Barnard Aaron PHILLIPS 
- Born: 1792, Liverpool Lancashire
- Marriage (1): Clara SOLOMON  about 1820 in LND
- Died: 24 Nov 1862, 29 Bourke St E Melbourne Aust. aged 70
- Buried: Melbourne General Cemetery
Barnard was an unassisted (£20) immigrant to Port Jackson New South Wales, with his family, on the SS Westmoreland, which arrived 19 May 1833, from London. He was described as a carpenter.
Ref: NSW Unassisted Immigrant Passenger Lists 1826-1922 (Ancestry) (Note - searched under Clara Phillips)
Barnard was employed to fit out the Bridge Street Synagogue in 1836, with its "well arranged" 130 seats and an Ark for the Torah Scrolls, which can still be seen at Sydney's Great Synagogue.
Image courtesy of C. O'Brien 2018
BARNARD AARON PHILLIPS (circa1792 - 24 Nov 1862)
My Great Great Grand Father
By Carmen O'Brien
Barnard Aaron Phillips was born in Liverpool, England, in 1792. His parents were Phillip Aaron and Eve Phillips.
I found a Rabbi from Liverpool who does some genealogy research and he told me that Jewish records were not kept in Liverpool until 1895. He also said that there were no Phillips recorded. The family probably moved to London.
Barnard married Clara Solomon in 1820; she was born in 1804, in London. Her father was Michael Solomon who was a general dealer. Her mother was Hannah Joseph.
Barnard apparently worked at the Drury Lane Theatre as a stage hand and carpenter, eight years as foreman. Also General Mechanist from the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden.
Barnard Aaron Phillips, with his wife Clara and eight children were aboard the "SS Westmoreland" when she left Downs, England on 8th January 1833 for Sydney, arriving on 19th May 1833.
The Westmoreland was a fully rigged sailing ship of 405 tons and under the command of Master Brigstock and carried an unknown amount of crew, with sixty passengers and a cargo of general merchandise.
They were quite a large family consisting of:
Father - Mr. B. A. Phillips
Mother - Clara Phillips
Charles Phillips (10)
Alexander " (9)
Hannah " (8)
Michael " (7)
Samuel " (6)
Sarah " (3)
Jacob " (2)
Rosa " (1)
Miss Abigail Asser accompanied the family.
They must have had their hands full on the voyage with all these children. You have to wonder why they decided to move out to Australia and how they might have paid their way, Barnard being only a cabinetmaker. They obviously sought a better life in Australia.
The family arrived in Sydney on 19th May 1833 via Hobart Town.
After arriving Barnard set up business in George Street and later 423 Pitt Street Sydney.
In 1843 he was in business at "The Star of the East Public House" in George St Sydney but was caught in a depression at that time and was declared insolvent 21 Dec 1843.
After his wife and daughter died and the rest of the family had gone their own way Barnard went to Melbourne to live with his daughter Nancy and died there at 29 Burke St.
1. Phillips Family: Unassisted Immigration to Sydney, 1833, The Westmoreland.
. . . . . From the Downs, yesterday, having sailed from thence on the 8th of January, the ship Westmoreland, 105 tons, Captain Brigstock, with a general cargo of merchandise. Passengers . . . . . Mr. B. A. Phillips, carpenter, Celeria (Clara) Phillips, Charles Phillips, Alexander Phillips, Anna Phillips, Michael Phillips, Samuel Phillips, Sarah Phillips, Jacob Phillips, and Rosa Phillips . . . . .
The Sydney Herald (NSW : 1831 - 1842) Mon 20 May 1833 Pg 2 (V Watson - 2020)
New South Wales, Australia, Unassisted Immigrant Passenger Lists, 1826-1922
Clara Phillips & the others
Port of Departure: London
Port of Arrival: Port Jackson, New South Wales
Voyage Arrival Date: 19 May 1833
Vessel Name: Caroline
Source Ancestry 2020.
This Ancestry data is incorrect the ship was the Westmoreland, Find my Past has the correct data.
2. Barnard Phillips: Carving of an Ark, Cir 1835, Sydney Australia.
This is a picture of Carmen O'Brien standing in front of an Ark of the Covenant1 in the Great Synagogue in Sydney. This Ark (the smaller one) is said to have been built by her Gt Gt Grandfather Barnard Phillips soon after he arrived in Australia.
It is mentioned in "A History of the Big Shule" by Raymond Apple
"The smaller, earlier Ark is made of cedar, mahogany and rosewood. It was thought to have been designed in 1835 by a stage carpenter working for Barnett Levey, the Father of Australian Theatre, although it has been suggested more recently that it is actually a maker's model for the York Street Ark2."
1. An Ark stores the scrolls of the Torah.
2. The bigger Ark in the photo is from the York St Synagogue.
Barnard married Clara SOLOMON  [MRIN: 4553], daughter of Michael SOLOMON  and Hannah JOSEPH , about 1820 in LND. (Clara SOLOMON  was born in 1804 in London MDX, died on 20 Jun 1861 in 423 Pitt St Sydney Aust. and was buried on 21 Jun 1861 in Rookwood Cemetery Jewish Section Sydney.)