
Sunday 4 June
Another perfect day Tommy and friends came up again after pigs and got about five I went over to Wilfred Howell (Mt Nimrod Station) and then drove on to look at some swedes and chow. Very good feed so got feed for the hoggets 4d a week (per head I think) lucky to get it. Went over to Verity's (Motukaika) for evening bridge.
Monday 5 June
I had a marvellous run round the Grange Hill after the ewe lambs and got them all in by 11:30 wonderful to relate? Tommy D and I crutched all afternoon till 4 I docked them all, ewe lambs looking very well T and D helped crutch bit evening.
Tuesday 6 June
Phil helped all day crutching till 330.
Wednesday 7 June.
Phil started on road with them 411 ewe hoggets & got to Blackmore..
Thursday 8 June
F and I left in good time and went to Wilfred Howell and picked up netting and then on to the turnips Fencing all day Perfect day for the job do hope they will do well on the chow and swedes at 4p a week
Friday 9 June
Blackler took sheep on from Cave, haven't seen him to hear how he got on. (The Blackler family of Totara Valley, Pleasant Point)
Sunday 11 June
Went down to have a feed with June and Harold (Elworthy of Craigmore); she had quite forgotten she had asked me to come about a fortnight ago; but they had only just started. As Tuck (dog) has been missing for three days went away at 5 to look for him. Heard he had been over at Squires all the time.
Tuesday 13 June
Very cold night last night deadly southerly blowing with sleet and snow, quite a lot on tops and well down this morning. Mustered in Lower Ford wind was very cold but it moderated and a nice afternoon. Took sledge back after a hectic drive over the back road skidding and slipping all over the shop.
Friday 16 June
Jack (Fisher) in bed all day so I did the chores etc, roasted the dog tucker which was getting pretty high.
Saturday 17 June
Don Millichamp came up with his tractor. Left for Timaru and then out to the Point to Point races perfect day quite mild and good races. Had a very nice evenings bridge with the Mullins Jack & Alison Mullins of Tycho) came out about 1/6d on the right side.
Sunday 18 June
Alison and I went to church in the morning choral Holy Communion and a lovely service. Very raw and cold. In the afternoon Tim (Timaru Rhodes,Hadlow Grange) and I went over to P.P. (Pleasant Point) to see the hoggets they are doing fine.
Monday 19 June
Shopping in Timaru and meant to come home before dark but got inveigled into making a four at bridge at the Club, of course I lost 17/6 today. Club bridge no good for me.
Tuesday 20 June
Hardest rain we have had for months all day Creek came down no snow on the high country. Badly needed so will do a lot of good, about one & three quarter inches fell.
Wednesday 21 June
Breathing not too good yesterday and today so didn't do anything very strenuous, till afternoon when we felled a big pine. Left for Timaru at 4:15 and went to Rachel (Sinclair-Thomson) for evening meal and then H (Hamilton Sinclair-Thomson) and I went to see (a film, name illegible) I enjoyed it, but not what the papers cracked it up to be.
Thursday 22 June
Left after Young Bros had overhauled my lights which were very bad and came round by the hoggets to see how they had fared in the wet found everything quite dry there no water in the creek and hoggets in grand fettle Spent the evening at Ben and Shona's (Howell), Nubby (Hugh? Knubley) was there and played auction bridge.
Friday 23 June
Cold miserable day rain on and off breathing no good so did very little coming back last night found the old dog tucker horse cast on the flat, so shot it this morning and carted it up to the gallows. Blasting pines all afternoon. (splitting timber with a blasting gun)
Saturday 24 June
Sawing all morning and put down battens in afternoon ready for crutchers. Went over to Verity's this evening for bridge tournament; four tables and we spent a very pleasant evening I won the prize for men.
Sunday 25 June
Went to church in afternoon then on to Ford's ( Lottie and sons John & Bob Ford, Foxdown) for the rest of the day. John up at Mount Harper afternoon doing a spot of work. Marvellous weather very mild day after day.
Monday 26 June
Jack (Fisher) told me Pye's going to Holme Station after doing Bakers so rang up B and found they were coming to me all right this evening. Had a tour around the Grange Hill, but didn't get many wethers in (65) and then mustered in freehold drafted and filled the shed Pye Bros arrived at eight.
Tuesday 27 June
Pye Bros crutched all day did 514, but one only started after dinner. Cross brought up 80 bags of chaff
Wednesday 28 June
Crutching all day weather very mild and warm they did 259 + 430 = 689 today
Thursday 29 June
Pye Bros finished today doing 1865 all told weather good and very mild.
Sunday 2 July
The Gillingham's had asked me over there for the day, so turned up about one and spent a pleasant day, met H and K and his wife
Tuesday 4 July
Trying to mend the wash house tank all day, and eventually managed to finish it; whether it will stand up to the pressure when full I don't know but only hope so. Went over to Ben Howell's (Matata Station) for evening meal and bridge.
Wednesday 5 July
I went to town for various things. Some fool hit me in Stafford Street and took my bumper bar off, lucky no worse. After tea in town went out to Rich's (Geoff Rich - The Rock, Cave) at the Cave for a bridge tournament in aid of Craighead (School) swimming baths funds, very cold night.
Thursday 6 July
Wretched day, first real winter day we have had, driving snow showers and cold all day. Needless to say didn't do much.
Friday 7 July
Margo sails for New Zealand
Fisher's in town all day, as weather improved although a cold wind blowing. Got Bully out of freehold and put him on flat with Poley, as I want to feed him up
Saturday 8 July
Work round the place deadly cold wind and sleet. Breathing not too good all day slight exertion and I am out of breath. Left for Charlie Verity's at 5:30 spent a very good evening at bridge.
Sunday 9 July
Didn't get up till all hours of the morning as weather still cold and miserable with snow showers. Stopped at home all day for a change as off to the Hay's tomorrow. Poley took the Bull.
Monday 10 July
Wonderful day, just like spring. Jack and I went over to the hoggets and put up another break with Blackler. Not a big job and finished at 12:15 home after going to Thompson to see about mangles.
Tuesday 11 July
I went down to Thompson and got a load of mangles nothing special doing today.
Wednesday 12 July
J and I went over to Tod's looking for cattle beast Alexander told us he had not seen it, so drove in Freehold mob, very wild impossible to yard, cut and marked two calves, then got in Lower Ford and after much trouble, shot a young steer right in the mud by the gate, big job keeping it clean as we dressed it.
Thursday 13 July
Went down for a load of mangles this morning and saw Mrs Dent (Doug & Margaret Dent) she is getting up a small play for funds for Sunday school, Jack got dog tucker horse of Dent.
Friday 14 July
Hard black frost last night. Cut up the steer and took some over to Tim (Rhodes) and Rachel (Sinclair-Thomson). Came out after tea lost six shillings at bridge as per usual, can't hold any cards. Wrote to Aunt Ada
Saturday 15 July
Had a good look around the Lower Ford, and burning and tidying up rubbish in the plantations. Fairly hard frost last night.
Sunday 16 July
Went church in morning called at Dent's re play to produce, and then to Holme Station where I had lunch and afternoon tea meeting Charlie Millers niece and nephew-in-law then went to Mills and spent a jolly evening, Mills and his sister Alexander and myself had some good bridge.
Tuesday 18 July
Had a job with the big pine leaning in towards the house got two horses on it and managed to pull it over and fell without doing any damage sawing it up all afternoon.
Wednesday 19 July
Blasting logs all morning.
Thursday 20 July
Hardest frost this year last night pulled pump to pieces and got going, old engine got badly the worse for wear and I doubt if it will see out the year.
Saturday 22 July
Went into the Hunt Club races cold day, saw the first three races, had a sumptuous lunch with Tim, and then Ted (Elworthy) and I slipped away to the football (Rugby) match Waitaki (Boys High School) V Timaru Boys High School splendid game draw eleven all. (This fixture has been played continuously since 1883)
Sunday 23 July
Arthur (Cargill of Waitawa), Hart and I went out to look at the hoggets and then we had a look at the Downlands scheme pipes etc (supplies water to rural Sth Canterbury), and so on back to the "ranch" for a slightly late dinner 1:30 had a look round the "ranch" after.
Monday 24 July
Picked Ted (Elworthy) up in town and brought him out for a few days.
Tuesday 25 July
Deadly wind blowing Ted's back bad so he kept out of it.
Wednesday 26 July
Damnable cold wind blowing. Here heaviest falls of snow ever recorded on Akaroa peninsular and Dunedin, both snowed in and cut off from every way by road and rail
Thursday 27 July
Ted's back still bad, did nothing but keep warm.
Friday 28 July
Ted and I left for Four Peaks in my car, after lunch went out to Hadlow (Grange) and picked up huge load of odds and ends and so on to Four Peaks.
Saturday 29 July
Went down to Orari for a load of wood delayed as had to get a new tire in Geraldine.
Monday 31 July
Started to build a garage for Ted, shovelling snow out of the way to put in the piles, damnably cold for the job. 6 to 8 inches of snow everywhere around here
Saturday 5 August
Garage building all day Ted and I went to hoggets and put up another break
Sunday 6 August
Went to Orari for wood and the best of intentions to go to church but time flew and getting late for church 11:45 on to home with load. Aunt Edie and Nan (Bond) out for lunch.
Monday 7 August
Finished doors for garage hung one of them but Ted can finish now.
Tuesday 8 August
Breathing very bad after a hectic night. Brought Denderah (Elworthy nee Rhodes) into Timaru to Hadlow to look after her Mother while the rest been in ChCh. I arrived out here at 4:15
Wednesday 9 August
Looking over wool
Monday 14 August
Don came up with his tractor and we sawed all day and didn't quite finish it (circular saw bench driven by tractor)
Tuesday 15 August
Finished wood this morning, better than knocking my old engine to pieces doing it.
Friday 18 August
Went to town came out in pouring rain never thought this would turn up for rehearsal so came on up here but rain not bad here so turned round and picked up Don and the two girls and went to Dent's.
Sunday 20 August
Farewell service at Maungati to Mr Hay a large congregation turned up, and the old chap preached a good farewell sermon to us; I am sorry myself he is leaving went round to the Fords for the evening.
Monday 21 August Black Monday
Poor old Rook ill today, hope not flu, and then after breakfast the faithful Fisher's gave me notice, a fearful blow for me. Boss (Arthur Elworthy) came up afternoon and it seems as if they will have to leave in a fortnight if they want the job at Holme Station curse Holme Station.
Tuesday 22 August
Got word last night that the hoggets would have to be shifted next Friday cursed nuisance, as no feed about here everything seems to be going wrong. Went over to hogget's to see what is what and found he had eaten out everything with his own sheep.
Friday 25 August
Ted and I journeyed all over the place looking for Guthrie at last found him and he said he wasn't looking for a married couple's job that's all I got for my trouble. Took Ted to Holme Station at eleven, had lunch with ? and brought back sixteen bags of chaff.
Saturday 26 August
Left for Timaru interviewed a couple, no good as the child was the difficulty re school. The other couple never turned up. Left by 4:25 train en route for Wellington.
Sunday 27 August
Good trip up in the Rangatira, a bit of a swell at first, but quite a normal trip arrived Wellington in pouring rain. Unfortunately Polly (Hansell nee Julius) came down to meet me, and I never got up but had breakfast on board, and she was good enough to come down again later for me.
Monday 28 August
Very nice service at Karori last evening intercessions for peace, Visited Gwen and Arnold (Stewart) for lunch and after I went to the town and poked about round there and back for tea.
Tuesday 29 August
Turned up at the wharf at 8:00 and met dear old Margot after eleven months absence, she was looking so well and as sweet as ever. Friend of hers drove Margot and I out to Lower Hutt where there was a family reunion. After lunch I left Margo to the family.
Wednesday 30 August
Rang Margo up and we met at 12:00 had lunch at Kirkaldy and Staines, sat in the lounge for a bit and Polly and Arthur (Hansell) came in and met Margo who they knew very well in Lower Hutt days. Margot and I went up to the Art Gallery and had a good talk and she said she would marry me etc etc Left by Rangitira at 7:45
Thursday 31 August
Beautiful night and calm trip had breakfast Christchurch Railway Station then spent an hour with the Com. Gen. Lands; he wasn't very encouraging. Came down by bus arrived Timaru 5:00 and stayed the night with old Tim (Rhodes)
Friday 1 September
Did some shopping & interviewed a couple but no good & then on home
Monday 4 September
Heard of a couple so went into town to see them, they were married on Saturday, and I liked the look of them and they were willing to come.
Friday 8 September
Went to town and got my petrol licence got 22 gallons a month not bad all I want. Bought some things at Mortons Sale Rooms a jolly good duchess for 25/- carpets easy chairs all cheap
Saturday 9 September
A sad day indeed
The Boss (Arthur Elworthy) came up for the Fisher's midday, and I was very downcast to see them go down the road, they have been such a splendid couple. My back very bad today which made things all the worse, altogether a black Saturday.
Sunday 10 September
On my lonesome for a week did not do anything today, except moon about as my back pretty bad.
Thursday 14 September
Got a good burn on sunny facing on Grange Hill made a clean sweep of it all.
Friday 15 September
Went to town and back in time for milking.
Saturday 16 September
Cleaning up the house ready for new couple but heard they would not be here till tomorrow.
Sunday 17 September
Large gathering at Mrs Stewart's and had a jolly evening. Mr Mrs Evans sister who had come up for the day to visit her, drowned herself in pond near house extra ordinary affair. New couple arrived about 5:30.
Monday 18 September
Do hope the couple will stay, I don't think they were very impressed with everything yesterday. On the blackberries, all day, I went up to Top Ford in afternoon despite my leg feeling pretty bad, and got a good fire going.
Tuesday 19 September
Good burn yesterday on Top Ford when I went up to look this morning black (back) burning in afternoon
Wednesday 20 September
Black burning (back) most of day I seem to have become completely crippled I can only limp about
Friday 22 September
Went to town, and after tea came out home beastly day cold and raining most of it awful weather for time of year.
Sunday 24 September
Couple went to town and after lunch I left for Mills via Blue Cliffs (Station) where I picked up my packsaddle. Alexander turned up at Mills and we played till 12:30
Monday 25 September
Bed at 2 am this morning, so, as the day was cold and wet took it out of the blankets this morning hoping a rest may do my hip good.
Tuesday 26 September
Leg very bad today, working in the bush felling on the steep sideling very bad for it, but the firewood has to be cut, Gordon (new man?) went over for the mail, and I cleaned out garage, ran engine etc
Friday 29 September
Wrote to Charlie and Grace, couple went to town, after dinner beastly drizzle on and off all day but nothing down the road.
Saturday 30 September
Gordon and I spent most of the day in the bush stripping out wood we had felled and splitting some, bust ring on maul and that ended our splitting went to the school for a rehearsal; all at sea with everything stayed for annual tennis meeting.
Sunday 1 October
I left after afternoon tea for Mrs S who kindly gave me a lift to the Mills where we spent the evening bridge disappointing and I played with two duds who only played auction
Monday 2 October
Looked in freehold, two dead making five in all so far one cast but got it okay. Got in old horse and killed it after dinner, as don't want to keep it hanging about all summer. G (Gordon) had a tour of U & L Ford blocks
Wednesday 11 October
Went to town and met Margo and bought her out to stay a few days at Craigmore came on up here in afternoon a beastly cold day for Margo's first acquaintance with Grange Hill. Had a terrible shock found someone has stolen my little nest egg of about 40 pounds out of my desk.
Thursday 12 October
Took Margo down last night to Craigmore and stayed the night and came on up by the next morning and started planning where to furnish up the house.
Saturday 14 October
Went to the races and introduced Margo to various people beastly cold wind blowing so Margot and I Rachel and Ella cleared off to the pictures much better from my point of view
Sunday 15 October
Margot and I went down to Holme Station for dinner, everyone charmed with the dear girl. After tea went to Tom's for supper and the evening and then on back to Craigmore.
Monday 16 October
Margot and I left Craigmore after breakfast for Timaru, when I got Timaru I had a very serious attack of fibrositis, I could not walk or speak while it lasted & very painful. Margot took me to see Dr Moir who prescribed for me and told me to have perfect rest for a few days.
Tuesday 17 October
Went over to Squires after afternoon tea found they had cut out and were starting here in the morning, curse Squires for not letting me know earlier. Back via Foxdown where I got Alexander to help to muster and rounded up a few for the shed, finished shedding in the dark and I was supposed not to do anything strenuous.
Wednesday 18 October
Shearing all day took Margo down to Craigmore in the morning as she leaves for home today.
Thursday 19 October
Shearing miserable weather for the job cold and wet
Friday 20 October
Shearing all day. ? back today Went down to the school with planks etc getting things ready for the evening
Saturday 21 October
Took things back to Craigmore. Drafted up hoggets in afternoon ready to take away in the morning. Our show last night great success big crowd despite the rotten evening.
Sunday 22 October
Party at Verities in my honour very enjoyable, went over there with Stewart
Monday 23 October
Left Grange Hill for Wellington took car up to Christchurch, but found all garages in Lyttleton closed so left it in Christchurch. Had evening meal with Alice (Davies nee Hansell) and Arthur (Davies) Full train but caught the express. Fearful crowd on board and I got a bunk in the dining saloon, mighty little sleep.
Tuesday 24 October
Arrived Wellington 7 am sharp had breakfast at railway station and caught bus out to the Hutt. Margot and I went in after lunch and shopped, and back for evening meal. Then Margot and I went over to Eastbourne for the evening, and so to bed ready for the momentous day tomorrow
Wednesday 25 October
My wedding day.
Arthur Hansel and Canon Davies officiated and then we adjourned to the Grand Hotel for light refreshments etc, just Margo's nearest friends and relatives and Polly only one speech. After they left we went back to the hotel and rested then out to Petone to see a dear old couple; they were very pleased to see us. Caught Rangitira in evening.
Thursday 26 October
Very calm run down. Had breakfast at Christchurch Railway Station, got the car and back to Lyttleton for our luggage nowhere to be found; had various officials on the run looking for it. Back to Christchurch did some shopping and back to hotel. Went to the Cathedral for play "The Zeal of thy House" Well done but couldn't hear anything.
Friday 27 October
Shopping all day looking at carpets etc had lunch with Betty (Gould nee Elworthy) decided on getting carpet made as no ready-made ones big enough. Went to the pictures in evening.
Saturday 28 October
Left hotel at nine loaded up to the plimsoll mark picked up parcels etc and left at 9:40 for Timaru arrived there at 12:00 just in time to get my suit fitted, looked in at the A&P show for an hour and a half and then on home with my Margo. Had to do all the chores as couple away back to earth with avengence

End of diary.

15. Harry & Margot Fenn: 1940 1945. Harry onboard Tainui 1938, his marriage, at Craigmore, with his new family

16. Harry in Timaru NZ: 1940's - 1960's. Harry with his children at Gleniti Timaru, with his brother Van, with his granddaughter Jane and daughter-in-law Joan 1967.

17. Harry's Letters: Dated 6 Mar 1887 and 19 Feb 1889.
Malvern House
March 6, 1887
Dear Dolly
Thank you very much for the nice long letter you sent me I hope you enjoyed going to the Wax Works There is a very nasty bloodhound here and it has four pretty big young ones, we were going out for a walk and we met all five and the largest of them the father came up to me and looked up into my face with its great big blood eyes and it nearly knocked me over and there is a nother great Colley dog it bit a boy's head
I often went into Dover and there are lots of men of war There are such a lot of soldiers here and come in every Saturday and they drill I am very happy here I am the youngest boy in the school the oldest boy is eighteen I hope Auntie Isabella is quite well I am in a great hurry because I have got to go down and say me scripture I have racked my brain to think of some more to say.
Goodbye from your loving cousin.
Harold Liveing (Fenn)
PS Excuse is writing
Letter a written on four sides of a plain sheet.

Malvern House
February 19th 1889
Dear Vandy
I wish you many happy returns of your birthday I would send you a present only as I am not allowed to go into Dover I cannot but I must give you one when I come home I am sending you a few foreign stamps I am afraid this will not get to you at breakfast time as there is no post The smudge I made was because a boy pushed my hand and I smudged it.
We are having very nice weather here are you I hope you're birdie and my bully are all right. There is a man here walking for a lot of money I don't know how much he is walking for Please give the emperor a lot of kisses from me. That term is going very quickly how many stamps have you do you know could you tell me next time Aunt Pollie writes and tell me what present you get.
I have know more to say
Give my love Naney Goat and all from your loving brother
Written on 3 of 4 sides of a small piece of notepaper headed with the family IMMOBILIS crest, and some squiggles from Harry.

18. Harry's Letters: Dated 27 Mar 1891 and 17 May c1891.
March 27th
Dear Harry
I am sending you a little prayer book which I hope you will like. I wish you dear many happy returns of your birthday I hope you will spend a happy day, the Emperor Baa wants to know how you will get your hamper, he thinks you ought to come home. I tell him you will very soon come home. I am teaching him to read, he knows all his letters, I tell him if he is good I will give him a prize at Easter, he has just asked if Harry to read this letter, he sends you lots of love and six kisses. Bully is all right he tries to sing I think he will soon. We shall be so pleased to see you again. I am sure you will be pleased with the mail coach. I hope we shall have nice weather in the holidays so as to have nice long walks with it.
With much love to you dear Harry
Nanny Goat

Malvern House
May 17th /91
Dear Dolly
Thank you very much for your lovely long letter I got it this morning at breakfast I was very sorry to have miss you but I thought you would be at the station when I got there. I've found a Robins next in an old tin just thrown into the hedge I am going to bring it home with the nest inside when the young birds have gone it looks so lovely. I should have liked to see that chap in the water with the boat upside down. There is going to be a grand fete here tomorrow just the house so we shall have the merry go rounds. I am going to get a full-sized adder and get it stuffed or if I cant do that put it in a bottle of gin so as to keep a nice. I am glad little Asper Welle Welle One is all right I will try and get you some stamps if I can. I am getting on with my net lovely. I have been into Dover twice this week, walked in and come by the train it was lovely. I hope we have a half holiday tomorrow we ought to we had one last year. Give my love to Aunt Isabella Pie Nanny and all from your loving cousin
Harold L. Fenn
Written on four sides of plain notepaper with a pen and ink sketch of Harry striking an adder under a tree, Harry's signature has a large flourish.

19. Harry's Letters: Dated 19 Feb 1895 and 16 Feb 1896.
Maison Falquier
Feb 19th /95
Dear Van
I am awfully sorry this letter won't get to you on your birthday, but I forgot the days, and I was reading the paper which has just come which is the one for the 18th I thought today was the 18th. I wish you many happy returns of your birthday. It is not half bad out here although it is not very nice being such a long way far away from home. I am sending you a picture out of an advertisement, it will give you a little idea of what this end of the lake is like. We are having very cold weather out here but nothing like as cold as it is in England. I will now try and explain the favourite pastime out here namely luging, well, you go up one of the roads which go up the mountain which is very slippery and when you have got up as high as you like, you sit down on your luge which is like a toboggan only higher and my lighter built, and then you start, and you go a tremendous pace guiding yourself with your feet or with two pieces of wood. I had a dreadful journey out here, I did not get here till late on Tuesday, travelling all Sunday, it was fearful. I have to wear blue glasses to keep the glare of the sun and snow off. I am learning the piano I am getting on fairly well with it, it is funny to go everywhere and hear them gabbling French, or Italian. It is rather awful, sometimes I go into a shop and say Avez vous des and then I have not the faintest idea of the French for what I want so I say it in English with a beaut French pronunciation sometimes, or make gestures. It is Icey all right, these things hanging down are supposed to be icicles (sketch of a finger and a thermometer) and the thermometer as you see below zero. We have had about a foot and a half of snow while I have been here. I hope we have no more. I have got a catty and I catty all the birds I see I have not got one yet; but I hope to soon, the birds consists principally of jays and magpies. I saw some Eagles the other day flying around the tops of the mountains. I have only skated once since I have been here I like luging better. There are 11 boys here they are all very jolly chaps. We do plenty of work here, we begin at 9 and go on without a break till half past 12 and then I go home to dinner (I suppose you know I don't live at Mr Musson's house but Mr Lewises which is about three quarters of a mile away), then we begin work again at 4.30 and go on till seven then I come home and have supper and do an hour work after. For summer we do work from 2 till 4.30 as it is too hot to . . . . .
Written on four sides of a sheet which has an embossed letter head of a lion and cross in a shield under which is "SUB CRUCE CANDIDA", the remainder of the letter has been lost.

Clos de Grand Champ
Feb 16th /96
My Dear Van
I wish you many happy returns of the day, and hope you will have many of them. The winter this year has been quite a phenomenal one, we haven't had a drop of rain or any snow since the 29th of December, we have had some very good skating up the Rhone valley. Yesterday I went for a long walk in some mountains in the valley, in consequence of the little snow on the mountains you can go up to 6000 feet or more, but where there is not much sun, there is plenty of snow. Just fancy poor P(?)iddle having measles how very sad, I hope they won't be a bad attack. I have been paying a call or two on a dentist here, it is rather awkward to jaw French when he has his two hands down your throat but I got on all right. I am going to have one out soon. I suppose you enjoyed the rest of your holidays very much, going to the theatre's etc. There was a fire just near here this morning and all the people in Villneure turned out and formed two long lines down to the lake and passed water up in every conceivable thing that could hold it even in stools "er - tit!! - tit!!", for fire engines are few and far between here. I have been doing a lot of luging at the beginning of the year it was very good then, but it has all finished now, worse luck. Old Mrs Potts has been getting in furious rages with everyone "God only knows why" er-tit!! tit!!, she has got two cats and it is rather curious but the cats don't seem to like us, funny isn't it.
How is (a sketch of a thermometer and some fingers, the transcriber takes this to be a reference to Icey) I suppose there is a great demand for it now the weather is so hot. I have been playing tennis a good deal lately, I shall play a good deal next week I hope. I heard from Gerald the other day I had no idea at poor Adria had been so ill, I hope she will soon be better. Montreux is very full now and the balls and theatricals have just come to an end now. We have got two new chaps here this time Knight-Bruce the chap I'd brought out with me, he's an awful shit I think and Pott is the name of the other he is almost as bad, it is rather awkward having a chap called Pott here. I have been doing so little lately that I have no more to say, hoping you will have a happy birthday.
I remain your loving brother.
Harold L Fenn
PS I suppose you will give your fags a holiday on your birthday n'est ce pas
Written on four sides of a piece of heavy note paper, overwritten slightly on the front.

20. Harry's Letters: Dated 19 July 1891 and 4 Nov 1894.
Malvern House
July 19th /91
Dear Dolly
I have not written to you for a long while I am so sorry but the Sundays were so hot, today is not very hot. We break up on the 31st I wish I could come home on the 30th or when Heidleberg breaks up. We had a lovely game of cricket on Saturday but we had to go up to the house because it was raining it was a pity I made 18 rounds. We had a tremendous thunderstorm on past Wednesday week the hail stones were as big as large marbles. I am dreading the examinations I do hate them I hope little Asper is all right I can swim a long way in salt water we go to the baths every Monday and Friday. Mr Hammond is always telling me he wants me to say, I want to stay in some ways and I want to go in others. Fritzies Hammond says that he is coming to our house in the holidays, when do your holidays begin. All the hay is cut and we had awful fun siding the wagons when they were full, it is all gone now, and the field looks very dull and bare. We have had heaps of tennis this time. Give my love to Aunt Isabella and purra Pie Nanny Tip Baa and everybody from your loving cousin
PS How nice it will be living in the same house with you
Written on four sides of a small piece of notepaper.

Haileybury College
Nov 4th /94
Dear Icey
Thanks awfully for that letter of yours it was a lovely one. I am afraid I could not write to you in a French lesson although I loathe it. I will make some parts of the sledge in the carpenter's shop, I cant put it together here it would be such an awkward thing to take home. I am afraid I have not written to Cyril yet. I am afraid I have not got my house badge yet but I have hopes for it, I have not knocked out any teeth as yet this term. Was it Icey!!! you burnt in the gas how lovely if it was. We break up on the 20th, no more school for me. Yesterday Charlie came down and we gave him tea in the study and we watched the match, our school XV is jolly good this year, you know Cheese the brother of the one at Temple Grove is in this study he is in the school XV We will have a concert next holidays, I hope we have plenty of snow, do you remember our tobogganing last year (the second syllable tit tit) Jumbo is flourishing he has not asked me to tea yet beastly insolence of him. I really have no more to say
From your loving brother
Harold Liveing Fenn
Written on four sides of a small note sheet with a sketch on the back by Harry of an arm with a note "all its grandeur" another arm with a large muscle is scratched out. This letter is written to his brother Van, Icey was the boy's name for Vans withered left hand.

21. Harry's Letters: Dated 18 Feb 1897 and 19 Feb 1904.
Grey Friars
Feb 18th 1897
My dear Van
I wish you many happy returns of the day. "As Colchester is such a bad place for presents, I will keep mine until the holidays!!!!" I like my life at Paxmans very much my daily routine is this I get up at about five or ten to six, begin work at half past, leave off at 8.20 come home for breakfast (during the said breakfast Edgar reads the billiards to me), begin again at 9 go on till 1 p.m. and then from 2 till 5:30 p.m., so I have a good long day of it. I have got a nice bicycle. Lately I have purchased a cyclometer and gear case. Since the beginning of last week up until now I have been 711/2 miles. When you come home I will take you round the works and show you the molten iron, furnaces etc. Bo and Chick are still both flourishing. I remain in haste your loving brother
Harold L. Fenn PW
PS My latest title is PW (Paxmans workman)
Written on four sides of a small notepaper with a Grey Friars letter head

59 Devonshire Rd
Greenwich S4
February 19th 1904
My dear Van
Very many happy returns of this eventful day the 20th of February, my dear brother I am afraid our correspondence lately between us, can hardly be called heavy, what say you. As you perceive by the above address I am still in the land, famous for its time. Lately I have been inflicting my, I trust, welcome presence on our various relations etc in the neighbourhood, namely that the Todds, Routh's, Julius's, Cotes. I am going down to the Todd's tomorrow for a weekend; and the following Saturday I honour Uncle Arthur again with my company. I enjoyed the billiards last time I was there immensely, we were at it till 11:45 p.m. I saw a few weeks ago that Colonel Conor was appointed Governor of the Isle of Wight prison, (Parkhurst I believe it was) so I suppose the family will be retiring from Chelmsford; just my blooming luck; you will have an all your own way now with the five Miss Conor's. I am at present walking about with a bread pudding hanging to my fingers as I have managed to poison my hand. I expect you have been having some splendid sea's lately during these high gales, we have been having the river into the new engine room's during these very high tides. I went and saw the "Orchid" at the Gaiety last Saturday it was very good indeed. I expect you have forgotten what the inside of a theatre looks like out in the Wild West of Cornwall. I wrote and congratulated father on his find; I expect it bucked him up tremendously (the autograph I mean), wild horses wont drag him away from them now. I had a very quiet Christmas; and was very disappointed not to get any rabbiting; but the poor Church's have had rather a job to keep the wolf from the door, during Harry C's long illness, so they sold all their rabbiting ferrets etc. Mrs Gardener looked as well as ever have you written to her since Christmas as she asked me your address, and I forgot to give it her. I shall be down here for a few weeks still, I am in no hurry to get away; although I object to 5:15 in the morning but still I have a lump it Now my dear brother, I must bid you farewell, once more wishing you every luck and happiness for your birthday and the future
From your affectionate brother
Harold L. Fenn
Written on four sides of plain notepaper, partly overwritten on the front.

22. Harry's Letters: Poem from his Nanny, Letter 10 Mar 1906 and Card 24 Jul 1906.
Alike to those we love, and those we hate,
We say no more at parting at life's gate,
To him who passes out beyond earth's sight,
We cry - as to the wanderer for a night
We have no dearer word for our hearts friend
To him who journey's to the worlds far end,
And sears our soul with grief, thus we say
As unto him who steps but o'er the way
Hand written on two sides notepaper unaddressed and unsigned it is clearly written to Harry - the handwriting is very close to Nanny Goat's his Nanny.

Rev E Vanderzee Fenn
St Minver

R.M.S. Tongariro
The Atlantic
Nr Cape Town
My dear Van
Just a line to tell you how I am getting on. We expect to arrive at Cape Town on Saturday next, we ought to arrive Friday at what with bad coal and high seas against us, we are a bit late. I spent a very enjoyable six hours ashore at Tenerriffe; having the pleasure of seeing Alphonso VIII of Spain about four times that morning, each time we gave him some good hearty English cheers, he waved his hand to us and smiled and the Queen Mother threw us a kiss. It was very warm that day, the town was all beautifully decorated and all the people had their best gala dress on. We went and saw the bull ring; I understand the King has expressed his wish that they should discontinue bull fighting there, I expect Princess Ena is bringing him up to scratch. We came board again about 3.0 p.m. laden with fruit etc and we haven't seen a thing since except two boats that passed us in the tropics. When we crossed the line Neptune came aboard, and we had the usual ceremony. I expected I should have to go through it so clad myself suitably for the occasion they pounced on me and bought me up before him and then "shaved" me ? and back I went into a large tank of water where I was well ducked. We are holding some support yesterday I am in for the final of the potato race, run off today. There are very few musicians on board, so we can't get any good music. The man who plays the organ at the morning service refuses to play twice on a Sunday, so I play in the evening. I managed to get through the chants all right. I am writing to all the brothers I shall have quite a bundle at Cape T. Seen heaps of porpose's and flying fish etc.
Best love to yourself from your
Harold L Fenn
Written on a patent notepaper with sealing flaps, addressed with a one penny stamp Frank Pier head Cape Town. Some pencil notes by Van on the back.

Edgar J Fenn Esq
Alston Court
near Colchester
Via Frisco.
Had a long letter from Van last night, am writing to him tomorrow. So sorry I did not write to you for your 21st birthday it slipped my memory. You will be glad to hear carrots and turnips have gone up in price while mangles and swedes are not so steady!! I beg your pardon. Audrey is to be married in September. TeTe HLF
On the front of the card - what price Brentwood incline now. It takes three trains to shove each up here. This is in the North Island. What price the train!!
Postcard of train ascending the Rimutaka Incline NZ postmarked 24 Jul 1906.

23. Harry's Letters: Dated 1906 in NZ to his brother Van.
Rev E Vanderzee Fenn
St Minver

C/o A S Elworthy
My dear Van
I am writing to Rock to wish you a very happy Christmas and New Year. It seems funny to me, here am I sitting down the first week in Nov to send you all Christmas greetings when we just beginning our summer.
I don't know whether father has sent round any of my letters to any of you. My occupation for the last seven weeks has been riding round paddocks looking after the sheep and lambs, it has been an exceptionally good year up to the present for lambing and the young crops. The agricultural year is of course from June to June here I regret to say I have only been to church twice since I have been here, but now the evenings and drawing out I must make an effort one of these Sundays, (when I get one to myself). I wish I had brought out my old bike; the price of bikes out here is something awful, a L10.10.0 machine out here costing 25L. I shall have to get one soon; but I am looking out for a bargain. Up to the present I like the life and work very much; of course I get fits of homesickness and doubts as to whether I shall ever do any good at this game but I must'nt give way to them. Mr and Mrs Arthur (the chief and his wife) have left worst luck; so I have to have all my meals in the cookshop now; I am very sorry as it was very nice for me before. Shearing begins next week. I expect my job will be branding ie I had to count out the sheep as they are finished, so many to each man, and then brand them according to their age and clear them out of the way ready for another lot. There are 25 shearer's so I shall have to bustle round start work at 5.30 and go on till it is dark. I am sending you one of my photos which I trust you will be pleased with. Timaru doesn't boast of a really first class photo. We had a bad thunderstorm here at last Tuesday reminds me of (Alice through L G), the thunder seems much louder out here, due no doubt to the mountains all round us. Hoping you will not mind the short scrawl, as I have a lot to get off by this mail, and not much time to do it either.
From your affect brother
Harold L. Fenn
Written on four sides of the line notepaper that date 1906 is entered in pencil. Envelope carries a one penny NZ stamp Timaru franked 10 November, the back is franked Dunedin NZ November 12-06 3 a.m.

Note picture of Harry's first accommodation at Holme Station the whare (hut) to put him in his place!

24. Harry's Letters: Dated 28 June 1910 and 20 Sept 1910.
C/o A S Elworthy
Holme Station
June 28th 1910
My dear Van
I think this past week is one I am not likely to forget for the rest of my life. Ella and the Boss left for Sydney on the 19th and I was to sleep in the house until they came back; as there was only the governess, the four children and half a dozen female servants. We all retired per usual Monday night; when about two o'clock I was woken up by the terrible cry of the "house is on fire" Tearing out a bed and down stairs to the back of the house I found the servants hall and wash house in flames; we fought against them for a short while but it was no good; and then I realised that the whole of the beautiful Homestead was doomed. The first thing was to see that everyone was safe and then summon help from the station (half a mile away) on their arrival we started to save everything that was movable downstairs; by the time we were driven out of the house by the flames we had saved practically everything in the front rooms downstairs. It was a very sad sight watching the destruction of the beautiful house; my eyes were suspiciously moist as I thought of the many happy days spent in it; alas all over now. The flames sweeping up from the back of the house burnt the stairs through so that the upstairs rooms were quickly cut off. The kids and the governess lost practically everything and I lost the few things I had up there including, worst luck, both my two pairs of eyeglasses. I sent in a claim for 8L but it was no good, as my policy only holds good as long as I am in this house. It was very sad for Ella and the Boss on stepping off their boat at Sydney to find this cable awaiting them. The kids were all so awfully good, owing to Miss Ford keeping so cool and quiet; it was a mercy she never lost her head. It was very merciful that the cook woke up then, and not a quarter of an hour later, for I am afraid there would have been lives lost. I am afraid it has shaken my nerves up considerably; the first two or three nights after, I sprang out of my bed two or three times dreaming the place was on fire; however that is over now. I am sending you a copy of a Timaru paper (not the leading one) The report is absurd and theatrical like in many ways, and I should think it is evident that the "Hero" was the man interviewed you might send it round to Charlie Cyril and Edgar. I am sending Aunt Ada and Mater one. Well, old chap, how are you getting on; about time you came out here I think. I expect you have had news of me from Aunt Ada before this. It was grand to have had her out here. Fare thee well, Van my boy
From your ever
affect brother
Harold L. Fenn
Written on four sides of a notepaper.

Grange Hill
Nr Timaru
20 Sept 10
My dear Van
I really forget whether I have written to you, since I became a landed proprietor. The future which was always rather a gloomy outlook before; is now all change. I have a home to work up; and perchance I might one day take to myself a wifee. It is a pretty little homestead nine rooms in it and a nice verandah facing the sun. The gardens both kitchen and flower are well stocked and looked after. I have got a very good man with me. He has been on a place fifteen years. He does all my cooking, washing etc. This place is about 121/2 miles back inland from Holme Station, so I am about 25 miles from Timaru. There are about 4100 acres nominal, as a matter of fact there is over 5500; of course a lot of it is very rough and steep. The highest parts of my country run up higher than the highest mountain in Great Britain 4540 ft is my limit. As regards the stock I have about 2400 sheep 20 head cattle, two horses, etc. If the price of wool and lambs keep up I ought to make 400L per annum clear. I shan't do that this year because I shall have a lot of extra expenses with regards to the transfer of the place. You know I cabled home to Mater to see if she could advance me L1500; and with my own I could then raise the required L3000 pounds I had to show. I am now borrowing all the money I want off A S Elworthy, and playing him 5%. So now "my boy" when you visit your poor brother; he can give you a bed in his own house, instead of getting shelter for you in someone else's. I feelEdgar very lonely at times, but will get used to that soon. My lambing is just starting I hope I shall get a good return of youngsters. I hope you are keeping fit, as "your humble" is. I am glad to say that Uncle C and Aunt Alice and all the New Zealand relations are in the best of health. My nearest neighbours are only about three miles away but I like my own fireside best, so I don't expect I shall go out much except Sundays. Before I left the Station; all the hands got up a farewell dance; and in the middle presented me with a very handsome English saddle and bridle; very nice of them all I thought. I responded with a few (very few) suitable words. I have furnished one room in my mansion; in which I live and have my being. Now my brother "au revoir" from your affect brother
Harold L. Fenn
Written on four sides of a notepaper.

25. Harry's Letters: Fond family letters 1947, 1950's.
Harry had an entertaining mind, at the time of the birth of his daughter Katherine (Aug 1945) he wrote this note to his son, most of it is lost. The first part is in "looking glass writing" see picture file.
. . . . . pen is running backward. . . . . I cant stop it most annoying I call it I expect it will get all right in a minute or so - there I am all right again now Mrs Banty's chicks are due tomorrow morning, I am afraid we . . . . . On the back is Harry's drawing of a buxom cow with the writing. Where's that "Boss of mine - 6 o'clock and not milked yet - I'm positively, busting".
Cosy Cot !!

Wed Morn
(May 1947)
My own precious Mummy
With joy and delight I got sure to loving letters this morning - I retired to the verandah and basking in the glorious sun I perused them over and over again - bless you my darling; but I'm sure you are well content, when you know the joy they gave me - I am so glad to hear all the good news of the family, and I am so glad my darling one is having a quiet restful time - I am much relieved to hear the dip is covered; but I could hardly believe that Bob (Ford) would not take some precautions, to guard his own daughter's safety. Spent a quiet evening with R (Rachel) and Ham, the two youngsters had a picture party, so we three just listened to Mackagar(?) and Holland and talked till 10:15 when I left, incidentally we got on to Plunket, and R let out the fact that she hadn't given anything; that started me off, and I think I scored heavily on all my points - no heat about it just a quiet talk - Saw the storm coming up Monday evening, so flew for the bucket and up to Pollie? (Poly), to try and beat it - the cold wind soon came up, but I beat the rain, and was safe inside before it started. Jack Pots was a washout, too much statics. Am ringing you up in an hour or two's time I do hope I shall be able to hear you - I said 12:30 but I am making it later as I thought K might be "ish ish" as early as that - bless the little darling gave her a huge squeeze from her darling Daddy, and get her to give you a beautiful one from me - only one attack of indigestion; due to too many cakes and tea on Monday last, - I am fit as a flea with the exception of the usual trouble which is particularly stubborn this time I have finished the jar of molasses and I'm getting JE Fenn Esqit filled today, as Ham wants me to sign some papers the sooner the better - and more than delighted and relieved to hear E is behaving so well.
Au revour my loved one, I look at the family Gallery lovingly when ever I am in the bedroom - hope to hear that your raucous (deleted) - I beg your pardon dulcet tones in about three hours. Fare thee well, till we meet
Every your loving old
Written on two sheets of notepaper very illegibly, R and Ham mentioned are the Sinclair-Thompson family, "ish ish" is sleep.

Taiko R D
Sunday the 31st 1947 3 p.m.
My darling old girl
I wonder what the "old Wiff" is doing at the moment, perhaps having a bit of ish ish - well after leaving you I deposited our son at "Kildonan" Margaret (Dent) hadn't arrived back and I forgot to tell Bev (Dent) of Mary's message however Mary (Ford) can ring Margaret herself. I passed Doug (Dent) at *Radon's as I journeyed home, arriving in due course at 5:45, and so eventually to bed where I found my darling's good night message awaiting me. An all electric breakfast next morn, made a mess of the poddgy left over for me it seemed to go into a lot of hard lumps, so I made some fresh. I turned the little "Banty" in with the rest she seemed to have gone off the cluck altogether - In the afternoon I went to the football match, and thoroughly enjoyed a good game Timaru or rather South Canty retaining the Hannon shield, beating the challengers Mid-Canty by 19 to 6 - I again rang Gladys third attempt and got her, they are living over at Cecil's, while their place is being redecorated etc, when she asked me if I wanted Bertie with great "presence of mind" I said "Oh no I was just ringing up to find out how Aunt Edie was". Cow milked, fowls fed, breakfast and all over by 9:30 this morning so went to Kirk, they had a new organist quite a young chap but "Oh boy could he play the organ" - the mountains skipped like lambs the thunder rolled etc etc and in the end he played a glorious voluntary, they all got up and made for the door as per usual but quite a lot came back and sat down and listened to it. Journeying home I called in at Rachels for half an hour and eventually it leaked out I was a "grass widower" so they promptly asked me down to evening dinner on Tuesday next with bridge after - a pleasing prospect my darling - Fleeing on from Rachels I came up to the Small's who had kindly invited me up There. Mrs S. frightened me with a platefuls she put in front of me however by removing half, I managed to leave nothing on my plate, she explained that Bill was a big eater and was helping me by his standard? So back to Cosy Cot where I am now writing to my darling - how are you dear one I hope you are having a nice lazy time and how is the darling K., my word how I miss you; I hope you are taking great care of my precious "daut", not over laying her or letting her get near that awful dip or the various creeks about. I thought the wind last night would blow in some of the windows in the front of a house it was "that"! strong however it died down before midnight. Well my beloved one I do hope you will take it easy and have a good spell. Dad's having a glorious time no le symphony note or a crazy concerto rent the air last night, I listened to the start of a new serial "The Corsican Bros" promises to be good. My best regards to Lottie (Ford) and a huge "queeze" and lots of kisses to my darling one and a dear wee K. - Time for a cuppa 4-5
You're ever loving old
Ha wa-too
PS Shall ring you up 12:30 next Wednesday on chance you will be at home, see my darling "filly" is handy
Written on two sheets of notepaper rather illegibly, Harry has just left Margot it seems with their old neighbours, the Ford's at Foxdown Maungati, probably to give Margot a rest, Harry presumably had to stay home to milk the cow. Edward (the compiler of this!) was left with the Dent family, also in Maungati, who were great friends and very much enjoyed having Edward to stay, over the years, as they had lost their only son in WW II. Edward also has many happy memories of staying with the Dent's and their three pretty daughters! *Mrs Radon operated the telephone exchange which Harry had installed in the district many years before.

To the darling old whiff who has given me 11 years of happiness and loving care.
Bless you my own darling.
Not having been in town lately I am giving to my darling wife, who has made the 12 years of our married life so supremely happy for me, this little bit of paper, with my fondest love, and may the rest of our life together be one of continued happiness and love my darling.
Your loving old
The compiler is of the view that these two sweet little notes written by Harry were for wedding anniversaries. Fenn family finances were always such that presents were not necessarily the norm.

Harry now aged 84 wrote to his son, travelling in the North Island, on the occasion of his 21st Birthday. He still worked in the garden in spite a very painfull hip and knee.
Hadlow 4 R.D.
My dear old boy,
My warmest congratulations and love for your 21st birthday and as you step across the threshold to start your life may be a long happy and prosperous one, dear old chap. You are naturally in our thoughts all the time now, and I'm sure you are enjoying every moment of it. Mum has had a letter or two from Eine, giving us some details of you and your departure from . . . . . I soon "pilled" my heart attack off that Tuesday, and was undressing in the bedroom when she arrived home, as it turned out you had plenty of time. I turned turtle in the drain (Moores fence) yesterday my cries for help brought Mate along in great haste. Seeing his old boss wallowing in the muddy water, he thought "good oh, here's a game", dived into the drain, and then all over me, in the way you know he can show his excitement. I was well mucked up when Mum came to my rescue and pulled me out. Going out to tea at Fred Smiths this afternoon, when Mum hopes to have a nice talk on stocks and shares! with Fred. No news here as usual, Sandy and Mate flourishing ditto Mum and K.; please note the order in which I put them! Some interesting looking parcels have arrived for you, something to do with television or radio? The stamps on the parcel were of some interest to Mum. Hope you can read this my hand is a very cold. Best of love to you my dear boy and every good wish for your future.
From your loving old Dad

Harry married Marjorie Helen Ruth BARKER [40], daughter of Thomas Lugg Mankey BARKER [634] and Alice Catherine JOHNSON [635], on 25 Oct 1939 in Old St Paul Cathedral Church Wellington N.Z. Margot was born on 5 Jun 1907 in Wellington NZ, died on 27 Jun 1970 in Fairlie N.Z. at age 63, and was buried in 1970 in Timaru N.Z. The cause of her death was cancer (Multiple Myloma). She was usually called Margot.

General Notes:
Margot was the ninth child in an interesting and intelligent family of ten, she had an outgoing and enquiring personality with ideas and interests often ahead of her times. Margot was Head Girl at Wellington College, trained at Wellington Hospital, she met her husband Harry on board the Tainui enroute to England. She bought a car in London and travelled extensively in Britain, then tours to Europe. She nursed at Stonefield Hospital Blackheath London and from Sunnybank Private Hospital Ave Petit-Juas Cannes, France in 1938/9 where the nursing of many of her patients was at their homes, or in Hotels. Returning to Sydney Australia on the P&O ship Strathnaver 16 Aug 1939 then on the Wanganella to Wellington 29 Aug 1939, and married. At age 32 she was 30 years younger than her husband.

Found in Margot's bible from her school days was notice of her engagement to Oxley Hughan c1935:
Hughan - Barker
Marjorie Helen Ruth fifth daughter of Mr and Mrs T L Barker of Lower Hutt to Oxley only son of Mr A and Mrs Jessie Hughan (nee Oxley) of Eketahuna.
(HUGHAN - McDOUGALL: At Wellington, on April 16, 1943, Nan McDougall to Oxley Alexander Edgar Hughan. Oxley Hughan was a sometime film director with the NZ National Film Unit)

A recent wedding, which took place at the Cathedral Church of St. Paul, was that of Marjorie Helen, fifth daughter of Mr. and Mrs. T. L. Barker, Lower Hutt, and Harold Liveing, second son of the late Dr. and Mrs. E. L. Fenn, Alston Court, Colchester England. The ceremony was performed by the Ven. Archdeacon A. L. Hansell, assisted by Canon Davies.
The bride was wearing a model ensemble of turquoise blue with black accessories. A reception was held at the Grand Hotel, the bride and bridegroom leaving later for their future home in South Canterbury.
Evening Post, Volume CXXVIII, Issue 109, 4 November 1939, Page 18

Margot's details as recorded in her 1938 diary were:
Height 5ft 73/4in. Weight 8 St 91/2lbs. Passport No. 77955 issued 2 Mar 1938. Divers Lic No 4H due 11-1-76 Telgraphic Address 2974 Bay.

Margot was active in the National Party in Timaru, secretary of the Gleniti Branch, and in her Church, she was a Franciscan Tertiary. With an elderly husband raised by a Nanny in the Victorian era, most of the work and decisions of postwar child rearing fell to Margot, she was a tireless worker for her family, and in her beloved 1.5 acre garden most of which she created by her own efforts. The arrival of her brother-in-law Van in 1951 was a great stimulus to her spiritually, as Van was well educated biblically.
Margot suffered bravely with cancer for more than 10 years, her selfless attitude to life was an inspiration to many people, she derived great strength from her faith, an optimist to the end.

Margot had a long interest in the spiritual and ethical values of the Order of St Francis, she was a subscriber to their English language publication "Franciscan" from the 1930's. The Order was established in NZ in the 1950's, Margot was professed in the Third Order in 1964, one of the first in New Zealand.

Margo's confirmation certificate includes:
Baptised:"Provisional Adult Baptism 5 Sept 1962 Ronald Plaistow Archdeacon Timaru."
Confirmed: 5th August 1923 by the Bishop of Wellington.
First Communion: 12 Augt 1923 at All Saints Church Kilbirnie.
Signed J H Sykes. Vicar.

It would be hard to better a description of Margo as a person, than the testimony that follows from her daughter-in-law, Joan.
Marjorie Helen Ruth Fenn
Margo Fenn was my mother-in-law - a role she played to perfection although this was a fact that eluded me until years had passed, life had taken many learning curves, and I was mature.
In 1963 Edward and I met en route to the United Kingdom so my initial contact with his mother was by correspondence, which we, over time, did regularly and enthusiastically. This was the foundation of what eventually became a compatible, loving friendship between us. I also corresponded with Margo's sister, Ine, getting to know her, albeit from afar, too. Sadly she died during the time we were returning to New Zealand on board the ship, 'Himalaya'. I had a cape for her in my luggage, which was the particular garment she always wore to camouflage her withered arm. The interest, sincerity and friendship shown by way of correspondence to a young girl whom they had never met were indicative of the Barker sisters' personalities.
Edward's parents, Margo and Harold Fenn, welcomed me into their family, warmly introduced me to relatives and friends, and I grew to have an extremely close and special bond with them, loving them without reservation. I learnt richly from them and I trust I have, in turn, passed on even a little of this knowledge and awareness to our children, Jane and Hamish.
Margo was an intelligent, discerning, modest, kind and wise woman with absolute devotion to her Christian faith. She was well read with an academic inclination. She was tall in stature, slim and had lovely blue eyes.
Unintentionally and unknowingly she introduced me to a different perspective of living that previously had not been part of my environment but which I appreciated and have continued to aspire to.
I have many clear memories; one of which being how she encouraged my new interest in cooking - it was her suggestion I should phone the local radio station for a Chicken Liver Pate recipe (not a usual menu item in those days!). Her freezer was commercial size and always full of an exciting variety of food. Gardening was another interest and subject of which she had a wide knowledge - visible by the very large, lovely flower and vegetable garden surrounding the house on the outskirts of Timaru. Ashamedly now, in my youthful ignorance I re-planted an area in that same garden with totally unsuitable flora. In her infinite wisdom Margo made no comment but certainly must have had many thoughts!
On our parental visits to Christchurch I recall how Margo would so generously loan me an expensive, tan, suede tailored coat which she knew I loved - at that time, as newly weds, we were careful with our finances and my wardrobe had limitations.
Material possessions were incidental to her, especially after she had become a member of the Order of St. Francis. She gave me a lovely square sapphire and diamond ring (from a broken engagement many years before) which I treasure along with two small glass violet vases and a blue felt sewing needle holder. All have different monetary value but are of equal value to me.
I particularly remember her wisdom in being non-judgmental and keeping a 'still tongue' where her newly married young son and daughter-in-law were concerned! An example I often bring to mind, and hopefully follow, now I am a mother-in-law.
She was terminally ill during the years I knew her but never did she complain or draw attention to her health. Edward and I would often be treated to thoughtfully prepared meals but, at this time, even cooking would sap the limited energy she had. Regular visits were made to Christchurch Hospital for blood transfusions to help her cope with daily living.
I treasure the memories I have of Edward's parents; they were my mentors, whom I respected, admired and loved. I look back with happiness and gratitude.
Joan P Baggott 2005

Joan Baggott's sentiments can be appreciated in the light of how both these women reached out to the other:
No4 R.D.
October 14, 1963.
My dear Joan,
It was certainly an inspiration on your part to write and introduce yourself instead of passing it on to Edward. It is such a joy to be able to write back straight away (your letter came this morning) and say how much we are all looking forward to welcoming you into our family circle. I know we will love you as Edward does and for me especially at this time it is a crowning happiness to know that my dear boy has found such a lovely girl to be his wife. The slides he sent arrived on Thursday last and I riffled through them with much impatience till I found the ones of you. Now we have to wait till we can get a crowd together and have a real film evening. Everyone is dying to see what he has been doing with his time and there is quite a sneaking suspicion abroad that he has somehow or another become involved sentimentally. I do hope your parents will feel as happy about our lad as we are about their daughter. As there seems to be nothing official about your engagement yet - I can't ask you for the address but naturally I shall look forward to getting to know them as soon as possible. To think I was so near to you will when I was in Auckland in March and I didn't even feel "vibrations" of all the exciting things that were coming to pass! I am very sorry that I've had to mar Edward's happiness by telling him of my illness. I'd have done anything to avoid it - but knowing my loving son, I know he would feel desperately hurt if I had kept silent any longer. I'm writing this in a hospital room where I await the first of the blood transfusions that will keep me going (I hope for a long time) I am to have a talk with the Medical Superintendent later, he will tell me what I am to tell Ed, so it will be straight from the horses mouth if one can so designate so august a person has a M.S.! I hope so much that what I hear will not mean that E misses out on his European tour. (I forgot to tell him to get some tablets for sterilising water, especially for his teeth but he'll know that I expect as a good soldier, he's done some jungle warfare). You will need the woollies and boots you spoke of buying for the South Island. It is arctic here today after a freezing day yesterday (6" of snow in Southland) the sun is shining anyway, and life seems very good. I think you will like Timaru, it's not an exciting place but the people are very sincere and steadfast types and at the present moment it's beautiful the gardens everywhere are full of tulips and blossom trees and the lawns are all brilliantly green after our foul wet winter. You won't see much snow here - except at a distance but the Southern Alps and our own hills are lovely all through the season. You'll have had quite enough trouble trying to decipher my handwriting Joan, so I won't write any more - but I know my husband and K. join with me in saying "Welcome Joan" and may we see you in our midst as soon as may be!
Ever your affectionate
Margot Fenn.

Mrs E. L. Barker
C/o Maitland Conv Home
254 The Terrace
New Zealand
September 11, 1938
My darling one
Here's a nice reminder of spring (Bluebells) to cheer you up # a health germ goes with it XXX. Harold and I have been having a most lovely day at Guildford in Surrey 28 miles from London. It is a very ancient town and full of interesting things besides having some of the loveliest scenery in England. The trees are all turning now some of them are simply magnificent, and the hedgerows are full of scarlet berries - tell daddy there is a big tree with berries and leaves exactly like his Cotorcaster? Pinosa - I'm going to try and find out what it is - the berry shrubs everywhere made me think of home. I long for news of you all - but there is a mail in tomorrow so mayhap I'll hear then. Do hope the body? is getting well and strong and some sun to shine on you to help you along. All my love darling Mum
From your Margo

Miss A. A. Fenn
2 St Luke's villas
College Road

Taiko RMD.
Timaru NZ
My dear Adria
This is to convey the joyful tidings that you are now the aunt of niece! Katherine Julius arrived a fortnight ago today and today I take my precious infant home! I'm longing to see Edward's face when confronted by his little sister - I believe he has been wild with delight. He wanted a sister so much more than a brother and so of course did Harry - a daughter. Dear old boy he has been housekeeping for himself for nearly 4 weeks since I had to come to hospital a fortnight before the infant was born. However he seems to have managed very well and I hope he has got his hand well in in domestic affairs because I've got no help at all and I expect the going will be fairly hard for a while. I'm fortunate in having another placid baby and one that is making good progress. K is a copper top like me - a funny little scrap at the moment but so was Edward at the same age and now he is huge. I hope we will be able to have some snaps taken ere long. I'm so glad you're pretty jacket will adorn a little girl - so much more appropriate isn't it? It's wonderful to think of you all living in peace again may it not be long before your rations are restored. It will make a vast difference now that the Japs are defeated and there will be more ships available for taking our meat and butter and cheese. I do hope you are happily settled in your new home with your own things around you. How glad you must be to have a home again - the shortage is acute everywhere but must be particularly bad in England. We were vastly interested in your elections - you have a far better government than ours, you know
Much love from all
Written on three parts of a New Zealand Airmail Letter Card , franked Timaru 1945 with an 8d Tuatara stamp on it.

Miss Fenn
17 College Rd
Cheltenham Glos

11 January 1952
Dear Adria
Many thanks indeed for your kind wishes and calendar, we tried to give old Van a real family Christmas and I think succeeded in so doing, but he didn't get any turkey, a rare commodity out here; however the kids roused him up bright and early, but that didn't matter as he was helping out at early H.C. at 7 and 8 a.m. that morning. You really have a wonderful "flair" for picking presents for the children, "real winners" Edward calls them and that's mighty high praise. Van loves picnics; so now the holidays are on, we jaunt out into the country or to the sea side when the weather tempts us; so far our spring and summer have been rather cold and wet. Best of good wishes for the New Year from all the Fenn family and love from us all
Your affectionate brother
Greetings to you both and many thanks for your letter
All letters written on three sides of a New Zealand Air Letter Form franked Timaru.

Miss Fenn
17 College Rd
Dear Adria
This family is much in your debt again two books have arrived for me lately and I am most grateful to you for them. How I envy you your second hand bookshops in Cheltenham - I do love browsing amongst old books and things. I had some glorious "pokes" at the Caledonian market while I was in England but of course never made any real "finds". It was awfully good of you to entertain Miss Ford as you did. She was most grateful for your hospitality. How we laughed at your choice of the word "patient" to describe the spate of words that flows from her kind old lips! H. and I first go to sleep (mentally) and let her have her head whenever she is here. They are both of the deaf now - and anyway not particularly interested . . . . . and she is happy as long as she can talk. Both old brothers are flourishing and both working hard - H. is putting up a fence (timber) 50 yds x 6 ft high - a big job but as labour is our chief expense it won't be so terribly expensive as he is doing it - E. is helping him as far as a one armed man can help. Only another 10 days or so till that plaster comes off his arm and I imagine he'll be pleased as its a heavy thing to lug around with him (I expect Van told you that he'd fractured his wrist at school). I do hope you're having a lovely spring and will have a perfect summer. It's like Midsummer here at present.
Much love to you and greetings to Mrs Rowden
Written on three sides of a New Zealand Aerogram franked Timaru 1955 with a NZ 8d stamp.

Margot wrote to her son, travelling in the North Island, on the occasion of his 21st birthday
No 4 R.D.
Sunday 17th of Sep 1961
Dear old Boy,
Do hope this will be in the letter rack awaiting you at Dargaville, it's difficult to judge the mailing times but I trust you will have a note from me tomorrow on your arrival at Russell. It was grand hearing from Eine. I expect you were nearly as pleased to see her as she to see you and she certainly wrote plenty - wrote again later the same day Wednesday, when she got home from a trip to the Levin and opened the suitcase - dear old Eine - she thought you were a "lovely boy" (so you are when you're asleep). We'll be bombarding you with telegrams on Wednesday so I'll not say more than "don't paint Dargaville too pink" - remember you're a Fenn and a gentleman. The old Fenn is being moderately good, the old devil gave me a lot of work and anxiety yesterday when I had to bulldoze him out of the drain (full of stinking water - pooh) near to the cattle trough. It was a case of monkey brand and soft soap and clean clothes to the bare skin but he is sweet smelling now. Lots of fun at Don Pitt's, he is negotiating for the farm that belonged to Maurice Harper at the Levels and Norman Verity (ex-butcher) is keen on Don's house here. Life is never dull round these parts. Dad and I had just returned from a tea party at Fred Smiths - it's a grey cold day here but they had a good fire on, and a luscious pavlova cake, so we enjoyed ourselves very much. Now K and I are going to church. A large parcel came for you from Sydney parts for a radio set I imagine - it had been opened for examination - some more exam papers and the notice for an army parade today - that's all so far. Mate is pawing the ground at my feet being perfectly adorable. I know he'd send dodgy good wishes to his old "nunky" Ed for his 21st. The time seems to have flown since Tuesday I hope it hasn't gone so fast for you. I also hope that you're getting some good colour pictures. No news of any of your friends - in fact there's no news about these parts and Dad is wondering how I managed to fill two pages.
I'll stop now and get the tea. Hope you had some good citrus fruit at Keri Keri
Much love darling
Your loving Mum
Dear Ed
Happy birthday old bean. Hope you're enjoying yourself as much as I'm not. All the best for the 20th.
Love Kay.

Miss Fenn
Amberley Court
Clarence Square
Glos. England.
My dear Adria,
Kay tells me she is writing to you to so I won't say too much since her mind is much clearer than mine at the moment.
Our dear old Harry went to his well deserved rest on Monday the sixth Epiphany after a period of unconsciousness that really prepared us for the end - the beginning of his glorious life. What a wonderful thing it is to think off - Kay said he looked so lovely and peaceful when she is went to see him.
His funeral service was yesterday taken by his old friend and vicar in Timaru days - Archdeacon Plaistow (our vicar was away) RP prepared Kay for confirmation so I know he would be a help to her and he was to everyone else there from all accounts since he dwelt on Harry's faithfulness - especially to his church and as they were mostly old friend's present (although not necessarily old in years) it was well received. Then most after came here for tea and I was able to have a word with everyone It was a happy occasion in all loving talk of "old Fenny" And rejoicing at his peace after pain.
I've had to stay in bed with this jolly painful face that is the legacy after shingles. The doctor says it could last several months so I'm not going to risk getting a chill if I can.
It's heaven having kind little Kay here but her very presence adds as an incentive to my getting well.
Edward has rung several times from Suva and Joan came down for the night on Sunday the fifth returned next day. Looking so well and with number two little Fenn . . . . . expected for June July exciting isn't it and Harry knew about it.
My eye is very painful so I'll leave K to write more fully.
We shall miss our loved one sharn't we but how we rejoice in his new life.
Fondest love
Written on four sides of New Zealand AEROGRAMME. Jan 1969.

Rolleston Court
35 Cambridge Terrace
Christchurch 1
Saturday 24 January 1970
My darling K.
Thank you for your letter this morning, love you were not feeling a mite home sick where you? I can't imagine you were, or worried about me? Cos you don't need to be. Naturally I miss having you about I'd not be honest if I said otherwise that I'm never a moper as you NO and will thought of you and Pootles being together fills me with joy. Be sure to make the call when you get the phone - collect to me it's almost the only thing I can do for you at present but I've been planning to do a couple of cases of tomatoes for you later on Im sure you'll need the vitamins to help you combat the cold especially later and I can do them very easily in the Vacola so sweetest when you were thinking of Harvey buying me fruit and veggies our thoughts were very closely linked bless your kind little heart and his the dear.
I asked Mr Weir to get me a lettuce yesterday and he got me a nice one albeit with a few outside leaves withered 3/- 30c ! Molly Keith is very good . . . . . fruit and veg at present. I've been there to lunch again today and to the library first jolly good of her, love to you both from them both. Sue departs for Wellington tomorrow poor lamb the unknown school can be a bogey but I hope things will work out well for her
Michael hasn't written since he left home to get to Cambridge eventually. I'm very glad you and E have more imagination and think of the "little white-haired mother o mine" looking for a letter and receiving one with joy. This doesn't tie you down you know but oddly enough as I know, it is one of the things I'm gladdest of all that I did for my family and Daddy while I could. NO BLACKMAIL! Oh a confession - I might have known had I thought for a moment that I wouldn't have two letters from Suva in a week but I was so thrilled to see your writing and Joans that at first went ahead and opened both - silly me (glad I am not Mata Hari! No harm came can come and I've given them your address. What a bargain you've got in your dining table and chairs, this one was very expensive for a mear make up type of wood and it does scratch dear and I'm afraid there is no remedy for a proper scratch. The value of this "wood" is that it doesn't stain or show heat marks a wipe over with wet or dry cloth is enough so Sweetie I can't help you unless you got a proper wood (can't remember names at the moment I am sorry to say) Cedar etc need special care, what kind of bedroom furniture have you got and living room? You've not told me anything of furnishings yet and what of curtains and floor coverings? I imagine the flats
are quite new? Oh I'm so thrilled for you to have a nice home to share with your P and to entertain from.
Barbara was here briefly on Friday and wants me to go back with them when school starts I probably will tho HOME and quiet still exert their magic and I'm never lonely or . . . . . Frank and Sally asked to share a leg o pork tonight but knowing of his lunches I refused, and sure enough I've no appetite left, and such delectability would be wasted on me! Not very nice weather blustery and grey and some rain marvellous letters from all my kind friends keep me busy Ann Brookfield - Barton has a second daughter (in passing) have you the cousins names and addresses Chris Cole Judy & Donald McKenzie Joan & Alex Aitken The J McK's are Joan and Mac I think, I'd write to John and Wendy Bull in Auckland they are generous and John is in the electrical trade I think so the jug could be from them better than not writing for they are kind soles and Wendy bothered to write me a note saying how sorry they were that they couldn't come. Have you chosen your wedding photos yet? I think they're lovely but I'm happy with my little coloured ones. Everyone asks for you - so kind and unobtrusive with their gifts of food, NO news here you ken but I like to dribble on
Fondest love my dear two - from your loving M

Margot spoke little of her faith except to those who shared it, the following is a glimpse of that part of her life.
I first met Margot Fenn entering a hall for Brother Geoffrey's first meeting in Timaru, South Canterbury, in 1962. Her face was alight with excitement and joy as she had not known until the advertisement for the meeting that there had been any friars in New Zealand, although since 1938 she had been in touch with Cerne Abbas. Brother Geoffrey was admitting some Companions on this occasion and I asked her if she would care to become one too. Her answer was symbolic of Margot's total generosity to God "Oh no, Third Order or nothing for me." We arranged to talk this over and this was the beginning of an experience in friendship that stands apart - for Margot herself the start of a spiritual pilgrimage through much suffering and joy until her death.
It is hard to write of her, but that God accepted her offering of herself to use any way He chose for the Honour and Glory of his Name, and for the coming of a Men's Order to New Zealand was obvious. Almost as soon as she had become a novice Tertiary it was found that she had leukaemia and the doctors said had two weeks to live. From then on the fight for health was one and how the devil fought back and tried to overwhelm Margot's courageous spirit. But throughout New Zealand and elsewhere many were praying for her, she stayed close to the Sacraments of the Church and was given strength to care for her elderly invalid husband in their Christchurch flat where so many came just to be with them to ask for help or a share in her prayers. As the years passed and both Harry and Margo became weaker one could only wonder at the way she was able to lift her husband in and out of his chair and continue nursing him - but still the same joy and love for others was shared there and by letter. The marriage of their son and the birth of their first grandchild were doubly appreciated as a blessing they might not have lived to see.
Things were never quite the same after Harry's death, which came at a time of ever greater pain for Margot but she still grew in love for Christ and all his children. She radiated love - her parish priest wrote "I just loved her as a person. Of her great courage, hopefulness and cheerfulness one can speak with the utmost conviction, these are surely marks of a Christ-like life. What a lot she had to contend with! And she never moaned about it. One of those folk who made me feel very humble . . . . . " Another priest who knew her very well for many years wrote of "her experience of Christ which grew over the years in depth, a growth in love in spite of suffering immense pain and of her generosity to all." How many of us in New Zealand received blessings as her acceptance of the suffering? Her intercession list was huge and truly embraced all men and those of every branch of the Church. How grateful she was to be allowed to live to see the wedding of her beloved daughter, and to see the Friars safely established in New Zealand and the first New Zealand priest made novice in Brisbane. The last month of her life she stayed with close friends in Fairlie in great peace and love with them, finally Our Lord came to her in a special way before, upheld by the prayers of these friends, she died in her sleep. May she and her husband rest in peace and all of us be grateful for her life and her friendship.

My dearest Fiji Fenn's,
First Joanie a very big thank you for your share in my elegant winter nightie. It is a valued addition to my collection and a happy reminder of birthday 63 and of Edward's visit to us. Thank you again my dear old fellow for all you did for us - driving us about and above all for the gargantuan job of clearing out the garage. It was jolly good of you. I hope the trip back was uneventful, Joan Wood wrote that she went to the airport to see you. She is very fond of our family (and very good to me). I hope I'll hear soon that Kay reached Invercargill uneventfully, I most thoroughly enjoyed my trip to Geraldine with you old son. What a lovely day it was and both days here have been the same. Lloyd went off to join his farmers party yesterday at 8 a.m. They hope to visit prosperous farms in Otago and Southland before returning on Thursday. It is gloriously calm and peaceful here Barbara goes round the sheep and feeds the stock while I sit blissfully in the sun and catch up with my correspondence. I've found this awful envelope amongst my papers so I'm using it up, it was probably written from hospital, where I was considerably less well than I am now - I'm no great chop even now and my walking ability and general strength is still a lot below par. Still, when I think of the clinic doctors and their general astonishment, I feel I'm jolly lucky and I am certainly not complaining. Fairlie is as lovely as ever - the whole house is warm - my bed is wonderful and I awake in in the morning with the sun melting the hoarfrost of my bedroom windows. There after I follow the sun around till nearly 5 o'clock when it is finished for the day. It was lovely to see your house plans and may it not be long ere you are all united under its roof. I hope N.Z. will not seem too dull after Fiji, but I'm sure there's lots of advantages in a maddening Country - perhaps we won't have Keith for much longer, too. Barbara seems to want to keep me here as long as possible - so I expect I'll be here till mine next clinic appointment & then see what the fairies have provided in the way of a companion. It was wonderful having you and Kay here together, Ed to talk things over. Thank you for all you did under that heading too. I can imagine what a welcome home you got on Tuesday, especially from the children. I hope all had gone well in the firm and that it will continue to prosper. Nothing has happened here of note - but I do want to thank you both for your unselfishness and love. It is a thing to treasure and I do.
Bless you, dears and love to you all
Mother F
One of the last letter's Margot wrote, in a very unsteady hand.

Telegram 29 June 1970
To Miss Fenn, Amberley Court, Clarence Sq, Cheltenham.
Mother died very peacefully Saturday 27th writing soon.
Love Kay.

Medical Notes: Margot whose cancer caused severe anaemia was a patient of an oncology researcher, Dr Guntz at Christchurch Hospital NZ, she was part of an early program developing chemotherapy.

Other Records

1. Marjorie Barker: Her Early Years, 1907 1935, In Wellington & Lower Hutt NZ.

2. Marjorie Barker: NZ and in Europe, 1927 1938. Margot meets Geo VI Wellington 1927, with Sparks on board Tainui, Cold in Scotland, Hot in Cannes France.

3. Marjorie Barkers 1938 Diary: Travelling to and in Europe Part 1, 25 Dec 1937 to 31 Dec 1938. Marjorie Fenn's Diary 1938
Transcribed by her son - 2014
Note this diary has been transcribed using error ridden voice recognition technology.

Christmas Day 25 Dec 1937
Such a happy day my dear ones Dos and Eileen to lunch much joy over mother's presence on couch for lunch (she has strained her ankle) listen to good radio tonight.
Boxing Day
Sunday 26 Dec 1937
Hillman family arrived about 9:30 AM and we set off for New Plymouth very happily stopped for long lunch at Waikanae. Arrived New Plymouth uneventfully at 7:45 PM everyone there very fit dear souls
Monday 27 Dec 1937
To ? for a picnic - topping day and saw many friendly faces - Stu's day somewhat marred by toothache - Doss awfully sweet to us.
Tuesday 28 Dec 1937
To Brooklands in a.m. lazed and played tennis in pm, very hot lovely being in New Plymouth
Wednesday 29 Dec 1937
Left 9:45 am for Auckland lovely day, though dusty in spots arrived about 8 pm nice digs
Saturday 1 January 1938
Auckland wet day - To Point Chevalier in a.m. Mr Pike took me for a long drive in pm to see Barbara Knight and Jock H latter was not in but rang me later - sounds awfully fit. To Onehunga at night. Mr Barkers house 13 Ferryhill Road Mt Eden is great fun the frigidaire shakes the whole house and interrupts my sleep otherwise all is well.
Sunday 2 of January
A topping day - to Mission Bay in a.m. went over by car ferry to Devonport a lovely place with many huge phoenix palms glorious weather beach crowded glorious beaches in Auckland
Monday 3 January
Left for Rotorua about 10 am took our time and arrived at 5 pm, had booked in at Empire but on our way found a delightful "Cosy Cabin" so parked there - 4 bunks and all cooking necessities - baths et cetera for 15/6d a day did the town and shopped before teatime.
Tuesday 4 January
To Whaka in a.m. and Tikitere in pm frightfully hot - Langley and I walked to Roto-Kawau while the others did Tikitere, to Blue Bath's at night.
Wednesday 5 January
Awfully wet - Bathed in Lake and drove about, our cabin is great fun and most comfortable better than camping to see Merle C. but found her away.
Thursday 6 January
Left early for Huntersville gorgeous day and scenery 200 miles odd. Hillman's did not like the Rangitaiki roads arrived 7 pm all feeling pretty dished. Eine and family well, 1st visit to new farm
Friday 7 January
Hillman's left early am. Awfully hot here - busy all day - men are haymaking. Eine has sore feet and is pretty miserable - will not be able to go home tomorrow.
Saturday 8 January
Eine has 2 septic corns and is pretty worn out. Sent for Dr at night Burrett late of New Plymouth Hospital
Sunday 9 January
Awfully hot - went to river for pm. Dr called, Eines toes still pretty messy - has erysipelas in one leg
Monday 10 January
Not going home today Tok H starts for year (17th)
11 January - 16 January no entries.
Monday 17 January
Keim? visited LWH first meeting for year and spoke interestingly sorry to miss that
18 January no entry
Wednesday 19 January
Home by New Plymouth Express, glad to see my family
Thursday 20 January
Gardened hard all day.
Friday 21 January
To town for most of the day planted crocuses at Karori a nice gardener gave me rock plants and a promise of Autumn crocuses.
Saturday 22 January
Betts birthday - mother is still in bed but improving. Back to toil after dinner, several retreatants had arrived - oh hell
Sunday 23 January
To church 8 am awfully wet so had church in Chapel at night - Grr
Monday 24 January
8 people here for retreat went visiting to Mrs Crawford in pm saw beautiful carving and needlework.
Tuesday 25 January
To town in pm - saw shipping people and definitely booked by Tainui on March 30 gardened in a.m.
26/27 January no entry
Friday 28 January
Awful day retreatants left 9 am and S.C.M came at 9:40 am what a life! Nice crowd this time 23 of them. Nesta Wood and Co, Mr MacKenzie. Went home at night
Saturday 29 January
Busy day but enjoying these people.
Sunday 30 January
Sam Wood took Holy Communion in Chapel which I skipped everyone in foul moods Grr and awful atmosphere. How I loathe it - most of crowd departed.
Monday 31 January
Remaining 6 departed - the usual busy Monday
Tuesday 1 February
Forgot to say "Rabbits". Gardened in extreme heat so as to avoid visitors - bad tempers rife.
Wednesday 2 February
Builders in possession Miss Nicholls to lunch to town later
Thursday 3 February
Mrs Ward head to lunch a nice soul in trouble several folk to tea in pm
Friday 4 February
Day off - what joy gardened and messed about at home - got mother up - she can walk a little now. Fellowship at Mrs Taylors
Saturday 5 February
Toc H women arrived while we were having prayers - a nice crowd.
Sunday 6 February
Bishop celebrated for Toc H service - a busy day. Boys help me with dishes. They left 7 pm.
Monday 7 February
Miss Compton Smith arrived early and we went over things together a nice girl. Took my leave with much regret before lunch. Robbie rang at night. Good to be home.
Tuesday 8 February
To town to collect rent etc got form for passport met Sr Milne did some shopping
Wednesday 9 February
Gardened and went through my positions.
Thursday 10 February
Doss came for lunch and I went to town with her - shopped and bought a hat. Mother up more and walking a little. Sir Truby King died - John S called a.m.
Friday 11 February
Poured so no gardening but mended and sorted my clothes. Happy day with mother. Hillman's called - Phil Hillman rang.
Saturday 12 February
A busy day - rained - took Mr Rait for walk p.m. - to movies with father and Mr Hufton called at night Sir Truby King accorded a state funeral.
Sunday 13 February
Slept in a.m. rained intermittently. Hillman's came at 7 pm and took mother and me for a topping drive mother's first outing for ages.
Monday 14 February
Busy day at home still raining LWH at night talk by Brigadier Green of S.A. good attendance for so foul a night
Tuesday 15 February.
Uneventful busy day at home mother walked round the estate and was very thrilled with herself
Wednesday 16 February
Went to dressmaker p.m. chose styles for 5 frocks. Tea with Mrs McMillan.
Thursday 17 February.
Mr and Joyce Bennett came for a short time - to Rima Stevens-Smiths for tea 16 Railway Avenue. Mother dined with Mrs Brimley - Margaret Grant returned from Blenheim - went there for evening
Friday 18 February.
To town pm and much shopping accomplished - how I loathe it. To Fellowship at night at Mrs Wedekinds
Saturday 19 February.
Margaret G came early p.m. and stayed for tea wound my jumper wool and sewed
Sunday 20 February.
Rained hard so stayed home all day Hillman came at night and took mother and me for a drive to Eastbourne had a cup of tea with them later
Monday 21 February
Doss and Nan flew to Nelson. Picked me up at railway station 6:30 pm and I went with them to Raumati. The house is great with all its additions early to bed.
Tuesday 22 February
Frightfully tired and lazy for a picnic to Waikanae went up to see Betty Wilson. Nan's baby is a pet, will weekend with them if possible before I sail.
Wednesday 23 February.
Returned to town had a lovely shopping day with Dossie. Latter came to Hutt with me for tea and returned later.
Thursday 24 February
Bet went to blind picnic at Paekakariki so mother and I had a happy day by ourselves John G came for am tea and signed my passport
Friday 25 February
Gardened hard all day and accomplished much Fellowship at Mrs Williams very good - ? brought me home.
Saturday 26 February
Poured - church garden party postponed sewed all day.
Sunday. 27 February
Eine's birthday. Stayed in all day D and E both rang finished both sides of my jumper a particularly peaceful nice day.
Monday 28 February.
Washed and ironed. Went to Hutt and saw Town Clerk about premises for Tok-H jumble sale - rent free fortunately.
Tuesday 1 March
Said "Rabbits" to town 11 am mother full of beans and we had a happy day. Lunched at Dos and then to "Victoria the Great" an excellent picture mother enjoyed her first outing to town immensely.
Wednesday 2 March
Grr! Mother completely knocked out today Dos rang prior to starting on her holiday and wired late from Dannevirke
Thursday 3 March
Gardened and sewed all day how I am enjoying these days at home. Joan Hoare and Phyllis B came out at night mother improving Bet W rang Doss rang from Napier.
Friday 4 March
Doss rang from Napier to Hutt early a.m. to dressmaker Mary and Mrs Grant came p.m. pleasant p.m. John G and I went for a tramp at night and 8 chocolate biscuits all route. He is going to be ordained on St Patrick's Day. Mac brought my new steamer ?
Saturday 5 March
A good day washed and ironed Bet went to church garden party and Pop to the trots, Mother and I stayed home. Gardened some too, Lou came home at night
Sunday 6 March.
Fearfully stormy day went to John's church 11 am with Mrs D good sermon (Mark 14) Mac H and Doug are were at the Manse afterwards J and Mrs D go to Auckland tonight sewed all p.m. and listened to radio
Monday 7 March
Beastly windy day rather aimless generally sewed far too much and got a rotten head in consequence Bet went to Tok H
Tuesday 8 March.
Still beastly wind which tires everyone to death. My garden is a weathered ruin. Awful morning arranging this damn jumble sale. Ah me. Mother is feeling so much better.
Wednesday 9 March.
To Hutt am and to dressmaker. To town PM with mother to see Fay Compton in "Victoria Regina" very good to Mrs Gresens is for Fellowship at night
Thursday 10 March.
To Joyce at Gays Bay a.m. called in to see Mrs Wedekind's lad en'route happy day bathed and lay inside for an hour boiling sun. To dressmaker at night
Friday 11 March.
Up betimes to town Tok H jumble sale 9am L3 clear profit besides much fun my 1st experience thereof. To Mrs Wedekind at night they are dears.
Saturday 12 March.
A pleasant day at home a telegram from Doss in Auckland meeting Bet to join them later - sewing and gardening a bit
Sunday 13 March
Corporate Communion of Fellowship 8am Quite a few turned up. Pleasant lazy day.
Monday 14 March.
Mother's birthday a stunning day May and John came out and L came work. Lots of presents and love for the dear - same was very happy - to LWH at night where I was introduced Mrs Mitchell Wellington LWH
Tuesday 15 March
To town pm collected last of Hataitai rent and shopped. To Mrs Jamesons at night.
Wednesday 16 March.
Mrs Gillespie came for lunch and p.m. for tea - a cheery day - Dad and I gardened Joyce rang letter from Kessie?
Thursday 17 March.
To lunch with Nell Cullen - a happy day. Rang Robbie and wrote 5 letters John was ordained at Auckland
Friday 18 March.
To dressmaker and Mac came in car and brought us stuff from markets. Fellowship at Mrs Hillman's very pleasant wrote several letters very wet
Saturday 19 March
A wet day - gardened a good bit. Eine rang to say that she & Allan & Judith & John will be down next weekend. Nice letters from Doss in Whangarai
Sunday 20 March
To mums for tea listened to broadcast Clousteu's arrival from England to Cambridge Terrace Congregational church at night to hear Mr Hurst. Walked back with Min and returned in time to catch 10:10 bus
Monday 21 March.
Washed and ironed and did some gardening rather wet day Bet went to Toc H and mother and I had a delightful evening together I painted her mantelpiece John G rang and Nell.
Tuesday 22 March
Robbie came down and we went to the Grand Hotel for dinner.
Wednesday 23 March
To Miss Penny's pm - collected many cuttings and plants. Hectic morning in town buying boat ticket, finance etc.
Thursday 24 March.
To Joyce is for lunch Fellowship at night Miss Penny's - very pleasant tea with Mrs Bennett at Lowry Bay glorious day gardened p.m.
Friday 25 March.
Oxford Group Tok H. Busy day house cleaning etc Eine and Hillman come tomorrow p.m. Doss rang at night just retired from N P L W H - Lady Day sermon John took same a lovely service 6 of us gave me a nice book.
Saturday 26 March.
Busy a.m. to photographers with mother - then into town for a LWH luncheon. Met Mrs Edwards and Miss Bynton from England. Auntie Mabel came out. Eine Allen and family arrived 6 pm.
Sunday 27 March.
Busy a.m. - went to Dave before lunch Alan departed afterwards to church noete. Mr McLeary preached Harvest Festival. To Hillman's for supper most enjoyable
Monday 28 March.
Washed - Doris came out p.m., Eine Bet and children went to the zoo etc. To LWH at night my last - John came and took prayers very beautifully. He had a most hilarious meeting and got soaked coming home.
Tuesday 29 March.
John Gier and Mrs Dawson and Marge Grant came to tea. Mother and I went to John's re-ordination service at night very lovely happy day.
Wednesday 30 March.
John rang a.m. Mrs August Jamieson came for tea. To Lenten service nocte then on to Mrs Guy for a party - very pleasant. Letter from Darling Pete +
Thursday 31 March.
To town with mother in a.m. Met Doss and did business, out to Karori for lunch. To flicks p.m. and to Mrs Meech for tea. To Mrs Taylor for Fellowship - very pleasant Hillman brought us home - brought Beechy
Friday 1 April.
To Mrs Grants to say farewell - Mrs Bennett called and took us to Joyce's fatigue. Pleasant party L1 from J - shopping - Phyllis B came out at night
Saturday 2 April
Gardened. Mrs Hillman and Grant came over with gifts. To town with Mr Taylor to visit Tainui awful old tub. Lunched with T then out to Mr Rait, met wireless operator on Tainui - promises to be nice - fiendishly hot day.
Sunday 3 April.
To church 8 am most of the Fellowship there Alan and Ch arrived for lunch and took Eine and Ch back. St John's Church at night. Awfully hot weather said goodbye to John and Mrs Duncan.
Monday 4 April
To town and met Doss 9 am shopped and out to Karori home 2 pm. gardened and finished packing Nan called for me and took us to boat at 8 pm about 50 were down to see me off - Oh boy - great excitement.
Tuesday 5 April
Glad to rise after a sleepless night ship sailed at 7:15 am glorious day and there appears to be a decent crowd aboard. My cabin mate is charming. Gained one day I'm feeling better, danced at night
Wednesday 6 April
Usual round walked ate and slept mainly nothing extraordinary dull. Sent mother a telegram 5/- for 20 words
Thursday 7 April.
Still rather grey and dull but calm thank God life's damn dull and only 4 days out
Friday 8 April.
Still feeling rather cold, 4th, and Sparks are only my interest.
Saturday 9 April.
Things improving - some sun today drill class again livens things up a bit, passengers becoming more friendly
Sunday 10 April.
To church 10:30 am, taken by a parson passenger no sermon so out by 11am rest of the day exactly as any other. Wrote a good many letters
Monday 11 April.
Amazing the way the days pass - doing nothing except sleep and eat and an occasional game of quoits thrown in. Not awfully keen on the deck games prefer to have my walk round the deck and then to sleep.
Tuesday 12 April
The QM Mr Grimmett friend of the Jenkins is a nice chap and most helpful. Played deck tennis the best of the games, have entered for everything games commence tomorrow
Wednesday 13 April
Getting much hotter now glad to leave off most things. Life is not quite so fine
Thursday 14 April
Awaked 6 am with ships siren announcing our approach to Pitcairn. Great excitement on board Islanders are a poor lot - but their oranges and bananas are better. Lord Nelson gave us a bucketful stout fellow.
Good Friday 15 April
Church 10:30 am quite nice short service but missed 3 hours. Hot, good on top deck. Swimming bath up - but not many bathing, weather more settled
Saturday 16 April
Usual round of games and sleep. Won a few rounds. Romeo and Juliet have joined our threesome
Sunday 17 April
For swim early Holy Communion at 7 am in lounge matinees at 10:30 am singing poor and couldn't hear parson - good session on top deck at night.
Monday 18 April
Getting more tropical am quite brown - but not sunburnt swimming every day.
Tuesday 19 April
Hot - as usual
20 April no entry
Thursday 21 April.
Won some games a restless day played mah-jong all afternoon with Doreen, John Barker and Joe Lambert.
Friday 22 April.
Won golf and tennis doubles, celebrated Romeos win race meeting at night won 5 shillings celebrated some more. To bed late-ish.
Saturday 23 April.
Lost golf and tennis finals. Whoopee night.
Sunday 24 April.
Church 10:30. Parked on top deck with Sparks a.m. Marvellous weather mah-jong evening p.m.
Monday 25 April.
Everyone getting excited about Panama tomorrow. Pictures tonight "Crime over London" not bad good Anzac Day service 11 am quite impressive.
Tuesday 26 April.
Arrived Panama 2 pm, tied up at Panama City. For 3 hours drive - shopped and saw everything, filthy place. To Balboa Bar garden at night - Whoopee - especially later but in bed by 1:30
Wednesday 27 April
Up 6 am to see last of Panama City, glorious weather, trip through Canal most absorbing interesting, through by 2 pm violent weather in Caribbean Sea.
Thursday 28 April.
Feeling about 80% today damn queasy - two days - still blowing hard and half the ship down - wish we were not so near Jamaica.
Friday 29 April.
Great excitement as islands began to appear around 7 am berthed at Kingston 11 o'clock and went ashore for lunch at "Peggy Browns" had turtle steaks plantains etc. Went for a marvellous trip to Blue Mountains 5000 feet 6 hours drive all round a glorious place return to ship at Port Royale about 10:45 - I love Jamaica.
Saturday 30 April.
Had a marvellous night at Port Royale XX home at 5 to find the gangway taken up and had to wait till it was replaced. Sailed from Port Royale at 9 am hugged land for quite a time and still seeing plenty of ships. Feeling very well after and entirely dry day. Saw some marvellous trees and plants at Castleton Gardens - spices, rubber plants, ginger, cloves, teak, cannonball, pride of Burma, cocaine, pride of Sultan, glorious colouring.

4. Marjorie Barkers 1938 Diary: Travelling to and in Europe Part 2, 25 Dec 1937 to 31 Dec 1938. Sunday 1 May
A glorious day warm and blue, to church 10:30 am with Joe. Mah-jong all p.m. as usual - same fun at night - John went to bed early so sat with Joe.
Monday 2 May
Fine glorious weather Gulfstream making sea calm and temperature perfect. Feeling awfully well and very happy - so is John a very loving evening on boat deck.
Tuesday 3 May
A happy day - usual inactivity enjoying swimming again - rather perfect session in wireless room after lunch. Mah-jong p.m. pictures night Tim Walls in Fishermans Bridge? Most amusing to bed early afterwards to re compensate.
Wednesday 4 May
Perfect weather the sea is like a blue millpond Recketts blue hardly a movement in the ship - Sparks and I had a lovely evening on the boat deck temperature 74 degrees.
Thursday 5 May
Received a very loving message from John on awakening to my birthday! More glorious weather cool in the shade most heavenly sun celebrating my 21st birthday today in lieu of June 5th. Doreen 21 to Whoopee party at night - Baker iced my cake and we had 15 for a party after dinner. Received nice gifts. Such a happy evening John X ships concert on, Romeo and Porky marvellous. A glorious day.
Friday 6 May
Cold day resumed woolies children's party p.m. Sparks working tonight so sat with Joe and Harold
Saturday 7 May
Fine again. Everyone busy with preparations for fancy dress dance I dressed as Britannia and didn't look bad. John came and danced and we had a most lovely evening - especially after 12 when we sat on the soaking wet boat deck (awnings taken down) my blue frock is ruined but it was worth it!! Dressed Joe as a Shiek and Harold as Rajah of Bong.
Sunday 8 May
Miserable day everybody suffering from hangovers played mah-jong p.m. Joe and I went to church a.m. marvellous night on top deck with John.
Monday 9 May
Fine but grey and windy played golf packed up early and had a marvellous night.
Tuesday 10 May
Wet and rough - seas rough hateful on deck. Slept till 4 pm. Prize giving in after saloon Doreen won Tote & shouted, pictures at night - Sparks lonely and miserable - so stayed with him for a while.
Wednesday 11 May
Fine and cold - seas still rough race meeting at night saw one race then returned to boat deck - boat drill and much amusement p.m.
Thursday 12 May
Fine thank heavens - so sat and purred and slept on top deck all day - Sparks free - mah-jong in pm with John Barker, Doreen and Joe. Farewell dinner at night a marvellous feed. Sparks and I danced and enjoyed a Whoopi night generally. Won spot dance 5 shillings
Friday 13 May
Cold and foul so no top deck - busy packing a depressing day to many ? and John feeling ill - A cheery sing in the bar at night and a real gathering of the clans - top deck radio house 10:30 pm!!! 38th day of voyage
Saturday 14 May
Great excitement prevails as the first of the English coast appears. Cold and wet tied up at 6 pm. Letters from Mac and Mona letters to Richard , Pat, Dr Ashcroft at Waterloo to meet me. To Whitehall Hotel with Mona. To Corner House for supper by bus and Tube to start with. Came up from Southampton with Bill, Joe and Harold saw wild bluebells. Remember Doss birthday. London is marvellous - Doreen with me and both excited - but hated leaving John this evening.
Sunday 15 May
The first morning in London is a fine one, glad to rise after a sleepless night Doreen and I went to Hampstead to see her cousin. To Richard's flat p.m. for tea he is a dear boy to be married June 4 wrote to John.
Monday 16 May
Slept well - food in this place not quite adequate for my ferocious appetite but very nicely served. Found our way to New Zealand house and met many Tainui friends plus Romeo who took us to lunch at Mrs Brown's little teashop - 12 letters from me - rang A Fletcher wrote home to Mrs Fry - early night
Tuesday 17 May
Had my hair done while Doreen went to bank in Moorgate by tube and narrowly missed being killed in accident. Lunched at Whiteleys with Mona. Tea at P Robinson's with Pat, Mac etc a great reunion shopped at Woolworths for home! Home all evening bed 11 pm
Wednesday 18 May
To New Zealand House for our mail 3 letters from home and one from Miss Hill - to Kew Gardens by Tube lunched there and saw everything squirrels robbins! Tired feet but otherwise enjoyable - tulips noteworthy
Thursday 19 May
Out shopping - bought a costume L3/3/- and a green wool frock L1/1/-. To Blackheath by SR to see Francie p.m. am to go there on staff June 7 for 3 weeks - quiet evening at home with D and Mona Posted letters home plus air mail
Friday 20 May
A great day! Did Kensington Gardens through saw Peter Pan etc Hyde Park St James Park Buckingham Palace Whitehall etc and Westminster Abbey the latter appalling with all its effigies bitterly cold - tea in our own little room most acceptable - letter from Harry
Saturday 21 May
To the tower 11 am via Billingsgate over London Bridge - enjoyed town immensely - ate lunch on Tower green - walked over Tower Bridge to Southwark Cathedral lovely. By bus to Croydon airport - saw many large planes arrive and leave. Home by devious new routes. A most enjoyable day. Found note from John today he'd called and rung - Oh My!
Sunday 22 & 23 May
A perfect day - hot - up betimes (from Samuel Pepys) and to guards Chapel in Birdcage Walk saw Miss Moir the French's there. A magnificent chapel and atmosphere perfect - but hot more so - this latter - than in the evening when Mona and I went to Savoy Chapel off the Strand a perfect gem - set amongst tall buildings a most homely service to. Feel much happier again - but felt awful X - John rang earlier and arranged for us to meet at Olympia this p.m. - a marvellous show and wonderful to see the dear soul again - to lunch with Miss Fletcher at D H Evans most enjoyable - early to bed - bought a hat and blouse.
Tuesday 24 May
Empire Day
Not feeling particularly Empire-ish - rotten cold & throat - to Victoria League and glad to come home and go to bed - wet and cold - but otherwise all right wrote home to . . . . .
Wednesday 25 May
Wet and inclined to be cold-ish - indoors all day cold foul - letter from Romeo - wrote home etc
Thursday 26 May
To dentist 11:30 am and had my front tooth repaired 7/6d - interesting bus ride to Finchley. Met Romeo and Doreen at New Zealand House 1:30 and lunched at Slaters. To Regents Park and zoo for most enjoyable - especially aquarium - dinner at Slaters again to Snow White and 7 Dwarfs later - good - letter from Harold.
Friday 27 May
Out early for shopping. 2 postcards from John from Chester - dear soul - Mona brought her wedding frock. To Chelsea Flower Show after lunch at Selfridge's. Glorious display but my cold spoils everything. Wrote to Joe cancelled our trip to Sussex.
Saturday 28 May
To shops early am and bought 2 frocks and a coat - one for wedding. John rang but could not get out - seems awfully depressed. Lazy p.m. at home sewing and reading - I wrote to John Gielson? - lovely letters from home - letter from Honor Fry - very wet day - brought new purse
Sunday 29 May
To church - Lancaster gate 8 am Harold rang early and arranged with him and Bill to go to Epping Forest - a fair day but rained later - a glorious drive an excellent lunch - Forest lovely - tea at Lyons Baker Street - To Madam Tussards and restaurant - boys came home with me.
Monday 30 May
John, Harold and Bill rang. John and I had a lovely morning together coffee at Marble Arch then on to Chapel of the Savoy for a quiet time saw him off at Charing Cross for Wales and met other 3 at New Zealand house - lunch at Slaters - then on to Science and V&A Museum's for pm. To Mikado first night good voices and costuming - but theatre small - happy night
Tuesday 31 May
Harold rang early - D and I shopped for a kitchen lunch for Mona - great fun - Harrold came up p.m. for cuppa. To dinner with W Smith at Piccadilly hotel - a heavenly night. Took in all round Covent Garden and Soho first - letters from Joan Hoare and
Wednesday 1 June.
Said "Rabbits" - Harold called early and took me to Windsor for the day. J stayed home. Lovely country and passed Eton and saw boys in full toppers. To London and dined at 10 pm. A most pleasant day
Thursday 2 June
Down to Tunbridge Kent by Green bus 9:30 am. Dear Joe met us and took us to his house his mother and sister Mog are sweet a glorious country drive later and most sumptuous tea. A walk over ruined Castle later. Home by 11 pm lovely letter from John in Wales.
Friday 3 June
Went to see rehearsal of trooping of colour at Horse Guards Parade lovely uniforms, horses etc. John rang and came around p.m. topping session. My bridesmaids frock is a flop - home all evening.
Saturday 4 June
Up early for wedding at 9:15 am. Everything went off well and Mona made a stunning bride. Geoffrey Scarlet brought me home afterwards. Found four Air Mail letters and a cable from home and Joyce - long letter from Harold to - Bill rang and we went to Hampton Court for p.m. John joined us lovely place saw grapevine etc and got through the maze safely. Dinner at Cowes House and to Iolanthe - wonderful show though all feeling very tired
Sunday 5 June
John rang to wish me a happy birthday - stayed home all day packing and writing letters. D and I
- forth to dinner at Cowes house later after many adventures to "Break the News" with Maurice Chevalier and John Buchanan - supper after.
Monday 6 June
John and Bill rang early and we met Bill for lunch at Slaters and went to "Engadean Express" a marvellous show. Met John at 6 PM and dined at Pinoldis - gorgeous dinner to "George and Margaret" later lovely - John saw me home XX
Tuesday 7 June
This day seems like a year - John rang and we said goodbye till October. D and I went to Charing Cross after I'd seen Doreen and I caught train for Blackheath. Everyone very nice here - but feeling very strange. Yarned with Sister at night off at 8:30 pm.
Wednesday 8 June
Still feeling very new - but like it all right. Letters from John and Harold - cheered me considerably.
Thursday 9 June.
Usual day - but feeling better on my own today. But not very busy. No letters - but wrote to John Harold and Doreen. To a Theosophical lecture at night mostly a lot of hooey.
Friday 10 June
Busy day - John rang just as his ship was about to leave for Southampton and New Zealand. Felt a bit lonely and letter from Doreen. Spent p.m. on my bed and Francie who leaves tomorrow Joe rang p.m. and came at 8:30 and we walked over the Heath to Greenwich Park - the dear.
Saturday 11 June
Good day - ? and I went to the village to shop. Letter from H Commission invitation to Royal Garden Party - lovely letter from John from Southampton p.m. early to bed
Sunday 12 June.
Easy day though cold-ish - had fair amount of time off - tho couldn't go to church. I wrote and I went for a bus ride and walk to Jack's Hill after 9 pm - up Shooters Hill - lovely evening wrote to A Fletcher and H Cross?.
Monday 13 June.
As usual off at 8:30 ish - good day - . . . . . departed to her case - lovely letters from Harold and Joe at night - plans to go to London tomorrow with Brooks a Scotch (sic) girl - letter from Doreen in Ireland
Tuesday 14 June
Day off unexpectedly as I was going on duty - so got back to bed for brekke - Brooks and I went to town and thence by launch to Richmond - lunched there and lay in Richmond Park and slept. Back to town via Kensington High Street and saw St Mary Abbot's church - dinner C house thence to open air theatre for Midsummer Nights Dream at Regents Park - home 12:30 and found letters from home Southwark Cathedral again.
Wednesday 15 June
Slept well off from 2:30 to 8:30 and until 11pm relieving - wrote home and to Joe and Harold and John etc - off late and rather tired. Letter from mother by mothers hand.
Thursday 16 June
Another marvellous mail from New Zealand letters from everyone and Jessie M - glorious weather -wrote some letters and retired early nothing of note occurred.
Friday 17 June.
PC from Doreen - easy day went to village p.m. posted Air Mail to John at Panama 9d (8-12 days) (Jamaica 7-11)- wrote home and Air Mail to mother - early night
Saturday 18 June.
Letters from Francie and Mona - marvellous day - Harold rang 6 pm and arrived up at 8:30 went walking later. Doreen came home from Ireland and came in for dinner here. Harold and I took her to station and then went for a bus ride to Plumstead Common - marvellous evening.
Sunday 19 June.
Rested p.m. Harold arrived 7 pm and we went walking in Greenwich Park - saw Observatory Royal Naval College etc - sat on Heath till bedtime.
Monday 20 June
Day off and a glorious day met Harold at station, we went to Virginia Water for the day - great fun slept in the sun and shade and of the trees till 4:30 pm. Lunch at the Wheat Sheaf Hotel. To Pinoldis for dinner and wandered Whitehall, Soho etc after. Home 11 pm after some cider at his digs.
Tuesday 21 June.
Busy day but quite good Harold arrived 9 pm after day at Wimbledon and we went walking he goes to Rottingdean tomorrow.
Wednesday 22 June.
Darling Joe rang from Tunbridge wrote to him - home and John - rang Doreen p.m. Mac rang and asked me to supper at Chislehurst on Sunday. Harry leaves 4:30 pm Royal Albert Dock Liverpool Street station.
Thursday 23 June
On duty so Doreen saw Joe off didn't sail till 7 pm - Brooks and I went to Hiawatha at the Albert Hall a marvellous show - home 12:30 - doggo - photo came from home jolly good.
Friday 24 June.
Sizzling hot day and woke to find my gold filling out to dentist p.m. Mac and Doreen came in. Weary unto death tonight wrote to Harold letter from him at night.
Saturday 25 June.
Awfully hot and tired all day and thanking God I'm not staying longer. To bed early wrote to Joyce.
Sunday 26 June.
Awfully busy day hectic p.m. Mona and Richard came out - Caught 7:40 train from New Cross to Chislehurst and had dinner with Mac - lovely place and fresh strawberries - home at 12 laden with free lunch
Monday 27 June.
An interesting day packed - letters from Mogg and Doreen - Mary cut my hair at night - marvellous mail from home Mother Bet Doss and Margaret.
Tuesday 28 June.
Pouring with rain and jolly cold - busy morning Doreen rang a.m. Left Stonefield 3:30 pm in Mrs Williams car J met me at Charing Cross letter from Harold on arrival - good to be back - to dinner with Mona and Richard - very happy
Wednesday 29 June.
Tired today but off out early to sales bought gloves for Joyce etc wrote Kate, Peggy etc in evening and early to bed
Thursday 30 June.
Left fur? coat at Whitley's in coat (cold?) storage. Photo in 5 positions? 20 - LWH - All Hallows and to service at St Olaves at 1 pm lovely - back at 3 to find telegram from Harold who arrived 6 pm to stay - home all evening
Friday 1 July.
Doreen Harold and I met Mona at New Zealand House and to Slaters for lunch saw the Richardsons there and had some chat - to Caledonia market p.m. a most amusing experience - bought tomatoes and lettices for tomorrow's lunch.
Saturday 2 July.
Up early brekkie at 7:15 to Victoria by 8 am to Paris by Folkestone Boulogne route one and a quarter hours by sea perfect crossing, hot train journey - gorgeous strawberries and peaches at Boulogne Station - went for a walk before dinner and got our bearings. Called at Cooks 9:45 and got seats for nightclubs - awful mostly but some quite interesting and Follies Bergere - very good lots of nudes - I loathe the white wines though, home by 2:30 awfully tired slept spasmodically - Hotel St Petersburg
Sunday 3 July. (Margot was with Harold)
Brekkie in bed 2 large eggs and bacon up by 10:30 and Cooks trip to Mal Maison Napoleon and Josephine's residence 1807 thence to Versailles for lunch which was large and gorgeous to the Trianon Palace, saw fountains glorious scenery and altogether happy day home at 7 and a bed early
Monday 4 July.
Up at 10 am after petit-dejeuner in bed croissants and coffee mumm! For bus ride round city am and pm visited Notre Dame, Madeleine, Palais de Justice, Napoleon's tomb, etc etc - rained like the deuce - had an amusing time ordering tea. To bed early after writing many PCs.
Tuesday 5 July
Breakfast in bed - to Eiffel Tower a.m. and to Louvre p.m. saw marvellous things in latter Winged Victory - Venus de Milo - Gleaners - Mona Lisa etc shown by most interesting guide - tiring trip from Gare Nord - rough seas and glad to get on Southern train - home 11:30 pm to find Air Mail from darling John from Jamaica and from Mac and Peggy.
Wednesday 6 July
Letters from John Gill and mother this a.m. - to Cheapside to buy our car 85 pounds got my English licence lunched Harold and Doreen at station
Thursday 7 July.
Packed in preparation for tomorrow - went to town and shopped a bit - wrote to family Joyce etc rang Mrs Fletcher - to bed early. To be joined by Nancy Skelton NP
Friday 8 July.
Up and away by 10:30 George took us as far as Hendon pouring day but feel light-hearted - through glorious country stopped at St Albans and saw Cathedral and stopped at Royston for tea - arrived Cambridge 4:45 pm and found B&B place. Went out and saw colleges and chapels had an awful meal at Marks & Spencer.
Saturday 9 July
Slept well in quite fair digs - up 8 pm and departed early after good breckkie - saw remainder of colleges and glorious King's College Chapel best stained glass and stonework I've seen yet - to Ely and Norwich saw Cathedrals there - to Sandringham etc etc p.m. at Kings Lynn for 3 pm and saw a carnival. Landed at Stacey and put up a very noisy hostelry pretty tired slept 3 in a room
Sunday 10 July
Good breckkie and were on our way to Yarmouth by 10:30 am wet & cold stopped at Yarmouth and inspected the parade piers etc - crowded and awful sent H a postcard from there - then Lowestoft & Ipswich etc stopping for tea at Ufford - a spot of bother over a room but eventually found a good farm house at Kirby-le-Soken and stayed the night
Monday 11 July
Left 10 and on to Frinton-on-Sea quite nice seaside place - Clacton awful! South end - Tilbury ferry to Gravesend - lovely evening - to Rochester - letter from Mac. Had a good meat meal - out to Hartlip where we slept in one bed very comfortably
Tuesday 12 July.
Up at 8 AM and made off early without breckkie - back to Rochester and Chatham and saw the castle and cathedral the latter very lovely - Norman - ate pork pies in the park - onto Canterbury and saw Cathedral. Evensong there - exquisite - lovely town - night at farm house at Ash.
Wednesday 13 July.
Left at 10:30 in glorious sunshine to Sandwich - first puncture at Ashford helped by men - Deal Dover - Folkestone - quite decent coastal farms - through Rye & Hastings without stopping at Eastbourne for dinner and night at pub at Berwick in Sussex.
Thursday 14 July.
Left 10-ish after a comfortable night through Newhaven to Brighton - Arundel - glorious Castle but couldn't get in - beautiful county - to Bognor - awful full of trippers - Chichester - old Cathedral but very garish and unappealing. Portsmouth - awful crowded and poor - spent night comfortable at East Meon in Hampshire farmhouse.
Friday 15 July.
Away 10ish and inspected a Norman church in the village - Winchester in pouring rain did Cathedral very thoroughly a lovely place looked at college from outside - saw King Arthur's round table - loved Winchester - to Southampton a lovely place and so to middle of new Forest where we spent a comfortable night in Dick Turpin Inn - Stoney Cross with people who had lived in New Zealand.
Saturday 16 July.
Then New Forest marvellous trees and perfect villages - Burley - Lyndhurst - To Beaulieu Abbey and church 1204 - built by King John to Salisbury Cathedral for Evensong glorious - Jane Austen's grave in Salisbury Cathedral - Wiltshire is a delightful county. Lunch in town and had an amusing time trying to find B&B Mrs Wellington refused us repose at her very suspicious or doubtful residence - but we found fair digs at Combe Bennett - most glorious evening.
Sunday 17 July
Glorious fine hot day - up betimes to Holy Communion in the village church - away from our digs by 9:30 and then most lovely country Codford & Sling - saw NZ and Aussie badges on hillside - Stonehenge - poppy fields and wildflowers galore. Lunched in a hay field home 4 pm and to bed early after much spring cleaning and great to be in London again.
Monday 18 July.
Letters from John and home etc etc tired this a.m. but up early at 9 ready for royal garden party - marvellous affair saw all the royals except the Duchess of Kent - very closely - wore my blue bridesmaid frock - Mona rang my proofs came - letters from Harold and Moria.
Tuesday 19 July.
Up betimes and were away by 10:30 posted am mail to mother and John also other letters home - Aldershot - then Winchester and Salisbury again where we stopped. Spent night at a delightful spot called "Sims Dyke" with interesting people wrote to L, WH etc.
Wednesday 20 July.
Tarried talking till late and sat by wayside writing till 12:37 enjoyable day just fooling - then New Forest again - Bournemouth lovely - Poole pottery works and the aquatics carnival - Swanage - Corfe Castle - marvellous Dorset scenery and blue seas - night in a Dorset thatched cottage (and thatched Dyke! (WC)) and No Bath. Dorset is amongst lovely country from Lulworth, white horse carved in chalk hill.
Thursday 21 July.
Away by 10 through most lovely country - always with a view of the sea blue and glorious - to Weymouth a nice beach - Portland Bill - lighthouse - to Doncaster for lunch. Visited a nice china shop. To Cerne Abbas (church) and into Sherborne (Abbey) a beautiful place and quaint town - through glorious scenery to Pinho 3 miles from Exeter for night still no bath - but new and beautifully clean
Friday 22 July.
To Exeter Cathedral for Matins liturgy and later heard Holy Communion beautifully sung postcard to Stu. Then glorious country to Chagford - Rev and Mrs Holmes - saw lovely old church - Teignmouth and Dawlish for tea rather less crowded place. Red soil is fascinating. Parked in quite pleasant spot in Teignmouth
Saturday 23 July.
From Torquay some of the most pleasant spots yet - glorious sea views blue sea and sun. Wildflowers marvellous everywhere and sea as blue and gold and purple - Devon is a beautiful county fields marked out in multicoloured handkerchief squares - red soil predominating. Then Dartmouth (perfect) to Plymouth (Hoe) with its Amada associations over several ferry's to Looe Cornwall cream tea at an odd farm house. Spent the night at a delightful farmhouse at Lostwithiel - Mrs Berryman, and slept well.
Sunday 24 July.
Up for brekkie at 10am much refreshed some interesting chat with hostess. Then not very interesting country dull stone houses and few trees - Truro awful Cathedral shut - to Lizard - South point of England and Lands End - sea blue and sun hot. Then Penzance not interesting - glad to park at a funny little place at Porthleven with kind people.
Monday 25 July.
Left 9:30 with impression that Cornish people are generous and hospitable. Felt mouldy the pouring rain and dull country. Glad to leave Cornwall at Hartland and into North Devon at Bideford - some pretty places en route. Dined at Barnstable. Walked in rain to see King Arthur's Castle at Tintagel - lovely coast - also at ....... Sands where we spent night
Tuesday 26 July.
To Clovelly a lovely little village lovely country and seascape to Woolacombe Infracombe Lynton Valley and rocks glorious scenery - the loveliest yet Doon Valley Heather Hills with Somerset - Taunton Glastonbury saw Abbey and Woking Hole and Wells then a fierce thunderstorm and rain spent night at Wells with an entertaining Frenchwoman.
Wednesday 27 July
On our way early in the time for Choral Matins and look at Cathedral clock with moving figures is the only one thing of great interest. Then Cheddar Gorge to Bath Abbey - good glass and Roman baths and pump room. Then Bristol to Gloucester the night rain slept in one room thatched dyke!
Thursday 28 July
Left quite comfortable digs to visit Gloucester Cathedral cloisters especially noteworthy bought some white shoes and 2 uniforms then Chepstowe and Wye Valley Tintern Abbey most glorious scenery to Monmouth and Herefordshire - saw Cathedral here and had an awful time finding a meal. Spent comfortable night in Little Stretton near Shrewsbury.
Friday 29 July.
On our way disappointed to find only 2 local letters paper from mother at Salop onto Wales - most lovely country Snowdon and the Llanberis Conwy Caernarvonshire Menai Bridge castles and glorious seascapes - mountain scenery and waterfalls then Rhyl to Chester 8 pm. To Duke of Westminster's country seat Eaton Hall, spent night in a hotel posted a letter to John V.
Saturday 30 July.
Spent night in a hostel N and I slept together on a settee - out and about and round the city wall most interesting - brought some etchings - lunched at an Elizabethan Inn - spent 31/2 hours in Cathedral marvellous place and choral Evensong - Chester is the loveliest city yet full of old half timbered houses To Birkenhead and through Mersey Tunnel wonderful to Liverpool! Preston onto Lancaster for the night at the Boot & Shoe Inn
Sunday 31 July.
Collected letters from home and Harold (X). To Lancaster Kendal Windermere lovely lakes all but spoiled by rain saw Wordsworth and Southeys homes etc at Rydal and had a good lunch at Prince of Wales where sun came out and we saw the glorious beauty of the place - night near Carlisle.
Monday 1 August
Glorious day and we could hardly tear ourselves away from Carlisle a lovely spot - Gretna Scotland amusing time at blacksmith shop on to Fenwick for night stopping for lunch and sleep at a most pleasant spot - most glorious scenery locks hills and heather spent night at Fenwick.
Tuesday 2 August.
To the exhibition at Glasgow 11am not such a crowd exhibition exactly as any other NZ court good lunch at a nice cafe then off to Loch Lomond Ben Lomond glorious scenery again and perfect day and locks are extensive and picked white heather and raspberry's puncture on Rest and be Thankful Hill amusing time having it fixed - slept in car as we couldn't get digs.
Wednesday 3 August.
Slept little and were glad to start again at 6:30. Fort William for brekkie - good! Fort Augustus wild raspberry's and strawberries for lunch by Loch Ness - glorious day rang William from Post Office letter from Mac lovely old town Mrs Macante? Kyle of Lochalsh decided to drive partway to Skye and drove over 50 miles without finding a bed finally knocked on an old couple and slept on the floor - no car! For 60 hours we have lived in our clothes
Thursday 4 August.
Away by 9 am after a trying night no sanitation - much kindliness - car behaved badly and we found dry batteries. Drove to Skye and found 16 shillings ferry fees to high so returned by the same route flies too troublesome to let us rest but we washed by the roadside - to Inverness and met Willie at the Caledonian hotel - delightful evening. Took us out to Culluden Moor glorious sunset +++
Friday 5 August.
Willie called for us and 9:30 and we went to Gairloch for the day 160 miles in all through most glorious country blue locks trees waterfalls craggy hills and mountains and overall glorious sunshine. Lunched at a most delightful hotel overlooking the sea and had various drinks. Very happy day wrote to Bulls and John Barker thunderstorm at night.
Saturday 6 August.
Tired next am - left 10:30 charming landlady - to Braemar via Balmoral Castle beautiful country again miles of moors then trees and parks worthy of England - then Blairgowrie to Perth where we beat down our landlady to 5 shillings and spent an amusing time our friend dining with us etc.
Sunday 7 August
Set off from Perth in the rain which soon cleared and we had a lovely drive to St Andrews - a delightful seaside place. The famous course is very surprising and humble. Had to buy a new tire there. On to Falkirk where we were most hospitably received by Mrs MacGregor - dear Mr MacGregor ran several films for us at night.
Monday 8 August.
Left 10am by Linlithgow & South Ferry and saw the Forth Bridge clearly - on to Edinburgh there at 11:30 and found 2 letters from Mr Tom who was leaving for North that day - rang him - saw over Castle War Memorial and St Giles Cathedral. Memorial is marvellous - Cathedral contains R.L.S. Memorial - stayed with a very sweet soul in King Street and early to bed.
Tuesday 9 August.
Shopped in Edinburgh which is a most lovely city - beautiful flower beds and floral clock and monuments - left early and saw city and Holyrood Palace -want to return someday. On our way to Durham where we arrived 6 pm and saw town and Cathedral (very lovely Norman) put up at Duke of Wellington on road to York.
Wednesday 10 August.
On road to York via Fountains Abbey and Studley Park - saw Minster exquisite glass and quaint old town. Ripon Cathedral too, 670 A.D. very beautiful - curfew rings for both these old towns - horn blower at Ripon - night at York city.
Thursday 11 August
Explored the town thoroughly some very interesting homes - town and walls etc but not comparable to Chester. Bought 2 aquatints. Left 2 pm and came via Selby - visited Abbey - a lovely old Norman church - organ playing - lovely War Memorial and Windows. Slept at Southwell in Notts very happily read A J Russells "Christ comes to town"
Friday 12 August.
Saw Southwell Minster a beautiful Norman church with Norman font. Then some beautiful scenery Sherwood Forest Chesterfield (crooked spire) Leicester -Quorn hunting country - Duke of Portlands estate Haddon Hall etc Derby Rugby spent night near Warwick in terrific thunder at Cubbington
Saturday 13 August.
Through to Leamington Spa and Warwick (lovely old town) to Worcester Cathedral (Woodbine Willie Elgar etc. Saw over pottery works too expensive to purchase though. Back to Stratford saw "Macbeth" in Memorial Theatre. Saw all the tombs sites beautiful old town and lovely gardens everywhere - posted letters to home Chris and Jock H put up for night at a farmhouse in Warwick, Combe Cottage.
Sunday 14 August.
Breckkie at 10 and were away soon after to Banbury where we ate cakes (delicious) and so on to Bicester Edge Hill and Oxford - saw 12 of the 21 colleges including Exeter - delightful city - glorious beach forests returning via Windsor Staines and Runnymede. Letters from Harold Mona and Katie, awfully tired.
Monday 15 August
Up and washed extensively then back to bed for the day. D went shopping and brought back Air Letter from John in NZ, Max G and Mogg and paper from home. Terribly tired rose for dinner. Nan came in - letter from Harold - wrote many letters
Tuesday 16 August.
Feeling better to Mona's for lunch and dinner concert Tchaikovsky at night. Restful day
Wednesday 17 August.
Lovely exploring day all by self - met Helen Atkinson in Tube to NZ house and wrote letters and read papers. Then shopped along the Strand - Fleet Street - Lincolns Inn Fields - Middle and Inner Temples - Temple church -(Goldsmith's grave d 1774) - St Clement Danes oranges and lemons and St Dunstan's to the West - Cheshire Cheese restaurant - (John on his monument in St Paul's) also Sir Arthur Sullivan died 1900 also to Robert Scott etc Evensong at SP explored Fleet Street.

5. Marjorie Barkers 1938 Diary: Travelling to and in Europe Part 3, 25 Dec 1937 to 31 Dec 1938. Thursday 18 August.
Up be times and caught green bus H to East Grinstead to Peg at Bexleyheath. Happy day there returned 8 pm to find note from Harold who himself called late and we made plans for the weekend.
Friday 19 August.
Stepped off at 11 and had lunch and caught 1:50 train to Ryde Isle of Wight via Portsmouth - saw Victory there. Found digs and then Tea'd and did the town - not a bad place though cold - watched Punch & Judy show and ventriloquist and to bed about 9:30
Saturday 20 August.
Rather a sleepless sort of night but out early - caught train to Newport and missed? To Carisbrook Castle - an interesting place - the residence of HRH Princess Beatrice (daughter of Queen Vic) who is Gov of the Isle of Wight - saw donkeys turn a treadmill to draw water then went through a very interesting old church, then lay in the sun and burned till time to go home. To bed early and slept well
Sunday 21 August
A glorious day but we did not hurry up and so missed train for Freshwater caught another via Sandown later - and explored South coast in the sun there. To Alum Bay and The Needles for lunch. Rained so we came home.
Monday 22 August
Alum Bay is a delightful spot coloured sands we saw The Needles as we came up the Solent on May 14 - am so happy here and hate the thought of going back today caught 10:20 train and lunched and walked in St James Park St Margaret's etc before I saw Harold off at Liverpool Street at 5 pm. He gave me a lovely Prayer book.
Tuesday 23 August
Slept well - though felt lonely! Went and interviewed Miss R re a job 6 Pembridge Place - may start their later tho salary is poor. Nan came in evening packed my bags and wrote letters
Harold left for Switzerland.
Wednesday 24 August.
Met Nan early at Liberty's and explored it and other shops thoroughly. Lunched at Boots thence to Royal Mews - very enjoyable - to Lambeth Palace - closed - then through city to home - letter from Harold. John G left for Sydney.
Thursday 25 August.
Wrote letters all am - later went to Golders Green to call on Mrs Taylor dear old soul - spent a cheery homely p.m. and returned 7 pm. Spent a restless night in a strange house next door - letter from Khan and my letter to John at Panama returned unclaimed.
Friday 26 August.
This am to Olympia for radio exhibition - very good especially television. Note from Mona on arrival home wrote to John at Panama. To prom concert at Queens Hall at night - Beethoven work - stood all the time - Sir Harold Wood conducting - found marvellous mail from John V and home when I returned at 12ish.
Saturday 27 August
Wrote letters a.m. Richard rang and I went to Mona's for lunch and tea - sunbaked at Norman's flat and typed in wrote letters. Letters from Harold and Mac on arrival home 12
Sunday 28 August.
To church it 8 am at Bayswater wrote letters and slept all p.m. To City Temple (Grays Inn Tube) p.m. lovely service with a Yankee taking. Wrote about 10 letters.
Monday 29 August.
Card from Harold with a lovely stamp on it he is enjoying Switzerland immensely D & I spent ages exploring Westminster Abbey and Cloister Chapels. Saw over Westminster School - where Wren, A A Milne etc etc attended. To see Miss Williams p.m. and subject to health report I may go to Cannes? Francie rang p.m.
Tuesday 30 August
Miss Main rang a.m. she is going back to New Zealand soon. Mona and I went to Caledonian market all a.m. bought some fish knives for John H. Home all p.m. and wrote letters to bed early.
Wednesday 31 August.
Found cable from home saying that Mops had been separated on 24th poor sweet. To Chislehurst 4 pm and dinner - lovely. Lovely letter from Harold on return - also Miss Brown - Mogg - Miss Hall etc on Tuesday.
Thursday 1 September.
Said "Rabbits" - received note from Dr Pink re vaccination went to Harrods - shopped at Notting Hill Gate and banked my cash at PO - to Tate Gallery Westminster Hall etc p.m. Mona rang, letter from Kate none from home to bed early
Friday 2 September.
Nan and Dr Pink rang - Doreen left for Cooks tour of central Europe 9 am Mona came for lunch and we went shopping after seeing someone off at St Pancras. I then went to Blackheath where Dr P vaccinated me. Nan and I walked home.
Saturday 3 September.
Fooled and shopped all a.m. to "Tobias the Angel" at open air theatre p.m. with Miss Smart - awfully good enjoyed Regents Park Gardens after - rather lonely evening at home. No mail from New Zealand which worries me.
Sunday 4 September.
To St Martins in the Fields a.m. very good (with Nan) lovely day though winter is on its way. To Golders Green to tea and Miss Taylor later to church after - most enjoyable.
Monday 5 September.
Letters from Kate Harold and Doreen - H returns on Wednesday. Tried to ring Nan a.m. to Katie's at Tadworth p.m. - a most enjoyable p.m. Returned to town 7 pm and had a hasty meal before meeting Nan - we went to Carmen at the People's Palace. Good in some respects but disappointing generally.
Tuesday 6 September.
Lovely mail awaiting me at 12 md - letters from John V, Mother etc 1 pm before I settled to sleep. Today explored All Hallows and sundry other spots. Nan and I went to "A Yank at Oxford" at night letter from Harold at night.
Wednesday 7 September.
Went round to Golders Gate where Nan set my hair very nicely. Wrote home and to Phil H - Harold arrived 4 pm from Switzerland looking very well - the dear - talked and had an early night. Clippings from John V.
Thursday 8 September.
Re-packed bags! Then Harold had to see about his boat and by some hankies? We lunched at 'The old Cheshire Cheese" awfully expensive, went to Pats at Highgate with Mac and Mona. To operetta N Coward with Harold at night explored Cornhill etc some good churches there.
Friday 9 September.
Rang Helen Atkinson - to town early lunched at Slaters. Caught 2:20 bus to Guildford and stayed at Ye Angel Hotel - an ancient hotel - explored the old town at night but it was cold so we returned at 10 pm.
Saturday 10 September.
For a walk a.m. - seeing churches Castle etc glorious sun. Home for lunch and then out to Hindhead ahead a lovely spot on the Heath and picked heather and was happy with Har-War-Too (Harold Fenn) - Surrey is very beautiful with glorious views from high levels - the trees are turning too and hedgerows full of red berries - wish I knew their names. To bed early feeling pretty awful with Percy? and vaccination which has raised a huge lump in my groin.
Sunday 11 September.
Had breakfast in bed after a good night sleep. Up in time for 11 am service at the Cathedral. To Compton in the Watts country pm glorious little village and pottery works and a mausoleum and a gallery of Watt's pictures - wonderful country everywhere postcard to mother.
Monday 12 September.
Feeling awful this a.m. - leg is huge and throbbing dreadfully - left Guildford at 10:30 to White Hall by 12 and packed my bags. H and I lunched at Lyons and then sat in Victoria Embankment Gardens till 3:30 pm - hated saying goodbye to the darling. Mogg met me at tea and we had a most pleasant evening.
Tuesday. 13 September.
Sat in the garden in the hot perfect sunshine. To tea p.m. at Monks Cottage charming people the Elmore's. To bed early postcard from Doreen a.m. leg seems a bit better perfect day.
Wednesday 14 September.
Letters from home am plus Harold and Mrs Taylor. To hop gardens p.m. and picked hops for 2 hours and saw oven in Oast house - great fun. Toured the bigger gardens in the evening.
Thursday 15 September.
Mr Chamberlain flies to Germany today to see Hitler. Letters from Harold and H Mores. Perfect weather. To Penshurst Place the home of Lord D'Lisle and Dudley - heavenly place - to tea at Mrs Harris - very delightful drive in the countryside. Wrote to Harold. Letter from him and H Mores.
Friday 16 September.
Gardened a.m. To Tunbridge Wells p.m. to shop. Saw most interesting ? including Bowen? Mill. To church presentation at night met a Rev Child a friend of Bishop Holland. Awfully tired.
Saturday 17 September.
Doreen returns today. Beautiful weather - Simp & Molly came for tea and stayed till 10ish. Elsmore - Monks Cottage Hildenborough Kent
Sunday 18 September.
To St Saviours 8 am and to visit an old couple the Samways at night. French ministers arrived here to talks with Chamberlain at 10 Downing Street in complete agreement with him. Letter from Harold.
Monday 19 September.
Went for a delightful picnic in Ashdown Forest and had lunch visited then such delightful spots as Groombridge Windy Side Ashurst - home for visitors p.m.
Tuesday 20 September.
Caught 2 pm train home collected mail from NZ plus some at W Hall will stop Harold is here too. Doreen and I went to Mona is for the evening. Slept badly and have a foul headache.
Wednesday 21 September.
H and I breakfasted together. Then he went off to Castlethorpe and I stayed in and wrote to Harry and Mogg. Rang Mrs Fletcher - wrote H Fry etc yesterday and sent off my certificates.
Thursday 22 September.
Still have a foul headache but my leg is healing. To Mrs Taylors for tea p.m. - her daughter was there. To bed early.
Friday 23 September.
Letter from Harold a.m. met him at 10:15 at Euston - packed our bags at Liverpool parked our bags at Liverpool Street and went to King George V dock to view the Arawa jolly good boat. Lunched at Corner House thence to train and at 3:40 for Ipswich. Put up at ? rather lovely place and went walking at night. Slept well despite a dance on at the hotel.
Saturday 24 September
Today went over Christchurch Mansion 1553 an ancient house and Park. Saw several dull churches and thence to Felixstowe by bus 12 miles spent a happy evening at home and to bed early. Czech situation grave. Mr Chamberlain returned from his 2nd trip to Germany with an ultimatum for Czech's which they will probably refuse.
Sunday 25 September.
Up 9:30 after a good night's rest. Took lunch from here and went to Felixstowe again. Rained but it didn't matter we were so happy. To church 6:30 pm - good singing to bed early.
Monday 26 September.
Left Ipswich 9:30 and caught train to Colchester where we had an hour's wait so walked about the town and visited churches etc - thence by bus to Nayland and spent a most happy day. Ha-wa's sister Adria being very sweet - walked one mile to Wiston Church a sweet place - where H played on one of the two barrel organs in England in a perfect moment.
Tuesday 27 September.
Home on 9 train at night Wrote to Harold John and home - war scare very close now - got our gas masks today. To Wallace Collection magnificent things - listened to Chamberlain's speech 8 pm
Wednesday 28 September.
Ghastly news that Hitler intends striking at 2 pm today - atmosphere tense - trenches being dug in all the parks and sandbags everywhere. I stayed in as I expected John to ring - Tainui is due in. Mac G rang me and asked me to join her with Miss McKibbin's children at Petworth - which I accepted most thankfully and wired Ha-Wa to tell him and received one back.
Thursday 29 September.
Magnificent news and such a relief to hear that Britain Italy and France will meet Hitler today anew in Munich. Francie rang early to say that we wouldn't go to Petworth. The relief of all this tension is amazing. Mr Chamberlain has made a magnificent bid for peace. I met Ha-Wa at Liverpool Street station at 10:23 and we went to Bank etc together - oh dear this parting is going to be hell. I wrote letters and walked in Hyde Park till he came to Whitehall for dinner and spent the night.
Friday 30 September
It was very depressing and mouldy - but got it over with result that I saw him off at Waterloo quite creditably at 10:06 am went to Westminster Abbey after ringing Mac (news had come through of the peace pact) I met Mac and we shopped at Harrods. Then dined at Pinolis to ? for Dominoes - home at 12
Saturday 1 October.
Up be times to pack before going to Chislehurst for weekend at 10:42 - walked all over Chislehurst in pm and at night Mac and I sat over the fire and I read English Theme - letter from Miss Williams - am to go to Cannes on October 6.
Sunday 2 October.
Thanksgiving day for peace. To Holy Communion at 10:15 church crowded. Pouring day - so home and wrote to Ha-Wa etc. For walk with Brian p.m. in sunshine. Quiet evening at home.
Monday 3 October
Home by 2:23 train. Felt lonely and blue on arriving back to empty room. John V rang p.m. and arranged to lunch today. Wrote letters and packed like mad
Tuesday 4 October.
Two letters from Doss and Lou and Mona this a.m. - also a S.L.T. from Harold which cheered me greatly wrote to a good many people. Shopped like blazes - new uniforms - Cardigan etc. Ticket from Cooks - contretemps with John who were supposed to ring me.
Wednesday 5 October.
Busy day. Shopped and visited - ? for dinner awfully tired - no letters cold and wet.
Thursday 6 October.
Glorious day - awake 4 a.m. - Doreen saw me off caught 10:56 from Victoria - met Hindle and Bowler who accompanied me Newhaven to Dieppe in rough seas - to Paris Gare St Lazare - enjoyable trip - dined and did the city till 9:25 train at Gare Lyon - glad to meet French cooking again. Slept well in a compartment to myself for most of the night. Very grotty but enjoying the trip.
Friday 7 October.
The two girls are nice and we enjoy meals on the train - I was made to try my French on the waiter and bought vin rouge very bravely. Arrived at 2 pm and were met by Gabriel and Gamble - glorious place and sunshine - magnificent scenery - home very comfortable - very kindly welcomed by Miss Williams. Slept well.
Saturday 8 October.
Today off breakfasted at 8:30 off delicious melon. Sun glorious again so we went to Marina Plaques where we swam and lay in the sun and baked. Delicious lunch on beach. Bowler and I then explored the town - sent post cards to the family and Harold. All the tropical flowers and shrubs seem to grow here and palms. The houses are fascinating to - all colours with bright shutters. Our French is pretty priceless
Sunday 9 October.
Peaceful day off during a.m. and washed my hair and wrote to family. For a walk p.m. Sun and evening perfect
Monday 10 October.
Glorious day off a.m. so Gamble and I took lunch and Miss Williams joined us for a swim at Marina Plaques water glorious. Home 2:30 and lazed about at hospital doing odd jobs posted letters home via Francie.
Tuesday 11 October.
Called out to case - Mrs Selby at 9 am. Nothing much to be done interesting family - husband Bartoff? Pianist - Sewed and did nothing much all day. Tired when Gabriel called for me - letter from Mogg. Ha-Wa due in Curacao
Wednesday 12 October
There again - very pleasant spot and glorious day. Wrote several letters and found 7 waiting for me on return home at 9 pm mother etc
Thursday 13 October
Glorious day - family at Monte Carlo so wrote letters etc a.m. wrote home Robbie Doreen - tasted vodka for first-time - good - one must swallow it all in one gulp and take a savoury after. Home soon after 9 - had violent diarrhoea.
Friday 14 October.
H at Panama today. Still fine and warm - at Villa Annunciata again. Family go to Monte Carlo again tomorrow, wrote to Mogg - Joan and Mrs Duncan and Ha-Wa. Drank health's in 3 glasses of 1924 champagne and cointreau (Evian & Badoit Water)
Saturday 15 October.
arrived in Cannes I've read "Defy the Foul Fiend" "We Forget Because we Must" "Perfume from Provence""Diary of a Provincial Lady"
Sunday 16 October.
To 8 am service at All Saints with Hemel and Miss Williams - sat in sun am in perfect weather. For a walk p.m. with H thru most lovely country houses etc - can see where Spring Flowers will be later.
Monday 17 October.
Off p.m. so Buller and I went shopping - great time - pas de lettres
Tuesday 18 October.
Heavenly day and hot so Hemmel and I went swimming - the major shouted us a sherry! We dined delicately of croissants and cream cakes. Sewed all p.m. Letters from John Grierson and Doss. Wrote home and to John.
Wednesday 19 October.
To Nice p.m. not as nice as Cannes but pretty - home 7 pm Letter from Neemie
Thursday 20 October.
Spent a.m. writing letters etc - to town pm and explored old Cannes with Buller
- very interesting - church and tower and old museum and a glorious views - pas de lettres au son!
Friday 21 October.
Off a.m. so Bowler and I went to Caques enroute to St Paul (de Vence) - A lovely wee fortress - very old and setting on top of a hill. Very late back on duty but were kindly received - mouldy - no letters again so haven't written any.
Saturday 22 October.
Glorious day sat and mended in the sun all a.m. Wrote letters to Doris Miss Gill is Gillespie and Johnny and Neemie p.m. glorious mail from NZ. Mother, Dad, Doss, Eine, Buff, & Don.
Have read my book on Devon - The Galaxy - Dusty Answer - The Golden Violet (Jamaica)
Sunday 23 October.
To church at 10:30 with Miss Williams and Gamble - walked both ways - p.m. to Cap d' Antibes with Hemmel via Juan les- Pins and Antibes - very delightful.
Monday 24 October.
Sewed in sun all a.m. took a walk to cemetery with sister Buller - mouldy - no mail
Tuesday 25 October.
Went early to Grasse to assist Miss Hesketh who is sick. Delightful drive there and back but found Miss H up and better. First rain we've had since I arrived - thunder and lightning.
Wednesday 26 October.
Spent the whole of the morning getting my identification papers cleaned up. No letters.
Thursday 27 October.
Wakened feeling simply foul and sure I've got rheumatic fever at least. Mail which should have come last night brought 3 marvellous letters from Harold the Darling - cheered me immensely but increased my homesickness.
Friday 28 October.
Still more or less to my bed feeling with pains in every muscle and joint. Sister is marvellous Bulley isn't well either. Letter from Mac G - moved over to hospital for a month.
Saturday 29 October.
Stayed in bed feeling absolutely done - feeling very nauseated too - can't eat - I do feel awful
Sunday 30 October.
Moved to hospital.
31 October to 2 Nov
awful days
Thursday 3 & 4 November
Ha-Wa due in New Zealand
Letters from Adria Mac G Mogg Aston Doss Doreen etc still sick and feeling absolutely low am as yellow as a quince and feeling like half.
Saturday 5 November.
No excitement here on the glorious 5th everyone extremely tired and homesick - I am still the latter - can't read or write and time drags heavily.
Sunday 6 November
Grr wrote home and to Francie McGibbon.
Tuesday 7 November.
Feeling better though still sick.
Tuesday 8 November.
A better day wrote to Doreen and Ha-Wa and read the newspaper - letter from Doss.
Wednesday 9 November.
Paid for it today by a foul sick headache all day - letters from Mops Buff and the Doss.
Thursday 10 November.
Better today but still can't read or write or sleep so time hangs heavily - letters from Doss and Nan I owe dozens now.
Friday 11 November.
Still the colour of a Chinese but wore my poppy bravely - listened to a wonderful "Festival of Remembrance" at Albert Hall last night Duke and Duchess of Windsor met Duke and Duchess of Gloucester Paris
Saturday 12 November.
Down in garden am felt like nothing on earth - so awfully weak but will be better tomorrow letters from Doss John etc - read 3 books in 2 days.
Sunday 13 November.
Up again and feel better - wrote to - - - frightfully tired still
Monday 14 November.
Up and dressed today feeling like a cat's breakfast - getting in with my blue jumper.
Tuesday 15 November.
Feeling better - wrote a few letters. P.C. from Doss
Wednesday 16 November.
Up and walked a little feeling very weak on my pins and tired still - weight 8 stone 4 1/2 pounds (52Kg) gosh! Letter from D
Thursday 17 November
Nothing happened wrote and received letters.
Friday 18 November.
Wrote to Doris, Eine, Robbie, Mona, Peg & Betty - letters from Jesse, Myrtle, also my photos and some NZ books.
Saturday 19 November.
Usual day getting on with my jumper - card from Doreen - Nil of note
Sunday 20 November.
My clothes arrived 8 am from Doreen - wrote home to GR etc
Monday 21 November
No letters - went by bus to the Mairie and got my carte d'identite - feeling better.
Tuesday 22 November.
Walked to Cannes with girls, Buller & Gamble and I had 11's at a cafe and then I came home - done in - letters from Mogg
Wednesday 23 November.
Too tired to walk today sun perfect wrote to Wilson and Mitchell letter from Robbie and paper from home.
Thursday 24 November.
A fortnight since I heard from home - to super - Cannes by bus with Buller and Hemmel lovely view right to Italian Alps - snow clad now. Tired though after - letters from D and Mrs Taylor.
Friday 25 November.
Shopping with Buller and bought wool for Buff's cardigan - PC from Katie - wrote to Ha-Wa Mother Mrs Taylor and K Frys Fellowship - Raits and Tanners for Xmas - lunched with staff.
Saturday 26 November.
Sat in sun a.m. and walked with Stringer p.m. tea and dinner with staff but tired when I got to bed at 9 pm no letters for me in yesterday's. "Broom Sticks" by Walter Delamere published by Cassell's.
Sunday 27 November.
Up for 8:30 brek to church 10:30 with Buller and Hemmel - Holy Communion and Matins which I enjoy greatly rested p.m. and knitted.
Monday 28 November.
On call a.m. and went to town pm no mail or excitement general strike expected throughout France on Wednesday.
Tuesday 29 November.
Went to Grasse for a drive with Gabriel etc heavenly there now with autumn tints everywhere. To La Bocca - same way - p.m. soldiers everywhere in preparation for great strike a.m.
Wednesday 30 November.
General strike a.m. full of anxiety all day - postie didn't come - so we don't know whether there was a strike or not - paid today - cashed my cheque.
Thursday 1 December
Said "Rabbits" lovely day so washed my hair still no letters from home and feeling awfully worried.
6 pm letters all well - letters had been sent via Cannes
Friday 2 December.
Gorgeous day - Buller and I moved to the pavilion - posted photographs to Harold and letters home.
Saturday 3 December.
Went walking p.m. with sister and Stringer to top of Sanatorium Hill - lovely day and sunset - saw Alps Maritimes under snow - letters from home
Sunday 4 December.
Called out to case at Beau-Site-Gont dull day - nothing to do - missed Arthur Rubinstein's concert p.m.
Monday 5 December.
The same - food and service good at this hotel - wrote to Harry and home getting on with my knitting.
Tuesday 6 December.
The same - to town a.m. for a while - finished case pm (L1) - and so home letters from Nan and Doss - 2 months since we arrived here.
Wednesday 7 December.
Buller and I went shopping p.m. and I bought Innoxa stuff - letter am from Mop & Buff and two from Ha-Wa a fortnight earlier at sea
Thursday 8 December
Posted letters to Harold and home and Margaret G. Stayed home all day as it was raining - no letters. Gas lecture by Miss Heathcote at night - very weary - none from home - 10 weeks since Ha-Wa left England.
Friday 9 December.
Collected ambulance case at Alsace-Lorraine hotel a.m. and brought him in - am on the hospital staff now - and like it so far - though easy - marvellous mail from home via Francie - plus Weekly News, F.L. and Australian papers
Saturday 10 December.
Shopped a.m. letters to Doris p.m.
Sunday 11 December.
Thank heavens - have been feeling awful - wrote copious letters p.m. very wet and cold
Monday 12 December
Off during p.m. rested on my bed
Tuesday 13 December.
Busy day half day p.m. wrote letters etc received lovely letters from Mops Doss and Mrs Wedekind
Wednesday 14 December
As usual - shopped a.m. and bought silver and brown suede shoes.
Thursday 15 December.
Joy of joys a letter Air Mail from Ha-Wa arrived at 10 am and made my day for me - the dear - it had taken nearly a month though - I wrote to him and mops and D by pm post.
Friday 16 December.
11 weeks since we parted - sun shining today but awfully cold went for a nice walk with Partridge found wild violets - lots of thunder.
Saturday. 17 December.
Lovely mail from Mops, Phil H, Adria, Mac G, Lowery etc stayed home and wrote letters.
Sunday 18 December.
To church 10:30 am Holy Communion very cold and windy today. Wrote letters p.m. - off at 7:15 pm.
Monday 19 December.
Fearfully cold and wet day (temperature 27) in parts of England, we hear about 35 here. Another lovely a.m. mail - letter from Ha-Wa and a parcel from? Wrote to Christine and Ha-Wa
Tuesday 20 December.
Bitterly cold and snow on the hills - snowing in London - grr
Wednesday 21 December
No entry
Thursday 22 December
Lovely mail from NZ.
Friday 23 December.
Several cards and same hankies from Mogg - to town a.m. and bought grog for Christmas - also cashed my cheque from home.
Saturday 24 December.
Still frightfully cold - decorated p.m. - book of patterns from Doris. Wire from Richard and Mona am which cheered me greatly
Sunday 25 December.
To church by car at 8 am with Miss W and 4 others church prettily decorated a jolly day and a ripping dinner at night - I won a diary.
Monday 26 December.
A glorious mail this a.m. - Eine Doreen Peg G, Mona 2, etc Gamble and I went to the Creche Le Suquet p.m. but it wasn't working (a nativity automaton). To tea at Des Nampiers?
Tuesday 27 December.
No mail - half a day and I want to hear Grace Moore at the casino - lovely Duchess of Windsor was there - had chocolate with Partridge later and wrote letters home
Wednesday 28 December.
Very cold wrote letters
Thursday 29 December.
Went for a good walk in lovely sunshine with Miss Williams - no letters (I have a filthy cold) wrote home
Friday 30 December.
Finished in hospital 3 months wrote letters frantically
Saturday 31 December.
Betty Hennell and I went to Beuil and Valberg for the day - heavenly day and route - snow and icicles everywhere watched skiing etc back at 7:30 to find letters from home most cheering. Saw the old year out 11 pm with sherry in Bullers room.

6. Marjorie Barker's 1939 Diary.: Europe & New Zealand Part 1, 1 Jan 1939 to 19 Nov 1939. The diary of Marjorie Helen Ruth Barker 1939.
Transcribed by her son Edward in 2014.
Note this diary has been transcribed using error ridden voice recognition technology.

As with Margot's 1938 diary, she recorded the mass of letters she received from her family and friends. This continued in this record, perhaps even to a greater extent in her periods of loneliness, and ill health. For the sake of brevity this detail has been generally edited except for Harry (Ha Wa) and her patients who wrote to her.
Sunday, January 1
Called out 9 am to Hotel Californie to Mrs Graaf. Dull day and couldn't get out to see the Battle of Flowers - an in auspicious beginning for 1939 but had my first ride in a Rolls!
Monday January 2.
The same. Went a short walk above the Californie but it rained so I returned and exchanged stamps with Maria, Mrs Graaf's maid. Letters from Ha Wa
Tuesday, January 3.
Aurst's here to so we lunched and dined together and walked on La Croisette p.m. Finished at Californie.
Wednesday, January 4.
Posted letters home and to Ha Wa letter from Adria to say her mother had died on December 22 so wrote to her again and Ha Wa also to heaps of others - a good day - no letters p.m.
Thursday, January 5.
Called out to Grand Hotel to Mrs Prescott-Westcar with bronchitis - a sweet soul very happy there: found enormous mail awaiting me - glorious.
Friday, January 6.
Mrs Westcar was a little better but I stayed in all day and wrote many letters. Harold's photo arrived p.m. - the Darling.
Saturday, January 7.
Lunched with Major Westcar - but p.m. very worrying Mrs Westcar not so well - poor darling. Found marvellous mail from home
Sunday, January 8.
Gabriel took us in his car - so we hadn't to walk. Mrs Westcar was better again and stayed so altho exhausted. Wrote to Ha Wa.
Monday, January 9.
An uneventful day did not go out and no letters.
Tuesday, January 10
Dr Pris rang from his bed with a cold and did not visit us Mrs Westcar continues to make good progress.
Wednesday, January 11.
Out for a while a.m. and met Buller - Found letters from home - on arrival home - awful night thunder storms etc.
Thursday, January 12.
An uneventful day save that Mrs W got up. Awful storm and no letters at night.
Friday, January 13.
The same - letters - p.m.
Saturday, January 14.
Knitted and read "Sunset house" - pouring - letters from Mrs Taylor - and Auckland Weekly from Elsie.
Sunday, January 15.
Uneventful day did not go out. Mrs Westcar up for nearly 9 hours.
Monday, January 16.
The same went for a walk past the Palm Beach Casino and discovered Russian Church and Alexander's III's Chateau. No letters.
Tuesday, January 17.
Major Prescott-Westcar my patient today with bad cold.
Wednesday, January 18.
Nil of note.
Thursday, January 19.
A hectic day - To Sunny Bank p.m. and packed my clothes. Found 9 glorious letters from home. Stayed night at the Grand - and went to the Java ballet - wasn't bad - very tired.
Friday, January 20.
Up betimes and got my people away safely by 10:40 train. Then home and packed - to St Raphael p.m. for case.
Saturday, January 21.
Not such an awful night and day though pretty wearing - didn't sleep either. Cake from Buff and calendar from Nene arrived. Sent L10 to London - wrote home - Ha-Wa - Mrs August senior, Miss Williams.
Sunday, January 22.
Awful day or rather a.m. Gillett woke me early and we had a fearful time with Dr up etc - gosh!
Monday, January 23.
Postcard from Doss - no letters took Chicko for a walk to Valescure. Wrote to Pop - Tuesday, January 24.
A big day - radiologist came first - followed by a doctor, a big man from Toulouse - another nurse from Paris etc etc - no letters.
Wednesday, January 25.
Miss Cartier and I went p.m. night duty - sleeping at the Hotel des Anglais - didn't sleep one wink all day - letter from Adria.
Thursday, January 26.
Slept better today in a quiet room and aspirin not on till 10 pm tonight. Lovely mail.
Friday, January 27.
As usual - slept well - it's good having 2 of us on night. Our friend had a "rigor" just as the doctor came.
Saturday, January 28
Letter from Doris - nothing happened - walked back to our hotel.
Sunday, January 29.
Great excitement at 10 am when Sir Kenneth Goodly arrived from England etc etc to do a needling. We were glad to escape at 11 am
Monday, January 30.
As usual - hardly slept at all today how I loathe this place no letters either.
Tuesday, January 31.
A glorious day - made going to bed even worse than usual. Partridge arrived and Gillett returned for 3 days. two letters from Harold - Mrs J August and blouse from Joyce.
Wednesday, February 1.
Said "Rabbits" - day started by Commander having a very bad heart attack - so wasn't greatly surprised when Partridge woke me to say he died. Letters from Harold.
Thursday, February 2.
Couldn't sleep so finished my book got up feeling awful - caught train back to Cannes for lunch found letters. desperately tired but day off tomorrow with Partridge - posted gift to Eine.
Friday, February 3.
Breakfast in bed then off to Monte Carlo after cashing my cheque. Glorious day - had an amusing lunch at Bottam's, nice. At M C and Monaco - delightful poke round and returned 7:30 pm. Monaco is like a tiny Kingdom with soldiers in fancy dress.
Saturday, February 4.
Letter from Amy a.m. to say she was on her way home. Bowler and I shopped p.m. and I wrote to Ha Wa. Posted L10 to Doris and postcards to Pop and Mrs Clark. Letter from John Sparks from New Zealand! And from Doris suggesting I join her for a week's car drive in Devon - to bed early with a bad head and pain.
Sunday, February 5.
To St George's a.m. with Miss Hesketh. Great parade of French and English banners etc all very lovely. To case p.m. Col Cumming - wrote to Ha Wa.
Monday, February 6.
Day went smoothly no letters - wrote home and to Lou and Miss Jordan and D. Glorious weather. Lovely view here - Golfe Juan - Royal Sovereign.
Tuesday, February 7.
As usual - Knitted a bit - no letters. Rang Miss Williams. Perfect day.
Wednesday, February 8.
Uneventful day which had its subsequent events "Place Neville Chamberlain" named with much pomp.
Thursday, February 9
Went up to Sunny Bank (Hospital) and collected letters from H, John Gilk - Mrs Gillespie, FMG, Helen Atkinson - Mrs Prescott-Westcar etc etc. Awful day and very depressed (loss of letters etc). Letter from Ha Wa
Friday, February 10.
Wrote to family. Rang Helen A and had tea with her and her cousin Mr Turven and at the Beau Site - very pleasant - no letters.
Saturday, February 11.
Shopping at Golfe Juan - am to Gorges du Lamp p.m. Very lovely - especially garden on the Hill - 500 m up with lovely misty valleys below. Letter from Miss Widdecombe and p.m. posted letters to Mrs Taylor.
Sunday, February 12.
To Draguignan lovely drive through beautiful country. Almond and cherry blossom everywhere.
Monday, February 13.
Wrote to mother. To Sunny Bank p.m. and collected calendar from GR.
Tuesday, February 14.
A happy day - stayed home at Le Mazet - wrote to Mrs Gillespie and Amy no letters
Wednesday, February 15.
Walked with Col and Mrs Cumming a.m. and left p.m. for Sunny Bank rang Helen and Mrs Widdecombe and have 2 days off.
Thursday, February 16.
Hindle and I were off together and lay on the rocks by Mrs Elliott's Villa - saw Col and Mrs C and collected letters. To dinner with Helen ? - very pleasant - danced - such a dears both of them.
Friday, February 17.
This a.m. for a delightful walk from La Napoule to the Esterels - the Mimosa etc lovely. Home where the Wedekinds's collected me for tea at Juan les Pins and to their home marvellous - mail from Ha Wa, Adria etc Doss Buff Fr 2400.
Saturday, February 18.
Got our forms for Italian tour. PC from Doss and letters from mother. Went walking in the pinewoods with King and Hensell - primroses showing up and violets everywhere. Posted letter to mother.
Sunday, February 19.
To Church 8 am by self. After lunch to town to see the fete des Mimoses - very pretty town well decorated. To casino later Bruno Walter - Mozart Concerto. Symphony Nocturne Minuet Sonata etc. Posted letters to H. Adria, Mrs Wed
Monday, February 20.
Sat in sun and Knitted all day - no mail "day off" tomorrow - may go to Isle de Levins with Monaghan.
Tuesday, February 21.
Dull day so we went to Nice and intended going on to Monaco - but stayed and saw all the Mardi Gras p.m. fearful crush but it was worth it - an amazing spectacle.
Wednesday, February 22.
Letter from Toots a.m. for a lovely drive to Valbonne with Miss Heathcote - picked anemones, violets etc 100% heavenly - night duty with Miss Mort at a Russian Villa. Letters E G Anderson Hosp
Thursday, February 23.
Finished at 8:30 am and was supposed to go back at night but Miss W fixed that with result that I attended Miss H at "Figaro" in a box at night a marvellous show and the loveliest music ever. "The end of the Mozart Festival and Bruno Walter. Very heavy rain all day.
Friday, February 24.
Poured all day Buller and I went shopping p.m. and I bought zips for my jumper - which looks good now. No letters. Wrote to EGA Hosp
Saturday, February 25.
To town am and home all p.m. except for giving a lone washout at Martine's. Went to bed with a vile head - everyone being most kind to me.
Sunday, February 26.
To church a.m. off duty and in the sun a.m. most unexpectedly went to Faust p.m. - a most lovely company with splendid voices.
Monday, February 27
Wrote letters a.m Mrs Cumming, H - out to case at Savoy p.m. an awful muddle. No letters.
Tuesday, February 28
am in sun. To case at Beau-Site p.m. Miss McLintock bronchitis - Sir William and Lady McLintock - solid nice Scots people - Dr Bes.
Wednesday, March 1.
Wrote to Adria and Helen. Stayed in all day. Enjoyed my evening SW shared his winnings with me Fr 1000. (Sir William McL 1st Bt of Sanquhar)
Thursday, March 2.
For a lovely drive p.m. to Frejus with Sir William heavenly in the Esterels - lots of plum blossom out.
Friday, March 3
Stayed in all day wrote home and to Harold but didn't post.
Saturday, March 4
Went for a drive in pm with Miss McLintock as far as Theoule - S W shared his roulette winnings again another Fr1000 ! (Fr 1000 in 1939 about 200Stg in 2014)
Sunday, March 5
Miss McLintock went to lunch at Mougins - so I returned to Sunny Bank till 4 pm. To bed for p.m. Collected mail from home, plus Miss Gillespie
Monday, March 6
Returned to Sunny Bank 3 pm - sad to say goodbye but have addresses of both people. Found no one in at Sunny Bank.
Tuesday, March 7.
Mail from Buff and Ha Wa - on duty in hospital all day - cashed cheque and saw Col and Mrs Cumming in Barclays bank. Brought 2 pairs of stockings.
Wednesday, March 8
On duty specialising Princess Sunika daughter of Rajah of Indore.
Thursday, March 9.
Still specialising the Princess a sweet little Blackamoor - her mother - the Ranee is charming.
Friday, March 10
My patient went home a.m. and I was given a lovely box of chocolates. Posted letters to D + L10. Mrs Gillespie and Ha Wa. To Civil Hospital 5 pm to an accident case who died - an awful experience.
Saturday, March 11
Told that I should have to join Gardener at Valescure p.m, but returned from an outing to Olivet to find that it was changed to Monte Carlo - so set forth by Michilin half an hour later - lovely journey and nice hotel and people day duty only. Carnival on here today.
Sunday, March 12.
Letters arrived - peaceful day - drove pm to Menton and all-round Monte - Dr Bayer - wrote to Miss W.
Monday, March 13.
Drove pm to La Turbie, Eze & Nice returning via Grand and Moyenne Corniches.
Tuesday, March 14
Pops birthday drove to golf links, Mont Agel a most lovely day. This part of the coast's most attractive and full of Roman remains.
Wednesday, March 15
Took a drive to Peille p.m. letters - wrote to Mrs Taylor and Mrs Angush.
Thursday, March 16.
Marvellous mail from home Drove to Italian border - Frontier then back and went over the oceanic Museum at Monaco very interesting.
Friday, March 17
For a drive to Cap Ferrat - walked then again pm - warships at Beaulieu.
Saturday, March 18
Rained but we drove to Cap Ferrat - Mrs J came down to beach Mr and I walked p.m. after visiting the Jardine Exotique - sat in the lounge after dinner. No letters International situation grave. Hitler has annexed Bohemia Ruthenia etc and everyone is very nervous. Wish I could have heard Mr Chamberlain's speech.
Sunday, March 19.
For a drive to Cap Ferrat a.m. and walk p.m. heavenly country posted postcard to Popper.
Monday, March 20
Driving a.m. Had a rotten collision and got badly bumped - were lucky to escape greater injury - wrote to Francie no letters.
Tuesday, March 21
Walked in sun and inspected the shops a.m. Lovely on the famous Tenances - had tomato juice and returned to an orchestra. Posted PC to John. Tea at sporting club.
Wednesday, March 22
King of Sweden dined at next table and at lunch today Kreistler (sic)* sat near me - said goodbye to the Jacobs 4:30 pm and returned to Cannes a marvellous mail awaited me plus L100.
*(Fritz Kreisler a great violinist of the time)
Thursday, March 23.
Day off with Maugham so we went to Peira Cava a lovely trip taking in many interesting places in a snowstorm part of the time and the snow was lovely.
Friday, March 24.
Called up at 2:15 am to go to Lady Gladstone - lovely villa did not sleep much when I got to bed Gillett is on day duty.
Saturday, March 25
At Thoencial? again Lady Gladstone is interested in Toc H so we got on all right. Finished today and G is going to stay there. To Montfleury Hotel to a Mr Walker 82 - a bridegroom! from Canada!
Sunday, March 26.
Robertson is on day here - Miss Heathcote took me in her car to St George's where there was a parade of sailors from HMS Arethusa.
Monday, March 27.
Posted letters to - received from - slept not so badly reading Rebecca by Du Maurier and Ravine B Nicholls.
Tuesday, March 28.
Slept well. Letter from Ha Wa p.m. 28th Feb. Pretty awful case.
Wednesday, March 29.
Slept poorly. Lovely mail from?
Thursday, March 30.
The usual awful night ghastly woman - to HC (Holy Communion) a.m. at St Paul's and did good work cleaning out my room a.m. before I went to bed. Holly joined me on night and that evidently stirred up the fireworks!!
Friday, March 31
Had to ring Dr Guinness at 4 am but he was very nice and I was jolly relieved to leave the place - ugh.
Saturday, April 1
Said Hares and Rabbits! The poor old man died this a.m. I was working in hospital. Pretty grim there to - tho' sister let me off at 7:30 pm. Received letter - posted some to - Letters are coming fast now - Air Mail speeding up international situation not very promising. Oxford - Cambridge boat race.
Sunday, April 2.
In hospital again and looking forward to a Holy Week cantata p.m. when called out to Grand Hotel to Ranee of Indore's children - with flu. Letter from Mrs Cumming a.m.
Monday, April 3.
Up at 7:30 - quite cheerful day. To Sunny Bank p.m. and found Mr Gardner in blustery and very miserable day. No letters. To bed early.
Tuesday, April 4.
Wrote to - and Ha Wa p.m. letter from Doreen who has been mixed up in bomb outrages. Miserable day so didn't go out. Wrote to shipping offices and Mrs Cumming.
Wednesday, April 5
No letters - went up to Sunny Bank p.m. wrote to Miss Taylor, a year today since I left New Zealand.
Thursday, April 6.
Dull day met Price and we strolled for an hour in the Rue d'Antibes blustery and grey - no letters - children up.
Friday, April 7
Missed having no Hot + Buns here! Letter from Doreen a.m. to Holy Trinity 2 - 3 pm very nice service. Later sat in sun with Price Gardener and Wearing. Took Sunika to dentist 5 pm and went for a short drive later, evening paper full of Italy's conquest of Albania - God knows what will happen next.
Saturday, April 8
Rested with sore headache p.m. but took Sunika to dentist p.m. very hot and muggy - no letters.
Sunday 9 April
To church 7 am perfect Easter day took children for a walk a.m. to Sunny Bank p.m. and to church 5:30 pm. A lovely day summer seems to have arrived everywhere is green trees - lovely wisteria.
Monday, April 10
Glorious day.To a recital by Kreisler p.m. with Price - Sonata Cantata Mendelssohn Concerto Gil & Karen Luis? Hymns to the Sun Caprice Vieonnies - Londonderry Air - Tchaikovsky & Kreisler
Tuesday, April 11.
Took children shopping and in glorious sun. Price had tea with me. Lunched at restaurant with Ranee who later presented me with a beautiful evening bag sorry to leave them. War news not reassuring tonight
Wednesday, April 12
Went shopping and walking in the sun with Buller who is on night call p.m. - marvellous mail - Ha Wa - called out at 10 p.m. to a filthy case and have to stay - feel awful.
Thursday, April 13.
Gabriel brought my night things this a.m. feel thoroughly cafed?. Did not sleep a wink all day and am frightfully miserable in consequence. Gave Gabriel letters to
Friday, April 14
Went up to Sunny Bank a.m. feeling about 0% the kids were marvellous. War news bad. France well mobilised - Italy trip off, I'm afraid. Slept well after taking a large dose of Viriane.
Saturday, April 15.
Still here to town a.m. to buy papers and dope - news and more reassuring as England is very definite in her policy - Mr Chamberlain made an excellent speech in Parliament on Thursday - Italy really is definitely off though rang Hetty.
Sunday, April 16
Summer time begins glad to do one hour less duty! "Slept" at Sunny Bank most thankfully today or rather didn't sleep - damn Percy. Found my old lady very fractious.
Monday, April 17.
Glorious day and I sat in sun to have my plateau. Slept 2 hours and got up to find letter from Doris acknowledging my L100 nice brown bag from Mrs Cumming for me.
Tuesday, April 18.
Had tea with Mrs Cumming walked to Golfe Juan - Guns and soldiers everywhere though no news of any beginning at present - slept 2 hrs - letter from Mona.
Wednesday, April 19.
Went early to bed and slept 2 hours old lady a bit better. Letters from Adria
Thursday, April 20
Hitler's birthday and everyone very apprehensive and distrustful - in bed later. Bought luggage straps Fr 25 - nice letters from ? told I'm to take a pt (sic) home on 28th by Blue Train.
Friday, April 21.
No sleep again today received cheque from Doris posted letters Ha Wa
Saturday, April 22
Thrilled to find letters from - Harold and Doris unexpectedly posted letters home 24-4-39 to Ha Wa and Doris.
Sunday, April 23
Saw the old ladie's treasures from Queen Victoria etc then to church at Holy Trinity glorious day and a good sleep after sedomid
Monday, April 24
To Isles des Lerins with - nothing startling though a lovely day. Letters from Dill and Adria.
Tuesday, April 25
Anzac Day met Hetty and Wearing and saw over a lovely garden - finished with the old ladies. Very tired but further depressed when sister told me the trip to England was off - can go anyhow - so booked seat by Route des Alpes for Thursday and started packing.
Wednesday, April 26
Busy time making my bag shut but accomplished all and finished up satisfactory. Start at 8:10 am spent L10 to book a ticket by Vitesse to Paris - American Express.
Thursday, April 27
Up betimes and was away after much farewelling at 7:50 am. Poured with rain in the Esterrels but after Frejus was perfect and I enjoyed every moment of the trip. Lunched at Avignon and reached Lyon at 7 pm looked around the shops a nice hotel and good bed flowers - Lilac and Judas trees especially marvellous. Looked around the shops.
Friday, April 28
Called at 6 am and were on the way to Paris by 7 am Lyon looks a lovely old town wish I could stay longer. Passed through glorious country. Valleys of the Rhone and Loire - many chateaux and beautiful pastures fields of cowslips etc - talked to an English doctor on the trip and was sorry to reach Paris at 7pm. A nice room at St Petersburg where I felt very much at home found a postcard from Bullen to say she and P are still here - better luck than I'd hoped for and I rang them and arranged to meet for an aperitif today. Slept well.
Saturday, April 29
Found American Express office closed when eventually got there after wandering Montmartre. Arranged to dine with Buller and P and then off to the Louvre for pm. Saw many new things besides Mona Lisa etc etc. Home in the rain through the Tuileries Gardens to Folies Bergere later excellent show.
Sunday, April 30.
Wakened late after my dissipation and roamed the streets - finding many new spots of interest thrilling to be here again. Wrote letters p.m. and at night dined at Ha Hungaria with a gypsy band with B and P Excellent.

7. Marjorie Barker's 1939 Diary.: Europe & New Zealand Part 2, 1 Jan 1939 to 19 Nov 1939. Monday May 1
Said rabbits and had a busy day saw about Belgium trip at American Express and departed at 2:15 pm sorry to leave Paris but love Brussels arrived 5:40 pm booked trip to Holland for tomorrow excellent hotel and good dinner out. Feeling very happy. Posted letters to H and mother and D.
Tuesday May 2
Up betimes and left Brussels at 7 am past through Antwerp and saw many war spots and shrapnel scarred homes, into Holland soon after 11 am lunched at Amsterdam and took a boat trip along the canals. Passed through bulb fields at Harlem etc amazing home 10:45 am met some nice American people.
Wednesday, May 3.
Was dead this a.m. but recovered after coffee & rolls and was out & about by 9:30. Took a tour of the city in glorious weather - a beautiful place with magnificent buildings, lunched at the Cafe Rozier and took tram and train to Bruges 1 hour completely different to Brussels much smaller of course and more dilapidated though clean on the whole interesting crow stepped roofs everywhere and magnificent churches, public buildings and tower - tired though so to bed early.
Thursday May 4
Caught 10 am train to Ostend after not very good night due to many bells! To Ostend by 10:20 and got my boat easily - good crossing and arrived over before 3 - Doris meet me at Victoria and I came to my new digs - found many letters. To Hungarian Rhapsody at the Adelphi at night after supper in town.
Friday, May 5.
Slept well.? Sallied after brek and I collected letters from New Zealand house from - Lunched at home after buying corsets, unpacked bags and at night went out to supper and later collected my bags from Whitehall not able to get a car.
Saturday May 6.
A lovely day so departed 10 am for Tunbridge Kent is heavenly now. Tried to get cycles without success so lunched in the castle grounds and then went to Mogg who took us in her car to see bluebell woods and primroses - home after nice tea at 8 pm found postcards from ? and Adria.
Sunday May 7
Rose not too early and went walking in Regents Park in glorious sunshine. Home for lunch and after a rest to St James Park till church time (Savoy Chapel) - watched a Fascist demonstration. Posted letters home.
Monday May 8
Doreen got away by 10:45 am train from Victoria. Saw her off. Then met Mona at Baker Street and shopped till 5 pm. Dined with Ken and got home very late. Letter from Miss Williams.
Tuesday, May 9.
Bought shoes in West Hampstead met Dill at Paddington and we went by train to Kensington to look at clothes. Dined at home and she left at 11 pm. More cables from home.
Wednesday May 10.
Moved my room. Bought a new dress and coat hat etc dined well alone - letters from Doris and Amy.
Thursday May 11.
Letters from Doris and Mac went early and inspected shops in Kensington High Street. To lunch with Dr and Mrs Fenn - very nice and to Kew with Adria. Bluebells marvellous - saw Queen Mary there! Who gave us a nice bow!
Friday May 12/13.
Today set off to see how far could go without spending! Walked across Hyde Park to Green Park to Westminster Cathedral. Very fine tho smelly with incense. Next to London Museum - full of interesting things - clothes et cetera - back for lunch then 4d + 3d + 3d to St Paul's - very interesting service - 100 years K.C.H. (Kings College Hospital) Archbishop of Canterbury preached - saw the Bishop of London and talked to a nice Toc H girl on the steps of the Cathedral. A most interesting day altogether for 10p! Marvellous mail letter from home and Harold Reg Pyke etc wrote to Doreen
Ha-Wa and home today Saturday - saw P&O about the ship probably the Strathnaver July 7 pending X - PC from Mona.
Sunday, May 14.
A year since I landed in England. To church near here 11 am. To Mac at Chislehurst p.m. and for supper. Such a happy day - I love this life. Posted letters to Sally & Joyce.
Monday May 15
Very wet - so filled in a.m. at home. Shopping p.m. and discovered many new streets "Welbeck" etc bought flower seeds etc. To Mona p.m. and spent a very happy time - knitting Ha-Wa and M cutting out frock. Rang Hetty B 5:30 pm at Cumberland
Tuesday May 16.
Het arrived for lunch and we went to the Citadel later very good met Jean Ambury and Mac at the Cumberland and had some quick ones. Dined at C house and then went out to Pats - very cheery evening - letters.
Wednesday May 17.
Very wet so packed up my lunch and went over to Mona found Betty Gordon there. Stayed till after dinner M and R coming part of the way with me asked to stay Whitsunday at East Horsley.
Thursday May 18
To church 12 noon at Hyde Park Square after going to Notting Hill Gate. To NZ house p.m. and going home bought silver from shop in Regent Street busy with washing etc till late so didn't go to Sadler's Wells Ballet as I'd intended.
Friday, May 19.
Up betimes and caught 10:50 am train to Welwyn where Betty and Mrs Hennell met me. B and I walked in perfect blue bell woods a.m. and p.m. till Peggy called for us and took us to Oxford - arrived there 8:30 and went punting on the Sherwell with nice lads and Michael her brother amazing digs over a restaurant.
Saturday, May 20.
Michael called for us to take us to his digs for brekkie. After which we went round the town and saw colleges etc till early lunch. After which he left us as he was rowing for his college at the Bumps, we joined him at the boathouse later and spent a most lovely - if cold - afternoon watching the rowing and crowds. After a ? supper in evening dress! We went for most enjoyable concert at Teddy Hall and supper, met some charming people. Listened to Haydn's Symphony "Miracle"
Sunday, May 21.
To Michael's digs again for a stupendous breakfast after which some exploring of Oxford till church 11 am at St Aldates - very fine sermon. More exploring of lovely places The Trout at Godstow - Christchurch Meadows etc in the country is marvellous - to St Mary the Virgin 8 pm Brother Algie Robertson spoke marvellous weekend got home 11:30pm very tired but feeling frightfully bucked.
Monday, May 22
Came up to town 1:30 and went with Betty to Barts etc. Had tea there. Found letters from - awaiting me - slept badly and awoke feeling fine.
Tuesday May 23.
Had a marvellous shopping day saw Duke of Gloucester leave Buckingham Palace in a State Coach for service at St James. Lunched at Pembethys and then saw Changing of the Guard at St James Palace - also a christening there - shopped hard. Met Amy T at Waterloo and we dined at Lyons Brasserie and saw "Four Feathers" at the Odeon.
Wednesday May 24.
Called for Mona and we lunched with Richard in Kensington thence to Barkers where we brought many dress materials to make up. Dined with them - slept very badly. Paid my boat deposit on
Tuesday 23.
Thursday May 25.
To Mona's for dressmaking a.m. cut out blue frock but didn't get far with it - did a lot of knitting.
Friday May 26
Took my material to Hutton's and was measured for my suit by Mr Elliott - brought gloves and shoes - met R & M at Waterloo and took train for East Horsley, Surrey at 8:42. Lovely evening. Went for a walk on arrival.
Saturday May 27.
Lay in, sunny, and later join Norman and Richard who were playing cricket at Ockham. Lovely in the sun. Tea at Horsley and played dominoes at night.
Sunday May 28.
Glorious day - Norman played cricket and we joined him p.m. and walked to Effingham and had tea at an Inn - collected wildflowers.
Monday, May 29.
Had intended walking to Shere but were too lazy so just lay in the sun and knitted or slept - walked in evening in lovely rhododendron woods and picked primroses.
Tuesday May 30.
Cleaned up house a bit and left Horsley at 12 mid. Found marvellous mail from home Harold - wrote home mail from home again at night
Wednesday, May 31.
Mona rang and we went shopping p.m. I bought a reading lamp frock etc and Mona a lot of cosmetics! To bed early and knitted.
Thursday, June 1.
Said rabbits out betimes to see Nan S who will do my hair tomorrow. Then to Pontries where I bought a great suit etc etc - a marvellous shop! Met Harrold 6:45 at John Lewis's and we then entered upon a pub crawl ending up with a nightclub - and arriving home very much the worse for wear ugh
Friday, June 2.
How my head aches this a.m. didn't wake until 8:30 but was at Notting Hill by 9:30 and sat till 2 pm having my hair done by Nan. Feel much better! Dill came p.m. and we set off Hampton court - glorious time return to Richmond by boat. Supper at Brasserie and so home a glorious day.
Saturday, June 3
Booked Amy's and my trip to Switzerland at Dean and Davidson's. To Mr Taylor p.m. - a great welcome - dear old soul. Met Nan and another at the old Vic 8 pm for "Ballets Jooss" a very good show for 9/6d!
Sunday, June 4.
Up betimes and away to City Temple where I heard Leslie Wheatherhead preach. Very good. At 3 pm to the Temple - glorious music - Scarlet cassocks etc - later went to St Michael's Chester Sq with "First Who Supped with Me" W H Elliott very fine
Monday, June 5.
Busy day shopping - washed and ironed p.m. and Dill came at night - cable from home - bought cider as Harrolds gift and linen.
Tuesday, June 6
Shopped etc Doreen came up from Eastbourne p.m. and supped with me.
Wednesday, June 7
To Aldershot later p.m. through lovely country most enjoyable evening - home 3 am.
Thursday, June 8
Up betimes and tried to get seats for Aida at Covent Garden unsuccessfully - got tickets for Switzerland - packed bag at night.
Friday, June 9.
Busy a.m. to Mona's for lunch after meeting Amy at Waterloo. Caught train for Switzerland at 3 pm - cold crossing and glad to get on train. Changed at Brussels one hour and then to Basel 11 am not such a bad night with 3 Scots folk.
Saturday, June 10.
Lovely country thru Strasbourg left Basel 3 pm and were in Lucerne 80 minutes later. Lovely place - were met by a nice D and D man - excellent hotel - food and beds - slept and slept we were so weary - typical country chalets firs everywhere - and such a glorious Lake - we are right on the River.
Sunday, June 11.
Slept late but got up for brekkie by 10 am then for a walk discovering the town. Rained p.m. So we slept and wrote home and to Ha Wa. For a walk after dinner and are further enthralled with this place.
Monday, June 12.
For a good walk about the town to the Lion Monument and Glacier Gardens etc. I bought a picture etc too wet to do anything p.m. so we slept beneath our feather bed's - still very tired.
Tuesday, June 13.
Up betimes and caught 9 am boat for Fluelin and Tells country. Rained soon after we left, but on the whole wasn't a bad day - beautiful country saw William Tell's statue etc. Smooth on Lake Lucerne. Captain Mansfield DD's man very kind.
Wednesday, June 14.
Wet morning so we prowled around the town and saw Glaciers Garden p.m. to Kussnacht (6 miles) where Queen Astrid was killed - too tired to go out off hotel.
Thursday, June 15.
Up betimes and caught 9:17 pm to Interlaken - much colder here, the very pleasant and beautiful wildflowers as we came along were too marvellous - Brunig Pass etc at Horn hotel where Ha Wa stayed felt mouldy and lonely for him - walk p.m. and reached Kursaal etc
Friday, June 16.
Walked a.m. in direction of Thun (Tun) and lay in the sun. p.m. to Kandersteg, Blue Lake - marvellous scenery then Aeschi-Spiez - Thun etc saw lake from boat took snaps of each other and excellent trip.
Saturday, June 17.
Caught train to Lauterbrunnen 10 am and thence walked to Trummelbach Falls - glorious tho raining hard. After lunch left Lauterbrunnen for Murren where we walked to the Valley of the Flowers (Blumenthal). Picked gentians, primula crocuses anemones alpine crowsfoot etc etc heavenly - to a yodelling concert at Kursaal wet so went to bed and so to bed.
Sunday, June 18.
Interlaken to church 10:30 am HC where Mr Adams took the service and after gave us a ride in his car - to Giessbach Falls by steamer p.m. glorious on Lake Brienz. Saw some cine films of Swiss at (illegible).
Monday, June 19.
Posted letters home and to D. Left Interlaken 9 am very sadly and were at Montreux by 1 pm. Lovely place with Castle of Chillon nearby. For a walk to Vevey p.m. and bought glorious cherries to bed early and thankfully.
Tuesday, June 20.
To Geneva by boat 9 am glorious on Lake Leman though cold arrived Geneva at 1:10 pm and were taken for a tour of the city - very interesting and beautiful - Calvin and John Knox - to Palace of Nations where we saw many rooms and a cinema for Fr 50.
Wednesday, June 21.
Lovely day so walked to Chateau d'Chillon - glorious old 10th to 16th century castle with perfect rooms pewter etc. Sewed and lounged p.m. in perfect content.
Thursday, June 22.
Montreux - lazed and walked a.m. lovely sun - to Lausanne and explored a lovely Cathedral - Protestant and listened to organ music. Had a sumptuous tea with strawberry tarts etc and came home by train in a thunderstorm. To bed early.
Friday, June 23.
Glorious day packed early and went out in the sun and bought cherries and tomatoes for our train journey. Had a late tea so didn't need supper except for what we had at Basel Park. The journey not really so foul this time.
Saturday, June 24
Arrived at Ostend at 10:30 - grey and gloomy so we decided not to go to Ypres as planned crossing smooth - home by 6 pm and found a great pile of mail - from home Ha Wa - and Richard rang almost immediately - Maida Vale 5051.
Sunday, June 25.
Lay abed till 11-ish wrote letters and then to Mona's for day sewed hard but with not much success home to a sleepless night - curse it.
Monday, June 26.
Up betimes and to the Shipping Offices and tailor - shopped extensively till 3 pm having late lunch when Miss McKay and Mac arrived for tea.? Tired out at night and took some sedomid with better results.
Tuesday, June 27.
Dill arrived early so we shopped - then lunched and went to Westminster Abbey - stayed for Evensong lovely to Cal Market and was to meet Doreen but didn't.
Wednesday, June 28.
To Delwyn where Betty met me had such a happy day sewing for her and nearly finished a dress for myself. Home 11:30.
Thursday, June 29
Dill calls shopping a.m. bought furs etc. To Nan is to have my hair done. Met Willie at Sarn 8:30 and dined marvellously - dear soul too late for a show - so we just talked till 11-ish and he brought me home in his Rolls.
Friday, June 30.
a.m. to tailor - bought cabin trunk etc etc but generally wasted a lot of time - not feeling well. To
"Me and My Girl" p.m. very good. Packed at night and slept better.
Saturday, July 1.
Said rabbits caught early bus to Tunbridge and spent day with Lamberts motored to Tunbridge Wells and had a business getting home after the last bus had left.
Sunday, July 2.
8:50 am at Whitehall Theatre met Nan and went to Westminster Abbey where the King and Queen were giving thanks for the safe return from America.
Monday, July 3.
Dill came and we shopped and lunch together Mac gave me a sweet clock - busy all p.m. and to Westminster Abbey at night for a Handel evening walked home with Ivan S afterwards.
Tuesday, July 4.
a.m. tea with Miss McGibbon pm to Wickens and Jones for tea party with 10 New Zealanders - awfully jolly. Adria came up and we went to "Under Your Hat" at the Palace - marvellous - Jack Hubbert. Supper at Corner House after.
Wednesday, July 5.
Mona came to help me pack! And after lunch to buy a hat or 3 - to supper at West Hempstead NW6 slept nier a wink.
Thursday, July 6.
Shopped a.m. and lunched with J at D H Evans. Bought a coat and shoes etc Doris arrived p.m. with books for me and stayed till I left for Mrs Fenns. Such a happy evening there they are dears, Nancy played the harp and sang and then saw me to the bus. Letter from W Mac L sail 1.50pm St Pancras..
Friday, July 7.
Pleasant easy a.m. shopped a little then Dill arrived and we lunched at Marble Arch Corner House and Mac and Dill saw me off at St Pancras and I was soon settled in on board SS Strathnaver, seems a pleasant ship though crowded - fair dinner and to bed late-ish.
Saturday, July 8.
Slept like a log on a soft bed and awakened to a good cup of tea at 6:30 am, spent day chatting to quite pleasant folk and knitting and sleeping. Grey, cold day but ravenously hungry all the time - to bed early. Glorious bunch of flowers from Mona and Richard. Letter from Bett on arrival.
Sunday, July 9.
To church 11 am very dull and lugubrious ate lazily and slept p.m. Crossing Bay of Biscay so many absent from meals though so far it isn't more than a heavy swell - fogs - ship heaves to every few hours.
Monday, July 10.
Talked to various people and had a few drinks and got on with my socks - lazy day but not too terribly hot - not many playing games and no organisation think God. Past St Vincent Cadiz etc then Gibraltar.
Tuesday, July 11.
Very exciting to see land and set foot in Tangier Moorish and smelly I didn't buy anything - to Gib 1:30 3hrs surprisingly big went ashore by tender in both places and I bought scent? and a pouf and some snaps - to a silly D Durbin picture nocte (night).
Wednesday, July 12
Wrote letters in delightful cool and knitted mostly.
Thursday, July 13.
Tied up at Marseille 1 pm and went ashore - a grubby place. Bought stamps etc. Interesting around the port met a nice Welsh officer and chatted some.
Friday, July 14.
Lazy day - chatted to 4th and had tea and a drink with him. To Marseille later and watched fireworks etc - 14th of July celebrations. Had a party with Susan and Miss Street later!
Saturday, July 15.
Away 4 am - cool still and very pleasant on top deck. Talked to Miss Kirk and slept p.m. passed close to Corsica p.m. and Sardinia. Late to bed after a pleasant evening
Sunday, July 16.
Interesting and very lovely day. Past Stromboli steaming 3 pm and Straits of Messina later - Italy and Sicily - I saw Etna in distance - glorious scenes and whether - sea perfect - good evening Taff pointed out all the places of interest.
Monday, July 17.
No land till Crete at night perfect evening most glorious weather started to play chess at night but abandoned it.
Tuesday, July 18.
Slept in read "Mr Deed Goes to Town" a.m. - had our usual sustenance with Scotty and parked for rest of evening.
Wednesday, July 19.
Arrived Port Said 5 am were away 8:30 very hot coming through canal - 12 hours - past camels Sheikhs etc awful sands but glorious scene.
Thursday, July 20.
Getting hotter and hotter - though glorious weather finished a detective yarn. Taffy and I too tired to go to boxing so went to bed instead and slept well.
Friday, July 21.
Arrived at Port Sudan 11 am - hottest day so far - awful hellish - no shops - only vendors. Sea temperature 91 degrees, in shade 113 degrees - though cool at night when we sat on poop, and later drank long gins and tonic.
Saturday, July 22.
This heat is almost unendurable I wonder how I can exist much longer.
Sunday, July 23.
Aden tied up at 6 am in most wicked heat. Went ashore and bought some undies etc - almost sick with heat and after.
Monday, July 24.
When we ran into the monsoon - ghastly rough weather, though mercifully cooler.
Tuesday, July 25.
A dreary depressing day very hot and grey Taffy and I sat on deck and watched dancing till 11:45.
Wednesday, July 26.
Very hot and muggy - played tennis and quoits and nearly dropped with exhaustion after.
Thursday, July 27.
Arrived at Bombay 12:30 pm and went for a drive round the city - beautiful buildings saw Temple snake charmers with mongoose - Burning gats and tower of silence plus vultures - filthy streets - No shopping left at 11:30 pm
Friday, July 28.
Very hot still and port holes closed again - sat and knitted and chatted to German people all day. Took tea with Taffy - to flicks at night - very good and sat on deck till 12
Saturday, July 29.
Cooler day on deck - normal day.
Sunday, July 30.
Arrived Colombo 7 am and after much cogitation Miss Kirk and I went off on our own 3 hours drive in rickshaw - tea at why Y.W. and much shopping. Then back to the ship and later walked with much fun in search of church - returned to ship 8:30 pm glorious city. Cinnamon gardens like Jamaica gardens and Buddhist temples ad lib - glorious flowers and trees - Al Amanda yellow - saw chameleon - woodpecker etc rather clean and civil and happy.
Monday, July 31.
Awfully tired today - slept p.m. and so didn't have tea with T met him later and we went to the flicks - K Hepburn - and later had a binge in Sammy's cabin after one on deck.
Tuesday, August 1.
Said rabbits had a happy morning playing whist and ? Very hot at night in T's cabin.
Wednesday, August 2.
Lazy morning - slept p.m. - had a 6 some in T's cabin - and later he taught me crib.
Thursday, August 3.
As usual.
Friday, August 4.
Party at night - Sammy sang with great feeling and gusto.
Saturday, August 5.
Played bridge lock? in T's cabin with Mr and Mrs Ward - tea as is usual.
Sunday, August 6.
To church 11 am rest of day as usual tea and evening with T.
Monday, August 7.
Repacked my bags and lazed about generally all day as usual - Taffy took Mr Mrs Ward & myself all over the engine room - very interesting.
Tuesday, August 8.
Fremantle wakened 5:30 am and had to get up for medical inspection. Sent ashore 9:30 and took a bus to Perth three quarters of an hour clean nice city and bright warm sunshine - looked around and returned to ship after lunch. Early to bed for once - left 5 pm.
Wednesday, August 9.
Day as usual and Tea - Saturday cinema till 9 pm but no plans, to bed later into Bight 3 pm.
Thursday, August 10.
Baked in the Sun out of the cold wind. Albatross and Cape Hens interesting and porpoises hugged coast for quite a way. Very smooth and calm in Bight contrary to expectations. Late-night washed hair and tidied bags.
Friday, August 11.
No entry.
Saturday, August 12.
Arrived at Adelaide 7 am and took train to town half an hour with Mr and Mrs W and Mr Shields. Excitement over new governor's arrival lovely city and fair day - walked in gardens with Mr S and later took trolley bus in the sun. Most enjoyable day with very nice W.A. man.
Sunday, August 13
Bitterly cold to church with Mr W and others - Tea with Taffy - tied up at Melbourne 8 pm. Spent evening with T and H went into Melbourne in the evening.
Monday, August 14.
To town early a.m. and saw over city of Melbourne - Minal Hall for lunch - Victorian lovely stone buildings and parks - Shrine of remembrance - to St Kilda beach - botanical gardens etc etc. Left 6 pm and had a very pleasant evening before and after.
Tuesday, August 15.
Rather cold and wet. Packed all a.m. Gymkhana p.m. Started a party at 5:30 Bane, CW after tea with Taffy and then with Dale and T later Harry and finally Sammy - Danced with T nocte good night.
Wednesday, August 16.
Arrived in Sydney 7:30 am - wire from home but no friends. HS and I took a tour to Jenolan caves - very interesting - through glorious Blue Mountains scenery - blue gums ad lib and miserable villages - Cave house very nice - saw Lucas Cave at night.
Thursday, August 17.
Awake betimes and had own pineapple - glorious day and warm. H and I walked hard and then did Orient Cave - glorious! Left after lunch and returned to town 5:30 pm and put up at Metropole. Dined and then H went back to ship his cold being much worse.
Friday, August 18.
Had photo taken at Dorothy Welding's and got my ticket for New Zealand. Met Hugh for lunch at David Jones - cold much better. Then we went to P&O?. Nice and later to top of pylon on bridge. Saw him off on Strathnaver 4 pm for Rabane* - feeling very blue - a nice friend of H's took me for tea and then I met Miss Gostelars - who took me back for supper - saw their films at night and returned to Metropole 11 pm. (*Strathnaver was then used as a troop ship for the duration)
Saturday, August 19.
Explored shops and saw domain and War Memorial cathedrals and St James church BP gardens. Poinsettia is a Euphorbia - Taxodium nice feathery tree like in Melbourne. To "Goodbye Mr Chips" nocte - excellent - saw bosuns grandmother on film must tell them.
Sunday, August 20.
Gostelar's called for me at Metropole 10 pm and took me for a long drive to Bulli Gorge (Pass) Natural Park etc - Cronulla - home 2 pm and put up at YWCA seems pretty awful. Went to Cathedral for Evensong.
Monday, August 21.
Up not so early and went to Taronga Park - good - but somehow disappointing - very windy. Went over bridge by rail and returned by ferry. To bed early - feeling very blue.
Tuesday, August 22
Rang Mrs Lyons and then caught 10:15 ferry for all day trip on harbour windy and cold but later sunny. Interesting trip and good lunch at Clifton Gardens Hotel. Met a nice S.A. girl (McMahon). Later went to "Vernon and Irene Castle" GR and Fred Asta?. (Ginger Rogers & Fred Astaire)
Wednesday, August 23.
Mrs G rang and said there were letters from home for me. Mended stockings and wrote letters a.m. and p.m. met Mrs Wash for tea and later went to Bondi and Darlinghurst for dinner and supper.
Thursday, August 24.
To Mrs Lyons for day, Ryde - returned 11 pm and started packing.
Friday, August 25.
Left the YW 9 am and took my bags to Wanganella - good cabin to myself - hurray - 4pm leave for NZ. Then to Manly ferry to meet Mrs W and Nancy and we went to M very pretty. Posted letters to T and Hugh, Amy, & Wall.
Saturday, August 26.
Left Sydney 5ish in good weather - which has lasted today - feeling fit and well - 2 pictures last night - stupid. Miss Lender and Mrs Kirk from Strathnaver on board and about 5 others.
Sunday, August 27.
Another crisis these last few days (War) - makes peace seem grim. To church a.m. - two Australian bishops took service - nice - to pictures nocte - Good -
Monday, August 28.
Wet and cold all day, so spent time largely in my cabin. To bed early in preparation for arriving next day - finished "London Roundabout"
Tuesday, August 29.
Home - wakened 3 am when we anchored at Wellington up soon after 6 am and was ashore by 8 am. Buff, ?, Eine, Phil B, and HaWa were at wharf to meet me - customs okay. Marvellous welcome home by all. Pops 80th birthday a great success and a happy day spent by all.
Wednesday, August 30.
H rang early and I went into town and joined him for lunch. Met the Hansell's - talked hard and then went to Art Gallery 4 pm. Saw Mrs Lenden there. Saw H off at Ferry 7:30 and was home by 8:30.
Thursday, August 31.
Peaceful quiet day at home - feeling very weary. Mary Peck rang.

8. Marjorie Barker's 1939 Diary.: Europe & New Zealand Part 3, 1 Jan 1939 to 19 Nov 1939. Friday, September 1.
The same - wet and cold awful hailstorm. Buff and Judith went to the zoo.
Saturday, September 2.
Saw Eine off to Hunterville at 2 pm. Washed and tidied generally.
Sunday, September 3.
Wet and cold - lovely quiet day at home - wrote to Harry etc and did much mending etc.
Monday, September 4.
Washed and was generally busy.
Tuesday, September 5.
No entry.
Wednesday, September 6.
To Joyce's by 11 am bus and spent a happy day mostly talking. Home with Dash's in tin can..
Thursday, September 7.
Dor rang and I decided to go to P'ram (Paraparaumu) next day.
Friday, September 8.
Met Nan at 5 pm and we went to P.P. All looking very nice - gardens full of flowers etc.
Saturday, September 9.
Gardened - sewing many seeds - wet and cold generally.
Sunday, September 10.
Listened to a very fine sermon by Archdeacon Bullock - I generally had a lazy day.
Monday, September 11.
Planted vegetable seeds etc.
Tuesday, September 12.
As usual.
Wednesday, September 13.
Cold and wet so I stayed in doors and sewed all day.
Thursday, September 14.
Warm p.m. so I sat on verandah and answered HaWa's letter.
Friday, September 15.
Left P'ram 9 pm and D and I had a happy day in town - saw many friends. D brought me a pair of sheets and helped me to look at rings. Later she came home with me and I later accompanied her to Hutt.
Saturday, September 16.
Gardened furiously all a.m. - p.m. Went to John's with mother - and had a very happy evening - gave us cheque etc. Letter from Harry.
Sunday, September 17.
Gardened a.m. To Mrs Widdecombe's for tea p.m. Sevad nocte (Saved by sleep?)
Monday, September 18.
Mops went to town I gardened and wrote letters.
Tuesday, September 19.
To lunch with Mr McCrea at Leges Court - met Lin & Phil for tea and later shopped. Wire from Stuart who came out here later - the dear - and we had a gloriously happy evening. Walked to Hutt with him.
Wednesday, September 20
S rang also Mr McC - saw Joy Kirk yesterday - gardened.
Thursday, September 21.
To town a.m. met Mr McC & shopped.
Friday, September 22.
S rang as he was about to return to New Plymouth. To "Mikado" no etc (sic) in much rain.
Saturday, September 23.
Gardened nice letter from Stu - Mop and Dad went to the trots. I planted many vegetables and generally tidied up the place.
Sunday, September 24.
Phil and Mrs Gillespie came out.
Monday, September 25
Washed and ironed no letters - to dinner with Taytons nocte - Joyce came in.
Tuesday, September 26.
To town pm and bought my ring. Letter from Harry a.m.
Wednesday, September 27.
Caught early bus for Joyce's - to am tea with Doreen and later p.m. tea, with another happy evening at home. Sewing.
Thursday, September 28.
Lay and sunned all am. Letters from Taffy and Hugh - Esdales came at night.
Friday, September 29
To town pm and did much shopping. Letter from Dor. Rang mother - pleasant evening chatting and sewing.
Saturday, September 30.
Joyce and June bought me home a.m. Gardened hard all p.m. Removing old hedge and planting a new one.
Sunday, October 1.
Gardened a bit and sewed more Miss Blackburn came p.m. said "Rabbits".
Monday, October 2.
Gardened and sewed and to Pygmalion at night with Miss Gibbons a delightful picture.
Tuesday, October 3.
To town for lunch with Joan H & D - tea with Mops at Kinks and so home lovely letter from HaWa
Wednesday, October 4.
John came out for day and Miss Jordan for tea wrote to H, Dill and Dor.
Thursday, October 5.
To church a.m. with Tot - sewed pm - to Fellowship nocte and renewed fellowships very pleasantly.
Friday, October 6.
To town a.m. and lunched with Doss at John Smith's - she gave me glorious towels and a frock and we bought blue velvet. Home in car with her. Letter from Mrs Elworthy p.m.
Saturday, October 7.
Letter from H a.m. suggesting I go south on Tuesday night. Wrote to Mrs E. Took old Chappie for a walk and saw the dressmaker on my way home. Darling S came out and we went for a walk to Gracefield. He caught 11 pm train back to T.
Sunday, October 8.
Busy day gardened and weeded - to Hillman's for supper.
Monday, October 9.
Gardened and washed - to town pm and got my steamer ticket and shopped etc.
Tuesday, October 10.
Joyce called round and took my velvet to make up. Got my clothes from dressmaker and Mop and I went to town and I caught the ferry about 7:45.
Wednesday, October 11.
Arrived Timaru at 11:30 am - my dear one met me and we shopped. To Craigmore for lunch a lovely place - to Grange Hill p.m. and oh such joy.
Thursday, October 12.
To Grange Hill a.m. for lunch and to Junes for a cocktail after. Quiet evening Harry had to go to a play rehearsal.
Friday, October 13
To town pm and H was measured for a suit and we brought wallpaper etc. To Grange Hill after and I did some more gardening H staying with me at Craigmore.
Saturday, October 14.
To races at Washdyke p.m. Picnic lunch and later went to flicks with Mrs Elworthy a very happy day.
Sunday, October 15
Lazy a.m. with breakfast at 9 am. To Holme Station for lunch - a most happy time + furniture. To supper with the Rhodes and home feeling oh so happy.
Monday, October 16.
Left Craigmore 10:30ish and got my steamer ticket. Harry had an awful turn and we had to go to see Dr and I went back to Grange Hill with him and started his treatment.
Tuesday, October 17.
Long quiet a.m. with Harry in boiling sun - gardened and planted glads. Great excitement over shearing p.m. and it was late before we got to bed.
Wednesday, October 18.
Started shearing a.m. up at 7 am. H took me to Craigmore and Mr E drove me in - ASE* travelled with me - Wahine 8:30. (*Arthur Stanley Elworthy)
Thursday, October 19
Home 8:30 and was soon hard at it with licenses rings etc. An awful day really and was deadbeat at night. Tea with Mrs Fry p.m. Letter from John Gilk.
Friday, October 20.
Feeling rather awful - but got good work done - packing etc. Rang Doris and many others?
Saturday, October 21.
Busy a.m. at home - Joyce and Mrs B and Ray called in pm after races and then went dining for the last time.
Sunday, October 22.
Rang Doss and she and Stuart came out p.m. for tea. Went round to Joyce's - Archdeacon and Mrs Hansell called p.m. To Hillman's after tea we took Dos home later to town feeling most wretchedly tired.
Monday, October 23.
Labour Day.
Tuesday, October 24.
The darling arrived at 9-ish and and in pm we went to town for some whirlwind shopping - collecting our cake as we went. To Joyce's nocte where I tried on my frock they gave us some spoons and coffee cups.
Wednesday, October 25.
My wedding day dawned grey but not cold - many folk rang a.m. but we were both calm - I was late for church but it's all went off very well. 19 there and many at the church besides. I've never felt happier. pm we got my steamer tickets and went out to to see the Raits Who were very thrilled to see us. Rangitira at night - pm Buff & Phil saw us off slept well and a smooth crossing.
Thursday, October 26
Arrived Christchurch and motored down to Lyttleton again only to miss our bags and awful contretemps. Put up at Federal and proceeded to shop like mad. To the "The Zeal of Thy House" at Cathedral at night jolly good. Bitterly cold here but am oh so happy.
Friday, October 27.
More farce with our baggage this a.m. but we finally located it. To Betty Gould's for lunch and p.m. purchased carpets furnishings etc - a busy day - to "Alexander Bell"* at night and so to bed (*film)
Saturday, October 28.
Up betimes this a.m. and were away 9:30 - to Timaru Show p.m. and met many new folk. Home James where H had to milk while I got tea - wonderful to be in my own home - dear H.
Sunday, October 29.
A lovely quiet day at home - unpacking and generally digging in.
Monday, October 30.
Rained hard at times my plants are doing well - planted many gladioli. Wrote dozens of letters.
Tuesday, October 31.
Ha Wa was out toiling all day I plod on with my painting - doing our living room now. Rang the paper hanger to do the papering. My love and I went walking over the hills after a visit to the Evans.
Wednesday, November 1.
How the days fly by we have been married a week. Painting and gardening today and writing many letters - Mr Howell called.
Thursday, November 2.
Ha Wa was up at 5 but I slept in till 9 - finished up my paint so I couldn't get on. H got home for lunch at 3 pm! Wrote to Miss Williams.
Friday, November 3.
To town early - called in at Holme Station and got chair and couch to be covered, and to Fishers*
(*Harry's ex married couple). Shopped hard and got my hair done. My frock arrived. To the party at Maungati at night a great crowd there and we were presented with a silver tea service and tray.
Saturday, November 4.
Home at 1:30 and Ha Wa had to rise again at 4:30 poor sweet. Painted most of the day and put in my houseplants. Letter from Mops and Eine. Rained p.m. To bed early.
Sunday, November 5.
Lay in bed till 9:30 and then had a lovely day in the sun H's godchild Margaret Ford came over - I cooked lunch after which we went for a walk to "Pisgah" (Summit) - so very happy. Wrote letters home nocte - owe H L2.12.6 - picked clematis.

Now follows gaps.
Friday, November 10.
To town a.m.
Sunday, November 12.
June and Harrold with family brought tea and we had it in the bush - H and I worked hard a.m. and moved over into our bedroom proper.
Friday, November 17.
P arrived* and I felt like death. Went to town - lunched with Mrs Elworthy - beautiful garden - dinner with Rachel - Mrs Bond presented us with an entree dish and the Rhodes a coffee set and tray. Home late feeling awful. (The transcriber considers this is short for "Percy" Margot's menses)
Saturday, November 18.
Worked hard a.m. - to a bridge party at Mrs Verity's nocte - 23 people - presented with numerous gifts - home 1:30.
Sunday, November 19.
Slept in - laid carpet - Ha Wa went mustering with Mr Squire p.m.

9. Marjorie Barker: After Her Marriage, 1940 1963. Margot with son Edward & sister Doris, the Fenn Family, Caroline Bay Timaru Jan 1947, Margot 1955, 1960 &1964 in her beloved garden..

10. Margot Fenn: Letter to her son aged 4, Aug 1945, Jean Todd Maternity Hospital Timaru N.Z.
Margot was close to having her second child, and her precious son was being looked after by a friend and neighbour at Maungati, Margaret Dent, wife of Doug Dent. Marie was their youngest daughter.

The captions are as follows:
Nurse giving mummy some horrible medicine to make her better.
Edward being a good boy and going Ish Ish (sleep) as soon as Aunt Margaret tells him to.
Marie in her little bed.
Aunt Margaret and Aboo Sam (Gollywog) in A M's bed in the morning. Pretty flowers that Mrs McDonald sent today
Edward Fenn A for (apple) Dear Daddy making a big rock garden for mummy. Poly the cow Ru the cat
Big loves darling from your loving mummy. OOO XXX
The dorse records a note:
My dear Margaret - I was hearten'd seeing you all yesterday - my little darling looked so sweet and happy. Oh my dear - you've no idea what a comfort it is to me that he loves you so and that he is not being too big a handful for you
I hope soon to have news for you Much love my dear

The son mentioned above, now 76, appreciates that this matter does not add greatly to the accumulated wisdom of the human race. It does however show something of the tone of the upbringing he was so fortunate to enjoy.
Ref: Found by Joan Baggot 2016

290. Reginald Alston FENN [35] (Katharine Pauline JULIUS141, Frederick Gilder MD FRCS (Dr)82, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born in 1878 in Richmond and died on 11 Jul 1879 in Portland Tce Richmond SRY at age 1.

General Notes:
Death Notice : On the 11th inst., at 1 Portland-terrace, Richmond, Surrey, Reginald Alston youngest son of Edward L Fenn Esq., M.D. aged 13 months.

291. Rev Ernest Vanderzee FENN M A [37] (Katharine Pauline JULIUS141, Frederick Gilder MD FRCS (Dr)82, George Charles (Dr)43, William John12, William of Basseterre6, William R N (Capt)3, John of St Kitts West Indies1) was born on 20 Feb 1880 in Richmond SRY, was baptised on 31 Mar 1880, died on 22 Jan 1956 in Timaru N.Z. at age 75, and was buried in 1956 in Timaru N.Z. The cause of his death was a road accident. He was usually called Van.

General Notes:
Van was baptised 31 Mar 1880, a Godfather F J Proctor gave the infant a bible to commemorate the occasion, now in the possession of the writer, ELF 2008. Van was educated at Temple Grove East Sheen, and Blundell's School, Tiverton, confirmed 15 Mar 1895, Noted for Distinction Blundell's Speech Day 1898 for "Blundell's Exhibition at Sydney Sussex College Cambridge" graduated M.A. Sidney Sussex College Cambridge, then Wells Theological College. Ordained Truro Cathedral 7 June 1903,
(29 May 1904?), Curate St Minver Cornwall 1903. Curate at Cuckfield W Sussex for 8 years from c1907, Vicar of Kirkby Liverpool for 12 years from 1915, Vicar of Lois Weedon Northhampton for 24 years from 1927.

Fenn Ernest Vanderzee: Late Exhib. SS Coll. Camb. BA (2nd class CL Trip.) 1901. MA 1906, Wells Th Coll 1902, d 1903, p 1904 Truro, C of St Minver Cornw. 1903-07, Cuckfiels 1907-15; Chap Cuckfield U. 1912-15; V of Kirkby 1915-27; Lois Weedon (w Plumpton from 1928), Dio. Pet. from 1927, (LP, KC, Cam. and Jesus Coll. Ox.; GL Val. L.7;Eccles. Comm. L.386; Fees L.2; c.o. L3; gross inc. L412, nett L399 and HO; Pop. 375. Lois Weedon Vicarage Towcester.
Crockford 1934.

Ernest Vanderzee Fenn. College: SIDNEY Entered: Michs. 1898 Born: 20 Feb 1880 More Information: Adm. pens. at SIDNEY, Oct. 1, 1898. S. of Edward Liveing, M.D., of Colchester. B. Feb. 20, 1880, at Richmond, Surrey. School, Blundell's, Tiverton (Mr Francis). Matric. Michs. 1898; Exhibitioner; B.A. 1901; M.A. 1906. Ord. deacon (Truro) 1903; priest, 1904; C. of St Minver, Cornwall, 1903-7. C. of Cuckfield, Sussex, 1907-15. Chaplain, Cuckfield Union, 1912-15. V. of Kirkby, Liverpool, 1915-27. V. of Lois-Weedon (with Plumpton from 1928), Northants., 1927-1950. (Crockford; Blundell's Sch. Reg.)
Alumni Cantabrigienses. Ancestry.

Van as a child suffered poliomyelites which left him with a withered left hand. His life was one of dedicated commitment, upon completing his education at Cambridge, his father, in a congratulatory letter, observed how hard Van had worked to achieve his results. He went on to a lifetime of service as a parish minister with the following quotes a sample of how he was regarded:
"Nobody could have served Cuckfield more faithfully and better than Mr Fenn had done"
"Parting with the Rev E.V. Fenn has caused very real sorrow throughout the parish. His earnest and devoted service endeared him to one and all, and many will remember his unselfish example and faithful ministry with appreciation and gratitude. The high esteem and affection which he won by his unfailing kindness to everyone, add warmth and sincerity to heartfelt good wishes for his future well-being".
"This parish has been enriched by the presence and quiet influence of the late E.V. Fenn . . . . . for his many helpful sermons . . . . . his quiet example of humble and sincere Christian faith, his complete unselfishness and his thoughtfulness for others".
"The news of the death of the Rev E.V. Fenn was received in the villages of Lois Weedon and Weston, with very profound sorrow"
Van's sermons were both scholarly and spiritual, he was a well-regarded preacher.

Ormskirk Advertiser
12 October 1915
The New Vicar of Kirkby.
Institution by the Lord Bishop of Liverpool.
A large number of the parishioners, in spite of the unfavourable weather, attended St Chad's Parish Church Kirkby to witness the institution of the new vicar, the Rev Ernest Vanderzee Fenn M.A., by the Lord Bishop of Liverpool, and his induction, by the Venerable Archdeacon Spooner, to the benefice. The Rev E Vanderzee Fenn has for the past 8 years been Curate of Cuckfield, Sussex and now succeeds the Rev R Lloyd Crawley Boevey who has resigned owing to failing health. The service was conducted by the Venerable Archdeacon Spooner, and opened with hymn "Our blessed Redeemer" . . . . .
After the institution ceremony, Archdeacon Spooner received at the hands of the Bishop the Mandate of Induction, and in company with the new incumbent and the churchwardens (Messrs G Glover and James Merser) proceeded to the main door of the church, where the Rev E Vanderzee Fenn was inducted "into the real, actual, and corporeal possession of the Church and Benefice of the New Parish of St Chad, Kirkby, in the Diocese of Liverpool, with all its fruits, members and appurtenances"
the closing him was "Through the night of doubt and sorrow" and whilst this was being sung a collection on behalf of the Diocesan ordination candidates exhibition fund was taken.

Van retired to live with his brother H L Fenn in N Z in 1951. His addition to the household helped considerably with financial matters, for, while not wealthy, Van enabled his brother to purchase newer cars, motor mowers to help with the big garden, etc. In 1955 he fell from his bicycle and died as a result of his injuries. Van did not marry, he was a very gentle, reserved, and scholarly man, who won great respect for his accepting and compassionate manner. Ref: Scrap Book 1 E L Fenn 1998.

Julius Jottings Jan 1902 No 6.
Dear Mr. Editor,
I have known a man write a splendid article for a certain magazine, which he started on in happy ignorance of any subject, and though I cannot treat the Julius Jottings to any such brilliant performance, I feel my self in much the same position at the outset, not knowing whether to inform its readers of the doings of our branch of the family or describe my experiences in this University wherein I have the honour to reside.
As to the former, however, I have despaired of finding any beginning or ending (especially any beginning), so I must needs confine myself to Cambridge-worthy of a far better pen than mine - hoping there are some among the readers of the Jottings not intimately acquainted therewith.
I am writing this letter at the opening of the May term, the shortest but by far the most enjoyable of them all. I say short because men who want to "keep" a full term are only obliged to "keep "49 nights." Keeping "a night," by the way, means being in college between 12 midnight and 6 in the morning. On one occasion, a man decided to ride home on his bicycle; as it was summertime, he wanted to start very early, and so he left off at 4 o'clock; on arriving home, he found a telegram awaiting him, which requested his return to college, as he had not "kept" his full term by two hours.
I said just above that this was the most enjoyable term ; these joys, however, I should mention, are by no means experienced by the third year " honours " men, whose tripos is fast approaching (though I am sure they make up for it after it's all over). They will have been " up " some time before most men arrive, putting in some extra work, for the time is now short before the "dies nefasti." "Tripos," by the way, is said to be derived from the word "tripod" or three-legged stool, on which the examiner sat facing the unfortunate candidates. This was in the days of " viva voce " exams., happily no longer now in existence.
The "Trips," as they are called, all come off this term, but in good time to leave things clear for May Week. Much ignorance exists, I believe, amongst most people with regard to the, term "May," as used at the Varsity. It is indeed, in itself, very misleading, for I may say at once that none of the things coupled with the word "May" have anything to do with the month alluded to at all. College " Mays," for instance, are exams. held at the end of terms either in December, March, or June : "May week" itself is in the early part of June, and likewise also the May races, and so on. May week begins on June 5th this year, and lasts about 10 days ("week," then, is another misnomer).
The first 4 days are devoted to the boat races, the most important events. Cambridge is crowded with visitors, and everyone almost goes down to the races; heaps of parties row up from the boathouses and line the bank with their boats, while others throng the "paddock" at Ditton, which is situated about half-way down the course, where the "gallery" bumps take place. It is said that some of the spectators care as little for the actual racing as the lady- who remarked that Henley would be really delightful if it wasn't for those tiresome races. However that may be, everyone seems very interested when the eights pass, though I admit the most exciting time is the return journey for those on the river.
The Cam, not being widely celebrated for any capacious breadth, is soon crowded from side to side. Rowing is out of the question very often; boats are incessantly running you down, and if you don't keep a good look-out your rudder will be unhooked and your boat will go anywhere but the right way then - this is a very old joke. There is, however, seldom an "upset" in spite of all the "mush." I have only seen two canoes upside down with their former occupants in the water, but canoes are a bit risky on occasions like this. Well, the rest of May week is given up to college balls and concerts, etc., and then we come to more serious things.
Visitors begin to disappear, and the examiners get their turn : tripos lists are now appearing, which had almost been forgotten in the past week. Men very seldom go to hear their own list read out, but send deputies, who return to congratulate or condole as the case may be. "Degree" day follows closely, and the rather tedious performance is for a few minutes relieved by the presentation of the famous wooden spoon to the last man in the mathematical tripos. When this happy man advances to receive his degree, a huge wooden shovel (bearing no resemblance to a spoon) is dangled in front of him from the gallery; as soon as he can manage to get hold of it he cuts it off and bears it away in triumph as a B.A. On one occasion a certain Vice Chancellor tried to abolish this ceremony, and every man who went up to the galleries was searched by the proctors. When the time came, however, there was the "spoon" again as usual dangling in front of the Vice-Chancellor himself.
So this brings us to the end of the term, and is perhaps a fitting end to this attempt at a description of something of what one experiences at Cambridge.

Nov. 1908.
SOLE CHARGE or curacy desired after January by Priest, Grad., young, single, experienced. Comradeship with vicar essential. Not "appendage" to Vicar's wife. Gladly specialise in visiting and preaching. O.K. 436, Church Times Office.

The Earl of Sefton, patron of the living of the parish of St. Chad, Kirkby, near Liverpool, has appointed the Rev. E. Vanderzee Fenn to succeed the present vicar, the Rev. R. Lloyd Crawley-Boevey, who will retire in August next.
The Rev. E. Vanderzee Fenn has for the past eight years been curate at Cuckfield, Haywards Heath, Sussex, where he has done excellent work. He is M.A. of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, and was ordained in 1903 by the Bishop of Truro, when he was licenced to St. Minver, Cornwall.
Lord Sefton has presented the Rev. E. Fenn, curate ''of Cuckfield, to the vicarage of Kirkby, near Liverpool which is worth about L300 a year, with house.
The handsome church at Kirkby was rebuilt by the late Lord Sefton at a cost of L18,000. It contains a remarkable Roman font, highly decorated.
Our readers will be much interested to hear that the Rev. E. V. Fenn will be inducted to the living of Kirkby on October 12th, at 7 p.m. (1915)

1939 Register
Vicarage , Towcester R.D., Northamptonshire, England
Ernest V Fenn20 Feb 1880 single Clerk In Holy Orders
Mary Legg 07 Nov 1863 Housekeeper Widow

In 1951 Van travelled out to New Zealand on the Dominion Monarch to visit his brother and family, the following are extracts from the diary he kept off the voyage.
Friday, January 12: At Waterloo I meet G Burne who comes to bid me farewell, though he cannot stay to see the trains start. We leave about 2.30 . . . . . I have a babe in the carriage who requires a good deal of attention . . . . . its dark and wet when we reach Southampton and I joined the long line at the Custom Sheds. I am only asked one or two questions before my suitcases are chalked and I can proceed on board. I soon find my cabin 183, very nice and comfortable and after a cup of tea I unpacked and arrange things. . . . . . We leave eventually at 6.30, I receive six telegrams and some farewell letters before we start. At 7.30 a vast menu is put before me in the dining salon, but I can only manage some soup and a little fish. I spend the evening in the smoking room and go to bed early.
Saturday, January 13: Rather a sleepless night. The wind and noises on board and the motion of the vessel keeps me awake. When I got up about seven I feel very bad with the rolling of the ship. I attempt some breakfast, but I must confess I was grievously sick afterwards and feel very shaky all morning though I do get on the games deck for a walk and a blow about 11 o'clock. It is still blowing hard and we roll over way through the bay. I missed lunch and tea and spent most of the afternoon in my cabin lying down, but by evening I do feel sufficiently well to have some soup and fish for dinner. I have a pipe in the smoking room and get into conversation with an Australian from Queensland. To bed 9 p.m.
Sunday, January 14 I have a much better night . . . . . 7.45 to the smoking room where the other C of E person on board takes a celebration . . . . . seven present only one lady. It is not quite so rough today and I manage to eat some breakfast and keep it down . . . . . At 10:31 of the officers takes matins in the lounge it is well filled . . . . . today temp 59F distance 454 total distance 829 miles.
Monday 15 January: It is warm today and I enjoy sitting in the sun on deck . . . . . the swimming pool is filled this afternoon . . . . . I have written to Adria and . . . . . At night attended the cinema . . . . . not very interesting . . . . . temp 60F distance 479 total 1208.
Tuesday 16 January: Wake about 5:30 lights in my porthole . . . . . Las Palma is prettily situated among the hills . . . . . volcanic in appearance. We are at once bordered by a number of main selling elaborate tablecloths, dolls, jewellery etc . . . . . I'd go ashore and join a couple of young people in a taxi and we drive of to the town. . . . . come to the Cathedral taken to the top of the tower in a lift there is a good view of the town. The cathedral itself is not very impressive and the glass is poor. . . . . in the main shopping centre and port the roads are lined with palm trees and bright flowers and some lovely villas . . . . . sailed after lunch. . . . . temp 66F distance 311 total 1519
Wednesday 17 January: A brilliant cloudless day. . . . . I have quiet day with reading and sitting out on deck . . . . . kindly couple sitting at my table. . . . . temp 70F distance 443 total 1962.
Thursday 18 January:. . . . . cloudless sky . . . . . Mrs S at my table has influenza . . . . . many such cases on board . . . . . tonight is very hot . . . . . temp 73F distance 475 total 2437.
Friday 19 January: . . . . . passing the Doldrums . . . . . sea smooth . . . . . many flying fish . . . . . get into conversation with a Presbyterian minister . . . . . an interesting man . . . . . has done excavation work in Palestine and Egypt. . . . . I hear there was a death on board Sir H. Harley . . . . . at 3 p.m. the ship's slows down and the burial takes place. . . . . sports take place. . . . . cinema show North Island of New Zealand. . . . . temp 83F distance 471 total 2908
Saturday 20 January: . . . . . 6:22 the swimming pool where I enjoyed a nice bathe. . . . . crossed the line today Neptune's Court come aboard. . . . . men are shaved . . . . . women's haircut with immense wooden scissors . . . . . temp 79F distance 480 (a record) total 3388
Friday 26 January:. . . . . I look out of my porthole and see Table Mountain and the houses and lights of Cape Town. . . . . went ashore some shopping sent of postcards three of us take a car and have a drive round the coast . . . . . visit the Botanical Gardens, Rhodes Memorial, . . . . . lunch a fruit meal at the "Waldorf" . . . . . visit St George's Cathedral where a black verger is going round with a mop . . . . . leave for Freemantle temp 65F distance 335 total 5992.
Saturday 27 January: It is a stormy day but decks are wet with flying spray . . . . . by the evening I am sea sick again to bed early. Temp 59F distance 290 total 6290
Monday 29 January: Less stormy today and tho far from being quite fit I can take my meals and set on deck . . . . . it is rather chilly temp 56F distance 447 total 7182
Monday 5 February: Fine and warm got to my trunk in the baggage room and took out some clothing . . . . . assemble in the lounge to get the landing card and to pass the doctor . . . . . visited the kitchens. Temp 67F distance 471 total 10424
Tuesday 6 February: Fine and warm . . . . . 6:30 to the lounge for medical inspection before the ship can enter harbour . . . . . took a bus from Freemantle . . . . . into Perth to see something of the town . . . . . 1 p.m. to sea again . . . . . rough temp 71F distance 332 total 10756
Wednesday 7 February: Ash Wednesday . . . . . celebration at 7:45 (Communion) Allerton is rather absent-minded and leaves out the creed . . . . . ship rolling . . . . . temp 61F dist 417 total 11173
Saturday 10 February: . . . . . in Melbourne . . . . . Mary and Joan kindly come to meet the boat . . . . . take me around the city . . . . . we lunch together. . . . . they then come on board and see over the ship.

New Zealand Post Office telegram
9 July 1955
Reverent E. Fenn
Hospital Timaru.
Very sorry indeed to hear of your accident may you soon be more comfortable thinking of you.

Rev E. V. Fenn
Served Church Over 50 Years
The Rev. E. V. Fenn, who died in Timaru yesterday, was a minister of the Anglican Church in England for many years before retiring and coming to live in Timaru. A few years ago he celebrated 50 years of ordination, and received many congratulatory messages from the parishioners he served so well at Home.
Mr Fenn, who was a bachelor, lived with his brother, Mr H. L. Fenn, at Gleniti. He was well known for his work at St. John's Church, Highfield, where he was ever ready to assist at services and for a period relieved as vicar.
In his quiet and efficient way Mr Fenn served the church faithfully and well for more than 50 years His work at St. John's will long be remembered.
Timaru Herald - Jan 1956.

Tributes Paid at Funeral of Rev E. V. Fenn
A tribute to a "great friend and a great priest of the church" was paid by the Rev. R. P. Andrews at the funeral of the Rev. E. V. Fenn held in St John's, Highfield, .yesterday. There was a large attendance of parishioners and friends of the late Mr Fenn.
"Mr Fenn was a man of real humility and sincerity," said Mr Andrews.
He mentioned that in the Sanctuary at St John's was a prie dieu which Mr Fenn had given the church to commemorate his 50 years in the ministry.
Mr Andrews also spoke of the great help given St John's by Mr Fenn during the last five years, particularly at the time the ministry was vacant, and when he, Mr Andrews, was without the services of an assistant curate.
During the service at the church the choir sang Psalm 23 and the hymn "Now Thank We All Our God."
Assisting Mr Andrews at the services at the church and at the graveside was the Rev. B. A. W. Beckett, and the clergy was represented by the Rev. Canon H. S. Hamilton, Waihao Downs, the Rev. L. E. Cartridge, of Waimate, and the Rev. G. S. Lamont, of St Mary's, Timaru. Two members of the clergy, the Rev. J. Thomas, of St Peter's, Kensington, and the Rev. A. A. Purchas, of Fairlie, were pallbearers.
Timaru Herald - Jan 1956

Memorial Service
To Rev. E. V. Fenn
Held at St. John's (Timaru NZ)
"Seek those things that are above, where Christ sitteth at the right hand of God"
How true these words are of Ernest Vanderzee Fenn," said the vicar, the Rev. R. P. Andrews, at the memorial service to the Rev. E. V. Fenn held in St John's, Highfield, last night.
"When a man is ordained to the ministry he is called upon to make his main interest the things of God, the teaching and spiritual welfare of God's children; and to make his main study the Word of God. After 50 years, even when he had retired from active ministry, Mr Fenn never failed each day to read his Bible and to study it in the original texts of Greek and Latin; and also to say the daily offices of Matins and Evensong.
"His mind was indeed set upon the things above, and yet this interest in the Scriptures and in prayer went hand-in-hand with a lively interest in people and, especially, a desire to help whenever possible. Mr Fenn, who was a nephew of our late Archbishop Julius, took his M.A. degree at, Cambridge University and studied at Wells Theological College. After serving two curacies, he was vicar of Kirkby for 12 years and of Lois Weedon for 24 years.
"It was a happy day for this parish when, on his retirement, Mr Fenn came to visit the home of his brother at Gleniti and a happier day still when he found such a warm and happy welcome that he decided to stay. We have often had reason to be grateful for his ready and able assistance in this parish. For two months before I came to St. John's Mr Fenn conducted all the services; and during my first year, when we had no assistant curate, he gave invaluable help, enabling us to increase the services in the other centre's.
"I know that you appreciated, as I did, his sincere desire to be of assistance; and his helpful sermons which, while giving evidence of his careful Bible study, always contained a message to take away. But it is not only in this parish that Mr Fenn gave such willing and able help. In almost every parish in South Canterbury he took services, sometimes for several weeks at a time"
"But I think the two things for which most of us will remember Van Fenn are his simple and sincere humility and his thoughtfulness for others. His humility was rooted in his love of God and his consciousness of God's blessings. When he had completed 50 years in the ministry his first thought was, How can I in some tangible way express my thanks to God and we are proud to have in our, church his beautiful gift for this purpose"
"His thoughtfulness for others, often when he might so well have been thinking of himself, has been an example to all of us. We shall long remember his many acts of unselfish kindness, and remembering will help us to do the same.
"Here was a man who, at the call of God, set his affections on things above, and who found the love of God and the work of the ministry thrilling and satisfying.
"And so as we offer our sympathy to those from whose family circle, he will be sadly missed, we thank God for the wonderful example of his life and ministry; and also for the joyful knowledge that our loved ones do not die, but pass as it were through a doorway to a larger and brighter room.
"Of Ernest Vanderzee Fenn it, may well be said:
Blessed are the dead that die in the Lord, even so saith the Spirit, for they rest from their labours' And for ourselves, this promise of St. Paul is true; if we will set our affections upon things above, then Christ, Who is our life, shall appear, then shall we appear with Him in Glory".
Assisting Mr Andrews at the services at the church and at the graveside were the Rev B.A.W. Beckett, and the clergy was represented by the Rev Canon H. S. Hamilton, Waihao Downs, the Rev L. E. Cartridge of Waimate, and the Rev G. S. Lamont of St Mary's, Timaru. Two members of the clergy, the Rev Jim Thomas of St Peter's, Kensington, and the Rev A. A. Purchas, of Fairlie, were pallbearers, also Edward Elworthy, Hamilton Sinclair-Thomson, Dr Melville Brookfield, & Edward Fenn.
Timaru Herald - 1956

Catalogue of (Fenn) Family Memorabilia, Ref S/49 has a collection of three of Van's sermon notes.

Research Notes:
Later date of ordination from his diary and confirmed in a postcard to Van from his Aunt Isabella Cotes dated 17 Mar 1904.

From a collection of letters, from parishioners, kept by Van.
Dear Sir just a line to ask you kindly if you could posoble marry me and George next Wensday as he had the bands put up here as well and he cannot get the paper or else we're going to have the weeding Wensday next half past 9 but he say he cant get the paper Sir mother is so worried about it and we have written to our relations to come as he told us two and do not know what two do if you cannot do it Sir could you kindly have the bands called to Morrow Sunday both of this parish as he always here Sir mother is so worried Sir about me it hard for her to keep me at home so long A is now I've been at home And it so hard for her to bear Sir we should take a lot of her mind if you could marry us next Wensday he is coming to see you this morning Sir or could you come to see mother of this morning Sir she be home morning but out after dinner
From your truly E. Rowland

From a school friend.
Temple Grove
East Sheen
Friday. (1893)
My Dear Fenn,
I hope you like Tiverton. I know one of the chaps at home, his name is Spring. I hope you like him. We had our holidays the first month at a place near Midhurst. Everybody here misses you dreadfully, and the spirit has quite gone out of Bateman.
We went to Portsmouth and all went over the Royal Sovereign. There are lots of new chaps, another, Clarke, Drake, Gibbs and loads of others.
I'm afraid I must stop now.
Ever you're affectionately

St John's School,
February 20th 07.
My dear Mr Fenn,
thank you very much for your kind letter, I hope you will settle down at Kuckfield soon and that you will eventually like the place. It was kind of you to say that you would never get a kinder vicar than father, and I quite believe it: we, on our part will never get a nicer curate, or anybody more unselfish than you. I hope you won't mind me saying this - and really every one of our family like you extremely and all felt like weeping when we heard you had to go - and I bet 2d Mary did.
St Minver is all very nice in its way but too quiet in the winter pour moi. I have given up smoking for Lent and a few other things too - I really don't smoke much. I bewail the fact that I am leaving this place at the end of term - I get a ripping time here and like no end. Father doesn't care for the church teaching here and another thing can't afford L.60 a year when he might be paying half that amount at Kings. Father doesn't think I do well here, because I have never brought back a prize - I might have perhaps if I was allowed to go in for sports. Any rate I shall try my hand at that next term at Kings - I shan't be stopped there. I expect you think me the black sheep of the family - and there you're right - Jack and Paul are much better and "gooder" than I ditto Mary. Jack and Paul are jolly good sorts and Mary too - although I often have rows with them. Well I will stop here.
With Love to you I am Yrs.
Affectionately Marc Antony B

Medical Notes:
Van contracted polio as a young man and suffered a withered left hand as a result. He called this paralysed hand "icy".

Other Records

1. Census: England, 3 Apr 1881, 1 Portland Tce The Green Richmond SRY. Van is recorded as a son, aged 1yr, born Richmond SRY.

2. Census: England, 5 Apr 1891, 1 Portland Tce The Green Richmond SRY. Van is recorded as a son aged 11 born Richmond SRY

3. Census: England, 31 Mar 1901, Wentworth Hse The Green Richmond SRY. Van is described as a visitor single aged 21 an undergraduate stu born Richmond SRY

4. Van as Young Man: Images of Van, note his withered hand from polio, and his Cambridge Study, Youth, Richmond SRY, Colchester ESS, Cambridge CAM.

5. Van's Childhood Letters: With undated letter from his Nanny, c1885, 27 Feb 1889. Dear Harry
I wish you many happy returns of the day we went to the boat race Oxford won I wish you were Cambridge I will keep your present till Easter which is not far off.
From your loving brother
Vandy Fenn turn over
PS Nanny Baa all send their love and Baa sends 1000 kisses excuse the writing I am in a hurry.
Small notepaper has a cat's head on it.

Feb 27, 1889
Dear Harry
I thank you very much for the nice letter you sent me. I liked it very much. I had about six presents. Auntie Polly gave me a very large box of bricks, Miss Quirke, a game of snap, I went to William Whiteley's on Thursday with Auntie Polly I went to tea with Aunt Isabella on Friday. Mrs Duncan gave us a very nice mail cart Cyril can pull me. Cyril and King Baa and Nanny Goat send their love and 10 kisses.
From your loving brother
Vandy Fenn

The following is a letter to Van at school from his Nanny :
Dear Vandy
I am sending your flannel shirts you will find them so nice and warm when the cold weather comes. I am so glad dear to hear that you like your school, dear Baa and I are often talk of you we shall be pleased to to see you when you come home is not the time passing quickly. I had such a nice letter from Hawa* on Monday he told me he was writing to you, Baa does lessons with me every day he has begun to make letters he does a 7 b, he is so pleased he can make b's. He sends you his love and a big kiss.
With love to you
Nanny Goat
*Harold Fenn his brother

6. Van's Schoolboy Letters: 23 Feb 1890, 4 May 1890, 27 Mar 1891. February 23, 1890
Dear Harry,
Thank you very much for the letter you sent me. On my birthday father gave me a little clock like yours. One night Tip ran away from Nelly and came back at two in the morning. I had lots of presents Nanny gave me a purse auntie Polly a very nice game called Halma, Cyril a railway game and Dolly plant. In the afternoon we went to the Covent Garden Circus it was very nice there was a lion on a horse. There was some very funny clown's there.
With love from all especially the Emperor Baa.
From your loving brother
Vandy Fenn
PS I am sorry for plotting paper broke. Turn over
The back page has a childish sketch named Nanny.

Temple Grove
May 4, 1890
Dear Aunt Polly
I am removed to the fifth class the work is not hard did Harry and Charlie go off alright. Shall I write to you next week or shall I write to Nanny Goat I hope Cyril will like his school he will just be able to hear my letter I have not much to say we have begun cricket it is very nice Carpenter is the name of Mrs Oven's boy he lives next door but one he is rather nice there are a lot of new boyes this term will you ask father if he knows a boy called Wade he is at Wedderlie. I have no more to say and give my love to father Cyril Baa and Nanny. From your loving boy
E. V. Fenn
PS I hope Tip is quite well and thank Cyril for his letter.

March 27th 1891
Dear Harry
I wish you many happy returns of the day. I am sorry I have not written to you this term. I came home on Tuesday for the holidays and go back on the 22nd of April. Father is better today he has a nurse who sits up at night and goes to bed in the day. We went to tea with Miss Quirke on Tuesday evening. Cyril and me are getting up and act for you and Charlie called "Scenes from Ivanhoe". I cannot give you a present now but I will in the holidays. Cyril breaks up on the 26th and has 10 days holiday. On my birthday Father gave me a stamp album aunt Isabella a book of Ivanhoe Miss Quirke a birthday book. From your loving brother.
Ernest V Fenn

7. Van Education At Blundell's School: 1893 1898, Tiverton DEV.

8. Blundells School Calendar: Christmas Term, 1893.

9. Van the Poet: To His New Sister Adria, Death of Their Dog Tip., 1895. Ode To the New Baby And the Fenn Family.
1. It was an autumn evening,
And the sun had sunk to rest
When the event took place, which I
Will tell at thy behest
2. At Colchester a famous town
Near England's eastern shore
There dwelt a family of Fenns
Famous in time of yore
3. The father was a doctor grand
He'd six sons (one a baby)
But now instead of any boys
He wanted a young lady
4. Well on this night the story goes
The wish was brought to pass
A little baby girl was born
A fat and charming lass
5. And soon the joyful news was spread
Through England high and low
To Stubbington and Tiverton
To London and Veytaux
6. For of these Fenn's the eldest was
A student up in town
Who worked all day and slept all night
And wore a cap and gown
7. The second son was far away
In Switzerland's fair land
He had a tutor and was trained
For engineering grand
8. The third and fourth in distant parts
Were being taught at school
The fifth son still remained at home
Under a lady's rule
9. The sixth was not yet two years old
And could not speak one word
The seventh was the baby
Of whom you all have heard
10. Yes we seven now in all
As happy as can be
Six manly boys and now at last
A gentle little she
E. V. F.

Ode To Sir Thomas Tiptree Esq
of Grey Friars Colchester
by Ernest V. Fenn Esq
of Blundell's School Tiverton.
Ode To What Dog
Why Tipy! our Tipy!
1. Who is lying in the playroom
With his nose upon his paw
Staring straight into the fire
Wishing now for nothing more
2. Why t'is Tip that dog of beauty
Who is lying on the rug
He's a slender made for service
Not a fat and ugly Pug
3. When his master standing near him
Throws a pebble or a stick
With a bark and with a scamper
He is off and running quick
4. He has now six noble masters
And a little mistress fair
Yes the Echo answers gently
She was only born the year
5. Yes his master's love him dearly
And they give him names so rum
As Chameleon oh how leafley
Comey, Yoney, Will he hum
6. When the holidays are over
And the cab is at the door
How he cries and moans unhappy
Gently lifting up one paw
7. But the day that brings his master's
Home to see his face again
Makes him happy makes him joyful
Takes away his grief and pain
8. Now I send my ode to Tiptree
Please except it read it see
Whether it is written worthy
Of a person like to me.
E. V. F.
November 1895.
(In verse 2 last line the editor sends his apologies to Miss Haddon)

In Memory
Sir Thomas Tiptree
"The Well Welly One"
June 1889 - November 15th 1901.

Die canis ossa iacent nobis constantis amici
Dog bones lie our steadfast friend?
Duem longe comitem nos themi hisse iuvet
Here lyeth one, who to the end
Was ever true and constant friend
He lived to good old age, and we
Take pleasure in his memory

10. Van's Sundry Papers: Baptism/Confirmation, School Reports and Ordination details. Blundell's School,
November 26 (97?)
Mr Ernest Vanderzee Fenn has been a pupil at the school for the last four years. During this time he has been a very good character.
A L. Francis M. A.

11. Van Sundry Papers: Post Cards and Play on Names of Dicken's Books. E. J. Fenn Esq.
School House
Oxford May 19, (1900)
Here am I in Oxford for a two days holiday. Enjoying things immensely. Return to college tonight in time to see the Cambridge "rag" tonight in honour of the Relief of Mafeking.
E. V. F.
Postcard embossed Oxford Union Society.

The Works of Charles Dickens
Oliver Twist who had seen some very Hard Times in The Battle of Life had been saved from The Wreck of the Golden Mary by Our Mutual Friend. Nicholas Nickleby had just finished reading A Tale of Two Cities to Martin Chuzzlewit while The Cricket on the Hearth was chirping merrily. The Chimes from the adjacent church were distinctly heard, when Seven Poor Travellers commenced singing A Christmas Carol. Barnaby Rudge then arrived from The Old Curiosity Shop with some Pictures from Italy and Sketches by Boz to show Little Dorrit who was busy sorting The Pickwick Papers. David Copperfield who had been taking American Notes then entered and informed the company that The Great Expectations of Dombey and Son respecting Mrs Lirriper's Legacy had not been realised. He also told them that he had been watching Boots at The Holly Tree inn taking Somebody's Luggage from Mugly Junction to Mrs Lirriper's Lodgings in a street that has No Thoroughfare opposite Bleak House where The Haunted Man had given one of Dr Marigold's Prescriptions to aid The Commercial Traveller who was brooding over The Mystery of Edwin Drood

Postcard addressed
Harold L. Fenn
Holme Station
New Zealand
Dated November 14 07
This parcel comes I fear too late for Christmas: but it will do for a New Year's gift. I suppose you still smoke, and so after wondering what to buy I decided on a pipe. Tell me some time whether you can get nice tobacco etc. I am hoping to see Bertha and Ada one day soon, but the date of their arrival at Brighton is not yet settled. They are now a Nayland.
Thursday the 14th of November 1907.

12. Van's Letters: To His Brother Harry in NZ, 27 Mar 1906, 6 Nov 1906, 6 Nov 1907, St Minver Cornwall. (Begun) 27th March 1906
St Minver Wadebridge.
My dear Harry
I have just had a letter from Father telling me of your departure and how Charlie, Cyril and Edgar were down at Tilbury with you. I had intended to send you a wire, but did not find out the time of your departure etc, so I hastily wrote a note and send it to Streatham via Charlie - I hope you got it. Then on studying the papers I see that the Tongariro spent half a day at Plymouth. Would that I had known it beforehand for I should certainly have come up to see you. However it is too late and it is no use crying over lost opportunities. Then, Henry my boy I ought to have sent you a birthday and a parting present, but I put it off till too late: and parcels cost a lot, I suppose, to NZ. Never mind I must make you a present of all I say. Well, by the time you get this I suppose you will be in the Episcopal residence, for I want to send this off by this week's mail. I am thinking about you now in this bitter weather, he with such strong E winds and am wondering what sort of a passage you are having through the famous Bay of Biscay, and what sort of a travelling companion Mr Morris turns out to be. I hope you are going through the voyage without seasickness. Several people have spoken about you here; indeed your visit caused quite a little excitement in the parish. Here I must bring the first instalment of my letter to an end. I still grieve over the fact that I let you go away without sending you a farewell gift. I am sorry brother.
March 28th
Many happy returns of the day. Your birthday here is a brilliant sun shining day, but it still blows hard and cold from the NE I am anxiously awaiting the arrival of your bicycle, I dare say it will arrive before the end of the week, otherwise I shall write and hurry Paull up a little. We had an exciting incident at one of the farms last week. A young fellow went off his head suddenly and attacked his aunt, sister and brother: they tried to keep him in a room while the aunt ran to help, but he smashed the door and pursued the old lady knocking her down with an axe: but his brother and sister then tackled him and managed to hold him, in spite of bites and kicks, until help came. We are all very thankful it was not much worse for he might have killed all three had it happened at night. The old aunt is recovering fast. By the way the Sunday you were at St Minver vicarage you met her sister, Miss Tummon, (pronounced Tumon) after service, when she had come in for her magazines.
March 30th
Here there is a delay of two days, and certainly this letter will not go till next week's mail now. We have got a beautiful day today reminding me of the weather we had while you were staying with me. It really was providential having such grand weather those few days. I am sure we have not had anything like it since, nor for many weeks before you came. I shall long remember our trip to Trevose lighthouse, and to Pentire etc, and our Sunday together. I had a letter from Dolly the other day urging me to offer for a curacy in Richmond as Mr Binny is still advertising for another priest: but I am sure Richmond would not suit me. I know too many people! I suppose you managed to pay all your farewell visits, but you must have had a rush at the last. We are getting near Easter now and our practising our anthem, Wesley's "Blessed be God". I hope choir and organist do not break down. We hope to have the "choral" concert on April 25 when we perform our "oratorio" and we only have one or two more practises left for that. I went over to St Kew last week to preach on a Wednesday evening. It was a somewhat gloomy service, and the organ blower added to the strangeness of the proceedings by letting the wind out and producing that weird noises which Edgar used to call a goat's noise? or something of that kind, when you had your All Saints recitals. In my sermon I suddenly perceived the book rest in the pulpit vanishing below and could do nothing to arrest its downward progress. However it did not put me out at all and I let it go down as far as it liked. It's getting on for 2.30 so I must be off to do some visiting and continue this epistle another time.
April 2nd
Another two days interval. Yesterday being Sunday I had no time for writing nor yet on Saturday. Your bicycle has arrived quite safely and in good condition. It came out by the bus on Friday and I unpacked it at once and rode up to Churchtown that evening for choir practice on my new treasure. It is nice after my old fixed wheel and chain cracking bike. I feel that you did not make me give you enough for it. Thank you muchly for letting me have it. I was wondering yesterday what sort of a Sunday you had, whether there was any clergyman on board or any attempt made to have a Sunday service. The weather has improved a little now, and we had a beautiful evening yesterday. I was preaching at St Minver evensong and had a nice congregation to talk to. This morning I had a long letter from Aunt Isabella, with an account of Harold Hand's death. I had heard nothing of it, save a bare mention of the fact from a letter of Dolly's, so I was glad to hear about it. Aunt Annie seems dreadfully upset; altogether it was so sudden and unexpected. Edgar paid Aunt I a visit, he was stopping with Charlie apparently, for the sports. Cambridge had an easy beating, seven events to three and probably will be defeated in the boat race also this year. I shall miss your telegram, which for two years has brought the news to St Minver so speedily, but if Edgar goes up I must make him wire. It seems odd to think that when you get this letter, the race will have been over for about six weeks! I wonder if news such as the Oxford Cambridge race gets out speedily to NZ. I have not heard anything of Polly Julius (as she was) though I suppose she must be in England now. You must give my love to all at Bishops Court Uncle Churchill, Aunt Alice, Ada and Bertha, but I do not think I have ever set eyes on Ada and certainly I have not seen Bertha (so tall!). Here comes dinner I must go on another time.
April 4th
I am going to finish off this epistle today so that you may get it by the time you reach NZ or soon after. I had Paull's bill today, very moderate charges considering all he did in the way of cleaning, overhauling etc: also a letter from old Mrs Smith of Richmond. She had heard from Father of your departure and wished me when I wrote to you to tell you that she sends every good wish for your future prosperity. She went back to reminiscences of Fonnnereau House??, etc. I always connect Mrs S. with invitations to drink tea with her, to meet Rosy, and to sit in her pew!. Edgar has sent me a long account of the Varsity sports. A Keble man won the 3 miles much to Edgar's satisfaction. I shall never forget the sports day when Dolly was with us, and we fought for a cup of tea afterwards and were charged ruinous prices. The betting on the Varsity Boat Race has veered round to Cambridge now but they are fully trained and in danger of overtraining. However we are looking forward to a good struggle on Saturday. When you are in Christchurch seek out a good worthy man by name Rogers incumbent St Albans Church, I fancy; Uncle Churchill will know him. He comes from these parts; knows Mrs Hereford and would be very interested to see you and hear about your visit to St Minver and your meeting with Mrs H. I am hoping this letter will not be more than 21/2oz for I am sending it for a penny and don't want to begin by overcharging you. Whenever you get a spare moment to write, your letters will now be exceedingly welcome. You had better right general epistles home which Father can send round the family.
Goodbye, and please give my love to everybody at Bishops Court. This is a very disjointed letter, I am afraid, and full of nothing in particular. Edgar said, by the way, that he never saw Charlie give you any note from me so I am afraid you'd never got my farewell message. I am sorry. Here I must end up wishing you speed his success in picking up a job and every happiness in your abode the other side of the globe.
I remain
Ever your affectionate brother
E. Vanderzee Fenn.

St Minver
November 6, 1906
My dear Harry
After a careful study of the calendar I conclude that a letter dispatched this week will reach you just before the 25th of next month: so I am now writing to wish you a very happy Christmas, and this letter is my Christmas card! I suppose you will hardly be dining off roast turkey and hot plum pudding or mince pies, in the middle of summer, but that your Christmas fare will correspond to the season of the year; perhaps including ices amoungst other cold collations. Anyhow I do hope you will enjoy your Christmas Day, though I suppose there will be no hope of your getting to Timaru for a celebration or an ordinary service with the good old Christmas hymns. I had hoped to secure a short holiday at that time between my departure from St Minver and my settling down to work in my new parish so as to have one more Christmas Day at home, a function I have missed now for three years, but I decided to stay on here and help my vicar through the day as at present he has not succeeded in getting anyone to fill my place. I shall probably be leaving here on or about January 2nd or by the following Sunday, the Epiphany Festival, I shall be starting work at Cuckfield. That is the name of the parish to which, according to present arrangements, I am going next year. Perhaps Father in his fortnightly epistles has given you some account of my recent doings, however at the risk of a repetition I will tell you something of Cuckfield and my visit there last month. First let me tell you before I went up to Cuckfield I had visits from Cyril and Edgar. Cyril only for a few days; but Edgar stayed a fortnight he came just in time for our harvest festival, which I think he much enjoyed with the red coat band and the big tea and the bright services - wopee. Evensong when the vicar's brother, organist of All Saints Clifton and a Mus.Bac. of Oxford played the organ.
I told Edgar to be sure and come in time for this Wednesday, for there was to be a Mus Bac playing the organ, "whose head stuck out fearfully". He also gave a recital in the afternoon. Edgar told me about Arthur Hansell's and Polly's visit to Alston Court and how he used to try and enliven the conversation of an evening by introducing some tit bits gleaned from the columns of the East Anglian. "The King's Arrival at Dover", "Brutal Murder at Diss", etc etc but his remarks usually fell rather flat. The last expression "Brutal Murder at Diss" has now become quite a proverb in the family, at least amongst ourselves. But I am wandering - Edgar also enjoyed some good walks with me. I took him over to Padstow etc: and a Mr Campbell of Rock gave him a sail in his yacht one afternoon. Edgar proved to be an excellent sailor. At other times he seemed to amuse himself chiefly with an old Cambridge calendar in my room and before he left me he had compiled a marvellous collection of statistics e.g. the number of Trinity men who gained a first classes in mathematics since the first Tripos lists were printed. I used to see him running his eye and his pencil down the pages and counting with evident keenness and joy. Soon after Edgar left me I went up to Cuckfield to pay the vicar at visit and decide about going there. I travelled up by night, and arrived at Paddington adds 6.40 on a Tuesday morning. Following your example, on an historic occasion. I then went down to Wentworth House for breakfast: just met Gerald, as he was crossing the Little Green and also saw Grace, Algernon, and Mabel: the others were away from home. I had several hours to spend in Richmond but unfortunately Dolly and Aunt I were staying at Norwood: however I visit the parish church and saw the new chancel for the first time, and I also saw old Mrs Smith (who enquired affectionately after Harry), Mrs Knott and the Quirks! I fear I missed the Bridge House family, but Linnie talked so long that I had no time left in the afternoon. I went on to Clapham Junction about 4 p.m. and from there to Haywards Heath (L.B. & S.C.R.) in Sussex, which is the station for Cuckfield, 2 miles distant. It is an old-fashioned country town with a population of some 3000 (rather less) and very nice church holding about 600 people: there are also two mission churches. The vicar, Canon Cooper, received me at the vicarage as his guest, for two nights. I attended two or three services on the Wednesday and Thursday morning and Smith the present Assistant Curate showed me a good part of the parish and also The Clergy House, where he and I are to live together. Eight comfortable abode with a bedroom and sitting room apiece, and a common dining room with a good library in it, also a bathroom, and a nice little oratory. On the Thursday morning I departed and made my way to Streatham Hill Station and thence to what we call "The Streatham Hotel" (5A Streatham Place)! I arrived by lunchtime, and subsequently Charlie and I by means of tram and the Bakerloo Tube made our way to Regents Park and spent a pleasant and profitable time in the zoo. We saw as much as we could in an hour and a half, for they close the place at sunset and we did not get there till nearly 4. I was lucky to catch Charlie for the full day he had arranged to go down to Nayland for the remaining week of his month's holiday. So next morning we went out to the city together and he saw me off at Waterloo, before going on to Liverpool St himself. So I am back here again for two months more before the sad day of bidding farewell to St Minver.
I see that the big exhibition at Christchurch is just open; and I hope you may have an opportunity of going to see it. Sorry to hear that Ada has been so poorly, trust all is well with her again now. Also I hope you are not having any more asthma NZ or not to give it to you with its grand climate. I suppose you can gaze across the noble peak of Mount Oteaka to the south, or the grand range of Hunters Hills! You see I have studied your surroundings on the map. It was strange you should have come across Mr Rogers at Christchurch. I will tell Mrs Hereford when next I see her, she has been away for some months but is expected today, I say is expected but it is now 11:15 p.m. so I hope she has arrived.
I am hastening on with this epistle lest I should not have time to finish off tomorrow. For Wednesday is a busy day with me, as I have an address to prepare for a midweek service. Tomorrow evening the ringers have a supper at the vicarage and I hope to be up there in time to join in the sing song afterwards. It is a bit of a function as one is expected to sing a song with no accompaniment. I sang "Hearts of Oak" last year. They want something with a chorus. We have started out Choral Society practises for the season. We are learning Ebenezer Prouts cantata "Alfred" somewhat difficult but good music. Last night (5th) we had a good time with bonfire and fireworks: for St Minver still keeps up the old Festival. The fireworks were meagre certainly, and somewhat remind me of a marvellous Greyfriars displays. Do you recollect the rocket that actually went up over the evergreen oak! And the Catherine wheels would not spin.
Well Henry, I must bid you farewell, and depart to bed. Again a Merry Christmas to you and a happy and prosperous New Year, and many of'em.
My love to Ella and any of our folk you may see from time to time.
With love and many good wishes.
I remain
Your affectionate brother
E. Vanderzee Fenn.

The Clergy House
Cuckfield Sussex
November 6, 1907.
My dear Harry,
Herewith to wish you a Merry Christmas and a happy and prosperous New Year. I hope I this time boils, blains and blisters are at an end and that you are quite well. I was down in Brighton yesterday to see Aunt Ada and Uncle Henry who are back once again in Devonshire Place for the winter. Uncle H. seems much better, we all had a walk along the front and plea and a chat and then I had to catch a train to get back by 7.00. I hope to go again in a fortnight's time when Ada and Bertha will be spending a few days with them. I shall be glad of an opportunity of seeing the two Julius cousins before they return to NZ next January. Charlie met them in London when they were nursing at St Bart's: and heartily sick of this work did they get there for the three months were out. I believe they are now down at Nayland. I am glad to hear that Father is fairly well now and will therefore be able to enjoy their visit better. He seems to have improved rather since the attack he had at the beginning of August when I was home. If only he could feel quite sure of not having any more of these kind of fits I think he would wish to be doing a good deal more than he now attempts.
I am hoping that this letter will reach you in good time for Christmas. Aunt A. said yesterday that the mail this week would be soon enough for NZ letters. I suppose you still approve of the Weekly Daily Mail etc I arranged to send last November: this year Charlie tells me he wishes to make you a Christmas present of another year's issue of this paper. I hope it gets to you in good time, please write and complain if it is forgotten or irregular or if there be any faults to find.
It is getting chilly now and we are glad of fires all day: just when you are beginning to revel in summer weather. I have just had an afternoon visiting, having to go to a distant cottage to baptise a poor three weeks old infant bad with whooping cough, amoungst other visits. I find your bicycle still a good friend and most useful here.
(Later) I had to stop here for Evensong and then I have had a singing lesson with the organist and now it is getting late but I must write a bit more, for this letter must be posted midday tomorrow. I have just started a course of lessons with a Attewell our organist. He teaches very nicely and I hope to develop my voice a bit under his tuition, of course this will be most useful to me as I have to a good bit of singing. I have joined the Cuckfield Musical Society this season and we have begun to learn the Messiah!. Last night we were doing the Amen Chorus and Worthy is the Lamb. It is grand music, but I find it difficult to read at first and I listen a good deal to the other basses.
I am sorry to say that Smith, my fellow curate is leaving the parish next Saturday. So far this place is not filled and I am fearing that I shall have to live alone for a time. Not a pleasant outlook. We have got on well together. Meantime I have taken over the housekeeping work so as to get used to it. The vicar as you know perhaps is getting an old man (he is now 76) so it will be hard to be alone in the parish with him. Well I must stop now as it is nearly 11.00 and finish tomorrow. Thursday is my school day. I take to standards of boys at 9.00 and 2 of girls at 11.30. I am getting to like teaching in school although it is difficult and the classes are big, I have had nearly 50 at the time.
November 7th
I have finished my schoolwork and since 12.00 have been up at the Drill Hall watching the boys shooting at the miniature range. A sergeant comes up every Monday and Thursday and trains them in shooting, some are doing very well. They are chiefly small boys of ages ranging from 10 to 15 or so: and it is a great thing for them to learn to shoot early.
I suppose you have heard that Dick has gone out to Canada. I had from Lucy and a few weeks ago and she told me he had arrived at the end of his sea voyage, but I have not yet heard whether he has happily settled to his new work. I am told that he is to act as tutor to two small boys whose father owns a ranch in the wilds of British Columbia.
You remember my friend Hobday I expect. He has again been laid up and is coming down tomorrow from his London parish to spend a few days with us here, to see if country a will set him up again. I have heard rumours about Cyril being on leave lately but have not written to him for some time. However I learned from Father that Miss Dorothy Denham (the great "Dosy" of whom you have doubtless heard much) has been staying with the Dudgeons's. She very often managers to get her Nayland visits arranged to suit Cyril's "leaves" curiously enough. When I have been at home with Cyril and Dosy is staying in the village, I find that hardly a day passes but what Cyril is dining or having tea or calling at "Stourbank" or else he goes for a walk along that particular road in hopes of meeting her! In fact he is much smitten. Personally I do not think any of us are struck with this fair lady. When Charlie was acting last summer in Nayland she had to fall into his arms etc Cyril was not at home then.
Well Henrico, I hope you will have a nice Christmas and plenty of good cheer one way or another Aunt A wanted me to partake of a Christmas dinner in Brighton, but it will (be) such a busy day for me that I should be unable to get away.
I hope you are well now - no boils, no asthma.
With my love and all good wishes
Your affectionate brother
E. Vanderzee Fenn
Perchance a later mail may bring somewhat. . . . .

13. Van's Letters: To Edward G P Fenn 1918, Margot Fenn in NZ, and from Bishop of Oxford, 26 Aug 1918, 4 Feb 1940, 17 Aug 1942. Kirkby Vicarage
August 26, 1918.
My dear Robert,
It has occurred to me that I shall be very late in sending you my good wishes for your birthday next Monday (2 Sept), as I fear these lines of greeting will not reach you until long after the happy event is celebrated. However late though it be I send a hearty message of all good wishes. You will be spending your birthday under very different conditions from those of 1917 when you were honouring me with your company, and giving me a very pleasant weekend. No one of the family has since been able to get so far as Kirkby, Edgar doubted whether he would get a holiday at all, but since his rector, Cohen, has been away, perhaps he will feel it duty-bound to give his . . . . . curate a brief period of leisure.
We have just had a week of glorious weather (August 18 - 24) but yesterday, Sunday, it poured with rain and harvesting has been hindered today. The crops are excellent and if good weather can be relied upon the yield should be well above the average and make is still more independent of the boat ravages.
The Germans are getting it hot just now, and by the time you get this I hope they will be back to the old Hindenburg line - or even further towards the Rhine. Can you get books in Egypt? If not I should like to send you a book called "The Loom of Youth" written by a youth of 17 it is said, one Alec Waugh and purporting to be a true and genuine account of public school life at Sherborne. Though the school is, by way of camouflage, spoken of as being in Derbyshire. However the ball is journey to and from Waterloo! which no one in Derbyshire would be capable of doing. When you next write tell me if you have read it and if so is it a base libel on Sherborne and its masters? The language is not camouflaged.
I had a visit from my old college tutor G. M. Edwards of Sidney, at the beginning of August. He is staying in Chester and came over for a few hours. It was nice to have a chat of old Cambridge days.
Well my brother I trust you are "in the pink" as it leaves me a present.
All good wishes
Your affectionate brother
E. Vanderzee Fenn.
PS I will send you the Loom of Youth if you like to have it. It is not a book to be recommended for the drawingroom.
Robert was killed in Palestine on the 18th Sept 1918

Lois Weedon Vicarage
4 February 1940
My dear Margot
I must send you a message of my good wishes, now that I hear that you have become my sister-in-law. I had just written to Harry last week when a letter date November 14! arrived from him telling me about the wedding. It took 11 weeks to reach me, so I do not know when you will get this message from me for some I am glad to hear that you had such a kindly welcome, when you got home to Grange Hill: and I hope you will find some hospitable and friendly neighbours. I often think how fortunate it was that I happened to be on holiday and staying at Richmond that night when you came to supper at Queens Road. I did get an opportunity of meeting new before your return, and the wedding. Edgar is the only unfortunate member of the family, for he never had a chance of seeing you.
I have just finished my Sunday duties and as we have afternoon service during the blackout rules, I get more time in the evening for letter writing. We shall get back to summertime on the 25th Feb and soon after that Sunday, we shall be able to start on evening services again. The weather today has kept many from church, as it did last Sunday, when the snow fall was so heavy: but today it has been thawing and the roads have become deep in water and slush. All the downpipes at the church were frozen up and we have had water coming from the roof as the snow melted making a horrid mess in the church. It has been so bitterly cold that we are glad to have a higher temperature again, and a warmer wind. I hope that you are getting some nice summer weather. You went back to NZ at the right time so as to have two summers together. You will probably have the family news from Charlie. I had a letter from Adria recently, only to say that they were all well at Queens Road. Meantime my love to Harry and yourself and my good wishes to you both.
Yours affectionately
E. Vanderzee Fenn.

From the Bishop of Oxford
88 St Aldate's
Oxford (Tel 47319)
17 viii . 42
My dear Mr Fenn
I must send you a few words to tell you how distressed I am at your brother's death, and how deeply I sympathise with you. In 1936 I took duty for Mr Taylor at Hanslope during the summer and saw a great deal of your brother. His quiet, gentle charm and genuine devotion to our Lord shone out in everything that he said and did, and it was easy to to be the great hold which he had upon the people of Castlethorpe. It will be long before his frequent memory is forgotten; and I shall always think of him as one of the most faithful of our Lord's disciples whom I have met. Your loss must be a very great one, but I venture once more to assure you of my most genuine sympathy.
Sincerely yours
Kenneth Oxon.
Please do not trouble to answer this.

14. Van's Letters: War Time Letters to Harry & Margot in NZ, 26 Jul 1942, 9 Dec 1942, 3 Jan 1943, Lois Weedon NTH. Lois Weedon
26 July 1942.
My dear Harry
I was in Northampton yesterday to meet Adria who came over from Cheltenham for tonight's so as to see something of Edgar. She has just had a letter from Margot, and I was interested to hear news of you all, and to see another photograph of my godson, and note how he is growing up into a fine little chap. Edgar is still in Northampton, but he is moved on now to the Dallington Convalescent Home, and he is making such progress, that he can walk by himself with the aid of one crutch. The matron thinks he will be discharged this week. As his accident happened on April 17 he will be glad to get out of hospital after 15 weeks. He may come here to me for a time but we have settled nothing yet. Adria seemed well, and likes her office work. She could only come for two nights, and she put up at a Northampton hotel and will be returning today. I had a brief holiday last month, staying at Cumberland House Hotel in Earls Court Square from a Monday to Thursday. I was in Richmond each day. On Tuesday, I had tea and dinner with Mabel and Adria, and that they talked to me about Grace's last days. She did not have a long illness and died very peacefully. Enid came to stay and to help them out, and Stacey, the solicitor, was at the funeral and helped in other ways. I also called on the Bateman's who had not long before lost Jessie, the first of the six sisters to die. Dolly is the great invalid now, and Lucy the eldest looks well and young for her years. One evening I went to Lawn Crescent Kew and had an evening with Nancy. She got home early that evening but the night before she had been working in the hayfield till nearly 11 p.m. and had to rush home on her bicycle through Richmond, as she had no lamp, and only just managed to get home before lighting up time. She has a bed sitting room on the ground floor, with a window opening into the garden, and she goes out that way in the early hours of the morning, when she goes to work. There was a harp in the room, and she can still keep up her music when occasion offers. But I think she spends much of her spare time with Mrs Shuttleworth. I had one morning at Hampton Court. The galleries were deprived of all the best pictures, and the tapestry had also been removed to a place of safety, but the gardens where as beautiful as war time permits, and I enjoyed and alfresco lunch by the pond. As I was leaving I heard some merry laughter from the maze, which still attracts and amuses as it did when we were boys. I was interested to see in Adria's letter from Margot, that a letter of mine took some six months to reach you, and sent by air mail too! However it did arrive eventually. I think I shall send by ordinary mail in future. I heard of Dolly recently through a letter to Edgar, she is living in Bournemouth again, as Cheltenham gives her rheumatism and, at the time of writing, was going on a visit to Muriel Julius who has a house at Petersham. So she may see something of Nancy who bicycles through P every day to and from her work. Our flower show this year is September 5 C. H. Middleton will be with us as show superintendent, but I do not suppose we shall have the privilege of a show broadcast. The BBC will probably seek a different part of the country this year, if they again broadcast a "Victory Show". There is more chance now of a good show, since we have had some rain. It was really dry all through June, and gardens and allotments were parched. July has been rainy, and on Monday morning (27th) I measured .75 in of rain, the highest fall of the year.
Well my dear Harry, I hope the winter has not proved very trying for your work, and that the arthritis has been less troublesome. My love to Margot and yourself and to dear Edward.
Your affectionate brother
E. Vanderzee Fenn

Lois Weedon
9 December 1942.
My dear Harry
The post has brought the NZ parcel of good things, which you and Margot had so kindly sent me. It is very good of you and I did not expect any present in these war days. The food gifts are very welcome and the cheese will provide many a meal. I wrote about a month ago and since then I have had a letter from you in which you mention are Daily Mirror. I have not renewed to subscription, and as you think it has rather deteriorated I will try to find some other paper for my annual present. Last month Mrs Legg had one of her bronchial attacks but on this occasion she developed bronchial pneumonia and after a brief illness she died of heart failure. It was just after her 79th birthday. I miss her very much, for she had been with me since Cuckfield day's, 35 years ago, and she knew all my ways and looked after me faithfully so long as she could. I was alone for a week or two with daily help, and then I engaged a houseman, who so far is doing admirably. He can cook me a nice dinner and can do the household meaning and he always seems to be at work. I hope he will stop on and not find this out of the way spot to quiet. If he is an extreme High churchmen and was at one time connected with a religious community: his name William Hunt.
You will have heard no doubt, that Charlie has left Alston Court for the winter months, and gone to Sandy Lane Petersham and that Nancy is back on her farm at Ham. Charlie feels the cold very much and with shortage of fuel supply it was difficult to keep Alston Court reasonably warm. They could get no help for housework, and the blackout was a problem. The Powalls had sold or taken away their curtains and it is not possible to get any quantity of blackout material now, not sufficient to cover the windows of the hall for example. I hope they will be comfortable and warm in their little villa. If possible I shall try to go and see them after Christmas.
I miss Edgar very much, we used to enjoy our Northampton meetings, when we could exchange letters and discuss affairs. Now I have two spend my afternoons in town alone. I should like after Christmas, to see about a memorial stone for his grave and I shall go over to Castlethorpe to see to things and have a night at the Cooks. I am sorry that your arthritis gets worse. It would be a relief if you could get rid of the farm had a reasonable price and have a rest. It is evidently too much of a strain on you now. I am glad to get good news of my godson and shall look forward to seeing a photo when he is next taken. Give him my love and a kiss from me.
Much love to you and Margot and so many thanks for your very kind and useful present.
Your affectionate brother
E. Vanderzee Fenn

Lois Weedon Vicarage
3 January 1943
My dear Margot
I have just had two letters from you. The first (dated 16 October) came on New Year's Day with a photograph of my godson, which I was very pleased to have. How the little chap is growing, and what a fine boy he is! The second letter came the next day, it had a quicker journey for it was dated November 10. You were writing them about the news of Edgar's death. Thank you for your message and for all you have written. I miss Edgar very much as we were always able to meet in Northampton, and it was so nice to have him near at hand. We used to exchange letters, and discuss parish matters and generally help one another. Each year also we changed over for a weekend and took each other's Sunday duties.
When I last wrote I was thanking you for the Christmas parcels and for your kindness in sending us such useful presents. The one sent to Edgar was bordered to be, and I have divided the contents between Charlie Adria and myself. Letters also have arrived for Edgar and a photograph of Edward. Since my last letter I have lost my faithful old housekeeper Mrs Legg (Harry met her several times at Kirkby and Lois Weedon) she had bronchitis each winter and this last attack was too much for her heart. She had been with me for 35 years, with her elder sister, who died eight years ago, and she was very loyal and devoted. I have now engaged a manservant, William Hunt by name, and we are getting on well together. He is very diligent, cooks a good meal, and can mend my clothes. So he is handymen generally and I hope he will stay on. We had a quiet Christmas, rather austere from the children's point, as toys are unobtainable, or can only be had at a vast price. It is also difficult to give children fetes, tea parties and so on. I went over to my neighbour at Helmdon Rectory at 1.30 when my services were finished and had a Christmas dinner with the family. He is a man called Ball, who began work in an Australian parish and married an Australian wife. They are good friends to me and make me welcome at their house at any time. Harry once met the former Rector and had tea at Helmdon Rectory, when he was here in 1938. Adrian writes that she is still busy at Rotols Ltd, but she got a day or two at Christmas, and she again joined Colonel and Mrs Birt for the evening of Christmas day. I am hoping to go to London on Monday week 18 and just being two nights with Charlie and Ella in their temporary home in Sandy Lane Petersham. I went to see Charlie about Edgar's affairs. The solicitor who is dealing with the will is Mr John Rand's of Northampton (Harry will know him) and he has been asking me several questions likely which I can better discuss by seeing Charlie than by letter writing. I shall also have a couple of days with Ella and Nancy whom I have not seen since last February. We are getting wintry weather with some snow but no severe frost at present.
The enclosed is an excellent snapshot taken by some friends of his win he was staying away from Castlethorpe a year or two ago.
I was glad to hear news of you all of you will and send you my love and a special kiss to my godson. All good wishes for 1943
Yours affectionately
E. Vanderzee Fenn

15. Van's Priesthood: Van was Curate at St Minver then Vicar at Kirkby and Lois Weedon, 1904 To 1956, Kirby LAN, Lois Weedon NTH. L to R St Chads Kirby, the Kirby Football Team, Kirby Parishioners Illuminated Tribute to Van at his departure in 1927. Lois Weedon Church and Vicarage.

16. Van's Letters: War Time Letters to New Zealand, 9 Oct 1941-17 Mar 1942, Lois Weedon NTH. Lois Weedon
9 October 1941
My dear Henry
It is time that I was sending off a message to you all if it is to reach you by Christmas. So herewith my best wishes for a happy Christmas and a prosperous New Year. I have recently had some more photos to see they came to Edgar and he sent them round the family. I have got for my own the photo of my godson standing alone on the table, and looking a fine little chap. He might have heard the voice of his godfather about 19 September when a broadcast was relayed to the Empire. It was called "A Victory Flower Show in the Midlands" and it was our flower show held at Weston Hall. Mr C. H. Middleton is living here (during the war) with his people and he arranged for the show to be broadcast and acted as compere. I had just a few words to say during the quarter hour for which it lasted. We had a fine show and now that the balance sheet is published we find that there is a profit of some L170. I am enclosing a cutting from a local paper. The broadcast was recorded, and so it could be repeated during the week. I heard it the following Thursday and I am told it was relayed on the Empire Programme the next day, or rather very late at night (or very early in the morning). It would then have been heard in NZ. After a very wet August, September proved to be a fine month, and we had five weeks with hardly any rain, and the farmers were able to get in their corn, or most of it, in a fairly good condition. Owing to the ploughing of many acres of pasture, there was far more corn than is usual in our part of the country. We had our Harvest Thanksgiving a week ago, a wet Sunday unfortunately, part of the day anyhow, but the usual large numbers at church. Now the days are getting short, we are obliged to go back to an afternoon service on Sundays owing to the early blackout. We have had a long period of freedom from bombing. Hitler has been too busy in Russia, but a night or two ago there was a fairly heavy attack in the North (Manchester etc). I do not look forward to the winter and the long nights. Charlie as you probably know, is now back in Queens Road, and Nancy has a new job on the Earl Dysart Estate at Ham, so she is near home. I hope that Richmond will not have a repetition of last autumn's raids. I think Charlie could not face a very primitive conditions of the cottage in Dorset at another winter, with no water except from an outdoor pump and other inconveniences. It was quite right too that Nancy should get a job where she was paid a proper wage. She did a year's work at Caundle for the Foots without being paid anything, working for her "keep" only. I saw Edgar a day or two ago and we made final arrangements for our annual exchange next weekend when I shall be going to Castlethorpe. It is nice sometimes to see a fresh set of folk under the pulpit. It is a difficult job going on preaching twice a Sunday to the same people. So I look forward to this change over. If I hope to have tea on Sunday with your friend Mrs Cooke she will probably have seen photographs of Edward Liveing, but I will take mine with me, in case she has not seen Edgar's copies. Adria wrote from Cheltenham recently to say that Dolly had left and gone back to Bournemouth. She thought the town did not suit her, as she suffered from rheumatism. Ailwyne Gwgnn wants Adria to move to Woking or that neighbourhood, and share a flat or house. It would be good for Adria to have company, and she and Ailwyne are both RC's. Ailwyne lived for some years in Austria and became a convert to the Roman Church for that reason. I am sending this by air mail so I hope that it will reach you in good time for Christmas. My Christmas present will be the usual subscription to the Daily Mirror
Overseas Edition which I dare say you would like me to continue. I wish I could send a Christmas toy to Edward Liveing but I hope it will be possible later on to send gifts to NZ more easily; meantime I remember the little chap every day, and trust he may go on well as he has began. I hope that Margot is keeping well, you will be glad that summer is approaching.
Much love to you both to the babe and to every good wish to you all the Christmas.
Your affectionate brother

Lois Weedon Vicarage
17 March 1942
My dear Margot
Much to my delight I received recently a photograph of my godson, and a very charming photograph it is too. Thank you so much for sending me a copy. I shall prize it very much. Since you last heard from me the war has taken a serious turn and be all much concerned at the rapid advance of the Japanese and their barbarous methods of warfare. I feel confident however that America is doing its utmost for the defence of Australia and NZ and that troops and planes etc are powering in to the country. What we do long to hear, is that the war is being carried into Japan, and that we are attacking and not merely acting on the defensive all the time. Harry will be sorry to hear that Aunt Ada is failing rapidly. Charlie wrote to me yesterday about her. He says she may go on for some weeks, but at her age, 92, she may die suddenly. She is a much beloved aunt of ours, and took a special interest in us boys, especially after our mother died. I have not seen her since last November when I was in Richmond for the day. On my recent visit in February to Charlie, I found that she had gone away temporarily to a nursing home, as the landlady at her lodge was ill, and she needed attention. Charlie tells me that he and Ella will be moving from Richmond after Easter, when they are able to make arrangements; but moving is a difficult business just now and there are several restrictions. I hope that the venture will prove successful, and that they will be able to keep the old home going and meet their expenses. They want Edgar and me to go there in the summer, if travelling is possible at the time. Nayland will be glad to have a Fenn in residence again. The village is without a vicar at present. Canon Cliff resigned and retired in January and an appointment has not yet been made. There is a large and rather inconvenient vicarage without electric light and rather far out of the village and from the church. Adria recently sent me a copy of a Parish Magazine, in which Colonel Rundle the churchwarden had written some notes. He said that only one possible vicar had paid a visit to the parish (and no more was heard of him apparently). There are a good number of clergy with the force is just now and it is not easy to fill the vacant livings. When I was last at Dallington (Northampton) I had a message for Harry from cousin Margaret (Rands). She sent her love, and good wishes to the new little cousin, whose photograph she had tried to see, but her blindness makes it difficult to distinguish anything. We have lost a good many of our evacuees, children and adults who have been drifting back to town as the bombing has (temporarily) slowed down. I hope that they will not come in for another outbreak of the Luftwaffe's fury. They do not like the country, especially such an out of the way place as Lois Weedon. And the weather too has been very trying this winter, with such heavy falls of snow, and icebound roads. It is a least a little more like spring, and my garden is bright with aconites and snowdrops, though the daffodils are backward, and I fear we shall have few flowers for the Easter decorations. I think I last wrote when I was acknowledging your kind Christmas gift. I opened a tin of cheese recently and I have been enjoying its contents. It is difficult to get cheese so the gift was very welcome. I hope this letter will escape submarine attacks and come safely through to Grange Hills.
Many thanks once more for Edward's photograph, and much love and a kiss to him and with love to you and Harry.
Yours affectionately
E. V. Fenn

17. Van's Letters: War Time Letters to Harry & Margot Fenn in NZ, 11 Mar 1943-27 Apr 1943, Lois Weedon NTH. Lois Weedon
11 March 1943
My dear Margot
I have received this morning the paper which you have so kindly sent me, describing Dunedin and its surroundings. It makes me realise more than ever what a beautiful country New Zealand is. Thank you so much for sending the book. Since I last wrote to you to thank you for the photographs of Edward; I have stayed two days with Charlie and Ella. They have found a very comfortable little home in Petersham for the winter months, as you probably know, and it was easier for me to get there for a brief visit then to go to Nayland. Travelling in England just now is not pleasant. There are very few trains for ordinary passengers, so they are always crowded and one is lucky to get a seat and not have to stand in the corridors. I saw something of Nancy, who looked very flourishing just then. She was quite close to her farm, when she had her temporary home at 7 Sandy Lane and she will be sorry when C & E return to Nayland. Ella tells me that after a long search may have found her some nice lodgings, so I hope she will be more comfortable than she was at Kew last summer. Charlie seemed fairly well, and gets along all right if he takes his time and goes slow was it has also been a wonderful winter without any severe weather, and that has helped Charlie to keep fit as the cold is particularly bad for him. We had it very wet all through January but lately it has been fine day after day and everything is very much advanced in the gardens. Everything is early except Easter, which comes as its latest possible date, when I am afraid all the daffodils and primroses will have long been over and we shall be short of flowers for church decorating was the last week I went over to Castlethorpe to see how Edgar's grave was being looked after, and to see if I could make some arrangements with a stonemason for a memorial stone. I found that friend is working airing to the grave and there was a holly wreath still surviving from Christmastime, which the Sunday School had given. The children were very fond of Edgar. I stayed the night with a churchwarden and his wife Mr and Mrs Cook, at the house where Harry spent a week on the occasion of his visit to Castlethorpe in 38 so he knows the Cooks well. Whenever I see them they always enquire tenderly after Harry and I gave them what news I had when I was there last week. They have two evacuee boys who come from Leyton and have been a Castlethorpe for three years. The children, who have remained evacuee in country villages all the war, will find it strange when they return to home life in town's again. Many of them have already gone back and I am afraid if Hitler starts bombing again, as he may very likely do, when he gets desperate, there will be a great loss of child life. My houseman William and I are getting on well together. He has done a lot of cleaning up the vicarage. Mrs Legg used to lament over its state when she got past doing much work, and when anyone came in "to oblige" it was chiefly to see to my meals and if Mrs Legg was poorly, so the cleaning got shelved. William is a great churchman and gets up especially early on a Sunday morning so as to have time to get to the services.
I missed Edgar when my birthday came round, for on or about that date we used to meet in Northampton, have a special lunch together and perhaps go to the cinema to celebrate the occasion. I do not care to go to a cinema alone, so I seldom go now, unless there is some very good film, and I happen to be with Charlie. Harry's birthday is near and will be long past when this reaches you, but I send my belated good wishes that he may keep up his health and strength, for the strenuous farm work. I am glad to hear of my godson and he is doings always are of great interest to me. I remember the little chap every day and I have a gift to send him - when the war is over and ships are not likely to go to the bottom. Meantime my loving kiss to him and with love to both.
Affectionately yours.
E. Vanderzee Fenn.
P. S. Harry once wrote in a letter that Edward was like the "Bubbles" in Millais picture. I came across the enclosed cutting in the Telegraph recently and I thought of you in NZ and Edward in particular when I read it.

Lois Weedon
27 April (1943?)
My dear Henry
My last letter was to Margot, so I am writing to you this week. We have had a nice Easter, the sun shone and it was really warm, though the wind was very strong, damaging the fruit blossom I fear. The people came in good numbers to church. I wonder whether you had a service that day. It was in Margot's last letter. I think that she told me you had gone to church and she was at home looking after Edward; so I suppose you do get occasional services in the neighbourhood and I seem to remember you telling me of a place near you called ? Te Munga or something of that sort of sound. Are you churchwarden? I have not much family news. Adria wrote from Cheltenham last week she told me they had voted for the date of their summer holiday at Rotols (her place of business) and much to her annoyance the majority chose the week before the bank holiday in August, when she will find travelling at its worst, and when it is almost impossible to get accommodation, scratch that. I suppose she told you that last year she went to Barmouth and actually stayed in Porkington Terrace though not in the identical house, I think where we all spent such a lovely holiday in 89. She wanted me to go with her, but I cannot get away for a Sunday in wartime and I do not care to go such a long journey for the inside of a week, travelling is so very trying at these times and one may have to stand in the corridor for the whole journey, and the trains are late, and run very infrequently. In fact the companies do all they can to stop the public from travelling, and when you go to a Railway station you are faced with a great notice "Is Your Journey Really Necessary?" and conscience often has to reply No. We were roused up early Sunday morning (of course the Germans must choose Easter Day! by two bombs exploding in our next village. I think a plane was being pursued and cast the bombs overboard to lighten the weight, however it did not get away. The bombs fell on a farm and demolished all the farm buildings and killed a pedigree bull and other cattle and damaged a house, though the occupants escaped. Although they fell nearly 2 miles from L W vicarage than lawyers, in the middle of the night, seemed to reflect. Though they were actually some happy folk who have never heard anything. People who, as Charlie would say, sink into a "hoggish slumber", who would sleep through a thunderstorm or anything. My man, William, at the vicarage is one such person: and when I asked him next morning what he thought of the bombs, replied "what bombs". William is getting on all right and getting used to my ways by this time, he has been with me five months. He is not such a cook as Mrs Legg, and I do not let him make pastry now, after some disastrous experiments but that is a trifle, especially in war times. I have not heard from Charlie lately, but I suppose he is at Nayland again now. He was to give up his tenancy of the Petersham house at the end of March, and Nancy was going into rooms again. I am afraid Charlie will never settle at Nayland. The house is too big for them in these days of no domestic help, and too cold, when such economy of coal must be practised. Besides I think Ella is fond of suburban life, and likes to be in touch with London. So I wonder what will happen to Alston Court after the war. Income-tax to makes a big hole in a fixed income.
28 April.
I began this letter yesterday when I was in Northampton, waiting for Mrs Doyne, who kindly gave me a lift home at night. Most of the shops were shut apart from grocers and restaurants and a few others, but I did all the shopping I wanted. It was an extension of the Easter holiday. Some shops were to close all week. They have not much to sell or they cannot deal with any more orders so they close their shutters. I missed Edgar this week, for we always used to meet in Easter week for a holiday afternoon together and generally go to a cinema. I never care to go to one alone now. This is a poor paper, like blotting paper but it gets awful now in quality and in price! I hope that you are keeping well or as well as you can be with this horrid leg trouble, and that the farm work goes on all right. My garden is in rather a ruinous state as I have no regular garden one, can't be had! One man comes along of a evening and does the vegetable garden. The rest I do what I can with myself and get a boy to help me with the mowing.
My love and a kiss to Edward and with much love to Margot and to yourself.
Your affectionate brother
E. Vanderzee Fenn

18. Van's Letters: War Time Letters to Harry & Margot Fenn in NZ, 16 Jun 1943-4 Jul 1943, Lois Weedon NTH. Lois Weedon Vicarage
16 June 1943
My dear Margot
you're welcome letter reached me this morning (postmark 2 April). It was nice to have your news and I am glad that all goes well. I have been expecting to hear from Charlie as he is proposing to come to me for a week. This time he is going to dispose of his car which I have been housing for him for a long time. He does not think that he will drive any more. Last week I had a line from Ella saying that he was not over well, suffering from neuralgia, and he would write when he felt more able to make the journey to L W . He is still in difficulties over the great Nayland house, as Ella cannot obtain help and is finding the work too much for her.
Friday. I began this letter in Northampton, when I was waiting at the Church House for someone who was taking me home by car. Since then you're very kind, and very acceptable, present has reached me. Many thanks indeed to you and Harry for the parcel of good things. It has come at a good moment too, for I have just heard from Charlie that he is proposing to come here next week. While he is with he is hoping to sell his car which stands inactive in my coach house. He does not think he will drive a car again, and it will be as well to get rid of it now. So I have put an advertisement in the local paper for him, and I hope to have some enquiries before he comes next Wednesday. He has not been to see me since last August, when we were returning from our sad visit to Castlethorpe. The name Castlethorpe reminds me that I met a man from that parish recently, and he told me they have not yet succeeded in finding a successor to Edgar; Alleyne to the number of clergy on active service and for other reasons. One man came for a few weeks, but did not prove success, and soon departed. The vicar of Hanslope has to manage as best he can with help from a lay reader's. I am hoping to go over to the parish soon to see about the memorial stone in the churchyard. It is not a time for holidaymaking but I want to get a few days off during the summer, and Charlie has asked me to spend them at Nayland. I have not been there for four years. Charlie, I am afraid finds the house rather a burden than a blessing. It seems to be impossible to get domestic help and it is too big a place to keep tidy and clean without a lot of work of which Ella feels she is not capable. I think they would both like a small house near London, which could be managed more easily, and prove warmer in the winter months than the great house at Nayland. The solicitor, St John Rand of Northampton, is taking a long time to settle the affairs connected with Edgars will. It will soon be a year since he died, and at this time last year I was going backwards and forwards to the hospital, as he lay there during those long 14 weeks. Rand's is short of help in his office, and there is always much delay in legal matters, and more than ever in wartime. From Lois Weedon and there is nothing of great interest to report. We had a Field Day on Whit Monday for the Home Guard and Civil Defence Forces with all sorts of races and competitions in shooting etc. Unhappily it was a wet afternoon, and though there were some 1500 people present we did not take as much money for the Red Cross as we had hoped. As treasurer I could only bank L205 gross takings and the expenses, band and so on were heavy. Our local MP was there and C H Middleton and fighter pilot spoke (by means of a microphone) of some of his experiences in the Mediterranean. We have just started our Wings for Victory week, and the small Towcester district is aiming at L80,000. I hope the target will be reached. Here in our small school we are aiming at L250 worth of savings during the week. We are having rather a poor summer. It has been wet and rather cold most of this month, and now we are well past the middle of June and have had but little summer weather. Some haymaking has begun and I hope the weather will improve. My love and a kiss to my godson. I shall be pleased to have copy of his latest photograph (taken at Wellington) some day. I have quite a collection now, which I keep together to watch the progress he makes. How quickly he is growing out of his baby days.
With many thanks indeed to you both for your most kind gift and much love.
Affectionately yours
E. Vanderzee Fenn

Lois Weedon Vicarage
4 July 1943
My dear Henry
Since writing to Margot towards the end of last month to thank you both for the welcome parcel of good things, I have had a letter from you with a photo of the family dated 30 April. What a big chap Edward is getting! I have a collection of his photos from one taken in December 40 (aged 10 weeks) down to the present day photo. Most of our old books disappeared either when we left Grey Friars, or at the big turnout after Mater's death; and I am afraid the nursery rhymes all went on these occasions. At the present time it is almost impossible to buy books for little children, which are worth having. I should like to send out some of our old favourites for Edwards use. Charlie has just been staying a week with me. One reason for his visit was that he might sell his car, which I have been housing for a long time. He does not think that he will drive again after the war and it is no use keeping on the car. There were several answers to his advertisement but the car has not gone yet. Charlie was pretty well, except for his permanent heart trouble, and he enjoyed a quiet time reading books and going for very long walks by himself. He preferred to go alone as he could make his own pace. On Sunday he read the lessons for me. When he left me he went on to Hampstead to stay two nights with Mrs Shuttleworth. Ella were was with Nancy at Ham, and she and Charlie were to meet next day and view a possible house at Kew, where they would like to live, if Alston Court can be let again. Next Monday I am hoping to get a few days holiday (Monday to Friday) in these times it is not possible to get a Sunday off, but I shall be glad even of a few days. I am going to Nayland, and it will be 41/2 years since I last went to Alston Court. Last year C & E could not manage any visitor owing to difficulties with the heating arrangements etc. I shall be glad to see the old place again. If it is let, I may not go to Nayland any more. During the time that the house was empty the garden was of course much neglected, and it has never recovered. In wartime it is most difficult to get jobbing or other gardens, though Charlie has a man in to work of an evening. I heard from Adria a day or two ago. She tells me that Mabel has had a slight stroke, and has to stay quiet with a nurse in charge. Poor Adria feels very much on her hands now. They have no resident maid, and only morning help. So much in the old days was done by Grace, that she is missed very much. Adria is hoping to have 10 days holiday or so from the office at the end of the month, and I am arranging to meet her in London one day and to spend a few hours with her, as we shall have no opportunity of seeing one another otherwise this year.A is going to spend her holiday with Ailwyne, a congenial spirit, also of the RC persuasion now as perhaps you know. Since beginning of this letter I have had another offer for the car which I passed on to Chas: who sent me a wire accepting it. Yesterday I said farewell to the old car which has spent so many months in my coach house, and the "ARK222" was driven off by a neighbouring bus proprietor from Helmdon. I thought that he got the best of the bargain, but of all the would-be purchasers not one could refrain from calling it an old car, its date was 35, though the engine was in good running order and the saloon car equal to new in general appearance. My man William still continues here. He is a bit nervy, owing to being in the Liverpool air raids, and so he has his "moods" but he carries on the work pretty well, though I miss Miss Legg very much in many ways. We have not had much summer weather yet. It is cold for July, and rather unsettled at present which is bad for those who have not got their hay in yet. The crops are generally looking well, and given some fine weather there should be a bumper harvest. There has never been so much corn grown in our parish in living memory. The farmers are being asked to plough even more ground in the coming autumn. I have a book or two which might please Edward, and I will make enquiries when I get back at the end of the week and when I am next in Northampton, as to how to send books to NZ.
Well my dear Henry, I hope that the old leg will cease to bother you so much. Many thanks for letter and photograph as for the parcel also, for which I have sent thanks as well in my last letter to Margot.
My love and a kiss to my godson and would love to you both.
Your affectionate brother
P. S. Tuesday 13 July Nayland
I brought the letter with me to finish it off at Nayland, where I am staying two or three days with Chas: an Ella, in case there was any special news. There is indeed some news for Chas has heard from Alston Fenn yesterday morning that he will buy Alston Court, which C had offered him recently. So C will be relieved of the burden of its upkeep, and he could not live here in the winter months either and the old home will still remain in the family and not go to strangers. It is sad to think however that it will no longer be a sort of home to us.
I found Charlie and Ella very well, and last night the new Nayland vicar, Canon Wright call and I had a chance of meeting him.
E. V. F.
Love from us all.

19. Van's Letters: War Time Letters to Harry & Margot Fenn in NZ, 7 Aug 1943, 10 Aug 1943, 2 Sep 1943, Lois Weedon NTH. Lois Weedon
7 August 1943
My dear Margot
A few days ago I wrote to Harry and mentioned some children's books, which had been given me. Here are two of them with my love to Edward. It is most difficult now to get suitable books for children, and it may be the same with you, so I hope these will give him some pleasure. I will send on some more later on, and if they come in different packets, some at any rate should get through. This is a brief note to supplement my letter.
With much love to Edward and to you both.
Yours affectionately
E. Vanderzee Fenn.
My dear Edward
Here are some pictures for you to look at and some songs for you to sing: and I hope you will like them.
I have several pictures of you, and I can see how big a boy you are growing.
I send you my love and a steamer has to bring it to you all the way across the seas. I hope it will reach you safely.
Your loving uncle

As from
Lois Weedon
10 August (1943)
My dear Henry
I am writing to you from Castlethorpe. It is just the anniversary of Edgar's death, last Saturday August 7th, and I came here yesterday, Monday, to see about the grave and to visit some old friends. I am staying with the Cooks who make me very comfortable and are so kind and hospitable. I had tea with the Clarkes when I arrived last evening. They have not been able to fill Edgar's place here and now a year has gone by. One man came for a few weeks, but he proved quite unsuitable, and soon had to leave. Mr Taylor the vicar, is having rather a difficult time, and he is well over 70 now. I am arranging for a memorial stone for Edgar's grave. The stonemasons are very busy with more orders than they can get through, and my order will not be finished for some time I'm afraid. A month or so ago I paid a brief visit to Nayland, I had not been there since 1938 (for the funeral), and possibly this may be my last visit! You may have heard from Charlie that he has sold the house to Alston Fenn. He found that he could not live there in the winter, and the place is far too big for Ella and himself alone, so he sounded Alston, who came over and had a look round and after a week or two wrote and said he would take it over. So he an Ella will be leaving in the autumn. They were fortunate in finding a small house in a road of Kew Green, houses are not easily obtained in these days, and here I hope they will find a comfortable home, and, as Charlie said, not have to move in a more. They have had so many homes, since he resigned his practice. My brief visit was very nice. We lived chiefly in the Still Room, which is more convenient for the pantry and the kitchen than the School Room. The garden is in fair order again, after much neglect, while the house was shut up, and Spooner comes in most evenings for some hours work. I met the new vicar Canon Wright. He called one evening (and stayed a long time! reminding me of the old Vicar at Great Bentley, who would not go that evening we were there) and talked over the proposed arrangements for a fete in the garden (which was held I believe at the end of July). He seems a nice cheery man, quite different from Cliff, who was so gloomy, and he does a lot in the parish. I also had a day in Colchester and visited some old haunts. I thought that I was going to miss seeing Adria this year, but we arranged a fortnight ago to meet in London, when she was on holiday and is staying at Paxford (?) with Ailwyn. We met at the Academy and spent our morning there. After lunch we visited St Paul's, and climbed to the stone gallery to view the scene round the cathedral. It is marvellous to think how the Germans, save for one bomb through the choir roof, failed to destroy the whole building in 1941, when the scene of desolation around showed how terrible the raids must have been. Adrian had a week's holiday and enjoyed fine and warm weather all the time. She was expecting to be back at work on August 3rd. When you last write you mentioning (sic) that Edward had none of the old books of nursery rhymes that we enjoyed the I am sorry that one cannot buy such books now, in fact in these war times it is difficult to get any suitable books for children, so I am sending some books to Edward which the grandchildren of Mrs Doge (?) of Lois Weedon House have given me. I hope they will be suitable. I have also got the "Cruise of the Walnut Shell" one of our old favourites and I will send this also. I have not made enquiries at the post office about the sending of books, but I will do so next time I am in Northampton.
Lois Weedon
Wednesday 12 August
I did not finish this at Castlethorpe. So I must get it off today. I returned last night after a very pleasant two days with the Cooks. On my way back through Northampton I called on cousin Margaret Rands at Dallington and had some tea with her. She always likes to hear news of the family, especially of Edward Liveing. By the way I took the last photograph to Castlethorpe to show your noble son there to the Cooks. They have seen earlier photographs that Edgar had.
Much love to Edward, I will write when I send the books, and with love to Margot and yourself.
Your affectionate brother
E. Vanderzee Fenn

Lois Weedon Vicarage
2 September 1943
My dear Margot
I am sending on two or three more books which I have bought for Edward. I sent the last lot about three weeks ago, and I hope that they will all get through safely. They will not, I'm afraid reach him in time for the 20th, but I send my belated good wishes for many happy returns of the day. This month I am actually getting a free Sunday, I have not been away since July of 39 for a Sunday, but I have managed to get someone to come in here on 26th of September and Adria has got rooms for me in Cheltenham, so I shall spend a week there. It may be the week for the Flower Show, which is always a very good one. Adria is only working in her office for part time, so we shall be able to have some walks together in the afternoons. This is a busy time in the harvesting work. There is such a large acreage of corn, and such a lack of helpers that those who are at work had to put in long days. Up to the middle of August it was a very dry summer, but we have had a good deal of rain lately. Fortunately it was fine yesterday, when we held our annual Flower Show. About 1000 people paid for admission and enjoyed the many attractions besides the quantities of fruit, vegetables etc in the marquee. Mr C. St Middleton came for a week, and helped to complete the arrangements. He also presented us with a Silver challenge cup. Mrs Sitwell in whose grounds the show was held, got one of her friends to come and entertain us, Miss Hermione Baddely. I did not know much about her myself, but she is a great favourite on the stage and with the BBC. She gave one or two sketches which were much enjoyed. The show was not "broadcast" this year, as on the last two occasions.
You may have heard from Charlie recently. If not here is the latest news I have heard. He will be leaving Alston Court for good at the end of the month, and Alston Fenn and Dorothy will then be taking over the old home. It is sad to sever our connection with the house after all these years, but Charlie feels he is doing the right thing, and it will still remain in the family. Charlie is leaving the pastels, which naturally go with the house. It is so difficult just that the present to get houses, that he and Ella are very lucky to have hit upon just what they want. The little house at Kew is of a suitable size and is the district where they wanted to settle. I hope to go and see them in the winter.
Here I must end up. I will write again soon. The enclosed view appeared recently in The Time's and shows a part of the river side below the Terrace Gardens which the Town Council have bought in recent years. Harry will know it.
I hope you are all well. Much love to you all.
Affectionately yours
E. V. Fenn

20. Van's Letters: War Time Letters to Harry & Margot Fenn in NZ, Nov 1943-29 Feb 1944, Lois Weedon NTH. Lois Weedon
November 1943
My dear Margot
I am sending on a book for Edward, though I am afraid it will not reach him in time for Christmas. I hope that you have not already got me. At various times I have forwarded books new and old, which I hope will get through safely to NZ. We are still enjoying immunity from bombing, but London is often being attacked in his nuisance raids, when bombs are dropped anywhere. I have not heard from Charlie lately, so I do not yet know whether Kew has suffered. Adria writes happily from Cheltenham she tells me that Alston has been in residence at the Nayland home but I think he will not be able to settle there permanently until after the war. I last wrote on October 12 (as I see from my diary) so I have not much family news to add a present. Things are going on as usual here. The winter activities begin, the boys club is opened and a new movement called "The Youth Service Group", which has a branch here is starting its meetings again. Now that we are allowed to ring the church bells again, our Ringers Guild is coming to life once more, and we are to have a meeting of the Towcester Branch of which I am secretary, on Saturday. We have a short service, a wartime tea, and ringing on and off during the afternoon. The meeting is in Towcester some 7 miles from here. I hope to bicycle over if the weather is fit, but there is a Saturday bus which one can use. On Sunday we had our local Home Guard on parade for the Remembrance Sunday service and they turned up well.
I hope you are keeping well and that the warmer weather relieves Harry's rheumatism somewhat.
My love to you all and good wishes for 1944.
Affectionately yours
E. Vanderzee Fenn.
P. S. I think I did mention it before, but I add a P. S. to say how much I like those little snapshots of Edward which you sent to Adria. They came in strips and she cut me off my share when I was in Cheltenham in September.

Lois Weedon
29 February (1944)
My dear Henry
When I got back from a visit to Kew recently I've found 2 NZ letters awaiting me, one from Margot and one from you. Many for the latter and for your news, also for some interesting papers. I noted the church which Margot attended in the days of her training. I had been on visit to Charlie's new home in Priory Road Kew; but and I found them fairly comfortably settled in though workmen were still busy with outside painting. The position suits Charlie very well. He is close to the church on Kew Green and to the main entrance to Kew Gardens with no hills to climb! and there is a convenient bus stop at Kew Bridge. The first day I went to Isleworth hoping to see my old friend Hobday, who was vicar of All Saints Isleworth, the church down by the river. I found however that his health had broken down and that he had leafed. Sad to say the old church also was in ruins, only the tower and four walls are left. I went on to Richmond and after some lunch visited the cemetery, and went to the Bateman's. Again drew a blank, for no one was at home. On the following day Nancy took her day off (instead of the usual Saturday) and we went up to town together to see a film at the Leicester Square Cinema "His Butler's Sister" with Deane Durbin. Afterwards we went to tea with Aunt Alison at Kensington, and heard news of Alston and Olive. Aunt A lives alone with a faithful maid, Marg, who has long been with her. She is a last surviving aunt and she told me that she was 86. There has been a lot of bombing around that district, but she takes things very calmly and does not want to leave London. I thought Charlie was better than he has been lately. He has to take things very quietly and cannot stand any exertion. Occasionally he goes up to mamma-in-law at Hampstead and then stays the night (or nights) instead of attempting the journey in one day. He is much more comfortable in this small villa than he could ever have in in the big house at Nayland. The mentioned of Nayland reminds me, that it has been reported in the papers that an American airman making a forced landing with his plane recently managed just to avoid a descent on the main street in Nayland, but at the cost of his life. The Nayland people sent a message of gratitude and sympathy to his parents in America. Had he come down on the village it might have meant the destruction of the old house. This news came from Charlie in a letter of this morning. He also tells me that Aunt Alison has after all left her Kensington flat and has gone to Northampton! Marg, the faithful maid has a sister living there, and Aunt A we'll have some rooms in her house and still have Marg to look after her. I must go and see her tomorrow, when I shall be in Northampton. A short time ago Bishop of Peterborough summoned all the clergy to Synod. It was rather inconsiderate, as travelling is difficult now, and Peterborough at the far end of the diocese, is nearly 60 miles from here. I had given up the idea of being able to get their, when a Mrs Nesbitt, wife of the Rector of Barnack offered me hospitality, and so I went the day before, and spent a night at Barnack Rectory. This village is 10 miles from Peterborough and I got in by bus. Some 200 clergy attended and we got through our business by 3.30 so that I could manage to get home the same day. Now that the days are much longer we have started an evening service again on Sunday. Our church is not "blacked out" so we have to put evensong to three o'clock in the winter. It has been nice to get through another winter without any very severe weather especially as we are short of coal and have to make up with wood if we can get it. The county badly needs rain, we have had two dry years with rainfall much below average. You're beautiful cake has kept well and I am reserving it for special occasions. People who have come to tea and shared some of it are astonished to see such a fine fruitcake on my table. I have just been arranging for an inscription on Edgar's memorial stone, and I hope it will be put up in C Churchyard for Easter. It has taken a long time to get the mason to deal with my order; he had so many in hand and had lost his assistant.
Many thanks to Margot for her very nice letter. I will write next to her. Much love to dear Edward and with love to you both.
Your affectionate brother
E. Vanderzee Fenn
PS The Mirror comes to an end this month and I am arranging for another paper to take its place as you would like.

At Castlethorpe
9 January (1945)
My dear Margot
Letters have recently come from both you and Harry. Many thanks for your good wishes for the New Year and for all the news you send me. It is nice to hear that you are all well and settling down happily in your new home. I am having four days holiday Monday to Thursday, and I have come to my friends, the Cooks, at Castlethorpe. They are hospitable folk and always make my brief holidays enjoyable. It is very cold, and there is sprinkling of snow, with more to come evidently, while we have this bitter north wind. We have had two mild winters, and we cannot expect another; and after such a long spell of wet weather, I thought the frost would come after Christmas. On Christmas Day I had a busy time as I was helping at a neighbouring church without a vicar, as well as getting through my own duties. It was a foggy day and the car which took me to Moreton Pinkney was late in coming as the driver had trouble with the fog freezing on his windscreen and obscuring his view so I kept the congregation waiting but it could not be helped. At 12:45 I. bicycled over to Helmdon and had a Christmas dinner at the Rectory with a family party, and we made merry with a Christmas tree, which delighted the children. Mine share was a very warm Jaegar scarf which I am wearing during this cold spell. I had one or two people to tea recently and bought out the NZ cake which arrived before Christmas. The guests where astonished at such a prewar cake, the like of which we do not see. It is most kind of you to send it, a second one too, and it is certainly appreciated, thank you both very much. I had intended to go to Kew after Christmas but I am putting off my visit until the spring. Charlie will, I hope, be stronger and better then and also there may be fewer "alerts" and less worry from rocket and other bombs, which are still troublesome. It is good that Nancy has been released from her farm work to help at home. Ella found it was getting too much for her especially when Charlie had to stay in bed and Mrs Shuttleworth is ill, and she had to go to Hampstead frequently, and give home attention to her mother. Harry's letter, postmark 23 November, reached me on January 5 and yours of some days before took about the same time to travel. Evidently the mail is speeding up. I suppose the convoys travelled more quickly now, or there is a more frequent service of ships. Harry waxed quite eloquent in his letter as he described to me the scene around your house. It must be a lovely piece of country. Edward too will enjoy some companionship, and have some schooling when the time comes. We are just changing our headmistress at the local school. Our present mistress who has been with us barely 2 years is not a success. Fortunately she sent in her resignation in November and we have appointed a Mrs Haigh from Lincoln, who takes over the school in February. She is more of the type of a country school mists two young children, and rather an invalid husband, who can at any rate look after the house, while his wife teaches. So altogether we are looking forward to happier times at the school and more efficient management. I go to see Aunt Alison in Northampton most weeks and she gives me the news from Nayland. The vicar Canon Wright, had a midnight service on Christmas Eve in the hall at Alston Court. It is not possible to use the church at night and it was also a bit warmer for the congregation. They also had a party for the Girl Guides one evening. Alston when he is on leave reads the lessons in church. They seem very happy at home and love the old house, though they have complained of the cold this winter. There has been skating on the flooded meadows and the frost some nights at Christmas time was very severe. The cold is rather trying when we are so short of coal. I have a good deal of wood however to help things out, and enough coke to keep a hall stove going. Mr and Mrs Cook are very interested to hear any news of Harry and I have brought his letter with me to give them the latest account of your doings.
Wednesday 10th. I must finish off my letter this morning it is colder today and there has been more snow in the night, so
Last page missing.

21. Van's Letters: War Time Letters to Harry & Margot Fenn in NZ, 9 Jan 1945-15 Mar 1945, Lois Weedon NTH. At Castlethorpe
9 January (1945)
My dear Margot
Letters have recently come from both you and Harry. Many thanks for your good wishes for the New Year and for all the news you send me. It is nice to hear that you are all well and settling down happily in your new home. I am having four days holiday Monday to Thursday, and I have come to my friends, the Cooks, at Castlethorpe. They are hospitable folk and always make my brief holidays enjoyable. It is very cold, and there is sprinkling of snow, with more to come evidently, while we have this bitter north wind. We have had two mild winters, and we cannot expect another; and after such a long spell of wet weather, I thought the frost would come after Christmas. On Christmas Day I had a busy time as I was helping at a neighbouring church without a vicar, as well as getting through my own duties. It was a foggy day and the car which took me to Moreton Pinkney was late in coming as the driver had trouble with the fog freezing on his windscreen and obscuring his view so I kept the congregation waiting but it could not be helped. At 12:45 I. bicycled over to Helmdon and had a Christmas dinner at the Rectory with a family party, and we made merry with a Christmas tree, which delighted the children. Mine share was a very warm Jaegar scarf which I am wearing during this cold spell. I had one or two people to tea recently and bought out the NZ cake which arrived before Christmas. The guests where astonished at such a prewar cake, the like of which we do not see. It is most kind of you to send it, a second one too, and it is certainly appreciated, thank you both very much. I had intended to go to Kew after Christmas but I am putting off my visit until the spring. Charlie will, I hope, be stronger and better then and also there may be fewer "alerts" and less worry from rocket and other bombs, which are still troublesome. It is good that Nancy has been released from her farm work to help at home. Ella found it was getting too much for her especially when Charlie had to stay in bed and Mrs Shuttleworth is ill, and she had to go to Hampstead frequently, and give home attention to her mother. Harry's letter, postmark 23 November, reached me on January 5 and yours of some days before took about the same time to travel. Evidently the mail is speeding up. I suppose the convoys travelled more quickly now, or there is a more frequent service of ships. Harry waxed quite eloquent in his letter as he described to me the scene around your house. It must be a lovely piece of country. Edward too will enjoy some companionship, and have some schooling when the time comes. We are just changing our headmistress at the local school. Our present mistress who has been with us barely 2 years is not a success. Fortunately she sent in her resignation in November and we have appointed a Mrs Haigh from Lincoln, who takes over the school in February. She is more of the type of a country school mists two young children, and rather an invalid husband, who can at any rate look after the house, while his wife teaches. So altogether we are looking forward to happier times at the school and more efficient management. I go to see Aunt Alison in Northampton most weeks and she gives me the news from Nayland. The vicar Canon Wright, had a midnight service on Christmas Eve in the hall at Alston Court. It is not possible to use the church at night and it was also a bit warmer for the congregation. They also had a party for the Girl Guides one evening. Alston when he is on leave reads the lessons in church. They seem very happy at home and love the old house, though they have complained of the cold this winter. There has been skating on the flooded meadows and the frost some nights at Christmas time was very severe. The cold is rather trying when we are so short of coal. I have a good deal of wood however to help things out, and enough coke to keep a hall stove going. Mr and Mrs Cook are very interested to hear any news of Harry and I have brought his letter with me to give them the latest account of your doings.
Wednesday 10th. I must finish off my letter this morning it is colder today and there has been more snow in the night, so
Last page missing.

Lois Weedon Vicarage
15 March (1945)
Mrs H. L. Fenn
Park St
New Zealand
My dear Margot
Your interesting letter arrived this morning, and I was glad to know that my Christmas letter etc, had arrived in time. The last news I heard of you was from Charlie (or Adria) to the effect that Edward had met with a nasty accident and a bad cut on the face, though happily away from his eye. I hope that the wound has healed satisfactorily and that he will not have a scar on his face. I was especially pleased to hear of the possible arrival in the near future of a sister for Edward. Your spelling of mother's name is quite correct, she was Katharine Pauline. It is generally spelt with an e when it is written Catherine so I understand. Mother was always Katie to her friends and Aunt Katie to her many nephews and nieces. I have not had much family news lately, save a brief letter from Adria. I dare say you know that she has bought No. 2 St Lukes Villas and she hopes now to get her furniture out of store, and to feel that she is in her own home again, after all these years lodging in other people's houses. Charlie is still weak and much the invalid, though he is better than he was some weeks ago. I am hoping to go to Kew after Easter for the inside of a week probably on the 23rd. The V bombs are still rather unpleasant in London and the South East generally but I hope they are beginning to become less frequent. The Germans are sure to make themselves as unpleasant as possible before the end comes, and may have some new horrors in store for us! My doors rattled one night about 12.0 recently and I was told there were some piloted planes about again, and that bombs had dropped on Banbury. It is a long time since we had any in the Midlands. I go to see Aunt Alison (Fenn) most weeks, in Northampton. She is getting very tired of Cedar Road, and her lonely existence. She has been there just a year. She still hopes to get to a hotel or a flat again soon, but they are asking exorbitant prices and there are few vacancies. I wish she would go to Alston Court to her daughter-in-law, but I think they are not over affectionate to one another, to put it mildly! There are a good many mothers-in-law who think their beloved son's "might have done better". Tuesday is usually my day off when I make the expedition to Northampton (and William goes by bus on a Wednesday) I make use of my bicycle and the train, and I find Northampton is less crowded on a Tuesday and it is possible to get a table for some lunch. Wednesday is a market day and the town is full of buses from all the neighbouring villages. In previous years when Edgar and I met we used to go to the cinema when there was a film worth seeing, but since he died I have not been to a cinema at all in Northampton. My only visits are made when I am staying with Charlie and Nancy and I go to something in town. I heard recently (through our cousin Dolly Cotes) that one of the Giles family (also cousins) had died a week or two ago. This was Valentine G who had lately been living in Bexhill. There is only one brother left now, Lionel, who is in the British Museum. Harry would probably have seen the Giles family last when I was at Cambridge, where their father was Professor of Chinese, after he left the Consular service.
We aren't getting nice spring weather, after a cold winter, and I hope it will last over Easter. It is good weather for the farmers. The very wet autumn made them behind hand with ploughing and sowing, but now they have generally got their work well in hand.
You ask after *William. He has not left me, in fact I think he finds himself very comfortable and does not feel that a change would be to his advantage! We get along; but he is very trying at times. I shall not try the experiment of a man housekeeper again. Last month we lost our old parish clerk, William Hinton. He had held office for more than 40 years and was a loyal and faithful helper at the church, I shall miss him very much and his place will be hard to fill. The old-fashioned type of parish clerk is not to be found nowadays. I am glad that The Times gives you both some interesting reading. I have this morning, on receiving a reminder from the Office renewed my subscription. So there will be no break in its regular arrival, I hope.
I will write when I have been to Kew, all while I am there on holiday and give you any news of the family. My love to Edward and a kiss, I shall look forward to one of his drawings one-day.
With much love to you both,
Affectionately yours
E. Vanderzee Fenn
PS what do the letters after Gleniti (in the address you wrote on your letter) mean?
Two page letter in its envelope addressed as above.
*In a letter from Adria Fenn July 28 1946, William, is reputed to have been somewhat less than satisfactory.

22. Van's Letters: War Time Letters to Harry & Margot Fenn in NZ, 6 May 1945-2 Aug 1945, Lois Weedon NTH. Towcester
6 May 1945
My dear Henry
My last letter was to Margot so I must send this to you. I have, a few days ago, been on a visit to Kew. I stayed from a Monday to the following Friday. I had not seen Charlie since last August and he has had a bad winter, so I was anxious to go to Kew and see him again. I thought that he was looking better, at any rate later than I had expected from Ella's reports. He had been to the gardens on the Monday I arrived and was on his way home when I got off the bus on Kew Bridge, so we walked back together. He moves very slowly, and he's to take things quietly. He does not get up until 11 or 12 o'clock. Nancy is still at home and I was glad of it for she could come out with me. We went up to town next day and spent some time at the Studio One a cinema in Oxford Street. One of the films there is always a French one and we saw "Derrivre la Facade" a sort of detective story. The second film was "A Hundred Men And a Girl" with Deanne Durbin. I believe it is quite an old film but I had not seen it before. DD sings some find arias in it including Mozart's Alleluia Chorus. We both enjoyed it. After some tea we walked to the Marble Arch and then across to Hyde Park and through Kensington Gardens to High-Street Kensington where we got a bus for Kew. Wednesday I spent in Richmond by myself after a walk in K Gardens in the morning with Nancy. The gardens were lovely that week with masses of bluebells, and with the azaleas and some of the rhododendrons in bloom. I've visited the cemetery and found mother's grave still tidily kept. Then I had a walk up by the river and along Cholmondley Walk, and so to Wentworth House where I had tea with Mabel and Adria. Mabel is better and gets up every day, only her speech is rather mumbled and she is a bit deaf. Adria was a wonder, she does all the house management now, with the help of an evacuee woman, and a nurse who comes daily to look after Mabel. She took me around the house to see the damage caused either last V. Bomb, or rather where the repairs had been carried out. I understand that not a pane of glass was unbroken and some of the frames were blown in as well. The front and back doors were also blown in and several ceilings came down. A bomb fell on the old stables where in the old days our horses and carriages were kept. They were of course completely demolished and the Carter Paterson stables also. From Wentworth House I went on to the Bateman's and found Lucy and Ida at home. Dolly is quite an invalid but Lucy, who is much older (79 this year) seemed wonderfully well, and does not look anything like her years. Jack B still goes on with his medical work in Devonshire or Dorset I forget the exact place. The next day Nancy and I went to Hampton Court. It is an easy journey, for a trolley bus from the Brentford side of Kew Bridge takes one right to the Bushy Park entrance. We had an alfresco lunch but it came on wet and we had to keep to the galleries and stay under cover till our return: so we missed the chestnuts in Bushy Park. Next day I returned to Lois Weedon. Now we are daily awaiting the announcement of V. Day or V.E. Day, which means, I suppose, Victory in Europe.
(Later) the announcement has just been made that tomorrow May 8th is to be Victory Day. The end has come more quickly than was expected, and I certainly never thought the German resistance would collapse in this way. I had intended to go to Northampton tomorrow to see Aunt Alison, but as it is to be a general holiday, I shall probably stay at home after all. We shall also be having a Thanksgiving Service in the evening and on the following Sunday as well. Mrs Cook still keeps me up in the Castlethorpe news and when I get her letters, there is always an invitation for me to go and pay them a visit. I am afraid they do not see much of a vicar of Hanslope; I suppose he pays more attention to the people at his end, and Castlethorpe folk are left out, but it does make them miss Edgar.
May 8. I must finish off this letter today. This morning the village is adorned with flags and the church bells have been ringing. One can only wish that it was the end of the whole thing, but I am afraid there is still much fighting in prospect in Japan and its neighbourhood. However we are thankful to have done with Germany and to feel that the horror of Nazi domination exists no more.
I hope all is well with the family.
Much love to Edward and to you both.
Your affectionate Brother
P. S. this is rather "runny" paper. I hope you can make out what I have written.

Lois Weedon
2 August (1945)
My dear Henry
Written a few days I have had letters from Margot and you. I am writing my first answer and I must send Margot a letter next. Your letter was dated June 6, when you were still waiting for a sale of the farm. I am glad that you have got a nice home to retire to in these days, when houses are so scarce. There is the same problem in England, but made it rather worse for us because of the numbers of bombed houses. There was a respite for a time from the air raids, until the Germans began sending their wretched "doodlebugs". I had intended to go to Kew for a brief holiday, but I put off my visit, as I did not want to spend my time in going to shelters and dodging the blast. And now I am expecting Charlie for a fortnight's visit. Ella and Nancy propose to go to Sherborne for the week's holiday due to Nancy from the farm, but Charlie does not care for long journeys now especially in holiday times when the trains are so packed that it often means standing all way, and travelling is no pleasure. Last weekend they had to close some of the big London stations which had become congested, and many people never got away at all. Today I have come in to Northampton where Charlie will arrive about 6 p.m., and we shall go out to L W by bus. I hope he will get a seat in the train and have a comfortable journey. He is very shaky now, and can only crawl along at a snail's pace. When he comes to me he spends his time with a book and an armchair, or a seat in the garden if the weather permits, and an occasional turn round the village. I must get him, while he is with me to send you a full account of your financial position under Edgar's will, and make things clear to you. As far as I can understand matters there was about L1600 apiece for the four of us. The only legacys were L25 to the Waifs and Strays Society, and the proceeds from the sale of his gold watch, his piano etc for Castlethorpe Parish. I believe that after the War they intend to use this money for some oak panelling in the chancel as a memorial to E J F. I am hoping to go to Castlethorpe for a day or two at the end of the month, possibly from a Saturday to a Wednesday and to stay with the Cooks. It will mean three services on the Sunday, rather a busmen's holiday! but it is a change to go to another parish and to see fresh faces from the pulpit. Edgar and I always used to make an exchange every autumn and do one another's work. Then the Cooks make me very welcome and give me a real rest (with a nine o'clock breakfast!). There is as you probably know, still no successor to Edgar, and probably never will be. The vicar of Hanslope, Wingate by name, has to run both parishes as best he can, so he will be glad if I can relieve him by taking all the services at Castlethorpe one Sunday as I hoping to do this month. Here I must close the first part of my letter and finish off later.
Later (very much so)
After finishing above I went up to Cedar Road and called on Aunt Alison. As perhaps you know she has fled the raid menace in London and come temporally to Northampton where her faithful maid, Marg has a sister and a house. They have taken Aunt A in and she is fairly comfortable, but rather lonely. I am her only visitor, save for one brief visit that Alston paid last weekend. He is on a war work in Denley and got a short leave in order to see his mother. When he gets a week later on he hopes to go to Alston Court, we're Dorothy and one of the daughters are now living and trying to manage to keep things going at the old house. I went to meet Charlie's train about six o'clock, when he duly arrived. He is very shaky on his legs, but I think his heart is rather better, and he seems pretty well in himself. He has a quiet time time (sic) here reading in the study or garden all day long save for an occasional stroll to the village. He prefers to go out by himself and to set his own place in walking. He crawls along, as he says, at half a mile an hour. Ella and Nancy were to leave this (Friday) morning for Sherborne. I hope they got away safely from Waterloo, and escaped flying bombs. Nancy only gets a week and is due back home on 12 August. I hope to keep Charles here until 16th. If possible we shall go to Northampton on the Wednesday bus day and he will be able to see Aunt Alison during the afternoon, and possibly Cousin Margaret (Rand's). She and Aunt A are both about 85. I have just been up to the school to bid the children farewell before their summer holiday. It is nice and fine now and harvesting is beginning, but we have had a poor summer, with chilly days and not much sunshine. Adria, by the way, is on holiday at Lytham St Anne's, where she is staying a fortnight with friends. I do not expect to see her this year. It is nice to hear news of my little godson and to know that he is such a fine little chap. I wish I could see you all again. (Excuse these odd bits of paper!) Love to "EbroFenn" and thank him for his lovely drawing of Martian warriors.
Love to you and Margot and many thanks to Margot for her letter which shall be answered next. Charlie joins me in greetings. He is at the present moment writing to his beloved Ella.
Fare thee well my brother.
Your affectionate brother
E Vanderzee Fenn.

23. Van's Letters: War Time Letters to Harry & Margot Fenn in NZ, 5 Sep 1945, 24 Sep 1945, 24 Apr 1946., Lois Weedon NTH. Lois Weedon
September 5, (1945)
Mrs Fenn
Taiko Rural Mail Delivery
Timaru NZ
My dear Margot
It was a great pleasure to get your letter dated 22nd of July and to hear of the arrival of Katherine Julius and to know that all is well. I had your letter at the end of last week, that I have waited till I could get an airmail letter form in Northampton, so that I might get an answer through to you more quickly. Your letter reached me on 1 September, and brought the news fairly quickly for these times. I can imagine how delighted Edward is to have a baby sister. My letter will not arrive in Timaru to bring him a birthday greeting, but the small sum of money (as my last letter told you) is a gift for him on his fifth birthday, and I am glad to know from your July letter that it has come through - more quickly than I expected. The banks may have a speedier means of communication. We are having a dull and rainy spell. It is disheartening for the farmers who still have a lot of corn in the fields, and long for a little sunshine. It feels quite like autumn already. William has gone off to Northampton so I am on my own head cook and bottle washer. Next week he is going to a friend in London for tonight's, so I shall have still longer to look after myself.
Adria writes to me from Nayland where she is enjoying a brief holiday, and seeing many old friends after an absence of six years. I have not heard from Kew since August 18 Charlie was then keeping pretty well. Ella was the invalid for the time being and Nancy has her hands full. It is a good thing that she is able to be at home and help to run the house. By the time you receive this the christening will be over, I expect. You will be able to have it in a church this time. I think you had a sort of private christening for Edward.
So I send my good wishes for little Katherine, and my hearty congratulations.
With much love to you all.
Yours affectionately
E. Vanderzee Fenn.
Air Letter.

Lois Weedon
24 September (1945?)
My dear Margot
Your letter dated 30 July has just reached me. I had posted a letter the previous day to Harry and sent off a small book for Edward. By the time this reaches you, I expect the move will be completed, and you will be living at Gleniti. Many thanks for the new address. What a quaint name Gleniti! Is it a village near Timaru or just a district in the town itself? We have come once more on to the Harvest Thanksgiving season and our festival is next Sunday October 1st. On the whole it has been a good harvest in this part of the country, though there was a long spell of wet weather during the harvesting, and some corn will not be of a very good quality. I cannot get a "strange" preacher on a Sunday unless I make an exchange, and as I do not like being away from my own church at a Harvest Festival, it means that I take my place in my own pulpit and preach to my own folk. The following Sunday we shall have Harvest services at the other church at Plumpton. There is not such an abundance of flowers as they used to be at this time, and very few chrysanthemums, where there are greenhouses they are full of tomatoes, and flower gardens often look sadly neglected. Lawns are unmowen, and beds are full of vegetables. It will take some time after the war for things to recover. We had one of our Ringers meetings recently in Brackley. I have been secretary of our (Towcester) Branch of the Guild for some years. We could not do much when there was a ban on ringing, but we have been able to start our meetings again. We have a service and a (picnic) tea in these times, with a business meeting and then ring their various methods during the afternoon and evening. The number of ringers has decreased off late years of course, and we have to make up our band with young boys. I have come to Northampton today and bought my letter to finish off at the Church House while I wait for my bus. I stopped at Towcester this morning on my way in, and when I was at the Post Office, the postmaster said there was a parcel for me from NZ and would I take it. I could not carry it around all day, so it will be delivered at L W tomorrow. The reason why the postmaster mentioned its arrival was, I found out, that he wanted the stamps for his little girl "and could I oblige him". I told him to take them off by any means. It is of course, the cake which has travelled through safely. Thank you so much for your kindness in sending it. I am sure it will be very nice and that I shall much enjoy it. I have just come from Cedar Road where I have been a visiting our Aunt Alison also she feels rather lonely at this isolated district of Northampton, where she sees nobody between my visits. I am hoping she will get away before winter. She has the offer of a room at Alston Court, but I fancy she dreads the cold in that great draughty house and does not feel the . . . . . winter there (she is 85 now). Olive the daughter is coming up from Eastbourne next week to see what arrangements she can make. I am keeping the Mirror as I thought you might like the pictures, and have The Times for reading matter.
I do hope you are all well. Much love to dear Edward and with love and many thanks to Harry and yourself.
Yours affectionately
E. Vanderzee Fenn

Lois Weedon
24 April (1946)
My dear Henry
Your letter dated February 24 has reached me this morning. Many thanks for your letter and news. I was interested to hear of the bathing party and of Katharine's introduction to seaside life. I hope that in time Edward will enjoy swimming as much as his father and uncle's. You will probably have heard from Charlie, before this reaches you, of his sad loss. I did not know until recently that her trouble was cancer. In the end it developed with great rapidity and she was not kept to her bed many weeks. Nancy was splendid, nursing her mother and looking after her father and managing the household all through this trying time. I went up to Kew and stayed a night at Priory Road and took the funeral service, first at Kew Church and then at the cemetery Adria came up from Cheltenham for the day and Alston and Dick also managed to be present Charlie went through the ordeal very well. The hearse and cars were driven to within a few yards of the grave so he had not much walking to do and was spared getting up the hill on that side of the cemetery. He has, as you probably know, quite an invalid now and very shaky on his legs. He never thought for a moment that he was going to outlive Ella. It is good to know that he has so devoted a daughter as Nancy's to look after him. I hope to go and see them again next month. Adrian Todd, by the way came to the funeral service. She seemed very well but I only had a moment to speak to her. Dick told me that he was doing very well at his new school near Chichester. He spent most of the war years with a few boys at a hotel on Bodmin Moor a very lonely part of Cornwall. When the evacuation period ended he bought (or rented perhaps) quite an estate near his old school site in Sussex. The venture was risky, but it has proved successful, and he has now some 60 boys and no vacancies for a year or two. Alston has quite become the squire of Nayland. He is churchwarden and reads the lesson on Sunday. He is also bellringer! He spends most of his time gardening, and hopes to make the garden profitable. I have just been an hour with Aunt Alison. She is still in Northampton, though Alston has tried hard to get her to come to live with him and Dorothy at Alston Court. She thinks that Nayland would not suit her in the winter time. She was very interested to hear news of you and the children and Margot. Your letter had just come in time for me to tell her about you all. When I was at Kew Charlie showed me George Julius's remarkable family tree. I only had time to examine the tree in part, but it is an immense work and taken a lot of time and trouble to compile. I think that Mrs Stevens original researches were incorporated in "Julius Jottings" which Frank Brewin (I think) edited some 46 years ago. It is most kind of you and Margot to talk of sending a parcel. I wish that the food situation in England would improve, we expected much when the warring that but instead it seems rather worse than it was even in war days; chiefly because of our starving neighbours on the continent. If you do send again, when Christmas comes round, perhaps, you must send what you can best obtain. Personally I prefer honey for one thing, though it does not travel very well! It is my hope one day to get to NZ but for some time it will be difficult to book a passage. Things may improve in a year or two.
With much love to my godson and to Katharine and with love to you and Margot.
Your affectionate brother
PS I have just been renewing my subscription to The Times weekly edition. I hope it will still give pleasure. Let me know if you would like any other paper or magazine.

24. Van's Letters: Post War Letters to Harry & Margot Fenn in NZ, 15 May 1946 ,30 Jul 1946, 7 Aug 1946, Lois Weedon NTH. Lois Weedon
May 15, (1946)
Mrs Fenn
Taiko Rural Mail Delivery
Timaru NZ
My dear Margot
I have just received your very kind gift. The parcel was full of good things, and William has made me a nice suet pudding already. Many thanks indeed to you and Harry for so kindly sending it. Today I am writing in Northampton at the Church House, while I wait for the time of my returning bus. I have been to see aunt Alison at Cedar Road, and after tea she came out in a taxi for a drive with me. She is very much confined to the house, and she therefore enjoyed the rear opportunity of a drive round in the evening, when I could go with her to help her in and out. We've visited the old Round Church, one of the four in England, which she was anxious to see. The weather is not very summerlike yet, in fact we're having colder weather than we had in March and April, with some night frosts. I wrote to Harry a fortnight or so ago after I had been to Kew for the funeral. You will have heard from Charlie or Nancy, I expect, telling you the sad news. Adria wrote this week to say that she had been at Wentworth House for a night or two. She went to Colchester one day to fetch some things from the bank. Now that she has her own house she can get her furniture and other goods out of store. She wants me to go to Cheltenham and I am hoping to get their in July. We are not feeling much interested in the so-called Victory Day (June 8). There is no settled peace to celebrate and the food shortage makes it difficult to get up festivities in which eating and drinking play a part. In our own parish we are confining the celebration to a children's day with sports and a tea of some sort. Some places are not doing anything at all. After a lapse of seven years County Cricket has started again and Northants have raised a team. At first I thought I would not join the club again. Edgar and I were both members for years and I enjoyed going to see a match with him. However I have joined after all and I shall go sometimes on my own, though it will never be quite the same again. I hope in any case to see Indian cricketers who will be visiting Northampton on June 26th. I am sending this brief letter by Air Mail to let you know of the arrival of the parcel and to send my most grateful thanks. I must write at more length next time.
Much love to Edward and Katherine and with many thanks to you both and my love
Affectionately yours
E. Vanderzee Fenn
Air Letter

From Castlethorpe.
30th July 1946
My dear Henry
The address we all show that I am having a few days holiday. On the 22nd I went to Cheltenham and stayed with Adria. This is the first time she has had an opportunity of putting me up and I was unable to stay at St Luke's villas. She has now got her furniture and pictures out of storage and has her own things round her and it seems more like home. Mrs Rowden is unfortunately quite the invalid and this gives Adria a lot to do. There is taking up breakfast in the morning, for Mrs R does not get up till late, the shopping, and most household duties. However we had the afternoons free and made several expeditions together. One day we had a motorcoach drive to Stroud, Malmesbury (where there is a fine old abbey) and Cirencester. On two other afternoons we took a tea and picnicked on the hills. Each morning I went to the concert at the Town Hall. On the Friday afternoon I came on to Castlethorpe, where I am staying with the Cooks. I helped the vicar on Sunday by taking two services at C Church. Cook is the morning organist and halfway through the service the blowing apparatus went wrong and we had to sing unaccompanied. Afterwards Cook and others took off its front boards and discovered the cause of the mishap, so that at Evensong everything was in order. Miss Gregory is still playing the organ of an evening. You probably remember the old lady, who is very deaf. Cook does not do so much work now, and he has been at liberty to go about with me of an afternoon. I saw Joe Whiting yesterday, but I did not come across Bevidge, who will remember your visit and speaks of you when we met. The weather is not very good, but the farmers have started on their harvesting and the oats are being cut in many places. We are hoping for a good harv