Robert LIVEING 
- Christened: 16 Jan 1713/14, St Nicholas Harwich ESS
- Marriage (1): Sarah HEARN  on 17 Oct 1746 in Ramsay ESS
- Died: 28 Apr 1785 aged 71
- Buried: 6 May 1785, Harwich Churchyard
The Liveing Family Archive has been collected and conserved by many generations from the 19th century. At this time of writing, 2011, it is being digitalised and transcribed by Claudia Buxton and Edward Fenn, into this record. One of the earliest items in the collection concerns the Houses in Harwich, below.
Robert son of Robert Liveing and Martha is wife was baptised upon the 16th day of January 1714 as appears by the Register of the Parish of St Nicholas Harwich in the County of Essex, examined this 28th day of April 1773 by me. Thos Gibson Minister.
Several entries in the Harwich Baptism Register show Robert & Sarah's surname as Liven however their family is reconfirmed by his and his son Robert's Will
To be Lett and Enter'd upon immediately.
The Oyster LAYS and PITS in the Creek between the Ray and Dovercourt, late in the Tenure or Occupation of Mr Robert Liveing.
For further particulars enquire of Mr Griffith Powell, Attorney at Law, at Harwich.
Ref: The Ipswich Journal Saturday, 19 October 1751.
Robert built a new fishing smack in 1765 details of some of the costs on file at the Essex Record Office ref D/DU 208/8.
Houses in Harwich.
See photograph of sketch made by Mary Kate Liveing about 1860.
Liveings of Harwich.
Captain Thomas Liveing by grandfather was born and died in a house (1). He died October 1836 aged 77 in his 78? Year. His wife died at Nayland at her son Edward's (my father) January 1837 in her 76th year. They were married when 25 and 23. Captain Thomas Liveing's father R Liveing lived in the same house before him and was manager of the fishing company in possession of 45 Smacks, he is buried with a stone slab inscribed over him in the pavement of the chancel of Harwich Church
He was buried before the present church was built (? EHL) in the old churchyard and the present church was built over his grave. He had nine children of whome Thomas was the youngest his eldest son William (probably in the fishing trade) had a son William (2) and a daughter Elizabeth. This William (2) appeared to his cousin Henry Thomas Liveing, when a child as old as his own father Captain Thomas.
William's sister Elizabeth kept house for her uncle Captain Saunders R.N. Commander of the R. . . . . Cutter Argus (who picked up Major Money in his balloon - he had one leg).
Captain Saunders was a fine genteel looking man rubicund he was terribly addicted to swearing and getting into a passion when he would take off his wig throw it on the ground and stamp on it. He married Martha daughter of Robert Liveing, sister of Captain Thomas Liveing, her father gave them a farm at Wheatley Essex for a portion and Captain Saunders left it back to Captain Thomas Liveing at his death.
Captions beside the sketch of Kings Street Harwich about 1860.
(1) Captain Thomas Liveing's house, before about 1814 had tiled gable roof like (4).
(2) Captain William Liveing's house built by Captain T.L in place of a cottage formerly there for his son.
(3) Captain Macdonough his wife of famous mems (sic) with shoulder of mutton hand - who wopped her daughter Suzanne uncle Henry's baby sweetheart - she also returned Dr Bailey his medicine untasted and said she had deducted it from his bill and said she expected him to give her servants are present.
(4) Mr Baxter the cabinet maker whose son, Charles Liveing shot in the hinder parts
Liveing Archive: The Red Book
Dorse: Dates and a comment that documents the entries in the family bible of Catherine Liveing (nee Downing) (97)
Essex Record Office D/DU 206/10
DEED DEPOSITED BY GUILDHALL LIBRARY
Scope and Content:
Release of legacies under the will of Robert Liveing of Harwich, gent. by Robert Liveing of Harwich, gent., 19 July 1785, by Thomas Liveing of Harwich, gent., 24 August 1785, by Joseph Threadgill of Harwich, fisherman and Martha his wife, 25 August 1785 and by Richard White of Coggeshall, esq., his wife Anne, Thomas Hearn of Harwich and William Hearn of Coggeshall, 9 March 1786;
Essex Record Office D/DU 206/7
2 DEEDS DEPOSITED BY GUILDHALL LIBRARY
Dates of Creation21/22 June 1750
Scope and Content:
Conveyance (Lease and Release) for L196 John Blacksell of Harwich, merchant Robert Liveing of Harwich, fisherman One third part of messuage in Harwich occupied by Robert Liveing, John Brazier, Robert Perry, Elias Loveday and William Thruston and previously part of the estate of Robert Liveing, deceased.
Essex Record Office D/DU 206/7
Dated 22 June 1750
Indenture between John Blacksell of Harwich merchant and Robert Liveing of Harwich of Harwich fisherman whereby John Blacksell being about to marry one of the daughters of the late Robt Liveing of Harwich, claims one third of the net estate of Robert Liveing deceased under a Bond dated 31 Sept 1739 whereby Robt Liveing now deceased bound himself by Will at his death to this daughter's entitlement to one equal third part of his estate, there being only three children. To wit Robert party to this indenture and two daughters.
All matters relating to the personal estate being now settled, Robert Liveing the party to these presents and John Blacksell aforesaid do agree on a sum of one hundred ninety and six pounds as the share due under the aforementioned Bond settled by the Lease and Release above at the signing of this Indenture.
Signed John Blacksell
MS on file 2008
Ipswich Borough Archives. Reference to Robert Liveing and James Cook.
Apprenticeship Indenture, James Cook, single men, bound to Robert Liveing of Harwich(Essex) fishermen, 2 March 1774.
Death Age: 71
Event Type: Burial
Birth Date: abt 1714
Death Date: abt 1785
Burial Date: 6 May 1785
Burial Place: Harwich, St Nicholas, Essex, England
THE WILL OF ROBERT LIVEING OF HARWICH
Dated 17 April 1785
The Will of Robert Liveing of Harwich gent, being of sound mind memory and understanding.
First I desire that my body be decently buried and my just debts etc. . . . . be paid and satisfied.
I give and devise all that my Messuage or Tenement brew house store house outhouses, yards appurtenances situate lying and being on the east side of Kings Head Street in Harwich aforesaid and now in my own tenure and occupation and all such fixtures therein. Also all that my Messuage or Tenement with the yards wash house and appurtenances hereto belonging adjoining on the north side of the aforesaid Messuage or Tenement situate lying and being the same east side of the aforesaid street and now in the tenure and occupation of Jacob Squirrell, also all that my Tenement or Shop situate at the corner of Saint Austins Lane on the same east side of the aforesaid street and now in the occupation of the said Jacob Squirrell unto and to the use of my son Thomas Liveing his heirs and assigns for ever.
I give and devise all that my Messuage or Tenement with part of a wash house and yard and store house out house and appurtenances thereunto belonging situate on the east side of Church Street in Harwich aforesaid now in the tenure or occupation of my daughter in law Elizabeth Liveing her under tenants or assigns and all my fixtures therein and also all that my Messuage or Tenement with the other part of the said last above mentioned wash house and yard and appurtenances thereunto belonging situate lying and being on the same east side of Church Street aforesaid and now in the tenure or occupation of John Nunn his under tenants or assigns unto and to the use of my eldest son Robert Liveing his heirs and assigns for ever.
I give and devise all and every my copyhold Messuage or Tenement with the barns stables store house yards orchards lands meadows pastures floodings ways waters hereditaments and appurtenances there unto belonging called or known by the names of Brook House Farm and Barkers containing containing about fifty one acres more or less and all my parcel/s of Copyhold Land called May Pole Land and Brook Land containing about ten acres more or less situate in the Parish and Manor of Weeleigh co Essex now in the tenure or occupation James Gunn and Ann his wife relict of Joseph Whice the younger deceased the same being surrendered to the use of my will unto and to the use of my daughter Martha Saunders wife of John Saunders her heirs and assigns for ever she and they paying to my said son Robert Liveing the sum of two hundred and ten pounds and unto my son Thomas Liveing the sum of sixty pounds within ten months next after my decease
To my daughter in law Elizabeth Liveing widow my grandson William Liveing and my granddaughter Elizabeth Gill Liveing the sum of five pounds each for mourning
To Martha Saunders and Thomas Liveing my executors all my household goods furniture plate china linen . . . . . now in the possession of my said daughter in law and which are particularly mentioned in a bill of sale thereof made to me by my late son William Liveing deceased dated the eleventh day of February 1780 upon trust that they my said executors do permit my said daughter in law to have occupy use and enjoy the same until my said grandson and grandaughter respectively attain their age of twenty one years when they shall have an equal half part or share of the said household goods . . . . .
To my executors the fishing or coasting smack or smacks or vessel and vessels which I shall die possessed of with all and singular the masts sails sailyards anchors cables ropes cords tackle apparel furniture boats oars and appurtenances whatsoever which at the time of my decease shall belong to me also all my household goods plate china linen woollen furniture and other goods chattels ready money securities mortgages bonds notes stock and other estate both real and personal upon trust that they my said executors do and shall as soon after my decease as conveniently may be sell and dispose for the best price that can be gotten of all and every the said smack smacks etc . . . . . household goods chattels etc . . . . . and shall with all convenient speed lay out or place at interest in such public stocks or funds mortgage or mortgages etc . . . . . the sum of three hundred and thirty pounds of lawful money of Great Britain and shall apply the interest dividends or product thereof for and towards the maintenance education bringing up or benefit of my said grandson William Liveing and my said Grandaughter Elizabeth Gill Liveing until they shall respectively reach their age of twenty one years when they shall be paid out an equal half part or share of the said principal sum of three hundred and thirty pounds . . . . .
I will that my executors do and shall pay all the residue and remainder of the monies which shall arise by the sale of my estate as aforesaid unto and amongst my said sons Robert and Thomas and my said daughter Martha to whom I give and bequeath the same equally to be divided between or amongst them my said sons and daughter share and share alike . . . . .
I do make nominate constitute and appoint my said daughter Martha Saunders and my said son Thomas Liveing executrix and executor of this my last Will and Testament . . . . .
I do revoke all former Wills by me at any time heretofore made . . . . .
Signed: Robert Liveing
Witnesses: Ann Hearn Jacob Squirrell John Hull
Proved: London the 16 June 1785 by Martha Liveing and Thomas Liveing
Robert was aged 71 at his death.
Essex Record Office
Reference Code D/DU 206/6 Dates of Creation 1730-1746 Extent 14 items Scope and Content Marriage bond between Arthur Lowe Bowman of Ratcliff, Middlesex, gent. and Sarah Narbrow, daughter-in-law of Robert Liveing of Harwich, fisherman, that Robert Liveing will assign one child or one third part of his estate to Arthur Lowe Bowman on the death of himself and his wife Martha, 7 July 1730; deed of sale of one quarter of the 'Robert and Martha' of Harwich (46 tons) for L.100 by Robert Liveing the elder of Harwich to Robert Liveing the younger of Harwich, fisherman, with Robert Liveing the younger to be sole master, 4 April 1732; bond for the payment of L.80 by Robert Liveing of Harwich, fisherman to Rebecca Hudspeth of Harwich, widow, 7 July 1735; bond for the payment of L.100 by Robert Liveing of Harwich, mariner to John Goodman of St. Mary at Hill, City of London, 24 August 1741, with acknowledgement of full payment received, 28 March 1746; bond for the payment of L.100 by Robert Liveing of Harwich, fisherman to Samuel Lucas, previously of Harwich, but now of Chelmondiston, Suffolk, esq. at the rate of L.5 a year as payment for one eighth of the 'Robert and Martha' purchased 26 January 1720, 26 January 1743; acknowledgement by John Blacksel of Harwich, merchant that his father-in-law Robert Liveing spent L.80 in 1730 on household goods for him and that he paid half his rent, L.49 10s. and that both these sums are part of 'my Fortune' following the death of Mrs Liveing, 18 January 1745; inventory of goods on estate of Robert Liveing of Harwich, fisherman, deceased 1745, including the 'Robert & Martha' and the 'Daniel & Philips' fishing boats, 13 June 1745 (two copies); note of L.510 15s. wages due to Robert Liveing, the son of Robert Liveing, as master for 13 years 5 weeks at 15s. a week 'the usual wages paid masters in that employ', May 1745; letters of administration appointing Robert Liveing as executor, 8 June 1745; account of Robert Liveing as administrator for the estate of Robert Liveing, 1746, with (itemised) list of debts paid and account of discharge of outstanding bonds to Samuel Lucas, John Goodman and Rebecca Hudspeth.
Date From 1730 Date To 1746
Essex Record Office Level:
Reference Code D/DU 206/7 Dates of Creation 21/22 June 1750 Extent 2 items Scope and Content Conveyance (Lease and Release) for L.106
John Blacksell of Harwich, merchant
Robert Liveing of Harwich, fisherman
One third part of messuage in Harwich occupied by Robert Liveing, John Brazier, Robert Perry, Elias Loveday and William Thruston and previously part of the estate of Robert Liveing, deceased.
Date From 1750 Date To 1750
Essex Record Office.
Reference Code D/DU 206/8 Dates of Creation 1763-1785 Extent 16 items Scope and Content Detailed inventory (8 pp.), with rough inventory and valuation of fishing vessel, made at the death of William Hearn, includes the entry for 'Wages paid the ship's company upon account of the last voyage to Norway which was 7 weeks. . . . .', 12 June 1763; agreement between the children of William Hearn, deceased to let his vessel go to sea uninsured, 19 October 1763; book entitled 'The Accounts of Smiths work from Mr Francis Stevens for Mr Robert Liveing's vessel Building for him by Mr Turner', with detailed accounts of iron used 'for Robert Liveing's new smack', 1765 (16 pp.), accounts of stock bought by Mrs Ann Hearn and Robert Liveing, executors of Captain Thomas Hearn's will 1766, and receipts given by Mary Jackson, daughter of Ann and Thomas Hearn, 1769-1785; attested copy of bond between William Jackson of Ipswich, printer and Thomas Hearn of Harwich, mariner, made on the separation of William Jackson and his wife Mary, formerly Mary Hearn, granddaughter of William Hearn and a beneficiary under his will, 16 December 1771; petition by children and grandchildren of William Hearn, deceased, late of Harwich, fisherman requesting Robert Liveing, surviving executor of William Hearn to sell remainder of Hearn's property, 20 August 1774; estimates for the sails, 'cordage and anchors etc.' and 'Casks Tubbs etc.' on the 'William & Sarah', 1774; inventory and conditions of sale of sloop 'William and Sarah' of Harwich, 16 September 1774; list of deeds and papers ('writeings') and plate taken from house, valuation of fishing vessel property of Mrs Sarah Hearn deceased and inventories and conditions of sale of house in St. Nicholas, Ipswich, Suffolk of Sarah Hearn, widow, 23 September 1774; inventory and conditions of sale of house in Kings Head Street, Harwich occupied by Nathaniel Westhorp and apartment occupied by John Rudland, 30 September 1774; note of agreement between Robert Liveing of Harwich, fisherman and Henry Carter of Monewden, Suffolk, farmer to sell for L.1050 to Carter the copyhold messuage of the manor of Easton Hoo Chasfield Marlby Hall and Monewden with Solyard occupied by Thomas Emmerson and Henry Carter, 14 October 1774; rough inventory of William Hearn's fishing vessel with rough estimate of value.
Date From 1763 Date To 1785
1. Robert Liveing: Petition by Family of William Hearn to wind up Williams his estate, 18th C Harwich.
Essex Record Office D/DU 206/8
Petition by children and grandchildren of William Hearn, deceased, late of Harwich, fisherman requesting Robert Liveing, surviving executor of William Hearn to sell remainder of Hearn's goods chattles property, 20 August 1774; estimates for the sails, 'cordage and anchors etc.' and 'Casks Tubbs etc.' on the 'William & Sarah', 1774; inventory and conditions of sale of sloop 'William and Sarah' of Harwich, 16 September 1774;
Petitioners included: Robt Liveing Jnr, William Liveing, William Hearn Jnr, Thos Hearne, William Jackson, Mary Jackson, John Hines for his children Mary Roger and Maurice, William Hearn, G Ward, Elizabeth Ward, Edmund Hunt, Mary Hunt, Richard White, Ann White, see the image of the document and their signatures.
Note of agreement between Robert Liveing of Harwich, fisherman and Henry Carter of Monewden, Suffolk, farmer to sell for L1050 to Carter the copyhold messuage of the manor of Easton Hoo Chasfield Marlby Hall and Monewden with Solyard occupied by Thomas Emmerson and Henry Carter, 14 October 1774;
Book entitled 'The Accounts of Smiths work from Mr Francis Stevens for Mr Robert Liveing's vessel Building for him by Mr Turner', with detailed accounts of iron used 'for Robert Liveing's new smack', 1765 (16 pp.), accounts of stock bought by Mrs Ann Hearn and Robert Liveing, executors of Captain Thomas Hearn's will 1766, and receipts given by Mary Jackson, daughter of Ann and Thomas Hearn, 1769-1785;
2. Liveing Family Harwich: Various notes and dates.
Robert married Sarah HEARN  [MRIN: 118], daughter of William HEARN  and Sarah SIMKIN , on 17 Oct 1746 in Ramsay ESS. (Sarah HEARN  was born about 1723, died on 21 Jul 1772 and was buried on 24 Jul 1772 in Harwich Churchyard.)